CN202814740U - Saw-tooth crown manual direct-pressing root drill - Google Patents

Saw-tooth crown manual direct-pressing root drill Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202814740U
CN202814740U CN 201220561043 CN201220561043U CN202814740U CN 202814740 U CN202814740 U CN 202814740U CN 201220561043 CN201220561043 CN 201220561043 CN 201220561043 U CN201220561043 U CN 201220561043U CN 202814740 U CN202814740 U CN 202814740U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
root
depthkeeping
drill
direct press
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220561043
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙志虎
金光泽
王传宽
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Northeast Forestry University
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Northeast Forestry University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Northeast Forestry University filed Critical Northeast Forestry University
Priority to CN 201220561043 priority Critical patent/CN202814740U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202814740U publication Critical patent/CN202814740U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a saw-tooth crown manual direct-pressing root drill and belongs to a forest ecosystem root sampling tool. The root drill comprises a fixed depth scale drill barrel (1), a saw-tooth shaped drill head (2), a sleeving handle set (3) and a piston type soil ejector (4), wherein the saw-tooth shaped drill head (2) is screwed at the bottom end of the fixed depth scale drill barrel (1), the sleeving handle set (3) is configured on lateral side at the top end of the fixed depth scale drill barrel (1), and the piston type soil ejector (4) which moves vertically is arranged in the fixed depth scale drill barrel (1); and a soil genetic horizon observation window (5) is opened on the lateral side of the fixed depth scale drill barrel (1). According to the saw-tooth crown manual direct-pressing root drill, roots are easy to cut, and the drill head is not easy to abrade; the drill is easy to be pushed into deep soil layers; different soil layer root sampling is facilitated according to the soil genetic horizon; and soil in the drill barrel is easy to be removed, and the speed is rapid.

Description

Sawtooth is preced with manual direct press type root and is bored
Technical field
Sawtooth is preced with manual direct press type root brill and is belonged to forest ecosystem root sampling instrument.
Background technology
Root system of plant, especially radicula are the important component parts in forest ecosystem carbonaceous subterranean storehouse.The accurate estimation of ecosystem root biomass can affect the estimation effect of ecosystem carbon density.About the method for estimation of ecosystem root biomass, there are the method for entirely digging and root to bore method.Although the method for digging can be estimated individual plant fine-root biomass comparatively accurately entirely, but be subjected to the restriction of manpower and financial resources, especially full the method for digging need to dig out root system, destroy the restriction in forest land, entirely digs method and is not suitable for the estimation of the forest ecosystem root biomass take arbor as sociales.Although root bores the restriction that method is subjected to root drill bit diameter, can not estimate thick root, but can estimate the biomass of radicula, and to the destruction of forest ecosystem much smaller than entirely digging method, so the root method of boring obtains widely applying in the estimation of forest ecosystem Fine Root Biomass.
Root bores the used root of method and bores many by the earth boring auger replacement in the agricultural soil research.Because agricultural land soil is much different from the forest soil existence, far more than agricultural soil, therefore can there be following shortcoming in earth boring auger as the root brill such as the soil intrusions such as root system and chad in the forest soil:
1) the earth boring auger drill bit is cut the root difficulty, and drill bit is easy to wear;
2) drill bit advances difficulty to dark soil layer;
3) be difficult for carrying out the sampling of different soil root system according to soil genetic horizon;
4) the release difficulty of the soil in drill bit or the drilling pipe or speed to introduce are low.
Summary of the invention
In order to address the above problem, the utility model has designed a kind of sawtooth and has been preced with manual direct press type root and bores, and this root bores and compares earth boring auger, and it is easy to have a root of cutting, and drill bit is not easy to wear; The soil layer propelling is easy deeply in soil; Be easy to carry out the sampling of different soil root system according to soil genetic horizon; Soil shifts out easily in the drilling pipe, and fireballing advantage.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that
Sawtooth is preced with manual direct press type root and is bored, comprise depthkeeping scale drilling pipe, screw in the sawtooth drill bit of depthkeeping scale drilling pipe bottom, be configured in the bushing type handle suit of side, depthkeeping scale drilling pipe top, at the inner up and down piston type soil body pusher of depthkeeping scale drilling pipe; The side of described depthkeeping scale drilling pipe has the soil genetic horizon view window.
Above-mentioned sawtooth is preced with manual direct press type root and is bored, described bushing type handle suit comprises the single direct press type handle that is fixedly connected on two ends, side, depthkeeping scale drilling pipe top, be placed in the double manual direct press type handle of single direct press type handle, be placed in the single manual direct press type handle of pedal of single direct press type handle.
Above-mentioned sawtooth is preced with manual direct press type root and is bored, and described depthkeeping scale drilling pipe top is removably connected with the drilling rod fixed support, and drilling rod passes the drilling rod fixed support along depthkeeping scale drilling pipe direction, is connected with piston type soil body pusher in the bottom.
Above-mentioned sawtooth is preced with manual direct press type root and is bored, and described drilling rod top is removably connected with handguard limit thruster.
Above-mentioned sawtooth is preced with manual direct press type root and is bored, and described handguard limit thruster top is removably connected with the double-purpose handle.
Because being preced with manual direct press type root brill, the utility model sawtooth comprises depthkeeping scale drilling pipe, screw in the sawtooth drill bit of depthkeeping scale drilling pipe bottom, be configured in the bushing type handle suit of side, depthkeeping scale drilling pipe top, at the inner up and down piston type soil body pusher of depthkeeping scale drilling pipe; The side of described depthkeeping scale drilling pipe has the soil genetic horizon view window; This design so that this root drilling tool to cut root easy, drill bit is not easy to wear; The soil layer propelling is easy deeply in soil; Be easy to carry out the sampling of different soil root system according to soil genetic horizon; Soil shifts out easily in the drilling pipe, and fireballing advantage.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that the utility model sawtooth is preced with manual direct press type root brill structural representation.
Fig. 2 is bushing type handle suit synoptic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the annexation figure of piston type soil body pusher and drilling rod.
Among the figure: 1 depthkeeping scale drilling pipe, 2 sawtooth drill bits, 3 bushing type handles suit, 31 single direct press type handles, 32 double manual direct press type handles, the single manual direct press type handle of 33 pedals, 4 piston type soil body pushers, 5 soil genetic horizon view windows, 6 drilling rod fixed supports, 7 drilling rods, 8 handguards limit thruster, 9 double-purpose handles.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model embodiment is described in further detail.
The sawtooth of present embodiment is preced with manual direct press type root and is bored structural representation as shown in Figure 1, this root bores and comprises depthkeeping scale drilling pipe 1, screw in the sawtooth drill bit 2 of depthkeeping scale drilling pipe 1 bottom, be configured in the bushing type handle suit 3 of side, depthkeeping scale drilling pipe 1 top, at the up and down piston type soil body pusher 4 in depthkeeping scale drilling pipe 1 inside; The side of described depthkeeping scale drilling pipe 1 has soil genetic horizon view window 5.
Described bushing type handle suit 3 comprises the single direct press type handle 31 that is fixedly connected on two ends, side, depthkeeping scale drilling pipe 1 top, be placed in the double manual direct press type handle 32 of single direct press type handle 31, be placed in the single manual direct press type handle 33 of pedal of single direct press type handle 31, as shown in Figure 2.
Described depthkeeping scale drilling pipe 1 top is removably connected with drilling rod fixed support 6, and drilling rod 7 passes drilling rod fixed support 6 along depthkeeping scale drilling pipe 1 direction, is connected with piston type soil body pusher 4 in the bottom; Described drilling rod 7 tops are removably connected with handguard limit thruster 8; Described handguard limit thruster 8 tops are removably connected with double-purpose handle 9.
The using method that this sawtooth is preced with manual direct press type root brill is as follows:
Method one:
1. the single direct press type handle 31 at two ends, single hand-held depthkeeping scale drilling pipe 1 top;
2. single clockwise vertical compression rotation depthkeeping scale drilling pipe 1 makes sawtooth drill bit 2 advance to dark soil layer;
3. observe the scale on the depthkeeping scale drilling pipe 1, when sawtooth drill bit 2 reached predetermined depth soil layer bottom, the depthkeeping scale drilling pipe 1 of stopping the rotation was also extracted it from soil layer;
4. one hand is being carried single direct press type handle 31, and the soil body that another has pulled double-purpose handle 9 and has impacted in the drilling pipe with piston type soil body pusher 4 makes the soil body release from soil genetic horizon view window 5 or sawtooth drill bit 2;
5. collect from the soil body of soil genetic horizon view window 5 or sawtooth drill bit 2 releases, carry out the sorting of root system.
Method two:
1. doublely respectively hold a double manual direct press type handle 32 it is enclosed within single direct press type handle 31 outer ends;
2. double clockwise vertical compression rotation depthkeeping scale drilling pipe 1 makes sawtooth drill bit 2 advance to darker soil layer ";
3. with method one;
4. double one hand is being carried single direct press type handle 31, and another hand impacts the anvil on double-purpose handle 9 tops with iron hammer, and the soil body that piston type soil body pusher 4 is promoted in the drilling pipes makes the soil body release from soil genetic horizon view window 5 or sawtooth drill bit 2;
5. with method one.
Method three:
1. the single manual direct press type handle 33 of pedal is enclosed within single direct press type handle 31 outer ends;
2. a people stands on the pedal of the single manual direct press type handle 33 of pedal, another people single manual direct press type handle 33 of pedal that turns clockwise, depthkeeping scale drilling pipe 1 is turned clockwise, by people's Action of Gravity Field, sawtooth drill bit 2 is advanced to darker soil layer;
3. with method one;
4. observe soil genetic horizon in the drilling pipe by soil genetic horizon view window 5, distribute according to the soil genetic horizon of observing with the soil cutter, earth pillar in the depthkeeping scale drilling pipe 1 is carried out Slice by slice cutting, the soil body of different soils genetic horizon is manually shifted out from soil genetic horizon view window 5 or sawtooth drill bit 2;
5. with method one.

Claims (5)

1. sawtooth is preced with manual direct press type root brill, it is characterized in that comprising depthkeeping scale drilling pipe (1), screw in the sawtooth drill bit (2) of depthkeeping scale drilling pipe (1) bottom, be configured in the bushing type handle suit (3) of depthkeeping scale drilling pipe (1) side, top, at the inner up and down piston type soil body pusher (4) of depthkeeping scale drilling pipe (1); The side of described depthkeeping scale drilling pipe (1) has soil genetic horizon view window (5).
2. sawtooth according to claim 1 is preced with manual direct press type root brill, it is characterized in that described bushing type handle suit (3) comprises the single direct press type handle (31) that is fixedly connected on two ends, depthkeeping scale drilling pipe (1) side, top, be placed in the double manual direct press type handle (32) of single direct press type handle (31), be placed in the single manual direct press type handle of pedal (33) of single direct press type handle (31).
3. sawtooth according to claim 1 is preced with manual direct press type root brill, it is characterized in that described depthkeeping scale drilling pipe (1) top is removably connected with drilling rod fixed support (6), drilling rod (7) passes drilling rod fixed support (6) along depthkeeping scale drilling pipe (1) direction, is connected with piston type soil body pusher (4) in the bottom.
4. sawtooth according to claim 3 is preced with manual direct press type root brill, it is characterized in that described drilling rod (7) top is removably connected with handguard limit thruster (8).
5. sawtooth according to claim 4 is preced with manual direct press type root brill, it is characterized in that described handguard limit thruster (8) top is removably connected with double-purpose handle (9).
CN 201220561043 2012-10-30 2012-10-30 Saw-tooth crown manual direct-pressing root drill Expired - Fee Related CN202814740U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220561043 CN202814740U (en) 2012-10-30 2012-10-30 Saw-tooth crown manual direct-pressing root drill

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220561043 CN202814740U (en) 2012-10-30 2012-10-30 Saw-tooth crown manual direct-pressing root drill

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202814740U true CN202814740U (en) 2013-03-20

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103604662A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-02-26 中国科学院地球化学研究所 Constant volume type undisturbed soil strong collector and using method thereof
CN103954475A (en) * 2014-05-04 2014-07-30 青岛林川工程技术咨询有限公司 Dust taking apparatus for concrete of solid structure
CN104977182A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-10-14 贵州省环境科学研究设计院 Multifunctional layered soil sampler
CN105300724A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-02-03 中国水稻研究所 Field rice root system sampling device and method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103604662A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-02-26 中国科学院地球化学研究所 Constant volume type undisturbed soil strong collector and using method thereof
CN103954475A (en) * 2014-05-04 2014-07-30 青岛林川工程技术咨询有限公司 Dust taking apparatus for concrete of solid structure
CN103954475B (en) * 2014-05-04 2016-03-23 青岛林川工程技术咨询有限公司 Powder equipment got by a kind of entity structure concrete
CN104977182A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-10-14 贵州省环境科学研究设计院 Multifunctional layered soil sampler
CN105300724A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-02-03 中国水稻研究所 Field rice root system sampling device and method
CN105300724B (en) * 2015-10-30 2019-04-09 中国水稻研究所 Field rice root system sampler and method

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EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130320

Termination date: 20151030