CN202641579U - Holding wheel mechanism and safety car with same - Google Patents

Holding wheel mechanism and safety car with same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202641579U
CN202641579U CN 201220179776 CN201220179776U CN202641579U CN 202641579 U CN202641579 U CN 202641579U CN 201220179776 CN201220179776 CN 201220179776 CN 201220179776 U CN201220179776 U CN 201220179776U CN 202641579 U CN202641579 U CN 202641579U
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China
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seat
wheel
frame
gear
pulling back
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CN 201220179776
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Chinese (zh)
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陈甚利
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陈甚利
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Priority to CN 201220179776 priority Critical patent/CN202641579U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a holding wheel mechanism and a safety car with the same. The holding wheel mechanism comprises boosting seats, returning seats and lower pressing seats, wherein the boosting seats and the returning seats are arranged in front and back of wheels; the lower pressing seats are positioned above the wheels; the boosting seats are connected with the returning seats through an upper transmission component and a lower transmission component; a spring is arranged on the lower transmission component; and the lower pressing seats are hinged with the boosting seats and the returning seats through hinging components. The holding wheel mechanism is arranged on all wheels of the car. Through the adoption of the holding wheel mechanism and the safety car with the same, the impacting force produced by the impacting can be effectively reduced by being buffered and absorbed through a group of springs, and then the level force and the inclination force which are lengthways transmitted to the front or/and back are converted into forces which are oppositely pressed and vertically downwards acted and then acted on the wheels, so that the high capacity on bearing and pressure resisting of charging tyres of wheels is fully utilized, the impacting force is transmitted to the ground, and the vehicle body structure can be prevented from being crushed, deformed and damaged under the impacting force, and as a result, the driver and the passenger in the car can be effectively protected, and the three safety effects on impacting resisting, car protecting and people protecting can be achieved. The holding wheel mechanism and the safety car are applicable to various current cars, particularly can solve the problem that various car-over-engine buses and trucks are poor in safety in impacting due to the lacking of an energy absorbing deforming area.

Description

Wheel holding mechanism and with the accident-free vehicle of this wheel holding mechanism
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of wheel holding mechanism, and the safety vehicle with wheel holding mechanism is provided, and belongs to automobile component and Automobile Design and Manufacturing technical field.
Background technology
Automotive safety is divided into active safety and passive security, and passive security claims again collision safety.Active safety is handling closely related with driving, and passive security is then closely related with the structure design of automobile self, and passive security plays a major role in automotive safety simultaneously.The safeguard construction of existing automobile can be divided in body structure and the car driver and crew and protect structure such as safety strap, safety air bag, safe steering swivel system, safety seat etc.; body structure can cushion and energy-absorbing; play a major role in lowering impact power, driver and crew protect structure to play the secondary role of protection in the car.According to the America and Europe statistics of various car accidents is shown, front hitting at most, rear-end collision takes second place, and side is hit and is taken second place.So impinge upon before and after longitudinally the most common in the accident (>60%-70%).With regard to the most general existing three box car structure, have following characteristics: middle vehicle body is that the crew module is harder, and bodyshell rigidity is larger, and the front and back vehicle body is that machinery space, boot compartment are softer, and rigidity is less, and certain toughness is arranged.When being subject to clashing into, by the compressive deformation of front and back vehicle body, absorb as much as possible the impact energy of bump, to lower the impact damage to the crew module.But this to only depend on the conquassation distortion of the forward and backward vehicle body of automobile such as machinery space, boot compartment be that the form that car is ruined is come buffering energy-absorbing, the energy of its snubber is extremely limited, as: with the celebrated European Euro-NCAP of the strictest testing standard in the whole world, the full test speed per hour that obtains the highest 5 asterisk standards in its new car head-on crash (40%ODB) test is no more than 64km/h(America and Japan therewith roughly the same), so its safe effect only limits to the low-medium speed collision.Along with the fast development of express highway, the greatly increase of automobile driving speed, the auto against speed per hour also significantly improves, so the limitation of prior art highlights day by day and can't essence solve.Etesian a large amount of " car crash " automobile collision accident examples in the current whole world have proved absolutely this point.Therefore, for the defective of existing automotive body structure, must research and develop new safe vehicle body structure and satisfy modern traffic safety.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of wheel holding mechanism; so that when collision occurs; in the time of by wheel holding mechanism buffering, absorbing forces of impact; with multidirectional level, tilting force transfer in opposite directions to press, vertically downward power; take full advantage of again the powerful load-bearing compressive property of pneumatic type vehicle wheels; power vertically downward is directly delivered to ground, protects to greatest extent vehicle body not impaired.
Another purpose of the present utility model is to provide a kind of accident-free vehicle with wheel holding mechanism, and the fierce impulsive force when clashing into more by force to cushion, to absorb prevents the automobile damage, driver and crew's safety in the service truck.
First purpose of the present utility model realizes by following technical proposal: a kind of wheel holding mechanism; it is characterized in that comprising be located at wheel before; the advance seat at rear; the seat of pulling back; be located at the down pressing seat of wheel top; and advance seat and the seat of pulling back are by upper; lower transmission component links to each other; lower transmission component is provided with spring; down pressing seat is hinged with advance seat and the seat of pulling back respectively by articulation piece; so that in buffering; in the time of absorbing forces of impact; with front or/and the rear level of vertically transmitting; tilting force is converted in opposite directions to pressing; power vertically downward and act on wheel; take full advantage of again the powerful load-bearing compressive property of pneumatic type vehicle wheels; be delivered to ground after impact subtracted power; protect thus body structure power and the conquassation distortion damage that is not impacted; driver and crew's safety in the final effectively protection car reaches crashworthiness; protect car; protect people's triple safe effect.
Described advance seat comprises that the front end upper and lower part establishes plush copper, groove is established respectively in the plush copper both sides, vertical groove is established at the middle part, the pressure-bearing frame of card base is established in the bottom, this pressure-bearing frame links to each other with the frame that pushes away of its top band the first main tooth bar, push away frame middle part by horizontal push rod with its on link to each other with the push rod of the second main tooth bar, push rod one side is established front spring, pushes away the frame bottom and is provided with the arc front pressuring plate that adapts with wheel; Wherein:
The plush copper of advance seat pressure-bearing frame front end upper and lower part links to each other with bumper/spoiler by fastening nail respectively, and the groove of plush copper both sides is matched with the upper and lower support plate of bumper/spoiler respectively;
The vertical groove at advance seat pressure-bearing frame middle part is made as the deep-slotted chip breaker that adapts with bumper ends;
When collision occurs, move up into after bumper/spoiler is pushed in the vertical groove of pressure-bearing frame, and then the frame that pushes away that promotion links to each other with the pressure-bearing frame moves backward.
The described seat of pulling back comprises that its underpart is with the arc rear fender that adapts with wheel, the frame of pulling back of top band the first secondary tooth bar, pull back frame middle part by intermediate rod with its on link to each other with the pull bar of the second secondary tooth bar, this pull bar one side is provided with rear spring, wherein, the first secondary tooth bar is meshed with the first main tooth bar by the first gear or the first gear cluster of uploading in the moving part, and the second secondary tooth bar on the pull bar is meshed with the second main tooth bar on the push rod by the second gear in the lower transmission component or the second gear cluster, in order to spur the seat reach of pulling back when the power that collision produces is moved after promoting advance seat, make front pressuring plate, rear fender in the past, rear side is held wheel in opposite directions tightly.
Described down pressing seat comprises that its lower end is with the arc top board that adapts with wheel, the upper end is with the pressure frame of forward and backward permanent seat, be hinged on front and rear connecting rods on the forward and backward permanent seat by first, second hinge respectively, front and rear connecting rods be hinged on advance seat by the 3rd, the 4th hinge respectively and the seat of pulling back on, when after impact is promoting advance seat, moving, spurring the reach of return seat, the extruding down pressing seat moves down, and makes the arc lower platen from upper side compression wheel.
Described front spring places between fixed mount front end and the advance seat, and rear spring places the fixed mount rear end and pulls back between the seat, and fixed mount is fixed on the automobile longitudinal girder.When impact force produces by forward and backward spring buffer, absorb collision energy, and after the impact force releasing, by forward and backward spring make advance seat, a return of pulling back unclamps front pressuring plate, rear fender, lower platen are held tightly wheel.
Described the first gear that is meshed or the first gear cluster and the first major and minor tooth bar, be horizontally set in the upper gear box that is connected into by end box and lid, each gear of the first gear or the first gear cluster is fixed on the upper gear box by fastening nail, this fastening nail also is the wheel shaft of gear simultaneously, and upper gear box is fixed on the engine nacelle curb girder by fixing press strip.
Described the second gear that is meshed or the second gear cluster and the second major and minor tooth bar, be vertically set in the lower transmission case that is connected into by end box and lid, each gear of the second gear or the second gear cluster is fixed on the lower transmission case by fastening nail, this fastening nail also is the wheel shaft of gear simultaneously, and lower transmission case is fixed on the automobile longitudinal girder by fastening nail.
Second purpose of the present utility model finished by following technical proposal: a kind of accident-free vehicle with wheel holding mechanism; comprise vehicle body and wheel; wheel holding mechanism is set on the wheel; this wheel holding mechanism comprise be arranged on wheel before; the advance seat at rear; the seat of pulling back; and the down pressing seat that is arranged on the wheel top; and advance seat and the seat of pulling back are by upper; lower transmission component links to each other; lower transmission component is provided with pull back spring; down pressing seat is hinged with advance seat and the seat of pulling back respectively by articulation piece; so that in buffering; in the time of absorbing forces of impact; with front or/and the rear level of vertically transmitting; tilting force is converted in opposite directions to pressing; power vertically downward and act on wheel; take full advantage of again the powerful load-bearing compressive property of pneumatic type vehicle wheels; be delivered to ground after impact subtracted power; protect thus body structure power and the conquassation distortion damage that is not impacted; driver and crew's safety in the final effectively protection car reaches crashworthiness; protect car; protect people's triple safe effect.
Described wheel holding mechanism is separately positioned on each wheel of automobile, and by under push away frame and connect each wheel holding mechanism, to consist of many wheel associated holdings, wherein push away frame down and comprise base plate, the left and right sides of this base plate front end links to each other with the card base of front-wheel advance seat pressure-bearing frame lower end respectively by connecting element, the left and right sides of rear end links to each other with the trailing wheel seat frame bottom of pulling back of pulling back respectively by connecting element, and the middle part hangs on the car chassis by hanging piece, make base plate can be on hanging piece before and after slip.
The connecting element of described base plate front end is a spill deck, is connected in the card base of advance seat pressure-bearing frame lower end, and fixes by screw; The connecting element of described base plate rear end is triangle frame, is connected to the seat frame bottom of pulling back of pulling back by U-shaped card and screw.
Before, during and after described base plate is divided into three sections, the both sides, rear end of leading portion, the front and back ends both sides in stage casing, the front end both sides of back segment hang on the car chassis by the U-shaped hanging piece respectively, each section energy is slided in the U-shaped hanging piece of correspondence, and connect between each section, but do not connect.
Described vehicle body is front or/and rear side; be connected with the air tyre bumper/spoiler by the telescopic boom at middle part and the bolster of telescopic boom both sides; this air tyre bumper/spoiler comprises the thick stick frame; be located on the thick stick frame its air tyre with cavity; so that the impulsive force during by air tyre bumper/spoiler buffering, absorption collision; protect to greatest extent vehicle body not impaired, and then effectively protect driver and crew's safety in the car.
Described thick stick frame is an arc frame, the outer facade of arc frame is made as the concave surface that concaves, there is respectively spiral head at the two ends of arc frame, spiral head is provided with two vertical long through-holes, the spiral head inboard is fixed with the deck matched with air tyre, and the upper and lower of arc frame is respectively equipped with the support plate that adapts with the arc frame shape, and double jaw is established respectively at each support plate two ends, in order to air tyre is supported on the concave surface of the outer facade of arc frame, and link to each other with advance seat in the wheel holding mechanism by long through-hole and connecting rod.
Be provided with the U-shaped connecting rod in vertical two long through-holes on the described arc frame spiral head, the upper and lower end of U-shaped connecting rod links to each other with the plush copper of wheel holding mechanism advance seat front end upper and lower part by fastening nail respectively, the double jaw of the support plate end of arc frame upper and lower is matched with the groove of wheel holding mechanism advance seat plush copper both sides respectively, the air tyre in arc frame spiral head and the outside places the vertical groove at wheel holding mechanism advance seat middle part, and this vertical groove is made as deep-slotted chip breaker.When collision occurs, thick stick frame spiral head and on air tyre move after being pushed and enter in the vertical groove of pressure-bearing frame of advance seat, it is mobile backward to promote advance seat, drives simultaneously the seat of pulling back and moves forward synchronously, drive down pressing seat and move down synchronously, and hold wheel tightly from forward and backward, upper three-dimensional.
Described air tyre two ends are respectively equipped with plug, the deck phase clamping on this plug and the thick stick frame spiral head, and by the outer snap ring of plug and fastening nail fixedly plug on spiral head, thereby air tyre is fixed on the thick stick frame.
Described telescopic boom is two connecting rods that are hinged to X-shaped, the two ends of two connecting rods are hinged by the first hinge and the first bearing that is fixed on thick stick frame and the vehicle beam respectively, the hinge-point of two connecting rods is hinged by the second hinge and the second bearing that is fixed on thick stick frame or the vehicle beam, and the hinge-point of two connecting rods links to each other with spring on being fixed on the second bearing, to consist of telescopic thick stick frame.
One end of described each bolster is fixed on the base that is positioned at the telescopic boom both sides on the thick stick frame, and the other end places respectively the longeron of automobile both sides, in case the supporting lever frame, and under the telescopic boom effect, the thick stick frame is moved forward and backward along automobile longitudinal girder, realize the flexible of thick stick frame.
The utlity model has following advantages and effect: can effectively the impulsive force that produces will be collided by the utility model; through many group spring buffers; energy-absorbing and after subtracting power; again with front or/and the rear level of vertically transmitting; tilting force is converted in opposite directions to pressing; power vertically downward and act on wheel; take full advantage of again the powerful load-bearing compressive property of pneumatic type vehicle wheels; impact is delivered to ground; protect thus body structure; especially machinery space and boot compartment power and the conquassation distortion damage that is not impacted; and then the indeformable damage in cabin is driven in protection; driver and crew's safety in the final effectively protection car reaches crashworthiness; protect car; protect people's triple safe effect.The utility model is applicable to existing all kinds of vehicles, such as car, MPV, SUV, commercial vehicle, minicar, and big-and-middle-sized BUS car, especially can greatly improve the crash survivability of tack manned vehicle, commercial vehicle/comm..vehicle, can solve preferably various cab-over-engine vehicles and have the poor difficult problem of crash survivability because headstock lacks the energy-absorbing deforming zone.The triple safe effect that reaches crashworthiness, protects car, protects the people, historical facts or anecdotes are one to have the safety vehicle of high reliability body structure.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is that the C of Fig. 2 is to view;
Fig. 4 is the birds-eye view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the D-D view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 6 is the E-E view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 7 is that the F of Fig. 4 is to view;
Fig. 8 is the upward view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 9 pushes away frame G to view under among Fig. 8;
Figure 10 be among Fig. 1 A to partial view;
Figure 11 is air tyre bumper/spoiler plan structure figure;
Figure 12 is that the B of Figure 11 is to view.
The specific embodiment
The embodiment that provides below in conjunction with accompanying drawing is described further the utility model, but the content of the utility model protection is not limited to this.
The wheel holding mechanism that the utility model provides comprises the down pressing seat of pull back seat and the top at the advance seat that is positioned at wheel the place ahead, rear, advance seat links to each other by upper and lower Transmission with the seat of pulling back, lower transmission component is provided with pull back spring, down pressing seat is hinged with advance seat and the seat of pulling back respectively by articulation piece, and is specific as follows:
Described advance seat comprises on the front end, plush copper 53 is established respectively in the bottom, 30, plush copper 53, groove 63 is established respectively in 30 both sides, vertical groove 291 is established at the middle part, the pressure-bearing frame 29 of card base 31 is established in the bottom, vertically groove 291 is made as the deep-slotted chip breaker that the spiral tyre surface with air tyre 13 ends adapts, pressure-bearing frame 29 links to each other with the frame 52 that pushes away of its top band the first main tooth bar 49, push away frame 52 middle parts by horizontal push rod 60 with its on link to each other with the push rod 59 of the second main tooth bar, push rod 59 1 sides are established front spring 51, push away frame 52 bottoms and be provided with the arc front pressuring plate 32 that adapts with wheel, wherein, on, lower plush copper 53,30 link to each other plush copper 53 by fastening nail with the U-shaped connecting rod 54 that places thick stick frame 5 spiral heads 15 long through-holes 14 respectively, the groove 63 of 30 both sides respectively with thick stick frame 5 support plates 1, the double jaw 25 at 27 two ends is matched.When collision occurs, thick stick frame 5 spiral heads 15 and on air tyre 13 enter in the vertical groove 291 of pressure-bearing frame 29 and compacting at the bottom of the vertical slots of vertical groove, thereby the frame 52 that pushes away that promotes to link to each other with pressure-bearing frame 29 moves backward, such as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Figure 11, Figure 12;
The described seat of pulling back comprises that its underpart is with the arc rear fender 38 that adapts with wheel, the frame 39 of pulling back of top band the first secondary tooth bar 42, pull back frame 39 middle parts by intermediate rod 64 with its on link to each other with the pull bar 56 of the second secondary tooth bar, these pull bar 56 1 sides are provided with rear spring 37, wherein, the first secondary tooth bar 42 is made of three gears by the first gear cluster 65(that uploads in the moving part 44) be meshed with the first main tooth bar 49, the second secondary tooth bar on the pull bar 56 is made of three gears by the second gear cluster 58(in the lower transmission component 33) be meshed with the second main tooth bar on the push rod 59, in order to spur the seat reach of pulling back when the power that collision produces is moved after promoting advance seat, make front pressuring plate 32, rear fender 38 in the past, rear side is held wheel in opposite directions tightly, such as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7;
Described down pressing seat comprises that its lower end is with the arc lower platen 45 that adapts with wheel, the upper end is with forward and backward permanent seat 46,35 pressure frame, be hinged on the front and rear connecting rods 48,40 on the forward and backward permanent seat 46,35 by the first hinge 47, the second hinge 36 respectively, front and rear connecting rods 48,40 be hinged on advance seat by the 3rd hinge 50, the 4th hinge 41 respectively and the seat of pulling back on, so that the power that collision produces is moved, is spurred after promoting advance seat in the reach of return seat, the extruding down pressing seat moves down, and make arc lower platen 45 from upper side compression wheel, such as Fig. 1, Fig. 2;
Described front spring 51 places between fixed mount 34 front ends and the advance seat, and rear spring 37 places fixed mount 34 rear ends and pulls back between the seat, and fixed mount 34 is fixed on the automobile longitudinal girder 24 by fastening nail.When producing, impact force cushions and the absorption collision energy by forward and backward spring 51,37 compressions, and after impact force is removed, by forward and backward spring 51,37 make advance seat, a return of pulling back unclamps front pressuring plate 32, the holding tightly of rear fender 38,45 pairs of wheels of lower platen, such as Fig. 2, Fig. 4, Fig. 5;
Described the first gear cluster 65(that is meshed is made of three gears) and the first major and minor tooth bar 49,42, be horizontally set in the upper gear box 44 that is connected into by end box 61 and lid 62, each gear of the first gear cluster 65 is fixed on the upper gear box 44 by fastening nail 66 respectively, and this fastening nail 66 also is the wheel shaft of gear 65 simultaneously; Upper gear box 44 is fixed on the engine nacelle curb girder by fixing press strip 43; Described the second gear cluster 58(that is meshed is made of three gears) and the second major and minor tooth bar 59,56, be vertically set in the lower transmission case 33 that is connected into by end box 55 and lid 57, each gear of the second gear cluster 58 is fixed on the lower transmission case 33 by fastening nail 67 respectively, this fastening nail 67 also is the wheel shaft of gear 58 simultaneously, and lower transmission case 33 is fixed on the automobile longitudinal girder 24 by fastening nail 67, such as Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7.
The accident-free vehicle with wheel holding mechanism that the utility model provides, comprise vehicle body and wheel, wheel holding mechanism is set on the wheel, this wheel holding mechanism comprises the advance seat that is arranged on the forward and backward side of wheel, the seat of pulling back, and the down pressing seat that is arranged on the wheel top, and advance seat links to each other by upper and lower Transmission with the seat of pulling back, and lower transmission component is provided with pull back spring, and down pressing seat is hinged with advance seat and the seat of pulling back respectively by articulation piece; Described wheel holding mechanism is arranged on four wheels of automobile, by under push away frame connect before and after four wheel holding mechanisms, to consist of the four-wheel associated holding, wherein: pushing away frame comprises base plate down, this base plate is divided into leading portion 68, stage casing 69, back segment 70, the both sides, rear end of leading portion 26, before the stage casing 69, the both sides, rear end, the front end both sides of back segment 70 hang on the car chassis by U-shaped hanging piece 71 and fastening nail respectively, make 68,69,70 3 sections energy slide in the U-shaped hanging piece 71 of correspondence, and connect between three sections, but do not connect, such as Fig. 8, Fig. 9, the front end both sides of base plate leading portion 68 are connected in the double card pin 31 of front-wheel advance seat pressure-bearing frame 29 lower ends by spill deck 72, and fix by screw, such as Fig. 1, Figure 10, the both sides, rear end of base plate back segment 70 are respectively by triangle frame 73, U-shaped card 74 and screw are connected to trailing wheel seat frame 39 bottoms of pulling back of pulling back, such as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Figure 10.
Described vehicle body front side and rear side, be connected with the air tyre bumper/spoiler by the telescopic boom at middle part and the bolster 16 of telescopic boom both sides, this air tyre bumper/spoiler comprises thick stick frame 5, be located on the thick stick frame 5 its air tyre 13 with cavity 12, wherein: thick stick frame 5 is an arc frame, the outer facade of arc frame is made as the concave surface 26 that concaves, there is respectively spiral head 15 at the two ends of arc frame, spiral head 15 is provided with two vertical long through-holes 14, two long through-hole 14 interior U-shaped connecting rods 54 that arrange, spiral head 15 inboards are fixed with the deck 11 matched with air tyre 13 by attaching screw, arc frame upper, the below be respectively equipped with the arc frame shape adapt with the upper supporting plate 1 of backing plate 3 with the lower carrier plate 27 of backing plate 28, upper lower carrier plate 1, double jaw 25 is established respectively at 27 two ends; Described air tyre 13 two ends are respectively equipped with plug 10, deck 11 phase clampings on this plug 10 and thick stick frame 5 spiral heads 15, and by the outer snap ring 9 of plug 10 and fastening nail fixedly plug 10 on spiral head 15, in order to air tyre 13 is supported on the concave surface 26 of the outer facade of arc frame, thereby air tyre 13 is fixed on the thick stick frame 5, establish charging connector 2 on the air tyre 13, to inflate by 2 pairs of air tyrees 13 of charging connector; U-shaped connecting rod 54 on the described arc frame spiral head 15 in vertical two long through-holes 14 upper, the lower end is respectively by on fastening nail and the wheel holding mechanism advance seat front end, the plush copper 53 of bottom, 30 link to each other, on the arc frame, the support plate 1 of below, the double jaw 25 of 27 ends respectively with wheel holding mechanism advance seat plush copper 53, the groove 63 of 30 both sides is matched, the air tyre 13 in arc frame spiral head 15 and the outside places the vertical groove 291 at wheel holding mechanism advance seat middle part, such as Fig. 1, Figure 11, Figure 12, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, when collision occurs, thick stick frame spiral head 15 and on air tyre 13 move after being pushed and enter in the vertical groove 291 of pressure-bearing frame of advance seat, it is mobile backward to promote advance seat, driving simultaneously the seat of pulling back moves forward synchronously, drive down pressing seat and move down synchronously, and hold wheel tightly; Described telescopic boom is two connecting rods 4,19 that are hinged to X-shaped, the two ends of connecting rod 4 are hinged by the first hinge 6 and the first bearing 7 that is fixed on the thick stick frame 5 respectively, the two ends of connecting rod 19 are hinged by the second hinge 17 and the second bearing 18 that is fixed on the vehicle beam 23 respectively, two connecting rods 4,19 hinge-point are hinged by the 3rd hinge 22 and the 3rd bearing 20 that is fixed on the vehicle beam 23, and two connecting rods 4,19 hinge-point link to each other with spring 21 on being fixed on the 3rd bearing 20, to consist of telescopic thick stick frame 5; One end of described each bolster 16 is fixed on the base 8 that is positioned at the telescopic boom both sides on the thick stick frame 5, the other end of each bolster 16 places automobile longitudinal girder 24, so that supporting lever frame 5, and under the telescopic boom effect, thick stick frame 5 is moved forward and backward along automobile longitudinal girder 24, realize the flexible of thick stick frame, such as Figure 11, Figure 12.

Claims (9)

1. wheel holding mechanism, it is characterized in that comprising the advance seat that is positioned at the forward and backward side of wheel and the seat of pulling back, be positioned at the down pressing seat of wheel top, and advance seat links to each other by upper and lower Transmission with the seat of pulling back, lower transmission component is provided with spring, and down pressing seat is hinged with advance seat and the seat of pulling back respectively by articulation piece.
2. wheel holding according to claim 1 mechanism is characterized in that:
Described advance seat comprises that the front end upper and lower part establishes plush copper, groove is established respectively in the plush copper both sides, vertical groove is established at the middle part, the pressure-bearing frame of card base is established in the bottom, this pressure-bearing frame links to each other with the frame that pushes away of its top band the first main tooth bar, push away frame middle part by horizontal push rod with its on link to each other with the push rod of the second main tooth bar, push rod one side is established front spring, pushes away the frame bottom and is provided with the arc front pressuring plate that adapts with wheel;
The described seat of pulling back comprises that its underpart is with the arc rear fender that adapts with wheel, the frame of pulling back of top band the first secondary tooth bar, pull back frame middle part by intermediate rod with its on link to each other with the pull bar of the second secondary tooth bar, this pull bar one side is provided with rear spring, wherein, the first secondary tooth bar is meshed with the first main tooth bar by the first gear or the first gear cluster of uploading in the moving part, and the second secondary tooth bar on the pull bar is meshed with the second main tooth bar on the push rod by the second gear in the lower transmission component or the second gear cluster;
Described down pressing seat comprises that its lower end is with the arc top board that adapts with wheel, the upper end is with the pressure frame of forward and backward permanent seat, be hinged on front and rear connecting rods on the forward and backward permanent seat by first, second hinge respectively, front and rear connecting rods be hinged on advance seat by the 3rd, the 4th hinge respectively and the seat of pulling back on.
3. wheel holding according to claim 2 mechanism is characterized in that the vertical groove at described advance seat pressure-bearing frame middle part is made as the deep-slotted chip breaker that adapts with bumper ends.
4. wheel holding according to claim 2 mechanism is characterized in that the plush copper of described advance seat pressure-bearing frame front end upper and lower part links to each other with bumper/spoiler by fastening nail respectively, and the groove of plush copper both sides is matched with the upper and lower support plate of bumper/spoiler respectively.
5. wheel holding according to claim 2 mechanism is characterized in that described front spring places between fixed mount front end and the advance seat, and rear spring places the fixed mount rear end and pulls back between the seat, and fixed mount is fixed on the automobile longitudinal girder.
6. wheel holding according to claim 2 mechanism is characterized in that:
Described the first gear that is meshed or the first gear cluster and the first major and minor tooth bar, be horizontally set in the upper gear box that is connected into by end box and lid, each gear of the first gear or the first gear cluster is fixed on the upper gear box by fastening nail, this fastening nail also is the wheel shaft of gear simultaneously, and upper gear box is fixed on the engine nacelle curb girder by fixing press strip;
Described the second gear that is meshed or the second gear cluster and the second major and minor tooth bar, be vertically set in the lower transmission case that is connected into by end box and lid, each gear of the second gear or the second gear cluster is fixed on the lower transmission case by fastening nail, this fastening nail also is the wheel shaft of gear simultaneously, and lower transmission case is fixed on the automobile longitudinal girder by fastening nail.
7. accident-free vehicle with wheel holding mechanism, comprise vehicle body and wheel, it is characterized in that arranging on the wheel wheel holding mechanism, this wheel holding mechanism comprises the advance seat that is arranged on the forward and backward side of wheel, the seat of pulling back, and the down pressing seat that is arranged on the wheel top, and advance seat links to each other by upper and lower Transmission with the seat of pulling back, and lower transmission component is provided with pull back spring, and down pressing seat is hinged with advance seat and the seat of pulling back respectively by articulation piece.
8. accident-free vehicle according to claim 7, it is characterized in that described wheel holding mechanism is separately positioned on each wheel of automobile, and by under push away frame and connect each wheel holding mechanism, push away frame under this and comprise base plate, the left and right sides of this base plate front end links to each other with the card base of front-wheel advance seat pressure-bearing frame lower end respectively by connecting element, the left and right sides of rear end links to each other with the trailing wheel seat frame bottom of pulling back of pulling back respectively by connecting element, and the middle part hangs on the car chassis by hanging piece.
9. accident-free vehicle according to claim 7, the connecting element that it is characterized in that described base plate front end is a spill deck, is connected in the card base of advance seat pressure-bearing frame lower end, and fixes by screw; The connecting element of described base plate rear end is triangle frame, is connected to the seat frame bottom of pulling back of pulling back by U-shaped card and screw; Before, during and after described base plate is divided into three sections, the both sides, rear end of leading portion, the front and back ends both sides in stage casing, the front end both sides of back segment hang on the car chassis by the U-shaped hanging piece respectively.
CN 201220179776 2012-04-25 2012-04-25 Holding wheel mechanism and safety car with same Withdrawn - After Issue CN202641579U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220179776 CN202641579U (en) 2012-04-25 2012-04-25 Holding wheel mechanism and safety car with same

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102673498A (en) * 2012-04-25 2012-09-19 陈甚利 Wheel embracing mechanism and safety vehicle with same
WO2013159562A1 (en) * 2012-04-25 2013-10-31 Chen Shenli Pneumatic tire bumper and safety vehicle having the pneumatic tire bumper

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102673498A (en) * 2012-04-25 2012-09-19 陈甚利 Wheel embracing mechanism and safety vehicle with same
WO2013159562A1 (en) * 2012-04-25 2013-10-31 Chen Shenli Pneumatic tire bumper and safety vehicle having the pneumatic tire bumper
WO2013159561A1 (en) * 2012-04-25 2013-10-31 Chen Shenli Wheel-embracing mechanism and safety vehicle having the wheel-embracing mechanism
CN102673498B (en) * 2012-04-25 2014-12-17 陈甚利 Wheel embracing mechanism and safety vehicle with same
EP2842815A4 (en) * 2012-04-25 2015-12-09 Shenli Chen Wheel-embracing mechanism and safety vehicle having the wheel-embracing mechanism

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