CN202787557U - Fireproof self-insulation brickwork wall with light cores - Google Patents

Fireproof self-insulation brickwork wall with light cores Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202787557U
CN202787557U CN 201220365659 CN201220365659U CN202787557U CN 202787557 U CN202787557 U CN 202787557U CN 201220365659 CN201220365659 CN 201220365659 CN 201220365659 U CN201220365659 U CN 201220365659U CN 202787557 U CN202787557 U CN 202787557U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wall
layer
lightweight core
interior
heat preservation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220365659
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴志定
胡明
奚常
赵宁
吴仁海
叶冠宇
周文高
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ZHEJIANG DARCH CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO Ltd
NINGBO HUAYI CONSTRUCTION CO Ltd
Original Assignee
ZHEJIANG DARCH CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO Ltd
NINGBO HUAYI CONSTRUCTION CO Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by ZHEJIANG DARCH CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO Ltd, NINGBO HUAYI CONSTRUCTION CO Ltd filed Critical ZHEJIANG DARCH CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO Ltd
Priority to CN 201220365659 priority Critical patent/CN202787557U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202787557U publication Critical patent/CN202787557U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a fireproof self-insulation brickwork wall with light cores. The fireproof self-insulation brickwork wall with the light cores comprises an inner wall and an outer wall, and is characterized in that an air duct is arranged between the outer wall and the inner wall, vent pipes arranged in the inner wall and the outer wall are communicated with the air duct, ventilation pipe caps convenient to open and close are arranged at orifices of the vent pipes, a fireproof layer and an insulation soundproof layer are respectively sequentially arranged on one side, facing the air duct, of each of the inner wall and the outer wall, one light core is arranged between the outer wall and the fireproof layer as well as between the inner wall and the fireproof layer, and vertical reinforcing ribs are arranged in the light cores; U-shaped steel bars connected with the light cores are uniformly arranged in adhesive mortar of bricks on the inner side of the inner wall and the outer wall, and horizontally netted reinforcing ribs are arranged in all the inner wall, the outer wall and the light cores. The fireproof self-insulation brickwork wall has the advantages of light weight, good waterproof, insulation and soundproof effect, resistance to cracking and deformation and can be used as a bearing wall or non-bearing wall.

Description

A kind of lightweight core fireproofing heat preservation masonry wall
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of masonry wall, particularly a kind of lightweight core fireproofing heat preservation masonry wall.Belong to building engineering field, be applicable to use as load bearing wall or nonbearing wall in the construction work.
Background technology
Body of wall is the important component part of building, and its effect is load-bearing, go along with sb. to guard him or the compartment etc.Body of wall is different according to the structure stress situation, is divided into load bearing wall and nonbearing wall.All walls that directly bears roof, top, load that floor transmits claim load bearing wall; All walls that does not bear upper load claim nonbearing wall, and nonbearing wall comprises partition wall, infilled wall and curtain wall.Partition wall plays a part to separate the interior space, should satisfy the requirements such as sound insulation, fire prevention, and its weight is subjected to by floor or joist support; Infilled wall generally is filled between the post wall of frame construction; Curtain wall then is the lightweight exterior wall that hangs between external skeletal or the floor.
Masonry structure is to build the wall that forms by laying bricks or stones by bulk and mortar, comprises the block structure of brick structure, stone structure and other material, also is divided into non-reinforced masonry structure and reinforced masonry structure.Because advantages such as building block and building materials can be gathered materials on the spot, and have good durability, and are cheap, masonry structure is used widely in China.
In the Practical Project, body of wall also needs to have the performances such as light weight, fire prevention, waterproof, insulation, sound insulation concurrently except having the bearing wall performance, has also occurred multiple light weight wall in the existing market at present, and the novel walls such as fireproof thermal insulation wall satisfy different demand in the building.
At present, the kind of light partition wall material that is used for nonbearing wall on the market is a lot, main use Thistle board partition wall, calcium silicate board partition wall and carpentery workshop partition wall etc. are arranged.All kinds of Light Walls are had nothing in common with each other at aspect of performances such as price, sound insulation value, metope carrying, hanging force and fire prevention, waterproof, but compare with clay solid brick, and its common characteristics are from heavy and light, the advantage such as cheap.The novel light walling mainly is to make with raw materials such as cement, lime, slag, sand, flyash, strings, generally has native, energy-conservation, the sharp useless advantage of joint, still have do not insulate against sound, partition wall is prone to the shortcomings such as crack.
At present heat-preserving wall generally adopts heat insulating material to be incubated processing, and energy-saving and heat-insulating material comprises organic (such as benzene plate, polyphenyl plate, extruded sheet, polystyrene foam plate, hard foam polyurethane, Merlon and phenolic aldehyde etc.), mineral-type (such as perlite and cement plate, foamed cement board, composition silicate, rock wool, steam pressure sand aerated concrete block, traditional thermal insulation mortar etc.) and composite material class (be polyphenyl, glass bead, granular polystyrene etc. such as metal clip central layer, core).It is fire-retardant that the organic heat insulating material all belongs to the B level basically in the above-mentioned heat insulating material, has certain combustibility, but still be widely adopted now; And easily carbonization under the phenolic aldehyde high temperature does not have the effect of insulation; Rock wool is used in exterior-wall heat insulation, and suction is easily expanded, and is used for body of wall, comes off easily; To add cement in the tradition inorganic heat insulation material work progress, rubber powder, furring brick needs linked network, but the be full of cracks of cement, the aging meeting of rubber powder makes it to come off.
In sum, at present along with the development of body of wall application function and construction technology, the lightweight of body of wall, fireproof performance, heat-insulating property etc. are had higher requirement.And present widely used body of wall ubiquity body of wall function singleness can not have lightweight simultaneously concurrently, fire prevention, the characteristics such as insulation.Therefore, need a kind of easy construction of invention, fast, the light weight of speed of application badly, have simultaneously the performances such as fire prevention, waterproof, insulation, sound insulation, can be used as the Light Wall that load bearing wall or nonbearing wall use.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of lightweight core reinforced concrete wall, and fireprotection layer and insulation layer are bonded together in advance, and its inboard space that forms is as the ventilation interbed, and the outside and masonry wall are as the template of building lightweight core.Have easy construction, speed of application is fast, cost is low, has simultaneously the performances such as light weight, fire prevention, waterproof, insulation, sound insulation, can be used as load bearing wall or nonbearing wall and uses.
In order to realize above-mentioned technical purpose, the utility model has adopted following technical scheme:
A kind of lightweight core fireproofing heat preservation masonry wall is comprised of exterior wall, interior wall, between exterior wall and the interior wall ventilation stack is set, and the metope of exterior wall and interior wall arranges respectively wall face plastering mortar layer, interior metope plastering mortar layer; Interior wall and exterior wall frontage and airiness road one side set gradually respectively fireprotection layer, heat preservation and soundproof layer, between exterior wall and the fireprotection layer, between interior wall and the fireprotection layer lightweight core is set.
Inside and outside the U-shaped reinforcing bar that is connected with lightweight core evenly is set in the side building block adhesive mortar within the walls, vertical reinforced is set in the lightweight core.
On interior metope plastering mortar layer surface decorative layer is set also.
The logical width of cloth arranges the horizontal mesh reinforcement in masonry wall and lightweight core, and per 5 skin bricks arrange one deck horizontal mesh reinforcement.
Air chimney is set in the external and internal wall and connects the air chimney lid that the setting of the ventilation mouth of pipe is convenient to open and close with ventilation stack.
Lightweight core can adopt foam concrete, air bubble mix light-textured soil.
Wall construction speed of the present utility model is fast, have lightweight, barrier property is remarkable, fire prevention, waterproof, insulation, soundproof effect are good, the characteristics that crack resistance and anti-deformation are good, can be used as load bearing wall or nonbearing wall and use, meeting house architectural structure will be to the light-duty and requirement heat preservation energy-saving future development.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model lightweight core fireproofing heat preservation masonry wall cross-sectional drawing;
Fig. 2 is the utility model lightweight core fireproof thermal insulation wall cross section horizontal mesh reinforcement figure.
Among the figure: 1-wall face plastering mortar layer, 2-exterior wall, 3-lightweight core, 4-fireprotection layer, 5-heat preservation and soundproof layer, metope plastering mortar layer 8-decorative layer in the 6-interior wall, 7-, 9-ventilation stack, 10-air chimney, 11-air chimney lid, 12-vertical reinforced, 13-U steel bar, 14-horizontal mesh reinforcement.
Specific embodiment
The material parameter of block wall and the requirement of layering application process, arrangement of reinforcement, precasting process, assembly unit requirement etc. are not repeated in the present embodiment, and emphasis is set forth the embodiment that the utility model relates to structure.
Fig. 1 is the utility model lightweight core fireproofing heat preservation masonry wall cross-sectional drawing, with reference to shown in Figure 1, a kind of lightweight core fireproofing heat preservation masonry wall, formed by exterior wall 2, interior wall 6, ventilation stack 9 is set between exterior wall and the interior wall, the metope of exterior wall and interior wall arranges respectively wall face plastering mortar layer 1, interior metope plastering mortar layer 7, in interior metope plastering mortar layer 7 inboard decorative layer 8 is set also; Interior wall and exterior wall frontage and airiness road 9 one sides set gradually respectively fireprotection layer 4, heat preservation and soundproof layer 5, between exterior wall and the fireprotection layer 4, between interior wall and the fireprotection layer 4 lightweight core 3 is set, inside and outside the U-shaped reinforcing bar 13 that is connected with lightweight core 3 evenly is set in the side building block adhesive mortar within the walls, vertical reinforced 12 is set in the lightweight core 3.
Present embodiment, body of wall gross thickness are 240mm, and exterior wall 2, interior wall 6 thickness are 53mm, adopt fired common brick, and wall face plastering mortar layer 1, interior metope plastering mortar layer 7 thickness are 15mm.
Intermediate gaps between the interior exterior wall is as ventilation stack 9, and the width of ventilation stack 9 is 10mm.Air chimney 10 is set in body of wall and connects with ventilation stack 9, air chimney 10 adopts the PVC plastic pipe of external diameter 50mm, wall thickness 2mm, is connected with the heat preservation and soundproof layer with fireprotection layer 4 in advance to be connected, and air chimney 10 outer ends arrange the air chimney of being convenient to open and close and cover 11.
It is the foam glass board of 10mm that fireprotection layer 4 is selected thickness, and preservative treatment is done on the surface, and heat preservation and soundproof layer 5 selects the inorganic active wall heat-insulating and noise-insulating material to make, and its thickness is 15mm, and intensity and the connecting method of fireprotection layer 4 and heat preservation and soundproof layer 5 meet design requirement.Fireprotection layer 4, heat preservation and soundproof layer 5 are bonded together in advance, set in advance the inboard at exterior wall 2 and interior wall 6 before masonry wall is built by laying bricks or stones.
The PLASTIC LAMINATED of interior exterior wall and fireprotection layer is as the formwork for placing of lightweight core, and the thickness of lightweight core 3 is 22mm, adopts unit weight to be not more than 6KN/m3, Mined scale strength and should satisfy 28 days intensity 〉=0.8Mpa, degree of mobilization at the cellular concrete of 180mm ± 20mm.
U-shaped reinforcing bar 13 is chosen the reinforcing bar that diameter is 6.5mm, and its U character segment radius is 14.3mm, and the length that is embedded in body of wall power is 26.5mm.It is the reinforcing bar of 12mm that vertical reinforced 12 adopts diameter, arranges according to designing requirement.
Horizontal mesh reinforcement 14 is logical width of cloth setting in masonry and lightweight core, and per 5 skin bricks arrange one deck horizontal mesh reinforcement 14.Fig. 2 is the utility model lightweight core fireproof thermal insulation wall cross section horizontal mesh reinforcement figure, with reference to shown in Figure 2, and the weld type high-strength steel mesh of mesh size 100mm * 100mm that the braided steel wire of horizontal mesh reinforcement 14 employing diameter 3mm forms.
The utility model lightweight core fireproofing heat preservation masonry wall, its job practices is as follows:
(1) at precasting yard or scene, at first fireprotection layer 4 and heat preservation and soundproof layer 5 are bonded together, air chimney 10 is installed; According to the construction line-putting, it is arranged on the body of wall precalculated position.
(2) carry out the building construction of exterior wall 2 and interior wall 6, and lay U-shaped reinforcing bar 13 and horizontal mesh reinforcement 14 according to designing requirement, when building by laying bricks or stones to air chimney 10 position, mortar cover is set around air chimney 10.
(3) vertical reinforced 12 is set after, in the space that the inboard of ventilation interbed 9 outsides and exterior wall 2 and interior wall 6 forms, build lightweight core 3.
(4) carry out the construction of wall face plastering mortar layer 1, interior metope plastering mortar layer 7 and decorative layer 8.

Claims (5)

1. a lightweight core fireproofing heat preservation masonry wall is comprised of exterior wall, interior wall, it is characterized in that between exterior wall and the interior wall ventilation stack being set, and air chimney is set in the inside and outside body of wall and connects the air chimney lid that the setting of the ventilation mouth of pipe is convenient to open and close with ventilation stack;
Interior wall and exterior wall frontage and airiness road one side set gradually respectively fireprotection layer, heat preservation and soundproof layer, between exterior wall and the fireprotection layer, between interior wall and the fireprotection layer lightweight core is set, vertical reinforced are set in the lightweight core; The U-shaped reinforcing bar that is connected with lightweight core evenly is set in the external and internal wall medial surface building block adhesive mortar; The logical width of cloth arranges the horizontal mesh reinforcement in interior exterior wall and lightweight core.
2. lightweight core fireproofing heat preservation masonry wall according to claim 1 is characterized in that the metope of exterior wall and interior wall arranges respectively wall face plastering mortar layer, interior metope plastering mortar layer.
3. lightweight core fireproofing heat preservation masonry wall according to claim 2 is characterized in that on interior metope plastering mortar layer surface decorative layer being set also.
4. lightweight core fireproofing heat preservation masonry wall according to claim 1 is characterized in that it is material that lightweight core adopts foam concrete, air bubble mix light-textured soil.
5. lightweight core fireproofing heat preservation masonry wall according to claim 1 is characterized in that fireprotection layer, heat preservation and soundproof layer are bonded together in advance, set in advance the inboard at external and internal wall before building wall.
CN 201220365659 2012-07-26 2012-07-26 Fireproof self-insulation brickwork wall with light cores Expired - Fee Related CN202787557U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220365659 CN202787557U (en) 2012-07-26 2012-07-26 Fireproof self-insulation brickwork wall with light cores

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220365659 CN202787557U (en) 2012-07-26 2012-07-26 Fireproof self-insulation brickwork wall with light cores

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202787557U true CN202787557U (en) 2013-03-13

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105698331A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-06-22 吉林建筑大学 Fresh air device for house and production method of fresh air device
CN109750766A (en) * 2018-12-04 2019-05-14 温州职业技术学院 Energy saving composite self heat insulation wall for building
CN113047504A (en) * 2021-03-26 2021-06-29 上海知贤装饰设计有限公司 Anti-cracking gypsum board and ceiling process thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105698331A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-06-22 吉林建筑大学 Fresh air device for house and production method of fresh air device
CN109750766A (en) * 2018-12-04 2019-05-14 温州职业技术学院 Energy saving composite self heat insulation wall for building
CN113047504A (en) * 2021-03-26 2021-06-29 上海知贤装饰设计有限公司 Anti-cracking gypsum board and ceiling process thereof
CN113047504B (en) * 2021-03-26 2022-08-23 上海知贤装饰设计有限公司 Anti-cracking gypsum board and ceiling process thereof

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130313

Termination date: 20150726

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model