CN202534126U - Power transmission line intelligent monitoring device based on video differentiated technology - Google Patents

Power transmission line intelligent monitoring device based on video differentiated technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202534126U
CN202534126U CN 201220028109 CN201220028109U CN202534126U CN 202534126 U CN202534126 U CN 202534126U CN 201220028109 CN201220028109 CN 201220028109 CN 201220028109 U CN201220028109 U CN 201220028109U CN 202534126 U CN202534126 U CN 202534126U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
video
monitoring
transmission line
power transmission
wireless communication
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CN 201220028109
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王彦良
张国平
张体领
孔平
颜丙旗
刘宗杰
杨新
Original Assignee
山东电力集团公司济宁供电公司
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Priority to CN 201220028109 priority Critical patent/CN202534126U/en
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Publication of CN202534126U publication Critical patent/CN202534126U/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides a power transmission line intelligent monitoring device based on video differentiated technology. The power transmission line intelligent monitoring device based on the video differentiated technology includes a system monitoring auxiliary unit, a high-voltage power transmission line iron tower, a wireless communication network, an intelligent video recognition controller, a data base, a central processing computer and a monitoring center. The system monitoring auxiliary unit is installed on the high-voltage power transmission line iron tower, and is connected to the wireless communication network in a connection manner of wireless communication and connected to the central processing computer through the wireless communication network at the same time. The central processing computer connects with the monitoring center and the data base at the same time. The data base also connects with the intelligent video recognition controller. The system monitoring auxiliary unit functioning as an onsite monitoring terminal adopts a modularized design and includes an industrial camera, a video/audio, a central control panel, a video/image compressing module, a loudspeaker, a wireless communication module and a power source module composed of a solar cell and a storage battery. The power transmission line intelligent monitoring device based on the video differentiated technology provided by the utility model is simple in integral structure, convenient in installation, operation and usage, good in stability, and high in reliability.

Description

A kind of transmission line of electricity intelligence monitoring and controlling device based on video difference alienation technology
Technical field
The utility model relates to power technology transmission line of electricity state real-time analysis intelligence monitoring and controlling device, relates in particular to a kind of transmission line of electricity intelligence monitoring and controlling device based on video difference alienation technology.
Background technology
Along with since State Grid Corporation of China propose to build intelligent electrical network, the video monitoring technology has begun at home that power supply enterprise uses, to the indoor remote monitoring field condition condition of providing convenience.But, receiving the restriction of conventional video monitoring technology level and condition, the conventional video monitoring technology still needs artificial on-site supervision situation, and, data visual to the magnanimity of field monitor need manual work to check, differentiate.Be in situation about changing in 24 hours for the scene, the incident of a moment is ignored by the supervision personnel, still equipment failure possibly occur.For example, night, personnel were near shaft tower, and strong wind, snowfall accumulated ice situation appear in the circuit scene, as appear at certain period such as night, possibly be left in the basket.By the develop rapidly of current computer technology, on traditional long-distance video technology, develop a kind of research and application based on the technological transmission line of electricity intelligence monitoring and controlling device of video difference alienation, will bring revolutionary convenience to the circuit operation.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is; Overcome the weak point of prior art; A kind of transmission line of electricity intelligence monitoring and controlling device based on video difference alienation technology is provided; Make the operations staff can view near the field data transmission line of electricity and the shaft tower intuitively, and the intellectual analysis algorithm that embeds based on Surveillance center, to the behavior Realtime Alerts that jeopardizes electric power safety that takes place around transmission line of electricity state and the shaft tower; Help the generation that the work about electric power personnel in time take measures to prevent the electric power accident of being correlated with, guarantee the safe operation of transmission line of electricity.
The described a kind of transmission line of electricity intelligence monitoring and controlling device of the utility model based on video difference alienation technology; The system monitoring extension set, intermediate data transmission and the back-end data monitoring analysis center three parts that include as the field monitoring terminal are formed; Mainly be responsible for the collection of live video image as field monitoring terminal system monitoring unit; Back-end data monitoring analysis center is responsible for utilizing the intelligent video identification controller that is embedded into Surveillance center that the live video image through the intermediate data transmission is carried out analyzing and processing, and implements to report to the police according to setting threshold according to concrete condition.Specifically, this is implemented novel described a kind of transmission line of electricity intelligence monitoring and controlling device based on video difference alienation technology and includes system monitoring extension set, ultra-high-tension power transmission line iron tower, GPRS/CDMA wireless communication networks, intelligent video identification controller, database, center processing computing machine and Surveillance center.The system monitoring extension set is installed on the ultra-high-tension power transmission line iron tower, and the type of attachment with radio communication is connected to the GPRS/CDMA wireless communication networks simultaneously, is connected to the center processing computing machine by the GPRS/CDMA wireless communication networks.The center processing computing machine is connected with Surveillance center, is connected with database again simultaneously, and database is connected with the intelligent video identification controller again.Wherein the system monitoring extension set as the field monitoring terminal adopts modular design; Comprise industrial camera, video/audio decoder, central control board, video image compression module, loudspeaker, GPRS/CDMA wireless communication module and sun power and add the power module composition that accumulator is formed; Be responsible for collection, coding and the transmission of data such as on-the-spot sound, vision signal, alerting signal; The download of control signal and decoding realize the propaganda directed to communicate control of device of video camera and interlock.Intermediate data hop wherein utilizes the CDMA/GPRS cordless communication network, adopts the realization monitoring terminal and the data monitoring centre data transmission exchanges such as H.264 video compression technology of uniqueness.Internet can be inserted through network accesses such as ADSL in back-end data monitoring analysis center wherein; The data such as audio frequency and video that each client is sent are decoded, are stored and utilize the intelligent anti-theft algorithm of the software management system that is embedded into Surveillance center to realize video image is carried out automatic analyzing and processing; And adopt the mode of B/S on display, to show; In time situation about taking place is handled it, guarantee the safe operation of transmission line of electricity.
The present invention is based on the digital remote image processing techniques; With the computing machine is the center; In conjunction with photoelectric technology and Computer Image Processing and mode identification technology; Digital picture with intercepting in the video flowing that is sent to Surveillance center is a research object, realizes the comprehensive monitoring to phenomenons such as covering ice for insulator, circuit icing, lead windage yaw, conductor galloping, fire prevention, shaft tower antitheft, dense fog, moving object, constructions through the video image intelligent recognition technology, and in time reports to the police; For guaranteeing that the electric power enterprise production safety provides a kind of new accurate means directly perceived, has very important realistic meaning.The utility model one-piece construction is simple, installation and easy for operation, and good stability, reliability is high.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of transmission line of electricity intelligence monitoring and controlling device structural representation based on video difference alienation technology of the utility model.1-system monitoring extension set, 2-ultra-high-tension power transmission line iron tower, 3-CDMA/GPRS wireless communication networks, 4-intelligent video identification controller, 5-database, 6-center processing computing machine, 7-Surveillance center.
Embodiment
Existing with reference to accompanying drawing 1; Explain as follows in conjunction with embodiment: the described a kind of transmission line of electricity intelligence monitoring and controlling device of the utility model based on video difference alienation technology; The system monitoring extension set 1, intermediate data transmission and the back-end data monitoring analysis center three parts that include as the field monitoring terminal are formed; As the 1 main collection of being responsible for the live video image of field monitoring terminal system monitoring unit; Back-end data monitoring analysis center is responsible for utilizing the 4 pairs of live video images through the intermediate data transmission of intelligent video identification controller that are embedded into Surveillance center 7 to carry out analyzing and processing, and implements to report to the police according to setting threshold according to concrete condition.Specifically, this is implemented novel described a kind of transmission line of electricity intelligence monitoring and controlling device based on video difference alienation technology and includes system monitoring extension set 1, ultra-high-tension power transmission line iron tower 2, GPRS/CDMA wireless communication networks 3, intelligent video identification controller 4, database 5, center processing computing machine 6 and Surveillance center 7.System monitoring extension set 1 is installed on the ultra-high-tension power transmission line iron tower 2, and the type of attachment with radio communication is connected to GPRS/CDMA wireless communication networks 3 simultaneously, is connected to center processing computing machine 6 by GPRS/CDMA wireless communication networks 3.Center processing computing machine 6 is connected with Surveillance center 7, is connected with database 5 again simultaneously, and database 5 is connected with intelligent video identification controller 4 again.Wherein the system monitoring extension set 1 as the field monitoring terminal adopts modular design; Comprise industrial camera, video/audio decoder, central control board, video image compression module, loudspeaker, GPRS/CDMA wireless communication module and sun power and add the power module composition that accumulator is formed; Be responsible for collection, coding and the transmission of data such as on-the-spot sound, vision signal, alerting signal; The download of control signal and decoding realize the propaganda directed to communicate control of device of video camera and interlock.Intermediate data hop wherein utilizes the CDMA/GPRS cordless communication network, adopts realization monitoring terminal and data monitoring centre data transmission exchanges such as unique H.264 video compression technology.Internet can be inserted through network accesses such as ADSL in back-end data monitoring analysis center wherein; The data such as audio frequency and video that each client is sent are decoded, are stored and utilize the intelligent anti-theft algorithm of the software management system that is embedded into Surveillance center to realize video image is carried out automatic analyzing and processing; And adopt the mode of B/S on display, to show; In time situation about taking place is handled it, guarantee the safe operation of transmission line of electricity.The present invention is based on the digital remote image processing techniques; With the computing machine is the center; In conjunction with photoelectric technology and Computer Image Processing and mode identification technology; Digital picture with intercepting in the video flowing that is sent to Surveillance center is a research object, realizes the comprehensive monitoring to phenomenons such as covering ice for insulator, circuit icing, lead windage yaw, conductor galloping, fire prevention, shaft tower antitheft, dense fog, moving object, constructions through the video image intelligent recognition technology, and in time reports to the police; For guaranteeing that the electric power enterprise production safety provides a kind of new accurate means directly perceived, has very important realistic meaning.The utility model one-piece construction is simple, installation and easy for operation, and good stability, reliability is high.The IMAQ control module mainly comprises the integrated ccd video camera of high speed, megaphone, The Cloud Terrace, demoder, central control board and DSP compression module.Video compressing module wherein, central control board etc. are formed by the precise electronic components and parts, operate on the ultra-high-tension power transmission line iron tower, belong to the application of typical weak electricity system under the forceful electric power environment.Video camera has 80 prefabricated positions, and video camera and central control board carry out communication with the RS485 mode, can aim at prefabricated target automatically according to teleinstruction, as: insulator, lead, tower body, passage, surrounding enviroment etc.Central control board can be worked by Surveillance center's request startup video camera regularly; The automatic conversion of the mode of making a video recording at daytime and night and the control of The Cloud Terrace; When the theft accident takes place, start the on-the-spot megaphone work that is installed in, the vision signal that camera acquisition is arrived is through DSP compression module boil down to normative document.Watchdog circuit and power module; Native system adopts the power supply mode of accumulator being carried out floating charge with solar cell; Central control board regularly detects battery tension, if being lower than 6.8V then carries out floating charge, voltage is lower than 5.7V; Device will not start communication module and compression module work, and system normally moves with assurance.The characteristic of comparer, timer CD4060BE and accumulator and the solar panel of forming based on amplifier LM358 has designed detailed sun power and has added battery charge-discharge control circuit, charge protector of battery and battery over-discharge protection circuit.And adopt microprocessor that battery behavior is detected in real time, discharge and recharge control in strict accordance with the accumulator cell charging and discharging family curve, thereby prolonged the serviceable life of accumulator greatly.The supervising device central control board adopts the single-chip microcomputer of 16 risc architectures of super low-power consumption MSP430, and quiescent dissipation is lower than 1 milliampere, and average power consumption is lower than 9 milliamperes, guarantees equipment safety operation.Watchdog chip adopts the MAX639 of MAXIM company.MAX639 is power monitoring and the control circuit that is used for microprocessor system, and can be CPU provides reset signal, house dog supervision, reserve battery automatic switchover and power-fail to keep watch on.Except that under last, the power loss condition for microprocessor provide reset, these devices also have the reserve battery handoff functionality, to guarantee under power-down conditions, keeping power supply to the device that does not allow to cut off the power supply.The CDMA/GPRS wireless communication module, system adopts unique H.264 video compression technology by existing C DMA/GPRS network, transmission when realizing video/data.The CDMA/GPRS data transmission terminal is a CDMA/GPRS network-termination device; With the CDMA/GPRS communication technology and singlechip technology is core; Embedded ICP/IP protocol is accomplished the reception decoding that Surveillance center gives an order through Internet, the coding and the transmission of terminal return data automatically.It links to each other with concentrator through the RS-232 serial ports, through built-in flush bonding processor data is handled, and sends to the CDMA/GPRS network after the protocol encapsulation.Accomplish the communication function at system monitoring extension set and remote monitoring center through the CDMA/GPRS wireless communication module, with the transmission of assurance real time data and historical data and Surveillance center Long-distance Control to each system monitoring extension set.Video difference alienation analysis module comprises how much and image calculation functions such as all kinds of filtering, color analysis and how much, mathematic(al) manipulation, morphology computational analysis, correction, classification, identification, shape search.System has adopted matching algorithms such as elastic graph matching process, hidden markov model approach and neural net method, from second-rate image, identifies the care object; Through Canny, Obertscross, edge detection operators such as Prewitt and Sobel, the strict rim detection of realization location of pixels or even sub-pix distance; Video difference analytic system can be accomplished identification automatically to following running status, and concrete recognition function realizes as shown in Figure 3 comprising conductor galloping; The lead sag changes and the suspension foreign matter; Wire icing; The lead windage yaw; Covering ice for insulator; The potential safety hazard that shaft tower antitheft and construction bring.Monitoring center system software should be open institution, adopts the B/S mode, all can surf the web anywhere.Surveillance center receives the data of each system monitoring extension set, and data such as image, video are deposited in the database.In order to realize automatic video frequency identification to monitoring objective; In expert software, need embed corresponding intelligent video recognizer based on the theoretical calculation model of each monitored object; Make that this system can monitor on each shaft tower in real time, the video information of circuit; And, correctly reflect the state of monitored object through video identification algorithm and expert database, when precarious position, in time provide pre-alarm information; The user can consult the image document of anywhere at any time through system of expert software of Surveillance center, combining environmental information, and whether decision sends someone to make an inspection tour.Also can multiple image be compared, to observe around the circuit development trend like covering ice for insulator etc.

Claims (1)

1. transmission line of electricity intelligence monitoring and controlling device based on video difference alienation technology; It is characterized in that system monitoring extension set (1) is installed on the ultra-high-tension power transmission line iron tower (2); Type of attachment with radio communication is connected to GPRS/CDMA wireless communication networks (3) simultaneously, is connected to center processing computing machine (6) by GPRS/CDMA wireless communication networks (3); Center processing computing machine (6) is connected with Surveillance center (7), is connected with database (5) again simultaneously, and database (5) is connected with intelligent video identification controller (4) again.
CN 201220028109 2012-01-25 2012-01-25 Power transmission line intelligent monitoring device based on video differentiated technology CN202534126U (en)

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CN 201220028109 CN202534126U (en) 2012-01-25 2012-01-25 Power transmission line intelligent monitoring device based on video differentiated technology

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CN 201220028109 CN202534126U (en) 2012-01-25 2012-01-25 Power transmission line intelligent monitoring device based on video differentiated technology

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CN202534126U true CN202534126U (en) 2012-11-14

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105698848A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-06-22 杭州腾瑞电气有限公司 Intelligent ice and fire monitoring robot
CN109342908A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-02-15 国家电网有限公司 A kind of ice-coating pre-warning method based on observation insulator

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105698848A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-06-22 杭州腾瑞电气有限公司 Intelligent ice and fire monitoring robot
CN105698848B (en) * 2015-12-14 2018-03-30 杭州九极科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent ice thermal monitoring robot
CN109342908A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-02-15 国家电网有限公司 A kind of ice-coating pre-warning method based on observation insulator

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Granted publication date: 20121114

Termination date: 20160125