A kind of pond is thrown and is raised device
The utility model relates to a kind of aquaculture utensil, and specifically device is raised in a kind of throwing in prawn culturing pond.
In recent years, develop rapidly with culture fishery, shrimp culture industry develops rapidly, and cultured area enlarges year by year, and proportion improves year by year in the aquaculture industry.People recognize adopt machinery to throw to raise time saving and energy saving, throw the feed efficiency rate high, reduce water pollution, save cost, feeder is used progressively and is enlarged.Yet the characteristic because prawn ingests can not satisfy its needs so that existing fixed point is thrown the equipment of raising.At present, in prawn culturing, still adopt traditional mode of manually throwing something and feeding, throw that the feed efficiency rate is low, labour intensity large, the bait waste, aquaculture cost is high, water quality is easily polluted etc., has seriously restricted the development of shrimp culture industry, how to adopt machinery to throw in prawn culturing to raise extremely urgent.
Also have at present part to adopt feeder, but also exist certain not enoughly, take the most ripe, most widely used pond feeder as example, applicable cultivation object is single, and generally only applicable fish culture inapplicablely cultivates shell-fish.Secondly, described feeder is fixed, just is applied among a small circle, the zonule, and for Shrimp Pond-culture, and not having so far suitablely has machinery to throw to raise operation.As the highest prawn kind of the single cultivation output value of China, in the aquaculture industry, occupy extremely important status, never applicable feeder tool becomes one of critical bottleneck problem that promotes prawn culturing.
Summary of the invention
The utility model is intended providing a kind of pond to throw and is raised device, and to reach the purpose of shrimp culture industry pond mechanization bait throwing in, the purpose of this utility model so realizes.
A kind of pond is thrown and is raised device, it is characterized in that:
Frame is configured on the pair of driving wheels, and also configuring on frame by accumulator is the direct-flow deceleration electric motor of power; The output shaft of direct-flow deceleration electric motor sends driving wheel to through minor sprocket and hinge wheel;
Fixedly feeder is installed in the top of frame, provides fixedly feeder power supply by accumulator;
In frame pair of armrests is installed.
Further, described direct-flow deceleration electric motor through electron speed regulator to the output shaft speed governing.
Further, described driving wheel diameter is 50-80mm.
Further, described direct-flow deceleration electric motor power is 500-1000 watts.
Adopt the technical program, very ripe, stable fixedly feeder is installed on the frame, can make the driving wheel walking by electromotor easily, and pointedly throwing is fed foster; Accumulator provide the AC power operation can also for the fixedly feeder of vehicular, and the pair of armrests of installing in frame also is convenient to movement, the running job of whole table apparatus.
The operation principle of this device is: accumulator provides travelling car and feeder power supply.
Technology path of the present utility model: at first investigation cultivates actual conditions, understand the basic situation of aquacultural machinery aspect in the cultivation, grasp present applicable cases and the present Research at home and abroad of feeder, and kind, structure, the operation principle of feeder are made labor.Secondly, according to the prawn culturing characteristics, in conjunction with the relevant knowledge of understanding about feeder, design, analysis, drawing are constructed a kind of throwing that is applicable to prawn culturing and are raised device.Again, the assessment check is thrown and is raised the application of installation situation, is improved for weak point, improves the security and stability of its work.At last, the processing and manufacturing model machine drops into and uses.
This novel prawn culturing throwing is raised the apparatus main body part and is mainly comprised travelling car and existing fixed feeder.In the design of travelling car, utilizing accumulator is the power supply of electromotor as power set, and wherein, electromotor velocity can be controlled by electron speed regulator; In the dolly drive disk assembly, mainly utilize chain-drive mechanism.In the design of fixing feeder, it still utilizes same accumulator as power supply.
This novel prawn culturing is thrown and is raised that apparatus structure is succinct, operating aspect, working stability are reliable, embodies good effect in application experiment.
The utility model is exactly to throw and raise this deficiency in order to overcome an existing feeder adjustable point, provide a kind of in prawn culturing the throwing of removable utilization raise device----novel prawn culturing is thrown and is raised device.
The utility model provides a kind of removable throwing that is applicable to prawn culturing to raise device, and throwing the amount of raising is about 80kg, throws and raises travel speed 1m/s.
The utility model makes minimization of cost, and dolly adopts wheel type mobile but not guide rail moves; Accumulator-electromotor combination is adopted in power section; Simultaneously, be simplified structure, utilize the electron speed regulator speed governing.
The utility model utilizes accumulator as the power supply of electromotor and feeder, according to pulse length modulation principle, utilizes speed regulator control motor speed, and the speed governing rotary knob is placed arm rest, handled easily.Adopt wheel type mobile aspect move mode, low the reaching simultaneously of input cost stablized the mobile purpose of raising of throwing.
The utility model has the advantage of:
Processing ease of the present invention.Say the following several respects problem that solves existence from function: 1, diverse in function, this equipment both can fix a point to throw something and feed, and can move again and throw something and feed; 2, by the sprocket wheel transferring power, avoid using reduction gear, the simplified design device construction is simple and easy, and is easily manufactured, and accumulator provides power supply, and electromotor is realized moving throwing and raised function as power source, reduces cost; 3, processing ease, convenience, convenient operation and promoting the use of; 4, design is ingenious, and accumulator connects electromotor through speed regulator, by control motor speed control dolly translational speed; 5, stable performance is shed feed even, and carriage walking is stable; 6, flexibility improves, and this equipment speed of travel, feeding volume is all adjustable.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that a kind of embodiment that raises device is thrown in a kind of pond of the utility model, observes the structural representation of configured in one piece from the side of device;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1.
Among the figure, the 1st, fixing feeder, the 2nd, accumulator, the 3rd, direct-flow deceleration electric motor, the 4th, driving wheel, the 5th, frame, the 6th, handrail, the 7th, minor sprocket, the 8th, hinge wheel.
Further describe structure of the present utility model below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
A kind of pond is thrown and is raised device,
Frame 5 is configured on the pair of driving wheels 4, also configures by accumulator 2 to be the direct-flow deceleration electric motor 3 of power on frame 5; The output shaft of direct-flow deceleration electric motor 3 sends driving wheel 4 to through minor sprocket 7 and hinge wheel 8;
Fixedly feeder 1 is installed in the top of frame 5, provides fixedly feeder 1 power supply by accumulator 2;
In frame 5 pair of armrests 6 is installed.
Described direct-flow deceleration electric motor 3 through electron speed regulator to the output shaft speed governing.
Described driving wheel 4 diameters are 50-80mm, and this is Commonly Used Size.
Described direct-flow deceleration electric motor 3 power are 500-1000 kilowatts, and so the direct-flow deceleration electric motor power of scope can satisfy walking and throw the power needs of raising.
The rotary switch of electron speed regulator device places handrail 6 places to regulate the dolly travel speed.
Accumulator 2 provides novel prawn culturing to throw and raises installation's power source, starts the dolly travel switch, and direct-flow deceleration electric motor 3 is started working, and regulates speed regulator control motor speed, so that dolly is walked with appropriate speed.Simultaneously, startup fixedly feeder 1 makes its work, and the speed of raising is thrown in adjusting and the working time makes throwing raise optimum.Finally realize when dolly moves, realizing throwing raising function, realize that this function also is main purpose of the present utility model.
The utility model is in application process, throwing raises evenly, throws that the feed efficiency rate is high, feed waste is few and throw that to raise precision high, reduced to a great extent the input of prawn culturing cost, simultaneously also liberate the part labour and made them be engaged in disease prevention and cure work in the prawn culturing process, finally promoted the good and fast development of shrimp culture industry.
According to the size of cultivating pool area, place the feed of suitable weight in hopper, start dolly, direct-flow deceleration electric motor 3 drives the travelling car motion by chain-wheel mechanism, and manual operation is walked around the edge, pond; Start simultaneously fixedly feeder 1, adjusting is specified the throwing speed of raising to throw and is raised, and realizes feeding intake while walking.The speed of travel, rate of feeding are all controlled, and namely translational speed is controlled by speed regulator, throw the speed of raising and select according to the feeder designated parameter.