CN202707959U - Transmission special for novel pure electric bus - Google Patents

Transmission special for novel pure electric bus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN202707959U
CN202707959U CN 201220417854 CN201220417854U CN202707959U CN 202707959 U CN202707959 U CN 202707959U CN 201220417854 CN201220417854 CN 201220417854 CN 201220417854 U CN201220417854 U CN 201220417854U CN 202707959 U CN202707959 U CN 202707959U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
planet
planet row
row
brake
gear ring
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220417854
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
莫俊荣
孟昭俊
吴东
刘强
罗红平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TIANJIN ZHONGDE TRANSMISSION CO Ltd
Original Assignee
TIANJIN ZHONGDE TRANSMISSION CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TIANJIN ZHONGDE TRANSMISSION CO Ltd filed Critical TIANJIN ZHONGDE TRANSMISSION CO Ltd
Priority to CN 201220417854 priority Critical patent/CN202707959U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202707959U publication Critical patent/CN202707959U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H2200/00Transmissions for multiple ratios
    • F16H2200/0021Transmissions for multiple ratios specially adapted for electric vehicles

Abstract

The utility model relates to a transmission special for a novel pure electric bus. The transmission is formed by a motor, a spindle, a first planet row, a second planet row, a third planet row, a first brake, a second brake and a third brake which are all installed in a casing and the casing. The first planet row, the second planet row and the third planet row are all formed by respective sun gears, planet gears, planet carriers and gear rings, the sun gears of the first planet row, the second planet row and the third planet row are all connected with a rotor of the motor through the spindle, a gear ring of the first planet row is connected with a planet carrier of the second planet row, a gear ring of the second planet ring is connected with the planet carrier of the third planet row, the gear rings of the first planet row, the second planet row and the third planet row are respectively and correspondingly installed with the first brake, the second brake and the third brake. The transmission special for the novel pure electric bus is scientific and reasonable in structural design, has the advantages of being small in size, light in weigh, oil -saving and electricity-saving, is widely applied to working conditions, and has market popularization value.

Description

A kind of Novel pure electric bus dedicated transmission
Technical field
The invention belongs to the automotive transmission field, particularly a kind of Novel pure electric bus dedicated transmission.
Background technique
At present, the speed changer of pure electric bus comprises motor-direct-drive type and motor+two kinds of forms of two~fourth gear AMT.Wherein, it is comparatively extensive that motor-direct-drive type is used, have advantages of simple in structure, but there are the following problems for it: need capacity motor large, and need low-speed big, so energy consumption is high, electricity decreases high; And require battery capacity large, battery weight accounts for car load about 20%, causes that complete vehicle weight is large, oil consumption is high; It is excessive that motor size is large, how number of batteries also causes whole drive part to take up room, and is unfavorable for that the space controls installation.The advantage of motor+two~fourth gear AMT formula is good dynamic property, and capacity motor and size all can be smaller.But the automatical control system more complicated, and there is large, the flimsy problem of load in the synchronizer among the AMT.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of Novel pure electric bus dedicated transmission is provided, it is little, lightweight that it has a volume, fuel-economizing economize on electricity, the advantage that applicable working condition is wide.
The present invention solves its technical problem and takes following technological scheme to realize:
A kind of Novel pure electric bus dedicated transmission, it is characterized in that: by shell and installation motor in the enclosure, main shaft, the first planet row, the second planet row, third planet row, the first break, second brake, the 3rd break consists of, the first planet row, the second planet row, third planet row is by separately sun gear, planet wheel, planet carrier and gear ring consist of, the first planet row, the second planet row, third planet row's sun gear all is connected by main shaft with the rotor of motor, the gear ring of the first planet row is connected with the planet carrier of the second planet row, the gear ring of the second planet row is connected the first planet row with third planet row's planet carrier, the second planet row, third planet row's gear ring respectively with the first break, second brake and the 3rd break are corresponding to be installed.
Advantage of the present invention and good effect are:
Scientific structure design of the present invention is reasonable, adopt three groups of single planetary rows of driven by motor to carry out transmission, the small motor of realizing speed reducer drives, can adopt the motor of small capacity, small volume can realize job requirement, can reduce simultaneously volume and the weight of required outfit battery pack, thereby make speed changer structure compacter, play and reduce to take up room, and the effect of economize on electricity fuel-economizing; And, having the three class gear shift function, applicable working condition is in extensive range, and the automatical control system that is complementary with break is simple; Adopting motor driving, by control current of electric size, also can realize electrodeless variable-speed in certain speed range, is a kind of pure electric bus speed changer with higher innovation, has market popularization value.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Label declaration:
1 shell, motor 2, sun gear 3, planet wheel 4, the 3rd break 5, gear ring 6, planet carrier 7, second brake 8, gear ring 9, planet wheel 10, planet carrier 11, the first break 12, gear ring 13, planet wheel 14, planet carrier 15, sun gear 16, sun gear 17, main shaft 18.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described below by specific embodiment, and following examples are descriptive, is not determinate, can not limit protection scope of the present invention with this.
A kind of Novel pure electric bus dedicated transmission, it is made of shell 1 and installation motor 2, main shaft 18, the first planet row, the second planet row, third planet row, the first break 12, second brake 8, the 3rd break 5 in the enclosure.The first planet row, the second planet row, third planet row consist of by sun gear, planet wheel, planet carrier and gear ring, and planet wheel is installed on the planet carrier and engagement is installed between sun gear and the gear ring.The first planet row is made of sun gear 17, planet wheel 14, planet carrier 15 and gear ring 13.The second planet row is made of sun gear 16, planet wheel 10, planet carrier 11 and gear ring 9.Third planet row be made of sun gear 3, planet wheel 4, planet carrier 7 and gear ring 6.Ratio coverage 5.667 ~ 1.00.
The first planet row, the second planet row, third planet row's sun gear all is connected by main shaft with the rotor of motor, the gear ring of the first planet row is connected with the planet carrier of the second planet row, the gear ring of the second planet row and third planet row's planet carrier is connected, the gear ring that the first planet row, the second planet row, third planet are arranged respectively with the corresponding installation of the first break, second brake and the 3rd break.
The outside assembly of the first break, second brake and the 3rd break is connected with control system.
Each gear drive path of this speed changer is:
A shelves: the first arrester close.This moment, the gear ring 13 of the first planet row was locked, transmission of power: motor 1 → sun gear 17 → planet wheel 14 → planet carrier 15 → output.Be used for starting, ramp, need the driving cycle of high pulling torque.
The B shelves: second brake is closed.This moment, the gear ring 9 of the second planet row was locked, transmission of power: the planet carrier 15 of motor 1 → sun gear 16 → planet wheel 10 → planet carrier 11 → the first planet rows → first planet row → output.Be used in the city driving cycle or occupant less the time.
C shelves: the 3rd arrester close.This moment, third planet row's gear ring 6 was locked, transmission of power: planet carrier 15 outputs of motor 1 → sun gear 3 → planet wheel 4 → planet carrier, 7 → the second planet rows and the first planet row → first planet row.Be used for outskirts of a town, expressway around city road driving cycle.

Claims (1)

1. Novel pure electric bus dedicated transmission, it is characterized in that: by shell and installation motor in the enclosure, main shaft, the first planet row, the second planet row, third planet row, the first break, second brake, the 3rd break consists of, the first planet row, the second planet row, third planet row is by separately sun gear, planet wheel, planet carrier and gear ring consist of, the first planet row, the second planet row, third planet row's sun gear all is connected by main shaft with the rotor of motor, the gear ring of the first planet row is connected with the planet carrier of the second planet row, the gear ring of the second planet row is connected the first planet row with third planet row's planet carrier, the second planet row, third planet row's gear ring respectively with the first break, second brake and the 3rd break are corresponding to be installed.
CN 201220417854 2012-08-22 2012-08-22 Transmission special for novel pure electric bus Expired - Fee Related CN202707959U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220417854 CN202707959U (en) 2012-08-22 2012-08-22 Transmission special for novel pure electric bus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220417854 CN202707959U (en) 2012-08-22 2012-08-22 Transmission special for novel pure electric bus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202707959U true CN202707959U (en) 2013-01-30

Family

ID=47588265

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220417854 Expired - Fee Related CN202707959U (en) 2012-08-22 2012-08-22 Transmission special for novel pure electric bus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202707959U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102829139A (en) * 2012-08-22 2012-12-19 天津中德传动有限公司 Novel transmission special for electric battery bus
US9702438B2 (en) 2014-09-29 2017-07-11 The Royal Institution For The Advancement Of Learning/Mcgill University Seamless transmission systems and methods for electric vehicles
CN108953518A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-12-07 中国石油大学(华东) A kind of electric automobile gear device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102829139A (en) * 2012-08-22 2012-12-19 天津中德传动有限公司 Novel transmission special for electric battery bus
US9702438B2 (en) 2014-09-29 2017-07-11 The Royal Institution For The Advancement Of Learning/Mcgill University Seamless transmission systems and methods for electric vehicles
CN108953518A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-12-07 中国石油大学(华东) A kind of electric automobile gear device

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Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130130

Termination date: 20130822

C17 Cessation of patent right