The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of simple in structure, quantitatively accurate, easy foods packing machine of adjusting.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the technical solution of the utility model is:
The utility model is a kind of foods packing machine, and it comprises frame, barrel jacking system, blanking device, proportioning device; Described blanking device is installed on the barrel jacking system, and the barrel jacking system is installed on the straight wall of frame, and proportioning device is installed in the bottom of frame and is positioned at the below of blanking device.
Described barrel jacking system comprises slide plate, screw rod Connection Block, lifting screw, motor, guide rail; Described screw rod Connection Block is fixedly mounted on the back side of slide plate; The lifting screw middle part is screwed onto in the screw of screw rod Connection Block, and the lower end of lifting screw is connected with motor output shaft, and motor is installed on the frame through motor cabinet; Slide plate slips on guide rail, and guide rail is installed on the straight wall of frame.
Described proportioning device comprises case, charging tray lid, charging tray motor, reductor, charging tray, material tray seat, charging tray axle, capacity adjustable piston, adjustable cylinder seat, material scraping plate, binder cylinder, discharging piece, dosing cylinder, makes bar; Described charging tray lid is buckled on the case, constitutes an accommodation space; Described charging tray motor connects reductor; Described charging tray fixedly sleeved on the charging tray axle and be installed in material tray seat above, have same rotation axis with material tray seat, charging tray can rotate relative to material tray seat, on charging tray, offers a plurality of hoppers around the center; The charging tray axle fixedly sleeved on the output shaft of reductor and the charging tray axle be nested with on material tray seat through bearing is rotatable; Described adjustable cylinder seat is fixed on the bottom surface of material tray seat and is positioned on the circumference of a plurality of hoppers on the charging tray; The piston rod gap of capacity adjustable piston is nested with in the piston hole of adjustable cylinder seat and piston head can penetrate in the hopper; The outer end of piston rod is hinged on an end of making bar; Beat the bar middle part and be hinged on the extension of material tray seat, the piston rod rod end of the other end and dosing cylinder of making bar is hinged, and the cylinder body of dosing cylinder is fixed on the extension of material tray seat; The end face that is installed in the charging tray lid of described binder cylinder, the piston rod of binder cylinder pass charging tray lid and relative with hopper, and at the fixing discharging piece of the rod end of binder cylinder piston rod, the discharging piece can penetrate hopper; Described material scraping plate is positioned at the charging tray top through bottom surface and the material scraping plate that the material scraping plate guide pillar is fixed on the charging tray lid.
Described drawing mechanism comprises motor cabinet, screw rod motor, deceleration head, screw rod adapter shaft, screw rod, charging basket, discharging mouth, stirring motor, bearing seat, stirring driving gear, stirs driven gear, stirs roller, stirs support, stirring vane; Described deceleration head and stirring motor are installed on the motor cabinet; Described screw rod motor via reducer head is connected with screw rod adapter shaft upper end, and screw rod adapter shaft lower end is connected with the screw rod upper end through the screw rod adapter sleeve.The lower end of charging basket is connected the upper end of discharging mouth, the rotatable central authorities that are nested with at charging basket and discharging mouth of described screw rod.
Described screw rod is made up of rotating shaft and blade, and little back taper setting is presented greatly, descended to fan disk around the bottom and the blade outer diameter of rotating shaft; Described discharging mouth is tapered, and its inner chamber is inverted cone shape, and intracavity diameter and blade external diameter match.
The thin guide rail of the many circles of coiled coil from top to bottom on the described discharging mouth internal chamber wall, the helix line of this thin guide rail and screw rod blade screw line are in the opposite direction.
After adopting such scheme, the utlity model has following advantage:
1, because the inner chamber of the discharging mouth of the utility model blanking device is inverted cone shape; Also present greatly corresponding screw rod blade outer, following little back taper; Rotate in the discharging mouth with screw rod and can accomplish pusher and two actions of material extrusion; But actv. from material mouth is being extruded the food weight basically identical extruded after the compacting with food from the discharging mouth.
2, because the utility model proportioning device is provided with the capacity adjustable piston, makes bar, dosing cylinder; And on charging tray, offer a plurality of hoppers, the capacity adjustable piston penetrates the bottom of hopper under the driving of dosing cylinder, play the effect of regulating the hopper volume; As long as regulate the swing height of making bar; Just can reach the purpose of regulating the food product packets loading amount, regulate very easily, and quantitatively accurately.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specific embodiment the utility model is further described.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model is a kind of foods packing machine, and it comprises frame 1, barrel jacking system 2, blanking device 3, proportioning device 4.
Described blanking device 3 is installed on the barrel jacking system 2, and barrel jacking system 2 is installed on the frame 1 straight wall, and proportioning device 4 is installed in the bottom of frame 1 and is positioned at the below of blanking device 3.
Described barrel jacking system 2 comprises slide plate 21, screw rod Connection Block 22, lifting screw 23, motor 24, guide rail 25.Described screw rod Connection Block 22 is fixedly mounted on the back side of slide plate 21; Lifting screw 23 middle parts are screwed onto in the screw of screw rod Connection Block 22; The lower end of lifting screw 23 is connected with motor 24 output shafts; Motor 24 is installed on the frame 1 through motor cabinet 26, and slide plate 21 slips on guide rail 25, and guide rail 25 is installed on the straight wall of frame 1.
Like Fig. 4, shown in Figure 5, described drawing mechanism 3 comprises motor cabinet 31, screw rod motor 32, deceleration head 33, screw rod adapter shaft 34, screw rod 35, charging basket 36, discharging mouth 37, stirring motor 38, bearing seat 39, stirs driving gear 310, stirs driven gear 320, stirs roller 330, stirs support 340, stirring vane 350.
Described deceleration head 33 is installed on the motor cabinet 31 with stirring motor 38.
In conjunction with shown in Figure 6, described screw rod motor 32 adopts servomotor, and it is connected with screw rod adapter shaft 34 upper ends through deceleration head 33, and screw rod adapter shaft 34 lower ends are connected with screw rod 35 upper ends through screw rod 3 adapter sleeves 341.The lower end of charging basket 36 is connected the upper end of discharging mouth 37, the described screw rod 35 rotatable central authorities that are nested with at charging basket 36 and discharging mouth 37.
Like Fig. 7, shown in Figure 8, described screw rod 35 is made up of rotating shaft 351 and blade 352; Blade 352 is coiled in the bottom and the blade 352 outer diameters of rotating shaft 351 and presents greatly, descends little back taper setting.
As shown in Figure 5; Described discharging mouth 37 is tapered, and its inner chamber is inverted cone shape, and intracavity diameter and blade 352 external diameters match; Coiled coil encloses thin guide rail 371 more from top to bottom on discharging mouth 37 internal chamber walls, and the helix line of this thin guide rail 371 is opposite with screw rod 35 blades 352 hand of helixs.
As shown in Figure 6; Described stirring motor 38 is connected through stirring driving gear 310, stirring driven gear 320 and stirring roller 330, stirs roller 330 and is nested with in bearing seat 39 through rotatable being socketed on the screw rod adapter shaft 34 and through bearing is rotatable of bearing.
As shown in Figure 5, the bottom of described stirring roller 330 is connected with stirring vane 350 through stirring support 340, and stirring vane 350 outer side clearances abut on the inwall of charging basket 36.Described bearing seat 39 is installed on the motor cabinet 31.
As shown in Figure 9, described proportioning device 4 comprises case 41, charging tray lid 42, charging tray motor 43, reductor 44, charging tray 45, material tray seat 46, charging tray axle 47, capacity adjustable piston 48, adjustable cylinder seat 49, material scraping plate 410, binder cylinder 420, discharging piece 430, dosing cylinder 440, makes bar 450, water connection 460, near switch 470 (shown in figure 10).
Described charging tray lid 42 is buckled on the case 41 through the hasp on the sidewall 421, constitutes an accommodation space (like Figure 10, shown in Figure 11).
Described charging tray motor 43 is a servomotor, and it connects reductor 44.Described charging tray 45 fixedly sleeved on the charging tray axle 47 and be installed in material tray seat 46 above, have same rotation axis with material tray seat 46, charging tray 45 can rotate relative to material tray seat 46, on charging tray 45, offers the hopper 451 of a plurality of equidistance around the center.
Described charging tray axle 47 fixedly sleeved on the output shaft of reductor 44 and charging tray axle 47 through bearing 471 rotatable being nested with on material tray seat 46.Described adjustable cylinder seat 49 is fixed on the bottom surface of material tray seat 46 and is positioned on the circumference of a plurality of hoppers 451 on the charging tray 45 (shown in figure 11); Piston rod 481 gaps of capacity adjustable piston 48 are nested with in the piston hole of adjustable cylinder seat 49 and piston head 482 can penetrate in the hopper 451 from hopper 451 bottoms; The outer end of piston rod 481 is hinged on an end of making bar 450; Beating bar 450 middle parts is hinged on the extension 461 of material tray seat 46; The piston rod rod end of the other end and dosing cylinder 440 of making bar 450 is hinged, and the cylinder body of dosing cylinder 440 is fixed on the extension 461 of material tray seat 46; The end face that is installed in charging tray lid 42 of described binder cylinder 420; The piston rod of binder cylinder 420 passes charging tray lid 42 and relative with hopper 451; At the fixing discharging piece 430 of the rod end of binder cylinder 420 piston rods, discharging piece 430 can penetrate in the hopper 451, and the food in the hopper 451 is ejected.With reference to shown in Figure 11; Described material scraping plate 410 is half arc; It is positioned at charging tray 45 tops through bottom surface and the material scraping plate 410 that material scraping plate guide pillar 4101 is fixed on charging tray lid 42, only has less clearance with charging tray 45, plays to prevent to inject the effect that the food in the hopper 451 overflows.
Described titting water outlet 460 is installed in the bottom surface of material tray seat 46.On charging tray lid 42, be equipped with near switch 470.
The principle of work of the utility model:
1, as shown in Figure 2, the motor 24 in the described barrel jacking system 2 moves up and down through the slide plate 21 of lifting screw 23 drive fixing on screw rod Connection Block 22, regulates the material amount of proportioning device 4.
2, as shown in Figure 5; The screw rod motor 32 of described blanking device 3 drives screw rod 35 rotation at interval through deceleration head 33 and screw rod adapter shaft 34; Blade 352 downward extruded foods on the screw rod 35; And the food that is attached on discharging mouth 37 inwalls is moved down along thin guide rail 71, and food is extruded for 37 mouthfuls from the discharging mouth.
3, described stirring motor 38 passes through to stir driving gear 310, stirs driven gear 320, stirs roller 330, stirs 350 rotations of support 340 drive stirring vanes, and the food that is attached on charging basket 36 inwalls is scraped.
4, as shown in Figure 9, the charging tray 45 of described proportioning device 4 intermittently rotates under the drive of charging tray motor 43, reductor 44.
5, when charging tray 45 gets into the material filling station; Dosing cylinder 440 drives hopper 451 bottoms that capacity adjustable piston 48 upwards gets on the charging tray 45 through making bar 450; Thereby set the volume of hopper 451, be squeezed in the hopper 451 on the charging tray 45 from the food of barrel.
When charging tray 45 got into the discharging stations, the discharging piece 430 on binder cylinder 420 piston rods penetrated hopper 451, the food in the hopper 451 was extruded by closing device in the hopper 451 encapsulate.