CN202660735U - Indoor split air energy water heater - Google Patents

Indoor split air energy water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202660735U
CN202660735U CN 201220003237 CN201220003237U CN202660735U CN 202660735 U CN202660735 U CN 202660735U CN 201220003237 CN201220003237 CN 201220003237 CN 201220003237 U CN201220003237 U CN 201220003237U CN 202660735 U CN202660735 U CN 202660735U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat exchanger
water heater
indoor
air
partial installation
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN 201220003237
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Chinese (zh)
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王全龄
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王全龄
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an indoor split air energy water heater. An outdoor unit and an indoor unit are connected through a connecting pipe and respectively arranged in a room and a bathroom; the outdoor unit consists of a coil cooling heat exchanger; the coil cooling heat exchanger consists of high-rib aluminum-fin integrated heat exchange pipes, and is low in noise, high in heat exchange efficiency and applicable to indoor installation; and the indoor unit consists of a water heating tank, an energy-saving warmer, a refrigerating compressor and an expansion valve. The indoor split air energy water heater has the characteristics of small size, low noise, high efficiency, stability and reliability in heat production and low cost, is not influenced by high and low outdoor temperature, and has bathroom energy-saving and warming functions.

Description

Indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater, is specifically related to a kind of indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater.
Background technology
The air-source that prior art is manufactured or its structure of air energy heat pump formula water heater all are assemblied in the refrigeration devices such as refrigeration compressor and outdoor air heat exchanger in the housing and are called off-premises station, and are installed in the outside, room; Heating water tank and electric control part are divided to be assemblied in the housing and are called indoor set, and are installed in the bathroom.This off-premises station is installed in room outside, when luck promoting the circulation of qi in winter temperature was lower than below 0 ℃, the decay of the efficient of refrigeration compressor was very large, and temperature is lower, and this phenomenon is more serious, is the common fault that affects the air source water heater performance in the present world wide.Outdoor air surface cooling heat exchanger and air heat-exchange are wanted frosting in addition, well-known frost is very large to its thermal resistance of air heat-exchange, cause the heat of outdoor air to be difficult to import among the outdoor air surface cooling heat exchanger, cause the air source heat pump heating efficiency to descend, power consumption increases, particularly even more serious near southern area.Reduce heating efficiency decline phenomenon in order to remedy temperature, prior art is often all larger with the refrigeration compressor power designs, cause air energy heat pump formula water heater cost high, the operation power consumption is not how much lower than Electrothermic water heater, therefore cost performance and electrothermal compare with solar water heater advantage be not outstanding what, so be difficult to surpass electric heating and solar energy type water heater in market, spread is restricted.
The air energy heat pump formula water heater made from prior art both at home and abroad on the other hand, all adopt the air surface cooling heat exchanger of snakelike copper pipe overcoat aluminium fin configuration, the surface cooling air heat exchanger of this structure is arranged because of the horizontal multilayer of its snakelike copper pipe, because gathering, arranges by the vertical snakelike copper pipe of aluminium fin, blower fan is vertically blown over its surface produce larger windage, when passing through the surface cooling air heat exchanger, air-flow produces larger noise, the vibration noise of adding refrigeration compressor mostly surpasses more than the 85dB, moves so be not suitable for it is installed in the room.
Winter, the bathroom environment temperature was all lower, the heating equipment heating such as heat despot commonly used or electric heater, and these electric heating equipments all belong to the high energy consumption product, its electrical power is often also large than air source water heater, this and bathroom adopt the air energy heat pump formula water heater of energy-conservation form to produce larger contrast, so when paying close attention to the heating water and saving energy heating, more should pay attention to bathroom energy-saving heating operation problem.
The utility model content
The utility model is for the problems referred to above, provide a kind of and substitute the off-premises station air surface cooling heat exchanger that snakelike copper pipe overcoat aluminium fin configuration consists of by aluminum alloy materials through the high rib aluminium of the integral type fin heat exchange pipe of pultrusion process, and in indoor partial installation, air energy heat pump formula water heater heating efficiency descends, power consumption is high, bulky, noise is high and a difficult problem that involves great expense because the outside air temperature reduction causes can effectively to solve winter.
The purpose of this utility model is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater, off-premises station 1 and indoor set 2 partial installations are in the room, described off-premises station 1 comprises outdoor table cold heat exchanger 5, and described indoor set 2 comprises that refrigeration compressor 17, coil pipe heated type accumulation of heat water pot 11 and bathroom heating device 13 consist of.
Described off-premises station 1 is connected by taking over 3 with indoor set 2, described outdoor table cold heat exchanger 5 adopts high rib aluminium fin integral type heat exchanger tube 4, exposed vertically the arrangement is welded on formation on refrigerant feed liquid main 21, the return-air collector 22, dispose refrigerant heat(ing) coil 12 in the described coil pipe heated type accumulation of heat water pot 11, described bathroom heating device 13 is made of heating table cold heat exchanger 18 and heating blower fan 19, and described coil pipe heated type accumulation of heat water pot 11 connects expansion valve 16, off-premises station 1, refrigeration compressor 17, bathroom heating device 13 formation closed circuits successively.
Described outdoor table cold heat exchanger 5 comprises air inlet 7, air outlet 8, refrigerant feed liquid interface 9, return-air interface 10, and its top is equipped with low noise blower fan 6; As another kind of structure, described outdoor table cold heat exchanger (5) adopts without the blower fan structure, relies on natural convection air.
Especially, it is the integral type structure by the mould formed by extrusion and tension that described high rib fin integral type heat exchanger tube 4 adopts aluminum alloy materials, and its pipe outer wall fin is radially outward dispersed along tube hub.
Especially, it is the integral type structure by the mould formed by extrusion and tension that described high rib fin integral type heat exchanger tube 4 adopts aluminum alloy materials, and its inside pipe wall has the fin of radially inwardly dispersing along tube hub.
Especially, the low blast of described low noise blower fan 6 employings, the low noise type blower fan of Wind Volume.
Especially, outdoor table cold heat exchanger 5 is by snakelike copper pipe overcoat aluminium fin and dispose blower fan and consist of.
Described coil pipe heated type accumulation of heat water pot 11 by aluminum alloy materials through mould squeeze draw or the casting technique moulding hold that hot water tank stretches simultaneously or casting goes out embedded heat exchanger tube 24.
Described embedded heat exchanger tube 24 inside pipe walls are tooth wing shape, and the pipe outer wall is axial high rib fin shape.
Described embedded heat exchanger tube 24 inside pipe walls are tooth wing shape, and the pipe outer wall is smooth tubular type heat exchanger tube.
The tank body of described coil pipe heated type accumulation of heat water pot 11 is rolled by aluminum alloy plate materials and forms, two ends configuration tube sheet, pipe end and the Tube-sheet Welding of high rib aluminium fin integral type heat exchanger tube 24 are fixed, then with Tube-sheet Welding at the tank body two ends, at last the flow direction of heat exchanger tube 24 by cold-producing medium coupled together with the U-shaped pipe, consist of coil pipe heated type accumulation of heat water pot 11.
Described bathroom heating device 13 is made of the finned air surface cooling of serpentine coil overcoat heat exchanger 18, heating blower fan 19, heating air inlet 14 and heating air outlet 15.
The compressor that this water heater adopts and silent ventilator all adopt VFC.
The utlity model has following advantage:
1, because off-premises station is installed in the room, the indoor environment temperature four seasons are generally all about 18 ℃, the such air heat-exchange of off-premises station air table cold heat exchanger and 18 ℃, the mode of the air source heat pump table cold heat exchanger outdoor mounted that adopts than prior art significantly raises in winter heating's efficient of cold, the heating operation expense of refrigeration compressor is reduced greatly, general comparable prior art split outdoor mounted reduces running cost more than 3~5 times, volume and the size of the refrigeration accessories such as refrigeration compressor under the relatively equal heating capacity all can correspondingly reduce, can significantly reduce its cost and price, basic and present Electrothermic water heater price is more or less the same, and this is great for the extensive dissemination of energy-saving air source water heater large tracts of land.
2, pull into the manufacturing of the high rib aluminium of integral type fin heat exchange pipe because off-premises station air table cold heat exchanger adopts aluminum alloy materials to squeeze, its advantage is that rib and fin can be done greatly, and heat exchange efficiency height, corresponding heat exchanger can reduced volumes, are convenient to indoor location; In addition because high rib aluminium fin and parent tube are the integral type structure by the mould formed by extrusion and tension, overcome snakelike copper pipe overcoat aluminium fin bi-material in the prior art in conjunction with and the thermal contact resistance that exists and affect the disadvantage of heat exchange efficiency, and reliability and durability improve greatly, and cost is also cheap than the finned surface cooler of prior art coiled pipe overcoat aluminium.
3, because the exposed vertically arrangement of the high rib aluminium fin integral type heat exchanger tube that the utility model adopts, this structures shape air is by flowing from the bottom to top between high rib fin, meet air-flow character, gas-flow resistance is little, the off-premises station blower fan can be selected low blast, the low noise type blower fan of Wind Volume, having overcome the prior art air source heat pump uses the finned surface cooler wind resistance of snakelike copper pipe overcoat aluminium large, the large difficult problem of running noises that must select high wind pressure type blower fan and bring is for the off-premises station indoor location has been established technical foundation.
4, owing to disposed bathroom energy-saving heating surface cooler, can in the bathroom, utilize heat pump energy-conserving heating, solved not only that health hot water is energy-conservation to be produced, also solved the problem of bathroom energy-saving heating in winter simultaneously, the energy-saving and emission-reduction meaning is larger.
5, summer the utility model water heater hot water preparing process, off-premises station will be to the free remaining cold refrigeration of indoor supply, also the room season that need to freeze just, can correspondingly save the summer air-conditioning operating cost.
Description of drawings
The below is described in further detail the utility model with embodiment with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the indoor partial installation schematic diagram of this indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater.
Fig. 2 is a kind of example structure schematic diagram of this indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater off-premises station configuration blower fan.
Fig. 3 is this indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater off-premises station top view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the another kind of example structure schematic diagram of this indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater off-premises station.
Fig. 5 is the high rib aluminium of this indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater fin integral type heat exchanger tube schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is that this indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater off-premises station is without the blower fan schematic diagram.
Fig. 7 is that this indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater off-premises station of Fig. 6 is without the blower fan top view.
Fig. 8-1 and 8-2 are the embedded heat exchanger tube schematic diagrames of this indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater coil pipe heated type accumulation of heat water pot.
Fig. 9 is that this indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater coil pipe heated type holds hot water tank and interior heat exchanger tube global formation schematic diagram.
Figure 10 is this indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater indoor machine structure schematic diagram.
Figure 11 is this indoor partial installation formula air energy water heater system principle flow chart.
Among the figure:
1, off-premises station; 2, indoor set; 3, take over; 4, high rib aluminium fin integral type heat exchanger tube; 5, outdoor table cold heat exchanger; 6, low noise blower fan; 7, off-premises station air inlet; 8, off-premises station air outlet; 9, refrigerant feed liquid interface; 10, return-air interface; 11, hot-water cylinder; 12, heat(ing) coil; 13, bathroom heating device; 14, heating air inlet; 15, heating air outlet; 16, expansion valve; 17, compressor; 18, heating table cold heat exchanger; 19, heating blower fan; 20, refrigeration fitting case; 21, feed flow main; 22, return-air collector; 23, drip tray 23.
The specific embodiment
Shown in Fig. 1 to 11, provided a specific embodiment of indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater described in the utility model.This water heater comprises that both are connected by taking over 3 by off-premises station 1 and indoor set 2, and as shown in Figure 1, described off-premises station 1 partial installation is in the room, and described indoor set 2 partial installations are in the bathroom.
Shown in Fig. 2 to 8, off-premises station 1 comprises outdoor table cold heat exchanger 5 and low noise blower fan 6, described outdoor table cold heat exchanger 5 adopts high rib aluminium fin integral type heat exchanger tube 4, exposed vertically the arrangement is welded on formation on refrigerant feed liquid main 21, the return-air collector 22, described low noise blower fan 6 is installed on its top, and the bottom is equipped with drip tray 23.Fig. 4 is without blower fan squelch type off-premises station, and the similar single row of tubes radiator type of structure structure is installed in the not main room such as kitchen by wall.Fig. 6 is that another kind has the shell body formula without blower fan squelch type off-premises station, Mechanical Builds can be cuboid, cylinder, ellipsoid and semiellipsoid and the semicircle bodily form, and shell is equipped with the plastics of colored various pattern or roasting seven metallic plate and makes the same off-premises station of similar ornament and be installed in the room; Fig. 7 is its top view.It is the integral type structure by the mould formed by extrusion and tension that described high rib aluminium fin integral type heat exchanger tube 4 adopts aluminum alloy materials, and its outer tube wall fin is radially outward dispersed along tube hub, as shown in Figure 5.Also can adopt by the mould formed by extrusion and tension is the integral type structure, and its inside pipe wall has the fin of radially inwardly dispersing along tube hub, shown in Fig. 8-1 and 8-2; Adopt vertically and install, air is entered by following off-premises station air inlet 7, flows through from the bottom to top through between the fin of too high rib aluminium fin integral type heat exchanger tube 4, is discharged by the off-premises station air outlet 8 above the top, meet the convection flow of air characteristic, windage is little, and noise is low, contactless thermal resistance, heat exchange efficiency and durability are strong, the low blast that cooperates low noise blower fan 6 to adopt, the low noise type blower fan of Wind Volume is adapted at indoor location.
Shown in Figs. 9 to 11, indoor set 2 forms and comprises hot-water cylinder 11, bathroom heating device 13 and refrigeration fitting case 20, dispose 12 pairs of health hot water heating of refrigerant heat(ing) coil in the described hot-water cylinder 11, described energy-saving heater 13 is made of heating table cold heat exchanger 18 and heating blower fan 19, air is entered by heating air inlet 14 in the bathroom, is discharged by heating air outlet 15 after 18 heating of heating table cold heat exchanger; In the refrigeration fitting case 20 compressor 17 and expansion valve 16 are installed; Described refrigerant heat(ing) coil 12, expansion valve 16, off-premises station table cold heat exchanger 5, compressor 17, heating table cold heat exchanger 18 connect and compose closed circuit successively, and off-premises station 1 is by taking over refrigerant feed liquid interface 9 and the cold-producing medium return-air interface 10 of 3 connection indoor sets 2.
After refrigeration compressor 17 operations, high temperature refrigerant gas through 18 pairs of bathroom air heat of bathroom heating table cold heat exchanger, by heating blower fan 19 to indoor blowing hot-air heating, stop heating blower fan heating operation during by the opening of heating blower fan 19, environment temperature that the mode of stopping is controlled the bathroom or heat hot water.Gaseous state after heating condensation heat release and the liquid cold-producing medium that mixes enter 12 pairs of hot water heatings of refrigerant heat(ing) coil again, refrigerant liquid after the condensation heat release enters 5 evaporations of off-premises station air table cold heat exchanger and absorbs heat in the Indoor Airs through expansion valve 16 throttlings are laggard, and the cooled compressor 17 of the refrigerant gas after the evaporation gasification sucks and continues compression and repeat above-mentioned water heating operation.

Claims (13)

1. indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater, it is characterized in that: off-premises station (1) and indoor set (2) partial installation are in the room, described off-premises station (1) comprises outdoor table cold heat exchanger (5), and described indoor set (2) comprises that refrigeration compressor (17), coil pipe heated type accumulation of heat water pot (11) and bathroom heating device (13) consist of.
2. indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described off-premises station (1) is connected by taking over (3) with indoor set (2), described outdoor table cold heat exchanger (5) adopts high rib aluminium fin integral type heat exchanger tube (4), exposed vertically the arrangement is welded on refrigerant feed liquid main (21), return-air collector (22) is upper to be formed, dispose refrigerant heat(ing) coil (12) in the described coil pipe heated type accumulation of heat water pot (11), described bathroom heating device (13) is made of heating table cold heat exchanger (18) and heating blower fan (19), and described coil pipe heated type accumulation of heat water pot (11) connects expansion valve (16) successively, off-premises station (1), refrigeration compressor (17), bathroom heating device (13) consists of closed circuit.
3. indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described outdoor table cold heat exchanger (5) comprises air inlet (7), air outlet (8), refrigerant feed liquid interface (9), return-air interface (10), and its top is equipped with low noise blower fan (6) or without blower fan.
4. indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: it is the integral type structure by the mould formed by extrusion and tension that described high rib fin integral type heat exchanger tube (4) adopts aluminum alloy materials, and the outer fin of its tube wall is radially outward dispersed along tube hub.
5. indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: it is the integral type structure by the mould formed by extrusion and tension that described high rib fin integral type heat exchanger tube (4) adopts aluminum alloy materials, and its inside pipe wall has the fin of radially inwardly dispersing along tube hub.
6. indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the low blast of described low noise blower fan (6) employing, the low noise type blower fan of Wind Volume.
7. indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: outdoor table cold heat exchanger (5) is made of snakelike copper pipe overcoat aluminium fin and blower fan.
8. indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described coil pipe heated type accumulation of heat water pot (11) by aluminum alloy materials through mould squeeze draw or the casting technique moulding hold that hot water tank stretches simultaneously or casting goes out embedded heat exchanger tube (24).
9. indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described embedded heat exchanger tube (24) inner pipe wall is tooth wing shape, and outer tube wall is axial high rib fin shape.
10. indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described embedded heat exchanger tube (24) inner pipe wall is tooth wing shape, and outer tube wall is smooth tubular type heat exchanger tube.
11. indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: the tank body of described coil pipe heated type accumulation of heat water pot (11) is rolled by aluminum alloy plate materials and forms, two ends configuration tube sheet, welding high rib aluminium fin integral type heat exchanger tube (24) in the tube sheet, then with Tube-sheet Welding at the tank body two ends, at last the flow direction of heat exchanger tube (24) by cold-producing medium coupled together with the U-shaped pipe, consist of coil pipe heated type accumulation of heat water pot (11).
12. indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described bathroom heating device (13) is made of the finned air surface cooling of serpentine coil overcoat heat exchanger (18), heating blower fan (19), heating air inlet (14) and heating air outlet (15).
13. indoor partial installation formula air-source water heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the compressor that this water heater adopts and low noise blower fan all adopt VFC.
CN 201220003237 2012-01-05 2012-01-05 Indoor split air energy water heater Withdrawn - After Issue CN202660735U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220003237 CN202660735U (en) 2012-01-05 2012-01-05 Indoor split air energy water heater

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220003237 CN202660735U (en) 2012-01-05 2012-01-05 Indoor split air energy water heater

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202660735U true CN202660735U (en) 2013-01-09

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220003237 Withdrawn - After Issue CN202660735U (en) 2012-01-05 2012-01-05 Indoor split air energy water heater

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102705983A (en) * 2012-01-05 2012-10-03 王全龄 Indoor separate installation type air-energy water heater
CN113154545A (en) * 2021-03-25 2021-07-23 福建克莱默节能科技有限公司 Air temperature adjusting method and system capable of being internally arranged in household air conditioner external unit

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102705983A (en) * 2012-01-05 2012-10-03 王全龄 Indoor separate installation type air-energy water heater
CN102705983B (en) * 2012-01-05 2015-12-16 王全龄 Indoor separate installation type air-energy water heater
CN113154545A (en) * 2021-03-25 2021-07-23 福建克莱默节能科技有限公司 Air temperature adjusting method and system capable of being internally arranged in household air conditioner external unit

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20130109

Effective date of abandoning: 20151216

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting