CN202684644U - Five-axis linkage machining center - Google Patents

Five-axis linkage machining center Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202684644U
CN202684644U CN 201220280112 CN201220280112U CN202684644U CN 202684644 U CN202684644 U CN 202684644U CN 201220280112 CN201220280112 CN 201220280112 CN 201220280112 U CN201220280112 U CN 201220280112U CN 202684644 U CN202684644 U CN 202684644U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axis
provided
bed
gantry
machining
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CN 201220280112
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李爱军
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佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司
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Priority to CN 201220280112 priority Critical patent/CN202684644U/en
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Publication of CN202684644U publication Critical patent/CN202684644U/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides a five-axis linkage machining center which comprises a bed body, a portal frame, a handpice, clamps and tool magazine. An X-axis guide rail is arranged on the bed body; the portal frame is assembled on the X-axis guide rail through a sliding plate in a sliding mode; the bed body is further provided with an X-axis wire rail used for enabling the clamps to slide; the clamps are multiple, are arranged on the X-axis wire rail in a parallel and sliding mode, and pass from between two stand columns of the portal frame; a beam of the portal frame is provided with a Y-axis guide rail; the tool magazine capable of revolving around a Y-axis to change a tool is arranged on one stand column of the portal frame; the body of the handpiece is correspondingly vertically arranged on the Y-axis guide rail; and the bottom of the handpiece is provided with a five-spindle head, the five-spindle head is provided with a linear coordinate axis Z, a swinging coordinate axis A and a gyration coordinate axis C, and in detail, the five-spindle head can move along the Z-axis direction, swing and change the tool around the X-axis and revolve around the C-axis. Due to adoption of the five-axis linkage structure, the five-axis linkage machining center is skilled in space surface machining, irregular machining, hollow-out machining, punching, inclined holes, inclined cutting and the like, and complicated machining can be completed when a workpiece is clamped only once.

Description

—种五轴联动加工中心 - kind five-axis machining center

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及数控机床的技术领域,尤其是指一种五轴联动加工中心。 [0001] Technical Field The present invention relates to CNC machine tools, particularly to a five-axis machining center.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着工业科学技术的不断进步与发展,机械加工行业已向高精度、高效率、高自动化的方向发展,这无疑对数控机床的加工性能和稳定性提出了更高的要求。 [0002] With the progress and development of industrial science and technology, high-precision machining industry has been the development of high efficiency, high automation direction, which is no doubt the stability and processing performance CNC machine tools put forward higher requirements. 目前,对于一些复杂,要求尺寸精度高且外形尺寸较大的零部件,用现有的三轴、四轴及五面体加工中心加工往往需要对零部件设计专用夹具对其进行二次或多次装夹方能完成加工,但零部件经过多次变换装夹容易产生累积误差,尺寸精度不易保证,然而对于一些极其复杂的零部件的加工,如叶片、船用螺旋桨、重型发电机转子、汽轮机转子、大型柴油机曲轴等,三轴、四轴及五面体加工中心是无法完成加工的,这大大的限制了企业的生产效率和规模。 Currently, complex, high dimensional accuracy and a large dimension parts, component designs often require special fixtures with conventional three-, four- and five-face machining center body subjected to two or more times clamping in order to complete the processing, but after many transformation clamping parts cumulative error prone, difficult to guarantee the dimensional accuracy, however, for some extremely complex processing components, such as blades, marine propellers, heavy generator rotor, turbine rotor, large diesel engine crankshaft, for three, four and five-processing center is unable to complete the process, which greatly limits the productivity and size of the business.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本实用新型的目的在于克服现有技术的不足,提供一种设计合理可靠、稳定性高、自动化程度高、加工方便快捷、高精度、高效率的五轴联动加工中心。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art, to provide a reliable and rational design, high stability, high degree of automation, processing convenience, precision and high efficiency of the five-axis machining center.

[0004] 为实现上述目的,本实用新型所提供的技术方案为:一种五轴联动加工中心,它包括有床身、龙门架、机头、夹具、刀库,其中,所述的床身上设置有X轴导轨,龙门架通过滑板滑动装配在该X轴导轨上,同时,在该床身上设置有用于夹具滑动的X轴线轨,夹具为多个并列地滑动装配在该X轴线轨上,并且从龙门架的两立柱间经过;所述龙门架的横梁上设置有Y轴导轨,同时,在该龙门架的一立柱上安装有可绕Y轴旋转换刀的刀库,机头的机身对应竖直装配在上述Y轴导轨上,并且,该机头的底部设置有一五轴头,且该五轴头拥有一个直线坐标轴Z、一个摆动坐标轴A、一个回转坐标轴C,具体为可沿Z轴方向运动、绕X轴摆动换刀、绕Z轴旋转。 [0004] To achieve the above object, the present invention is to provide technical solutions: one kind five-axis machining center, which comprises a bed, gantry, nose, clip, magazine, wherein said machine bed there is provided an X-axis guide rails, the gantry slide plate slidably mounted on the X-axis guide, while the jig is provided for an X-axis slide rails in the bed body, a plurality of parallel slide clamp is fitted on the X axis rail, and passed between the two uprights of the gantry; Y-axis guide rails disposed on the beam of the gantry, and at the same time, rotatably mounted about a Y-axis tool change magazine in a column of the gantry, the machine head vertical mounting on the body corresponding to the Y-axis guide rail, and the bottom of the handpiece is provided with a first axis, the first axis and which has a linear axis Z, a pivot axis a, a rotation axis C, in particular along the Z-axis direction, around the X-axis swing tool change, rotation about the Z axis.

[0005] 所述床身的一端上设置有电箱,并且,在该床身的一侧设置有操作柜,同时,在该床身的底部分别设置有相互配合的螺旋式排屑机、水箱、集屑车。 [0005] The upper end of the bed is provided with an electrical box, and the operation panel is provided with one side of the bed body, at the same time are provided with cooperating screw type chip conveyor of the bottom of the bed, the water tank , scrap car collection.

[0006] 本实用新型在采用了上述方案后,其最大优点在于由于本实用新型采用五轴联动结构,使得其擅长空间曲面加工、异型加工、镂空加工、打孔、斜孔、斜切等,工件一次装夹便可完成复杂的加工,达到了机械加工行业高精度、高效率、高自动化的加工要求,从而大大地提高了企业的生产效率和规模,为机加工企业带来更高经济效益。 [0006] In the present invention, after adopting the above embodiment, since the biggest advantage is that the present invention uses five-axis configuration, such that good surface processing space, special processing, hollowing processing, punching, inclined hole, miter, etc. the work can be completed in a single setup complex processing, mechanical processing industry reached a high precision, high efficiency, high automation of processing requirements, thus greatly improving production efficiency and size of the business, for the machining business lead to higher economic efficiency .

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0007] 图I为本实用新型的结构示意图。 [0007] The novel structural diagram I of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0008] 下面结合具体实施例对本实用新型作进一步说明。 [0008] The following specific examples further described in conjunction with the present invention for.

[0009] 参见附图I所示,本实施例所述的五轴联动加工中心,它包括有床身I、龙门架2、机头3、电箱4、夹具5、刀库6、螺旋式排屑机7、水箱8、集屑车9、操作柜15,其中,本实施例所述的床身I上设置有X轴导轨,其行程达8500mm,龙门架2通过滑板10滑动装配在该X轴导轨上,可在该X轴导轨上进行X轴方向运动,同时,在该床身I上设置有用于夹具5滑动的X轴线轨11,夹具5为多个并列地滑动装配在该X轴线轨11上,并且从龙门架2的两立柱间经过;所述龙门架2的横梁12上设置有Y轴导轨,其行程达900mm,同时,在该龙门架2的一立柱上安装有可绕Y轴旋转换刀的刀库6,机头3的机身对应竖直装配在上述Y轴导轨上,可在该Y轴导轨上整体进行Y轴方向运动,所述机头3的底部设置有一五轴头14,且该五轴头14拥有一个直线坐标轴Z、一个摆动坐标轴A、一个回转坐标轴C,具体为可 [0009] Referring to the drawings shown in I, five-axis machining center of the embodiment of the present embodiment, which includes the bed I, the gantry 2, the head 3, electrical boxes 4, the clip 5, the magazine 6, spiral chip conveyor 7, tank 8, debris collection vehicle 9, the operation panel 15, which is provided with an X-axis guide rails on the bed I described in the present embodiment, the stroke of 8500mm, the gantry 2 by the slider 10 slidably fitted in the the X-axis guide rails, can be performed on the X-axis guide the X-axis direction, while the slide 5 is provided with a jig 11 for X axis rails on the bed I, the clamp 5 is slidably fitted in a plurality of parallel to the X axis rail 11, and passed between the two uprights of the gantry 2; provided with a Y-axis guide rails 12 on the gantry beam 2, the stroke of 900mm, at the same time, may be mounted on a pillar of the gantry 2 rotation about the Y-axis tool change magazine 6, the corresponding vertical mounting head body 3 in the Y-axis guide rails, can be integrally moved in the Y-axis direction on the Y-axis guide rail, the bottom portion 3 of the handpiece axis has a head 14, head 14 and the axis has a linear axis Z, a pivot axis a, a rotation axis C, specifically to be 沿Z轴方向运动(行程达700mm)、绕X轴摆动换刀、绕Z轴旋转。 Movement along the Z-axis direction (stroke of 700mm), swinging around the X-axis tool change, rotation about the Z axis. 此外,本实施例所述的电箱4对应设在该床身I的一端上,操作柜15对应设在该床身I的一侧,同时,螺旋式排屑机7、水箱8、集屑车9分别置于该床身I的底部,并且,它们之间相互配合。 Further, the electric box according to the present embodiment corresponding to the embodiment 4 is provided on one end of the bed I, the operation panel 15 is provided corresponding to one side of the bed I, and at the same time, spiral chip conveyor 7, tank 8, dust collector 9 were placed in the bottom of the vehicle bed I, and, cooperate with each other therebetween. 总之,在采用以上方案后,由于本实用新型采用五轴联动结构,使得其擅长空间曲面加工、异型加工、镂空加工、打孔、斜孔、斜切等,有效实现了工件一次装夹便可完成复杂的加工的目的,达到了机械加工行业高精度、高效率、高自动化的加工要求,从而大大地提高了企业的生产效率和规模,为机加工企业带来更高经济效益,值得推广。 In short, after the introduction of the above embodiment, since the present invention uses five-axis configuration, such that good surface processing space, special processing, hollowing processing, punching, slant holes, chamfered, effectively clamping a workpiece can be achieved the purpose of the completion of complex machining, machining industry reached high precision and high efficiency, high automation of processing requirements, thus greatly improving production efficiency and size of the business, for the machining business lead to higher economic efficiency, it is worth promoting.

[0010] 以上所述之实施例子只为本实用新型之较佳实施例,并非以此限制本实用新型的实施范围,故凡依本实用新型之形状、原理所作的变化,均应涵盖在本实用新型的保护范围内。 [0010] Examples of the above-described embodiments of the present invention, only the preferred embodiment, this is not to limit the scope of the present invention, so any change of shape under this invention, the principle made, should fall in the present utility within the scope of protection.

Claims (2)

1. 一种五轴联动加工中心,其特征在于:它包括有床身(I)、龙门架(2)、机头(3)、夹具(5)、刀库(6),其中,所述的床身(I)上设置有X轴导轨,龙门架(2)通过滑板(10)滑动装配在该X轴导轨上,同时,在该床身(I)上设置有用于夹具(5)滑动的X轴线轨(11),夹具(5)为多个并列地滑动装配在该X轴线轨(11)上,并且从龙门架(2)的两立柱间经过;所述龙门架(2)的横梁(12)上设置有Y轴导轨,同时,在该龙门架(2)的一立柱上安装有可绕Y轴旋转换刀的刀库(6),机头(3)的机身对应竖直装配在上述Y轴导轨上,并且,该机头(3)的底部设置有一五轴头(14),且该五轴头(14)拥有一个直线坐标轴Z、一个摆动坐标轴A、一个回转坐标轴C,具体为可沿Z轴方向运动、绕X轴摆动换刀、绕Z轴旋转。 A five-axis machining center, characterized in that: it comprises a bed (the I), gantry (2), head (3), the clip (5), the magazine (6), wherein the the bed (I) is provided with an X-axis guide rails, the gantry (2) by the slider (10) slidably fitted in the X-axis guide rails, while, provided with a clamp (5) slides on the bed (I) X-axis rail (11), the clip (5) slidably fitted into a plurality of parallel in the X axis rail (11), and passed between the two uprights of the gantry (2); said gantry (2) is provided on the cross member (12) has a Y-axis guide rails, while mounted rotatably around the Y axis tool change magazine (6) on the gantry (2) a column, the head (3) corresponding to the vertical body straight fitted on the Y-axis rail, and is provided with a head axis (14) the bottom of the machine head (3), and the axis of the head (14) has a linear axis Z, a pivot axis a, a rotation axis C, specifically swing tool change to be the Z-axis direction, around the X-axis, rotation about the Z axis.
2.根据权利要求I所述的一种五轴联动加工中心,其特征在于:所述床身(I)的一端上设置有电箱(4),并且,在该床身(I)的一侧设置有操作柜(15),同时,在该床身(I)的底部分别设置有相互配合的螺旋式排屑机(7)、水箱(8)、集屑车(9)。 2. According to a five-axis machining center according to claim I, wherein: there is provided an electrical box (4) on one end of the bed (I), and, in the bed (I) is a side is provided with the operation panel (15), at the same time, provided respectively cooperating spiral chip conveyor (7), water tank (8), debris collection vehicle (9) at the bottom of the bed (I) is.
CN 201220280112 2012-06-14 2012-06-14 Five-axis linkage machining center CN202684644U (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103240349A (en) * 2013-05-15 2013-08-14 连云港杰瑞模具技术有限公司 Device for automatically separating plate finished products and waste materials after numerical control punch processing
CN104308666A (en) * 2014-09-03 2015-01-28 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Machine tool machining center
CN104907892A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-09-16 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Numerical control machining center for large LED lamp installation frame
CN104907866A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-09-16 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 A machining center having an angle-adjustable locating and clamping mechanism
CN105014471A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-11-04 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Machine tool machining center with rear chip remover
CN105058154A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-11-18 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Chip receiving water tank
CN105108534A (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-12-02 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Machine tool machining center with arc-shaped plate fixture
CN105196106A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-12-30 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Drawer type chip removing water tank
CN105415061A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-03-23 大连三垒机器股份有限公司 Increase and removal composited five-axis machining center machine tool
CN106475789A (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-03-08 山东晨灿机械设备股份有限公司 A kind of sheet fabrication center

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103240349A (en) * 2013-05-15 2013-08-14 连云港杰瑞模具技术有限公司 Device for automatically separating plate finished products and waste materials after numerical control punch processing
CN103240349B (en) * 2013-05-15 2015-07-22 连云港杰瑞自动化有限公司 Device for automatically separating plate finished products and waste materials after numerical control punch processing
CN104308666A (en) * 2014-09-03 2015-01-28 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Machine tool machining center
CN104907892A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-09-16 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Numerical control machining center for large LED lamp installation frame
CN104907866A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-09-16 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 A machining center having an angle-adjustable locating and clamping mechanism
CN105014471A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-11-04 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Machine tool machining center with rear chip remover
CN105058154A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-11-18 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Chip receiving water tank
CN105196106A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-12-30 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Drawer type chip removing water tank
CN105108534A (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-12-02 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Machine tool machining center with arc-shaped plate fixture
CN105108534B (en) * 2015-08-21 2018-04-03 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 A kind of machine tooling center with arc board clamp
CN105415061A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-03-23 大连三垒机器股份有限公司 Increase and removal composited five-axis machining center machine tool
CN106475789A (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-03-08 山东晨灿机械设备股份有限公司 A kind of sheet fabrication center

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