CN202705128U - Concentration filtering device - Google Patents

Concentration filtering device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202705128U
CN202705128U CN 201220303918 CN201220303918U CN202705128U CN 202705128 U CN202705128 U CN 202705128U CN 201220303918 CN201220303918 CN 201220303918 CN 201220303918 U CN201220303918 U CN 201220303918U CN 202705128 U CN202705128 U CN 202705128U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water tank
valve
water
liquid level
strainer
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220303918
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭大磊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
KUNSHAN HUAKE MEMBRANE AND ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
KUNSHAN HUAKE MEMBRANE AND ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN 201220303918 priority Critical patent/CN202705128U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202705128U publication Critical patent/CN202705128U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a concentration filtering device, which comprises a filtering water tank, a filtering component, a back washing water tank, a water inlet pump and a back washing pump, wherein the back washing water tank is positioned below the filtering water tank, the filtering component comprises a plurality of mutually parallel tubular filter elements arranged vertically, a rotating valve is arranged below the filtering component and is formed by hermetically combining a valve body part and a valve core part in meshed mode, and the valve core part is positioned in the valve body part and can be driven to rotate. A plurality of position holes are respectively arranged at the side portion of the valve body part and the outer side of the valve core part, the position holes arranged in the valve body part and the position holes arranged in the valve core part are in one-to-one correspondence, and in addition, the position holes arranged in the valve body part are in one-to-one correspondence connection with a plurality of filter elements through filter element connecting pipes. One position hole of the plurality of position holes of the valve body is communicated with the back washing pump for forming a back washing passage, and the rest position holes are communicated with the back washing water tank for forming a water producing passage. The concentration filtering device has the advantages that energy consumption is low, filtering effect is good, and in addition, continuous water production can be achieved.

Description

A kind of thickening filtration device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of thickening filtration device.
Background technology
Along with industrial progress and social development, water pollutes and is on the rise, and has been called a global No.1 environmental improvement difficult problem.There are the problems such as complicated operation, running cost are high, poor processing effect in existing Sewage treatment systems, and apparatus and process is complicated.
Chinese invention patent ZL200510093290.X discloses a kind of integrated filtration method effluent treatment process and equipment, this equipment is by regulating tank, dosing tank, the reaction water tank, settler, water tank with strainer, major parts and the connecting tubes such as mummification water tank, vacuum primingpump, slush pump, the general purpose accessories such as valve assemble, wherein, water tank with strainer is a closed box, the top is provided with water-in, there is water port the below, between water-in and water port, be provided with filtering layer, filtering layer is by quartz sand, filter cloth consists of, water port is connecting the self-priming pump intake, and the vacuum primingpump relief outlet is discharge outlet.The processing step of sewage disposal is as follows: with sewage collecting in regulating tank, and make sewage quality reach even, then sewage is extracted into the reaction water tank, carries out the dosing reaction, afterwards, sewage suction settler is precipitated, oettIed sewage flows in the strumbox and filters, and uses automatic pump suction filtration water below filtering layer, under suction function, forced filtration water filters through filtering layer, reaches sewage drainage standard.Although after the art breading of this patent, sewage can qualified discharge, yet, the sink drainage more complicated of this patent, and it utilizes vacuum primingpump that sewage is filtered by force, and power consumption is large; In addition, this equipment is the same with other traditional filtering device, all can only be to carry out according to " produce water-anti-cleaning-produce water-back flushing " this discontinuous mode, produces that water is different with backwash to carry out synchronously, can't realize producing continuously water.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, and a kind of novel concentrated filtration unit for the water purification is provided, and the energy consumption of this filtration unit is low, good filtration effect, and can realize producing continuously water.
For solving above technical problem, the utility model is taked following technical scheme:
A kind of thickening filtration device, it comprises water tank with strainer, be arranged on the filter element in the water tank with strainer, the backwash water tank, be used in water tank with strainer, pumping into the intake pump of water to be filtered, be used for the water in the backwash water tank is pumped into filter element to carry out the backwashing pump of back flushing, connecting tube and be arranged on valve on the connecting tube, particularly, the backwash water tank is positioned at the below of water tank with strainer, described filter element comprises upright setting and a plurality of tubular filter cores that are parallel to each other, the parts that are used for filtration in the described filter core are filtering membrane, the below of filter element is provided with changeover valve, this changeover valve by valve body part be positioned at valve body part and can be driven and spool part closed that the rotate combination that coincide consists of, sidepiece in the valve body part, the outside of spool part is respectively equipped with a plurality of holes, a plurality of holes on the valve body part are corresponding one by one with a plurality of holes of spool part, and a plurality of holes on the valve body part connect one to one by filter core pipe connecting and a plurality of filter core; In a plurality of the holes of described valve body part one of them is communicated with formation back flushing path with backwashing pump, all the other Kong Zeyu backwash water tanks are communicated with formation and produce water passage, and described filtration unit also comprises the driving mechanism that partly rotates for the spool that drives changeover valve.
According to further embodiment of the present utility model: described driving mechanism comprises motor, the speed reduction unit that links to each other with motor, and this speed reduction unit partly is connected with spool.
According to a preferred aspect of the present utility model, described filter core has three at least.The number of described filter core can be not particularly limited for for example 8~60, and the filter core number is The more the better in theory, but it is fixed to need to consider that actual demand comes.
Further, be provided with liquid level point and lower liquid level point in the water tank with strainer, during liquid level point, intake pump stops into water on liquid level reaches; When liquid level was lower than described lower liquid level point, intake pump began water inlet, is connected with the water tank with strainer upflow tube at water tank with strainer, and when liquid level surpassed upper liquid level point, water was discharged by the water tank with strainer upflow tube.
Further, be provided with the highest liquid level point in the backwash water tank, and be connected with the backwash water tank overflow pipe, when liquid level surpassed the highest liquid level point, water was discharged by described backwash water tank overflow pipe.Preferably, the highest liquid level point in the backwash water tank and the drop between the lower liquid level point in the water tank with strainer are more than or equal to 1 meter, be pressure reduction more than or equal to 0.01MPa, thereby can utilize the water drop to produce the purpose that filter membrane that pressure difference drives water body infiltration filter core reaches purification filtering.
Preferably, filtration unit also comprises for described filter core is implemented the medicine cleaning device that medicine is washed.In a concrete embodiment, the medicine-sucking pump that the medicine cleaning device comprises the explosive barrel of interior Sheng medicament, be communicated with the bottom of explosive barrel, the drug feeding pipe that an end is connected with medicine-sucking pump, return time pencil that Teat pipette, an end and time Teat pipette are connected with the top of explosive barrel is communicated with, the other end of the other end of described drug feeding pipe, time pencil all is connected with the bottom of water tank with strainer.More specifically, the bottom of water tank with strainer is connected with water shoot, and the other end of the other end of drug feeding pipe, time pencil all is communicated with water shoot.
Those skilled in the art can reasonably arrange the utility model above-mentioned connecting tube and valve according to the disclosed content of the utility model and the problem that will solve, and do not give unnecessary details at this.Those skilled in the art should also be understood that can increase some accessories as required, for example on above basis, increase by one be connected with the backwash water tank go out water pump, for the water purification in the backwash water tank is discharged.
Preferably, the parts for filtration are that the aperture is 0.01~5.0 micron filtering membrane in the described filter core.More preferably, described filter core has the described structure of Chinese utility model patent ZL201120063461.5.
Preferably, can lay aeration tube at the filter core water tank bottom, perhaps can also around cabinet wall, do the water spray design, so, penetrate by bottom aeration and current punching all around, can make the accumulation of cartridge surface deposit-free, keep high water flux.
Because the enforcement of above technical scheme, the utility model compared with prior art has following advantage:
1, backwash water tank of the present utility model is kept in the water purification after filtering, and is used for back flushing simultaneously, simplifies the structure of filtration unit; And the backwash water tank is arranged at the below of filter element, so, can utilize the gravity of water to produce the purpose that filtering membrane that pressure difference drives water body infiltration filter core reaches purification filtering, can avoid using water pump at filtration fraction, thereby reduce the energy consumption of filtration unit.
2, the utility model special design changeover valve, can when producing water, carry out in turn back flushing to filter core, realize producing the continuity of water, and guarantee that water flux is in higher level.
3, the utility model takes to produce the pattern that water backwashing carries out simultaneously, require relative reduce for water inlet, can be directly to carrying out filtration treatment through the pretreated waste water of Chemical Regulation, need not water be processed through hay tanks such as settler, sandfiltration pot, gacs, be conducive to reduce facility investment and improve filtration efficiency.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in more detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specific embodiment:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation according to thickening filtration device of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram according to changeover valve of the present utility model and driving mechanism;
Fig. 3 is that the master of changeover valve among Fig. 2 cuts open enlarged diagram;
Fig. 4 be consist of among Fig. 3 changeover valve the valve body part overlook cross-sectional schematic;
Fig. 5 is the schematic top plan view that consists of the spool part of changeover valve among Fig. 3;
Wherein: 1, water tank with strainer; 10, water tank with strainer upflow tube; 11, water shoot; 2, filter element; 21, filter core; 20, filter core pipe connecting; 3, backwash water tank; 30, backwash water tank overflow pipe; 4, intake pump; 5, backwashing pump; 6, changeover valve; 60, valve body part; 600, hole, position; 601, lower outlet; 602, central outlets; 61, spool part; 62, passage; 7, motor; 8, speed reduction unit; 90, explosive barrel; 91, medicine-sucking pump; 92, drug feeding pipe; 93, return Teat pipette; 94, return pencil; 12, go out water pump; Yh, upper liquid level point; Yl, lower liquid level point; Yhh, the highest liquid level point; Ym, intermediate liquid site; Yll, minimum liquid level point; K1, K2, K3, K4, K6, K8, K, K10, K11, K12, K13, K14, valve.
Embodiment
Shown in Fig. 1 to 5, mainly comprise water tank with strainer 1, be arranged on filter element 2(16 filter core 21 that be arranged in parallel in the water tank with strainer according to the thickening filtration device of the present embodiment), major parts and the accessories such as connecting tube, valve such as backwash water tank 3, intake pump 4, backwashing pump 5, medicine cleaning device (comprise explosive barrel 90, medicine-sucking pump 91, drug feeding pipe 92, return Teat pipette 93, return pencil 94), driving mechanism (comprising motor 7, speed reduction unit 8).
Water tank with strainer 1 is positioned at the uppermost position of whole device, establishes liquid level point Yh and lower liquid level point Yl in it, and it is connected with water tank with strainer upflow tube 10 at the top, is connected with water shoot 11 in the bottom.16 tubular filter core 21(concrete structures are referring to Chinese utility model patent ZL201120063461.5) uprightly be arranged in the water tank with strainer 1, and the bottom is passed the bottom of water tank with strainer 1 and is connected with changeover valve 6 by filter core pipe connecting 20.Changeover valve 6 is coincide in conjunction with consisting of by valve body part 60 and spool part 61 closeds, and wherein the sidepiece of valve body part 60 has the hole 600, position of 16 protrusions, and they connect one to one by 16 filter core pipe connectings 20 and 16 filter cores 21.The outside of spool part 61 also have 16 with hole, position one to one, the hole, 16 positions 600 of valve body part 60.The lower end of valve body part 60 is provided with three outlets (two lower outlet 601 and central outlets 602), and the hole, 15 positions 600 of valve body part 60 shares passages, and links to each other with backwash water tank 3 by two lower outlets 601, consists of the product water passage; Hole, valve body part 60 remaining 1 position 600 by a passage 62 and central outlets 602, links to each other with backwash water pump 5, consists of the backwash path, that is, in a work period, arbitrary time period, 15 filter cores 21 are to produce the water process, and 1 filter core 21 is backwash processes.
Establish the highest liquid level point Yhh in the backwash water tank 3, and be connected with backwash water tank overflow pipe 30, when liquid level surpassed the highest liquid level point Yhh, water was by described backwash water tank overflow pipe 30 discharges.Drop between the lower liquid level point Yl in the highest liquid level point Yhh in the backwash water tank 3 and the water tank with strainer 1 is more than or equal to 1 meter, be pressure reduction more than or equal to 0.01MPa, thereby can utilize the drop of water to produce the purpose that filter membrane that pressure difference drives water body infiltration filter core reaches purification filtering.Also be provided with intermediate liquid site Ym and minimum liquid level point Yll in the backwash water tank 3.Be connected with out water pump 12 in the bottom of backwash water tank 3.
Move an end after the time at equipment, need to carry out the flux recovery maintenance to filter core 21, the medicine cleaning device arranges for this purpose.As shown in Figure 1, the drug feeding pipe 92 of medicine cleaning device and time pencil 94 all have an end to be communicated with the water shoot 11 of water tank with strainer 1.When medicine is washed, valve-off K2, K1, K9, K11, K14 closes backwashing pump 5, goes out water pump 12 and returns Teat pipette 93, open valve K8, K10, K12, K13, start medicine-sucking pump 91, utilize medicine-sucking pump 91 and drug feeding pipe 92 that medicament is sent in the filter core water tank 1 from bottom to top, when liquid level reaches lower liquid level point Yl, close medicine-sucking pump 91, while valve-off K12, filter core 2 immersions after about 45 minutes, are opened valve K9, K11, start back Teat pipette 93, the medicament in the filter core water tank 1 is carried again got back in the explosive barrel 90.
Driving mechanism is used for driving spool part 61 rotations of changeover valve 6.The motor 7 of driving mechanism is propulsion source, and the speed reduction unit of driving mechanism links to each other motor 7 with spool part 61.The rotating speed of spool part 61 can be for example 10rpm.
Product water/the backwash process of above-mentioned thickening filtration device is as follows:
Open valve K1, K2, K3, valve-off K4, K6, K8, K10 is intake in filter core water tank 1 by intake pump 4, when reaching upper liquid level point Yh to liquid level, stops into water; Simultaneously, the 3 interior water inlets of backwash water tank, when liquid level arrived the highest liquid level point Yhh, backwashing pump 5 was opened, and gives filter core 21 exhausts; When backwash water tank 3 liquid levels were down to Ym, backwashing pump 5 was closed, valve closes; The filter core water tank continues water inlet, and when water level reached lower liquid level point Yl, backwashing pump 5 was opened, and went out water pump 12 and opened, and began to carry out continuous product water.
Device operation one end stops to produce water after the time, by the medicine cleaning device filter core 21 is carried out the ability restorative maintenance.
To sum up, the utlity model has following features:
1, filtering power is to utilize the water liquid level in the pressure difference that height fall produces, and is different from tradition and utilizes the malleation of water pump or suction type to filter, and produces the Non-energy-consumption of water filtration, is a kind of new energy-saving design;
2, produce the water mode, design by changeover valve, so that this device produces glassware for drinking water continuity is arranged, and in producing the water process, simultaneously filter core is carried out in turn back flushing, so that permeant flux keeps higher level, be different from traditional filtering transition apparatus " produce water---back flushing that back flushing---is produced water---" pattern;
3, adopt anti-obstruction filter cartridge construction; Filter core aperture 0.01~5.00 μ m.
4, adopt this device, directly carry out filtration treatment after can making the pre-treatment of waste water Chemical Regulation, can save the facilities such as the settler that before filtration treatment, arranges, sandfiltration pot, activated carbon filtration tank.
Above the utility model has been done detailed description; its purpose is to allow the personage that is familiar with this art can understand content of the present utility model and is implemented; can not limit protection domain of the present utility model with this; all equivalences of doing according to spirit of the present utility model change or modify, and all should be encompassed in the protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. thickening filtration device, comprise water tank with strainer (1), be arranged on the filter element (2) in the described water tank with strainer (1), backwash water tank (3), be used in described water tank with strainer (1), pumping into the intake pump (4) of water to be filtered, be used for the water in the described backwash water tank (3) is pumped into the backwashing pump (5) of described filter element (2) to carry out back flushing, connecting tube and be arranged on valve on the connecting tube, it is characterized in that: described backwash water tank (3) is positioned at the below of described water tank with strainer (1), described filter element (2) comprises upright setting and a plurality of tubular filter cores (21) that are parallel to each other, the parts that are used for filtration in the described filter core (21) are filtering membrane, the below of described filter element (2) is provided with changeover valve (6), this changeover valve (6) by valve body part (60) be positioned at described valve body part (60) and can be driven and spool part (61) closed that rotate is coincide in conjunction with formation, sidepiece in described valve body part (60), the outside of spool part (60) is respectively equipped with a plurality of holes (600), a plurality of holes (600) on the valve body part (60) are corresponding one by one with a plurality of holes of spool part (60), and a plurality of the holes (600) on the valve body part (60) connect one to one by filter core pipe connecting (20) and described a plurality of filter cores (21); In a plurality of the holes (600) of described valve body part (60) one of them is communicated with formation back flushing path with described backwashing pump (5), all the other holes (600) then are communicated with described backwash water tank (3) to consist of produces water passage, and described filtration unit also comprises the driving mechanism that rotates be used to the spool part (61) that drives described changeover valve (6).
2. thickening filtration device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described driving mechanism comprises motor (7), the speed reduction unit (8) that links to each other with described motor (7), described speed reduction unit (8) is connected with described spool part (61).
3. thickening filtration device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described filter core (21) has three at least.
4. thickening filtration device according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described filter core (21) is 8 ~ 60.
5. thickening filtration device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with liquid level point (Yh) and lower liquid level point (Yl) in the described water tank with strainer (1), liquid level reach described on during liquid level point (Yh), described intake pump (4) stops into water; When liquid level is lower than described lower liquid level point (Yl), intake pump (4) begins water inlet, be connected with water tank with strainer upflow tube (10) at described water tank with strainer (1), when liquid level surpassed upper liquid level point (Yh), water was discharged by described water tank with strainer upflow tube (10).
6. thickening filtration device according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: be provided with the highest liquid level point (Yhh) in the described backwash water tank (3), and be connected with backwash water tank overflow pipe (30), when liquid level surpasses the highest liquid level point (Yhh), water is discharged by described backwash water tank overflow pipe (30), and the drop between the lower liquid level point (Yl) in the highest described liquid level point (Yhh) and the described water tank with strainer (1) is more than or equal to 1 meter.
7. thickening filtration device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described filtration unit also comprises for described filter core (21) is implemented the medicine cleaning device that medicine is washed.
8. thickening filtration device according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: the medicine-sucking pump (91) that described medicine cleaning device comprises the explosive barrel (90) of interior Sheng medicament, be communicated with the bottom of described explosive barrel (90), the drug feeding pipe (92) that an end is connected with described medicine-sucking pump (91), with time pencil (94) that time Teat pipette (93), an end of the top connection of described explosive barrel (90) are connected with described time Teat pipette (93), the other end of the other end of described drug feeding pipe (92), described time pencil (94) all is connected with the bottom of described water tank with strainer (1).
9. thickening filtration device according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described water tank with strainer (1) is connected with water shoot (11), and the other end of the other end of described drug feeding pipe (92), described time pencil (94) all is communicated with described water shoot (11).
10. the described thickening filtration device of each claim in 9 according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the aperture of described filtering membrane is 0.01 ~ 5.0 micron.
CN 201220303918 2012-06-27 2012-06-27 Concentration filtering device Expired - Fee Related CN202705128U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220303918 CN202705128U (en) 2012-06-27 2012-06-27 Concentration filtering device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220303918 CN202705128U (en) 2012-06-27 2012-06-27 Concentration filtering device

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN202705128U true CN202705128U (en) 2013-01-30

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220303918 Expired - Fee Related CN202705128U (en) 2012-06-27 2012-06-27 Concentration filtering device

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102716609A (en) * 2012-06-27 2012-10-10 昆山华科膜环保科技有限公司 Concentration filtering device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102716609A (en) * 2012-06-27 2012-10-10 昆山华科膜环保科技有限公司 Concentration filtering device
CN102716609B (en) * 2012-06-27 2014-04-30 昆山华科膜环保科技有限公司 Concentration filtering device

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130130

Termination date: 20210627