Solar energy power generating is a kind of green energy resource, utilize sunshine to send clean energy resource here to the mankind, if dust is attached to the photovoltaic module surface, affect the transmissivity of light, and then affected the amount of radiation that assembly surface receives, will affect generating efficiency, also have because dust is very near apart from the distance of cell piece, can form shade, will form in the photovoltaic module part generating efficiency of hot spot effect and then reduction assembly, even burn assembly.
The clear dirt mode of photovoltaic plant is that water washes or cleans with mop at present.Water flushing water consumption is large and the cleaning effect is undesirable, unless the water flushing repeatedly.Low with the mop sweeping efficiency, cost of labor is high.If photovoltaic plant is in desert, water resource lacks, and the water cost is higher.
And in existing patent document, cleaning about photovoltaic apparatus has disclosed file: Chinese patent " cleaning device (CN201871499U) that is used for surface of photovoltaic cell panel ", this cleaning device comprises brush roller structure and assembly pulley, described assembly pulley comprises three fixed pulleys that are arranged in order, wherein, fixed pulley in the middle of being positioned at is arranged on the output shaft of a motor, described motor is by the fixed pulley on steel wire rope drive both sides, and described brush roller structure comprises roller and the felt that is arranged on the simplified periphery of roller; The two ends of described roller be provided with for the fixing steel wire rope fixture of the steel cord ends of walking around two fixed pulleys.This parts are only applicable to clean smaller area and the fewer situation of dirt accumulation, for mobile large tracts of land cleaning and inapplicable.
Summary of the invention
The utility model provides the surface of the fine cleaning photovoltaic module of a kind of energy, can use in desert, also can clean by water, and the good deduster of cleaning performance; Solved exist in the prior art not ideal enough for large-scale cleaning, the cleaning effect is bad, can not use the technical problem of varying environment.
It is a kind of simple in structure that the utility model also provides simultaneously, can carry out the deduster of Mobile cleaning; Solve the cleaning of can not moving that exists in the prior art, distance is adjusted inconvenient technical problem between cleaner and the photovoltaic module.
Above-mentioned technical problem of the present utility model solves by following technical proposals: a kind of deduster of clear light photovoltaic assembly, it is characterized in that: comprise a dust excluding hood, in dust excluding hood, be provided with a central shaft, the two ends of central shaft are fixed on the dust excluding hood, be connected with drive motors at central shaft, be provided with hairbrush at central shaft, at dust excluding hood in suction port or the water jet at least one be installed.At dust excluding hood suction port and water jet are installed, can clean with hairbrush first in lack of water areas such as desertes, drive motors drives the central shaft rotation, the surface dirt of the hairbrush cleaning photovoltaic module on the central shaft etc., dust is kicked up, suction port is circumscribed with blower fan, then by suction port with dust sucking-off in the dust excluding hood.In the area that water is arranged, can adopt washing and hairbrush to clean the mode of combination, improve the cleaning effect.Device of the present utility model applied widely can use in different occasions, and be simple in structure.
As preferably, narrow lower end, described dust excluding hood upper end is wide, the baffle plate of both sides before and after dust excluding hood comprises, front and rear baffle links to each other by the beam column that is positioned at the dust excluding hood top, is provided with cover plate between baffle plate, and cover plate comprises upper cover plate and two side cover plates that link to each other with upper cover plate, upper cover plate is positioned at the beam column top, central shaft is parallel with beam column, and on the baffle plate of both sides, described hairbrush was fixed on the central shaft in the shape of a spiral before and after central shaft was fixed on.The cross section of dust excluding hood is trapezoidal, lower face width is fit to cleaning and receives dust, and top narrow suitable collection dust with dust accumulation together, the front and rear baffle of dust excluding hood connects support by beam column, beam column is positioned at the top of whole deduster, play the effect of support, be connected to the upper cover plate of a level in the beam column upper cover, simultaneously be furnished with two blocks of side plates at upper cover plate monosymmetric, form a complete cover body, dust effectively can be collected, improve the cleaning effect, when rotating shaft was rotated, the sweeping efficiency of spiral helicine hairbrush was higher.
As more preferably, upper cover plate and one of them side cover plate are one-body molded, and upper cover plate and another one side cover plate removably connect, and are provided with a plurality of supports that are parallel to each other between described front and rear baffle, and support casing is connected on the beam column.Wherein the cover plate of a side is one-body molded, and is simple in structure, the convenient installation, and an other side removably connects, and can be convenient for changing hairbrush, and modes such as can adopting the grafting chain connection removably connects.A plurality of parallel supports are set in cover plate, improve the support strength of whole dust excluding hood, also can improve simultaneously central shaft and the support strength that the sparge pipe of water jet is set.
As preferably, be evenly equipped with a plurality of sensors in the outer of the lower end of dust excluding hood.Can monitor at any time the distance between dust excluding hood and the photovoltaic module to be cleaned, guarantee deduster except hairbrush with photovoltaic module contacts, remainder does not all contact, and when deduster is installed on the mobile device, can realize the stability of Mobile cleaning.About, the movement of fore-and-aft direction can not make cleaner run into photovoltaic module, damages photovoltaic module.
As preferably, described suction port is fixed on the upper surface of described dust excluding hood, and suction port offers 1 ~ 4.Suction port is positioned at narrower upper surface, can realize better dust collecting effect, and the number of suction port is determined according to the length of deduster.The external blower fan of suction port aspirates.
As preferably, described water jet is arranged on the sparge pipe, described sparge pipe and central axes, sparge pipe is positioned at the top of central shaft, water jet is positioned at the top of hairbrush, the two ends of sparge pipe are fixed on the dust excluding hood, offer a water inlet at sparge pipe, and the opening direction of described water jet is downward.What water spray adopted is uniform sprinkling, can therefore wash better effects if in conjunction with the cleaning of hairbrush simultaneously, can not exist the tap that utilizes that exists in the prior art to concentrate one of flushing, and cause producing the problem at cleaning dead angle.The two ends of sparge pipe are fixed on the dust excluding hood simultaneously, and by stent support, support effect is good.Sparge pipe is positioned at the top of hairbrush.Sparge pipe is simultaneously also parallel with beam column, it is parallel with suction port that the water inlet of sparge pipe can be arranged on the upper end of sparge pipe, also the water inlet of sparge pipe can be opened in the two ends of sparge pipe, water inlet is connected with water pump, the utility model is opened in water inlet the centre of sparge pipe, opening upwards, the convenient layout being connected between water inlet and the water pump also allows the water jet of sparge pipe spray more smooth and easy simultaneously.
As preferably, the top symmetry of described dust excluding hood be provided with two articulated slabs, articulated slab is fixed on the beam column of dust excluding hood top.By the slide bar of the external cleaner of articulated slab, adjust the distance between deduster and the photovoltaic module to be cleaned.
As preferably, the dual-side on the lower edge of described dust excluding hood respectively is provided with a coaming plate.Can prevent that dust from overflowing, better collect dust, improve dust removing effects.
Therefore, the dust removal device of a kind of clear light photovoltaic assembly of the present utility model is got ready and is stated advantage: go for cleaning in the different environment, can adopt hairbrush to clean in desert, and in the position that the water source is arranged, can utilize water pipe to carry out spraying-rinsing; Deduster at deduster sensor is installed, can monitors at any time the distance between deduster and the photovoltaic module, thereby adjust, so that can be applied on the Mobile cleaning.
The specific embodiment
Below by embodiment, and by reference to the accompanying drawings, the technical scheme of utility model is described in further detail.
Shown in Fig. 1 and 2 and 3, a kind of deduster of clear light photovoltaic assembly comprises dust excluding hood 2, and dust excluding hood 2 is the cover body of a lower ending opening, and the cross section of dust excluding hood 2 is a up-narrow and down-wide isosceles trapezoid.One central shaft 10 is arranged in dust excluding hood 2, be fixed with spiral helicine hairbrush 7 at central shaft 10, at an end of central shaft 10 drive motors 1 is installed.In dust excluding hood 2 upper surfaces two articulated slabs 3 are installed, a suction port 4 is installed between two articulated slabs 3, suction port 4 links to each other with the blower fan of outside.Dual-side in the lower edge of dust excluding hood 2 respectively has a coaming plate 6.
Shown in Figure 4 and 5 and 6, dust excluding hood 2 comprises integrated upper cover plate 9 and both sides cover plate 8, and upper cover plate 9 is connected with the both sides cover plate and is connected that to be isosceles trapezoidal, respectively is fixed with 2 ultrasonic sensors 5 on both sides cover plate 8.The two ends of cover plate are front apron 16 and backboard 14, and front and rear baffle, upper cover plate and both sides cover plate form the cover body of dust excluding hood.Connect by beam column 11 between front apron 16 and the backboard 14, be fixed with articulated slab 3 and suction port 4 at beam column 11, also have 2 supports 13 between front and rear baffle, the two ends of central shaft 10 are fixed on the front and rear baffle, and 2 supports 13 are crossed in simultaneously central shaft 10 cross-under.Side at beam column 11 has a sparge pipe 12, sparge pipe 12 is all parallel with central shaft 10 with beam column 11, the two ends of sparge pipe 12 also are fixed on the front and rear baffle, sparge pipe 12 also cross-under is crossed support 13, be evenly equipped with a plurality of water jets (not shown in FIG.) on the sparge pipe 10, the opening direction of water jet is downward, and sparge pipe 12 is positioned at the top of hairbrush 7, the upper center of sparge pipe 12 offers a water inlet 15, and water inlet 15 is circumscribed with water pump.