CN202539703U - Aluminum alloy wheel deflashing machine - Google Patents

Aluminum alloy wheel deflashing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202539703U
CN202539703U CN2012200349659U CN201220034965U CN202539703U CN 202539703 U CN202539703 U CN 202539703U CN 2012200349659 U CN2012200349659 U CN 2012200349659U CN 201220034965 U CN201220034965 U CN 201220034965U CN 202539703 U CN202539703 U CN 202539703U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
turntable
alloy wheel
deflashing
wheel
aluminum alloy
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012200349659U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙惠学
王志松
向春霖
孙绍明
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QINHUANGDAO YANDA MODERN INTEGRATION MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
Original Assignee
QINHUANGDAO YANDA MODERN INTEGRATION MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
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Priority to CN2012200349659U priority Critical patent/CN202539703U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202539703U publication Critical patent/CN202539703U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an aluminum alloy wheel deflashing machine, and belongs to special type numerical control machining equipment for aluminum alloy wheels. The deflashing machine comprises a machine tool body, a rotary table, an automatic centering clamping device, a compressing disc, a cutter vertical movement mechanism and a cutter radial self-adapting feeding adhering mechanism; aiming at the production situations that a manual mode adopted generally at present is low in deflashing efficiency and poor in working condition, the aluminum alloy wheel deflashing machine is provided. With the adoption of the deflashing machine, the annular flash formed on a blank because of a clearance at a parting surface while an aluminum alloy wheel is cast in a mode of low pressure can be eliminated automatically; the principle of the deflashing is that a wheel blank clamped by the automatic centering clamping device on the rotary table above a working table is vertically compressed by the compressing disc installed at the upper part of the machine tool body; a driving device below the working table drives the rotary table and the wheel blank to rotate at a high speed; after a cutter vertically moves in place, a flash is completely peeled off because of the radial movement and the adhesion of the cutter, thereby the automatic elimination of the flash of the die-cast aluminum alloy wheel is realized.

Description

The aluminum-alloy wheel deburring machine
Technical field
The utility model is the aluminum-alloy wheel deburring machine, belongs to the aluminum-alloy wheel numerically controlled processing equipment, is specifically designed to the overlap of removing on the low pressure casting aluminum alloy wheel blanks outer surface.
Background technology
In the aluminum-alloy wheel press casting procedure; Because there is the gap in die joint; Can produce overlap on aluminium alloy compression casting blank surface, this can bring a lot of inconvenience to following process, particularly can cause the machined preface location that is installed inaccurate; Increase percent defective, also wheel rim spinning quality has been had very big harmful effect simultaneously.
Adopt manual method to remove overlap at present mostly, labour intensity is big, of poor quality, efficient is low.The aluminum-alloy wheel deburring machine of the utility model development is specifically designed to the overlap of removing on the low pressure casting aluminum alloy wheel blanks, can improve wheel hub following process yield rate, reduce labor intensity and boost productivity.This machine is specially adapted to the preliminary treatment before the die casting blank spinning in the aluminum-alloy wheel casting lathe turner skill, also is suitable for before the turning processing die casting blank the reorganizing and outfit of position that be installed.
Summary of the invention
To the aluminum-alloy wheel die casting blank deflashing technology of aforementioned outmoded backwardness, the purpose of the utility model is to realize automatic, quick, the accurately removal of aluminum-alloy wheel blank overlap.
The technical scheme of the utility model is: a kind of aluminum-alloy wheel deburring machine; Belong to the aluminum-alloy wheel numerically controlled processing equipment, comprise lathe bed, turntable, self-centering gripping mechanism, compression plate, cutter vertical movement mechanism and the feeding of the cutter radial self adaptation mechanism that reclines.Die casting wheel blanks self-centering clamping body is housed under the turntable, and the cutter radial self adaptation feeding mechanism that reclines is contained on the vertical slide, and knife rest can be swung around installation shaft.Turntable and self-centering gripping mechanism are arranged as follows: three equally distributed centering clamps are installed on the turntable that is positioned at the workbench top; The workbench below is installed one and is clamped cylinder, and its cylinder body links to each other with described three centering clamps respectively through swing arm.The turntable center is fixed in piston rod upper end with being threaded described clamping cylinder; Piston-rod lower end is equipped with two logical swivel joints.Two logical swivel joints are fixed on the lathe bed, and its inner core cooperates with piston-rod lower end, and have two pass in and out the gas apertures respectively with piston rod in lead to clamping upper chamber of air cylinder and cavity of resorption two apertures communicate.The outer shroud of the rolling bearing of turntable is fixed on the lathe bed, and ring is shaped on internal tooth in it, and is affixed with turntable.The internal tooth of ring and motor-driven pinion constitute gear pair in the rolling bearing.
Vertical feeding pressure mechanism is contained in the lathe bed top.The rotary pressure plate that contacts with aluminum-alloy wheel blank spoke upper surface of compression plate bottom is connected with the interior ring of floating bearing; The connecting plate on compression plate top is connected with the floating bearing outer shroud.The connecting plate middle part is connected with the piston rod of the clamping cylinder that is vertically mounted on lathe bed top; The connecting plate both sides are equipped with guide post respectively.
Two vertical guide rails and four sliding shoes that are mated are housed on the lathe bed, and this sliding shoe is connected with vertical slide, forms the cutter vertical movement mechanism.Arrange two horizontal guide rails on the vertical slide, a horizontal slide plate that matches is respectively arranged about on it, a knife rest arm all is installed on the horizontal slide plate, the knife rest that can swing is equipped with in knife rest arm end, and knife rest is equipped with and prevented the guide wheel cut.Horizontal slide plate, knife rest arm, knife rest and guide wheel are formed the cutter radial self adaptation feeding mechanism that reclines.
The beneficial effect of the utility model is: the self-centering that has realized aluminum-alloy wheel die casting blank deflashing process tightens, compresses fast, overlap is removed fast, and all technical process adopt digital control systems control.This deburring machine is aided with loading and unloading machine people, can form automatic assembly line.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the deburring machine front view;
Among the figure: 1. compression plate 2. clamping cylinders 3. guide posts 4. numerical-control motors 5. lathe beds 6. guide rails 7. vertical slides 8. horizontal slide plates 9. knife rest arms
Fig. 2 is the B – B view in the deburring machine front view;
Among the figure: 10. ring 15 cylinder bodies 16. drive units 17. 2 lead to ring in swivel joint 18. piston rods 19. outer shrouds 20. turntables 21. swing arms 22. outer shrouds 23. in the fairlead 11. rotary pressure plates 12. knife rests 13. centering clamps 14.
Fig. 3 is the C – C view in the deburring machine front view;
Among the figure: 24. sliding shoes, 25. ball-screws, 26. connecting plates, all the other marks such as preceding.
Fig. 4 is the front view of deburring machine slide plate knife rest arm member;
Among the figure: 27. cylinder 28. horizontal guide rails 29. guide wheels that radially recline, all the other marks such as preceding;
Fig. 5 is the vertical view of deburring machine slide plate knife rest arm member, mark such as preceding among the figure;
Fig. 6 is self-alignment cramping arrangement and turntable structure figure, mark such as preceding among the figure.
The specific embodiment
The technical scheme practical implementation of the utility model is following: numerical-control motor 4 and ball-screw 25 are equipped with in the back upper place of lathe bed 5; Compression plate 1, clamping cylinder 2 and the guide post 3 of aluminum-alloy wheel blank is equipped with in the place ahead.The rotary pressure plate 11 of compression plate 1 is connected with the interior ring 23 of floating bearing, and its outer shroud 22 is connected with connecting plate 26; Clamping cylinder 2 and guide post 3 are arranged in the middle part and the both sides of connecting plate 26, and fairlead 10 is fixed on the lathe bed top.Middle part indentation place of lathe bed 5 is provided with 6, four sliding shoes 24 of guide rail and can slides up and down along it.Vertical slide 7 is affixed with sliding shoe 24, arranges two horizontal guide rails 28 on it; Horizontal guide rail about 28 respectively has a horizontal slide plate 8 to be mated; Horizontal slide plate 8 all is fixed with knife rest arm 9.Knife rest 12 is installed in knife rest arm 9 ends, and knife rest 12 can be swung around installation shaft, and making cutter blade and bus is that non-directional rim surface keeps in touch; Knife rest 12 also is equipped with guide wheel 29, prevents to cut and avoid the inoperative part (entrance angle) of blade to injure rim surface.
On the bottom workbench of lathe bed 5 turntable 20 is housed, above evenly arrange that three gathering sills are centering clamp 13 guiding, centering clamp 13 is connected through the cylinder body 15 of swing arm 21 with the clamping cylinder.The piston rod 18 that clamps cylinder is a double-rod structure; Employing is threaded and its top is fixed in the center of turntable 20; The bottom cooperates with the inner core of the two logical swivel joints 17 that are fixed on lathe bed 5; Two two apertures that axial aperture communicates respectively with piston rod 18 are arranged on the inner core, and compressed air makes cylinder body 15 knee-actions through the upper and lower cavity that the aperture turnover clamps cylinder, drives centering clamps 13 through swing arm 21.The rolling bearing outer shroud 19 of turntable 20 is fixed on lathe bed 5, and 14 on the interior ring that is shaped on internal tooth is connected with turntable 20; Drive unit 16 drives pinion and the interior ring that has internal tooth 14 engagements, realizes the rotation of turntable 20.
During work; The pack alloy wheel blanks is positioned on the turntable 20; Compressed air makes it to move with the epicoele that one of piston rod 18 interior two axial aperture get into cylinder body 15 via two logical swivel joints 17; Drive the motion of centering clamp 13 centrifugal radial through swing arm 21, until the centering of aluminum-alloy wheel blank is radially tightened.Clamping cylinder 2 actions, it is descending fast to drive compression plate 1, and wheel blanks is vertically compressed.Turntable 20 rotates, and the rotary pressure plate 11 of compression plate 1 below rotates and remain impaction state synchronously.Numerical-control motor 4 receives the instruction startup, drives ball-screw 25, makes vertical slide 7 and go up the horizontal slide plate of installing 8 to move to removal overlap desired location together downward vertically with knife rest arm 9; Simultaneously; Send the action command of the cylinder 27 that radially reclines in good time; Horizontal slide plate 8 and on knife rest arm 9 move along horizontal guide rail 28, and can form the cutter radial self adaptation feeding mechanism that reclines jointly around the knife rest 12 of installation shaft swing, guarantee that cutter fits with the wheel blanks surface all the time.Guide wheel 29 is housed on the knife rest 12, can prevents that the inoperative part (entrance angle) of cutter from injuring rim surface.The power that reclines is produced by knife rest that contact with wheel blanks 12 and the cutter that the cylinder 27 of radially reclining that is installed on the vertical slide 7 promotes on horizontal slide plates 8 and then the pushing knife rest arm 9, adopts folding that proportional dump valve controls the cylinder 27 that radially reclines with the recline size of power of control.When the wheel blanks overlap of rotation on the turntable 20 time is removed with the cutter bump that is set in knife rest 12, recline mechanism and guide wheel 29 of cutter radial self adaptation feeding guaranteed all removals and do not injure rim surface of overlap.
The completion able to programme of above-mentioned embodiment has realized the automatic, quick, accurate, thorough and efficient of deflashing process.

Claims (7)

1. aluminum-alloy wheel deburring machine; Belong to the aluminum-alloy wheel numerically controlled processing equipment; Comprise lathe bed, turntable, self-centering gripping mechanism, compression plate, cutter vertical movement mechanism and the feeding of the cutter radial self adaptation mechanism that reclines, it is characterized in that: vertical feeding pressure mechanism is contained in the lathe bed top, and die casting wheel blanks self-centering clamping body is housed under the turntable; The cutter radial self adaptation feeding mechanism that reclines is contained on the vertical slide, and knife rest can be swung around installation shaft.
2. deburring machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: three equally distributed centering clamps are installed on the turntable; Described turntable is positioned on the workbench; Described workbench below is installed one and is clamped cylinder, and described clamping cylinder block links to each other with described three centering clamps respectively through swing arm.
3. deburring machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: the turntable center is fixed in the piston rod upper end with being threaded described clamping cylinder; Piston-rod lower end is equipped with two logical swivel joints; Described two logical swivel joints are fixed on the lathe bed; Its inner core cooperates with piston-rod lower end, described inner core have two turnover gas apertures respectively with piston rod in lead to clamp upper chamber of air cylinder and cavity of resorption two apertures communicate.
4. deburring machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the outer shroud of the rolling bearing of turntable is fixed on the lathe bed; Ring is affixed with turntable in it, and the interior ring of described rolling bearing is shaped on internal tooth, and described internal tooth and motor-driven pinion constitute gear pair.
5. deburring machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the rotary pressure plate that contacts with aluminum-alloy wheel blank spoke upper surface of compression plate is connected with the interior ring of floating bearing; The connecting plate of described compression plate is connected with the outer shroud of floating bearing; Described connecting plate middle part is connected with the piston rod of the clamping cylinder that is vertically mounted on lathe bed top, and described connecting plate both sides are equipped with guide post respectively.
6. according to the said deburring machine of claim 1; It is characterized in that: two vertical guide rails and four sliding shoes that are mated are housed on the lathe bed; Described sliding shoe connects vertical slide, arranges two horizontal guide rails on the described vertical slide, a horizontal slide plate is respectively arranged about on the described horizontal guide rail; A knife rest arm all is installed on the described horizontal slide plate, and the knife rest that can swing is equipped with in described knife rest arm end.
7. deburring machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: knife rest is equipped with and prevented the guide wheel cut.
CN2012200349659U 2012-02-04 2012-02-04 Aluminum alloy wheel deflashing machine Expired - Fee Related CN202539703U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200349659U CN202539703U (en) 2012-02-04 2012-02-04 Aluminum alloy wheel deflashing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200349659U CN202539703U (en) 2012-02-04 2012-02-04 Aluminum alloy wheel deflashing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202539703U true CN202539703U (en) 2012-11-21

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Family Applications (1)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102615355A (en) * 2012-02-04 2012-08-01 秦皇岛燕大现代集成制造技术开发有限公司 Aluminum alloy wheel edging machine
CN102921934A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-02-13 中信戴卡股份有限公司 Deflashing device for wheel blank
CN106271087A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 天津立中车轮有限公司 A kind of device cutting aluminum-alloy wheel blank overlap
CN106881849A (en) * 2017-04-01 2017-06-23 苏州星贝尔中空成型科技股份有限公司 A kind of multilayer intercepts bottle bottleneck and scrapes a mouthful device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102615355A (en) * 2012-02-04 2012-08-01 秦皇岛燕大现代集成制造技术开发有限公司 Aluminum alloy wheel edging machine
CN102615355B (en) * 2012-02-04 2015-03-04 秦皇岛燕大现代集成制造技术开发有限公司 Aluminum alloy wheel edging machine
CN102921934A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-02-13 中信戴卡股份有限公司 Deflashing device for wheel blank
CN106271087A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 天津立中车轮有限公司 A kind of device cutting aluminum-alloy wheel blank overlap
CN106881849A (en) * 2017-04-01 2017-06-23 苏州星贝尔中空成型科技股份有限公司 A kind of multilayer intercepts bottle bottleneck and scrapes a mouthful device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121121

Termination date: 20150204

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model