CN202860388U - Multi-purpose serial bubble type smoke treating device - Google Patents

Multi-purpose serial bubble type smoke treating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202860388U
CN202860388U CN 201220447011 CN201220447011U CN202860388U CN 202860388 U CN202860388 U CN 202860388U CN 201220447011 CN201220447011 CN 201220447011 CN 201220447011 U CN201220447011 U CN 201220447011U CN 202860388 U CN202860388 U CN 202860388U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
smoke
bubble
soot processing
flue dust
tower
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220447011
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐自升
徐漫
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徐自升
徐漫
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 徐自升, 徐漫 filed Critical 徐自升
Priority to CN 201220447011 priority Critical patent/CN202860388U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202860388U publication Critical patent/CN202860388U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides a multi-purpose serial bubble type smoke treating device consisting of a smoke treating device tower body, a water storage tank, a surfactant solution storage tank, a waste liquid storage tank and corresponding pipelines, wherein the tower body consists of a smoke cover, a flue, a smoke baffle, a smoke water curtain pre-washing area, a plurality of smoke bubble generating devices, a plurality of bubble cracking devices, a built-in exhaust fan, a top-end water mist sprayer and a top-end exhaust fan; and the smoke bubble generating devices and the bubble cracking devices are connected in series and arranged at intervals. In the device, a high-power power consumption device is not required, both smoke washing water and a surfactant solution can be properly recycled. After the smoke is subjected to several cycles of bubble generation and cracking, the contact area and the contact time between the smoke and the surfactant solution are increased, thus harmful materials in the smoke are fully wetted, suspended or dissolved in the surfactant solution and are collected in a waste liquid storage tank for further treatment, or wastes are turned into useful things, and thus the air pollution is greatly reduced.

Description

A kind of multipurpose series connection bubble type soot processing device
Technical field
The present invention is a kind of multipurpose series connection bubble type soot processing device, can be used as the dust treatment of coal-fired power plant, boiler room, chemical plant, smeltery and domestic heating oven etc., also can be used as the workshop of flue dust and pernicious gas generation or the emission-control equipment in laboratory.
Background technology
Atmospheric environment has seriously been polluted in a large amount of generations of industrial and civilian waste gas, flue dust, is threatening people's health.In the northern area of China, annual winter, air smoke pollution thereby very serious, the cough that causes therefrom, asthma patient presented seasonal sharply rising because will warm oneself with boiler fired coal.Present chimney and some dust trapping devices, effect also are not very desirable.Want to reduce to the flue dust in the atmosphere and pernicious gas, such as the discharging of carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide etc., reduce the formation of greenhouse effects and acid rain, need more effective, energy-conservation soot processing device.The chimney that existing power plant, chemical plant etc. are located, volume is large, cost is high, power consumption is large, operation cost is high.Electrostatic precipitator can't adsorb tiny dust, still along with chimney stalk is discharged in the air, thereby pollutes the atmosphere.The PM2.5 index is too high in some large-and-medium size cities air of China, is exactly a relatively poor intuitively performance of air quality.In addition, the noxious gas emission of some chemical laboratories mainly is the absorption by active carbon.This method charcoal absorption is limited, and efficient is not high.Therefore, in order to reduce flue dust in the air and gas purging to be arranged, the novel soot processing device of developing a kind of high efficiency, low cost, multipurpose, low energy consumption is extremely urgent.
At present, the boiler take coal as main fuel, used chimney substantially all are upright.The effect of chimney is to bleed and discharge fume, and does not eliminate the function of flue dust.The smoke abatement and dust control of boiler is that the deduster with various models comes dedusting.Deduster commonly used has mechanical precipitator (gravity settling chamber, inertial dust separator, cyclone dust collectors), wet scrubber (impingement dust collector, bubble dust collector, Venturi tube water dust scrubber), filtration dust catcher (sack cleaner, gravel bed filter) and electrostatic precipitator.All can not eliminating flue dust, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide etc. fully of above deduster, thus pollution to atmosphere caused.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of multipurpose series connection bubble type soot processing device, can be used for various boiler, coal-fired power plant, steel plant, chemical plant, have workshop that dust or pernicious gas produce and laboratory etc. to locate, can also be installed in the top of more existing chimney stalks, as the after-treatment device of flue dust, to improve the quality of smoke stack emission gas.
The present invention is comprised of soot processing device tower body, water tank, surfactant solution storage tank, waste tank and corresponding pipeline.Tower body is comprised of flue dust cover, flue, flue dust baffle plate, flue dust water curtain prewashing district, series connection and spaced flue dust bubble generator and bubble cracker, built-in exhaust fan, top waterfog head and top exhaust fan.The flue dust bubble generator mainly is made of surfactant solution shower nozzle and porous material tank.Flue dust bubble cracker mainly is comprised of 10~100 order aperture screen clothes, can hinder and so that the dust follicular rupture that the flue dust bubble generator produces, the droplets fall of formation is collected to the bottom and by the waste collection pipeline; The gas of escaping continues up.
This device does not have high-power power consumer apparatus, and what flue dust slurry and surfactant solution all can be suitable recycles.Flue dust through several times Bubble formation, the circulation of breaking after, its area that contacts with surfactant solution and time have been increased, so that wherein harmful material by wetting, suspendible fully or be dissolved in the surfactant solution, and be collected in the waste tank, for further processing, perhaps change harmful to treasure, thereby reduced widely pollution to air.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of multipurpose series connection bubble type soot processing device schematic diagram.Fig. 2 is the flue dust bubble generator.Fig. 3 is the bubble cracker.
Among Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3: 1. top exhaust fan; 2. waterfog head; 3. soot processing device tower body; 4. bubble cracker; 5. the bubble that contains flue dust; 6. flue dust bubble generator; 7. waste collection pipeline; 8. built-in exhaust fan; 9. water spray gondola water faucet; 10. flue dust baffle plate; 11. flue; 12. flue dust cover; 13. sewage storage tank; 14. blowoff valve; 15. water tank; 16. force (forcing) pump; 17. flow pipe; 18. surfactant solution storage tank; 19. feed tube; 20. flue dust; 21. surfactant solution shower nozzle; 22. fine aperture; 23. porous material tank; 24. porous material canister incoming gas mouth; 25. baffle plate between the porous material tank; 26.10~100 order aperture screen clothes.
The specific embodiment
Flue dust (20) is collected by flue dust cover (12), rise by flue (11), flowed to both sides after flue dust baffle plate (10) obstruct, water curtain district under process water spray gondola water faucet (9) spills, upwards taken out by built-in exhaust fan (8), by flue dust bubble generator (6), flue dust enters porous material tank (23) in the flue dust bubble generator (6), fully contact with the surfactant solution that contains chemical reagent from surfactant solution shower nozzle (21) on the tank body, react, or wetted, washing, the part flue dust is by the fine aperture (22) on the porous material tank (23), form bubble and upwards escape, go out at bubble cracker (4), by 10~100 order aperture screen clothes (26) obstruct wherein, broken.The drop that forms flows to bubble generation tank bottom baffles, is collected in the sewage storage tank (13) by waste collection pipeline (7).The break flue dust of rear escape of bubble, a large amount of bubbles are caught, wash, produced to continuation by upper level bubble generator (6), the bubble that produces continues to move upward, by upper level bubble cracker (4) cracking, through bubble generator and the bubble cracker of for several times series connection, flue dust is by fully washing, clean.Waste liquid is all collected in the sewage storage tank (13) by waste collection pipeline (7).After the cleaner tail gas of processing is again wetting by the water smoke of the waterfog head on top (2) ejection, extracted out by top exhaust fan (1), be discharged into aerial.
The water of above-mentioned water spray gondola water faucet (9) to each water spray gondola water faucet, forms the water curtain sprinkling district by flow pipe (17) delivery profile from water tank (15), flue dust is carried out the drip washing of first road, to remove the particle in the flue dust.The washings of collecting flow back in the water tank (15) through piping, can recycle.Precipitation is discharged further by the blowoff valve of tank and is processed.
Surfactant solution in the above-mentioned bubble generator (6) is from surfactant solution storage tank (18), be assigned to surfactant solution shower nozzle (21) by force (forcing) pump (16) through feed tube (19), evenly and continuously be sprayed onto on the tank skin of porous material tank (23), flue dust is when being entered porous material tank (23) and being escaped by the fine aperture (22) on the tank skin by porous material canister incoming gas mouth (24), fully contact with the surfactant solution on the tank skin, be washed, perhaps form bubbles escape.Also there is the part flue dust between a large amount of bubbles, to escape, fully contacts and be absorbed, wash with the liquid film of bubble.

Claims (7)

1. a multipurpose series connection bubble type soot processing device is characterized in that: be comprised of soot processing device tower body, water tank, surfactant solution storage tank, waste tank and corresponding pipeline.
2. multipurpose according to claim 1 series connection bubble type soot processing device, it is characterized in that: its main structure body soot processing device tower body is comprised of flue dust cover, flue, flue dust baffle plate, flue dust water curtain prewashing district, series connection and spaced flue dust bubble generator and bubble cracker, built-in exhaust fan, top waterfog head and top exhaust fan.
3. multipurpose according to claim 1 series connection bubble type soot processing device, it is characterized in that: built-in exhaust fan is equipped with in soot processing device tower body inside.
4. multipurpose according to claim 1 series connection bubble type soot processing device, it is characterized in that: the top exhaust fan is equipped with at soot processing device tower body top.
5. multipurpose series connection bubble type soot processing device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the flue dust bubble generator is arranged in the soot processing device tower body.
6. multipurpose according to claim 1 series connection bubble type soot processing device, it is characterized in that: the flue dust bubble generator in the soot processing device tower body is made of surfactant solution shower nozzle and porous material tank;
7. multipurpose according to claim 1 series connection bubble type soot processing device, it is characterized in that: the bubble cracker in the soot processing device tower body mainly is comprised of the screen cloth in 10~100 order apertures.
CN 201220447011 2012-08-31 2012-08-31 Multi-purpose serial bubble type smoke treating device Expired - Fee Related CN202860388U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220447011 CN202860388U (en) 2012-08-31 2012-08-31 Multi-purpose serial bubble type smoke treating device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220447011 CN202860388U (en) 2012-08-31 2012-08-31 Multi-purpose serial bubble type smoke treating device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202860388U true CN202860388U (en) 2013-04-10

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220447011 Expired - Fee Related CN202860388U (en) 2012-08-31 2012-08-31 Multi-purpose serial bubble type smoke treating device

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN202860388U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103157365A (en) * 2012-08-31 2013-06-19 徐自升 Multi-purpose series connection bubble type fume processing device.
WO2017114850A1 (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-07-06 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Gas treatment apparatus and gas turbine generating apparatus therewith

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103157365A (en) * 2012-08-31 2013-06-19 徐自升 Multi-purpose series connection bubble type fume processing device.
WO2017114850A1 (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-07-06 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Gas treatment apparatus and gas turbine generating apparatus therewith

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130410

Termination date: 20140831