CN202551639U - Pneumatic recycling machine for field mulch residue - Google Patents

Pneumatic recycling machine for field mulch residue Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202551639U
CN202551639U CN2012202315464U CN201220231546U CN202551639U CN 202551639 U CN202551639 U CN 202551639U CN 2012202315464 U CN2012202315464 U CN 2012202315464U CN 201220231546 U CN201220231546 U CN 201220231546U CN 202551639 U CN202551639 U CN 202551639U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
film
belt pulley
roller
mulch
suspension frame
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012202315464U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
荐世春
Original Assignee
山东省农业机械科学研究所
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 山东省农业机械科学研究所 filed Critical 山东省农业机械科学研究所
Priority to CN2012202315464U priority Critical patent/CN202551639U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202551639U publication Critical patent/CN202551639U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a pneumatic recycling machine for field mulch residue. The pneumatic recycling machine for field mulch residue comprises a tractor and a suspension frame. A power output shaft of the tractor is connected with a power input shaft of a gearbox. A power output shaft of the gearbox is provided with a pulley. A fan, a mulch collection box, land wheels, a picking roller and a lifting cutter roller are arranged on the suspension frame. A first pulley is arranged on a fan impeller shaft of the fan. The picking roller is connected with the suspension frame through a picking roller shaft. A second pulley is arranged on the picking roller. The lifting cutter roller is connected with the suspension frame through a lifting cutter roller shaft. A third pulley is arranged on the lifting roller cutter shaft. The pulley is respectively connected with the first pulley, the second pulley and the third pulley through a belt. The picking roller is arranged behind the lifting cutter roller. An air inlet of the fan is arranged behind the picking roller. The land wheels are arranged behind the picking roller. The mulch collection box is arranged behind the fan. An air outlet of the fan is arranged inside the mulch collection box. The pneumatic recycling machine for field mulch residue is capable of effectively recycling mulch fragments in the soil, and mulch collecting rate and production efficiency are improved greatly.

Description

The residual machine for recycling mulch film in pneumatic type farmland
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural mechanical field, is a kind of by tractor suspension and utilize tractor motive power output shaft to drive the skinning rotor, pick up the film roller and blower fan adopts strength to reclaim the residual machine for recycling mulch film in pneumatic type farmland of residual film operation.
Background technology
Film-mulching technique is promoted gradually, and the application of mulching planting technique to drought resisting, soil moisture conservation, raising ground temperature, guarantees that agricultural produce has played important function.But because the mulch film in the farmland does not in time reclaim fully, the mulch film quantity that remains in the soil increases year by year; This has not only caused white pollution, has destroyed natural environment, and has more destroyed the agricultural land soil structure; Have a strong impact on the growth of crops, influenced sustainable development of agriculture.At present, the residual mulch film in farmland reclaims and has manual work to pick up with machinery to reclaim dual mode: manual work picks up that operation labor intensity is big, efficient is low, cost is high; Though and the machinery recovery has overcome the artificial shortcoming of picking up, because existing agricultural mulching is extremely thin, thickness has only about 0.006mm; Tensile strength is low; Very easily broken, and the workpiece pattern of existing machine for recycling mulch film tool mainly contains the tooth-like collecting reel of expansion link, elastic claw type and picks up membrane element, shovel and play stubble and receive that a membrane element, gear tooth-type are received membrane element, toothed-chain type is received membrane element etc., these receive membrane elements can only reclaim large stretch of mulch film; But all can not reclaim the mulch film fragment effectively; Therefore exist the low defective of net harvesting rate, make the mulch film fragment remain in the soil, had a strong impact on the growth of crops root systems.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is exactly can only reclaim large stretch of mulch film, can not reclaim the mulch film fragment effectively for what solve that prior art exists, and net harvesting rate is low, and the mulch film fragment remains in the soil, influence the problem of the growth of crops root system; Provide a kind of pneumatic type farmland residual machine for recycling mulch film; The mulch film fragment in the soil be can reclaim effectively, mulch film net harvesting rate and production efficiency improved greatly.
To achieve these goals, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
The residual machine for recycling mulch film in pneumatic type farmland comprises tractor, suspension frame, and the suspension frame links to each other with the tractor three-point hitch; The power take-off of tractor links to each other with the power input shaft of gearbox through universal joint transmission shaft assembly, and the power take-off of gearbox is provided with belt pulley, hangs that frame is provided with blower fan, film-collecting box, land wheel, picks up the film roller, the skinning rotor; The draught fan impeller axle of blower fan is provided with belt pulley one, picks up the film roller and is connected with the suspension frame through picking up the film roll shaft, picks up the film roller and is provided with belt pulley two; The skinning rotor is connected with the suspension frame through the skinning tool roller axis; The skinning rotor is provided with belt pulley three, and belt pulley is connected with belt pulley one, belt pulley two, belt pulley three through belt respectively, describedly picks up the rear that the film roller is located at the skinning rotor; The air inlet of blower fan is located at the rear of ten film rollers; Land wheel is picking up film roller rear, and film-collecting box is at the rear of blower fan, and the air outlet of blower fan is located in the film-collecting box.
The skinning blade of described skinning rotor is a circular arc.The rotation of skinning rotor can be dug out the mulch film in the soil, throws on the ground surface, is convenient to pick up the film roller and picks up.Circular arc skinning blade cutting resistance is little, can the mulch film on the face of land effectively be cut into sheet, is convenient to pick up the film roller and picks up, and helps blower fan and sucks up.
Be evenly distributed with lance tooth on the described roll circumference of picking up the film roller.Pick up the film roller and adopt the bionics principle design, on the roll circumference of picking up the film roller, be evenly distributed with lance tooth, similar and hedgehog thorn on one's body can be picked up residual film fragment come effectively.
The left side plate of described film-collecting box and backboard are netted, and backboard can be opened backward.The left side plate of film-collecting box and backboard are netted; Can be discharged to outside the case reclaiming the sandy soil of carrying secretly in the mulch film effectively, when film-collecting box is filled, open the backboard of film-collecting box backward; Just can quickly and easily the mulch film that reclaims be discharged on the ground, increase work efficiency.
Belt pulley is a mlultiple-groove sheave.
The utility model operation principle: the utility model comprises tractor, suspension frame, and the suspension frame links to each other with the tractor three-point hitch, and the power take-off of tractor links to each other with the power input shaft of gearbox through universal joint transmission shaft assembly; The power take-off of gearbox is provided with belt pulley, and the suspension frame is provided with blower fan, film-collecting box, land wheel, picks up the film roller, the skinning rotor, and the draught fan impeller axle of blower fan is provided with belt pulley one; Picking up the film roller is connected with the suspension frame through picking up the film roll shaft; Pick up the film roller and be provided with belt pulley two, the skinning rotor is connected with the suspension frame through the skinning tool roller axis, and the skinning rotor is provided with belt pulley three; Belt pulley is connected with belt pulley one, belt pulley two, belt pulley three through belt respectively; Describedly pick up the rear that the film roller is located at the skinning rotor, the air inlet of blower fan is located at the rear of ten film rollers, and land wheel is picking up film roller rear; Film-collecting box is at the rear of blower fan, and the air outlet of blower fan is located in the film-collecting box.During operation; The outputting power of tractor is delivered to mlultiple-groove sheave through universal joint transmission shaft assembly, gearbox; Divide three the tunnel to be delivered to the different operating parts then; The first via passes to the skinning rotor and makes its rotation through belt three, belt pulley three, accomplishes the skinning operation, and the mulch film in the soil is dug out; The second the tunnel passes to ten film rollers and makes its rotation through belt two, belt pulley two, will be picked up by the mulch film that the skinning rotor digs out, and accomplishes and to pick up the film operation; Third Road passes to draught fan impeller through belt one, belt pulley one and makes its rotation, and the air inlet of the strength of generation through blower fan will suck in and collected in the film-collecting box by the air outlet ejection by picking up the mulch film that the film roller picks up, and reclaim operation thereby accomplish mulch film.
The beneficial effect of the utility model: the skinning rotor adopts circular arc skinning blade, residual film is cut into the sheet that needs, and is convenient to pick up the film roller and picks up with blower fan and reclaim; Pick up on the roll circumference of film roller and be uniformly distributed with lance tooth, can reclaim the mulch film fragment in the soil effectively, improved residual mulch film net harvesting rate greatly, production efficiency is high, good in economic efficiency.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model;
Among the figure: 1, tractor, 2, the tractor three-point hitch, 3, universal joint transmission shaft assembly, 4, the suspension frame, 5, gearbox; 6, belt pulley, 7, belt one, 8, blower fan, 9, belt pulley one, 10, draught fan impeller; 11, film-collecting box, 12, land wheel, 13, pick up the film roller, 14, belt pulley two; 15, belt two, 16, belt pulley three, 17, skinning rotor, 18, belt three.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is further specified.
The residual machine for recycling mulch film in pneumatic type farmland comprises tractor 1, suspension frame 4, and suspension frame 4 links to each other with tractor three-point hitch 2; The power take-off of tractor 1 links to each other with the power input shaft of gearbox 5 through universal joint transmission shaft assembly 3, and the power take-off of gearbox 5 is provided with belt pulley 6, and suspension frame 4 is provided with blower fan 8, film-collecting box 11, land wheel 12, picks up film roller 13, skinning rotor 17; 10 of the draught fan impellers of blower fan 8 are provided with belt pulley 1, pick up film roller 13 and are connected with suspension frame 4 through picking up the film roll shaft, pick up the film roller and are provided with belt pulley 2 14; The skinning rotor is connected with suspension frame 4 through the skinning tool roller axis; The skinning rotor is provided with belt pulley 3 16, and belt pulley 6 passes through belt 1, belt 2 15 respectively; Belt 3 18 is connected with belt pulley 1, belt pulley 2 14, belt pulley 3 16; Describedly pick up the rear that film roller 13 is located at skinning rotor 17, the air inlet of blower fan 8 is located at the rear of ten film rollers 13, and land wheel 12 is picking up film roller 13 rears; Film-collecting box 11 is at the rear of blower fan 8, and the air outlet of blower fan 8 is located in the film-collecting box 11; The skinning blade of described skinning rotor 17 is a circular arc; Be evenly distributed with lance tooth on the described roll circumference of picking up film roller 13; The left side plate of described film-collecting box 11 and backboard are netted, and backboard can be opened backward; Belt pulley 6 is a mlultiple-groove sheave 6.The outputting power of tractor 1 is delivered to mlultiple-groove sheave 6 through universal joint transmission shaft assembly 3, gearbox 5 during operation; Then; Divide three the tunnel to be delivered to the different operating parts; The first via passes to skinning rotor 17 and makes its rotation through belt 3 18, belt pulley 3 16, accomplishes the skinning operation, and the mulch film in the soil is dug out; The second the tunnel passes to ten film rollers 13 and makes its rotation through belt 2 15, belt pulley 2 14, will be picked up by the mulch film that skinning rotor 17 digs out, and accomplishes and to pick up the film operation; Third Road passes to draught fan impeller 10 and makes its rotation through belt 1, belt pulley 1; The air inlet of the strength that produces through blower fan 8 will suck in and collected in the film-collecting box 11 by the air outlet ejection by picking up the mulch film that film roller 13 picks up, and reclaim operation thereby accomplish mulch film.Because the left side plate of film-collecting box 11 and backboard are netted, can be discharged to outside the case reclaiming the sandy soil of carrying secretly in the mulch film effectively, the backboard that when film-collecting box is filled, just can open film-collecting box quickly and easily backward is discharged to the mulch film that reclaims on the ground.
Though the above-mentioned accompanying drawing that combines is described the embodiment of utility model; But be not restriction to the utility model protection domain; One of ordinary skill in the art should be understood that; On the basis of the technical scheme of the utility model, those skilled in the art need not pay various modifications that creative work can make or distortion still in the protection domain of the utility model.

Claims (5)

1. the residual machine for recycling mulch film in pneumatic type farmland comprises tractor, suspension frame, and the suspension frame links to each other with the tractor three-point hitch; The power take-off of tractor links to each other with the power input shaft of gearbox through universal joint transmission shaft assembly, and the power take-off of gearbox is provided with belt pulley, it is characterized in that; Said suspension frame is provided with blower fan, film-collecting box, land wheel, picks up the film roller, the skinning rotor, and the draught fan impeller axle of blower fan is provided with belt pulley one, picks up the film roller and is connected with the suspension frame through picking up the film roll shaft; Pick up the film roller and be provided with belt pulley two, the skinning rotor is connected with the suspension frame through the skinning tool roller axis, and the skinning rotor is provided with belt pulley three; Belt pulley is connected with belt pulley one, belt pulley two, belt pulley three through belt respectively; Describedly pick up the rear that the film roller is located at the skinning rotor, the air inlet of blower fan is located at the rear of ten film rollers, and land wheel is located at ten film roller rears; Film-collecting box is located at the rear of blower fan, and the air outlet of blower fan is located in the film-collecting box.
2. the residual machine for recycling mulch film in pneumatic type as claimed in claim 1 farmland, the skinning blade that it is characterized in that described skinning rotor is a circular arc.
3. the residual machine for recycling mulch film in pneumatic type as claimed in claim 1 farmland is characterized in that on the described roll circumference of picking up the film roller evenly distribution lance tooth.
4. the residual machine for recycling mulch film in pneumatic type as claimed in claim 1 farmland is characterized in that the left side plate of described film-collecting box and backboard are netted, and backboard can be opened backward.
5. the residual machine for recycling mulch film in pneumatic type as claimed in claim 1 farmland is characterized in that belt pulley is a mlultiple-groove sheave.
CN2012202315464U 2012-05-22 2012-05-22 Pneumatic recycling machine for field mulch residue CN202551639U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012202315464U CN202551639U (en) 2012-05-22 2012-05-22 Pneumatic recycling machine for field mulch residue

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012202315464U CN202551639U (en) 2012-05-22 2012-05-22 Pneumatic recycling machine for field mulch residue

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202551639U true CN202551639U (en) 2012-11-28

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102696295A (en) * 2012-05-22 2012-10-03 山东省农业机械科学研究所 Pneumatic type recycling machine for residual mulching film in farmland
CN103081594A (en) * 2013-01-08 2013-05-08 张掖市凯丰机械有限责任公司 Film residue recovery rotary tillage all-in-one machine
CN103314665A (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-09-25 包玉成 Cropland mulching film picking machine
CN103460838A (en) * 2013-09-25 2013-12-25 王德浩 Old mulching film picking machine
CN103518431A (en) * 2013-10-24 2014-01-22 关文照 Straw crushing returning-to-field and used plastic film recycling all-in-one machine
CN104186042A (en) * 2014-09-15 2014-12-10 青海林丰农牧机械制造有限公司 Deep plastic film residue screening and recycling machine

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102696295A (en) * 2012-05-22 2012-10-03 山东省农业机械科学研究所 Pneumatic type recycling machine for residual mulching film in farmland
CN103081594A (en) * 2013-01-08 2013-05-08 张掖市凯丰机械有限责任公司 Film residue recovery rotary tillage all-in-one machine
CN103081594B (en) * 2013-01-08 2015-09-30 高国虎 Film residue recovery rotary tillage all-in-one machine
CN103314665A (en) * 2013-06-20 2013-09-25 包玉成 Cropland mulching film picking machine
CN103314665B (en) * 2013-06-20 2016-04-27 包玉成 Farmland mulch collecting machine
CN103460838B (en) * 2013-09-25 2016-03-02 刘世海 Once visited place film pick-up machine
CN103460838A (en) * 2013-09-25 2013-12-25 王德浩 Old mulching film picking machine
CN103518431A (en) * 2013-10-24 2014-01-22 关文照 Straw crushing returning-to-field and used plastic film recycling all-in-one machine
CN103518431B (en) * 2013-10-24 2016-03-23 关文照 Straw chopping and returning used plastic collection all-in-one
CN104186042A (en) * 2014-09-15 2014-12-10 青海林丰农牧机械制造有限公司 Deep plastic film residue screening and recycling machine

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121128

Termination date: 20170522

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee