CN202693037U - Indoor environment monitoring device - Google Patents

Indoor environment monitoring device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202693037U
CN202693037U CN 201220378940 CN201220378940U CN202693037U CN 202693037 U CN202693037 U CN 202693037U CN 201220378940 CN201220378940 CN 201220378940 CN 201220378940 U CN201220378940 U CN 201220378940U CN 202693037 U CN202693037 U CN 202693037U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
wireless transmission
indoor
transmission transceiver
zigbee
chip microcomputer
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201220378940
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨琛
杨晔晨
戴金兰
潘冬冬
郁优梁
邱文斌
Original Assignee
上海海洋大学
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Application filed by 上海海洋大学 filed Critical 上海海洋大学
Priority to CN 201220378940 priority Critical patent/CN202693037U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202693037U publication Critical patent/CN202693037U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an indoor environment monitoring device. An indoor temperature sensor, an indoor humidity sensor, a kitchen carbon monoxide, a kitchen methane sensor, an indoor formaldehyde, an indoor benzene sensor, an indoor carbon dioxide sensor, an indoor ammonia sensor and an indoor inhalable particle sensor transmit signals to a main zigbee wireless transmission transceiver through zigbee wireless transmission transceivers, the main zigbee wireless transmission transceiver transmits the signals to a singlechip, an alarm bell gives an alarm after receiving an alarm signal transmitted by the singlechip, a display screen is connected with the singlechip for displaying air quality, the singlechip is connected with a TC 35 communication module through a serial port, and the alarm signal is transmitted to a mobile phone terminal through the GSM (global system for mobile communication) network.

Description

A kind of indoor environment monitoring device
Technical field
The utility model relates to the environmental monitoring technology field, particularly a kind of indoor environment monitoring device.
Background technology
Along with the development of modern technologies, present sensor technology, the development of the network communications technology are become stronger day by day, and wireless transmission is exactly a part of giving priority to, and head out and zigbee takes advantage of this.Zigbee-technology be a kind of closely, low complex degree, low-power consumption, low data rate, two-way wireless communication technology cheaply, mainly be suitable for automatically control and remote control field, can embed in the various device, support simultaneously geographic positioning functionality.In addition, Zigbee-technology also has stronger noiseproof feature.This characteristic mainly refers to anti-co-channel interference, namely from the interference of the other technologies that share similar frequency bands.Defensive ability/resistance ability for co-channel interference is very important, because it directly has influence on the performance of equipment.Zigbee possesses in the 2.4GHz frequency range that strong anti-interference ability just means can be reliably and wireless phone and the micro-wave oven coexistence of Wi-Fi, bluetooth, Wireless USB and family expenses.Therefore, zigbee is selected in our house type invention.
Data processes and displays single-chip microcomputer, the application of single-chip microcomputer is more and more extensive, has broad application prospects in the products such as intelligence instrument, intelligence instrument, TT﹠C system, digital control system, intelligence interface and multimachine application.The data processing and control of using single-chip microcomputer shows, reports to the police and embody function.
Now, many room air pick-up units are arranged also on the market, also have different forms.
1, there is special Detection of Air Quality unit to sample to the doorstep, test, draw again report.
Function: can carry out comparatively accurate the detection and analysis to air quality.
Principle: the personnel of intra-company utilize various chemical experiments and various instrument to carry out various loaded down with trivial details experiments in the laboratory.
Shortcoming: ask special unit, cumbersome and expensive; Also need to take back the laboratory and analyze to obtain a result and slowly do not have promptness, very inconvenient.
2, the detector of case shape very generally
Function: the equipment of the inside can detect air quality, obtains a result and just can know present air quality.
Shortcoming: inconvenience, what detect also is temporary transient air quality, only has when we detect with instrument, just can know present air quality, can not arrive in air quality in time point out to the user after dangerous.Ordinary people's family can not have this instrument yet, generally is personnel's usefulness just of specialty yet.
3, the detector of a kind of gas of special detection
Function: being mostly the detector of the common toxic and harmfuls such as methylene oxide detecting instrument and carbon monoxide, usually be the content that is used for detecting airborne formaldehyde after the new house finishing, thereby when allow the householder know can enter; Carbonmonoxide detector is exactly to be placed on the kitchen whether detect the carbon monoxide in kitchen excessive.
Principle: have and adopt infrared sensor to detect, useful import thermal conductivity sensor and microcontroller technology detect.Utilize these gas sensors to receive the situation of room air, recycle amplifying circuit, amplification data utilizes A/D converter that analog quantity is changed into digital quantity, is input to the single-chip microcomputer processing and is presented on the liquid crystal display or on the charactron again.
Shortcoming: unicity, can not detect multiple gases, be that the scope of application of instrument becomes narrow.The content of formaldehyde that detects newly-decorated house much all is special personage to detect inconvenience very.Also to hold its detection piecemeal even if having this detecting instrument in the family, waste time and energy.
4, monitor based on the room air of zigbee wireless transmitting system
Function: detect indoor layouting, utilize the zigbee wireless transmission to deliver to host computer and show.
Shortcoming: use the zigbee wirelessly transmitting data, show data with host computer, must someone effect be arranged, and this patent is intended to analysis user environmental amenity degree of living in, do not have detection and the warning of toxic and harmful, degree of safety is not high.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to propose a kind of indoor environment monitoring device, but the multi-field detection of multiparameter, and energy and alarm.
The technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of indoor environment monitoring device, comprise indoor temperature transmitter, indoor humidity sensor, kitchen carbon monoxide transducer, kitchen methane transducer, indoor formaldehyde sensor, indoor benzene sensor, indoor carbon dioxide sensor, indoor ammoniacal sensor, indoor pellet sensor, a plurality of zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, single-chip microcomputer, emergency alarm bell, TC35 communication module and display screen
Indoor temperature transmitter transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by a zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
The indoor humidity sensor transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 2nd zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
The kitchen carbon monoxide transducer transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 3rd zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
The kitchen methane transducer transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 4th zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
The indoor formaldehyde sensor transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 5th zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
Indoor benzene sensor transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 6th zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
The indoor carbon dioxide sensor transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 7th zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
Indoor ammoniacal sensor transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 8th zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
Indoor pellet sensor transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 9th zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
The alerting signal that emergency alarm bell receives the single-chip microcomputer transmission gives the alarm, display screen connects single-chip microcomputer and shows air quality, single-chip microcomputer connects the TC35 communication module by serial ports, send alerting signal to mobile phone terminal by the GSM network again, single-chip microcomputer also connects many colors of LED lamp, image display Indoor Environmental Condition.。
Positive effect of the present utility model is:
1, type of alarm is more effective: the while personnel within doors that give the alarm timely carry out emergent and the precautionary measures, the generation that reduces to endanger timely.The house owner who stays out with the short message mode notice simultaneously, occurent danger in the family has old man or child to be among the manager, and the house owner can make reply faster.For old solitary people, there is note to remind, also can allow the people who is responsible for looking after them know timely situation, more effectively avoid the generation that injures.
2, easy to detect: the present invention can make owner save each detection air quality all will ask loaded down with trivial details that the professional person makes house calls, detection air quality that can be constantly.
3, multi-mode is regulated: newly fit up nobody when moving in when user's house, can regulate pattern, make the utility model be adjusted to timed sending environmental monitoring every day data, make not on-site also can the knowing whether of house owner be fit to move in; When the house is occupied often, be adjusted to usual pattern, detect constantly, danger warning is protected within doors personnel's safety.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structured flowchart of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing the utility model is described further.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of indoor environment monitoring device, comprise indoor temperature transmitter, indoor humidity sensor, kitchen carbon monoxide transducer, kitchen methane transducer, indoor formaldehyde sensor, indoor benzene sensor, indoor carbon dioxide sensor, indoor ammoniacal sensor, indoor pellet sensor, a plurality of zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, single-chip microcomputer, emergency alarm bell, TC35 communication module and display screen
Indoor temperature transmitter transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by a zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
The indoor humidity sensor transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 2nd zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
The kitchen carbon monoxide transducer transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 3rd zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
The kitchen methane transducer transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 4th zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
The indoor formaldehyde sensor transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 5th zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
Indoor benzene sensor transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 6th zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
The indoor carbon dioxide sensor transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 7th zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
Indoor ammoniacal sensor transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 8th zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
Indoor pellet sensor transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 9th zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
The alerting signal that emergency alarm bell receives the single-chip microcomputer transmission gives the alarm, display screen connects single-chip microcomputer and shows air quality, single-chip microcomputer connects the TC35 communication module by serial ports, send alerting signal to mobile phone terminal by the GSM network again, single-chip microcomputer also connects many colors of LED lamp, image display Indoor Environmental Condition.
The utility model type of layouting only shows with a main frame, but the multiple spot monitoring detects the not air quality of chummery, is wirelessly transmitted to the main frame demonstration by zigbee, allows the user comprehensively grasp situation in the family.
Detect gas in the different rooms by a plurality of different check points, multiparameter detects Detection of Air Quality and divides 3 classes: the first kind, environmental degree of comfort: temperature, humidity etc.; Equations of The Second Kind, kitchen safety: carbon monoxide, methane etc.; The 3rd class, decoration safety: formaldehyde, benzene, carbon dioxide, ammonia, pellet etc.There is the right sensor of differing needles in different rooms, such as: the sensor in kitchen all is inflammable gas carbon monoxide, methane etc., the room be the toxic and harmfuls such as formaldehyde, benzene.
The indoor environment monitoring can be carried out the setting of 2 patterns: pattern one: the Real Time Monitoring pattern, and adopt sensor to gather the content of airborne monitored gas, radio to single-chip microcomputer for zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, show; Pattern two: monitoring mode regularly, in the situation that nobody lives, be adjusted to timing mode, regularly send data to the house owner every day and allow the house owner know air quality situation in house today.
Except showing testing result and warning with LED lamp and emergency alarm bell, also have the note prompting function, exist single-chip microcomputer can control the TC35 communication module to send note to usefulness when dangerous, the user who helps to be away from home learns the situation in the family.
Have the affairs prompt function, when the user expects doing something between will be at a time, have when worrying to forget, as long as the user is at that time in the input transaction, reminding user that just can be intimate is in case the user forgets.
Profile makes a kind of ornament, puts the vial of a plurality of back-offs at base, and a plurality of LED lamps are arranged in each vial, and when safety is that vial presents in riotous profusion different color, the vial corresponding with the room presents red and glittering when dangerous the existence.
Liquid crystal display: be contained on the base, in order to displays temperature.
Sensor
The variation of tested gas causes the variation of the resistance value of sensor, and voltage also changes thereupon, is transferred to circuit thereby the parameter of gas is converted into electric weight, is amplified with the A/D converting transmission to cc2530 by circuit again.When his value of output is higher than safety value, circuit turn-on that will trigger alarm device place, this device will give the alarm.
Single-chip microcomputer is processed
Single-chip microcomputer is processed and is divided into two kinds of patterns, and user's free adjustment is arranged:
Pattern one: alarm mode.
When single-chip microcomputer receive come from zigbee wireless transmission transceiver received carbon monoxide and smog alarm signal after, single-chip microcomputer is processed information and is sent one through the note of coding by the RS232 serial ports to the TC35 communication module, and the TC35 communication module transmits this information by existing mobile phone GSM network to user's mobile phone by built-in SIM cards of mobile phones again and in time notifies the user contingent danger.Single-chip microcomputer is presented at information on the TFT True Color LCD after the gas content information of zigbee wireless transmission transceiver reception is processed simultaneously, single-chip microcomputer also is connected with a sounding alarm device simultaneously, when carbon monoxide and smokescope were excessive, single-chip microcomputer can be controlled the emergency alarm bell that the sounding alarm device sends large decibel.
Pattern two: periodic monitor pattern.
Instrument is placed in the house, has the Sensor monitoring data transmission to be wirelessly transmitted to again exchange to zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, regularly transmit data to user mobile phone every day, show the toxic and harmful content on the same day.

Claims (2)

1. indoor environment monitoring device, it is characterized in that: comprise indoor temperature transmitter, indoor humidity sensor, kitchen carbon monoxide transducer, kitchen methane transducer, indoor formaldehyde sensor, indoor benzene sensor, indoor carbon dioxide sensor, indoor ammoniacal sensor, indoor pellet sensor, a plurality of zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, single-chip microcomputer, emergency alarm bell, TC35 communication module and display screen
Indoor temperature transmitter transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by a zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
The indoor humidity sensor transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 2nd zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
The kitchen carbon monoxide transducer transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 3rd zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
The kitchen methane transducer transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 4th zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
The indoor formaldehyde sensor transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 5th zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
Indoor benzene sensor transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 6th zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
The indoor carbon dioxide sensor transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 7th zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
Indoor ammoniacal sensor transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 8th zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
Indoor pellet sensor transmits signal to main zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver by the 9th zigbee wireless transmission transceiver, and this zigbee master's wireless transmission transceiver sends signal to single-chip microcomputer,
The alerting signal that emergency alarm bell receives the single-chip microcomputer transmission gives the alarm, and display screen connects single-chip microcomputer and shows air quality, and single-chip microcomputer connects the TC35 communication module by serial ports, sends alerting signal to mobile phone terminal by the GSM network again.
2. indoor environment monitoring device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: single-chip microcomputer also connects many colors of LED lamp, shows Indoor Environmental Condition.
CN 201220378940 2012-07-31 2012-07-31 Indoor environment monitoring device CN202693037U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103968304A (en) * 2014-05-07 2014-08-06 李军 Indoor LED lamp and environment monitoring system
CN104157124A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-11-19 无锡硅奥科技有限公司 Laser dust particle counting and monitoring system based on Zigbee
CN104280517A (en) * 2014-03-19 2015-01-14 黄克亚 Wireless air quality monitoring system
CN104299391A (en) * 2014-11-04 2015-01-21 刘桂江 Real-time monitoring system for outdoor environment
CN104714415A (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-06-17 安庆师范学院 Smart home poisonous gas prevention and control system and method based on Internet of Things
CN104780200A (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-07-15 武汉智麟安康信息技术有限公司 Wireless fidelity (WIFI) based intelligent internet of things router and environment monitor
CN105139587A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-12-09 江南大学 Gas detection alarm device having information fusion and remote short message function
CN105527855A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-04-27 上海应用技术学院 Intelligent home system based on wireless control and communication anti-collision algorithm thereof
CN106289406A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-01-04 安徽云图信息技术有限公司 Monitoring alarm device
CN106297173A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-01-04 安徽融数信息科技有限责任公司 A kind of family intelligent monitoring system based on Internet of Things
CN108490837A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-09-04 芜湖琅格信息技术有限公司 A kind of control method of domestic intelligent control system
CN108646616A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-10-12 芜湖琅格信息技术有限公司 A kind of domestic intelligent control system
CN109040805A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-12-18 安徽电信器材贸易工业有限责任公司 A kind of network machine top box having environment monitoring function
CN109297877A (en) * 2018-11-05 2019-02-01 江汉大学 Device applied to haze monitoring

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104280517A (en) * 2014-03-19 2015-01-14 黄克亚 Wireless air quality monitoring system
CN103968304A (en) * 2014-05-07 2014-08-06 李军 Indoor LED lamp and environment monitoring system
CN104157124A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-11-19 无锡硅奥科技有限公司 Laser dust particle counting and monitoring system based on Zigbee
CN104299391A (en) * 2014-11-04 2015-01-21 刘桂江 Real-time monitoring system for outdoor environment
CN104780200A (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-07-15 武汉智麟安康信息技术有限公司 Wireless fidelity (WIFI) based intelligent internet of things router and environment monitor
CN104714415A (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-06-17 安庆师范学院 Smart home poisonous gas prevention and control system and method based on Internet of Things
CN105139587B (en) * 2015-07-23 2018-01-05 江南大学 Gas detection alarm device with information fusion and remote short messages function
CN105139587A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-12-09 江南大学 Gas detection alarm device having information fusion and remote short message function
CN105527855A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-04-27 上海应用技术学院 Intelligent home system based on wireless control and communication anti-collision algorithm thereof
CN106289406A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-01-04 安徽云图信息技术有限公司 Monitoring alarm device
CN106297173A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-01-04 安徽融数信息科技有限责任公司 A kind of family intelligent monitoring system based on Internet of Things
CN108490837A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-09-04 芜湖琅格信息技术有限公司 A kind of control method of domestic intelligent control system
CN108646616A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-10-12 芜湖琅格信息技术有限公司 A kind of domestic intelligent control system
CN109040805A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-12-18 安徽电信器材贸易工业有限责任公司 A kind of network machine top box having environment monitoring function
CN109297877A (en) * 2018-11-05 2019-02-01 江汉大学 Device applied to haze monitoring

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