CN202541758U - Motorcycle braking device and motorcycle comprising the same - Google Patents

Motorcycle braking device and motorcycle comprising the same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202541758U
CN202541758U CN 201220058715 CN201220058715U CN202541758U CN 202541758 U CN202541758 U CN 202541758U CN 201220058715 CN201220058715 CN 201220058715 CN 201220058715 U CN201220058715 U CN 201220058715U CN 202541758 U CN202541758 U CN 202541758U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
piston
braking
motorcycle
brake
cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220058715
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
江海
刘志友
高中华
黄小凯
袁旭东
唐程
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Loncin Motor Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Loncin Motor Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Loncin Motor Co Ltd filed Critical Loncin Motor Co Ltd
Priority to CN 201220058715 priority Critical patent/CN202541758U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202541758U publication Critical patent/CN202541758U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a motorcycle braking device and a motorcycle comprising the braking device. The motorcycle braking device and the motorcycle comprising the braking device comprise a front wheel braking component, a rear wheel braking component and a brake cylinder assembly, wherein the brake cylinder assembly adjustably distributes braking force to the front wheel braking component and the rear wheel braking component. According to the motorcycle braking device and the motorcycle comprising the braking device, the structure of the brake cylinder assembly is adopted, distribution of braking output is conducted as needed, the braking force is output to the front wheel braking component and the rear wheel braking component through utilization of an existing conversion mode, and therefore the braking force is reasonably distributed to the front wheel braking component and the rear wheel braking component, set linkage effects are easily achieved, the utilization rate of an attachment coefficient is improved, braking deceleration is increased, and braking distance is shortened. Meanwhile, the motorcycle braking device and the motorcycle comprising the braking device are simple in structure, sensitive in response, and easy to adjust according to needed distribution of the braking force. Besides, safety and stability of driving of the motorcycle are increased.

Description

Motorcycle brake device and motor bike thereof
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of motorcycle part and motor bike thereof, particularly a kind of motorcycle brake class safety attachment and motor bike thereof.
Background technology
Brake system is the requisite safety attachment of motor bike, guarantees the excellent control of driver to motor bike, avoids safety misadventure.Motor bike is the same with other vehicle; Comprise front wheel brake assembly and trailing wheel brake assemblies; The front wheel brake assembly comprises that front-wheel brake and front wheel brake drive transmission component, and such as zip or hydraulic actuating cylinder assembly etc., the trailing wheel brake assemblies comprises that rear wheel brake and front wheel brake drive transmission component; What the braking driving was more is front wheel brake assembly and trailing wheel brake assemblies self contained function, and the average driver glancing impact can not distribute front wheel brake assembly and trailing wheel brake assemblies braking force preferably, only operates with subjectivity; Unreasonable and the safety misadventures such as overturning that cause of brakig force distribution appear in the shortcomings, particularly braking procedure such as thereby it is low to have adhesion coefficient utilization, and braking deceleration is little, and stopping distance is long easily.
In the prior art, for addressing the above problem, a series of linkage braking devices have appearred; Patent application 201110009654.7 discloses a kind of motorcycle linking brake equipment, can realize the interlock brake operating of front and back wheel; This structure adopts mechanical force to drive hydraulic actuating cylinder and realizes the interlock braking, and the conversion that secondary hydraulic actuating cylinder is realized hydraulic pressure and machinery is set, and reaches the purpose of interlock; In order rationally to adjust assignment system power, also be provided with the delay valve and the hydraulic pressure check valve that are used for the output of modulated pressure power, the total system complex structure is made also comparatively difficulty, and cost is higher, and adjustment process is comparatively loaded down with trivial details; Owing to adopt the structure of delay valve and hydraulic pressure check valve, increase equipment volume, and reaction sensitivity inadequately, be difficult for the effect that reaches set, and occur deviation easily.
Therefore, need improve the motorcycle brake device, can reasonable distribution front wheel brake assembly and the brakig force distribution of trailing wheel brake assemblies, be easy to the interlock effect that reaches set, improve adhesion coefficient utilization, increase braking deceleration, shorten stopping distance; Simultaneously, system architecture is simple, is quick on the draw, and is easy to adjust according to required brakig force distribution.
The utility model content
In view of this, the utility model provides a kind of motorcycle brake device and motor bike thereof, can reasonable distribution front wheel brake assembly and the brakig force distribution of trailing wheel brake assemblies; Be easy to the interlock effect that reaches set; Improve adhesion coefficient utilization, increase braking deceleration, shorten stopping distance; Simultaneously, system architecture is simple, is quick on the draw, and is easy to adjust according to required brakig force distribution.
The motorcycle brake device of the utility model comprises front wheel brake assembly, trailing wheel brake assemblies and is used for the input brake hydraulic coupling and this brake fluid pressure is dispensed to the brake cylinder assembly that front wheel brake assembly and trailing wheel brake assemblies are converted into braking force.
Further; Said brake cylinder assembly comprises cylinder body and the piston that is positioned at cylinder body; The inner chamber of cylinder body is divided into the epitrochoidal chamber and the actuator chamber that is used for input hydraulic pressure and driven plunger compression work chamber that is used for hydraulic pressure output by piston, and said piston is provided with the piston rod that extends cylinder body vertically and its mechanical trip is exported; The mechanical trip that the hydraulic coupling of said epitrochoidal chamber output and piston rod are exported correspondence respectively acts on the front wheel brake assembly and the trailing wheel brake assemblies is converted into braking force; Said piston is provided with the predetermincd tension that drives its return; This predetermincd tension can adopt any physical construction that can realize this predetermincd tension; Can comprise being arranged at the structure that the outer parts of cylinder body are accomplished, repeat no more at this; Return be meant piston by the effect of actuator chamber to the epitrochoidal chamber direction move realize braking after, drive by this predetermincd tension and to be back to the initial position, wait for that drive next time; Certainly, actuator chamber comprises pedal brake plate or handle brake rod etc. by driver's input hydraulic pressure power, need be equipped with necessary hydraulic pressure outdevice.
Further; Said piston rod is transported to the trailing wheel brake assemblies through connecting rod assembly with mechanical force; Said connecting rod assembly comprises pipe link and lever; Said pipe link and piston rod are through being threaded and being used for the power point of activation lever, and the resistance point of said lever is used to drive the trailing wheel brake assemblies and accomplishes braking; Because pipe link and piston rod through being threaded, are easy to adjust braking distance, the flexible advantage of embodiment mechanical alignment.
Further, also comprise the auxiliary piston that is positioned at inner chamber of cylinder block, said auxiliary piston diameter less than diameter of piston and with piston at least axial restraint be connected, said actuator chamber is formed between piston and the auxiliary piston; Certainly, the driving surface diameter that inner chamber of cylinder block cooperates with auxiliary piston reaches the purpose of good driving less than the driving surface that cooperates with piston; Adopt the auxiliary piston structure, increase the cylinder inner-support, can stable support piston and piston rod, reach reciprocating stability, the sealing that reduces between piston rod itself and the cylinder body is loaded, and prolongs its service life; Simultaneously, reduce the driving of action of hydraulic force behind piston and make a concerted effort, make the output of hydraulic coupling comparatively mild, guarantee the stability of brake.
Further, said piston rod epitrochoidal chamber dorsad extends cylinder body, and said auxiliary piston and piston rod axial restraint at least are connected; Entire arrangement is simple and compact for structure, is easy to make and assembling.
Further, the return predetermincd tension of said piston is applied by the preloading spring that is positioned at epitrochoidal chamber; Simple and compact for structure, the protection spring does not receive extraneous failsafety.
Further, said pipe link connects the power point that the drag-line driving is connected in lever through one; Certainly, need to combine the return effect of trailing wheel brake assemblies to realize braking and the purpose that discharges, have stronger comformability.
Further, the coaxial negative thread that is provided with of said pipe link, piston rod is provided with the outside thread with this screw-internal thread fit, the pipe link end also be provided be used for piston rod lock onto pipe link jam nut; The adjusted braking distance of assurance that can be firm after the locking.
Further, said auxiliary piston cylindrical is provided with the seal groove of embedded seal ring, and good sealing effect further reduces the seal request of piston rod, guarantees the integral sealing effect of cylinder assembly, thereby guarantees braking effect; The detachable cylinder cap that is provided with of cylinder body; Said epitrochoidal chamber is formed between cylinder cap and the piston; Be placed in the spring perch of preloading spring in said piston and cylinder cap are respectively equipped with and are used for, guarantee the installation of spring and the in-use performance after the installation, avoid taking place failure phenomenon its radial location.
Further, epitrochoidal chamber is provided with the output interface that hydraulic pressure is exported to the front wheel brake assembly, and actuator chamber is provided with the input interface with the hydraulic pressure input, and is simple in structure, easy to use.
The invention also discloses a kind of motor bike of using the motorcycle brake device, said motor bike is equipped with the motorcycle brake device.
The beneficial effect of the utility model: the motorcycle brake device and the motor bike thereof of the utility model, the motorcycle brake device adopts the structure of a cylinder assembly, can distribute braking output as required; And utilize existing translative mode to export front wheel brake assembly and trailing wheel brake assemblies to; Can reasonable distribution front wheel brake assembly and the brakig force distribution of trailing wheel brake assemblies, be easy to the interlock effect that reaches set, improve adhesion coefficient utilization; Increase braking deceleration, shorten stopping distance; Simultaneously, native system is simple in structure, is quick on the draw, and is easy to adjust according to required brakig force distribution, has increased the safety and the stability of motorcycle driving.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is further described.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model.
The specific embodiment
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model; As shown in the figure: the motorcycle brake device of present embodiment; Comprise front wheel brake assembly, trailing wheel brake assemblies and be used for the input brake hydraulic coupling and this brake fluid pressure is dispensed to the brake cylinder assembly that front wheel brake assembly and trailing wheel brake assemblies are converted into braking force; The brake cylinder assembly can perhaps through mechanical type output of a hydraulic pressure, perhaps carry out drive brake to front wheel brake assembly and trailing wheel brake assemblies respectively through two mechanical type outputs through two hydraulic pressure outputs; Hydraulic coupling after the output or mechanical trip can adopt existing conversion regime to be used for braking, repeat no more at this.
In the present embodiment, said brake cylinder assembly comprises cylinder body 3 and the piston 6 that is positioned at cylinder body 3, and the matching relationship of piston and cylinder body repeats no more at this; The inner chamber of cylinder body 3 is divided into the epitrochoidal chamber 31 and the actuator chamber 32 that is used for input hydraulic pressure and driven plunger 6 compression work chambeies 31 that is used for hydraulic pressure output by piston 6; The direction of arrow is the input and output direction among the figure; Epitrochoidal chamber 31 all is full of working medium (hydraulic pressure wet goods) with actuator chamber 32 during work, to realize the work purpose; Said piston 6 is provided with the piston rod 11 that extends cylinder body vertically and its mechanical trip is exported, and piston 6 produces mechanical trip thus at the effect lower compression epitrochoidal chamber 31 of actuator chamber 32 input hydraulic pressures, and this mechanical trip is exported by piston rod; The mechanical trip of the hydraulic coupling of said epitrochoidal chamber 31 outputs and piston rod 11 outputs correspondence respectively acts on the front wheel brake assembly and the trailing wheel brake assemblies is converted into braking force, and said piston 6 is provided with the predetermincd tension of its return of driving; Return be meant piston 6 by the effect of actuator chamber 32 to epitrochoidal chamber 31 directions move realize braking after, drive by this predetermincd tension and to be back to the initial position, wait for that drive next time; Certainly, actuator chamber 32 comprises pedal brake plate or handle brake rod etc. by driver's input hydraulic pressure power, need be equipped with necessary hydraulic pressure outdevice; Front wheel brake assembly and trailing wheel brake assemblies can adopt the brake assemblies of prior art, comprise drum brake assembly and disc brake assembly, only need simple conversion equipment can realize existing any brake structure, repeat no more at this.
In the present embodiment; Said piston rod 11 is transported to the trailing wheel brake assemblies through connecting rod assembly with mechanical force; Said connecting rod assembly comprises pipe link 14 and lever 17, and said pipe link 14 and piston rod 11 promptly are used for the point of activation lever 17 around fulcrum 16 rotation formation braking forces through being threaded and being used for the power point 17a of activation lever 17; Fulcrum 16 can be that the jointed shaft that is articulated on the vehicle frame forms, and can limit radially (jointed shaft radially) degree of freedom of lever 17; The resistance point 17b of said lever 17 is used to drive the trailing wheel brake assemblies and accomplishes braking; Because pipe link 14 and piston rod 11 through being threaded, are easy to adjust braking distance, the flexible advantage of embodiment mechanical alignment.
In the present embodiment, also comprise the auxiliary piston 10 that is positioned at cylinder body 3 inner chambers, said auxiliary piston 10 diameters less than piston 6 diameters and with piston 6 at least axial restraint be connected; As shown in the figure, piston 6 is integrally formed with auxiliary piston 10, certainly; Can adopt connection modes such as screw thread, all can realize the utility model purpose; Said actuator chamber 32 is formed between piston 6 and the auxiliary piston 10; Certainly, the driving surface diameter that cylinder body 3 inner chambers cooperate with auxiliary piston 10 reaches the purpose of good driving less than the driving surface that cooperates with piston 3; Adopt auxiliary piston 10 structures, increase the cylinder inner-support, can stable support piston 3 and piston rod 11, reach reciprocating stability, reduce piston rod 11 and itself load with the sealing between the cylinder body 3, prolong its service life; Simultaneously, reduce the driving of action of hydraulic force behind piston and make a concerted effort, make the output of hydraulic coupling comparatively mild, guarantee the stability of brake.
In the present embodiment, said piston rod 11 epitrochoidal chamber 31 dorsad extends cylinder body 3, and said auxiliary piston 10 and piston rod 11 axial restraint at least are connected; As shown in the figure; Piston 6, auxiliary piston 10 and piston rod 11 are integrally formed, also can adopt connection modes such as screw thread, all can realize the utility model purpose; Entire arrangement is simple and compact for structure, is easy to make and assembling.
In the present embodiment, the return predetermincd tension of said piston 6 is applied by the preloading spring that is positioned at epitrochoidal chamber 4; Simple and compact for structure, the protection spring does not receive extraneous failsafety.
In the present embodiment, said pipe link 14 connects drag-line 15 through one and drives the power point 17a that is connected in lever 17, also can adopt intermediate bar to carry out hinged realization purpose certainly; Certainly, need to combine the return effect of trailing wheel brake assemblies to realize braking and the purpose that discharges, have stronger comformability.
In the present embodiment; The said pipe link 14 coaxial negative threads that are provided with; Piston rod 11 is provided with the outside thread with this screw-internal thread fit; Pipe link 14 ends also be provided be used for piston rod 11 lock onto pipe link 14 jam nut 13, as shown in the figure, jam nut 13 is threaded onto the outside thread of piston rod 11 it is locked; The adjusted braking distance of assurance that can be firm after the locking.
In the present embodiment, said auxiliary piston 10 cylindricals are provided with the seal groove of embedded seal ring 9, and are as shown in the figure; Seal ring 9 is the O RunddichtringO, and good sealing effect further reduces the seal request of piston rod; Guarantee the integral sealing effect of cylinder assembly, thereby guarantee braking effect; Certainly; Piston 6 all need be provided with sealing member with auxiliary piston 11; Be sealing member 5 and sealing member 8 among the figure, piston and auxiliary piston are respectively equipped with the mounting groove that is used to install sealing member 5 and sealing member 8, and sealing member 5 is V-type or Y type oil enveloping structure with sealing member 8; Sealing lip is met to epitrochoidal chamber and actuator chamber one side, has under pressure from carrying out sealing effectiveness; The cylinder body 3 detachable cylinder caps 1 that are provided with, cylinder cap 1 is provided with seal ring 2, prevents to leak; Said epitrochoidal chamber 31 is formed between cylinder cap 1 and the piston 6, and said piston 6 and cylinder cap 1 are placed in the spring perch of preloading spring 4 with its radial location in being respectively equipped with and being used for, and guarantees the installation of preloading spring 4 and the in-use performance after the installation, avoids taking place failure phenomenon; As shown in the figure, said cylinder cap 1 be provided with coaxial stretch into cylinder body and with the cylinder cap head of its screw thread fit, the cylindrical of cylinder cap head is provided with the seal groove of embedded cylinder cap seal ring 2, the spring perch of cylinder cap 1 is arranged at the valve gap inboard, easy installation and removal is simple, good airproof performance.
In the present embodiment, epitrochoidal chamber 31 is provided with the output interface 12 that hydraulic pressure is exported to the front wheel brake assembly, and actuator chamber 32 is provided with the input interface 7 with the hydraulic pressure input, and is as shown in the figure, and input interface 7 all is positioned on the cylinder body with output interface 12, and is simple in structure, easy to use.
The invention also discloses a kind of motor bike of using the motorcycle brake device, said motor bike is equipped with the motorcycle brake device of the foregoing description.
Explanation is at last; Above embodiment is only unrestricted in order to the technical scheme of explanation the utility model; Although with reference to preferred embodiment the utility model is specified, those of ordinary skill in the art should be appreciated that and can make amendment or be equal to replacement the technical scheme of the utility model; And not breaking away from the aim and the scope of the utility model technical scheme, it all should be encompassed in the middle of the claim scope of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. motorcycle brake device is characterized in that: comprise front wheel brake assembly, trailing wheel brake assemblies and be used for the input brake hydraulic coupling and this brake fluid pressure is dispensed to the brake cylinder assembly that front wheel brake assembly and trailing wheel brake assemblies are converted into braking force.
2. motorcycle brake device according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said brake cylinder assembly comprises cylinder body and the piston that is positioned at cylinder body; The inner chamber of cylinder body is divided into the epitrochoidal chamber and the actuator chamber that is used for input hydraulic pressure and driven plunger compression work chamber that is used for hydraulic pressure output by piston, and said piston is provided with the piston rod that extends cylinder body vertically and its mechanical trip is exported; The mechanical trip that the hydraulic coupling of said epitrochoidal chamber output and piston rod are exported correspondence respectively acts on the front wheel brake assembly and the trailing wheel brake assemblies is converted into braking force.
3. motorcycle brake device according to claim 2; It is characterized in that: said piston is provided with the said piston rod of predetermincd tension that drives its return and through connecting rod assembly mechanical force is transported to the trailing wheel brake assemblies; Said connecting rod assembly comprises pipe link and lever; Said pipe link and piston rod are through being threaded and being used for the power point of activation lever, and the resistance point of said lever is used to drive the trailing wheel brake assemblies and accomplishes braking.
4. motorcycle brake device according to claim 3; It is characterized in that: also comprise the auxiliary piston that is positioned at inner chamber of cylinder block; Said auxiliary piston diameter less than diameter of piston and with piston at least axial restraint be connected, said actuator chamber is formed between piston and the auxiliary piston.
5. motorcycle brake device according to claim 4 is characterized in that: said piston rod epitrochoidal chamber dorsad extends cylinder body, and said auxiliary piston and piston rod axial restraint at least are connected.
6. motorcycle brake device according to claim 5 is characterized in that: the return predetermincd tension of said piston is applied by the preloading spring that is positioned at epitrochoidal chamber, and said pipe link connects drag-line through one and drives the power point that is connected in lever.
7. motorcycle brake device according to claim 3; It is characterized in that: the coaxial negative thread that is provided with of said pipe link; Piston rod is provided with the outside thread with this screw-internal thread fit, the pipe link end also be provided be used for piston rod lock onto pipe link jam nut.
8. motorcycle brake device according to claim 6 is characterized in that: said auxiliary piston cylindrical is provided with the seal groove of embedded seal ring; The detachable cylinder cap that is provided with of cylinder body, said epitrochoidal chamber is formed between cylinder cap and the piston, is placed in the spring perch of preloading spring with its radial location in said piston and cylinder cap are respectively equipped with and are used for.
9. motorcycle brake device according to claim 2 is characterized in that: epitrochoidal chamber is provided with the output interface that hydraulic pressure is exported to the front wheel brake assembly, and actuator chamber is provided with the input interface with the hydraulic pressure input.
10. motor bike of using the motorcycle brake device, it is characterized in that: said motor bike is equipped with the described motorcycle brake device of the arbitrary claim of claim 1 to 9.
CN 201220058715 2012-02-22 2012-02-22 Motorcycle braking device and motorcycle comprising the same Expired - Fee Related CN202541758U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220058715 CN202541758U (en) 2012-02-22 2012-02-22 Motorcycle braking device and motorcycle comprising the same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220058715 CN202541758U (en) 2012-02-22 2012-02-22 Motorcycle braking device and motorcycle comprising the same

Publications (1)

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CN202541758U true CN202541758U (en) 2012-11-21

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CN 201220058715 Expired - Fee Related CN202541758U (en) 2012-02-22 2012-02-22 Motorcycle braking device and motorcycle comprising the same

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102530167A (en) * 2012-02-22 2012-07-04 隆鑫通用动力股份有限公司 Combined brake system for motorcycle and motorcycle thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102530167A (en) * 2012-02-22 2012-07-04 隆鑫通用动力股份有限公司 Combined brake system for motorcycle and motorcycle thereof

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121121

Termination date: 20170222