CN202586500U - Ship energy management system - Google Patents

Ship energy management system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202586500U
CN202586500U CN 201220182155 CN201220182155U CN202586500U CN 202586500 U CN202586500 U CN 202586500U CN 201220182155 CN201220182155 CN 201220182155 CN 201220182155 U CN201220182155 U CN 201220182155U CN 202586500 U CN202586500 U CN 202586500U
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China
Prior art keywords
work station
management
network
power
energy
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201220182155
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
夏立
王黎明
王征
卜乐平
邵英
杨宣访
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Naval University of Engineering PLA
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Naval University of Engineering PLA
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Priority to CN 201220182155 priority Critical patent/CN202586500U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model provides a ship energy management system. Two layers of computer network structures, namely an upper layer and a lower layer, are adopted, the upper layer is the industrial Ethernet, an energy management centralized control platform is connected with the industrial Ethernet, and the lower layer is a field bus network which is composed of a programmable logic controller (PLC) and a collecting module. The industrial Ethernet is connected with the field bus network through a first switch and a gateway in sequence, one end of the PLC is connected with the gateway, the other end of the PLC and the collecting module are respectively connected with the field bus network, and the collecting module is connected with a power station device. By means of the ship energy management system, electric energy can be effectively and quickly dispatched according to running condition of a ship, the electric energy can be reasonably distributed and used, the electric energy in the whole ship and electricity using condition of various loads can be managed effectively, and the problems that electric energy supply is not enough, the electric energy is surplus, electric energy dispatching is not timely can be prevented from happening to a power supply system as far as possible.

Description

A kind of boats and ships EMS
Technical field
The utility model relates to the boats and ships field of energy management, specifically is a kind of boats and ships EMS.
Background technology
" energy " and " information " is the important composition element of boats and ships platform.The platform energy can promote boats and ships and advance, and can electric power be provided for apparel, and energy is that the boats and ships platform exists and the use basis, is the symbol of mechanization.Information be between any material and the people and material between indispensable interface, informationization be exactly extensively, in depth the obtaining of extend information, transmit, management and use means, bring into play the effective utilization of information to greatest extent, thereby strengthen the usefulness of equipment.Boats and ships platform EMS makes full use of platform information exactly, the platform energy is unified the system that monitors, controls, dispatches and manage.It has made full use of modern information technologies, has strengthened the effective utilization of platform energy, is that mechanization combines with informationalized, is that apparel is by the typical application of mechanization to Informatization Development.
The boats and ships EMS is to be management object with the energy of boats and ships platform (mainly showing as two kinds of form of energy of power and electric power), is the element of Integrated Platform Management System (IPMS).
EMS is not a novel concept; Complete electric power system occurring from the eighties of last century boats and ships begins; Power Management System (PMS) notion just occurred, the Chinese literal translation is power management system, and power can be expressed as " electric power " and " machinery " power; But the PMS notion is refered in particular to " electric power " power, generally comprise generating set automatic startup, shutdown, load shedding, meritoriously distribute automatically, report to the police automatically and function such as part backup protection.Implication, the function of the power management system of PMS and the statement of domestic boats and ships electric specialty are basic identical.The land does not have " power management system " notion (PMS) of employing with the electric power system industry both at home and abroad; And adopt the notion of " EMS " (Energy Management System-EMS); It is the main contents of dispatching automation, and its notion connotation is a cover provides the computer software and hardware system of data acquisition, supervision, control and optimization for Power System Control Centers a general name.
" power management system " is basic identical with the notion of " EMS "; The function ratio " power management system " that " but EMS " realized is wider; It has increased some Automatic Optimal management functions again on the basis of monitoring, control, have intellectuality.The function of present boats and ships " power management system ", the SCADA (Monitoring and Controlling and data acquisition), AGC (automatic generation control) function that realize with " EMS " nineteen seventies are identical.At this moment; Though SCADA, AGC can carry out the control of generating set automatic frequency, idle work optimization; And grasp real-time power network operating condition and processing accident with very big help for the dispatching of power netwoks personnel, but still do not possess functions such as auto state estimation, trend calculating, safety analysis and operation optimization.
At present; Domestic boats and ships mainly still concentrate in the management of electric energy aspect the power station, and the mode of employing also mainly is to gather the power consumption equipment state, monitor and report to the police; And generating set protected and control, there is not to form integrated management for complete electric equipment peculiar to vessel.That is to say, mainly be passive handling to fault and warning, and the allotment of carrying out electric energy of active does not more have algorithm to carry out the judgement of decision-making level.
Summary of the invention
The utility model provides a kind of boats and ships EMS; Can take all factors into consideration and realize that generating automation, system monitoring are reported to the police, power transmission and distribution monitoring and protection and power consumption equipment monitoring management, economy, reliability, fail safe, stability that can the complex optimum Ship Electrical Power System.
A kind of boats and ships EMS adopts two-layer computer network architecture, and the upper strata is an EPA; The energy management central control desk is connected with EPA, and lower floor is a fieldbus networks, is made up of PLC controller, acquisition module; Be connected through first switch, gateway successively between upper strata EPA and the lower floor bus network; One end of PLC controller is connected with gateway, and the other end of PLC controller and acquisition module are connected with fieldbus respectively, and acquisition module is connected with power station equipment.
Aforesaid boats and ships EMS; Said energy management central control desk comprises confession distribution management work station, load management work station, safety management work station, network analysis work station, information network management work station; Supply distribution management work station, load management work station, safety management work station, network analysis work station, information network management work station to be connected the second switch access industrial Ethernet respectively with second switch.
The utility model can effectively and promptly be dispatched electric energy according to the operating condition of boats and ships; Reasonably distribute and use electric energy; Can effectively manage the electric energy of full ship and the electricity consumption situation of various loads, make electric power system avoid occurring supply of electrical energy deficiency, electric energy surplus, the untimely situation of electric energy allotment as far as possible; Use the EPA can also be simultaneously with a kind of boats and ships Control Network form of flattening; Realize interconnection, the intercommunication of boats and ships Control Network and information network easily; Accomplish the seamless combination of high-level business information and shipboard automation, form the boats and ships network architecture that a kind of standard-sized sheet is truly put.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the composition block architecture diagram of the utility model boats and ships EMS.
Among the figure: 10-EPA, 20-energy management central control desk, 21-distribution management work station, 22-load management work station; 23-safety management work station, 24-network analysis work station, 25-information network management work station, 26-second switch; The 30-fieldbus, 40-first switch, 50-gateway, 60-PLC controller; The 70-acquisition module, 80-power station equipment, 90-power plant operation panel.
Embodiment
To combine the accompanying drawing in the utility model below, the technical scheme in the utility model will be carried out clear, intactly description.
As shown in Figure 1; The utility model boats and ships EMS adopts two-layer computer network architecture, and the upper strata is an EPA 10, and energy management central control desk 20 is connected with EPA 10; Form energy management center, upper strata, realize monitoring, control and management function towards management level.Lower floor is a fieldbus networks, mainly is made up of PLC controller 60, acquisition module 70, is used for realizing acquisition function or controlled function towards power station equipment 70 (for example main frame, axle generator, fire-fighting are collapsed, diesel engine generator etc.).Be connected through first switch 40, gateway 50 between upper strata EPA 10 and the lower floor bus network; Be used for becoming system with energy management center, upper strata and the PLC of lower floor controller, acquisition module are interconnected; Thereby the network-type distributed energy management solutions system that to form monitor set, control, management and a protection be one has realized functions such as generating automation, monitoring, alarming, power transmission and distribution monitoring and protection, capital equipment monitoring management.Wherein, gateway 50 is connected with PLC controller 60, and PLC controller 60 is connected with fieldbus 30 with acquisition module 70, and acquisition module 70 is connected with power station equipment 80.Wherein, said acquisition module 70 can be intelligent detecting module.Said boats and ships EMS also can comprise power plant operation panel 90, and said power plant operation panel 90 inserts fieldbus 30, is used to realize operation and the control to power station equipment.
Said energy management central control desk 20 comprises confession distribution management work station 21, load management work station 22, safety management work station 23, network analysis work station 24, information network management work station 25.Supply distribution management work station 21, load management work station 22, safety management work station 23, network analysis work station 24, information network management work station 25 to be connected switch access industrial Ethernet 10 respectively with switch.Supply the computing assembly on distribution management work station 21, load management work station 22, safety management work station 23, network analysis work station 24, information network management work station 25 backstages, the information interaction of intermodule capable of using and inside modules is accomplished the application corresponding function.
The electricity generation module, Power entry module, power transformation module, the energy-storage module that supply distribution management work station 21 to be used for boats and ships are monitored, are controlled, and the energy of boats and ships is carried out reasonable distribution; When breaking down in systems such as the own generation problems of shipbreaking, misoperation or equipment simultaneously, can in time realize network reconfiguration apace, recover electric to greatest extent.
Load management work station 22 is used for the monitoring with electricity condition of boats and ships conventional load, to full ship energy scheduling, advances load (propulsion electric machine and converter plant), energy storage device to carry out power management, realizes the intelligent management and the decision-making of specific loads.The Core Feature of load management work station 22 has three: (1) guarantees that total load power is no more than total generated output; (2) rationally be the load allocating electric energy; Influence to systematic function when (3) dispatching energy minimizes.
Safety management work station 23 is used to realize monitoring and fault diagnosis and the intelligent protection to power system safety and stability assessment, power system device.Wherein, The power system safety and stability assessment is according to electric power networks structure and service conditions; Calculate the running status of whole network, analyze the static stability and the margin of safety of electrical network, thereby real-time security monitoring is carried out in electric power system; Judge current running status, and can carry out safety analysis forecast accident; The monitoring and fault diagnosis of power system device is through analysis, processing and control to Information Monitoring, realizes the functions such as automatic monitoring, failure predication, location and diagnosis of power system device; Intelligent protection is system's service data of utilizing network analysis work station 24 to obtain, and the method for utilization artificial intelligence is carried out system trouble analysis, and then accomplishes the protection logic determines, and indicates the respective switch break-make thus, realizes the system protection function.
Network analysis work station 24 is used for the data through the EMS data acquisition of building, and accomplishes functions such as System Discrimination and topological analysis, state estimation, electric energy quality monitoring.Wherein, System Discrimination is to confirm the network topology relation according to the folding condition of switch and power network wiring, thereby the real-time tracking power system network is topological; State estimation is that the data of surveying are detected and identification; Extrapolate the various electric parameters of electric power system of complete and accurate; The integrality tidal current analysis of raising system is studied the power system stability service conditions exactly; Can analyze electric power system for information about, thereby complete data are provided for whole power system analysis at the distribute power of specified criteria lower network and node voltage etc.; Electric energy quality monitoring is to accomplish voltage fluctuation, flickering, fall and wave distortion harmonic monitoring analysis temporarily, thereby provides the improvement and the control measure of the quality of power supply, improves the local quality of power supply of boats and ships, guarantees the high-quality electric energy.
Information network management work station 25 is used to accomplish the functions such as configuration management, fault management, performance management and safety management of information network.Wherein, the configuration information of main monitoring network of configuration management and system is so that follow the tracks of and manage the effect of different software and hardware elements to network operation; Fault management is used for detecting, the record network failure is also notified and given the user, repairs network failure as far as possible automatically so that network can move effectively; Performance management is systematic functions such as operation conditions and the communication efficiency of appraisal system resource; Safety management is the visit of control to Internet resources, do not had a mind to or infringement by mistake to guarantee network, and the assurance sensitive information is not by those undelegated user captures.
The above; Be merely the embodiment of the utility model; But the protection range of the utility model is not limited thereto; Any technical staff who belongs to the present technique field is in the technical scope that the present invention discloses, and the variation that can expect easily or replacement all should be encompassed within the protection range of the utility model.Therefore, the protection range of the utility model should be as the criterion with the protection range of claim.

Claims (2)

1. boats and ships EMS; It is characterized in that: adopt two-layer computer network architecture, the upper strata is EPA (10), and energy management central control desk (20) is connected with EPA (10); Lower floor is a fieldbus networks; Be made up of PLC controller (60), acquisition module (70), be connected through first switch (40), gateway (50) successively between upper strata EPA (10) and the lower floor bus network, an end of PLC controller (60) is connected with gateway (50); The other end of PLC controller (60) and acquisition module (70) are connected with fieldbus (30) respectively, and acquisition module (70) is connected with power station equipment (80).
2. boats and ships EMS as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that: said energy management central control desk (20) comprises confession distribution management work station (21), load management work station (22), safety management work station (23), network analysis work station (24), information network management work station (25); Supply distribution management work station (21), load management work station (22), safety management work station (23), network analysis work station (24), information network management work station (25) to be connected second switch (26) access industrial Ethernet (10) respectively with second switch (26).
CN 201220182155 2012-04-26 2012-04-26 Ship energy management system Expired - Fee Related CN202586500U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102664457A (en) * 2012-04-26 2012-09-12 中国人民解放军海军工程大学 Energy management system for ship
CN103345869A (en) * 2013-06-25 2013-10-09 武汉理工大学 Kilowatt-level ship energy system test platform based on composite energy combined grid power generation
CN104571130A (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-04-29 青岛海山海洋装备有限公司 Load modularized carrying method for underwater autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV)
CN104571035A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-29 中国船舶重工集团公司第七0四研究所 Control level management method for ultra-large ship power station
CN107015534A (en) * 2017-03-13 2017-08-04 东莞信易电热机械有限公司 A kind of control system of plastic rubber shaping
CN107140168A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-09-08 武汉理工大学 A kind of hybrid power ship EMS and control method based on WAVELET FUZZY logic
CN109302303A (en) * 2018-07-11 2019-02-01 上海电力学院 One kind is provided multiple forms of energy to complement each other energy internal layer control system

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102664457A (en) * 2012-04-26 2012-09-12 中国人民解放军海军工程大学 Energy management system for ship
CN103345869A (en) * 2013-06-25 2013-10-09 武汉理工大学 Kilowatt-level ship energy system test platform based on composite energy combined grid power generation
CN103345869B (en) * 2013-06-25 2016-01-06 武汉理工大学 Based on the multikilowatt ship energy system experimental platform that compound energy generates electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems
CN104571035A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-29 中国船舶重工集团公司第七0四研究所 Control level management method for ultra-large ship power station
CN104571035B (en) * 2014-12-24 2017-04-12 中国船舶重工集团公司第七0四研究所 Control level management method for ultra-large ship power station
CN104571130A (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-04-29 青岛海山海洋装备有限公司 Load modularized carrying method for underwater autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV)
CN107015534A (en) * 2017-03-13 2017-08-04 东莞信易电热机械有限公司 A kind of control system of plastic rubber shaping
CN107140168A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-09-08 武汉理工大学 A kind of hybrid power ship EMS and control method based on WAVELET FUZZY logic
CN107140168B (en) * 2017-04-26 2019-03-19 武汉理工大学 It is a kind of based on small echo-fuzzy logic hybrid power ship Energy Management System and control method
CN109302303A (en) * 2018-07-11 2019-02-01 上海电力学院 One kind is provided multiple forms of energy to complement each other energy internal layer control system

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GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121205

Termination date: 20150426