CN202690953U - Hydraulic-mechanical compound transmission device of road sweeper - Google Patents

Hydraulic-mechanical compound transmission device of road sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202690953U
CN202690953U CN 201220217255 CN201220217255U CN202690953U CN 202690953 U CN202690953 U CN 202690953U CN 201220217255 CN201220217255 CN 201220217255 CN 201220217255 U CN201220217255 U CN 201220217255U CN 202690953 U CN202690953 U CN 202690953U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
output shaft
road sweeper
shaft
blower fan
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN 201220217255
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄秋芳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fulongma Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Fujian Longma Environmental Sanitation Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fujian Longma Environmental Sanitation Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Fujian Longma Environmental Sanitation Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN 201220217255 priority Critical patent/CN202690953U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202690953U publication Critical patent/CN202690953U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a hydraulic-mechanical compound transmission device of a road sweeper. The driving and operation power of the road sweeper which is provided with the device is supplied by a chassis engine; when the road sweeper turns into an operation mode, the engine power is distributed and coordinated by the hydraulic-mechanical compound transmission device and then transferred to a vehicle rear axle and operation devices installed on the vehicle rear axle, and drives the vehicle to move and sweep roads; when the road sweeper turns into a transition mode, the compound transmission device is cut off, and an original chassis transmission system is restored. By the structure, the hydraulic-mechanical compound transmission device has the advantages of high transmission efficiency, low oil consumption and low in emission; and a space utilization rate of the road sweeper is high and a sweeping rate of the road sweeper is also high.

Description

Road sweeper hydraulic pressure--mechanical compound gearing
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of environmental sanitation machinery, is specifically related to road sweeper hydraulic pressure--mechanical compound gearing.
Background technique
At present, the urban road cleaning work is realized the do mechanization operation mode substantially, is finished by road-cleaning operation special-purpose vehicle.Existing road cleaning vehicle is generally formed by two class chassis refits, on pretend the industry device provide power by assistant engine, therefore, present road-cleaning vehicle generally uses twin-engined configurations, a motor is used for driving Vehicle Driving Cycle, another motor is used for driving special operation device construction operation, and the defectives such as phenomenon of low load with strong power greatly, often appear in the space that the road sweeper of this twin-engined configurations exists high oil consumption, maximum discharge, twin-engined installation to take special-purpose vehicle; And when adopting the speed changer power take-off power taking of monomotor chassis to drive apparatus for work, though can overcome more bimotored defectives, exist because being subjected to Vehicle Speed and power clutch factor affecting sordid situation to occur sweeping, reduced the sweeping machine clean rate; Chinese patent specification CN 101162043A discloses a kind of machinery--hydraulic composite transmission mechanism, this composite driving mechanism power is inputted by planet carrier, its deficiency one is all to adopt the mechanical-hydraulic composite driving mechanism under all operating modes, even also can't throw off during transition, transmission efficiency is low, causes high oil consumption, and the 2nd, this device power is inputted by planet carrier, its annexation has determined the shortcomings such as it exists governor control characteristics poor, and speed governing is insensitive.
Summary of the invention
The utility model provides a kind of road sweeper hydraulic pressure--mechanical compound gearing, makes road sweeper have simultaneously that transmission efficiency height, oil consumption are low, discharging is little, the advantage that space availability ratio is high, the sweeping machine clean rate is high of sweeper.
For realizing above purpose, the utility model hydraulic pressure is housed--the road sweeper of mechanical compound gearing travels and the power of operation is all provided by engine in situ, engine power is via hydraulic pressure--and pass to respectively the apparatus for work of vehicle rear axle and upper dress after mechanical compound gearing distribution and the coordination, drive simultaneously Vehicle Driving Cycle and road-cleaning operation; The utility model road sweeper hydraulic pressure--mechanical compound gearing comprises blower fan driving gear, blower fan transmission output shaft, gear one, clutch collar one, input shaft, gear two, planet carrier, gear three, volume adjustable hydraulic pump, fixed displacement motor, gear four, ring gear gear, gear five, sun gear, idle pulley, planet wheel, output shaft, clutch collar two, gear six, casing, ring gear and jack shaft; Clutch collar one is contained in the input shaft end, and clutch collar two is contained in the output shaft head end, and clutch collar one and clutch collar two are divided into transmission shaft input shaft, jack shaft and the output shaft that is in same axis; Input shaft and sweeper engine in situ transmission output shaft connect, gear one empty set often meshes on input shaft and with blower fan driving gear and gear two, environmental sanitation vehicles enters work pattern when clutch collar one is dialled forward, input shaft actuation gear one, gear two is coaxial with sun gear, sun gear and planet wheel and ring gear consist of planetary gear train, thereby drive volume adjustable hydraulic pump with ring gear gear and gear three engagements of ring gear one, this planetary gear train power is inputted by sun gear, part input power flow outputs to gear five by planet carrier, another part input power flow is by ring gear gear drive volume adjustable hydraulic pump, thereby drive oil hydraulic motor and output power to gear five, gear five converges two strands of power streams by the engagement idle pulley, output to output shaft by idle pulley engaging gear six, output shaft outputs power to sweeper chassis back axle, thereby drives Vehicle Driving Cycle; The blower fan driving gear drives the blower fan transmission output shaft, drives the running of road sweeper blower fan; The other end of blower fan transmission output shaft can drive sweeping machine mekydro pump work.Environmental sanitation vehicles enters the transition pattern when clutch collar one dials backward that simultaneously clutch collar two is also dialled backward, and this moment, compound gearing disconnected, input shaft by jack shaft directly with the output shaft connection, recover former vehicle chassis transmission system.
Described planet wheel is more than two.
Above-mentioned hydraulic pressure is housed--the road sweeper of mechanical compound gearing adopts the monomotor configuration, adopt mechanical-hydraulic Composite Transmission mode to work during operation, and transition the time can recover former vehicle chassis transmission system, to reduce road sweeper operation oil consumption, reduce the operation discharging, improve simultaneously the space availability ratio of road sweeper.Pass through repetition test, this road sweeper mechanical-hydraulic compound gearing has realized that the single power coordination drives Vehicle Driving Cycle and road work device, two kinds of actions do not interfere with each other, pass through simultaneously machinery--hydraulic pressure combination flooding motor vehicle is travelled higher than the efficient that adopts pure hydraulic drive vehicle to travel, and has reached the effect of energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is the utility model road sweeper hydraulic pressure--mechanical compound gearing master cross-sectional schematic.
Each label is in the accompanying drawing: blower fan driving gear 1, blower fan transmission output shaft 2, gear 1, clutch collar 1, input shaft 5, gear 26, ring gear gear 7, gear 38, volume adjustable hydraulic pump 9, fixed displacement motor 10, gear 4 11, planet carrier 12, gear 5 13, sun gear 14, idle pulley 15, planet wheel 16, output shaft 17, clutch collar 2 18, gear 6 19, casing 20, ring gear 21 and jack shaft 22.
Embodiment
Below by the drawings and specific embodiments to the utility model road sweeper hydraulic pressure--mechanical compound gearing is described in further detail.
As shown in drawings, the utility model road sweeper hydraulic pressure--mechanical compound gearing comprises blower fan driving gear 1, blower fan transmission output shaft 2, gear 1, clutch collar 1, input shaft 5, gear 26, ring gear gear 7, gear 38, volume adjustable hydraulic pump 9, fixed displacement motor 10, gear 4 11, planet carrier 12, gear 5 13, sun gear 14, idle pulley 15, planet wheel 16, output shaft 17, clutch collar 2 18, gear 6 19, casing 20, ring gear 21 and jack shaft 22; Input shaft 5 connects with environmental sanitation sweeping machine engine in situ transmission output shaft, and environmental sanitation vehicles enters work pattern when clutch collar 1 is dialled forward, input shaft 5 actuation gears 1, and gear 1 drives sun gear 14 runnings by engaging gear 26; From planet carrier 12 outputs, this part belongs to mechanical output stream to a part of power of sun gear 14 runnings by engagement planet wheel 16; Another part power drives volume adjustable hydraulic pump 9 by planet wheel engagement ring gear 21 by ring gear gear 7 engaging gears 38, and volume adjustable hydraulic pump 9 forms the quiet liquid drive system of enclosed with fixed displacement motor 10, actuation gear 4 11, thereby actuation gear 5 13 outputs, this part belongs to hydraulic power stream.Two strands of power streams of machinery and hydraulic pressure compile by gear 5 13, and through idle pulley 15 driver output axles 17, output shaft 17 outputs power to sweeper chassis back axle, thereby drives Vehicle Driving Cycle, realizes the mechanical-hydraulic Composite Transmission.Simultaneously, another part power of input shaft 5 drives blower fan transmission output shaft 2 by gear one 3 engagement blower fan driving gears 1, drives the running of road sweeper blower fan; The other end of blower fan transmission output shaft 2 can drive sweeping machine mekydro pump work.
Fix that is input shaft 5 rotating speeds can be realized the constant speed drive of road sweeper blower fan fixedly the time in engine speed, thereby obtain good cleaning effect; And can realize the stepless change of sweeping machine speed not being subjected to the impact of engine speed by the discharge capacity of Moderator Variable oil hydraulic pump 9, solve the high rotating speed of job requirements motor and travelled and required the slow-revving contradiction of motor.Because machinery driving efficiency is higher than hydraulicefficiency, by experiment, the mechanical output shunt ratio of this compound gearing accounts for 60%, so transmission efficiency is higher than pure hydraulicdriven efficient.Environmental sanitation vehicles enters the transition pattern when clutch collar 1 dials backward that simultaneously clutch collar 2 18 is also dialled backward, and this moment, compound gearing disconnected, and input shaft 5 directly connects by jack shaft 22 and output shaft 17, recovers former vehicle chassis transmission system.Because adopt monomotor configuration and compound gearing, this environmental sanitation vehicles oil-saving effect is remarkable.

Claims (2)

1. a road sweeper hydraulic pressure--mechanical compound gearing, it comprises blower fan driving gear (1), blower fan transmission output shaft (2), gear one (3), input shaft (5), gear two (6), ring gear gear (7), gear three (8), volume adjustable hydraulic pump (9), fixed displacement motor (10), gear four (11), planet carrier (12), gear five (13), sun gear (14), idle pulley (15), planet wheel (16), output shaft (17), gear six (19), casing (20) and ring gear (21), input shaft (5) connects with environmental sanitation sweeping machine engine in situ transmission output shaft; It is characterized in that: further comprising the clutch collar two (18) that is contained in the terminal clutch collar one (4) of input shaft (5) and is contained in output shaft (17) head end, clutch collar one and clutch collar two are divided into transmission shaft input shaft (5), jack shaft (22) and the output shaft (17) that is in same axis; Described gear one (3) empty set is on input shaft (5), and with two (6) the normal engagements of blower fan driving gear (1) and gear, environmental sanitation vehicles enters work pattern when clutch collar one (4) is dialled forward, input shaft (5) actuation gear one (3), gear two (6) is coaxial with sun gear (14), sun gear (14) consists of planetary gear train with planet wheel (16) and ring gear (21), with the ring gear gear (7) of ring gear (21) one with gear three (8) thus engagement drives volume adjustable hydraulic pump (9), this planetary gear train power is by sun gear (14) input, part input power flow outputs to gear five (13) by planet carrier (12), another part input power flow drives volume adjustable hydraulic pump (9) by ring gear gear (7), thereby drive oil hydraulic motor (10) and output power to gear five (13), gear five (13) converges two strands of power streams by engagement idle pulley (15), output to output shaft (17) by idle pulley (15) engaging gear six (19), output shaft (17) outputs power to sweeper chassis back axle, thereby drives Vehicle Driving Cycle; Blower fan driving gear (1) drives blower fan transmission output shaft (2), drives the running of road sweeper blower fan, and the other end of blower fan transmission output shaft (2) can drive sweeping machine mekydro pump work; Environmental sanitation vehicles enters the transition pattern when clutch collar one (4) dials backward that simultaneously clutch collar two (18) is also dialled backward, this moment, compound gearing disconnected, input shaft (5) is direct and output shaft (17) connection by jack shaft (21), recovers former vehicle chassis transmission system.
2. described road sweeper hydraulic pressure--mechanical compound gearing is characterized in that according to claim 1: described planet wheel (16) is more than two.
CN 201220217255 2012-05-15 2012-05-15 Hydraulic-mechanical compound transmission device of road sweeper Withdrawn - After Issue CN202690953U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220217255 CN202690953U (en) 2012-05-15 2012-05-15 Hydraulic-mechanical compound transmission device of road sweeper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220217255 CN202690953U (en) 2012-05-15 2012-05-15 Hydraulic-mechanical compound transmission device of road sweeper

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202690953U true CN202690953U (en) 2013-01-23

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220217255 Withdrawn - After Issue CN202690953U (en) 2012-05-15 2012-05-15 Hydraulic-mechanical compound transmission device of road sweeper

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN202690953U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102650334A (en) * 2012-05-15 2012-08-29 福建龙马环卫装备股份有限公司 Hydraulic-mechanical composite transmission device of road sweeper
CN104827895A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-08-12 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Transmission and execution system for pure electric sweeper, vehicle and control method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102650334A (en) * 2012-05-15 2012-08-29 福建龙马环卫装备股份有限公司 Hydraulic-mechanical composite transmission device of road sweeper
CN102650334B (en) * 2012-05-15 2015-03-18 福建龙马环卫装备股份有限公司 Hydraulic-mechanical composite transmission device of road sweeper
CN104827895A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-08-12 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Transmission and execution system for pure electric sweeper, vehicle and control method
CN104827895B (en) * 2014-12-08 2017-08-04 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 The transmission and execution system of pure electric sweeper truck, vehicle and control method

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20130123

Effective date of abandoning: 20150318

RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant