CN202576344U - Equipment for extracting oil fuel from sandy oil sludge or/and organic waste - Google Patents

Equipment for extracting oil fuel from sandy oil sludge or/and organic waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202576344U
CN202576344U CN2011203501795U CN201120350179U CN202576344U CN 202576344 U CN202576344 U CN 202576344U CN 2011203501795 U CN2011203501795 U CN 2011203501795U CN 201120350179 U CN201120350179 U CN 201120350179U CN 202576344 U CN202576344 U CN 202576344U
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housing
reactor drum
oil
treatment reactor
temperature
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周鼎力
邢力
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周鼎力
邢力
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P30/00Technologies relating to oil refining and petrochemical industry
    • Y02P30/20Technologies relating to oil refining and petrochemical industry using bio-feedstock

Abstract

The utility model discloses equipment for extracting an oil fuel from sandy oil sludge or/and organic waste. The equipment comprises a charging bucket (11), a feeder (8), a primary low-temperature heat treatment reactor (14), a secondary high-temperature heat treatment reactor (15), a combustion furnace (1), condensers (17, 20 and 25), an oil fuel collection tank (19), a gasoline oil-water separator (21), a fractionating tower (22), a stripping tower (23), a water-sealed tank (24), a diesel collection tank (27), a fixed bed catalysis tank (28), a high-temperature hot oil pump (29) and a spiral slagging device (38). The equipment is continuous in production, free from coking, high in oil fuel recovery rate, simple in structure, convenient to maintain and low in treatment cost.

Description

A kind of from containing husky greasy filth or/and extract the equipment of fuel oil the organic waste
Technical field
The utility model relates to from containing husky greasy filth or/and extract the equipment of fuel oil the organic waste; Especially; Be through I and II thermal treatment reactor drum or/and cat-cracker from containing husky greasy filth or/and extract the equipment of fuel oil (gasoline, diesel) the organic waste, belong to petrochemical industry.
Background technology
Fast development along with world economy; The demand of oil is more and more big; Make full use of and administered the greasy filth or the silt that produce around the oil well in the oil production, the settled greasy filth of oil recovery factory's tank bottom, and oil-containing sandy soil (0il-Sands) resource; The separated from petroleum that is stored in the crustal derm sandy soil is come out, be the mankind obtain petroleum resources on the earth important by way of one of;
The relevant existing report of equipment that from oil husky (Oil-Sands), extracts hydrocarbon ils.The inventor is in CN1556173; " a kind of method and apparatus that from the oil-containing sandy soil, extracts hydrocarbon ils " disclosed; Disclose the oil-containing sand and in a rotatable reaction kettle, carried out thermo-cracking; The hot sand of a part of high temperature (800-1000 ℃) is turned back in the pyrolytic reaction still, and directly contact the equipment that conducts heat and give the heat supply of heat scission reaction part with raw material (oil is husky); The oil-containing sandy soil mainly are that natural oil Tanaka's crude oil is penetrated into the natural oil that forms behind the desert and the mixture of sand; The natural oil staple is C 6-C 60The hydrocarbon of forming belongs to by gasoline kerosene, diesel oil, wax oil, the organic mixture that heavy oil and pitch etc. is formed.
Facts have proved, in inventor CN1556173 equipment, contained a large amount of lighter hydrocarbons (C in the crude oil 6-C 24) become micromolecular C as in gasoline kerosene and the diesel component rotatable reaction kettle at high temperature by thermolysis 1-C 5And H 2Incoagulability gas; Particularly the lighter hydrocarbons in the crude oil are with after elevated temperature heat carrier (or high temperature sand) directly contacts in reaction kettle; The thermolysis destructiveness of lighter hydrocarbons is more violent, causes the per-cent of inflammable gas to increase, and the extraction yield of hydrocarbon ils (like gasoline, diesel) reduces greatly; In CN1556173 equipment, the pyrolysated of only considering heavy hydrocarbon component in the crude oil or high boiling hydrocarbon is high temperature effectively, has ignored the thermolysis and the heat collapse effect that are taken place under the high temperature of lighter hydrocarbons in same pyrolysis plant; This is a defective of CN1556173 equipment; In CN1556173 equipment; Because raw material is limited thermo-cracking in the rotation HTFX; Temperature does not reach the heavy hydrocarbon needed high temperature of thermo-cracking up hill and dale fully; So, also contain a certain amount of heavy hydrocarbon in the surplus materials after the thermal treatment not by cracking be decomposed, also must further be transported to and burn in the incinerator to cinder; Caused heavy hydrocarbon to be burnt, reduced the oil yield of product hydrocarbon ils (like gasoline, diesel), technical process is complicated; This is another defective of CN1556173 equipment.
About the existing a lot of report of the equipment of the fuel oil in the extraction oil-containing sandy soil, such as, contriver Martin B.Hooking has reported and has adopted vertical tower, and hot water is packed in the tower, adopts hot water in the pump recycle column to remove the collection hydrocarbon ils in the sand (Oil-Sands) that deoils; The content of oil is about 20% (W%) in the oily husky ore bed in Canadian Calgary city; In the past, oil separating was to adopt high-temperature water vapor is fed in the NaOH solution in the vertical tower in the sand, removed to extract hydrocarbon ils with hot buck; Now, employing be that organic surface active agent extracts hydrocarbon ils as extraction agent, but also have the oil about 3% (W%) not to be extracted, but continue to remain in the sandy soil, exist serious resources loss and waste; And the processing up to standard of the need continuous purification of the great amount of wastewater behind the separation hydrocarbon ils, adopt this equipment to have the high shortcoming of processing cost.
In the publication number CN1074447C that the applicant has authorized, disclose " with plastic waste with or heavy oil produce the method and apparatus of gasoline, diesel ". adopt the pyrolytic process of fluidized bed plant; Plastic waste is by PE, PP, and PS ... Etc. the mixture that multiple plastics are formed, some plastics (like PE) just ability pyrolysis or depolymerization under lower temperature arranged, and other plastics (like PP) need thoroughly thermolysis effectively under the higher temperature; Likewise, the used oil of collecting from Auto repair shop also belongs to the mixing liquid of being made up of little lighter hydrocarbons of molecule and the big heavy hydrocarbon of molecule (or heavy oil); In the thermal cracking processes of CN1074447C method,, caused a large amount of light hydrocarbon components under relative higher temperature, to resolve into C though the high temperature in the reaction kettle can make heavy hydrocarbon pyrolysis or the decomposition up hill and dale in the raw material 1-C 5And H 2The bad result of incoagulability gas causes product hydrocarbon ils (or gasoline, diesel) extraction yield to reduce greatly; This is exactly the weak point of CN1074447C equipment.
At the applicant CN2187174, CN2223297Y, CN2341990Y; CN23971116Y, and the EP0863197 of the applicant's mandate, USP5; 744,668 specially permit in No. 3043429 with JP, all are to adopt same pyrolysis plant and same service temperature to reduce phlegm and internal heat to separate the organic polymer material that contains lighter hydrocarbons and heavy hydrocarbon (like plastic waste; Waste rubber, mixture on the sieve of crude oil and domestic refuse); Though the coldcondition that above-mentioned disclosed equipment all exists in the single pyrolysis plant can make light hydrocarbon material cracking effectively down, vaporization and collection can not make heavy hydrocarbon molecules that thermolysis up hill and dale effectively takes place; Though and single pyrolysis plant in hot conditions under can make heavy hydrocarbon molecules thermolysis and collection up hill and dale, high temperature can cause the lighter hydrocarbons molecule in the raw material after receiving high temperature, to be prone to be thermally cracked to micromolecular C 1-C 5And H 2Incoagulability gas, the result is that the yield of product hydrocarbon ils (gasoline, diesel) reduces greatly; Above phenomenon be exactly existing disclosed about organic waste (like plastic waste, waste rubber, used oil, residual oil and oil husky (Oil-Sands) or the like) pyrolysis produce the common fault and the weakness of hydrocarbon ils (like gasoline and diesel oil) required equipment.
The purpose of the utility model is exactly the shortcoming that will overcome aforesaid device, a kind of production serialization that has is provided, the equipment noncoking; Micromolecular lighter hydrocarbons are not by heat collapse or not by thermo-cracking; And high boiling heavy hydrocarbon component can thoroughly be cracked into light hydrocarbon product (like gasoline, diesel), and the hydrocarbon ils recovery is high, and device structure is simple; Easy to maintenance, processing cost low from containing husky greasy filth or/and extract the equipment of gasoline, diesel the organic waste.
Summary of the invention
A kind of from containing husky greasy filth or/and extract the equipment of fuel oil the organic waste, it is characterized in that: this equipment is mainly by first step low-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (14), second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (15) and fuel oil collection device three parts composition;
Described first step low-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (14) forms by following structure configuration: cylindrical housings (32), and housing (32) is fixed on the top of second stage thermal treatment reactor drum (15); Housing (32) can be hollow microscler steel pipe, also can be the microscler cell body or the cylindrical housings of circle top down; One end top of housing (32) is material inlet (33), and the discharge port (35) of this import (33) and charger (8) links; The bottom of housing (32) the other end is the relief outlet (34) of reaction mass, and this relief outlet (34) joins with the top of closed tube (16); The top, stage casing of housing (32) disposes the relief outlet (4) of gas phase thing, thermowell (47) and pressure warning unit jack (48); Dispose rotatable spiral propeller (13) in the cylindrical housings (32), adopt conventional sealing method to assemble and encapsulation process between two end axles of spiral propeller (13) and the housing (32), in case the leaking of gas; Drive its rotation with buncher (2); Cylindrical housings (32) outside is the heating chamber (7) that is surrounded by the heat insulating wall, and the two ends of heating chamber (7) are respectively to the import (10) of the stack gas of housing (32) heat supply and outlet (6);
Described second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (15) forms by following structure configuration: cylindrical housings (37), and housing (37) fixes on the ground; Housing (37) can be hollow elongate housing, also can be the microscler cell body or the cylindrical housings of circle top down; One end top of housing (37) is material inlet (36), and the bottom of this import (36) and closed tube (16) joins; The bottom of housing (37) the other end is the relief outlet (12) of reaction residual, and this relief outlet (12) links with the spiral slag off apparatus (38) that has sealing function; The top, stage casing of housing (37) disposes the relief outlet (5) of gas phase thing, thermowell (47) and pressure warning unit jack (48); Dispose rotatable spiral propeller (40) in the cylindrical housings (37), adopt conventional sealing method to assemble and encapsulation process between two end axles of spiral propeller (40) and the housing (37), in case the leaking of gas; Drive spiral propeller (13) rotation with buncher (41); Cylindrical housings (37) outside is the heating chamber (39) that is surrounded by the heat insulating wall, the two ends of heating chamber (39) be respectively to housing (37) heat supply from the import (43) of the high-temperature flue gas of roasting kiln (1) with export (9);
Described fuel oil collection device comprises: condensing surface (17,20,25), fuel oil holding tank (19); Gasoline water-and-oil separator (21), separation column (22), diesel oil stripping tower (23); Water-sealed tank (24), diesel oil holding tank (27), fixed-bed catalytic jar (28) and elevated temperature heat oil pump (29).
Further specify the utility model below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structure iron
Fig. 2 is the charger in the utility model, first step low-temperature heat treatment reactor drum, second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum, the configuration schematic diagram of roasting kiln.
In Fig. 1 and Fig. 2,1-roasting kiln, the suitable or reverse buncher of 2-, the buncher of 3-charger; The outlet of 4-low temperature gas phase thing, the outlet of 5-high temperature gas phase thing, the outlet of 6-low-temperature flue gas, the heating chamber that 7-is surrounded by heat preserving and insulating material; Reciprocating type or the screw rod charger of 8-, warm exhanst gas outlet among the 9-, warm gas approach among the 10-, 11-loading hopper; The outlet of hot sand of 12-or pyrolysis residue, 13-spiral propeller, 14-first step low-temperature heat treatment reactor drum, 15-second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum; The adapting pipe of the material stream passed between the 16-first step and the second stage reactor drum, 17-fuel oil condensing surface, 18-fuel oil (C 6-C 24), 19-fuel oil holding tank, 20-gasoline condenser, 21-gasoline water-and-oil separator; The 22-separation column, 23-stripping tower, 24-water-sealed tank (or pressurizer), 25-diesel oil condensing surface; 26-gasoline, 27-diesel oil holding tank, 28-fixed bed catalytic reactor; 29-elevated temperature heat oil pump, the import of 30-heavy oil, 31-diesel oil; The housing of 32-first step thermal treatment reactor drum, 33-opening for feed, the relief outlet of 34-reaction mass; 35-discharge port (35), 36-material inlet, the housing of 37-second stage thermal treatment reactor drum; 38-has the spiral slag off apparatus of sealing function, the heating chamber that 39-is surrounded by heat preserving and insulating material, 40-spiral propeller; Suitable or the reverse buncher of 41-, the suitable or reverse buncher of 42-, the import of 43-stack gas; The 44-valve, 45-valve, 46-valve; The 47-tensimeter, the 48-TM; The 49-tensimeter, the 50-TM;
In above-mentioned fuel oil collection device, condensing surface (17) can accept to come from the gas-phase product that first step low-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (14) is discharged; Become liquid hydrocarbon ils (18) after making its condensation, there is fuel reservoir in savings, and (in 19, (19 top is communicated with water-sealed tank (24) to fuel reservoir; The relief outlet (5) of the gas-phase product that second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (15) is discharged has two whereabouts, can select according to the demand of quality product; Article one, whereabouts is through valve (44) and condensing surface (17), becomes liquid fuel (18) after the gas-phase product condensation with second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (14) discharge, and savings exist fuel reservoir (in 19; Another whereabouts is to carry out fractionation through the through separation column (22) of valve (45); Distillate the gaseous substance that comes from the top portion of separation column (22) and be condensed into liquid back through condensing surface (20) and get into the gasoline water-and-oil separator (21), the gasoline (26) that water-and-oil separator (21) is collected pumps in the large-scale gasoline storage tank after through conventional purification and allocation processing subsequent use; The middle part of separation column (22) connects stripping tower (28); The diesel component that comes out from the middle part fractionation of separation column (22) gets into condensing surface (25) after through stripping tower (23) VT and carries out condensation; And get in the diesel oil holding tank (27), pump in the large-sized diesel storage tank subsequent use after purification that diesel oil (31) process in the holding tank (27) is conventional and the allocation processing; Used chamber's warm air or room temperature water are given condensing surface (17,20,25) cooling heat exchange, and the warm air after the heat exchange gets into roasting kiln (1); Can not be by agglomerative gas (H 2, C 1-C 4) discharge from water-and-oil separator (21), behind water-sealed tank (24), be incorporated in the roasting kiln (1) and burn, produce high-temperature flue gas, reclaim heat;
Particularly, the equipment of the utility model comprises: loading hopper (11), charger (8), first step low-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (14), second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (15); Roasting kiln (1), condensing surface (17,20,25); Fuel oil holding tank (19), gasoline water-and-oil separator (21), separation column (22), stripping tower (23); Water-sealed tank (24), diesel oil holding tank (27), fixed-bed catalytic jar (28), the elevated temperature heat oil pump (29 with spiral slag off apparatus (38); Before the charging, described raw material through pulverizing or not pulverizing, required the size of raw material to be not more than 5 centimetres before entering first step low-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (14); The gas-phase product that in the charging process, should as far as possible avoid producing in the thermal treatment reactor drum (14 and 15) leaks.
Described raw material is: contain husky greasy filth or/or organic waste; Wherein, containing husky greasy filth also comprises: the oil-containing sandy soil; Organic waste comprises: plastic waste, waste rubber, animal-plant oil, soap stock, used oil, heavy oil, mud, the organic waste in straw and the domestic refuse.
Can in roasting kiln (1), burn for the thermal source of the first step and secondary thermal treatment reactor drum (14,15) heat supply by fuel oil, combustion gas, coal, electric energy or other organic combustiblematerials, burn the high-temperature flue gas that produces and supply with; Said fuel oil and combustion gas can be to obtain the gaseous product that after raw material thermal treatment, produces; Also can be with the heating chamber (7 of thermal treatment reactor drum (14,15); 39) thermal barrier that adds high-temperature behaviors such as thermal oil or composite fused salt in; Pass through conventional method (like calrod, nichrome wire, electric heating coil with electric energy ... Or the like) heat to thermal barrier; And make thermal barrier be heated to 200-600 ℃, give reactor drum (14,15) heating with the thermal barrier in the heating chamber (7,39); Preferably type of heating is: the high-temperature flue gas elder generation that roasting kiln produces introduces the heating chamber (39) in the second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (15), gives reactor drum (14) heating in the heating chamber (7) with the low-temperature flue gas introducing first step low-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (14) of discharging after high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (15) heat absorption again; That is, the flow direction of the travel direction of raw material and flue gas be drive in the wrong direction with relative; Or raw material at first carries out the low-temperature heat treatment of low-temperature flue gas, carries out the high-temperature heat treatment of high-temperature flue gas before the device for transferring.
In the utility model, the high-temperature flue gas that can adopt conventional roasting kiln (1) to produce is given thermal treatment reactor drum (14,15) heat supply; For example horizontal fixing or sliding grate process furnace, vertical fixed fire grate process furnace, boiling type process furnace, horizontal rotary funace or the like; Spiral propeller (13,40) in the thermal treatment reactor drum (14,15) stirs the coking and the caking that can stop material on thermal treatment reactor drum (14, the 15) inwall continuously, to improve rate of heat transfer and hot benefit; Can adopt the clockwise of stepless speed-change motor (2,41) or reverse drive spiral propeller (13,40) rotation, so that the control raw material is shifted to the speed of the other end, the heat treatment degree of time and material from an end in thermal treatment reactor drum (14,15);
The described thermal treatment reactor drum of the utility model (14,15) also can adopt on the market and carry out the thermal treatment of material with conventional horizontal rotating cylinder shaped reaction still, promptly carries out the first step low-temperature heat treatment and/or the second stage high-temperature heat treatment of material; In the utility model, closed tube must be full of material in (16), to prevent and to isolate ganging up each other of gaseous substance in first step low-heat treatment reactor (14) and the high thermal treatment reactor drum in the second stage (15);
Embodiment
In conjunction with attaching Fig. 1 and 2, the utility model is further explained.
Described raw material is not more than 5 centimetres and is added in the charging box (11) through not pulverizing or be crushed to size, and be sent to continuously in the first step low-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (14) of sealing with reciprocating type or spiral charger (8); Driving the inner spiral propeller (13) of reactor drum (14) with motor (2) rotates; Hot flue gases is incorporated into the outer field heating chamber of reactor drum (14) (7) gives reactor drum (14) heating; In first step low-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (14), raw material is heated, and its temperature constantly raises, and makes it be normal pressure or be higher than normal pressure at working pressure, 200-300 ℃, keeps under 0.1-0.7 hour the condition the organic hydrocarbon (C of the lower boiling in the greasy filth 6-C 24) constantly be transformed into gas phase because of being heated; This gas-phase product is constantly discharged reactor drum (14) through relief outlet (4); Press traditional method (or through condensing surface (17); Fuel oil holding tank (19) and water-sealed tank (24) envelope pressure process) with gas-phase product through condensation process and collect the liquid phase fuel oil (18) that condensation is got off, agglomerative gas (C not 1-C 4, and H 2) introduce water-sealed tank (24) envelope and press, get into again in the process furnace (1) and burn, produce the high-temperature flue gas that produces with burning and give reactor drum (14) heat supply; In the heat treatment process of raw material; Spiral propeller (13) in the first step thermal treatment reactor drum (14) is among the continuous rotation always; Receive the continuous rotation of spiral propeller (13), raw material is constantly stirred in thermal treatment reactor drum (14) and is rolled, and shifts to the discharge port (34) of the other end continuously from opening for feed (33) one ends of reactor drum (14); Then, be drained into the opening for feed (36) of second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (15) through closed tube (16); In remaining solid materials after the first step low-temperature heat treatment reactor for treatment, also contain a large amount of high molecular heavy still bottoms and/organic substance (C 25H 52-C 40H 82), the second stage thermal treatment that must adopt higher temperature is or/and catalytic treatment makes it be converted into low molecular lighter hydrocarbons fuel oil (like gasoline and diesel oil); Get into the material of second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (15); Receive the rotation and the pushing effect of the inner spiral propeller (13) of reactor drum (15); Shift to the discharge opening (12) of the other end continuously from the opening for feed (36) of reactor drum (15) one ends; Through having the spiral slag off apparatus (38) of sealing function, discharge reactor drum (15) then; The high-temperature flue gas (700-1200 ℃) that roasting kiln (1) is produced is incorporated into the outer field heating chamber of reactor drum (15) (39) to reactor drum (15) heating through the import (43) of high-temperature flue gas; In second stage thermal treatment reactor drum (15), contain BO (C 25H 52-C 40H 82) material be heated, its temperature constantly raises, and makes it be normal pressure or be higher than normal pressure at working pressure, 300-600 ℃, keeps under 0.1-0.7 hour the condition heavy hydrocarbon (C in the material 25-C 40) because of being heated constantly by cracking and decomposition, being transformed into micromolecular lighter hydrocarbons is the gaseous substance (H of staple 2, C 1-C 40); This gas-phase product is constantly discharged reactor drum (15); Gaseous substance by known method is further collected and processing second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (15) is discharged obtains the product fuel oil at last; For example, the gaseous substance that thermal treatment reactor drum (15) is discharged is through condensing surface (17,20,25), and water-and-oil separator (21) purifies and allotment, obtains the product hydrocarbon ils at last; Or the gaseous substance that second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (15) is discharged is through fixed bed catalytic reactor (28), separation column (22) fractionation, and condensing surface (20,25), water-and-oil separator (21) purifies and allotment, obtains product gasoline (26) and diesel oil (31) at last; To not agglomerative gas (C 1-C 4, and H 2) behind water-sealed tank (24), introduce in the roasting kiln (1) and burn, produce the high-temperature flue gas (700-1200 ℃) that produces with burning and give reactor drum (14 and 15) heat supply; The a spot of high boiling point heavy oil (C in separation column (22) bottom 25-C 40) constantly turn back in the second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (15) through opening for feed (30) circularly and carry out cracking circularly; Employed catalyzer in the above-mentioned fixed bed catalytic reactor (28) can adopt known catalyst for cracking, for example, and ZSM-5, HZSM-5 or DL type catalyst for cracking;
Below through specific embodiment the utility model is described in more detail, but be not limited.
Embodiment 1 contains husky greasy filth
In conjunction with attaching Fig. 1 and 2; 1000KG is contained husky greasy filth raw material to be handled through crusher; Cake mass in the greasy filth is crushed to size is not more than 5 centimetres and is added in the charging box (11), and in 50 minutes, be sent to continuously in the first step low-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (14) of sealing with reciprocating type (8) input speed by 60KG/ minute; Driving the inner spiral propeller (13) of reactor drum (14) with motor (2) rotates; The 420-620 ℃ of high-temperature flue gas that second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (15) is discharged is incorporated into the outer field heating chamber of reactor drum (14) (7) to reactor drum (14) heating; In first step low-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (14); Raw material is heated; Its temperature constantly raises, and makes the middle tensimeter (47) of reactor drum (14) be controlled at 0.05-0.08MPa, and the temperature of thermometer (48) is controlled at 200-300 ℃; The thermal treatment that keeps 0.15-0.18 hour, the organic hydrocarbon (C of the lower boiling in the raw material 6-C 24) constantly being transformed into gas phase because of being heated, this gas-phase product is constantly discharged reactor drum (14) through venting port (4), and by traditional technology, through condensing surface (17), fuel oil holding tank (19) and water-sealed tank (24) obtain liquid phase fuel oil (18) at last; To not agglomerative gas (C 1-C 4, and H 2) introduce water-sealed tank (24) envelope pressure, get into again in the process furnace (1) and burn, give reactor drum (14) heat supply with the high-temperature flue gas that burning produces; In the heat treatment process of raw material; Spiral propeller (13) in the first step thermal treatment reactor drum (14) is among the continuous rotation always; Receive the continuous rotation of spiral propeller (13), raw material is constantly stirred in thermal treatment reactor drum (14) and is rolled, and shifts to the discharge port (34) of the other end continuously from opening for feed (33) one ends of reactor drum (14); Then, be drained into the opening for feed (36) of second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (15) through closed tube (16); In remaining solid materials after the first step low-temperature heat treatment reactor for treatment, also contain a large amount of high molecular heavy still bottoms and/organic substance (C 25H 52-C 40H 82), the second stage high-temperature heat treatment that must adopt higher temperature is or/and catalytic treatment makes it be converted into low molecular lighter hydrocarbons (like gasoline and diesel oil); Get into the material of second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (15); Receive the rotation and the pushing effect of the inner spiral propeller (13) of reactor drum (15); Shift to the discharge opening (12) of the other end continuously from the opening for feed (36) of reactor drum (15) one ends, discharge reactor drum (15) through the spiral slag off apparatus (38) that has sealing function then; The high-temperature flue gas (780-92 ℃) that roasting kiln (1) is produced is incorporated into the outer field heating chamber of reactor drum (15) (39) to reactor drum (15) heating through the import (43) of high-temperature flue gas; At second stage thermal treatment reactor drum 15) in, BO (C contained 25H 52-C 40H 82) material be heated, its temperature constantly raises, and makes it be controlled at 0.05-0.08MPa at working pressure table (49), the temperature of thermometer (50) is controlled at 320-430 ℃, keeps under 0.1-0.7 hour the condition heavy hydrocarbon (C in the material 25-C 40) because of being heated constantly by cracking and decomposition, being transformed into micromolecular lighter hydrocarbons is the gaseous substance (H of staple 2, C 1-C 40); This gas-phase product is constantly discharged reactor drum (15) through venting port (5); By known method; The gaseous substance that second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (15) is discharged is introduced the fixed bed catalytic reactor (28) that is mounted with the ZSM-5 catalyzer, separation column (22) fractionation, condensing surface (20; 25); Water-and-oil separator (21) purifies and allotment, obtains product gasoline (26) and diesel oil (31) at last; To not agglomerative gas (C 1-C 4, and H 2) behind water-sealed tank (24), introduce in the roasting kiln (1) and burn, produce the high-temperature flue gas (780-920 ℃) that produces with burning and give reactor drum (15) heat supply; The a spot of high boiling point heavy oil (C in separation column (22) bottom 25-C 40) constantly turn back to circularly in the second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (15) and carry out cracking circularly;
(thermal treatment reaction) obtains following result through above-mentioned production process:
Contain husky greasy filth: 1000KG;
Contain husky greasy filth composition (W%): volatilizable thing 61.9%, solid kind 38.1%;
Oil husky ultimate analysis (W%): H 8.1%, and O 26.6%, and C 27.2%, inorganics and sandy soil 38.1%;
Working temperature in the first step thermal treatment reactor drum (14): 200-300 ℃;
Raw material in first step reactor drum (14) residence time: 0.15-0.18 hour;
WP in the first step thermal treatment reactor drum (14): 0.05-0.08MPa;
Get into the flue-gas temperature in the first step reactor drum (14): 420-620 ℃
Working temperature in the second stage thermal treatment reactor drum (15): 320-430 ℃;
Raw material in second stage reactor drum (15) residence time: 0.2-0.3 hour;
WP in the first step thermal treatment reactor drum (15): 0.05-0.08MPa;
Flue-gas temperature that roasting kiln produces or entering second stage high temperature
Flue-gas temperature: 780-920 ℃ of thermal treatment reactor drum (15)
Reaction product (W%):
Fuel oil (gasoline and diesel oil) 247KG 24.7%;
Wherein, gasoline (C 5H 12-C 12H 24) 110KG 11%
Octane value is 93.5 (RON)
Be 480 (Min) inductive phase
Density is 0.725 (g/cm 3, ℃)
End point of fraction (℃) be 201;
Gasoline component (W%): alkane is 46.7%, and naphthenic hydrocarbon is 9.6%, and alkene is 21.2%, and aromatic hydrocarbon is 9.5%, and other is 13%.
Diesel oil (C 12H 24-C 20H 42) 137KG 13.7%;
Cetane value is 49
Density is 0.83 (g/cm 3, 25 ℃)
Flash-point (remaining silent) is 67 ℃
Cold filter clogging temperature is-24 ℃
Kinematic viscosity (20 ℃ of mm 2/ s) be 3.82,
Boiling range (95%, ℃): 320;
Combustion heat value (KJ/g): 44;
Diesel oil component (W%): alkane is 33.9%, and naphthenic hydrocarbon is 10.8%, and alkene is 33%, aromatic hydrocarbons 10.3%, and other is 12%;
Noncondensing inflammable gas (H 2And C 1-C 5) 72KG 7.2%;
Inorganics and husky mud (Sands) 381KG 38.1%;
Moisture 300KG 30%;
Embodiment 2 plastic waste
In conjunction with attaching Fig. 1 and 2, adopt equipment and the operative technique identical with embodiment 1, plastic waste is carried out thermo-cracking and catalytic pyrolysis, obtain following result:
Plastic waste: 1000KG, wherein, PE is 750KG (25%), PP is that 1500KG (50%) and PS are 750KG (25%);
Working temperature in the first step thermal treatment reactor drum (14): 240-280 ℃;
Raw material in first step reactor drum (14) residence time: 0.25-0.28 hour;
WP in the first step thermal treatment reactor drum (14): 0.02-0.09MPa;
Get into the flue-gas temperature in the first step reactor drum (14): 450-580 ℃
Working temperature in the second stage thermal treatment reactor drum (15): 350-430 ℃;
Raw material in second stage reactor drum (15) residence time: 0.2-0.25 hour;
WP in the first step thermal treatment reactor drum (15): 0.05-0.08MPa;
Flue-gas temperature that roasting kiln produces or entering second stage heat
The flue-gas temperature of treatment reactor (15): 780-920 ℃
Reaction product (W%):
Fuel oil (gasoline and diesel oil) 750KG 75%;
Wherein:
Gasoline (C 5H 12-C 12H 24) 320KG 32%
Octane value is 95.1 (RON)
Be 481 (Min) inductive phase
Density is 0.71 (g/cm 3, ℃)
End point of fraction (℃) be 204;
Gasoline component (W%): alkane is 42.7%, and naphthenic hydrocarbon is 10.2%, and alkene is 32.2%, and aromatic hydrocarbon is 5.5%, and other is 9.4%.
Diesel oil (C 12H 24-C 20H 42) 430KG 43%;
Cetane value is 48
Density is 0.81 (g/cm 3, 25 ℃)
Flash-point (remaining silent) is 67 ℃
Cold filter clogging temperature is-20 ℃, boiling range (95%, ℃): 301;
Diesel oil component (W%): alkane is 38.5%, and naphthenic hydrocarbon is 6.9%, and alkene is 42%, aromatic hydrocarbons 8.4%, and other is 4.2%;
Noncondensing inflammable gas (H 2And C 1-C 5) 81KG 8.1%;
Solid residue 117KG 11.7%;
Moisture 52KG 5.2%.
Embodiment 3 domestic refuses
In conjunction with attaching Fig. 1 and 2, adopt equipment and the operative technique identical with embodiment 1, to carrying out domestic refuse thermo-cracking and catalytic pyrolysis, obtain following result:
Above-mentioned reaction parameter is following:
Domestic refuse: 1000KG
Rubbish composition: volatile matter 76%, fixed carbon 13.8%, ash 10.2%;
Ultimate analysis: H 5.8%, O 22.3%, and C 53.34%, and S 0.56%, and N 7.8%, ash 10.2%;
Working temperature in the first step thermal treatment reactor drum (14): 220-300 ℃;
Raw material in first step reactor drum (14) residence time: 0.2-0.24 hour;
WP in the first step thermal treatment reactor drum (14): 0.02-0.08MPa;
Get into the flue-gas temperature in the first step reactor drum (14): 420-500 ℃
Working temperature in the second stage thermal treatment reactor drum (15): 300-480 ℃;
Raw material in second stage reactor drum (15) residence time: 0.3-0.35 hour;
WP in the first step thermal treatment reactor drum (15): 0.02-0.09MPa;
Flue-gas temperature that roasting kiln produces or entering second stage heat
The flue-gas temperature of treatment reactor (15): 700-900 ℃
Reaction product (W%):
Catalyzer: ZSM-5 type;
Fuel oil (C 5H 12-C 50H 102): 42KG or 4.2% (w%);
(w% mainly is hydro carbons and CO to gas: 386KG or 38.6% 2Gas);
Moisture content: 390KG or 39% (W%);
Solid residue: 182KG or 18.2% (W%).

Claims (1)

  1. One kind from containing husky greasy filth or/and extract the equipment of fuel oil the organic waste, it is characterized in that: this equipment is mainly by first step low-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (14), second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (15) and fuel oil collection device three parts composition;
    Described first step low-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (14) forms by following structure configuration: cylindrical housings (32), and housing (32) is fixed on the top of second stage thermal treatment reactor drum (15); Housing (32) can be hollow microscler steel pipe, also can be the microscler cell body or the cylindrical housings of circle top down; One end top of housing (32) is material inlet (33), and the discharge port (35) of this import (33) and charger (8) links; The bottom of housing (32) the other end is the relief outlet (34) of reaction mass, and this relief outlet (34) joins with the top of closed tube (16); The top, stage casing of housing (32) disposes the relief outlet (4) of gas phase thing, thermowell (47) and pressure warning unit jack (48); Dispose rotatable spiral propeller (13) in the cylindrical housings (32), adopt conventional sealing method to assemble and encapsulation process between two end axles of spiral propeller (13) and the housing (32), in case the leaking of gas; Drive its rotation with buncher (2); Cylindrical housings (32) outside is the heating chamber (7) that is surrounded by the heat insulating wall, and the two ends of heating chamber (7) are respectively to the import (10) of the stack gas of housing (32) heat supply and outlet (6);
    Described second stage high-temperature heat treatment reactor drum (15) forms by following structure configuration: cylindrical housings (37), and housing (37) fixes on the ground; Housing (37) can be hollow elongate housing, also can be the microscler cell body or the cylindrical housings of circle top down; One end top of housing (37) is material inlet (36), and the bottom of this import (36) and closed tube (16) joins; The bottom of housing (37) the other end is the relief outlet (12) of reaction residual, and this relief outlet (12) links with the spiral slag off apparatus (38) that has sealing function; The top, stage casing of housing (37) disposes the relief outlet (5) of gas phase thing, thermowell (47) and pressure warning unit jack (48); Dispose rotatable spiral propeller (40) in the cylindrical housings (37), adopt conventional sealing method to assemble and encapsulation process between two end axles of spiral propeller (40) and the housing (37), in case the leaking of gas; Drive spiral propeller (13) rotation with buncher (41); Cylindrical housings (37) outside is the heating chamber (39) that is surrounded by the heat insulating wall, the two ends of heating chamber (39) be respectively to housing (37) heat supply from the import (43) of the high-temperature flue gas of roasting kiln (1) with export (9);
    Described fuel oil collection device comprises: condensing surface (17,20,25), fuel oil holding tank (19); Gasoline water-and-oil separator (21), separation column (22), diesel oil stripping tower (23); Water-sealed tank (24), diesel oil holding tank (27), fixed-bed catalytic jar (28) and elevated temperature heat oil pump (29).
CN2011203501795U 2011-09-19 2011-09-19 Equipment for extracting oil fuel from sandy oil sludge or/and organic waste Expired - Fee Related CN202576344U (en)

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CN103468295A (en) * 2013-08-28 2013-12-25 宁波榕大环保装备有限公司 Reaction kettle reaction device
WO2014094408A1 (en) * 2012-12-17 2014-06-26 高能集团控股有限公司 Method and apparatus for refining oil from tire
CN104420860A (en) * 2013-08-19 2015-03-18 国润金华(北京)国际能源投资有限公司 Oil-sand separator
CN105293858A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-03 周孝芳 Upright town sludge spiral propelling pyrolysis treatment disposing device
CN105330117A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-17 李波 Horizontal type town sludge spiral type propelling pyrolysis treatment disposal equipment
CN106433733A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-02-22 华南理工大学 Device and method for producing liquid fuel through straw-waste plastic pyrolysis

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014094408A1 (en) * 2012-12-17 2014-06-26 高能集团控股有限公司 Method and apparatus for refining oil from tire
KR101809941B1 (en) 2012-12-17 2017-12-18 글로벌 벨로시티 홀딩 리미티드 Method and apparatus for refining oil from tire
US10184083B2 (en) 2012-12-17 2019-01-22 Global Velocity Holding Limited Method and apparatus for refining oil from tire
CN104420860A (en) * 2013-08-19 2015-03-18 国润金华(北京)国际能源投资有限公司 Oil-sand separator
CN103468295A (en) * 2013-08-28 2013-12-25 宁波榕大环保装备有限公司 Reaction kettle reaction device
CN103468295B (en) * 2013-08-28 2016-03-02 宁波汇能环保科技有限公司 Reactor reaction unit
CN105293858A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-03 周孝芳 Upright town sludge spiral propelling pyrolysis treatment disposing device
CN105330117A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-17 李波 Horizontal type town sludge spiral type propelling pyrolysis treatment disposal equipment
CN106433733A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-02-22 华南理工大学 Device and method for producing liquid fuel through straw-waste plastic pyrolysis

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