CN202647966U - Solar wall heating and cooling system - Google Patents

Solar wall heating and cooling system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202647966U
CN202647966U CN2012203016578U CN201220301657U CN202647966U CN 202647966 U CN202647966 U CN 202647966U CN 2012203016578 U CN2012203016578 U CN 2012203016578U CN 201220301657 U CN201220301657 U CN 201220301657U CN 202647966 U CN202647966 U CN 202647966U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar
sun
air
temperature
energy storage
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012203016578U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
南郁森
Original Assignee
南郁森
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Priority to CN2012203016578U priority Critical patent/CN202647966U/en
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Publication of CN202647966U publication Critical patent/CN202647966U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal

Abstract

The utility model relates to a solar wall heating and cooling system, which includes a solar wall frame mounted on a sunny surface outer wall of a building, a heat insulation board embedded on the inner side of the frame and an outer wall surface in the frame, a transparent curtain wall board, a solar air heat collection board, a temperature sensor, flow guide boards, an air inlet, an air outlet, an axial fan, a temperature-control fan speed adjustor, a blast pipe, an energy storage wall, and a solar chimney; the solar air heat collection board equipped with the temperature sensor is mounted between the transparent curtain wall board and the outer wall heat insulation board, so that an outer cavity and an inner cavity of the solar wall are formed; the movable flow guide boards are arranged at the inner cavity and outer cavity floor parts and at the middle part of each layer of the inner cavity; the axial fan is mounted at the air outlet, and is controlled by the temperature-control fan speed adjustor; the blast pipe is connected with the axial fan and the energy storage wall; and the top end of the solar wall is connected with a section of solar chimney. The system can heat the building in winter and ventilating and cool the building in summer, so that the application space is wide.

Description

Sun wall heating cooling system
Technical field
The utility model relates to solar energy optical-thermal conversion using technology, relates in particular to a kind of novel sun wall heating heat radiation complete set technology.
Background technology
Using comparatively general sun wall system at present is sun wall all-fresh air heating system.The core component of this system is solar wallboard.Solar wallboard is to plate one deck thermal conversion efficiency at metal sheet surface to reach 80% solar energy heat absorbing coating, and is installed with onboard many micro hole seams.Outdoor fresh air is sent into indoor after the solar wallboard heating, replaces indoor foul atmosphere, plays the double effects for warm ventilation.The problem that this system exists is: the one, and heated fresh air enters when indoor, need drain the hot-air of indoor equivalent, input hot-air and discharge hot-air and carry out simultaneously to such an extent that heating rate is low; The 2nd, solar wallboard is exposed outside, and thermal losses is large; The 3rd, there is not the energy storage facility, can't heat night; The 4th, summer, the hot pressing thermolysis was not obvious.
The key of at present solar air heating technology development is: develop energy circulating-heating room air in winter, efficiency of utilization height; Can carry out hot pressing air discharging and radiating, simple in structure, with low cost, easy to use, the sun wall that is easy to promote heating cooling system summer.
Summary of the invention
It is high that the purpose of this utility model provides a kind of thermal conversion efficiency, and winter can the circulating-heating room air; Can store the solar heat on daytime, slowly come out evening; Can produce the sun wall heating cooling system than heat-flash pressure wind heat radiation function summer.Innovative point of the present utility model is: the one, and the sun wall of every one deck has a system of one's own when heating in the winter time, and other layer does not interfere with each other; The 2nd, indoor air circulation enters the heating of sun wall, and indoor thermal losses is few; The 3rd, room air the sun within the walls twice by solar heat-collection plate heating, solar energy utilization ratio is high; The 4th, hot-air falls apart in indoor after sending into energy storage wall by ajutage again; The 5th, can make sun wall and solar chimney be combined into as a whole solar chimney in summer, have stronger hot pressing air discharging and radiating effect.The employing of above-mentioned first three items innovative measure, make room air to greatest extent thermal-arrest, hot, make sun wall iterative cycles heating room air as air-conditioning, heating installation.Above-mentioned four main measures can store the solar heat of daytime during great abundance of sunshine, slowly comes out at night again.Above-mentioned five-term measure so that sun wall can provide stronger hot pressing air discharging and radiating for building in summer, solves certain cooling in summer problem.
To achieve these goals, the utility model adopts following technical scheme: sun wall heating cooling system, comprise the frame that is installed in building sunny slope exterior wall, be embedded in warming plate, transparent curtain wall panel, solar air heat collection plate, deflector, air admission hole, exhaust outlet, aerofoil fan, temperature-controlled fan speed regulator, ajutage, energy storage wall, the solar chimney of wall face in scuncheon and the frame; The solar air heat collection plate is installed in the middle of transparent curtain wall panel and the external wall insulation, with the sun within the walls spatial separation become exocoel and inner chamber; Be provided with movable deflector at the floor plates position in inside and outside chamber and the centre of the every one deck of inner chamber; The indoor wall bottom corresponding at sun wall is provided with air admission hole, and top is provided with air outlet, installation shaft flow fan and ajutage on air outlet, ajutage connecting axle flow fan and energy storage wall; One section solar chimney is installed on sun wall top.
During heat supply in winter, all deflectors are closed: inner chamber and exocoel deflector are closed, and the sun wall of every one deck is sealed into a closed-system; The deflector at inner chamber middle part is closed, and the sun of every one deck is separated into up and down two spaces in the chamber within the walls, and lower space links to each other with air admission hole, and upper space is communicated with air outlet.When sunshine is radiated on the solar air heat collection plate through curtain wall panel, collecting plate temperature rising circumference air.When collecting plate is heated to design temperature, temperature sensor sends signal, the temperature-controlled fan speed regulator starts aerofoil fan, with the sun within the walls the air of chamber upper space send into ajutage, meanwhile form negative pressure at collecting plate, enter within the walls chamber upper space of the sun after making the exocoel air by the collecting plate heating, when the exocoel air enters the inner chamber upper space by collecting plate, partly form negative pressure in collecting plate inner chamber lower space, room air is sucked by air admission hole.Room air enters outer cavity space from the inner chamber lower space, is heated for the first time by collecting plate; Heated for the second time by collecting plate when entering the inner chamber upper space from exocoel.Sent into energy storage wall by the air that the solar air heat collection plate heats by aerofoil fan, ajutage, by the storage body in the energy storage wall, enter indoor from the heat radiation air port.Hot-air during by energy storage wall heat absorbed by storage body, to night storage body the heat that absorbs daytime is dispersed into again indoor, reach the purpose of heating at night.
During cooling in summer, closing axle flow fan electric current is opened all deflectors, and the solar chimney at sun wall and top synthesizes a solar energy smokestack.When seeing through transparent curtain wall panel, sunshine shines on the solar air heat collection plate, collecting plate temperature rising circumference air, the air rising of being heated, Accelerating Removal under the draft effect of top solar chimney, during hot air rising, near air admission hole, exhaust outlet, form negative pressure, room air is sucked sun wall upwards discharge, thereby reduce indoor temperature.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is front view of the present utility model, Fig. 2 is side view of the present utility model, Fig. 3 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 1, Fig. 4 is the partial sectional view of the utility model top layer, Fig. 5 is the 1-1 cutaway view of Fig. 4, Fig. 6 is heat supply in winter operation principle schematic diagram, and Fig. 7 is summer fever pressure wind heat radiation operation principle schematic diagram.
Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, sun wall heating cooling system shown in Figure 5 comprise solar wall frame 1, warming plate 2, transparent curtain wall panel 3, solar air heat collection plate 4, temperature control sensor 5, deflector 6, air admission hole 7, exhaust outlet 8, aerofoil fan 9, temperature-controlled fan speed regulator 10, ajutage 11, holding wire 12, power line 13, energy storage wall 14, solar chimney 15.Be installed in the inboard of the solar wall frame 1 on the face wall that faces south and the wall face in the frame and be inlaid with warming plate 2, gather slit, surface of plate body is installed in transparent curtain wall panel 3 and external wall insulation 2 centres for the solar air heat collection plate 4 of solar absorbing film, and the inner space of sun wall is divided into exocoel and inner chamber; Sun coping is one section solar chimney 15, and solar chimney is made by sheet metal, and outer surface scribbles solar energy heat absorbing coating; Interior exocoel is provided with deflector 6 at floor plates position and inner chamber every layer middle part; The body of wall of each floor has air admission hole 7, exhaust outlet 8, presses dress aerofoil fan 9 on the exhaust outlet 8, ajutage 11 connecting axle flow fans 9 and energy storage wall 14; Temperature sensor 5 is installed in above the solar air heat collection plate 4, is connected with temperature governor 10 by holding wire 12, and power line 13 is connected with aerofoil fan by temperature-controlled fan speed regulator 10.
The specific embodiment
Running of the present utility model is as follows:
Heat supply in winter: referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6.Winter closeall deflector 6, when seeing through sun wall curtain wall panel 3, sunshine is radiated on the solar air heat collection plate 4, solar air heat collection plate 4 temperature raise, when being raised to design temperature to temperature, temperature sensor 5 is passed to the signal of temperature-controlled fan speed regulator 10 pluggeds by holding wire 12, temperature-controlled fan speed regulator 10 starts aerofoil fan 9 by power line 13, aerofoil fan 9 will be delivered to energy storage wall 14 by ajutage 11 by the air of solar air heat collection plate 3 heating, be dispersed into again in the shade room, for the room heating.Energy storage wall 14 slowly comes out the heat that stores daytime more at night, satisfies the needs of heating at night.In the sunshine abundance, room air constantly enters the heating of sun wall in a steady stream, flows to indoor again, iterative cycles heating is until sunshine weakens, when the solar energy heating plate temperature is lower than design temperature, temperature-controlled fan speed regulator closing axle flow fan stops heating process.
Heat radiation in summer: referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 7, open whole deflectors 6.After opening deflector 6, the solar chimney at sun wall and top connects into the solar chimney of an integral body, when seeing through sun curtain wall panel 3, sunshine is radiated at above the solar air heat collection plate 4, temperature rising circumference air, the air rising of being heated is discharged by solar chimney 15 along sun wall.Solar chimney 15 is made by the thin-walled steel plate, appearance is solar absorbing film, when solar irradiation is mapped on the solar chimney 15, the temperature of solar chimney 15 raises, the air of heating the inside accelerates to have formed hot pressing air draft effect from the air-flow velocity of discharge of sun wall rising, thereby by air admission hole 7, exhaust outlet 8 room air is discharged, played the effect of air discharging and radiating.

Claims (5)

1. sun wall heating cooling system, comprise frame, warming plate, transparent curtain wall panel, solar air heat collection plate, temperature sensor, deflector, air admission hole, exhaust outlet, aerofoil fan, temperature-controlled fan speed regulator, ajutage, energy storage wall, solar chimney, it is characterized in that: metope is inlaid with warming plate in the inboard and frame at the solar wall frame that building sunny slope exterior wall is installed, the solar air heat collection plate is installed in the middle of transparent curtain wall panel and the external wall insulation, with the sun within the walls section's spatial separation become exocoel and inner chamber; Be provided with movable deflector at the floor position of inner chamber and exocoel and each floor middle part of inner chamber; The bottom that sun wall position body of wall is installed in every one deck sunny slope room is provided with air admission hole, and top is provided with exhaust outlet, installation shaft flow fan on the exhaust outlet, ajutage connecting axle flow fan and energy storage wall; Temperature sensor is contained on the solar air heat collection plate, links to each other with the temperature-controlled fan speed regulator by holding wire, and the temperature-controlled fan speed regulator is by power line connecting axle flow fan; Sun wall top links to each other with solar chimney.
2. sun wall according to claim 1 heating cooling system, it is characterized in that: described solar air heat collection plate is to be made by metal sheet, plate body gather penetrating aperture or slit, the surface is solar absorbing film.
3. sun wall according to claim 1 heating cooling system is characterized in that: be installed in the sun within the walls, the deflector of exocoel can be movable, deflector is closed during heat supply in winter, deflector was opened when dispelled the heat summer.
4. sun wall according to claim 1 heating cooling system, it is characterized in that: the hot-air that sun wall produces is sent into energy storage wall through exhaust outlet aerofoil fan, ajutage, then by heat storage, thermovent in the energy storage wall, flows in the building.
5. sun wall according to claim 1 heating cooling system, it is characterized in that: solar chimney is installed on sun wall top, and solar chimney is made by sheet metal, and blast cap is equipped with on top, and outer surface scribbles solar energy heat absorbing coating.
CN2012203016578U 2012-06-27 2012-06-27 Solar wall heating and cooling system CN202647966U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012203016578U CN202647966U (en) 2012-06-27 2012-06-27 Solar wall heating and cooling system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012203016578U CN202647966U (en) 2012-06-27 2012-06-27 Solar wall heating and cooling system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202647966U true CN202647966U (en) 2013-01-02

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103244999A (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-08-14 北京建筑工程学院 Solar building heating ventilating system
CN103512078A (en) * 2012-06-27 2014-01-15 南郁森 Solar wall heat supplying and radiating system
CN104196136A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-12-10 张家港市盛港防火板业科技有限公司 Inner wall heat preservation board having automatic temperature control function
CN104359147A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-02-18 优尔金属制品(苏州)有限公司 Solar basement warm air supply and air exchange device
CN104654615A (en) * 2013-11-17 2015-05-27 成都奥能普科技有限公司 Low-temperature solar photovoltaic photo-thermal storage electricity and heat cogeneration system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103512078A (en) * 2012-06-27 2014-01-15 南郁森 Solar wall heat supplying and radiating system
CN103244999A (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-08-14 北京建筑工程学院 Solar building heating ventilating system
CN104654615A (en) * 2013-11-17 2015-05-27 成都奥能普科技有限公司 Low-temperature solar photovoltaic photo-thermal storage electricity and heat cogeneration system
CN104196136A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-12-10 张家港市盛港防火板业科技有限公司 Inner wall heat preservation board having automatic temperature control function
CN104359147A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-02-18 优尔金属制品(苏州)有限公司 Solar basement warm air supply and air exchange device

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130102

Termination date: 20130627