CN202696571U - Household appliance energy-saving control device - Google Patents

Household appliance energy-saving control device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202696571U
CN202696571U CN 201220265007 CN201220265007U CN202696571U CN 202696571 U CN202696571 U CN 202696571U CN 201220265007 CN201220265007 CN 201220265007 CN 201220265007 U CN201220265007 U CN 201220265007U CN 202696571 U CN202696571 U CN 202696571U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power supply
output
control
energy
saving
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201220265007
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
兰如根
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兰如根
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Priority to CN 201220265007 priority Critical patent/CN202696571U/en
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Publication of CN202696571U publication Critical patent/CN202696571U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a household appliance energy-saving control device which is characterized by consisting of a switch with a relay, a system power supply, a time delay circuit, a relay control circuit, an electronic energy meter, a main control output end and a controlled output end. The control circuit is simple and when a household appliance at the main control output end is shut down or in a standby state and a power less than a set power is output, the energy-saving control is carried out and all power supplies are automatically switched off. The household appliance energy-saving control device has zero power consumption and is energy-saving. When the household appliance energy-saving controller is switched on, all household appliances are switched on and vice versa. The trouble of pulling out a power supply plug or switching off a switch on a socket after the household appliances are used each time is saved. The household appliance energy-saving control device is suitable for the single household electrical appliance or a plurality of related series electrical appliances; due to the utilization of a power measurement circuit of the electronic energy meter, the household appliance energy-saving control device is suitable for detecting loads with various performances; the household appliance energy-saving control device is accurate and reliable; the control circuit has low power consumption; and the household appliance energy-saving control device adopts a small number of components, is low in cost, convenient and practical, safe and energy-saving and trouble-saving, and can be used for preventing people from forgetting switching off the power supplies.

Description

The household electrical appliances energy-saving control device
Technical field:
The utility model belongs to field of electric control, relates to a kind of energy-saving control circuit.
Background technology:
When 1. people make electrical appliance, often forget power cutoff, or the remote-control closedown standby, all can waste electric energy, be unfavorable for maintaining electrical equipment, affect appliance life, even lead to a disaster.There are power consumption and standby safety problem.
Power consumption during 2. for the elimination electric appliance standby is avoided long-time energising, needs unplugg after most electrical equipment are finished, and cut off AC power, and frequent plug bothers not only, more aggravates loose contact, damages plugs and sockets, and impact is used.
3. mostly circuit is complicated for existing energy-saving controller, job insecurity, and cost is high, Maintenance Difficulty.
Summary of the invention:
The utility model purpose is to provide a kind of energy-saving control circuit of automatic AC shutoff; Utilize the power-measuring circuit of electronic electric energy meter, detect the variation of the electric current of master control output electric appliance load, electrical equipment shutdown or the standby of master control output, output are cut off all power during less than the power set automatically, and zero-power is energy-conservation.Control a machine, all turn-off.Be fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use.
The household electrical appliances energy-saving control device is characterized in that, by the tape relay switch, and system power supply, delay circuit, control relay circuit, electron watt-hour meter, master control output and controlled output form.
The tape relay switch, its two groups of switches are serially connected with respectively the power supply input/output terminal, power supply output L holds one the tunnel to connect electron watt-hour meter terminals one, power supply output N end connects electron watt-hour meter terminals three, electron watt-hour meter terminals one and terminals four connect controlled electrical equipment, be controlled output ⑺, electron watt-hour meter terminals two and terminals four connect master control electrical equipment, are master control output ⑹.
Controlled output ⑺ one tunnel meets the system power supply ⑵ of capacitance current-limiting step-down and rectifying and wave-filtering voltage stabilizing, and system power supply ⑵ is connected in delay circuit ⑷ and control relay circuit ⑸; The positive pole of system power supply is through the triggering input of capacitor C 1 to delay circuit IC1, and the triggering input connecting resistance R1 of delay circuit IC1 is to the negative pole of system power supply; Electron watt-hour meter terminals five and terminals six, the electron watt-hour meter terminals mark that has is different, the positive pole that is system power supply is used for the optocoupler output CK1 of test and CK2, resistance R 5 are controlled triode Q1 to time-delay base stage through the electron watt-hour meter count pulse, the base stage of time-delay control triode Q1 is through the negative pole of resistance R 6 to system power supply, and emitter and the collector electrode of time-delay control triode Q1 are connected to capacitor C 1 two ends; The output of delay circuit IC1 is through resistance R 7, the voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 control utmost point to controllable silicon SCR 1, the control utmost point warp of controllable silicon SCR 1 and the resistance R 8 that connects, capacitor C 4 are to the system power supply negative pole, controllable silicon SCR 1 negative electrode welding system power cathode, the coil-end welding system positive source of controllable silicon SCR 1 anode band relay switch.
The circuit working process:
When pressing the tape relay switch, power connection, system power supply is delayed time to capacitor C 1 charging through resistance R 1, in the triggering input terminal voltage reduction process of delay circuit IC1, if starting, the master control electrical equipment of output enters normal operating conditions, the electron watt-hour meter count pulse is used for the intermittently conducting of optocoupler output of test, intermittently conducting of triode Q1, the charging voltage Cycle-release of capacitor C 1, the charging voltage of capacitor C 1, namely the triggering input current potential of delay control circuit IC2 is in more than 2/3rds of system power supply voltage, the output of delay control circuit IC2 is electronegative potential, voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 cut-off, controllable silicon SCR 1 does not open control, power connection.
When the electrical appliance of master control output is not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the electric appliance power of master control output is during less than set point, the electron watt-hour meter count pulse is elongated for the optocoupler output ON time at intermittence of test, system power supply is delayed time to capacitor C 1 charging through resistance R 1, the triggering input current potential of delay circuit IC1 is in below 2/3rds of system power supply voltage, the output of delay circuit IC1 is high potential, voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 conducting, controllable silicon SCR 1 conducting, relay gets electric adhesive, the tape relay switch discharges, and power supply all turn-offs.
When pressing the tape relay switch, i.e. hand off power supply.
Capacitor C 1, resistance R 1 are the adjustment element of delay time, so that master control electrical equipment when normal operation, the electron watt-hour meter count pulse is used for the optocoupler output ON time at intermittence of test less than its delay time, and when master control electrical equipment is not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the optocoupler output intermittently ON time much larger than its time delayed turn-off time.Behind the power remove, the charging voltage of delay capacitor C1 is released through the interior circuit of delay circuit IC1, prepares for circuit starts again.
Beneficial effect:
Control circuit is simple, and the shutdown of the electrical equipment of master control output or standby, output are carried out Energy Saving Control during less than the power set, automatically cut off all power.Zero-power is energy-conservation.Namely realize control master control electrical equipment one machine, reach the time-delay of the controlled electrical equipment series of master control electrical equipment device power supply (DPS) and all turn-off purpose that zero-power is energy-conservation.Reach energy-saving and cost-reducing purpose.One opens standard-sized sheet, and one closes complete shut-down.Save the trouble of pulling out attaching plug after each usefulness or turning off switch on the socket.Be fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use, the load detecting of the applicable various performances of electron watt-hour meter, accurately reliable, can measure the electric weight that shows that master control electrical equipment consumes, control circuit is low in energy consumption, and element is few, and cost is low, convenient and practical, energy-saving safe, memorandum saves trouble.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is pie graph.Fig. 2 is circuit diagram.
Among Fig. 2: start button ⑴, system power supply ⑵, electron watt-hour meter ⑶, delay circuit ⑷, relay ⑸, master control output ⑹, controlled output ⑺.
Embodiment:
The household electrical appliances energy-saving control device as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, is fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use, and control master control electrical equipment one machine reaches all a kind of household electrical appliances energy-saving control devices of shutoff purpose of the controlled electrical equipment series of master control electrical equipment device power supply (DPS) time-delay; It is characterized in that, by the tape relay switch, system power supply, delay circuit, control relay circuit, electron watt-hour meter, master control output and controlled output form.
Wherein: the tape relay switch, its two groups of K switch 1-1, K1-2 are serially connected with respectively the power supply input/output terminal, KM1 is its pull-in winding, and R1-8 is resistance, and C1-3 is electrochemical capacitor, C4 is the electric capacity of the dacron of 0.47-0.68 μ F/400V, D1-2 is rectifier diode IN4007, and indicator light is light-emitting diode TD1, and VD1-2 is voltage-stabiliser tube, SCR1 is one-way SCR, and IC1 is time-base integrated circuit NE555; Q1 is NPN type triode.
Electron watt-hour meter terminals five and terminals six, the electron watt-hour meter terminals mark that has is different, be optocoupler output CK1 and the CK2 that the electron watt-hour meter count pulse is used for test, the electron watt-hour meter mark ' CK+ ' and ' CK-' that have, perhaps '+' and '-' are perhaps with other numerals of circle.Note positive and negative terminal during wiring, during the master control electrical work, with the charged electrical pressure energy of itself and the capacitor C 1 that connects by Cycle-release.
When pressing the tape relay switch, power connection, system power supply is delayed time to capacitor C 1 charging through resistance R 1, in capacitor C 1 charging time-delay, be in the triggering input terminal voltage reduction process of delay circuit IC1, if starting, the master control electrical equipment of output enters normal operating conditions, the electron watt-hour meter count pulse is used for the intermittently conducting of optocoupler output of test, intermittently conducting of triode Q1, the charging voltage Cycle-release of capacitor C 1, the charging voltage of capacitor C 1, the triggering input current potential that is delay control circuit IC2 is in more than 2/3rds of system power supply voltage, and the output of delay control circuit IC2 is electronegative potential, voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 cut-off, controllable silicon SCR 1 does not open control, power connection.
When the electrical appliance of master control output is not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the electric appliance power of master control output is during less than set point, the electron watt-hour meter count pulse is elongated for the optocoupler output ON time at intermittence of test, system power supply is delayed time to capacitor C 1 charging through resistance R 1, the triggering input current potential of delay circuit IC1 is in below 2/3rds of system power supply voltage, the output of delay circuit IC1 is high potential, voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 conducting, controllable silicon SCR 1 conducting, relay gets electric adhesive, the tape relay switch discharges, and power supply all turn-offs.
When pressing the tape relay switch, i.e. hand off power supply.
Capacitor C 1, resistance R 1 are the adjustment element of delay time, so that master control electrical equipment when normal operation, the electron watt-hour meter count pulse is used for the optocoupler output ON time at intermittence of test less than its delay time, and when master control electrical equipment is not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the optocoupler output intermittently ON time much larger than its time delayed turn-off time.Behind the power remove, the charging voltage of delay capacitor C1 is released through the interior circuit of delay circuit IC1, prepares for circuit starts again.
Start:
Press the tape relay switch, power connection, the controlled electrical equipment of master control enters normal operating conditions.And the television set that has needs just can carry out the secondary start by the power key of remote controller again, start to enter normal operating conditions.
Shutdown:
A: again press the tape relay switch, cut off the electricity supply.
B: turn-off master control electrical equipment, master control electrical equipment quits work, and through electric circuit inspection, cuts off the electricity supply.
C: master control electrical equipment is finished the work, and enters holding state, through electric circuit inspection, cuts off the electricity supply.
D: computer through electric circuit inspection, is cut off the electricity supply after entering the program shutdown.
E: make the master control electric appliance standby with remote controller, or become holding state after setting the television set turning device to sleep mode, detect through energy-saving control circuit, control tape relay switch discharges dump.
Use rule: TV is seen in the bedroom, and the machine of switching off the TV of need not getting up closes set-top box, it is more convenient to seem during cold day, before falling asleep, sleep is set regularly 30 minutes such as RTV remote television, television set enters holding state after 30 minutes, through electric circuit inspection, cuts off the electricity supply, namely turn-off the power supply of television set simultaneously, together with controlled peripheral hardware electrical equipment, such as set-top box, the power supplys such as satellite receiver are controlled shutdown also, this controller power source turn-offs simultaneously, and zero-power is energy-conservation, memorandum.
The household electrical appliances energy-saving control device, master control electrical equipment shutdown or work are finished and are entered holding state, and output is carried out Energy Saving Control during less than the power set, and the time-delay of serial equipment power supply is all turn-offed, and zero-power is energy-conservation.Control a machine, turn-off all.Be fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use.Utilize the power-measuring circuit of electronic electric energy meter, be fit to the load detecting of various performances, accurately reliable, control circuit is low in energy consumption, and element is few, and cost is low, and is convenient and practical, energy-saving safe, and memorandum saves trouble.

Claims (1)

1. the household electrical appliances energy-saving control device is characterized in that, by the tape relay switch, and system power supply, delay circuit, control relay circuit, electron watt-hour meter, master control output and controlled output form; The tape relay switch, its two groups of switches are serially connected with respectively the power supply input/output terminal, power supply output L holds one the tunnel to connect electron watt-hour meter terminals one, power supply output N end connects electron watt-hour meter terminals three, electron watt-hour meter terminals one and terminals four connect controlled electrical equipment, be controlled output ⑺, electron watt-hour meter terminals two and terminals four connect master control electrical equipment, are master control output ⑹; Controlled output ⑺ one tunnel meets the system power supply ⑵ of capacitance current-limiting step-down and rectifying and wave-filtering voltage stabilizing, and system power supply ⑵ is connected in delay circuit ⑷ and control relay circuit ⑸; The positive pole of system power supply is through the triggering input of capacitor C 1 to delay circuit IC1, and the triggering input connecting resistance R1 of delay circuit IC1 is to the negative pole of system power supply; Electron watt-hour meter terminals five and terminals six, the electron watt-hour meter terminals mark that has is different, the positive pole that is system power supply is used for the optocoupler output CK1 of test and CK2, resistance R 5 are controlled triode Q1 to time-delay base stage through the electron watt-hour meter count pulse, the base stage of time-delay control triode Q1 is through the negative pole of resistance R 6 to system power supply, and emitter and the collector electrode of time-delay control triode Q1 are connected to capacitor C 1 two ends; The output of delay circuit IC1 is through resistance R 7, the voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 control utmost point to controllable silicon SCR 1, the control utmost point warp of controllable silicon SCR 1 and the resistance R 8 that connects, capacitor C 4 are to the system power supply negative pole, controllable silicon SCR 1 negative electrode welding system power cathode, the coil-end welding system positive source of controllable silicon SCR 1 anode band relay switch.
CN 201220265007 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Household appliance energy-saving control device Expired - Fee Related CN202696571U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220265007 CN202696571U (en) 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Household appliance energy-saving control device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220265007 CN202696571U (en) 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Household appliance energy-saving control device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202696571U true CN202696571U (en) 2013-01-23

Family

ID=47552121

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220265007 Expired - Fee Related CN202696571U (en) 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Household appliance energy-saving control device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202696571U (en)

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130123

Termination date: 20130606