CN202748664U - Remote oil well monitoring and managing system based on embedded technology and wireless network - Google Patents

Remote oil well monitoring and managing system based on embedded technology and wireless network Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN202748664U
CN202748664U CN2012204943985U CN201220494398U CN202748664U CN 202748664 U CN202748664 U CN 202748664U CN 2012204943985 U CN2012204943985 U CN 2012204943985U CN 201220494398 U CN201220494398 U CN 201220494398U CN 202748664 U CN202748664 U CN 202748664U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
data input
monitoring
data
output terminal
control module
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012204943985U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
成宝芝
刘开绪
郭宗光
郭险峰
齐凤河
Original Assignee
中国石油天然气集团公司
大庆石油管理局
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中国石油天然气集团公司, 大庆石油管理局 filed Critical 中国石油天然气集团公司
Priority to CN2012204943985U priority Critical patent/CN202748664U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202748664U publication Critical patent/CN202748664U/en

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The utility model discloses a remote oil well monitoring and managing system based on the embedded technology and the wireless network. Signal output ends of an electric energy chip, a temperature sensor and a pressure sensor are respectively connected with the signal input end of a main control module; the data input and output end of the main control module is connected with the data input and output end of a terminal Zigbee transmission module; the data input and output end of a Zigbee data transmission module is connected with the data input and output end of a control module; the data input and output end of a GPRS data transmission module is connected with the data input and output end of the control module; the data input and output end of a monitoring computer is connected with the data input and output end of the GPRS data transmission module; and the data input and output end of the monitoring computer is connected with the data input and output end of a server. According to the remote oil well monitoring and managing system based on the embedded technology and the wireless network provided by the utility model, monitored data of the oil well at work can be actively and passively acquired in real time, thereby reducing cost of data acquisition, and improving accuracy, instantaneity and working efficiency of the data acquisition.

Description

Long-range oil-well management system for monitoring based on embedded technology and wireless network

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of long-range oil-well management system for monitoring based on embedded technology and wireless network, belongs to oilwell parameter acquisition technique field.

Background technology

Since the nineties, the degree of the automation and networking management of oil well improves day by day, but because the oil well major part all is distributed in ungetable field and quantity is very many, the conventional well data acquisition mode that adopts mostly need to patrol the well workman and check meter to the scene, this mode not only wastes time and energy, and increases maintenance cost; And, because some human factors might also can affect the accuracy of data.Although the improved procedure that utilizes radio frequency chip to gather as well data, make and patrol the well personnel and can carry out data acquisition and analysis away from oil well, but this mode still needs personnel to arrive oil wells in field, and once can only the data of minority oil well be gathered, and work efficiency is still very low.

The utility model content

The utility model provides a kind of long-range oil-well management system for monitoring based on embedded technology and wireless network, to solve the problem that maintenance cost is higher, accuracy is relatively poor, work efficiency is lower that exists in the existing oilwell parameter acquisition technique, the utility model adopts following technical scheme for this reason:

A kind of long-range oil-well management system for monitoring based on embedded technology and wireless network, comprise the wireless terminal data collecting unit, cordless communication network and monitoring management center, the wireless terminal data collecting unit comprises the main control module that adopts high-performance embedded processor, terminal Zigbee transport module, the electric flux chip, temperature sensor and pressure transducer, the electric flux signal output part of electric flux chip is connected with the electric flux signal input part of main control module, the temperature signal output terminal of temperature sensor is connected with the temperature signal input end of main control module, the pressure signal output terminal of pressure transducer is connected with the pressure signal input end of main control module, and the wireless data input/output terminal of main control module is connected with the wireless data input/output terminal of terminal Zigbee transport module; Cordless communication network comprises control module, GPRS data transmission module and the Zigbee data transmission module that the high-performance arm processor consists of, the data input/output terminal of Zigbee data transmission module is connected with the Zigbee data input/output terminal of control module, and the first data input/output terminal of GPRS data transmission module is connected with the GPRS data input/output terminal of control module; The monitoring management center comprises server and the supervisory control comuter as storage Monitoring Data and warning information, the first data input/output terminal of supervisory control comuter is connected with the second data input/output terminal of GPRS data transmission module, and the second data input/output terminal of supervisory control comuter is connected with the data input/output terminal of server.

The utility model is by merging the characteristics and advantages of ZigBee and GPRS technology, in conjunction with high-performance embedded processor, consist of oil well long-distance wireless monitoring management system, various data in the time of just can working to all oil wells of monitoring at the monitoring management center are carried out real-time active and passive collection, not only reduced the data acquisition cost, and improved accuracy and the real-time of data acquisition, further improved work efficiency.

Description of drawings

In order to be illustrated more clearly in the technical scheme of the utility model embodiment, the accompanying drawing of required use was done to introduce simply during the below will describe embodiment, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes only is embodiment more of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skills, under the prerequisite of not paying creative work, can also obtain according to these accompanying drawings other accompanying drawing.

Fig. 1 is the structural representation based on the long-range oil-well management system for monitoring of embedded technology and wireless network that embodiment of the present utility model provides;

Fig. 2 is the circuit theory diagrams of the wireless terminal data collecting unit that provides of embodiment of the present utility model;

Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the pressure signal Acquisition Circuit of the pressure transducer that provides of embodiment of the present utility model;

Fig. 4 is the circuit theory diagrams of the cordless communication network via node that provides of embodiment of the present utility model;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation based on the software systems of the long-range oil-well management system for monitoring of embedded technology and wireless network that embodiment of the present utility model provides;

Fig. 6 is the monitoring management center main program circuit schematic diagram that embodiment of the present utility model provides;

Fig. 7 is the working state schematic representation of the whole system that provides of embodiment of the present utility model.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing among the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme among the utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment only is the utility model part embodiment, rather than whole embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skills are not making the every other embodiment that obtains under the creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.

A kind of long-range oil-well management system for monitoring based on embedded technology and wireless network that this embodiment provides, as shown in Figure 1, comprise the wireless terminal data collecting unit, cordless communication network and monitoring management center, the wireless terminal data collecting unit comprises the main control module 11 that adopts high-performance embedded processor, terminal Zigbee transport module 12, electric flux chip 13, temperature sensor 14 and pressure transducer 15, the electric flux signal output part of electric flux chip 13 is connected with the electric flux signal input part of main control module 11, the temperature signal output terminal of temperature sensor 14 is connected with the temperature signal input end of main control module 11, the pressure signal output terminal of pressure transducer 15 is connected with the pressure signal input end of main control module 11, and the wireless data input/output terminal of main control module 11 is connected with the wireless data input/output terminal of terminal Zigbee transport module 12; Cordless communication network comprises control module 21, Zigbee data transmission module 22 and the GPRS data transmission module 23 that the high-performance arm processor consists of, the data input/output terminal of Zigbee data transmission module 22 is connected with the Zigbee data input/output terminal of control module 21, and the first data input/output terminal of GPRS data transmission module 23 is connected with the GPRS data input/output terminal of control module 21; The monitoring management center comprises server 31 and the supervisory control comuter 32 as storage Monitoring Data and warning information, the first data input/output terminal of supervisory control comuter 32 is connected with the second data input/output terminal of GPRS data transmission module 23, and the second data input/output terminal of supervisory control comuter 32 is connected with the data input/output terminal of server 31.

Concrete, the wireless terminal data collecting unit mainly is comprised of main control module 11 (can adopt the STM32F103RBT6 chip), terminal Zigbee transport module 12 (can adopt wireless chip CC2430), electric flux chip 13, temperature sensor 14 and the pressure transducer 15 etc. that are used for three-phase voltage, electric current.The Monitoring Data that wireless terminal data collecting unit acquisition system needs and issue steering order, consist of wireless sensor network between each terminal Zigbee transport module 12 simultaneously, by the cordless communication network that is consisted of by Zigbee data transmission module 22 and GPRS data transmission module 23, the data communication device that collection is next is crossed the GPRS network long distance wireless and is transferred to the monitoring management center, and GPRS data transmission module 23 can adopt the SIM300 module.The circuit structure of whole wireless terminal data collecting unit as shown in Figure 2.Can finish connection, data acquisition and the storage of the various sensors of single well data collection needs as the terminal data collecting unit of core take the STM32F103RBT6 chip of up-to-date ARM kernel Cotex-M3; Reach data acquisition and the control such as voltage, electric current, temperature and pressure when oil well moved, can be connected with computing machine by RS-232 interface, by the well data that upper computer software is processed and storage collects, and carry out general analyzes and far-end is carried out necessary control.The wireless terminal data collecting unit can carry out active collection to all kinds of service datas of oil well, then being transferred to the monitoring management center analyzes and stores, and according to the abnormal data situation that occurs, oil well to far-end carries out necessary detection and control, and the reference frame of data aspect is provided for the normal operation of oil well.

Because that oil pumper uses is power frequency 50Hz, the three-phase voltage of 380V, so, the electric current and voltage observation circuit be finish analog current, voltage signal is converted to digital signal, then reads a class circuit of monitoring by single-chip microcomputer.It mainly comprises the devices such as voltage transformer (VT), current transformer and electric flux chip.Need input current, voltage two-way simulating signal in the control system, therefore will use multiway analog switch.Because the signal of sampling is a fast-changing signal, therefore before analog switch and A/D conversion chip, need add a sampling holder in addition.Keep current signal when the sampled voltage signal, the voltage and current signal of guarantee sampling is the value of synchronization like this.To the calculating of three-phase voltage and current effective value, adopt following formula in this embodiment.

Calculating voltage effective value formula is: U = 1 N Σ i = 1 N - 1 u i 2 - - - ( 1 )

The current effective value computing formula is: I = 1 N Σ l = 1 N - 1 i l 2 - - - ( 2 )

The voltage and current acquisition chip can adopt the ATT7022CU chip.This chip is a multi-function electricity fraudulent using-proof principal wave harmonic wave three-phase electric energy the special metering IC that precision is high and function is strong, it is integrated seven road second order sigma-delta ADC, wherein three the tunnel are used for the three-phase voltage sampling, three the tunnel are used for the three-phase current sampling, also has one tunnel sampling that can be used for neutral line current or other anti-electricity-theft parameters, output sampled data and effective value use very conveniently, and this chip is applicable to phase three-wire three and three-phase and four-line application.This chip is also integrated, and all comprise the digital signal processing circuit of every electric parameter measurement of first-harmonic, harmonic wave and all-wave, can measure respectively to reach mutually to close and comprise mutually first-harmonic, harmonic wave and all-wave active power, reactive power, applied power, meritorious energy and quadergy, simultaneously can also survey frequency, the parameters such as each phase current and voltage effective value, power factor, phase angle, two kinds of apparent electric energy (PQS, RMS) are provided.Support gain, the phase correction in digital territory, i.e. the pure software calibration.

Pressure transducer is installed on the petroleum pipeline, selects the sensor of corresponding range according to the pressure of institute's installation pipeline.According to the concrete condition of oil field petroleum pipeline, selected the HDP503 pressure transducer, the characteristic of this pressure transducer is as follows: range is 1 ~ 150Mpa, can satisfy actual needs; Supply voltage VT is direct current 24V, can select (4~20mA (two-wire system), 0~5V, 1~5V, 0~10V (three-wire system)) this two classes output signal mode, pressure transducer is according to the difference of petroleum pipeline pressure, send out different current values or magnitude of voltage, when the electric current of pressure transducer output is 4mA, voltage follower LM110 input pin input 1V voltage; When the electric current of pressure transducer output is 20mA, LM110 input pin input 5V voltage.Then voltage is input to the A/D of STM32F103RBT6, and according to different voltages, single-chip microcomputer can be judged the different pressures value.The pressure signal Acquisition Circuit as shown in Figure 3.

The circuit of cordless communication network as shown in Figure 4, it is the transmission core cell of whole management system for monitoring.In whole system, play a part to form a connecting link.The exchanges data of GPRS network and ZigBee-network is realized in the via node unit by the S3C2410 controller.Requirement based on the protocol conversion between Zigbee chip and the GPRS module, this embodiment provides the procotol converting unit based on these two kinds of wireless network chips, its task is to be responsible for the bi-directional data conversion of ZigBee and GPRS network, be one based on the transfer gateway of ZigBee and GPRS agreement.The below is given under the 32MHz system clock, with the part of original code of DMA to the inner write-in program of flash storage unit.

MOV??DPTR,#DMACFG

MOV??A,#SRC_HI

MOVX?@DPTR,A

INC??DPTR

MOV??A,#SRC_LO

MOVX???@DPTR,A

INC????DPTR

MOV????A,#0DFh

By to CC2430, S3C2410 and SIM300(GPRS module) analysis, on the basis of uClinux operating system program framed structure, set up two task ZigBee_T, GPRS_T, for avoiding data congestion, two message queues of system creation: GPRS_ZigBeeQ=ZSGCET (﹠amp; MsgQA[0], Q_Size), ZigBee_GPRSQ=ZSGCET (﹠amp; MsgQB[0], Q_Size).

The software systems based on the long-range oil-well management system for monitoring of embedded technology and wireless network of this embodiment are divided into three parts, are comprised of monitoring center software subsystem, cordless communication network software subsystem and wireless wireless terminal data collecting unit software subsystem.Fig. 5 has provided the structural drawing of whole software systems.Wherein slave computer software (comprising wireless terminal data acquisition software subsystem and cordless communication network via node software subsystem) is mainly developed with modular construction by C language, assembly language and embedded OS uClinux.And upper computer software (monitoring management center software subsystem) is developed with VC++6.0 and SQL Server database.

Monitoring management center operations system adopts the Windows2003Server Chinese edition, and database adopts SQL Server.To verify after the IP data that the GPRS network that receives server transmits.After the ready information of receiving from the monitoring management center, slave computer becomes prescribed form with the data organization that gathers, and sends to the monitoring management center by GPRS network, and the IP packet is read at the monitoring management center, and then the identifying information content is analyzed and shown.The socket control that monitoring center software is mainly used VC++6.0 is realized the transmitting-receiving of data, carries out the mutual of data by UDP or Transmission Control Protocol, realizes the communication of network.Monitoring center's main program flow chart as shown in Figure 6.As shown in Figure 6, the work of whole monitoring system is all take data monitoring and fault handling as core.Under the original state of system, the physical unit of system is that ZigBee wireless sensor network and GPRS network are carried out data acquisition and monitoring, if no problem then system will continue is in this state, break down if problem is arranged then illustrate in the monitored equipment, at this moment will show by alarm device, point out the corresponding staff place to go fault that haircut is given birth to.Simultaneously, system also can carry out stores processor and statistical study to gathering the remote data that comes.

This embodiment is utilized based on the oil well wireless remote monitoring system of embedded technology oil well is implemented performance monitoring and control protection, and the duty of whole system is that existing well maintenance mode is carried out improved a kind of excellent means as shown in Figure 7.Native system adopts high-performance embedded processor system as control and the communication core of far-end monitoring modular, utilizes ZigBee technology to consist of wireless sensor network, utilizes GPRS network to form the remote monitoring network.Correlation analysis shows, this programme has utilized the advantage of embedded technology, ZigBee and GPRS technology, has to transmit the advantages such as timely, reliable.And the extendability of native system is stronger, in actual applications can the flexible expansion function, and with adaption demand.Therefore, the design of native system has wide practical use.

The above; it only is the better embodiment of the utility model; but protection domain of the present utility model is not limited to this; anyly be familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the utility model embodiment discloses; the variation that can expect easily or replacement all should be encompassed within the protection domain of the present utility model.Therefore, protection domain of the present utility model should be as the criterion with the protection domain of claim.

Claims (7)

1. long-range oil-well management system for monitoring based on embedded technology and wireless network, comprise the wireless terminal data collecting unit, cordless communication network and monitoring management center, it is characterized in that, the wireless terminal data collecting unit comprises the main control module that adopts high-performance embedded processor, terminal Zigbee transport module, the electric flux chip, temperature sensor and pressure transducer, the electric flux signal output part of electric flux chip is connected with the electric flux signal input part of main control module, the temperature signal output terminal of temperature sensor is connected with the temperature signal input end of main control module, the pressure signal output terminal of pressure transducer is connected with the pressure signal input end of main control module, and the wireless data input/output terminal of main control module is connected with the wireless data input/output terminal of terminal Zigbee transport module; Cordless communication network comprises control module, GPRS data transmission module and the Zigbee data transmission module that the high-performance arm processor consists of, the data input/output terminal of Zigbee data transmission module is connected with the Zigbee data input/output terminal of control module, and the first data input/output terminal of GPRS data transmission module is connected with the GPRS data input/output terminal of control module; The monitoring management center comprises server and the supervisory control comuter as storage Monitoring Data and warning information, the first data input/output terminal of supervisory control comuter is connected with the second data input/output terminal of GPRS data transmission module, and the second data input/output terminal of supervisory control comuter is connected with the data input/output terminal of server.
2. the long-range oil-well management system for monitoring based on embedded technology and wireless network according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described main control module adopts the STM32F103RBT6 chip.
3. the long-range oil-well management system for monitoring based on embedded technology and wireless network according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described terminal Zigbee transport module adopts the CC2430 chip.
4. the long-range oil-well management system for monitoring based on embedded technology and wireless network according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described electric flux chip adopts the ATT7022CU chip.
5. the long-range oil-well management system for monitoring based on embedded technology and wireless network according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described pressure transducer adopts the HDP503 pressure transducer.
6. the long-range oil-well management system for monitoring based on embedded technology and wireless network according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described control module adopts the S3C2410 chip.
7. the long-range oil-well management system for monitoring based on embedded technology and wireless network according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described GPRS data transmission module adopts the SIM300 module.
CN2012204943985U 2012-09-25 2012-09-25 Remote oil well monitoring and managing system based on embedded technology and wireless network CN202748664U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012204943985U CN202748664U (en) 2012-09-25 2012-09-25 Remote oil well monitoring and managing system based on embedded technology and wireless network

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012204943985U CN202748664U (en) 2012-09-25 2012-09-25 Remote oil well monitoring and managing system based on embedded technology and wireless network

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202748664U true CN202748664U (en) 2013-02-20

Family

ID=47708032

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012204943985U CN202748664U (en) 2012-09-25 2012-09-25 Remote oil well monitoring and managing system based on embedded technology and wireless network

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202748664U (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103150882A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-06-12 哈尔滨工业大学 Power monitoring system based on wireless transmission technique
CN103248542A (en) * 2013-03-28 2013-08-14 燕山大学 Gateway device base on multi-antenna data information fusion
CN103454999A (en) * 2013-08-23 2013-12-18 山东瑞博斯烟草有限公司 System and method for remotely monitoring tobacco sheet production line
CN104238515A (en) * 2014-09-11 2014-12-24 刘明 Oil field operating area production remote data analysis method based on big data
CN104898579A (en) * 2014-03-04 2015-09-09 沈阳中科奥维科技股份有限公司 Oil pumping well data acquisition control system and method based on wireless network
CN105511355A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-04-20 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Oil and gas well data comprehensive acquiring and processing device

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103150882A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-06-12 哈尔滨工业大学 Power monitoring system based on wireless transmission technique
CN103248542A (en) * 2013-03-28 2013-08-14 燕山大学 Gateway device base on multi-antenna data information fusion
CN103454999A (en) * 2013-08-23 2013-12-18 山东瑞博斯烟草有限公司 System and method for remotely monitoring tobacco sheet production line
CN103454999B (en) * 2013-08-23 2016-04-06 山东瑞博斯烟草有限公司 The long distance control system of tobacco sheet production line and method for supervising
CN104898579A (en) * 2014-03-04 2015-09-09 沈阳中科奥维科技股份有限公司 Oil pumping well data acquisition control system and method based on wireless network
CN104238515A (en) * 2014-09-11 2014-12-24 刘明 Oil field operating area production remote data analysis method based on big data
CN105511355A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-04-20 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Oil and gas well data comprehensive acquiring and processing device
CN105511355B (en) * 2015-12-30 2018-09-04 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 A kind of oil/gas well aggregation of data acquiring and processing device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102148864B (en) Photovoltaic generation and large public building integration wireless monitoring system
CN102928040B (en) Ship lock Multi-channel water level measuring system and filtering method
CN102096399B (en) Embedded energy data acquisition unit
CN104796082A (en) System and method for diagnosing faults of photovoltaic power generation systems in online manner
CN102427277B (en) Area intelligent power distribution network system
CN202486199U (en) Data acquisition unit of electronic type mutual inductor
CN203573481U (en) ZigBee technology-based wireless meter reading system
CN203414520U (en) Power transmission line arrester leakage current on-line monitoring system
CN104426950A (en) Electric power Internet of things intelligent communication method, system and gateway
CN102523272B (en) Electric energy measuring, controlling and protecting system
CN201742158U (en) Online monitoring device for power transformer
CN202351347U (en) Monitoring terminal device for distribution transformer
CN201707782U (en) Intelligent meter reading system based on GPRS (General Packet Radio Service)
CN102592424A (en) Wireless meter reading communication system
CN106997657A (en) Unify the protocol converter and its method of work of collection for multiclass meter data
CN202126611U (en) Embedded energy data acquisition device
CN102013155B (en) Remote meter reading system utilizing time division (TD) network and implementation method thereof
CN201698576U (en) Electricity utilization information collecting system and collector
CN103427489A (en) Intelligent substation comprehensive monitoring system
CN103067941B (en) Based on the multivariable distributed on line monitoring system of radio sensing network
CN102841293B (en) Fault positioning system for 10kV power distribution network circuit
CN102798786A (en) Universal intelligent lightning protection monitoring module and method
CN102735966A (en) Power transmission line evaluation and diagnosis system and power transmission line evaluation and diagnosis method
CN201034964Y (en) Wireless intelligent soil moisture automatic monitoring instrument
CN104732751A (en) Automatic meter reading system and automatic meter reading method based on RF (radio frequency) and GPRS (general packet radio service)/3G (the 3rd generation telecommunication)

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130220

Termination date: 20180925

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee