CN202819080U - Plant cultivation device - Google Patents

Plant cultivation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202819080U
CN202819080U CN2012203184361U CN201220318436U CN202819080U CN 202819080 U CN202819080 U CN 202819080U CN 2012203184361 U CN2012203184361 U CN 2012203184361U CN 201220318436 U CN201220318436 U CN 201220318436U CN 202819080 U CN202819080 U CN 202819080U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
casing
jack
plant cultivation
cultivation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012203184361U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卢晓骏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
DONGGUAN ZHILI MOLDED PRODUCTS Co Ltd
Original Assignee
DONGGUAN ZHILI MOLDED PRODUCTS Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN2012203184361U priority Critical patent/CN202819080U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202819080U publication Critical patent/CN202819080U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model discloses a plant cultivation device which relates to the field of farm tools. The plant cultivation device comprises a cultivation box, a central controller, a water storage tank, a water level controller, a water supply module and a solar water preparation module, wherein the central controller is connected with the solar water preparation module, the water supply module and the water level controller respectively, the water level controller is bidirectionally connected with the water storage tank, the solar water preparation module and the water supply module are connected with the water storage tank respectively, a supporting pipe is connected with the water storage tank and the cultivation box is connected with the water level controller. The plant cultivation device can be used in water planting, soil planting and mixed planting of water and soil. The plant cultivation device uses a water-saving roots irrigation method, prevents exposure and rain, and has the functions of water collecting from the air with certain humidity and automatic water recycling.

Description

Plant cultivation device
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural tools, particularly relates to plant cultivation device.
Background technology
More and more in the house, in the fewer and feweri situation of ploughing, how on the roof or the square set up the condition that is fit to plant growth, cultivation box begins to enter into the people's life.The planting mode has water planting plantation and earth culture plantation dual mode.When adopting traditional water planting container plantation, root system of plant is difficult the adaptation, and specification requirement is high, common people are difficult to grasp the culture technique of water planting, and consider from species and economic angle, neither can both be applied to water planting by all plants, cause range of application to be limited to, be unfavorable for promoting on a large scale.When adopting the plantation of traditional earth culture case, water from the surface, amount is random large when applying fertilizer, fertilizer deficiency, lack of water or because of the mashed root of the too much anoxic of ponding also cause nutrient to follow soil erosion when getting rid of unnecessary ponding easily easily, all are unfavorable for the normal growth of plant.And general cultivation box all is that protective plant is grown better effectively without sun-proof rainproof measure.
In addition, increasing people begins to adopt cultivation box to carry out planting.And when using the cultivation box plantation on the soil of barren lack of water or in the relatively more difficult environment of fetching water, make it that many limitation be arranged, and the present device that water is not provided for the vegetation box planting plants, even can automatically realize the water circulation that casing is interior from the air that certain humidity is arranged.
The utility model content
For addressing the above problem, the utility model provides plant cultivation device, can be used in water planting and earth culture and water, earth culture mixed planting, insolation proof is rainproof, can also from the air of certain humidity, collect moisture, water, earth culture vegetation box can be applied in the more environment, also have automatic adjusting water level and make case interior water automatic cycle and recovery.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
Plant cultivation device, comprise cultivation box, also comprise central controller, tank, water level controller, tap water supply module and solar energy water module processed, described cultivation box comprises casing, stand tube and protection top, described stand tube is fixed on the described casing and is supporting described protection top, described casing is provided with filter screen and described filter screen and described casing and forms area of isolation, described casing also be provided with draining water inlet and described draining water inlet be arranged in the area of isolation of described filter screen and described casing, described central controller respectively with described solar energy water module processed, the tap water supply module is connected with water level controller, described water level controller is connected with described tank is two-way, described solar energy water module processed be connected the running water module and be connected with described tank respectively, described stand tube is connected with tank, and described cultivation box is connected with water level controller.
Further, described filter screen is arranged on the lower end of described cultivation box.Described draining water inlet be arranged on the side of described casing.Described draining water inlet be provided with one or more.Four jiaos are provided with the first jack on the described casing, and described stand tube is fixed on the described casing by described the first jack, and described protection top is provided with described the second jack, and described stand tube supports described protection top by described the second jack.Both sides of the edge, described protection top are provided with baffle plate, and described protection withstands on described stand tube upper end position and is provided with osculum.Four jiaos of the bottoms of described cultivation box all are provided with the 3rd jack.Be provided with between described the first jack jack and described the 3rd jack and cut off circle.
Further, described solar energy water-producing apparatus, comprise for airborne moisture from out moisture filter, humidity sensor, accumulator and solar light irradiation angle-tracking unit.
The beneficial effect of this utility model is: the plant cultivation device of above-mentioned structure, the planting patterns of hydroponic plant and earth culture plant is combined, realize efficient purpose of irrigating from root automatically, save water resource, nursing time and human cost have been reduced, make the plantation of plant more simple, realize industrialized agricultural production.Also can effectively utilize the balcony of office, unit, factory, building to carry out the plantation of organic vegetable, flowers and plants, can not cause the moist ponding of balcony or balcony, easy for people to use, especially be fit to fairly large plantation user.Plant cultivation device is put in soil in barren lack of water, can the native availability in Effective Raise ground.In addition, because the setting of filter screen, isolation earth prevents that nutrient from following soil erosion and stopping up draining/water inlet, and is provided with the protection top, can the anti-heavy rain of insolation proof, and protective plant is grown better effectively.
Rainwater recycle and circulatory function have been realized in this device, solar energy water processed and tap water supply dual mode are provided, the moisture of energy assurance device is in liberal supply, and in solar energy water module processed, the solar light irradiation angle-tracking unit has been installed, can adjust according to the lighting angle of sunlight, utilize more efficiently solar energy.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the stereogram of the utility model casing;
Fig. 2 is this practical water circulation work schematic diagram.
Among the figure, 1, casing; 2, stand tube; 3, protection top; 4, filter screen; 5, draining/water inlet; 6, the first jack; 7, the second jack; 8, the 3rd jack; 9, osculum; 10, baffle plate.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further described:
Plant cultivation device, comprise cultivation box, also comprise central controller, tank, water level controller, tap water supply module and solar energy water module processed, described cultivation box comprises casing 1, stand tube 2 and protection top 3, described stand tube 2 is fixed on the described casing 1 and is supporting described protection top 3, described casing 1 is provided with filter screen 4 and described filter screen 4 and described casing 1 and forms area of isolation, described casing 1 also be provided with draining water inlet and described draining water inlet be arranged in the area of isolation of described filter screen 4 and described casing 1, described central controller respectively with described solar energy water module processed, the tap water supply module is connected with water level controller, described water level controller is connected with described tank is two-way, described solar energy water module processed be connected the running water module and be connected with described tank respectively, described stand tube 2 is connected with tank, and described cultivation box is connected with water level controller.
Further, described filter screen 4 is arranged on the lower end of described cultivation box.Described draining water inlet be arranged on the side of described casing 1.Described draining water inlet be provided with one or more.Four jiaos of described casing 1 upper ends are provided with the first jack 6, and described stand tube 2 is fixed on the described casing 1 by described the first jack 6, and described protection top 3 is provided with described the second jack 7, and described stand tube 2 supports described protection by described the second jack 7 and pushes up 3.Described protection is pushed up 3 both sides of the edge and is provided with baffle plate 10, and described protection top 3 is provided with osculum 9 at described stand tube 2 upper end positions.Four jiaos of the bottoms of described cultivation box all are provided with the 3rd jack 8.Be provided with between described the first jack 6 jacks and described the 3rd jack 8 and cut off circle.
Further, described solar energy water-producing apparatus, comprise for airborne moisture from out moisture filter, humidity sensor, accumulator and solar light irradiation angle-tracking unit.
The first preferred version of the present utility model below is provided:
Below be mounting means of the present utility model:
As shown in Figure 1, the cultivation box part is installed first, saddle inserts respectively first jack 6 at four angles of cultivation box, described stand tube 2 supports protection top 3 by the second jack 7, described protection top 3 can be transparent or semitransparent plastic material, and has Process, and this protection top 3 can see through a small amount of rainwater, can reach the function of anti-heavy rain and insolation proof (being mainly antiultraviolet), realize simple chamber planting.Then as shown in Figure 2, EGR is installed, with central controller respectively with solar energy water module processed, the tap water supply module is connected with the water level control module, wherein the connected mode between central controller and the water level control module is implemented the two-way parallel join, the liquid fertilizer complementary module of wherein leading up to is connected with water level controller, another road directly is connected with water level controller, water level controller is arranged in the cultivation box and by draining/water inlet 5 and is connected with cultivation box, following described solar energy water module processed is connected with described tank respectively with the tap water supply module, and tank and water level controller are implemented two-way connected mode, in addition, tank is connected with protection top 3 by stand tube 2.
Below be working method of the present utility model:
Moisture is collected: as shown in Figure 2, the arrow direction be water shunting to direction, protection top 3 has rainwater collecting function, rainwater is from protection top 3 landings, and described baffle plate 10 makes rainwater drain into the second jack 7 places, flows into the tank place through stand tube 2 and collects rainwater.Can also collect moisture to storage tank by solar energy water module processed, specific as follows: when the humidity sensor in the solar energy water module processed is sensed airborne humidity and acquired a certain degree when cloudy day (for example at night or), the humidity sensor output correlation signal, moisture filter is started and start working, airborne moisture is cooled to water droplet again with the water droplet water conservancy diversion out.Certainly, also can start moisture filter by the switching device of manual control moisture filter in case of necessity and carry out work.In addition, also providing the tap water supply module is that tank supplies water.
Periodic duty: the function that the utility model can provide comprises that the water level that makes in the cultivation box is in steady state value; When making the interior water level of cultivation box drop to minimum point from peak, again from minimum point begin the to pour water position of original peak; The water of vegetation box is filled fast, and the moisture penetration plant keeps draining rapidly behind the certain hour again.As shown in Figure 2, the arrow direction be water shunting to direction, in order to realize these functions, behind the water level in water level controller is sensed cultivation box, the notice central controller takes appropriate measures, central controller goes to open the discharge outlet of tank by water level controller, then tank discharges water to cultivation box by water level controller, water flows in the casing from the draining/water inlet 5 of cultivation box, this moment, water level controller was monitored the water level in the cultivation box always, when water level is enough, central controller cuts out the discharge outlet of tank by water level controller, and the process of pouring water is finished, when need to discharge the interior water of cultivation box, central controller reclaims the water in the cultivation box and flows back to storage tank by water level controller, and water flows out casing from the draining/water inlet 5 of cultivation box.In addition, have more practicality in order to make the utility model, being connected between central controller and the water level controller replenished the liquid fertilizer complementary module, can be for replenishing of liquid fertilizer is provided in the cultivation box.
Solar energy water module processed during the utility model is abundant, utilize solar energy to be converted to electric energy power is provided, can certainly be that wind energy is converted to the TRT that electric energy or solar energy and wind energy mixing are converted to electric energy, when humidity sensor is sensed air and is reached certain humidity, just begin starting drive and carry out moisture in the filtered air, and the solar light irradiation angle-tracking unit has been installed in accumulator, can have been adjusted according to the lighting angle of sunlight, utilized more efficiently solar energy.
It should be noted that water collector is airborne moisture can be cooled to water droplet again with water droplet water conservancy diversion refrigeration plant out, these devices or equipment are prior art, repeat no more here.Moisture filter also can substitute with the refrigeration plant that airborne moisture can be cooled to water droplet.The utility model is realized efficient purpose of irrigating from root automatically, saves water resource, has reduced nursing time and human cost, makes the plantation of plant more simple, and the isolated earth of filter screen 4 meetings, prevents that earth runs off away from draining/water inlet 5.
The second preferred version of the present utility model below is provided:
Identical with the working method of the first preferred version, different is mounting means, mounting means in the second preferred version, above-mentioned cultivation box can be made up, a plurality of cultivation boxs are connected together by pipeline, draining/the water inlet 5 of previous cultivation box is connected with the draining/water inlet 5 of a rear cultivation box, realize that a plurality of casings 1 are connected in series irrigation system of formation, can also couple together first jack 6 of the 3rd jack 8 of the cultivation box of top with the cultivation box of below by stand tube 2, consist of the implant system of different layers, can select as required loop control, respectively control or whole control.It is convenient to irrigate, and easily realizes simple cheap extensive mechanization, the irrigation operation of automatic water-saving type.Can easily control the soak time of planting soil and the water level in the cultivation box.Especially be fit to fairly large plantation user, such as city office, factory etc.
The above describes this novel specific embodiment in detail.But should be appreciated that this novel embodiment is not limited in above-described embodiment, the description of above-described embodiment only is used for helping to understand this novel spirit.Under this novel spirit that discloses, to these novel various variation examples of doing, all fall in this novel protection domain.

Claims (9)

1. plant cultivation device, comprise cultivation box, it is characterized in that, also comprise central controller, tank, water level controller, tap water supply module and solar energy water module processed, described cultivation box comprises casing, stand tube and protection top, described stand tube is fixed on the described casing and is supporting described protection top, described casing is provided with filter screen and described filter screen and described casing and forms area of isolation, described casing also be provided with draining water inlet and described draining water inlet be arranged in the area of isolation of described filter screen and described casing, described central controller respectively with described solar energy water module processed, the tap water supply module is connected with water level controller, described water level controller is connected with described tank is two-way, described solar energy water module processed be connected the running water module and be connected with described tank respectively, described stand tube is connected with tank, and described cultivation box is connected with water level controller.
2. plant cultivation device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described filter screen is arranged on the lower end of described cultivation box.
3. plant cultivation device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described draining water inlet be arranged on the side of described casing.
4. plant cultivation device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described draining water inlet be provided with one or more.
5. plant cultivation device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: both sides of the edge, described protection top are provided with baffle plate, and described protection withstands on described stand tube upper end position and is provided with osculum.
6. plant cultivation device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: four jiaos are provided with the first jack on the described casing, described stand tube is fixed on the described cultivation box by described the first jack, described protection top is provided with described the second jack, and described stand tube supports described protection top by described the second jack.
7. plant cultivation device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: four jiaos of the bottoms of described cultivation box all are provided with the 3rd jack.
8. it is characterized in that according to claim 6 or 7 described plant cultivation devices: be provided with between described the first jack and described the 3rd jack and cut off circle.
9. plant cultivation device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described solar energy water-producing apparatus, comprise for airborne moisture from out moisture filter, humidity sensor, accumulator and solar light irradiation angle-tracking unit.
CN2012203184361U 2012-07-04 2012-07-04 Plant cultivation device Expired - Fee Related CN202819080U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012203184361U CN202819080U (en) 2012-07-04 2012-07-04 Plant cultivation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012203184361U CN202819080U (en) 2012-07-04 2012-07-04 Plant cultivation device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202819080U true CN202819080U (en) 2013-03-27

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012203184361U Expired - Fee Related CN202819080U (en) 2012-07-04 2012-07-04 Plant cultivation device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202819080U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104255426A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-01-07 王祥丽 Water planting box

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104255426A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-01-07 王祥丽 Water planting box

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130327

Termination date: 20140704

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model