CN202617890U - Nutrient solution circulating stand-column-type plant planting equipment - Google Patents

Nutrient solution circulating stand-column-type plant planting equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202617890U
CN202617890U CN2012200324488U CN201220032448U CN202617890U CN 202617890 U CN202617890 U CN 202617890U CN 2012200324488 U CN2012200324488 U CN 2012200324488U CN 201220032448 U CN201220032448 U CN 201220032448U CN 202617890 U CN202617890 U CN 202617890U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
nutrient solution
culture
type plant
cultivation
equipment
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2012200324488U
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Chinese (zh)
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费耀
费枣生
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费耀
费枣生
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Priority to CN2012200324488U priority Critical patent/CN202617890U/en
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Publication of CN202617890U publication Critical patent/CN202617890U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model relates to nutrient solution circulating stand-column-type plant planting equipment, belonging to the technical field of plant soilless culture equipment. The nutrient solution circulating stand-column-type plant planting equipment mainly solves the problems that the growth of plants is slow and the yield of crops is low by using the existing soilless culture method;, the area of occupied land is large by adopting solution culture and medium culture; and the difficulty is great and the investment cost is high by adopting the mist culture technique. The nutrient solution circulating stand-column-type plant planting equipment is mainly characterized in that the equipment consists of stereoscopic culture columns, an automatic control system and a nutrient solution circulating irrigation system; and the stereoscopic culture columns consist of thin-film plastic hollow pipes, a plurality of culture holes are evenly distributed around the circumference of the pipe walls of the culture columns, culture media are filled into the culture columns, a supporting frame is arranged at the lower parts of the culture columns and a filter plate is arranged above the supporting frame. The nutrient solution circulating stand-column-type plant planting equipment has the characteristics of heat preservation, moisture preservation, easiness in planting, smaller equipment investment, rapider growth, higher crop yield and fewer damages caused by disease and insect, and is mainly used as plant soilless culture equipment in combination with medium culture and solution culture.

Description

Nutrient solution circulation column type plant planting equipment
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of novel plant soilless culture and is not equipped with; It combines substrate culture and water planting and forms a kind of novel planting type; Can accelerate plant growth rate, effectively improve crop yield, increase nearly ten times of land use areas; Few damage by disease and insect is particularly suitable for implant mass organic vegetable, flowers and other crops.
Background technology
The soilless culture mode mainly contains 3 kinds of modes at present: substrate culture, water planting, and aerial fog cultivation.
Substrate culture is the most basic soilless culture mode, and relatively plant growing is slower because matrix has frictional resistance and water planting mode to the root growth of plant, and crop yield is lower.Cultivation matrix has the special domestic animal of soil, is easy to generate damage by disease and insect.But substrate culture has the similar characteristics with traditional soil cultivation: the planting habit that promptly be incubated, preserve moisture, plant easily, equipment investment is few, meets people.
Water planting is a kind of comparatively advanced plant cultivation mode, and root system of plant directly is immersed in the nutrient solution, and the root system of plant frictional resistance is less, can freely grow, and the very fast crop yield of plant growing is higher.But because root system of plant all is immersed in the water, plant need become water root to grow aerial root mutagenesis, and the troublesome poeration technical difficulty is bigger.Root system of plant needs to absorb oxygen in water could grow, and needs configuration oxygenation equipment in addition.Compare the hydroponic plant root system with traditional earth culture and receive the temperature environmental influence more serious, must control water temperature during the scale cultivation.So the equipment investment of water planting is higher.The big advantage of another of water planting is that damage by disease and insect is few especially.
Aerial fog cultivation is the fastest planting type of plant growing, and technical difficulty is big, and cost of investment is high.At present also in exploration.
Currently substrate cultivation and hydroponic applications in large-scale cultivation of crops generally preclude the use of flat planting, take up a lot of land.
Summary of the invention
The technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of nutrient solution circulation column plant species plants and is equipped with, and it is characterized in that: be made up of solid cultivation post, automatic control system and nutrient solution circulation irrigation system three parts; The solid cultivation post is made up of the thin-walled plastic blank pipe, and even distribution dozens of culture hole around the cultivation vial wall is filled cultivation matrix in the cultivation column jecket, and bracing frame is arranged at the bottom of cultivation post, and the top of bracing frame is a filter.Automatic control system mainly is made up of automatic controller and probe sensor.Probe sensor is made up of two metal bars.Automatic controller is the psychrometrc analysis controller, and the data that it surveys probe sensor are analysed judgement, according to the planting requirement control of pump system are carried out water-fertilizer conditioning and warning.In order to overcome the deficiency of monoculture mode; The utility model combines substrate culture and water planting and forms a kind of novel planting type; The characteristics that existing substrate culture is incubated, preserve moisture, plant easily, equipment investment is few have the hydroponic plant few advantage of the higher damage by disease and insect of very fast crop yield of growing again, simultaneously owing to used root growth that cultivation matrix makes plant in the matrix soil of moisture-heat preservation; Reduced the dependence of cultivation system to water power; Both having made cuts off the water can not make cultivated plant come to harm in three or two days yet, and these characteristics are extremely important to implant mass, are the important assurances that scale is applied.
In order to save arable land per unit area increased cultivation, preclude the use of the utility model pipeline dimensional cultivation, planting can increase the number of units more than ten times.
As preclude the use of the pipeline dimensional cultivation, soil matrix mounted in the pipe, soil pests were most cloth growth environment is destroyed, growth and reproduction of pests and diseases is not easy to avoid the use of pesticides or biological pesticides used in small quantities, so that the device is particularly suitable for the cultivation of organic vegetables.
The utility model preclude the use of nutrient solution circulating hydroponic methods to achieve the purpose.Sensor Dian culture medium of water delivered to the automatic controller fertilizer information, automatic controller according to claim control of nutrient solution pond pump submersible pump to cultivation nutrition dripper pipes above the nutrient solution from the dropper into the cultivation pipeline right matrix for irrigation, and then returned via the return pipe nutrient solution tank.
The utility model preclude the use of humidity measurement and control equipment for the cultivation system for automatic watering or fertilizing Quefei dry automatic alarm and automatic fault with a variety of processing functions.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the system construction drawing of the utility model, and Fig. 2 is a nutrient solution circulation sketch map, and Fig. 3 is the flow chart of automatic control system.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is done further explain.
The utility model is made up of duct type vertical cultivation post, automatic control system and nutrient solution circulation irrigation system three parts.
In Fig. 2 nutrient solution circulation sketch map, the arrow indication is that nutrient solution circulates direction.Water pump 7 with nutrient solution through upper hose 5 pumps to the water dropper 12 of cultivating pipeline top, the cultivation column of flowing through returns the nutrient solution pond through return pipe 8, accomplishes a circulation.Control that next week at automatic controller 3 renews circular flow.
Fig. 1 is the system construction drawing of the utility model.Main member is: 1, cultivation post, 3, controller, 4, sensor, 5, upper hose, 6, the nutrient solution water tank, 7, water pump, 8, return pipe, 11, cultivation matrix, 12, water dropper.
Duct type vertical cultivation post 1 is the core component of the utility model.Even distribution dozens of culture hole 2 around cultivation post 1 tube wall is in order to each plant species such as planting vegetable flowers.Fill extremely soft cultivation matrix 11 in cultivation post 1 pipe, grow fast in order to root system of plant.There are filter cotton 13 and tube connector 14 in cultivation matrix 11 belows.Bracing frame 9 is arranged at the bottom of cultivation post 1, is used for all cultivation post fixed connection wind resistances anti-down.The top of bracing frame 9 is filters 10, is used for the nutrient solution in the isolation medium soil, for nutrient solution returns water tank passage is provided.
Nutrient solution is pumped from nutrient solution water tank 6 through cultivation post 1 top water dropper 12 by immersible pump 7 and flows into moisture and the fertilizer of supplying with the plant abundance in the post, flows back to nutrient solution water tank 6 through cultivation post 1 lower end then, and this circulates by automatic controller 3 observing and controlling circular flows.
Nutrient solution circulation irrigation system is moved by automatic controlling system, adopts humidity control automatic-watering technology; The matrix nutrition auto-Detection Technology is that implant mass provides technical guarantee.
Fig. 3 is the workflow diagram of automatic control system.

Claims (5)

1. a nutrient solution circulation column plant species plants and is equipped with, and it is characterized in that: be made up of solid cultivation post, automatic control system and nutrient solution circulation irrigation system three parts; Solid cultivation post (1) is made up of the thin-walled plastic blank pipe; Even distribution dozens of culture hole (2) around cultivation post (1) tube wall; Fill cultivation matrix (11) in cultivation post (1) pipe, bracing frame (9) is arranged at the bottom of cultivation post (1), and the top of bracing frame (9) is filter (10).
2. nutrient solution circulation column type plant planting equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described nutrient solution circulation irrigation system is made up of immersible pump (7), nutrient solution water tank (6), upper hose (5), water dropper (12) and return pipe (8); Nutrient solution is pumped from nutrient solution water tank (6) in upper hose (5) flows into cultivation post (1) top water dropper (12) inflow post by immersible pump (7) and supplies with plant moisture content and fertilizer, flows back to nutrient solution water tank (6) through cultivation post (1) lower end return pipe (8) then.
3. nutrient solution circulation column type plant planting equipment according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described automatic control system mainly is made up of automatic controller (3) and probe sensor (4).
4. nutrient solution circulation column type plant planting equipment according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described probe sensor (4) is made up of two metal bars.
5. nutrient solution circulation column type plant planting equipment according to claim 3; It is characterized in that: described automatic controller (3) is the psychrometrc analysis controller; The data that it surveys probe sensor (4) are analysed judgement, according to planting requirement control of pump (7) system are carried out water-fertilizer conditioning and warning.
CN2012200324488U 2012-02-02 2012-02-02 Nutrient solution circulating stand-column-type plant planting equipment Expired - Fee Related CN202617890U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200324488U CN202617890U (en) 2012-02-02 2012-02-02 Nutrient solution circulating stand-column-type plant planting equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200324488U CN202617890U (en) 2012-02-02 2012-02-02 Nutrient solution circulating stand-column-type plant planting equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202617890U true CN202617890U (en) 2012-12-26

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104396717A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-11 氧脉国际公司 Hose type soilless culture system and culture hose
CN105120654A (en) * 2013-02-08 2015-12-02 罗克伍尔国际公司 Plant growth system
CN105638423A (en) * 2015-06-26 2016-06-08 冯志华 Vertical planting and growing tower
CN105766182A (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-07-20 江西省农业科学院土壤肥料与资源环境研究所 Ionic fertilizer fertilizing system and ionic fertilizer fertilizing method
CN107080998A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-08-22 朱德仲 Nutrient solution Rose Box is used in a kind of flowers sowing
TWI642880B (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-12-01 段祥利 Indoor temperature adjusting device and architecture thereof

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105120654A (en) * 2013-02-08 2015-12-02 罗克伍尔国际公司 Plant growth system
US10492388B2 (en) 2013-02-08 2019-12-03 Rockwool International A/S Plant growth system
CN104396717A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-11 氧脉国际公司 Hose type soilless culture system and culture hose
CN104396717B (en) * 2014-11-28 2017-07-11 氧脉国际公司 Hose type soilless culture system and its cultivation flexible pipe
CN105638423A (en) * 2015-06-26 2016-06-08 冯志华 Vertical planting and growing tower
CN105766182A (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-07-20 江西省农业科学院土壤肥料与资源环境研究所 Ionic fertilizer fertilizing system and ionic fertilizer fertilizing method
CN105766182B (en) * 2015-09-02 2017-08-25 江西省农业科学院土壤肥料与资源环境研究所 A kind of fertile fertilization system of ion and the fertile fertilizing method of ion
CN107080998A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-08-22 朱德仲 Nutrient solution Rose Box is used in a kind of flowers sowing
TWI642880B (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-12-01 段祥利 Indoor temperature adjusting device and architecture thereof

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Granted publication date: 20121226

Termination date: 20170202