CN202703852U - Large sea area panoramic monitoring buoy - Google Patents

Large sea area panoramic monitoring buoy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202703852U
CN202703852U CN 201220289367 CN201220289367U CN202703852U CN 202703852 U CN202703852 U CN 202703852U CN 201220289367 CN201220289367 CN 201220289367 CN 201220289367 U CN201220289367 U CN 201220289367U CN 202703852 U CN202703852 U CN 202703852U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
buoyancy aid
main buoyancy
marine site
land
tracts
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201220289367
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘凤
王洪涛
叶松
刘志华
郑君杰
李军
毛磊
Original Assignee
中国人民解放军理工大学气象学院
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Application filed by 中国人民解放军理工大学气象学院 filed Critical 中国人民解放军理工大学气象学院
Priority to CN 201220289367 priority Critical patent/CN202703852U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202703852U publication Critical patent/CN202703852U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a large sea area panoramic monitoring buoy which comprises a main buoy body, a support platform and a panoramic image collecting device. The main buoy body comprises a lower cover of the main buoy body, a connection ring and an upper cover of the main buoy body. Exhaust holes are arranged on the top of the upper cover of the main buoy body. One end of the support platform is connected with the upper cover of the main buoy body through a reinforced base, and the other end of the support platform is connected with the panoramic image collecting device. The panoramic image collecting device comprises a base, image collecting equipment, a compass, an antenna, a protective hood and, a lower reflecting mirror and an upper reflecting mirror, wherein the lower reflecting mirror and the upper reflecting mirror are panoramic capture optical elements. And the lower reflecting mirror and the upper reflecting mirror of the panoramic capture optical element compose a refracting and reflecting panoramic imaging system. The lower reflecting mirror, the upper reflecting mirror and the image collecting equipment are arranged coaxially. A camera lens is upwards arranged among the lower reflecting mirror, the upper reflecting mirror and the image collecting equipment. The cross section of the bottom of the upper reflecting mirror face is a smooth plane reflecting mirror. The large sea area panoramic monitoring buoy has the advantages of being capable of capturing a panoramic image of a large sea area, simple in structure, good in imaging effect and compatible with existing image collecting equipment.

Description

A kind of large tracts of land marine site overall view monitoring buoy
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the buoy technical field, relates in particular to the buoy structure of a kind of large tracts of land marine site overall view monitoring.
Background technology
Marine site picture control buoy is the detector for monitoring marine site image; principle of work is to obtain the marine site image by image capture device (camera/camcorder); behind the control unit pretreatment with image transmitting to the land receptor; its core work cell picture collecting device (camera/camcorder) and control unit comprise a large amount of electronic components, and the housing that need to have water tightness, corrosion stability is protected.
Patent (the inventor: Michael Harper of the U.S. " MONITORING BUOY SYSTEM " by name, Orland, patent No. US 7,595,814 B2) pointed out a kind of buoyage for the monitoring sea, the main buoyancy aid of system by buoy supports image collecting device and finishes the sea image acquisition, and by communicator with treated image transmitting to land, and then realize the sea monitoring.There is the shortcoming that can not monitor large tracts of land marine site panorama in this system.
Domestic aspect panoramic imaging techniques, mainly comprise the modes such as Image Mosaics, flake imaging and catadioptric imaging.Wherein, the catadioptric imaging technique that curved reflector and conventional imaging lens are combined, because its disposable seamless panoramic imagery, system be characteristics flexibly, are studied widely and use in fields such as panoramic video monitoring, robot visual guidance, Virtual Space structures.But yet there are no the application report aspect the monitoring of marine site, in particular for recording the graphicinformations such as marine illegal fishing, marine traffic in drugs, illegal dumping rubbish.
The utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model: provide a kind of and support and the buoy structure of protection sea image collecting device, and image collecting device has large tracts of land marine site panorama and obtain function, captured images can be sent to bank base acception station in real time.
Technical scheme:
A kind of large tracts of land marine site overall view monitoring buoy, described marine site overall view monitoring buoy comprises main buoyancy aid, support platform and panoramic picture harvester; Described main buoyancy aid comprises main buoyancy aid lower cover, coupling link and main buoyancy aid loam cake, and coupling link is located between main buoyancy aid lower cover and the main buoyancy aid loam cake both are connected, and tops is provided with deflation hole on the main buoyancy aid; Support platform comprises reinforces base and strut bar, and an end of support platform is connected with main buoyancy aid loam cake by reinforcing base, and the other end is connected with the panoramic picture harvester, and described strut bar is provided with the solar cell board supporting structure; The panoramic picture harvester comprises base; image capture device; compass; antenna; protective case; panorama obtains catadioptre and upper reflector composition under the optical element; described image capture device; compass and antenna are located on the base; susceptor surface is provided with through hole and is used for the image capture device cabling; protective case adopts columniform optical glass; panorama obtains catadioptre and upper reflector composition Catadioptric omnidirectional imaging system under the optical element; lower catadioptre and upper reflector and the coaxial placement of image capture device; lower mirror mirror central area hollow out; camera lens upwards is placed in one, and it is the catadioptre on a smooth plane that upper reflector minute surface bottom transverse is blocked.
Described reinforcing base adopts cylindrical-conical support platform.
Described strut bar adopts hollow structure, its inner layout connecting cable that is used for.
Described main buoyancy aid inside is provided with power transfer, power module and communication module unit.
Described solar cell board supporting structure is located at apart from about 2/3rds places, strut bar bottom.
Adopt conjoined structure between described support platform and the main buoyancy aid loam cake.
Described protective case extends to main buoyancy aid loam cake place.
Described panorama obtains that catadioptre and upper reflector are the double-reflecting face complementary structure under the optical element.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model comprises main buoyancy aid, pillar stiffener, image collecting device.Main float structure comprises floating drum, top cover and deflation hole, consist of the basic platform that supports image collecting device, the electronic component composing images processing platforms such as its inner registration device, communication facilities, image processing circuit plate and control circuit board are realized the functions such as image restoring (the annular distortion panorama sketch that will catch is transformed into true Cylindrical panoramic image), image transmitting.Pillar stiffener is the parts that connect main buoyancy aid and image collecting device, but its inside placement of images communication cable and electric weight transmission cable, for graphicinformation and electric weight transmission provide the failure-free signal line.Image collecting device comprises that protective case, image capture device (camera/camcorder) anchor fitting and the complementary panorama of double-reflecting face obtain optical element.
Adopt said structure, when buoy swim in the sea stable after, to start registration device and image capture device (camera/camcorder), image capture device will capture the annular distortion panorama sketch through the complementary panoramic optical element reflects of double-reflecting face, this image is through the processing unit of cable transmission to the buoyancy aid, be reduced into original Cylindrical panoramic image, the image after the reduction transfers to bank base acception station through communication facilities, finally realizes large tracts of land marine site overall view monitoring.
Beneficial effect:The utility model has the advantages that and to obtain large-area marine site panoramic picture, simple in structure, imaging effect good (traditional single minute surface catadioptric imaging system becomes the low and inhomogeneous shortcoming of resolution of image Existential Space resolution), compatible existing image capture device.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the cutaway view of large tracts of land marine site overall view monitoring buoy; Wherein, main buoyancy aid 1, main buoyancy aid lower cover 2, coupling link 3, main buoyancy aid loam cake 4, deflation hole 5, reinforcing base 6, strut bar 7, solar cell board supporting structure 8, support platform 9, base 10, image capture device 11, protective case 12, lower catadioptre 13, panoramic picture harvester 14, upper reflector 15.
Fig. 2 is the main buoyancy aid internal unit composition diagram of sea monitoring buoy.
The specific embodiment
Be described further below in conjunction with the described embodiment of accompanying drawing.
Embodiment 1
Referring to Fig. 1, marine site overall view monitoring buoy is made of main buoyancy aid 1, support platform 9 and panoramic picture harvester 14.Main buoyancy aid 1 Main Function is to provide the aquatic work platform for panoramic picture harvester 14 and annex thereof; support platform 9 Main Functions are on the sea for guaranteeing panoramic picture harvester 14 all the time; panoramic picture harvester 14 is to obtain the front end executive that the sea panoramic picture gathers; its Main Function is the working space that waterproof is provided to image capture device (pick up camera, photographic camera), plays the effect of protection image capture device (pick up camera, photographic camera).
Main buoyancy aid 1 is comprised of main buoyancy aid lower cover 2, coupling link 3 and main buoyancy aid loam cake 4, its material can be selected the anticorrosive materials such as plastics (such as ABS) or metal (such as aluminium, corrosion-resistant steel), select the techniques such as screw thread, welding, waterproof be bonding to connect by coupling link 3 between main buoyancy aid lower cover 2 and the main buoyancy aid loam cake 4, detachable to guarantee main buoyancy aid, and has a higher water tightness, main buoyancy aid loam cake 4 tops arrange deflation hole 5, and are required for main buoyancy aid 1 internal electronic element heat radiation.Support platform 9 forms by reinforcing base 6 and strut bar 7, reinforce base 6 and adopt cylindrical-conical support platform, strut bar 7 adopts hollow structure, its inner connecting cables such as placement of images collecting device (camera/camcorder), solar panel that are used for, the materials such as material selection pvc pipe, 4 of support platform 9 and main buoyancy aid loam cakes adopt conjoined structure, to reduce the use of attaching parts.2/3rds places arrange solar cell board supporting structure 8 apart from strut bar 7 bottoms, and solar panel provides new energy for internal battery, to prolong the life-span of whole work system.Panoramic picture harvester 14 is by base 10; image capture device 11; protective case 12; panorama obtains catadioptre 13 and upper reflector 15 compositions under the optical element; image collecting device permanent seat 10 is used for still image collecting device (camera/camcorder); compass and antenna; its surface arranges via hole and is used for image capture device 11 cablings; image capture device 11 adopts waterproof; with the seawater reserve battery; infra-red heat sensing camera/camcorder with memory function; in order to monitor at night or in other harsies environment, image capture device 11 passes through support; screw thread; the connection mode formula of button is placed on the base 10.Protective case 12 adopts columniform optical glass; panorama obtains catadioptre 13 and upper reflector 15 composition Catadioptric omnidirectional imaging system under the optical element; lower catadioptre 13 and upper reflector 15 and the coaxial placement of image capture device (camera/camcorder); lower catadioptre 13 minute surface central area hollow outs; camera lens upwards is placed in one, and it is the catadioptre on a smooth plane that upper reflector 15 minute surface bottom transverse are blocked.Lower catadioptre 13 and upper reflector 15 form the double-reflecting face complementary structure, reflex by upper and lower two minute surfaces, so that the same space point is respectively through two different light paths, in the complementary secondary imaging of the inner and outer ring of the figure of omnidirectional, can improve the serious inhomogeneous problem of omnidirectional image resolution distribution on tangential direction.Be the panorama sketch of annular distortion through the image of Catadioptric omnidirectional imaging system collection, need the image processing platform through main buoyancy aid 1 in be reduced into real panorama histogram picture, finally by the interior communication module real-time Transmission of main buoyancy aid 1 to bank base acception station.
Main buoyancy aid 1 internal main will comprise the unit such as power transfer, power module, communication module, its inner composition frame chart as shown in Figure 2, each module is under the control of computer/controller, and the functions such as image processing, image transmitting, buoy location are finished in co-ordination.Power transfer is responsible for solar power or other Energy transfers to battery module, to prolong the service life of buoy, this device can take traditional cable that has to charge or no touch delivery of electrical energy module, power module is responsible for providing computer/controller, the electric weight of control unit etc., can select standard 12V ocean reserve battery, this module also can act on counterweight element and use, the Image Real-time Transmission that communication module is responsible for machine as calculated/controller is processed is to bank base acception station, locating module is responsible for providing the real time position of buoy, can select Big Dipper module to realize simultaneously communication and positioning function, the computer/controller module is the panoramic picture reduction, the core cell of system's control can select the TMS320C55 series digit signal processor of low-power consumption to realize.
The above-mentioned specific embodiment does not limit technical scheme of the present invention in any form, and every employing is equal to replaces or technical scheme that the mode of equivalent transformation obtains all drops on protection scope of the present invention:
1) no matter panorama obtains under the optical element catadioptre 13 and upper reflector 15 and is doing in shape any variation, and every employing double-reflecting face complementary structure is realized the method that large tracts of land marine site panoramic picture gathers, and all drops within the utility model protection domain.
2) no matter panoramic picture harvester 14 is done any variation in shape and position, as protective case 12 is extended to
Main buoyancy aid loam cake place, every employing hollow support post is realized supporting image collecting device, and finishes the mode of cabling, all drops within the utility model protection domain.
3) no matter what solar power has change laying the position, and every traditional cable or non-contact type electric energy transport module (having dual mode) of can utilizing realized the method that electric energy replenishes, and all thinks within the utility model protection domain.
No matter what main buoyancy aid has change (as increasing multiple oceanographic hydrological element sensor) 1 inner the composition in function; every method of utilizing the Big Dipper to realize realtime graphic transmission and self poisoning; and utilize the super low-power consumption digital signal processor as controller; the panoramic picture processing platform of finally building is all thought within the utility model protection domain.

Claims (8)

1. large tracts of land marine site overall view monitoring buoy, it is characterized in that: described marine site overall view monitoring buoy comprises main buoyancy aid (1), support platform (9) and panoramic picture harvester (14); Described main buoyancy aid (1) comprises main buoyancy aid lower cover (2), coupling link (3) and main buoyancy aid loam cake (4), coupling link (3) is located between main buoyancy aid lower cover (2) and the main buoyancy aid loam cake (4) both is connected, and main buoyancy aid loam cake (4) top is provided with deflation hole (5); Support platform (9) comprises reinforces base (6) and strut bar (7), one end of support platform (9) is connected with main buoyancy aid loam cake (4) by reinforcing base (6), the other end is connected with panoramic picture harvester (14), and described strut bar (7) is provided with solar cell board supporting structure (8); Panoramic picture harvester (14) comprises base (10); image capture device (11); compass; antenna; protective case (12); panorama obtains catadioptre under the optical element (13) and upper reflector (15) forms; described image capture device (11); compass and antenna are located on the base (10); susceptor surface is provided with through hole and is used for image capture device (11) cabling; protective case (12) adopts columniform optical glass; panorama obtains catadioptre under the optical element (13) and upper reflector (15) forms Catadioptric omnidirectional imaging system; lower catadioptre (13) and upper reflector (15) and the coaxial placement of image capture device (11); lower catadioptre (13) minute surface central area hollow out; camera lens upwards is placed in one, and it is the catadioptre on a smooth plane that upper reflector (15) minute surface bottom transverse is blocked.
2. a kind of large tracts of land according to claim 1 marine site overall view monitoring buoy is characterized in that described reinforcing base (6) adopts cylindrical-conical support platform.
3. a kind of large tracts of land according to claim 1 marine site overall view monitoring buoy is characterized in that described strut bar (7) adopts hollow structure, and it is inner to be used for arranging connecting cable.
4. a kind of large tracts of land according to claim 1 marine site overall view monitoring buoy is characterized in that described main buoyancy aid (1) inside is provided with power transfer, power module and communication module unit.
5. a kind of large tracts of land according to claim 1 marine site overall view monitoring buoy is characterized in that described solar cell board supporting structure (8) is located at apart from about 2/3rds places, strut bar (7) bottom.
6. a kind of large tracts of land according to claim 1 marine site overall view monitoring buoy is characterized in that adopting conjoined structure between described support platform (9) and the main buoyancy aid loam cake (4).
7. a kind of large tracts of land according to claim 1 marine site overall view monitoring buoy is characterized in that described protective case (12) extends to main buoyancy aid loam cake place.
8. a kind of large tracts of land according to claim 1 marine site overall view monitoring buoy is characterized in that described panorama obtains catadioptre under the optical element (13) and upper reflector (15) is the double-reflecting face complementary structure.
CN 201220289367 2012-06-19 2012-06-19 Large sea area panoramic monitoring buoy CN202703852U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220289367 CN202703852U (en) 2012-06-19 2012-06-19 Large sea area panoramic monitoring buoy

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220289367 CN202703852U (en) 2012-06-19 2012-06-19 Large sea area panoramic monitoring buoy

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103674963A (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-03-26 上海嘉珏实业有限公司 Tunnel detection device based on digital panoramic photography and detection method thereof
CN104015885A (en) * 2014-06-19 2014-09-03 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Ocean buoy
CN104627323A (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-05-20 国家海洋技术中心 Jettison type weather drifting buoy
CN105430328A (en) * 2015-11-07 2016-03-23 常州大学 Scene monitoring terminal for offshore aquafarm
CN105430329A (en) * 2015-11-07 2016-03-23 常州大学 Scene monitoring terminal for fresh-water purse net culturing farm
CN105739074A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-07-06 宁波舜宇光电信息有限公司 Optical imaging device and condenser thereof
CN106403901A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 国家海洋技术中心 Measuring apparatus and method for attitude of buoy
WO2017097263A1 (en) * 2015-12-11 2017-06-15 宁波舜宇光电信息有限公司 Optical imaging apparatus, condenser thereof, and application thereof

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103674963A (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-03-26 上海嘉珏实业有限公司 Tunnel detection device based on digital panoramic photography and detection method thereof
CN104015885A (en) * 2014-06-19 2014-09-03 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Ocean buoy
CN104627323A (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-05-20 国家海洋技术中心 Jettison type weather drifting buoy
CN105430328A (en) * 2015-11-07 2016-03-23 常州大学 Scene monitoring terminal for offshore aquafarm
CN105430329A (en) * 2015-11-07 2016-03-23 常州大学 Scene monitoring terminal for fresh-water purse net culturing farm
WO2017097263A1 (en) * 2015-12-11 2017-06-15 宁波舜宇光电信息有限公司 Optical imaging apparatus, condenser thereof, and application thereof
CN105739074A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-07-06 宁波舜宇光电信息有限公司 Optical imaging device and condenser thereof
CN106403901A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 国家海洋技术中心 Measuring apparatus and method for attitude of buoy
CN106403901B (en) * 2016-08-31 2019-05-17 国家海洋技术中心 A kind of buoy attitude measuring and method

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130130

Termination date: 20130619