CN202613501U - Multi-function straw particle automatic direct combustion furnace - Google Patents

Multi-function straw particle automatic direct combustion furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202613501U
CN202613501U CN 201220196842 CN201220196842U CN202613501U CN 202613501 U CN202613501 U CN 202613501U CN 201220196842 CN201220196842 CN 201220196842 CN 201220196842 U CN201220196842 U CN 201220196842U CN 202613501 U CN202613501 U CN 202613501U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
burner hearth
fire grate
stuffing box
direct combustion
furnace
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201220196842
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王伟
张德勇
王尚谋
Original Assignee
王伟
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 王伟 filed Critical 王伟
Priority to CN 201220196842 priority Critical patent/CN202613501U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202613501U publication Critical patent/CN202613501U/en

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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of energy-saving stoves and provides a multi-function straw particle automatic direct combustion furnace which is simple and reasonable in structure and convenient to use, and combines cooking, water boiling and heating together. The multi-function straw particle automatic direct combustion furnace is characterized in that a hearth and a furnace ash chamber are arranged in a furnace body, the furnace ash chamber is arranged at the bottom of the hearth, a fire grate is arranged between the hearth and the furnace ash chamber, a furnace mouth is arranged in the lower portion of the hearth, and an oven mouth is arranged in the top of the hearth; a furnace lid is inlaid on the oven mouth, a smoke discharging mouth is arranged in the upper portion of the hearth, and the smoke discharging mouth of the hearth is connected with a smoke discharging pipe; a slag outlet is arranged in the lower portion of the furnace ash chamber, and a stuffing box is installed on one side on the hearth, wherein the side corresponds to the furnace mouth; and a discharge port is arranged at the bottom of the stuffing box, a fire grate is arranged on the lower portion of the discharge port of the stuffing box, and the fire grate is inserted into a furnace wall corresponding to the furnace mouth in a slant mode. The multi-function straw particle automatic direct combustion furnace is widely applied to straw burning, and is energy-saving.

Description

The automatic direct combustion stove of multifunction straw particle
Technical field
The automatic direct combustion stove of the utility model multifunction straw particle belongs to the energy-saving stove technical field.
Background technology
At present, stalk is utilizable main bioenergy, currently pays much attention to stalk energy development comprehensive utilization.
In the last few years, some family expenses or small-sized stalk direct combustion stove had appearred, but because this technology is ripe not enough; It phenomenon in use often occurs burning, and burning time is short, can not sustained combustion; It is insufficient to burn, and the thermal efficiency is low, and fuel consumes big; Problems such as energy-saving effect difference, people use very inconvenient.
The utility model content
The utility model overcomes the deficiency that prior art exists, and technical problem to be solved has provided a kind of simple and reasonable for structure, and is easy to use, integrates the automatic direct combustion stove of the multifunction straw particle of cooking, heat up water, warming oneself.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model adopted is: the automatic direct combustion stove of multifunction straw particle comprises: body of heater, burner hearth and ashes chamber; Be provided with burner hearth and ashes chamber in the said body of heater, the bottom of said burner hearth is provided with the ashes chamber, is provided with fire grate between said burner hearth and the ashes chamber; The bottom of said burner hearth is provided with fire door, and the top of said burner hearth is provided with the cooking stove mouth, is inlaid with bell on the said cooking stove mouth; The top of said burner hearth has exhaust opening, is connected with smoke exhaust pipe on the exhaust opening of said burner hearth, and the bottom of said ashes chamber is provided with the slag outlet; With the corresponding side of fire door stuffing box is installed on the said burner hearth, the bottom of said stuffing box is provided with discharging opening, and the discharging opening bottom of said stuffing box is provided with fire grate; Said fire grate oblique cutting with the corresponding furnace wall of fire door on, an end of said fire grate is positioned at burner hearth, the other end of burner hearth is positioned at the outside of burner hearth; And be positioned at the below of stuffing box; The end below that said fire grate is positioned at burner hearth is provided with bellows, and the outer wall of said ashes chamber is provided with first blower fan, and said first blower fan is connected with bellows through conduit; The base plate of the said fire grate other end and stuffing box constitutes a gathering sill; Be provided with the pusher slide block in the gathering sill that the stuffing box of said fire grate constitutes, an end of said pusher slide block is connected with the casing of stuffing box through back-moving spring, and an end of said pusher slide block is provided with cam.
The end that said fire grate is positioned at burner hearth is provided with through hole.
Said through hole tilts 45 ° to the discharging opening direction of stuffing box.
Be connected with an arm on the said conduit, said arm and burner hearth connection are provided with the gas outlet, and said gas outlet is positioned at the top of fire grate.
A volume control damper respectively is installed on said conduit and the arm.
The outer wall of said burner hearth is provided with asbestos board.
Be provided with the spiral steel plate between the inner and outer wall of said burner hearth; Said spiral steel plate is threaded to the top of burner hearth by the lower disc of burner hearth; The inner and outer wall of said spiral steel plate and burner hearth constitutes helical duct; The top of said burner hearth is provided with helical duct outlet, and the bottom of said burner hearth is provided with said helical duct import, and said helical duct import department is connected with second blower fan.
The utility model compared with prior art has following beneficial effect.
1, the utility model is simple and reasonable for structure, and use is simple, floor space is little, integrates and cooks, heats up water, warms oneself.
2, a side of the utility model burner hearth is provided with charging box, through pusher slide block and cam acting in conjunction, and fully automatic feeding, easy to use, have oblique sky on the fire grate, guarantee the material sufficient combustion, energy savings.
3, have inclined via-hole on the utility model fire grate, guarantee the material sufficient combustion, and guarantee the burning continuity, the thermal efficiency is higher.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described further.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing of fire grate among Fig. 1.
Among the figure: 1 is burner hearth, and 2 is the ashes chamber, and 3 is fire door, and 4 is the cooking stove mouth, and 5 is bell, and 6 is smoke exhaust pipe; 7 are the slag outlet, and 8 is fire grate, and 9 is stuffing box, and 10 is the pusher slide block, and 11 is back-moving spring, and 12 is cam; 13 is bellows, and 14 is first blower fan, and 15 is through hole, and 16 is conduit, and 17 is arm, and 18 is the gas outlet; 19 is volume control damper, and 20 is the spiral steel plate, and 21 are the helical duct outlet, and 22 is second blower fan, and 23 is asbestos board.
The specific embodiment
Like Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, the automatic direct combustion stove of multifunction straw particle comprises: body of heater, burner hearth 1 and ashes chamber 2; Be provided with burner hearth 1 and ashes chamber 2 in the said body of heater, the bottom of said burner hearth 1 is provided with ashes chamber 2, is provided with fire grate 8 between said burner hearth 1 and the ashes chamber 2; The bottom of said burner hearth 1 is provided with fire door 3, and the top of said burner hearth 1 is provided with cooking stove mouth 4, is inlaid with bell 5 on the said cooking stove mouth 4; The top of said burner hearth 1 has exhaust opening, is connected with smoke exhaust pipe 6 on the exhaust opening of said burner hearth 1, and the bottom of said ashes chamber 2 is provided with slag outlet 7; With fire door 3 corresponding sides stuffing box 9 is installed on the said burner hearth 1, the bottom of said stuffing box 9 is provided with discharging opening, and the discharging opening bottom of said stuffing box 9 is provided with fire grate 8; Said fire grate 8 oblique cuttings with fire door 3 corresponding furnace walls on, an end of said fire grate 8 is positioned at burner hearth 1, the other end of burner hearth 8 is positioned at the outside of burner hearth 1; And be positioned at the below of stuffing box 9; The end below that said fire grate 8 is positioned at burner hearth 1 is provided with bellows 13, and the outer wall of said ashes chamber 2 is provided with first blower fan 14, and said first blower fan 14 is connected with bellows 13 through conduit 16; The base plate of said fire grate 8 other ends and stuffing box 9 constitutes a gathering sill; Be provided with pusher slide block 10 in the gathering sill that the stuffing box 9 of said fire grate 8 constitutes, an end of said pusher slide block 10 is connected through the casing of back-moving spring 11 with stuffing box 9, and an end of said pusher slide block 10 is provided with cam 12.
The end that said fire grate 8 is positioned at burner hearth 1 is provided with through hole 15.
Said through hole 15 tilts 45 ° to the discharging opening direction of stuffing box 9.
Be connected with an arm 17 on the said conduit 16, said arm 17 is provided with gas outlet 18 with burner hearth 1 connection, and said gas outlet 18 is positioned at the top of fire grate 8.
On said conduit 16 and the arm 17 volume control damper 19 is installed respectively.
The outer wall of said burner hearth 1 is provided with asbestos board 23.
Be provided with spiral steel plate 20 between the inner and outer wall of said burner hearth 1; Said spiral steel plate 20 is threaded to the top of burner hearth 1 by the lower disc of burner hearth 1; Said spiral steel plate 20 constitutes helical duct with the inner and outer wall of burner hearth 1; The top of said burner hearth 1 is provided with helical duct outlet 21, and the bottom of said burner hearth 1 is provided with said helical duct import, and said helical duct import department is connected with second blower fan 22.
The course of work of the utility model is: the stalk material is filled in the stuffing box 9, treat that stuffing box 9 and fire grate 8 are put material well after, open fire door 4; Light the material on the fire grate 8, open first blower fan 14 simultaneously, adjust the volume control damper 19 on conduit 16 and the arm 17 respectively; After adjusting the fire in a stove before fuel is added, close fire door 4, open motor and make cam 12 begin to rotate; Under the effect of cam 12 and back-moving spring 11, pusher slide block 10 carries out iterative motion, and the material in the stuffing box 9 is dropped on fire grate 8; And constantly push the combustion zone to through pusher slide block 10, during pusher slide block 10 pushers, the material on the fire grate 8 is after-flame just in time; Push material through pusher slide block 10, the ashes of material are slipped in the ashes chamber 2.
Fire grate 8 steel plate thickness have through hole 15 greater than 8mm in the utility model on the fire grate 8, and through hole 15 diameters are about 6mm; And through hole 15 is diminished by the ashes of the fire grate discharging opening via densities of holding stuffing box 9 that drops gradually, and through hole 15 tilts 45 ° to stuffing box 9 discharging opening directions, distributes to guarantee furnace temperature; Pusher slide block 10 pushes material, and when treating that material is about to fall in the ashes chamber 2, material is after-flame just in time; Fire grate 8 is provided with the through hole 15 to the inclination of stuffing box 9 discharging opening directions simultaneously; To guarantee the continuity of material burning, shifted in the ashes chamber 2 onto not slagging scorification after the burning of assurance material during the material after-flame by follow-up material.
Need not drive second blower fan 22 when cooking summer, and wherein the asbestos board 23 on the outer wall of burner hearth 1 can play good heat insulation effect; Open first blower fan 14 and second blower fan 22 when cooking winter, and spiral steel plate 20 spirals between the inner and outer wall of burner hearth 1 to the top of burner hearth 1; Spiral steel plate 20 constitutes a helical duct with the inner and outer wall of burner hearth 1, and second blower fan 22 blows into the temperature absorption of the interior air of helical duct with burner hearth 1 inner wall surface, and sends into indoor through helical duct outlet 21; Supply people's heating; If cook, heat up water, temperature is influenced, can use at interval through adjustment second blower fan 22.

Claims (7)

1. the automatic direct combustion stove of multifunction straw particle comprises: body of heater, burner hearth (1) and ashes chamber (2) are provided with burner hearth (1) and ashes chamber (2) in the said body of heater; The bottom of said burner hearth (1) is provided with ashes chamber (2); Be provided with fire grate (8) between said burner hearth (1) and ashes chamber (2), the bottom of said burner hearth (1) is provided with fire door (3), and the top of said burner hearth (1) is provided with cooking stove mouth (4); Be inlaid with bell (5) on the said cooking stove mouth (4); The top of said burner hearth (1) has exhaust opening, is connected with smoke exhaust pipe (6) on the exhaust opening of said burner hearth (1), and the bottom of said ashes chamber (2) is provided with slag outlet (7); It is characterized in that: said burner hearth (1) is gone up and the corresponding side of fire door (3) is equipped with stuffing box (9); The bottom of said stuffing box (9) is provided with discharging opening, and the discharging opening bottom of said stuffing box (9) is provided with fire grate (8), said fire grate (8) oblique cutting with the corresponding furnace wall of fire door (3) on; One end of said fire grate (8) is positioned at burner hearth (1); The other end of burner hearth (8) is positioned at the outside of burner hearth (1), and is positioned at the below of stuffing box (9), and the end below that said fire grate (8) is positioned at burner hearth (1) is provided with bellows (13); The outer wall of said ashes chamber (2) is provided with first blower fan (14); Said first blower fan (14) is connected with bellows (13) through conduit (16), and the base plate of said fire grate (8) other end and stuffing box (9) constitutes a gathering sill, is provided with pusher slide block (10) in the gathering sill that the stuffing box (9) of said fire grate (8) constitutes; One end of said pusher slide block (10) is connected through the casing of back-moving spring (11) with stuffing box (9), and an end of said pusher slide block (10) is provided with cam (12).
2. the automatic direct combustion stove of multifunction straw particle according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the end that said fire grate (8) is positioned at burner hearth (1) is provided with through hole (15).
3. the automatic direct combustion stove of multifunction straw particle according to claim 2 is characterized in that: said through hole (15) tilts 45 ° to the discharging opening direction of stuffing box (9).
4. the automatic direct combustion stove of multifunction straw particle according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: be connected with an arm (17) on the said conduit (16); Said arm (17) is provided with gas outlet (18) with burner hearth (1) connection, and said gas outlet (18) are positioned at the top of fire grate (8).
5. according to claim 1 or the automatic direct combustion stove of 4 described multifunction straw particles, it is characterized in that: on said conduit (16) and the arm (17) volume control damper (19) is installed respectively.
6. the automatic direct combustion stove of multifunction straw particle according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the outer wall of said burner hearth (1) is provided with asbestos board (23).
7. according to claim 1,2,3,4, the automatic direct combustion stove of 6 each described multifunction straw particles; It is characterized in that: be provided with spiral steel plate (20) between the inner and outer wall of said burner hearth (1); Said spiral steel plate (20) is threaded to the top of burner hearth (1) by the lower disc of burner hearth (1); Said spiral steel plate (20) constitutes helical duct with the inner and outer wall of burner hearth (1); The top of said burner hearth (1) is provided with helical duct outlet (21), and the bottom of said burner hearth (1) is provided with said helical duct import, and said helical duct import department is connected with second blower fan (22).
CN 201220196842 2012-05-04 2012-05-04 Multi-function straw particle automatic direct combustion furnace CN202613501U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220196842 CN202613501U (en) 2012-05-04 2012-05-04 Multi-function straw particle automatic direct combustion furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220196842 CN202613501U (en) 2012-05-04 2012-05-04 Multi-function straw particle automatic direct combustion furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202613501U true CN202613501U (en) 2012-12-19

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ID=47347192

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220196842 CN202613501U (en) 2012-05-04 2012-05-04 Multi-function straw particle automatic direct combustion furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202613501U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105180196A (en) * 2015-10-21 2015-12-23 无锡清杨机械制造有限公司 Boiler feeding device using mobile flat-bottom driven member and disk cam mechanism
CN105276572A (en) * 2014-07-01 2016-01-27 王伟 Straw pellet burner
CN108916905A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-11-30 潘真清 Multiple duct object fuel heating stove

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105276572A (en) * 2014-07-01 2016-01-27 王伟 Straw pellet burner
CN105180196A (en) * 2015-10-21 2015-12-23 无锡清杨机械制造有限公司 Boiler feeding device using mobile flat-bottom driven member and disk cam mechanism
CN108916905A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-11-30 潘真清 Multiple duct object fuel heating stove

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121219

Termination date: 20150504