CN202546735U - Biomass particle combustor - Google Patents

Biomass particle combustor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202546735U
CN202546735U CN2012200803603U CN201220080360U CN202546735U CN 202546735 U CN202546735 U CN 202546735U CN 2012200803603 U CN2012200803603 U CN 2012200803603U CN 201220080360 U CN201220080360 U CN 201220080360U CN 202546735 U CN202546735 U CN 202546735U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
combustion chamber
biological particles
cooling
combustor
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2012200803603U
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Chinese (zh)
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钟法明
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钟法明
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Priority to CN2012200803603U priority Critical patent/CN202546735U/en
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Publication of CN202546735U publication Critical patent/CN202546735U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a biomass particle combustor, which comprises a frame, and a combustion chamber, an automatic feeding device, a blowing device, an ignition device and a cooling device arranged on the frame, wherein the chamber wall of the combustion chamber is provided with a feeding hole, an air inlet and a fire hole; the automatic feeding device is used for conveying a biomass particle fuel into the combustion chamber through the feeding hole; the blowing device is used for conveying air into the combustion chamber through the air inlet; the ignition device is arranged on the fire hole, and is used for igniting the biomass particle fuel in the combustion chamber; and the cooling device is used for cooling the chamber wall of the combustion chamber. The biomass particle combustor has the advantages of compact structure, easiness for operating, high combustion efficiency, low emission pollution, stable and reliable running and the like.

Description

A kind of biological particles combustor
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of combustion apparatus of living beings, is a kind of biological particles combustor specifically.
Background technology
China is being faced with serious energy supply and utilization and relative environmental problem at present, and the task of energy-saving and emission-reduction is arduous.With coal is example, and not only in short supply, price escalates, and in civilian and part industrial utilization process, has problems such as efficient is low, seriously polluted.Be example with fuel oil and fuel gas again, the source of goods wretched insufficiency of China's this respect, the substantial appreciation of prices of crude oil and natural gas brings immense pressure for China's economy and social development in the world.In addition, combustion of fossil fuels discharges a large amount of greenhouse gases, is the major reason that causes global warming.Therefore, reducing the dependence to mineral matter fuel, develop regenerative resource energetically, is China's urgent problem.
There are these biolobic material energy resources of abundant agricultural solid residue in China.The granular fuel that utilizes draft and woody living beings to produce is a kind of high-quality biomass fuel, can be used for substituting coal, fuel oil and gas.It not only can provide the more energy, also has characteristics such as efficiency of combustion height, pollutant emission are few, and constant price is not higher than coal and natural gas far below fuel oil yet.The biological substance for combustion granular fuel, not only sulfide emission is few, and emitting nitride is low, also has the characteristics of " carbon dioxide zero discharge ".Biomass granule fuel is particularly suitable for tens application to hundreds of kilowatt hot water, steam boiler.
Biomass granule fuel has the volatile matter content height, the characteristics that ash fusion point is low.The miniature boiler of this fuel of burning requires burner structure compact, reasonable in design, and efficiency of combustion is high, stable and reliable operation.Therefore, need design and the advanced burner of exploitation, to realize the efficient burning of biomass granule fuel, for heat transmission equipments such as boiler provide effectively, practical and relatively inexpensive thermal source.Present existing biomass granular fuel combustor is arranged on heat transmission equipment inside more, brings many difficulties for small-sized DESIGN OF NON ADIABATIC and operation maintenance, and has increased manufacturing cost.Practical external biological particles combustor will receive the welcome in market.
The utility model content
The utility model technical problem to be solved provides the biological particles combustor of a kind of compact conformation, efficiency of combustion height, stable and reliable operation.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is:
A kind of biological particles combustor; Comprise frame and rack-mounted combustion chamber, automatic feeding device, air-supply arrangement, igniter and cooling device; Offer charging aperture, air inlet and burner on the locular wall of said combustion chamber; Said automatic feeding device is carried biomass granule fuel through said charging aperture in the combustion chamber; Said air-supply arrangement is carried air through said air inlet in the combustion chamber, said igniter is arranged at said jet-burner and is used for the indoor biomass granule fuel of ignition combustion, and said cooling device is used for the locular wall of cooling combustion chamber.
Wherein, also comprise control device, said control device is controlled the operation of said automatic feeding device, air-supply arrangement, igniter and cooling device respectively, and said control device comprises control panel, and said control panel is provided with operating key.
Wherein, said burner is positioned at the side top of said charging aperture, said charging aperture be positioned at said air inlet directly over.
Wherein, Said automatic feeding device comprises motor, barrel and feed pipe; The discharging opening of said barrel communicates with the feeding mouth of said feed pipe; The discharging opening of said feed pipe and said feeding inlet are provided with screw rod in the said feed pipe, and said screw rod is rotated by said Electric Machine Control and the biomass granule fuel in the said barrel is delivered to the combustion chamber.
Wherein, Said air-supply arrangement comprises air blast, Gas inlet tube and discharge pipe, and an end of said Gas inlet tube communicates with the external world, and the other end of Gas inlet tube and the air intake vent of air blast join; One end of said discharge pipe communicates with said air inlet, and the other end of discharge pipe and the air outlet of air blast join.
Wherein, also be provided with volume damper on said Gas inlet tube and the discharge pipe.
Wherein, said cooling device comprises cooling water tank and level sensor, and said cooling water tank is around the outer surface setting of said combustion chamber, and said level sensor is arranged in the said cooling water tank.
Wherein, also comprise warning system, said warning system and said level sensor electrically connect.
Wherein, also be provided with on the locular wall of said combustion chamber except that cinder notch and skimming door, said skimming door can open and close to be sealed on said removing on the cinder notch.
The utlity model has following advantage:
1, the utility model is to the custom-designed external combustor of biomass granule fuel; Can be adaptable across the supporting and reducing energy consumption of other heating facilities such as boiler, die casting machine, industrial furnace, drying equipment, drying plant; The red-hot flame that can be nearly after-flame sprays into heat transmission equipment, thereby realizes making full use of of biomass granule fuel;
2, the utility model adopts boiling type half gasification, and combustion to add the design of tangent line spiral-flow type air distribution, the low temperature sectional combustion, and combustion rate can reach more than 92%;
3, the utility model moves under pressure-fired, tempering does not take place and take off fiery phenomenon, stable and reliable operation;
4, the utility model flue dust, sulphur are nitrogen discharged low, and carbon dioxide zero discharge meets the requirement of GB13271 soot emissions;
5, the utility model adopts autofeed, igniting automatically, and simple to operate, workload is little, and the solo operation gets final product.
The biological particles combustor of the utility model can be widely used in clothes manufacturing, food processing, drying plant, hotel, chemical industry, school, hospital and enterprises and institutions' production and vapour is used in life, is particularly suitable for the demanding regional user of environmental protection and energy saving is used.
Description of drawings
Shown in Figure 1 is the structural representation of the utility model.
Label declaration:
10, frame 20, combustion chamber 201, charging aperture 202, air inlet 203, burner 204, remove cinder notch 301, motor 302, barrel 303, feed pipe 304, screw rod 401, air blast 402, Gas inlet tube 403, discharge pipe 404, volume damper 501, cooling water tank 502, level sensor
The specific embodiment
By the technology contents, the structural feature that specify the utility model, realized purpose and effect, know clearly below in conjunction with embodiment and conjunction with figs. and give explanation.
With reference to shown in Figure 1, the biological particles combustor of the utility model comprises frame 10 and is installed in combustion chamber 20, automatic feeding device, air-supply arrangement, igniter and the cooling device on the frame 10;
Offer charging aperture 201, air inlet 202 and burner 203 on the locular wall of said combustion chamber 20;
Said automatic feeding device comprises motor 301, barrel 302 and feed pipe 303; The discharging opening of said barrel 302 communicates with the feeding mouth of said feed pipe 303; The discharging opening of said feed pipe 303 communicates with said charging aperture 201; Be provided with screw rod 304 in the said feed pipe 303, said screw rod 304 is rotated by said motor 301 controls and the biomass granule fuel in the said barrel 302 is delivered to combustion chamber 20;
Said air-supply arrangement comprises air blast 401, Gas inlet tube 402 and discharge pipe 403; One end of said Gas inlet tube 402 communicates with the external world; The air intake vent of the other end of Gas inlet tube 402 and air blast 401 joins; One end of said discharge pipe 403 communicates with said air inlet 202, and the air outlet of the other end of discharge pipe 403 and air blast 401 joins.
Said cooling device comprises cooling water tank 501 and level sensor 502, and said cooling water tank 501 is around the outer surface setting of said combustion chamber 20, and said level sensor 502 is arranged in the said cooling water tank 501.
The operation of the utility model is following:
1, in barrel 302, add biomass granule fuel, starter motor 301 drives screw rod 304 by motor 301 and rotates charging aperture 201 conveyings of the biomass granule fuel in the barrel 302 to combustion chamber 20, and biomass granule fuel gets in the combustion chamber 20;
2, start air blast 401; Air blast 401 is bled from the external world through Gas inlet tube 402 and through discharge pipe 403 air is blasted in the combustion chamber 20, makes biomass granule fuel and fully mixed being incorporated in of air in the combustion chamber 20 be boiling type and the motion of tangent line spiral-flow type under the air-flow effect;
3, starting ignition device takes fire the biomass granule fuel in the combustion chamber 20, in the combustion process; 20 bottom burn step by step to the top from the combustion chamber with the well-mixed biomass granule fuel that is the motion of boiling type and tangent line spiral-flow type of air, ignition temperature raises gradually, and it is also more and more abundant to burn; Final through burner 203 outside jet flames; This moment, ignition temperature can reach more than 1000 degree, and combustion rate can reach more than 92%, and soot emissions can reach the requirement of GB13271 soot emissions; And in whole combustion process, be always slight positive pressure state in the combustion chamber 20, therefore tempering can not take place and take off fiery phenomenon, stable and reliable operation;
4, in said process; Cooling device can be opened according to the variations in temperature of combustion chamber 20 at any time; Too high and break down or accident with the temperature of avoiding combustion chamber 20; Cooling water tank 501 is provided with the temperature that is beneficial to quick adjustment combustion chamber 20 around the outer surface of combustion chamber 20, and level sensor 502 then is used to respond to water level in the cooling water tank 501 to avoid the water yield very few and influence cooling effect, the stable and reliable operation of assurance biological particles combustor.
Further improvement as the foregoing description also comprises warning system, and said warning system and level sensor electrically connect.When the water level in the cooling water tank 501 was lower than safety level, level sensor 502 sent alarm signal to warning system, started warning system and began to report to the police, and dangerous situation can in time be come to light, and avoided breaking down and accident.
Further improvement as the foregoing description; Also comprise control device; Said control device is controlled the operation of said automatic feeding device, air-supply arrangement, igniter and cooling device respectively, and said control device comprises control panel, and said control panel is provided with operating key.Operating personnel can directly control the running status of biological particles combustor through the operating key on the control panel like this, reduce operation easier and workload, better realize the one man operation, can react the loss of avoiding fault to cause fast simultaneously.
As the further improvement of the foregoing description, said charging aperture 201 be positioned at said air inlet 202 directly over.Air gets under biomass granule fuel like this, can mix more fully with biomass granule fuel, also more helps forming the biomass granule fuel of boiling type and the motion of tangent line spiral-flow type, improves efficiency of combustion.
As the further improvement of the foregoing description, said burner 203 is positioned at the side top of said charging aperture 201.Help improving the flame temperature of burner 203 like this, and prevent that flame from getting into charging aperture 201.
As the further improvement of the foregoing description, also be provided with volume damper 404 on said Gas inlet tube 402 and the discharge pipe 403.Through regulating volume damper 404, can adjust air mass flow and flow velocity in the combustion chamber at any time, make the burning of biomass granule fuel more abundant, it is safer to burn.
As the further improvement of the foregoing description, also be provided with on the locular wall of said combustion chamber 20 except that cinder notch 204 and skimming door, said skimming door can open and close to be sealed on said removing on the cinder notch 204.Can conveniently remove the residue of combustion in the combustion chamber 20 like this.
The utlity model has following advantage:
1, the utility model is to the custom-designed external combustor of biomass granule fuel; Can be adaptable across the supporting and reducing energy consumption of other heating facilities such as boiler, die casting machine, industrial furnace, drying equipment, drying plant; The red-hot flame that can be nearly after-flame sprays into heat transmission equipment, thereby realizes making full use of of biomass granule fuel;
2, the utility model adopts boiling type half gasification, and combustion to add the design of tangent line spiral-flow type air distribution, the low temperature sectional combustion, and combustion rate can reach more than 92%;
3, the utility model moves under pressure-fired, tempering does not take place and take off fiery phenomenon, stable and reliable operation;
4, the utility model flue dust, sulphur are nitrogen discharged low, and carbon dioxide zero discharge meets the requirement of GB13271 soot emissions;
5, the utility model adopts autofeed, igniting automatically, and simple to operate, workload is little, and the solo operation gets final product.
The biological particles combustor of the utility model can be widely used in clothes manufacturing, food processing, drying plant, hotel, chemical industry, school, hospital and enterprises and institutions' production and vapour is used in life, is particularly suitable for the demanding regional user of environmental protection and energy saving is used.
The above is merely the embodiment of the utility model; Be not thus the restriction the utility model claim; Every equivalent structure or equivalent flow process conversion that utilizes the utility model specification and accompanying drawing content to be done; Or directly or indirectly be used in other relevant technical fields, all in like manner be included in the scope of patent protection of the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. biological particles combustor; It is characterized in that: comprise frame and rack-mounted combustion chamber, automatic feeding device, air-supply arrangement, igniter and cooling device; Offer charging aperture, air inlet and burner on the locular wall of said combustion chamber; Said automatic feeding device is carried biomass granule fuel through said charging aperture in the combustion chamber; Said air-supply arrangement is carried air through said air inlet in the combustion chamber, said igniter is arranged at said jet-burner and is used for the indoor biomass granule fuel of ignition combustion, and said cooling device is used for the locular wall of cooling combustion chamber.
2. biological particles combustor according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: also comprise control device; Said control device connects and controls the operation of said automatic feeding device, air-supply arrangement, igniter and cooling device respectively; Said control device comprises control panel, and said control panel is provided with operating key.
3. biological particles combustor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said charging aperture be positioned at said air inlet directly over, said burner is positioned at the side top of said charging aperture.
4. biological particles combustor according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said automatic feeding device comprises motor, barrel and feed pipe; The discharging opening of said barrel communicates with the feeding mouth of said feed pipe; The discharging opening of said feed pipe and said feeding inlet are provided with screw rod in the said feed pipe, and said screw rod is rotated by said Electric Machine Control and the biomass granule fuel in the said barrel is delivered to the combustion chamber.
5. biological particles combustor according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said air-supply arrangement comprises air blast, Gas inlet tube and discharge pipe; One end of said Gas inlet tube communicates with the external world; The other end of Gas inlet tube and the air intake vent of air blast join, and an end of said discharge pipe communicates with said air inlet, and the other end of discharge pipe and the air outlet of air blast join.
6. biological particles combustor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also be provided with volume damper on said Gas inlet tube and the discharge pipe.
7. biological particles combustor according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said cooling device comprises cooling water tank and level sensor; Said cooling water tank is around the outer surface setting of said combustion chamber, and said level sensor is arranged in the said cooling water tank.
8. biological particles combustor according to claim 7 is characterized in that: also comprise warning system, said warning system and said level sensor electrically connect.
9. biological particles combustor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also be provided with on the locular wall of said combustion chamber except that cinder notch and skimming door, said skimming door can open and close to be sealed on said removing on the cinder notch.
CN2012200803603U 2012-03-05 2012-03-05 Biomass particle combustor Expired - Fee Related CN202546735U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200803603U CN202546735U (en) 2012-03-05 2012-03-05 Biomass particle combustor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200803603U CN202546735U (en) 2012-03-05 2012-03-05 Biomass particle combustor

Publications (1)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103017146A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-03 常熟市辛庄镇前进五金厂 Biomass sawdust fuel burning mechanism
CN103017143A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-03 常熟市辛庄镇前进五金厂 Biomass sawdust fuel burning furnace
CN104235831A (en) * 2014-07-23 2014-12-24 长兴仁华环保设备厂 Biomass particle combustion furnace
CN105202526A (en) * 2015-10-28 2015-12-30 山东多乐新能源科技有限责任公司 Biomass particle burner
CN106594783A (en) * 2017-01-04 2017-04-26 江苏鸿烤电器有限公司 Feeding and combusting mechanism of barbecue grill
CN108343946A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-07-31 佛山市千注利科技有限公司 A kind of biomass burning stove of replaceable baffle
CN108626717A (en) * 2017-03-17 2018-10-09 王坤明 A kind of biomass particle burning machine of Efficient intelligent

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103017146A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-03 常熟市辛庄镇前进五金厂 Biomass sawdust fuel burning mechanism
CN103017143A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-03 常熟市辛庄镇前进五金厂 Biomass sawdust fuel burning furnace
CN103017143B (en) * 2012-12-25 2014-12-24 常熟市筑紫机械有限公司 Biomass sawdust fuel burning furnace
CN103017146B (en) * 2012-12-25 2014-12-24 常熟市筑紫机械有限公司 Biomass sawdust fuel burning mechanism
CN104235831A (en) * 2014-07-23 2014-12-24 长兴仁华环保设备厂 Biomass particle combustion furnace
CN105202526A (en) * 2015-10-28 2015-12-30 山东多乐新能源科技有限责任公司 Biomass particle burner
CN106594783A (en) * 2017-01-04 2017-04-26 江苏鸿烤电器有限公司 Feeding and combusting mechanism of barbecue grill
CN108626717A (en) * 2017-03-17 2018-10-09 王坤明 A kind of biomass particle burning machine of Efficient intelligent
CN108343946A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-07-31 佛山市千注利科技有限公司 A kind of biomass burning stove of replaceable baffle

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121121

Termination date: 20140305