CN202714162U - Pecan husking machine - Google Patents

Pecan husking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202714162U
CN202714162U CN2012202690173U CN201220269017U CN202714162U CN 202714162 U CN202714162 U CN 202714162U CN 2012202690173 U CN2012202690173 U CN 2012202690173U CN 201220269017 U CN201220269017 U CN 201220269017U CN 202714162 U CN202714162 U CN 202714162U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
hickory nut
platen
push rod
power
ratchet
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012202690173U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐贤统
李科迪
郑燕南
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang University of Technology ZJUT
Original Assignee
Zhejiang University of Technology ZJUT
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang University of Technology ZJUT filed Critical Zhejiang University of Technology ZJUT
Priority to CN2012202690173U priority Critical patent/CN202714162U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202714162U publication Critical patent/CN202714162U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a pecan husking machine which comprises a pecan introducing part, a power part, a power synchronous transferring control part, a husking part and a pecan collecting part, wherein the power part further comprises a synchronous motor, a motor shaft and a second coupler; the power synchronous transferring control part further comprises a cam shaft, a first coupler, a four-rod mechanism, a ratchet wheel, a pawl and a press plate shaft; and the husking part further comprises a cam, a push rod, a spring, a reset spring, a linear bearing and a press plate. The pecan husking machine is used for husking pecan by utilizing a motor to match with a power device; the power device has a small size; and the cost is low.

Description

A kind of Hickory nut shelling machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to field of mechanical technique, relates to especially a kind of Hickory nut shelling machine.
Background technology
Traditional hickory nut method of peeling off is to break by the teeth or clip broken with pliers with tooth.But these methods are all pretty troublesome, concerning child old man, certain weak points such as infringement arranged.Then need the user to have larger power to be caught broken shell with pliers, this inconvenience concerning old man and child also more easily clips to finger.
On the market hickory nut peeled by hand is arranged now, although that it is tasted than non-hickory nut peeled by hand is more laborsaving, need to bite with the teeth and with the problem of pliers folder but can exist, and hickory nut peeled by hand more easily makes moist, so also exist some limitation.
Moreover be exactly the Hickory nut shelling machine that only has now industry, being applicable to the large-scale production of industry, can't use in the family.Existing Portable hickory decorticator, it is 200720184254.9 Hickory nut shelling machine such as the patent No., the decorticator that its technical problem that will solve provides should have the characteristics of easy accessibility, carrying convenience, and simple in structure, easy to manufacture, its scheme that adopts is: fuselage sections comprises horizontally disposed roll on frame, and is set with the stone roller cylinder that is fixed on the roll outside with one heart; The top of grinding cylinder circumferencial direction one end has charging aperture, and the downside that grinds the cylinder other end has discharging opening; The top of a side of described fuselage sections is the belt wheel that is sleeved on the roll axle head, gap bridge belt wheel and power rack are equipped with respectively in the centre of this side and bottom, other has a power section to be fixed on the power rack by securing member, in order to drive this decorticator work; Also have hopper part to dock with charging aperture by securing member and fix; Described power section is internal combustion engine; Described internal combustion engine is gasoline engine or diesel engine.This kind Hickory nut shelling machine can reach the effect of peeling off preferably, but uses as family, and its defective is also fairly obvious:
(1) use for family, its cost is too expensive;
(2) use for family, its volume is to still too huge.
When (3) using, the power section internal combustion engine, noise is excessive, and atmosphere pollution is also arranged.
Therefore, for the defects that exists in the present prior art, be necessary to study in fact, so that a kind of scheme to be provided, solve the defective that exists in the prior art, avoid causing the Hickory nut shelling machine cost high, volume is large and use internal combustion engine to produce atmosphere pollution.
The utility model content
For addressing the above problem, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of Hickory nut shelling machine, is used for utilizing motor to cooperate power set that hickory nut is peeled off, and the power set volume is little, and cost is low.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of Hickory nut shelling machine comprises that hickory nut imports parts, power part, power synchronous transmission control assembly, peel off parts and hickory nut collecting part, and wherein said power part further comprises synchronous motor, motor shaft and the second shaft coupling; Described power synchronous transmits control assembly and further comprises camshaft, the first shaft coupling, four-bar mechanism, ratchet, ratchet and platen axle; The described parts of peeling off further comprise cam, push rod, spring, retracting spring, linear bearing and platen;
Synchronous motor utilizes the second shaft coupling to be connected by motor shaft and camshaft,
Camshaft is fixedly connected with the mode of four-bar mechanism utilization welding, what described four-bar mechanism adopted is the crank rocker connecting rod, crank is connected on the camshaft, the rotating shaft of rocking bar is fixed on the sidewall, wear axle as the axis of rotation of ratchet in the rocking bar punching, spring is exerted pressure to ratchet, forces ratchet to be pressed on the ratchet; Ratchet and platen all are fixed together with the platen axle, uniform four platen holes on the sidewall of platen;
Camshaft and cam adopt and are welded to connect, cam directly contacts with push rod, promote push rod by the rise of cam and do the straight-line feed motion, the while is with retracting spring on the push rod, push rod is pressed on cam edge, make push rod can get back to original position after finishing extruding, and push rod leads by linear bearing, guarantee that it does rectilinear motion so that extruding falls into the hickory nut in platen hole
Described hickory nut imports parts and is used for holding hickory nut to be peeled off, and drives by gravity, enters the parts of peeling off, and the described parts of peeling off are peeled off under the dynamic action of power part and power synchronous transferring elements, strips shell and enters the hickory nut collecting part afterwards again.
Compare with the internal combustion engine Hickory nut shelling machine that prior art adopts, the utlity model has following beneficial effect:
(1) can realize automatically peeling off of hickory nut;
(2) adopt electric energy to drive Hickory nut shelling machine, do not produce pollution;
(3) make the hickory nut benevolence of cannot not peeling off brokenly by regulating the suitable angle of peeling off of hickory nut.。
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of the Hickory nut shelling machine of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the top view of the Hickory nut shelling machine of the utility model embodiment.
Description of reference numerals is as follows: the 1-ratchet; The 2-spring; The 3-ratchet; The 4-four-bar mechanism; The 5-conduit; 6-hickory nut charging hopper; 7-the first shaft coupling; The 8-guide rail; 9-hickory nut disposable box; The 10-synchronous motor; 11-the second shaft coupling; The 12-retracting spring; The 13-camshaft; The 14-cam; The 15-push rod; The 16-linear bearing; The 17-wedge angle; 18-platen hole; The 19-platen; The 20-rubber ring; 21-platen axle.
The specific embodiment
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explaining the utility model, and be not used in restriction the utility model.
On the contrary, the utility model contain any by claim definition in substituting of making of marrow of the present utility model and scope, modification, equivalent method and scheme.Further, in order to make the public the utility model is had a better understanding, in hereinafter details of the present utility model being described, detailed some specific detail sections of having described.There is not for a person skilled in the art the description of these detail sections can understand the utility model fully yet.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, a kind of Hickory nut shelling machine, comprise that hickory nut imports parts, power part, power synchronous transmission control assembly, peel off parts and hickory nut collecting part, wherein power part further comprises synchronous motor 10, motor shaft 22 and the second shaft coupling 11; Power synchronous transmits control assembly and further comprises camshaft 13, the first shaft coupling 7, four-bar mechanism 4, ratchet 3, ratchet 1 and platen axle 19; The parts of peeling off further comprise cam 14, push rod 15, spring 2, retracting spring 12, linear bearing 16 and platen 19; Synchronous motor 10 utilizes the second shaft coupling 11 to be connected by motor shaft 22 and camshaft 13, camshaft 13 utilizes the first shaft coupling 7 to be fixedly connected with pin with four-bar mechanism 4, what four-bar mechanism 4 adopted is the crank rocker connecting rod, crank is connected on the camshaft 13, the rotating shaft of rocking bar is fixed on the sidewall, wear axle as the axis of rotation of ratchet 1 in the rocking bar punching, 2 pairs of ratchets 1 of spring are exerted pressure, and force ratchet 1 to be pressed on the ratchet 3; Ratchet 3 all is fixed together uniform four platen holes 18 on the sidewall of platen 19 with platen 19 with platen axle 21; Camshaft 13 adopts with cam 14 and is welded to connect.Cam 14 directly contacts with push rod 15, promote push rod 15 by the rise of cam 14 and do the straight-line feed motion, the while is with retracting spring 12 on the push rod 15, push rod 15 is pressed on cam 14 edges, make push rod 15 after finishing extruding, can get back to original position, and push rod 15 leads by linear bearing 16, guarantee that it does rectilinear motion so that extruding falls into the hickory nut in platen hole 18, hickory nut imports parts and is used for holding hickory nut to be peeled off, and drive by gravity, enter the parts of peeling off, the parts of peeling off are peeled off under the dynamic action of power part and power synchronous transferring elements, strip shell and enter the hickory nut collecting part afterwards again.Hickory nut imports parts and further comprises hickory nut case 6, conduit 5 and rubber ring 20, hickory nut case 6 and conduit 5 gummeds, and rubber ring 20 and platen hole 18 interference fit realize that hickory nut can successfully enter platen in correct angle.The hickory nut collecting part further comprises platen hole 18, guide rail 8 and hickory nut disposable box 9, and guide rail 8 is fixed with side plate, and the hickory nut that fragmentation goes out drops on the guide rail 8 from platen hole 18, tumbles in the hickory nut disposable box 9 by guide rail 8.
It is to transmit control device by power synchronous to realize a kind of synchronized relation that the intermittence of peel off motion and the platen of push rod 15 is rotated.21mm, the wherein location of 20 pairs of hickory nuts of rubber ring are selected in the aperture in conduit 5 and platen hole 18.The rectilinear motion of push rod 15 is realized by linear bearing.The motion of cam 14 drives push rod 15, and push rod 15 motions realize peeling off.The head of push rod 15 is to be designed with wedge angle 17, also is provided with little pointed cone in the platen hole 18.The head design of push rod 15 has wedge angle 17, lifting surface area when reducing hickory nut and peeling off, also can play the effect of lead angle, making push rod 15 heads can more easily head into the 18 pairs of hickory nuts in platen hole peels off, in addition, also be provided with little pointed cone in the platen hole, also can reduce lifting surface area by hickory nut, can more easily peel off.
The motion process of decorticator: synchronous motor 10 powers on, and the second shaft coupling 11 connects synchronous motor 10 and camshaft 13, drives camshaft 13 and rotate together when synchronous motor 10 rotates.Be connected with the crank in cam 14 and the four-bar mechanism bar 4 on the camshaft 13, crank also begins to do synchronous rotary when camshaft 13 rotates.The stroke that utilizes cam 14 is done the straight-line feed motion to promote push rod 15, by retracting spring 12 push rod 15 original position of being rebounded is prepared for the next hickory nut of extruding after push rod 15 is finished the extruding action; The four-bar mechanism 4 that is connected with camshaft 13 is crank rocker connecting rods, and crank section is connected on the camshaft 13, can make by the induced effect of connecting rod rocking bar begin to swing when crank moves in a circle, and is connected with ratchet 1 at rocking bar.The swing of rocking bar then drives ratchet 1 and moves together.The ratchet 3 that ratchet 1 is controlled again on the platen axle 21 is done the batch (-type) rotation.Because ratchet 3 and platen 19 are to be connected to together on the same platen axle 21, platen 21 1 has four platen holes 18, so when ratchet 3 batch (-type)s rotated, platen 19 was also done identical intermittent movement, crank push rod 15 hickory nut of extruding of moving in circles that whenever rotates a circle then.The rotation of platen 19 is rotated hickory nut, and hickory nut drops in the platen hole 18 from conduit 5, and another hickory nut that is crushed drops out in another platen hole 18, drops in the hickory nut disposable box 9 by guide rail 8, has realized so once peeling off.
The above only is preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all any modifications of within spirit of the present utility model and principle, doing, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., all should be included within the protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. Hickory nut shelling machine, it is characterized in that, comprise that hickory nut imports parts, power part, power synchronous transmission control assembly, peel off parts and hickory nut collecting part, wherein said power part further comprises synchronous motor (10), motor shaft (22) and the second shaft coupling (11); Described power synchronous transmits control assembly and further comprises camshaft (13), the first shaft coupling (7), four-bar mechanism (4), ratchet (3), ratchet (1) and platen axle (21); The described parts of peeling off further comprise cam (14), push rod (15), spring (2), retracting spring (12), linear bearing (16) and platen (19);
Synchronous motor (10) utilizes the second shaft coupling (11) to be connected by motor shaft (22) and camshaft (13),
Camshaft (13) utilizes the mode of welding to be fixedly connected with four-bar mechanism (4), what described four-bar mechanism (4) adopted is the crank rocker connecting rod, crank is connected on the camshaft (13), the rotating shaft of rocking bar is fixed on the sidewall, wear axle as the axis of rotation of ratchet (1) in the rocking bar punching, spring (2) is exerted pressure to ratchet (1), forces ratchet (1) to be pressed on the ratchet (3); Ratchet (3) all is fixed together uniform four platen holes (18) on the sidewall of platen (19) with platen (19) with platen axle (21);
Camshaft (13) adopts with cam (14) and is welded to connect, cam (13) directly contacts with push rod (15), promote push rod (15) by the rise of cam (14) and do the straight-line feed motion, push rod (15) is upper simultaneously with retracting spring (12), push rod (15) is pressed on cam (14) edge, make push rod (15) after finishing extruding, can get back to original position, and push rod (15) leads by linear bearing (16), guarantee that it does rectilinear motion so that extruding falls into the hickory nut of platen hole (18)
Described hickory nut imports parts and is used for holding hickory nut to be peeled off, and drives by gravity, enters the parts of peeling off, and the described parts of peeling off are peeled off under the dynamic action of power part and power synchronous transferring elements, strips shell and enters the hickory nut collecting part afterwards again.
2. Hickory nut shelling machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described hickory nut imports parts and further comprises hickory nut case (6), conduit (5) and rubber ring (20), described hickory nut case (6) and conduit (5) gummed, rubber ring (20) and platen hole (18) interference fit.
3. Hickory nut shelling machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described hickory nut collecting part further comprises platen hole (18), guide rail (8) and hickory nut disposable box (9), described guide rail (8) is fixed with side plate, the hickory nut that fragmentation goes out drops on the guide rail (8) from platen hole (18), tumbles in the hickory nut disposable box (9) by guide rail (8).
4. Hickory nut shelling machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the rotation relation of described camshaft (13) and platen axle (21) is, described camshaft (13) turns around, and platen axle (21) turns 1/4th circles.
5. Hickory nut shelling machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the head design of described push rod (15) has wedge angle (17), and the platen hole also is provided with little pointed cone in (18).
CN2012202690173U 2012-06-05 2012-06-05 Pecan husking machine Expired - Fee Related CN202714162U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012202690173U CN202714162U (en) 2012-06-05 2012-06-05 Pecan husking machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012202690173U CN202714162U (en) 2012-06-05 2012-06-05 Pecan husking machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202714162U true CN202714162U (en) 2013-02-06

Family

ID=47616017

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012202690173U Expired - Fee Related CN202714162U (en) 2012-06-05 2012-06-05 Pecan husking machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202714162U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103431497A (en) * 2013-09-17 2013-12-11 中国热带农业科学院农业机械研究所 High-efficiency nut shelling machine
CN104886723A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-09-09 丁巧娜 Husking machine with numerical control device
CN105410955A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-23 陕西科技大学 Four-point extruding type walnut shell breaking equipment

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103431497A (en) * 2013-09-17 2013-12-11 中国热带农业科学院农业机械研究所 High-efficiency nut shelling machine
CN103431497B (en) * 2013-09-17 2015-10-07 中国热带农业科学院农业机械研究所 Heavy duty detergent nut cracker
CN104886723A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-09-09 丁巧娜 Husking machine with numerical control device
CN105410955A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-23 陕西科技大学 Four-point extruding type walnut shell breaking equipment

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130206

Termination date: 20150605

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model