CN202693768U - Loop algorithm verification test bench of hybrid/electric automobile drive motor system hardware - Google Patents

Loop algorithm verification test bench of hybrid/electric automobile drive motor system hardware Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202693768U
CN202693768U CN 201220363391 CN201220363391U CN202693768U CN 202693768 U CN202693768 U CN 202693768U CN 201220363391 CN201220363391 CN 201220363391 CN 201220363391 U CN201220363391 U CN 201220363391U CN 202693768 U CN202693768 U CN 202693768U
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China
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motor
power
load
electric
battery
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CN 201220363391
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王德军
王健
潘丹丹
王雪
于波
王丽华
陈虹
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Jilin University
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Jilin University
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a loop algorithm verification test bench of hybrid/electric automobile drive motor system hardware and especially relates to a motor control and braking energy recycling policy testing system of energy-saving vehicle-mounted motor/battery hardware of a hybrid/electric automobile under loop automobile travelling all-environment simulation. According to the utility model, power drive devices such as a power motor, a battery pack and an IGBT (Insulated Gate Bipolar Translator) are used for creating a simulation test bench, the simulation test bench can be used for quickly verifying a power motor control policy, a braking energy recycling policy and a whole-automobile control effect of various automobile models under all environment in the created semi-physical simulation system by matching the high quality simulation environment and setting parameters, and the motor control policy and the braking energy recycling policy of the electric automobile are dynamically integrated. The loop algorithm verification test bench can be used for reducing the capital investment of a real automobile test, saving the development cost, shortening the development period and reducing the real automobile test times and danger while saving energy.

Description

Hybrid power/driving motor for electric automobile system hardware is at Circuit Algorithms demonstration test platform
Technical field:
The utility model relates to a kind of hybrid power/electric powered motor motor/cell hardware loop test bed, relates in particular to the vehicle-mounted power motor/cell hardware of a kind of energy-saving hybrid power/electric automobile Electric Machine Control and braking energy take-back strategy test macro under the Vehicle Driving Cycle loopful border emulation of loop.
Background technology:
At present, vehicle traction and the control technology based on engine reaches its maturity.But, along with being on the increase of vehicles number, environmental pollution and petroleum resources scarcity are day by day remarkable, and hybrid power/electric automobile makes countries in the world all actively study hardy the electric automobile that can replace orthodox car because it has environmental protection and energy utilization rate advantages of higher.Hybrid power and electric automobile application technology thereby obtain fast development.As power source, vehicle-mounted power motor/battery system is the important component part of hybrid power/electric vehicle.Because the core of hybrid vehicle is battery, electric motor and controller system, battery charge state, drive motor and controller performance play crucial effect to the performance of whole electric automobile, set up that relevant power motor based on the car load environment/battery special test testing table is very urgent and necessary.
At present, most of existing patent documentation about motor test mostly is the motor performance test function and does.Patent documentation about hybrid power or electric automobile vehicle mounted electric machine testing table is few, mostly is also that certain special test institute does or perfect not." control is coordinated in electric vehicle abs braking and motor regenerative braking " by name such as China Automotive Technology ﹠ Research Center's proposition, its application number is 200910228940.5, the applying date is 2009.12.02, application publication number is CN101701877A, relates to electric vehicle abs braking and motor regenerative braking coordination control strategy.The utility model of " protector for bench test of motor of hybrid vehicle " by name that Shanghai Huapu Car Co., Ltd proposes; application number is 201020589748.7; the applying date is 2010.11.04; application publication number is CN201937237U, only relates to the safeguard measure in the motor of hybrid power automobile bench test process.
To this test macro comparatively similar be the utility model of China No.1 Automobile Group Co " a kind of novel hybrid powder motor test-bed " by name of proposing, application number is 201020553678.x, the applying date is 2010.09.29, application publication number is CN201867477U, this test-bed function is comparatively complete, but it is in service to have ignored real vehicle, and the state-of-charge of battery is on the impact of motor control strategy.As everyone knows, the state-of-charge of battery is larger on the enforcement impact of motor control strategy, should give sufficient consideration.This test-bed uses dynamometer machine as load equipment, and cost is expensive.And testing table itself is energy-conservation not and environmental protection.This test macro has used different technical schemes, and (seeing hypomere) in these areas improves to some extent.
The utility model is based on the online embedded technology of real-time simulation hardware, set up the state-of-charge of considering battery, with direct current generator as load, and can the various motor control strategy of fast verification, braking energy take-back strategy and other each several parts of vehicle depend on the testing table of the control strategy validity of motor dynamics behavior.Under the complete hardware-in-the-loop simulation environment of setting up, cooperate the high-quality simulated environment, by the parameter setting, can the various vehicles of fast verification, power motor control strategy, braking energy take-back strategy and car load control effect under the various road conditions, various environment, and can effectively reduce the equipment development cost, experimental facilities itself has energy-conservation characteristics concurrently.Therefore, can reduce the test fund input, save cost of development, shorten the construction cycle, reduce number of times and the danger of real train test.
Summary of the invention:
The utility model relates to a kind of hybrid power/electric powered motor motor/cell hardware loop test bed, relates in particular to the vehicle-mounted power motor/cell hardware of a kind of energy-saving hybrid power/electric automobile test of heuristics system under the loopful border emulation of loop.Solve the motor control strategy and the fast verification problem of braking energy take-back strategy, the wherein power saving of the consideration reduction cost of development of testing equipment own and process of the test that embed the motor hardware system under the full simulated environment of car load.
By reference to the accompanying drawings, be described as follows:
A kind of hybrid power/driving motor for electric automobile system hardware comprises main frame, target industrial computer, motor stand, signal section at Circuit Algorithms demonstration test platform, and main frame 6 is connected with the target industrial computer by 5 connections of serial communication line.
Described motor stand comprises power motor 11, load motor 8, power battery pack 22, load electric battery 21, IGBT driver module 18, loading charging module 17 and braking load-on module 16; Described power motor 11 and load motor 8 are fixed on the iron floor 13, and two motor shafts connect by shaft coupling 10 with one heart, and the input end of IGBT driver module 18 is connected hi-line is connected with power motor with power battery pack 22 respectively and is connected with output terminal; Loading charging module 17 and the input end of being connected load-on module 16 is connected hi-line and is connected with load motor with load electric battery 21 respectively and is connected with output terminal;
Described signal section comprises the voltage that is installed in power motor 11 power inputs or IGBT driver module 18 output terminals, current sensor I14, be installed in the voltage of braking loading unit 16 output terminals, current sensor II15, be installed in power battery pack 22 and load electric battery 21 output terminals and be used for measuring its voltage, the sensor I of electric current and temperature, II19,20, be fixed on the speed pickup 7 on the concentric shafts, they are connected to signal conditioning circuit plate 2 by signal wire respectively, all signals that are connected to signal conditioning circuit plate 2 are connected to the terminal strip 3 of target industrial computer after conditioning, data collecting card collects in the target machine in the target industrial computer by being installed in again, processes for data.
Described power battery pack 22 is connected with the load electric battery and is connected with battery charger 24 respectively, can charge by 24 pairs of electric battery 22,21 of battery charger.
Described load motor 8 is the good direct current generator of reversibility.
Described power motor 11 can be selected phase asynchronous alternating current generator, synchronous permanent-magnet AC machine, direct current torque motor or switched reluctance machines.
Beneficial effect: the utility model adopts the simulator stand that makes up in kind such as power motor, electric battery, IGBT constant power driving element, in the semi-matter simulating system of setting up, cooperate the high-quality simulated environment, by the parameter setting, can the various vehicles of fast verification, power motor control strategy, braking energy take-back strategy and car load control effect under the loopful border, electric vehicle motor control strategy and braking energy take-back strategy authentication policy are integrated dynamically.The cost of testing table own is relatively cheap, and can carry out recycling to the energy major part of transmitting in the experimentation.Therefore, accomplish energy-conservation in, can reduce the real train test fund input, save cost of development, shorten the construction cycle, reduce number of times and the danger of real train test.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is floor plan of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is testing machine theory diagram of the present utility model.
Wherein: 1, worktable, 2, the signal conditioning circuit plate, 3, signal acquiring board, 4, the target industrial computer, 5, signal wire, 6, main frame, 7, speed pickup, 8, the load direct current generator, 9, power line, 10, shaft coupling, 11, power motor, 12, the controlled power line of state, 13, the iron floor, 14, voltage-current sensor I, 15, voltage-current sensor II, 16, the braking load-on module, 17, load charging module, 18, the IGBT driver module, 19, electric current and voltage temperature sensor I, 20, electric current and voltage temperature sensor II, 21, the load electric battery, 22, power battery pack, 23, optional power line, 24, battery charger
Embodiment:
Divide from function, this testing table mainly contains following each several part and consists of: motor and electric machine controller part, power, load electric battery part, battery status monitoring part, loading section, motor load measure portion.
Therefore the exploitation of this test platform, must be put into the functional analysis of stand platform in the hybrid vehicle whole system engineering for hybrid power/electric vehicle exploitation service.This testing table adopts hardware in ring thought, the car load environment is placed in the target industrial computer with the form of the AMESim whole vehicle model built, purpose is to simulate the car load environment, motor (and engine, optional) provide car load required power, the motor part is controlled as controlled device separately as the hardware components of hardware at ring in the whole vehicle model.The energy flowing mode is: power battery pack provides direct current to driver module, exports to power motor after driver module control, and output mechanical energy carries out energy through the load electric battery and reclaims the effect that reaches energy-conservation; Or provide dynamic braking or anti-drawing force motor to carry out energy feedback to power battery pack by load motor.That mechanical flange connects between motor and the load motor.Load motor controller obtains required torque-demand from car load power assembly module.
Loading section
When the torque rotary speed family curve that carries out motor is tested and carried out the various performance test of electric automobile, all need to apply mechanical load to motor.The simulation link of load is direct current generator, is used for fictitious load by motor being carried out excitation control.The size of required load is provided by the torque-demand in the whole vehicle model.When the external excitation of direct current generator, when motor was in generating state, at this moment the electric energy that produces of motor charged to the load electric battery through load battery controller regulation output, to add required mechanical load to power motor.When control makes load motor be in motoring condition, be used for the anti-feed situation of dragging of simulation power motor, checking motor braking energy take-back strategy.
Electric battery and controller thereof
Be divided into power battery pack and load electric battery, power battery pack provides power source for the electric operation of power motor, and its state-of-charge parameter collects in the target industrial computer for processing via data collecting card.
The load electric battery reclaims power motor output energy simultaneously as the power motor load regulator.Its process realizes by load controller.
Measure portion
Motor experimental bench should be able to measure the corresponding electrical quantity of motor and mechanical parameter, the output torque of motor, rotating speed, and the parameter such as the voltage at input end of motor and electric battery two ends, electric current.By the data card collection, process for the target industrial computer.
Motor module and electric machine controller
Motor and control system are as the important power source of hybrid power/electric automobile, and its performance is encircled well the direct power performance that affects hybrid power/electric automobile whole.This part carries out signals collecting to respective sensor, is linked on the supporting PCLD-8115 terminal board of target industrial computer, reliably is connected with multifunctional data acquiring control card PCL-818 series integrated circuit board, realizes the link of signal acquiring board and industrial computer.Here industrial computer is as target machine, and its effect is: communicate by letter with the target industrial computer by main frame, Electric Machine Control algorithm executable code is downloaded in the target industrial computer, be used for realizing the function of controller, and then realize motor speed and torque control.
The utility model has multiple embodiments, and power motor can be taked phase asynchronous alternating current generator, Thee-phase alternating current permanent-magnetic motor, direct current torque motor, switch magneto.Specific embodiments when now getting three-phase permanent magnet synchronous motor in conjunction with power motor.
Hybrid power/electric automobile motor drive system hardware comprises main frame, target industrial computer, motor stand, signal section in Circuit Algorithms demonstration test platform structure, and main frame 6 is connected with target machine by 5 connections of serial communication line.
Described motor stand comprises power motor 11, load motor 8, power battery pack 22, load electric battery 21, IGBT driver module 18, loads charging module 17 and braking load-on module 16; Described power motor 11 and load motor 8 are fixed on the iron floor 13, and two motor shafts connect by shaft coupling 10 with one heart, and the input end of IGBT driver module 18 is connected hi-line is connected with power motor with power battery pack 22 respectively and is connected with output terminal; Loading charging module 17 and the input end of being connected load-on module 16 is connected hi-line and is connected with load motor with load electric battery 21 respectively and is connected with output terminal;
Fixed speed sensor 7 on concentric shafts, sensor signal is connected to signal conditioning circuit plate 2 by signal wire.The sensor I14 that is installed in power motor 11 power inputs or IGBT driver module 18 output terminals is used for power motor voltage, current signal is measured, and is connected to signal conditioning circuit plate 2 by signal wire.The electric current, the voltage sensor II15 that are installed in braking loading unit 16 output terminals are connected to signal conditioning circuit plate 2 by signal wire.Power battery pack 22 and load electric battery 21 are at close motor 11,8 local side by side fixed installation discharging, output terminal at them all fixedly is equipped with for the sensor I, the II19 that measure its voltage, electric current and temperature, 20, monitor the current state-of-charge of electric battery, all be connected to signal regulating panel 2 by signal wire.All signals that are connected to signal conditioning circuit plate 2 are connected to terminal strip 3 after conditioning, data collecting card collects in the target machine in the target industrial computer by being installed in again, processes for data.Power battery pack is connected with the load electric battery and is exchanged connection according to actual conditions.Described power battery pack 22 is connected with the load electric battery and is connected with battery charger 24 respectively, can charge by 24 pairs of electric battery 22,21 of battery charger in case of necessity.
IGBT driver module 18, load charging module 17 and braking load-on module 16 specific works modes and output signal to the terminal strip 3 of target industrial computer by target industrial computer 4 by data collecting card, output signal is controlled after driving through signal conditioning circuit plate 2.Main frame 6 is connected with target machine by 5 connections of serial communication line, realizes that executable code enforcement embeds the function of downloading, at last the control target of realize target machine.
Below, take electric vehicle as example, in conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, specify the working mechanism of this testing table.
The utility model has the multiple technologies experimental program.
The first experimental program: electric automobile under the situation such as open car, accelerate, travel at the uniform speed, the checking motor control strategy.Power motor is in motor-operated running state, and the load direct current generator is in generating state, external excitation.Follow following process of the test and mechanism.
1. corresponding reference speed, the target machine that high-quality AMEsim vehicle complete vehicle Dynamics Simulation Model is housed provides the torque demand in the Vehicle Driving Cycle process, inputs as the reference moment of torsion.
2. with the reference input of given moment of torsion reference input as load controller, with load motor as controlled device, with the load driver module as actuator, with the voltage at load electric battery the two poles of the earth and working current as feedback quantity, form closed-loop system, with the charging process of High-Accuracy PWM mode control load motor to the load electric battery, and then track reference inputs to the power motor loading.
3. power motor is being given under the effect of fixed load, requirement by reference speed, with power motor as controlled device, as actuator, as feedback quantity, form closed-loop system with the voltage of power motor stator terminal and working current with the IGBT driver module, adjust through the Electric Machine Control algorithm, through the inversion of IGBT driver module, the charging output torque of control power motor is to cater to the demand of vehicle operating moment of torsion, the track reference speed of a motor vehicle.Wherein, the Electric Machine Control algorithm need be considered the power battery pack state-of-charge.Checking Electric Machine Control algorithm is observed the control effect to motor output torque and rotating speed in this part.
The second experimental program: electric automobile is verified the braking energy take-back strategy under the braking situation.Power motor is in the feed running status, and load motor is in motoring condition, external excitation.Follow following process of the test and mechanism.
1. corresponding damped condition, the target machine that high-quality AMEsim vehicle complete vehicle Dynamics Simulation Model is housed provides brake torque signals and the speed of a motor vehicle situation of change in the car brakeing process, as output reference torque and the rotating speed of load motor.
2. with given moment of torsion reference and rotating speed reference, reference input as load controller, with load motor as controlled device, to brake load-on module as topworks, as power source, load motor armature terminal voltage and working current form closed-loop system as feedback quantity with the load electric battery, with High-Accuracy PWM mode control load motor, track reference moment of torsion and reference speed.
3. power motor is being given under the dragging of fixed load, with the IGBT driver module as topworks, with power battery pack both end voltage and charging current as feedback quantity, form closed-loop system, reclaim the algorithm adjustment through braking energy, through the rectification of IGBT driver module, power battery pack is charged.Checking braking energy take-back strategy in this part, the control effect of observing the energy take-back strategy.
The third experimental program: unite front two kinds of experimental programs, according to running conditions of vehicle, merge load controller and electric machine controller by switch logic control, realize the Electric Machine Control algorithm under the full operating mode of electric vehicle and energy are reclaimed proof of algorithm.
The utility model design relates to vehicle and comprises motor vehicle driven by mixed power and pure electric vehicle.

Claims (4)

1. hybrid power/driving motor for electric automobile system hardware is at Circuit Algorithms demonstration test platform, comprise main frame, target industrial computer, motor stand, signal section, wherein main frame (6) is connected 4 with the target industrial computer) connect by serial communication line (5), it is characterized in that:
Described motor stand comprises power motor (11), load motor (8), power battery pack (22), load electric battery (21), IGBT driver module (18), loads charging module (17) and braking load-on module (16); Described power motor (11) and load motor (8) are fixed on the iron floor (13), two motor shafts connect by shaft coupling (10) with one heart, and the input end of IGBT driver module (18) is connected hi-line with output terminal is connected 11 with power battery pack (22) with power motor respectively) be connected; Loading charging module (17) is connected hi-line with the input end of being connected load-on module (16) with output terminal is connected 8 with load electric battery (21) with load motor respectively) be connected;
Described signal section comprises the voltage that is installed in power motor (11) power input or IGBT driver module (18) output terminal, current sensor I (14), be installed in the voltage of braking loading unit (16) output terminal, current sensor II (15), be installed in respectively power battery pack (22) and load electric battery (21) output terminal and be used for measuring its voltage, the sensor I of electric current and temperature, II (19,20), be fixed on the speed pickup (7) on the concentric shafts, they are connected to signal conditioning circuit plate (2) by signal wire respectively, all signals that are connected to signal conditioning circuit plate (2) are connected to the terminal strip (3) of target industrial computer after conditioning, data collecting card collects in the target industrial computer in the target industrial computer by being installed in again, processes for data.
2. a kind of hybrid power according to claim 1/driving motor for electric automobile system hardware is at Circuit Algorithms demonstration test platform, it is characterized in that described power battery pack (22) is connected 21 with the load electric battery) be connected with battery charger (24) respectively, can charge to electric battery (22,21) by battery charger (24).
3. a kind of hybrid power according to claim 1/driving motor for electric automobile system hardware is characterized in that at Circuit Algorithms demonstration test platform, and described load motor (8) is the good direct current generator of reversibility.
4. a kind of hybrid power according to claim 1/driving motor for electric automobile system hardware is at Circuit Algorithms demonstration test platform, it is characterized in that described power motor (11) can be selected phase asynchronous alternating current generator, synchronous permanent-magnet AC machine, direct current torque motor or switched reluctance machines.
CN 201220363391 2012-07-25 2012-07-25 Loop algorithm verification test bench of hybrid/electric automobile drive motor system hardware Expired - Fee Related CN202693768U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102749583A (en) * 2012-07-25 2012-10-24 吉林大学 Hybrid power/electric vehicle drive motor system hardware-in-loop algorithm verification test bed
CN103197254A (en) * 2013-03-28 2013-07-10 西南大学 Testing device and testing method of battery performance in the process of moving of electric vehicle
CN104007385A (en) * 2013-12-21 2014-08-27 柳州科尔数字化制造技术有限公司 Motor test bench
CN108829110A (en) * 2018-08-06 2018-11-16 吉林大学 A kind of pilot model modeling method of cross/longitudinal movement Unified frame
CN109001634A (en) * 2018-06-05 2018-12-14 北京新能源汽车股份有限公司 A kind of electric car testboard bay
CN110658454A (en) * 2019-09-27 2020-01-07 吉孚汽车技术(浙江)有限公司 Brushless direct current motor integrated test system

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102749583A (en) * 2012-07-25 2012-10-24 吉林大学 Hybrid power/electric vehicle drive motor system hardware-in-loop algorithm verification test bed
CN103197254A (en) * 2013-03-28 2013-07-10 西南大学 Testing device and testing method of battery performance in the process of moving of electric vehicle
CN103197254B (en) * 2013-03-28 2015-05-13 西南大学 Testing device and testing method of battery performance in the process of moving of electric vehicle
CN104007385A (en) * 2013-12-21 2014-08-27 柳州科尔数字化制造技术有限公司 Motor test bench
CN109001634A (en) * 2018-06-05 2018-12-14 北京新能源汽车股份有限公司 A kind of electric car testboard bay
CN108829110A (en) * 2018-08-06 2018-11-16 吉林大学 A kind of pilot model modeling method of cross/longitudinal movement Unified frame
CN110658454A (en) * 2019-09-27 2020-01-07 吉孚汽车技术(浙江)有限公司 Brushless direct current motor integrated test system

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