CN202482709U - Prefabricated floating slab ballast bed - Google Patents

Prefabricated floating slab ballast bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202482709U
CN202482709U CN2012200918950U CN201220091895U CN202482709U CN 202482709 U CN202482709 U CN 202482709U CN 2012200918950 U CN2012200918950 U CN 2012200918950U CN 201220091895 U CN201220091895 U CN 201220091895U CN 202482709 U CN202482709 U CN 202482709U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
prefabricated
short slab
isolation mounting
railway roadbed
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN2012200918950U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
白廷辉
毕湘利
尹学军
宋键
刘加华
平轶
王建立
刘扬
黄俊飞
董国宪
范利辉
孔祥斐
薛松
王乾安
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GERB (QINGDAO) VIBRATION CONTROL CO Ltd
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GERB (QINGDAO) VIBRATION CONTROL CO Ltd
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Priority to CN2012200918950U priority Critical patent/CN202482709U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202482709U publication Critical patent/CN202482709U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to railway ballast beds, and particularly relates to a prefabricated floating slab ballast bed. The prefabricated floating slab ballast bed comprises a floating slab and is characterized in that the floating slab is a prefabricated short slab with the length of 1.2-8m. Slab end vibration isolation devices are arranged below the end part of the slab body vertically arranged along the steel rail on the prefabricated short slab. At least two end vibration isolation devices are arranged at each end. The end vibration isolation devices are arranged between the prefabricated short slab and a foundation slab and are symmetrically arranged relative to a vertical middle section of the prefabricated short slab. The prefabricated short slabs are connected through a shearing hinge. According to the utility model, the prefabricated short slabs with the length of 1.2-8m are used for replacing the conventional floating slab with the length of 25m to realize prefabricated production and hoisting construction of the floating slabs, thereby improving the construction speed greatly, reducing the construction difficulty and saving the production cost, and the prefabricated floating slab ballast bed provided by the utility model is strong in practicality, safe and reliable, high in cost performance, and extremely wide in the market application prospect.

Description

A kind of prefabricated plate railway roadbed of floating
Technical field
The utility model belongs to railway ballast, especially relates to a kind of track structure of railway, specifically can be railway roadbeds such as railway, subway, city railway, elevated railway, high-speed railway.
Background technology
Vibration and noise are the most a kind of public hazards of influence surface that people generally acknowledge, also are the difficult problems that needs to be resolved hurrily that the development of track traffic is in recent years faced.In the noise reduction technology of existing track traffic; What practical application was the most successful is the member livitation; Be typically floating ballast bed technology, its vibration isolation efficiency is high, stable work in work; Become common recognition in the industry, for example the patent No. is the disclosed built-in type floating track bed structure of Chinese patent of ZL200410035441.1.But existing floating ballast bed construction period is generally longer, and the standard plate length of floating is 25m, and the speed of all in the tunnel, constructing the earliest can only realize that on average each working group accomplishes 5m every day; Then earthing, Shen, Shanghai Inland Steel and Qingdao at a distance from and solid company develops precast reinforced cage construction technology jointly; Promptly behind the good reinforcing cage of ground elder generation colligation again lifting get into the job practices of carrying out concrete spouting in the tunnel, the job schedule of each working group every day is brought up to about 30m.Because the reinforcing cage size is bigger; Often need on the tunnel, offer special passage when in the tunnel, transporting, very inconvenience, in addition; Though the reinforcing cage construction method has significantly improved construction speed; But still can not satisfy the requirement of engineering construction duration well, many subway vibration isolation location can't be satisfied to yield and uses floating ballast bed vibration isolation technique, the hidden danger that causes vibration to disturb residents because of the duration.The efficient job practices of some prefabricated forms is arranged at other field at present, for example generally adopted the prefabricate body of a bridge in the elevated bridge construction, the technical method of on-site hoisting construction has significantly improved speed of application then.But one of the plate of floating of traditional 25m length weighs more than 70 tons, and the supporting capacity of lifting vehicle has only 10 tons in the existing tunnel, differs too big, integral prefabricated can't the transportation; Even can transport, because narrow space in the tunnel, majority is the curve location, and prefabricated long slab is difficult to adapt to the polytropic curve key element, so the precast plate technology can't be used in the floating ballast bed engineering construction of steel spring floating slab this type some supporting always.How further to improve speed of application, become the difficult problem in the industry that the floating ballast bed technology of restriction is further applied.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to overcome above-mentioned defective, and a kind of traffic safety and damping ring guaranteed request of both can having guaranteed is provided, and can realize the prefabricated board member of floating again, the plate railway roadbed thereby the prefabricated that significantly improves speed of application is floated.
The utility model prefabricated plate railway roadbed of floating is to realize like this; Comprise the plate of floating, the plate that it is characterized in that floating is for being the prefabricated short slab of 1.2~8m along the rail longitudinal length, and prefabricated short slab is provided with plate end isolation mounting in below, plate body end longitudinally along rail; Every end is provided with two at least; Plate end isolation mounting is arranged between prefabricated short slab and the basis, and plate end isolation mounting is symmetrical in vertical midship section setting of prefabricated short slab, utilizes shear hinge to link to each other between the prefabricated short slab.
In order to improve stationarity, reduce the quantity of plate end isolation mounting simultaneously, can utilize a plate end isolation mounting to support the end of two adjacent prefabricated short slabs simultaneously.In addition; In order to control the plate body deflection of prefabricated short slab; The utility model prefabricated is floated and can also be set up the elastic vibration isolation device in the plate railway roadbed and be used to support prefabricated short slab; The elastic vibration isolation device is built in the prefabricated short slab or places prefabricated short slab below, also is provided with between prefabricated short slab and the elastic vibration isolation device and heightens pad, and prefabricated short slab is by plate end isolation mounting and the common elastomeric bearing of elastic vibration isolation device.Accordingly, the reservation through hole that holds the elastic vibration isolation device is set on the plate body of prefabricated short slab, reserves through-hole wall and fixedly install joint sheeve, the resettlement groove that holds the elastic vibration isolation device perhaps is set on the plate body of prefabricated short slab.In addition, when using plate end isolation mounting and elastic vibration isolation device simultaneously, preferred, the vertical stiffness of a plate end isolation mounting is 1.5~5 times of an elastic vibration isolation device vertical stiffness.This be because, for same prefabricated short slab end largest amount of subsidence, the strong point is outer more just saves flexible member more, helps reducing cost, this vertical stiffness distribution technique heterogeneous can play a multiplier effect, economy is better.
Said plate end isolation mounting comprises flexible member and damping element, and flexible member and damping element are arranged between the top board and base plate of plate end isolation mounting, plate end level is set to stopping means on the top board.Need to prove; When a plate end isolation mounting supports the end of two adjacent prefabricated short slabs simultaneously; In order to make plate end isolation mounting the enabling capabilities of contiguous prefabricated short slab is realized basis equalization; Flexible member and damping element that is to say along the horizontal midship section symmetric arrangement of plate end isolation mounting, and the quantity that the elasticity that guarantees every prefabricated short slab below does not as far as possible have part and damping element is identical.At this, the bearing of trend in slit is identical between the horizontal and contiguous prefabricated short slab of said plate end isolation mounting.The flexible member in the plate end isolation mounting and the concrete form of damping element can be varied, and for example flexible member can be helical steel springs, dish spring, rubber spring, polyurethane spring, metal rubber and plastic complex spring or air spring; Damping element comprises viscous type damper, orifice restriction type damper or macromolecular material solid damping element, and wherein macromolecular material solid damping element specifically can be rubber high damping element or polyurethane high damping element etc.It is to be noted that especially flexible member and damping element also can become one, for example adopt the rubber spring of high resiliency, high damping, both used, also use simultaneously as damping element as flexible member.
Change the consideration of plate end isolation mounting from making full use of space and convenient for maintaining; The utility model prefabricated is floated in the plate railway roadbed; Prefabricated short slab is provided with the installation gap of plate end isolation mounting in the plate body end longitudinally along rail; Install opening position be provided with plate end level to the corresponding side elevation of stopping means, can realize the dress of plate end isolation mounting is got through the installation gap.Said plate end level comprises plate end cross spacing device to stopping means, and plate end cross spacing device keeps off on the side elevation that leans against contiguous prefabricated short slab end or installs on the side elevation of opening position.Said plate end level also comprises plate end longitudinal spacing device to stopping means, and plate end longitudinal spacing device keeps off on the side elevation that leans against contiguous prefabricated short slab end or installs on the side elevation of opening position.
During practical application, the structure of plate end level plate end cross spacing device and plate end longitudinal spacing device in stopping means also can be varied.For example, plate end cross spacing device can be protruding for the cross spacing that is provided with on the plate end isolation mounting top board; Plate end cross spacing device also can be made up of cross spacing plate, adjusting bolt and lock nut; Plate end cross spacing device can also and transfer the crack pad to constitute by cross spacing plate, adjusting bolt.Plate end longitudinal spacing device can be made up of longitudinal spacing plate, adjusting bolt and lock nut, or is made up of longitudinal spacing plate, adjusting bolt and accent crack pad; Plate end longitudinal spacing device also can be that the longitudinal spacing that is provided with on the plate end isolation mounting top board is protruding; Plate end longitudinal spacing device can also be made up of longitudinal spacing spare and locking cushion block, comprises gathering sill on the longitudinal spacing spare, and the locking cushion block is arranged in the gathering sill.For easy to adjust, the locking cushion block is made up of at least two son locking cushion blocks, and according to actual needs, the thickness of different son locking cushion blocks can be identical, also can be different.In addition, in the plate end isolation mounting of the utility model, inner horizontal can also be set to stopping means between top board and the base plate, preferred, inner horizontal becomes one to the damping element of stopping means and plate end isolation mounting.Certainly; The level that is provided with between also can prefabricated short slab independently is to stopping means; As a kind of typical structure; Independently level can be made up of limited post and bolster to stopping means, and limited post is fixed on the basis and goes up or be integral with basis instrument, and bolster is arranged between limited post and the prefabricated short slab.
For compensate for clearance, avoid the damage and prevent can cushion pad be set at prefabricated short slab and plate end level between stopping means by noise.In addition, adjust and eliminate the gap for ease, prefabricated short slab and plate end level can also be provided with between stopping means transfers the crack backing plate.
For the purpose of safety; The vertical stopping means of spring failure can also be set in the plate end isolation mounting; After preventing the unexpected inefficacy of spring, the excessive major hidden danger of forming for the rail vehicle operation security of prefabricated short slab deflection is for guaranteeing to realize above-mentioned purpose; In general, the spacing stroke of the vertical stopping means of spring failure is less than 10mm.In the practical application,, reduce product cost, can the damper of vertical stopping means of spring failure and plate end isolation mounting be become one for simplified structure.For example; Damping element in the plate end isolation mounting is viscous shearing type damper or shearing-type macromolecular material solid damper; It is made up of damping material, plunger and damping urceolus; Fit clearance between the fit clearance between the base plate of suitable control plunger and plate end isolation mounting or the top board of damping urceolus and plate end isolation mounting; Make fit clearance satisfy the technical requirements of stroke, promptly can realize the damper of vertical stopping means of spring failure and plate end isolation mounting is become one less than 10mm.
Linkage can be set between plate end isolation mounting and basis play in use take place to prevent plate end isolation mounting; The structure of linkage is varied; For example linkage specifically can be that the corresponding stone bolt that is provided with is gone up on connecting through hole and the basis that is provided with on the plate end isolation mounting base plate; Utilize stone bolt can realize plate end isolation mounting is fixed on the basis through connecting through hole; Certainly based on this principle, linkage also can be that the corresponding alignment pin that is provided with is gone up on the connecting through hole and the basis that are provided with on the base plate, utilizes alignment pin to cooperate with connecting through hole and realizes plate end isolation mounting is fixed on the basis; Linkage also can be between plate end isolation mounting base plate and basis, mechanical brakeman to be set; Linkage can also be the base plate bottom surface be provided with to the outstanding positioning convex of basic direction, positioning convex can be the concrete forms such as pyramidal spine that utilize spot welding to pile.In addition, in order to realize the spacing of plate end isolation mounting better, can also be provided for the preformed groove of buck plate end isolation mounting in the plate body end longitudinally along rail at prefabricated short slab.
For the ease of adjusting the working depth of prefabricated short slab, between plate end isolation mounting and the prefabricated short slab height adjusting cushion plate can also be set, through the thickness of adjustment height adjusting cushion plate, realize heightening and leveling of prefabricated short slab.When prefabricated short slab during by plate end isolation mounting and elastic vibration isolation device together support; Not only need adjust the thickness of height adjusting cushion plate between plate end isolation mounting and the prefabricated short slab; Also want to heighten the thickness of pad between prefabricated short slab of corresponding adjustment and the elastic vibration isolation device, and then could realize heightening and leveling of prefabricated short slab fully.In addition, in order to optimize the stressed of prefabricated short slab, plate end isolation mounting and elastic vibration isolation device, can utilize prefabricated short slab and plate end longitudinal spacing device to constitute at least two along the vertical gapless plate group of floating of rail, floating is provided with the shrinkage joint between the plate group.In general, the length of the plate group of floating is identical with the length of a row railcar or slightly long, by present train length, generally about 25m.
Be noted that especially; Plate end level described in the utility model is to stopping means, and wherein the implication of " level to " is not to refer to traditional horizontal direction, but refers in particular to the residing in-plane of two one steel rail treads of same circuit; This plane does not overlap with the conventional horizontal direction under given conditions; For example, when the curved section of track, itself and conventional horizontal direction just present certain included angle.
Float whether comprise the elastic vibration isolation device in the plate railway roadbed according to the utility model prefabricated, its job practices is different.Specifically comprise the steps:
(1) according to design drawing in the surface production field the prefabricated short slab of made;
(2) on the railway roadbed basis, mark the plan-position of prefabricated short slab and plate end isolation mounting;
(3) plate end isolation mounting is placed in the precalculated position, measures plate end isolation mounting end face absolute altitude, in case of necessity, require to place the height adjusting cushion plate of suitable thickness according to this place's design elevation on the top board surface;
(4) maintenance is good prefabricated short slab is transported to the job location, utilizes the lifting haulage device to be transported near the predetermined putting position again;
(5) prefabricated short slab is placed on the plate end isolation mounting plan-position of adjusting prefabricated short slab;
(6) through measuring the absolute altitude of prefabricated short slab end face datum, the gross thickness of the height adjusting cushion plate that is provided with between adjustment plate end isolation mounting and the prefabricated short slab realizes heightening and leveling of prefabricated short slab;
(7) assembling and the physical dimension of accomplishing rail and fastener are adjusted;
(8) utilize shear hinge that contiguous prefabricated short slab is linked together, constitute railway roadbed;
(9) after the supporting facility that other continue to be installed on railway roadbed, promptly obtain the said prefabricated plate railway roadbed of floating.
Another job practices that the utility model prefabricated is floated the plate railway roadbed specifically comprises the steps:
(1) according to design drawing in the surface production field the prefabricated short slab of made;
(2) on the railway roadbed basis, mark the plan-position of prefabricated short slab and plate end isolation mounting;
(3) plate end isolation mounting is placed in the precalculated position, measures plate end isolation mounting end face absolute altitude, in case of necessity, require to place the height adjusting cushion plate of suitable thickness according to this place's design elevation on the top board surface;
(4) maintenance is good prefabricated short slab is transported to the job location, utilizes the lifting haulage device to be transported near the predetermined putting position again;
(5) prefabricated short slab is placed on the plate end isolation mounting plan-position of adjusting prefabricated short slab;
(6) the elastic vibration isolation device is installed, between elastic vibration isolation device and support stop, is provided with and heightens pad,, realize heightening and leveling of prefabricated short slab through adjusting height adjusting cushion plate and the thickness of heightening pad respectively;
(7) assembling and the physical dimension of accomplishing rail and fastener are adjusted;
(8) utilize shear hinge that prefabricated short slab is linked together, constitute railway roadbed;
(9) after the supporting facility that other continue to be installed on railway roadbed, promptly obtain the said prefabricated plate railway roadbed of floating.
Compared with prior art, the utility model prefabricated plate railway roadbed of floating has following characteristics:
(1) will the float length of plate foreshortens to 1.2~8m from traditional 25m, solves thoroughly that present tunnel space is limited to carry not enough problem with lifting device, and transportation and lifting are all very convenient quick;
(2) plate of floating adopts prefabricated short slab; It is prefabricated that its manufacturing process changes ground into by perfusion in traditional tunnel, and manufacturing process no longer receives the restriction in space in the tunnel, has saved the maintenance stand-by period; Improved production efficiency greatly; Production cycle significantly shortens, and difficulty of processing reduces greatly, and product quality guarantees more easily;
(3) below adjacent prefabricated short slab plate end, be provided with plate end isolation mounting; Improved local supporting capacity on the one hand; Overcome the prefabricated short slab of monolithic tradition floated that weight lightens behind the plate contraction in length; The other end was easy to generate and turns over the harmful effect of sticking up when vehicle got into from an end, had limited the distortion of rail; On the other hand, the plate end level that is provided with on the plate end isolation mounting to stopping means effectively in the limiting vehicle running, the rocking of prefabricated short slab under the floating state, therefore can guarantee traveling security, stability and comfortableness;
(4) examination shop experiment shows, the float speed of application of plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated can realize that each working group accomplishes more than the 50m every day, and efficiency of construction has obtained greatly promoting;
(5) plate of floating adopts prefabricated short slab, in the tunnel, can realize from any one construction inlet during transportation, does not need special transport channel is set again, and is convenient, also more economical;
(6) plate end isolation mounting is arranged on the plate end of prefabricated short slab; For identical plate end largest amount of subsidence; The plate end that isolation mounting is provided with prefabricated short slab plate body is compared with being arranged on other positions of plate body, and the load-carrying properties of isolation mounting are brought into play more fully, and required flexible member is minimum; Stability is also better, and cost performance is higher.
In sum, the utility model prefabricated is floated, and to utilize length be that the prefabricated short slab of 1.2~8m substitutes the long plate of floating of traditional 25m to the plate railway roadbed, and the prefabricated production of the plate of having realized floating is constructed with type hoisting; Through plate end isolation mounting is set between contiguous prefabricated short slab; Utilize plate end level to stopping means realized prefabricated short slab vertically and cross spacing, utilize shear hinge to realize vertical connection and power transmission between the prefabricated short slab again, thereby ensured stability and the safety when driving of floating ballast bed structure; Improved speed of application greatly; Help the further reduction of erection time, reduce difficulty of construction, save production cost.The utility model prefabricated plate railway roadbed of floating not only guarantees workmanship more easily, and helps further improving speed of application, has advantages such as practical and easy to operate, and it is practical, and is safe and reliable, and cost performance is higher, and market application foreground is very wide.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the float structural representation of plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated among the embodiment one.
Fig. 2 is the float structural representation of prefabricated short slab in the plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated shown in Figure 1.
Fig. 3 is the float structural representation of plate end isolation mounting in the plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated shown in Figure 1.
Fig. 4 is the vertical view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the C portion enlarged drawing of Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 7 is the B-B sectional view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of prefabricated short slab among the embodiment two.
Fig. 9 is the float structural representation of plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated of using prefabricated short slab shown in Figure 8.
Figure 10 is the float structural representation of plate end isolation mounting in the plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated shown in Figure 9.
Figure 11 is the vertical view of Figure 10.
Figure 12 is the D portion enlarged drawing of Fig. 9.
Figure 13 is the E-E sectional view of Fig. 9.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of plate end isolation mounting among the embodiment three.
Figure 15 is the vertical view of Figure 14.
Figure 16 is the float structural representation of plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated of using plate end isolation mounting shown in Figure 14.
Figure 17 is not for comprising the structural representation of the plate end isolation mounting of plate end longitudinal spacing device among the embodiment four.
Figure 18 is the vertical view of Figure 17.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of longitudinal spacing spare among the embodiment four.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of locking cushion block among the embodiment four.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the plate end isolation mounting behind the assembled plate end longitudinal spacing device among the embodiment four.。
Figure 22 is the float structural representation of plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated among the embodiment four.
Figure 23 is the G portion enlarged drawing of Figure 22.
Figure 24 is the float structural representation of plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated among the embodiment five.
Figure 25 is the float structural representation of prefabricated short slab in the plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated shown in Figure 24.
Figure 26 is the float structural representation of plate end isolation mounting in the plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated shown in Figure 24.
Figure 27 is the vertical view of Figure 26.
Figure 28 is the H portion enlarged drawing of Figure 24.
Figure 29 is that the J of Figure 24 is to view.
Figure 30 is the float structural representation of plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated among the embodiment six.
Figure 31 is the structural representation of prefabricated short slab among the embodiment seven.
Figure 32 is the float structural representation of plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated of using prefabricated short slab shown in Figure 31.
Figure 33 is the float structural representation of plate end isolation mounting in the plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated shown in Figure 32.
Figure 34 is the vertical view of Figure 33.
Figure 35 is the float unit construction principle figure of plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated shown in Figure 32.
Figure 36 is the K portion enlarged drawing of Figure 32.
Figure 37 is the float structural representation of plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated among the embodiment eight.
Figure 38 is the float structural representation of prefabricated short slab in the plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated shown in Figure 37.
Figure 39 is the left view of Figure 38.
Figure 40 is the float structural representation of plate end isolation mounting in the plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated shown in Figure 37.
Figure 41 is the vertical view of Figure 40.
Figure 42 is the L portion enlarged drawing of Figure 37.
Figure 43 is the M-M sectional view of Figure 42.
Figure 44 is the structural representation of prefabricated short slab among the embodiment nine.
Figure 45 is the left view of Figure 44.
Figure 46 is the float structural representation of plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated of using prefabricated short slab shown in Figure 44.
Figure 47 is the float structural representation of plate end isolation mounting in the plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated shown in Figure 46.
Figure 48 is the vertical view of Figure 47.
Figure 49 is the N portion enlarged drawing of Figure 46.
Figure 50 is the structural representation of plate end isolation mounting among the embodiment ten.
Figure 51 is the upward view of Figure 50.
Figure 52 is the float structural representation of plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated of using plate end isolation mounting shown in Figure 50.
Figure 53 is the float structural representation of prefabricated short slab in the plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated shown in Figure 52.
Figure 54 is the P portion enlarged drawing of Figure 52.
Figure 55 is the float structural representation of plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated among the embodiment 11.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment one
Like float one section typical structure of plate railway roadbed of Fig. 1, Fig. 6 and the utility model prefabricated shown in Figure 7; Prefabricated short slab to adopt structure shown in Figure 2 is an example as the plate of floating; Prefabricated short slab length is 3.57m; Integrated setting has anchoring piece 9 on the prefabricated short slab, in addition, also is provided with four on the every prefabricated short slab and reserves through hole 8; Prefabricated short slab is provided with the installation gap 60 of plate end isolation mounting in the plate body end longitudinally along rail, and prefabricated short slab is provided for the preformed groove 61 of placing plate end isolation mounting in below, plate body end longitudinally along rail.For the ease of explanation, be 1,2 and 3 with prefabricated short slab number consecutively, below in conjunction with analysing and observe of prefabricated short slab 2 specified the float structure of plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated.Like Fig. 1 and shown in Figure 7; Rail 17 is arranged on the prefabricated short slab; Be fixed on the prefabricated short slab through the rail fastening (not shown); Every prefabricated short slab gives elastomeric bearing by four built-in vibration-isolating devices 5 and four plate end isolation mountings 6, and adjacent prefabricated short slab is realized vertically connecting through shear hinge 4 again, and then is spliced into the utility model prefabricated plate railway roadbed of floating.Wherein, As shown in Figure 7; Built-in vibration-isolating device 5 comprises integrated setting joint sheeve 22 on reservation through hole 8 inwalls of elastic vibration isolation device 25 and prefabricated short slab; Elastic vibration isolation device 25 is bearing on the support stop 23 that fixedly installs in the joint sheeve 22 through heightening pad 24, thereby realizing being built in the prefabricated short slab and to prefabricated short slab gives elastomeric bearing.
The concrete structure of plate end isolation mounting 6 such as Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 4; Comprise flexible member 12 and damping element 13; Flexible member 12 and damping element 13 are arranged between the top board 10 and base plate 11 of plate end isolation mounting; Flexible member 12 is specially eight helical steel springs in this example, and damping element 13 is specially the shearing damper of viscous, and flexible member 12 and damping element 13 are along the horizontal midship section symmetric arrangement of plate end isolation mounting.In addition, plate end level also is set to stopping means on the top board 10, plate end level is made up of plate end cross spacing device and plate end longitudinal spacing device to stopping means.Wherein, plate end cross spacing device is the fixing cross spacing convexity 14 of welding on the top board 10, and the side elevation 80 that gap 60 places are installed in protruding 14 corresponding diagram 2 of cross spacing is provided with; Plate end longitudinal spacing device is the fixing longitudinal spacing convexity 15 of welding on the top board 10, and the side elevation 81 of prefabricated short slab end is provided with in protruding 15 corresponding diagram 2 of longitudinal spacing.
Being applied between prefabricated short slab 1 and 2 with plate end isolation mounting is example; Like Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and shown in Figure 6; During application; Plate end isolation mounting is supporting the adjacent panel end of prefabricated short slab 1 and 2 simultaneously, and the cross spacing in the plate end isolation mounting protruding 14 retaining respectively leans against on the side elevation 80 of prefabricated short slab 1 and 2 ends installation opening position, and the longitudinal spacing in the plate end isolation mounting protruding 15 retaining respectively leans against on the side elevation 81 of prefabricated short slab 1 and 2 ends.The gap that the panel vibration of floating during for compensation work produces; Avoid damage simultaneously and prevent noise; Between the side elevation 80 of cross spacing protruding 14 and prefabricated short slab 1 and 2 cushion pad 18 that elastomeric material is processed is set, between the side elevation 81 of longitudinal spacing protruding 15 and prefabricated short slab 1 and 2 cushion pad 19 that elastomeric material is processed is set.Can be clearly seen that from Fig. 5; Each plate end isolation mounting is supporting two adjacent prefabricated short slabs simultaneously; This also is requirement flexible member 12 and damping element 13 reason along the horizontal midship section symmetric arrangement of plate end isolation mounting, exactly maybe be consistent in order to guarantee that elastomeric bearing to every prefabricated short slab overcomes.Plate end isolation mounting is arranged between prefabricated short slab and the basis 21; Each end of prefabricated short slab is provided with two; Vertical midship section of two prefabricated short slabs in plate end isolation mounting edge is symmetrical set; And each plate end isolation mounting supports two adjacent prefabricated short slabs simultaneously, and plate end isolation mounting is arranged on the below of prefabricated short slab 2 ends, in order to prevent plate end isolation mounting play takes place in use; After the positioned, utilize stone bolt 20 plate end isolation mounting and basis 21 to be fixed together through the connecting through hole 16 that is provided with on the base plate 11.Adjust the working depth of prefabricated short slab for ease, between the top board 10 of plate end isolation mounting and prefabricated short slab, also be provided with the height adjusting cushion plate 7 that is used to adjust height.Like this; The prefabricated short slab of each piece is supported by four elastic vibration isolation device 25 and four plate end isolation mountings 6 that are positioned under the plate that are built in the plate body respectively jointly; Thereby leave basic 21 surfaces, form floating struction, heighten the thickness of pad 24 and height adjusting cushion plate 7 through adjustment and can realize heightening of prefabricated short slab and leveling; Link to each other through shear hinge 4 again between adjacent prefabricated short slab; Shear hinge 4 is fastened on respectively on the anchoring piece 9 of contiguous prefabricated short slab, realizes the power transmission between the contiguous prefabricated short slab, and then constitutes the utility model prefabricated plate railway roadbed of floating.During maintenance panel end isolation mounting 6, can realize taking out or load plate end isolation mounting 6 through gap 60 is installed, need not dismantle rail in the process, therefore utilize the skylight time of rail vehicle operation just can accomplish by instruments such as jack, very convenient.
During concrete the construction, can construct according to following steps:
(1) according to design drawing in the surface production field the prefabricated short slab of made;
(2) on the railway roadbed basis, mark the plan-position of prefabricated short slab and plate end isolation mounting;
(3) plate end isolation mounting 6 is placed in the precalculated position, measures plate end isolation mounting end face absolute altitude, in case of necessity, require to place the height adjusting cushion plate 7 of suitable thickness according to this place's design elevation on the top board surface;
(4) maintenance is good prefabricated short slab is transported to the job location, utilizes the lifting haulage device to be transported near the predetermined putting position again;
(5) prefabricated short slab is placed on the plate end isolation mounting plan-position of adjusting prefabricated short slab;
(6) elastic vibration isolation device 25 is installed, between elastic vibration isolation device 25 and support stop 23, is provided with and heightens pad 24,, realize heightening and leveling of prefabricated short slab through adjusting height adjusting cushion plate 7 and the thickness of heightening pad 24 respectively;
(7) assembling and the physical dimension of accomplishing rail 17 and fastener (not specifically illustrating among the figure) are adjusted;
(8) utilize shear hinge 4 that prefabricated short slab is linked together, constitute railway roadbed;
(9) after the supporting facility that other continue to be installed on railway roadbed, promptly obtain the said prefabricated plate railway roadbed of floating.
This routine described the utility model prefabricated plate railway roadbed of floating, utilizing length is that the prefabricated short slab of 3.57m substitutes the long plate of floating of traditional 25m, type hoisting is constructed in the prefabricated production of the plate of having realized floating and the tunnel; Through plate end isolation mounting is set between contiguous prefabricated short slab; Utilize plate end level to stopping means realized prefabricated short slab vertically and cross spacing, utilize shear hinge to realize vertical connection and power transmission between the prefabricated short slab again, thereby ensured stability and the safety when driving of floating ballast bed structure; Improved speed of application greatly; Help the further reduction of erection time, reduce difficulty of construction, save production cost.The utility model prefabricated plate railway roadbed of floating is practical, safe and reliable, and cost performance is higher, and market application foreground is very wide.
It is to be noted; This example with whole employing length be 3.57m, to be provided with four prefabricated short slabs of reserving through holes 8 be that example describes as the plate of floating; In the practical application, the length of prefabricated short slab can suitably change according to requirement of engineering, but for the ease of in the tunnel, carrying out the handling construction; Take into account simultaneously to offer and reserve behind the through hole the influence of plate body intensity, in general the length of prefabricated short slab is controlled in 2~8m scope.In addition, different according to the length of prefabricated short slab, the reservation number of openings that is provided with on the plate body also can suitably change, and for example for the long prefabricated short slab of 2m, can on plate body, be provided with two and reserve through hole 8; For the long prefabricated short slab of 6m, can on plate body, be provided with eight and reserve through hole 8.In addition, be noted that and in same section the utility model prefabricated floated the plate railway roadbed, also can adopt the prefabricated short slab of different length.
In this routine technical scheme is described; With flexible member 12 is helical steel springs; Damping element 13 is that example describes for the shearing damper of viscous; In practical application, the concrete form of flexible member and damping element can be varied, and for example flexible member can be other steel springs, rubber spring, rubber-metal complex spring, polyurethane spring or air springs etc. such as dish spring; Damping element can be viscous type damper or orifice restriction type damper, can also be macromolecular material solid damping element, the damping element that for example directly is made up of solid damping materials such as high-damping rubber or high-damping polyurethanes.It is to be noted that especially flexible member and damping element also can become one, for example adopt the rubber spring of high resiliency, high damping, promptly use, also use simultaneously as damping element as flexible member.As long as can satisfy the needs of vibration isolation, can be applied among the utility model.In addition, for the ease of implementing height adjustment, height adjusting cushion plate 7 also polylith can be set, and thickness also can be different with to heighten pad 24 the same.
In this example; Utilize stone bolt 20 plate end isolation mounting and basis 21 to be fixed together through the connecting through hole 16 that is provided with on the base plate 11; In practical application; Also can utilize the upward corresponding alignment pin that is provided with of connecting through hole and basis that is provided with on the base plate to cooperate the two is fixed together, also can play same effect, accompanying drawing is explained no longer in addition.
Embodiment two
The utility model prefabricated as shown in Figure 9 plate railway roadbed of floating; Be with the difference of embodiment one; The prefabricated short slab that adopts structure shown in Figure 8 is as floating plate; Every prefabricated short slab is provided with four resettlement grooves 27 that cooperate with the elastic vibration isolation device, is symmetrically arranged with the shear hinge 31 of two middle-set-types on the end face of this external prefabricated short slab.For the ease of explanation, be 28,29 and 30 with prefabricated short slab number consecutively, below in conjunction with analysing and observe of prefabricated short slab 29 specified the float structure of plate railway roadbed of the utility model prefabricated.Like Fig. 9 and shown in Figure 13; Every prefabricated short slab is united by four elastic vibration isolation devices 25 and four plate end isolation mountings 32 and is given resiliency supported; Adjacent prefabricated short slab is realized vertically connecting through shear hinge 4 again, and then is spliced into the utility model prefabricated plate railway roadbed of floating.Wherein, elastic vibration isolation device 25 sides and are supporting prefabricated short slab through height adjusting cushion plate 39 in the resettlement groove 27 of prefabricated short slab; The concrete structure of plate end isolation mounting 32 such as Figure 10 and shown in Figure 11; Different with the plate end isolation mounting described in the embodiment one; In this example, plate end isolation mounting 32 is provided with two groups of plate end longitudinal spacing devices altogether, and every group of plate end longitudinal spacing device is made up of longitudinal spacing plate 33, adjusting bolt 35 and locking nut 34; Regulate bolt 35 and run through gripper shoe 36 settings, gripper shoe 36 is weldingly fixed on cross spacing protruding 14.Shown in figure 12 during application; Plate end isolation mounting is supported on the adjacent end portion of prefabricated short slab 28 and 29 simultaneously; Cross spacing in the plate end isolation mounting protruding 14 is supported on respectively on the side elevation 80 that gap 60 places are installed in prefabricated short slab 28 and 29; Between the side elevation 80 of cross spacing protruding 14 and prefabricated short slab 28 and 29 cushion pad 38 that elastane is processed is set; Longitudinal spacing plate 33 in two groups of plate end longitudinal spacing devices is supported on respectively on the side elevation 82 that gap 60 places are installed in prefabricated short slab 28 and 29, and the cushion pad 37 that elastane is processed is set between longitudinal spacing plate 33 and the side elevation 82.
In this routine described technical scheme; Because the plate end longitudinal spacing device of plate end isolation mounting has the advantage of adjustable positions; Therefore can reduce requirement to plate end isolation mounting putting position precision; Putting error longitudinally on a small quantity along prefabricated short slab can revise through adjustment adjusting bolt 35, utilizes locking nut 34 latched positions again, more convenient and practical.Be noted that; Plate end longitudinal spacing device utilizes the longitudinal spacing plate except this example is said, regulates the bolt and lock nut formation; Also can utilize the longitudinal spacing plate, regulate bolt and transfer the crack pad to constitute, after adjustment adjusting bolt holds out against side elevation 82, between gripper shoe and longitudinal spacing plate, embed and transfer the crack pad; Thereby, also can realize same effect with locking position.Owing to be common technology, at this no longer extra accompanying drawing, only explain, also in the protection domain of the utility model with literal.
In addition, because this example has adopted the shear hinge of middle-set-type, therefore when construction, put in the process of prefabricated short slab, the assembling of accomplishing shear hinge simultaneously connects, and all the other steps are identical with the work progress of description among the embodiment one, no longer repeat at this.
Embodiment three
Based on embodiment two said know-whies; Like Figure 14 and shown in Figure 15; Different with the plate end isolation mounting among the embodiment two; In this example plate end isolation mounting except that be provided with two groups respectively by longitudinal spacing plate 33, regulate the plate end longitudinal spacing device that bolt 35 and locking nut 34 constitute, also be provided with two groups respectively by cross spacing plate 40, regulate the plate end cross spacing devices that bolt 42 and locking nut 41 constitute, wherein; Adjusting bolt 42 in the plate end cross spacing device runs through gripper shoe 43 and is provided with, and gripper shoe 43 is welded respectively with top board 10 and gripper shoe 36 and is fixed together.When using plate end vibration isolator 32 in this routine described plate end vibration isolator alternate figures 9 and constituting the utility model prefabricateds and float the plate railway roadbed; Shown in figure 16; Plate end isolation mounting is supported on the adjacent end portion of prefabricated short slab 28 and 29 simultaneously; Cross spacing plate 40 on the plate end isolation mounting in two groups of plate end cross spacing devices keeps off respectively on the side elevation 80 that leans against prefabricated short slab 28 and 29, and the cushion pad 38 that the flexible foaming material is processed is set between the side elevation 80 of cross spacing plate 40 and prefabricated short slab 28 and 29; Longitudinal spacing plate 33 in two groups of plate end longitudinal spacing devices keeps off respectively and leaning against on the side elevation 82 that gap 60 places are installed in prefabricated short slab 28 and 29, and the cushion pad 37 that the flexible foaming material is processed is set between longitudinal spacing plate 33 and the side elevation 82.
In this routine said technical scheme, because plate end longitudinal spacing device in the plate end isolation mounting and plate end cross spacing device all can carry out the position adjustment, lower to the position accuracy demand of plate end isolation mounting when therefore using, installation is more convenient.Particularly because the independent respectively setting of the plate end longitudinal spacing device of corresponding different prefabricated short slabs and plate end cross spacing device; Therefore under the situation such as bend; Contiguous prefabricated short slab is in a certain angle when putting, and can realize the spacing adjustment of the difference of adjacent two prefabricated short slabs, and is very convenient.Based on the principle described in the embodiment two; In the technical scheme of this routine said type; Plate end cross spacing device also can utilize the cross spacing plate, regulates bolt and transfer the crack pad to constitute, and also can realize same technique effect, all in the protection domain of the utility model.
Embodiment four
The utility model prefabricated shown in figure 22 plate railway roadbed of floating is that with the difference of embodiment one plate end isolation mounting 50 shown in figure 21 is adopted in the plate end below of contiguous prefabricated short slab.Be with the difference of plate end isolation mounting among the embodiment one; Like Figure 17, Figure 18, Figure 19 and shown in Figure 20; The bottom of cross spacing protruding 14 is provided with two gap 44 in the plate end isolation mounting 50, in addition, and in order to prevent in the use and relative slippage to take place between the basis; A plurality of positioning convex 45 are set on the bottom surface of base plate 11, and positioning convex 45 is the pyramidal spines that utilize spot welding to pile in this example.In addition, the plate end longitudinal spacing device in the plate end isolation mounting 50 is made up of longitudinal spacing spare 46 and locking cushion block 49, comprises gathering sill 47 and longitudinal spacing plate 48 in the longitudinal spacing piece spare 46, and locking cushion block 49 can be inserted in the gathering sill 47.Side from cross spacing protruding 14; Along gap 44 longitudinal spacing spare 46 and cross spacing protruding 14 are assembled together; Protruding 14 parts of cross spacing are embedded in the gathering sill 47; Utilize 49 fillings of locking cushion block in the gathering sill 47 between longitudinal spacing plate 48 and the cross spacing protruding 14, constitute plate end isolation mounting 50, specifically shown in figure 21.When plate end isolation mounting 50 assembled with prefabricated short slab, shown in figure 23, cooperating with prefabricated short slab 1 and 2 with plate end isolation mounting 50 was that example describes.Plate end isolation mounting 50 is placed the plate end below of contiguous prefabricated short slab 1 and 2; Cross spacing in the plate end isolation mounting 50 protruding 14 is supported on respectively on the side elevation 80 of prefabricated short slab 1 and 2, between the side elevation 80 of cross spacing protruding 14 and prefabricated short slab 1 and 2, the cushion pad 52 that elastomeric material is processed is set respectively also; Move the longitudinal spacing spare 46 of protruding 14 both sides of cross spacing; Longitudinal spacing plate 48 in the both sides longitudinal spacing spare 46 is supported on respectively on the side elevation 82 of prefabricated short slab 1 and 2; The cushion pad 51 that elastomeric material is processed is set between the side elevation 82 of longitudinal spacing spare 46 and prefabricated short slab 1 and 2; To lock cushion block 49 again and be packed in the gathering sill 47 between longitudinal spacing plate 48 and the cross spacing protruding 14 holding state of locking longitudinal spacing spare 46.In addition, the vertical stiffness of a plate end isolation mounting 50 is 1.5 times of an elastic vibration isolation device (not specifically illustrating among the figure) vertical stiffness.
Plate end isolation mounting 50 has adopted the plate end longitudinal spacing device of being made up of longitudinal spacing spare 46 and locking cushion block 49 in this example; Therefore putting error longitudinally on a small quantity along prefabricated short slab can revise through adjustment longitudinal spacing spare 46; Utilize the holding state of 49 pairs of longitudinal spacing spares 46 of locking cushion block of appropriate size to lock again; Both convenient and practical, safe and reliable again.It is pointed out that reply adjustment for ease, the locking cushion block can be made up of two or more son locking cushion blocks at least, is combined into the locking cushion block of suitable thickness so according to actual needs, and is very convenient.Owing on the bottom surface of base plate 11 a plurality of positioning convex 45 are set in the plate end isolation mounting 50; Can effectively prevent in the use and the relative slippage of generation between the basis; Therefore need not that stone bolt is set again between plate end isolation mounting and the basis fixes; The size of base plate 11 also can suitably reduce, and structure is simpler, also more helps saving material.Certainly; Except on base plate 11, being provided with the positioning convex 45; Also can be employed in additive methods such as mechanical brakeman is set between plate end isolation mounting base plate and the basis and prevent relative slippage; If can achieve effective control plate end isolation mounting and the basis between relatively move, can play identical effect.Be noted that especially; In this routine described plate end isolation mounting 50; Because the bottom at cross spacing protruding 14 is provided with two gap 44, therefore in heightening the leveling process, can realize adorning the operation of getting height adjusting cushion plate (not specifically illustrating among the figure) through gap 44; Needn't all plate end isolation mounting be taken out down from prefabricated short slab at every turn, more convenient to operate.
This routine described the utility model prefabricated work progress of describing among work progress and the embodiment one of plate railway roadbed of floating is identical, no longer repeats at this.In addition; This example is that 1.5 times of an elastic vibration isolation device vertical stiffness are that example describes with the vertical stiffness of a plate end vibration isolator only; In the actual application; Condition according to practical applications is different, and the vertical stiffness of a plate end vibration isolator can be 1.5~5 times of an elastic vibration isolation device vertical stiffness.This is because for same prefabricated short slab end largest amount of subsidence, the strong point is outer more just saves flexible member more; Help reducing cost; This vertical stiffness distribution technique heterogeneous can play a multiplier effect, and economy is better; Therefore in engineering design process, can be optimized as required, this point is equally applicable to the other technologies scheme of the utility model.
Embodiment five
The utility model prefabricated shown in figure 24 plate railway roadbed of floating; Be that with the difference of embodiment one the prefabricated short slab that adopts structure shown in Figure 25 is as floating plate, prefabricated short slab length is 1.2m; Integrated setting has anchoring piece 9 on the prefabricated short slab; Because the plate body of prefabricated short slab is very short,, the reservation through hole is not set on the prefabricated short slab for guaranteeing the intensity of plate body.In addition; The plate end isolation mounting 6 that adopts in this example is like Figure 26 and shown in Figure 27; Different with the plate end isolation mounting among the embodiment one, longitudinal spacing protruding 15 no longer is arranged on top board 10 middle parts, and is arranged on a side of top board 10; And each plate end isolation mounting only is bearing in the plate end below of a prefabricated short slab, is used to support a prefabricated short slab.Need to prove that because each plate end isolation mounting only supporting a prefabricated short slab, so the layout of flexible member 12 and damping element 13 also no longer need be followed along the requirement of the horizontal midship section symmetric arrangement of plate end isolation mounting in the plate end isolation mounting.In addition; For the purpose of safety; Also set up the vertical stopping means of spring failure in the plate end isolation mounting; The vertical stopping means of spring failure is specially four root beads and connects the steel pipe 63 that is fixed on the base plate 11, and steel pipe 63 tops are said spacing stroke to the gap of top board 10 soffits, and this spacing stroke is 5mm.
Being applied to prefabricated short slab 1 with plate end isolation mounting is example; Like Figure 28 and shown in Figure 29; During application; Plate end isolation mounting is supporting prefabricated short slab 1, and the cross spacing in the plate end isolation mounting protruding 14 is supported on the side elevation 80 that gap 60 places are installed in the prefabricated short slab 1, and longitudinal spacing protruding 15 is supported on the side elevation 81 of prefabricated short slab 1 end.The gap that prefabricated short slab vibration produces during for compensation work; Avoid damage simultaneously and prevent noise; Between the side elevation 80 in cross spacing protruding 14 and the prefabricated short slab 1 cushion pad 18 that elastomeric material is processed is set, between the side elevation 81 in longitudinal spacing protruding 15 and the prefabricated short slab 1 cushion pad 19 that elastomeric material is processed is set.In this example, plate end isolation mounting and prefabricated short slab cooperate cross section structure and structural section shown in Figure 6 identical, at this description of drawings no longer in addition.The prefabricated short slab of each piece is by four plate end isolation mounting elastomeric bearings; Through adjusting the gross thickness of height adjusting cushion plate 7 between each plate end isolation mounting and prefabricated short slab; Can realize heightening and leveling of prefabricated short slab; Utilize shear hinge that prefabricated short slab is linked together again, promptly constitute the utility model prefabricated plate railway roadbed of floating.
In the work progress, can operate according to following steps:
(1) according to design drawing in the surface production field the prefabricated short slab of made;
(2) on the railway roadbed basis, mark the plan-position of prefabricated short slab and plate end isolation mounting;
(3) plate end isolation mounting 6 is placed in the precalculated position, measures plate end isolation mounting end face absolute altitude, in case of necessity, require to place the height adjusting cushion plate 7 of suitable thickness according to this place's design elevation on the top board surface;
(4) maintenance is good prefabricated short slab is transported to the job location, utilizes the lifting haulage device to be transported near the predetermined putting position again;
(5) prefabricated short slab is placed on the plate end isolation mounting plan-position of adjusting prefabricated short slab;
(6) through measuring the absolute altitude of prefabricated short slab end face datum, the gross thickness of the height adjusting cushion plate that is provided with between adjustment plate end isolation mounting and the prefabricated short slab realizes heightening and leveling of prefabricated short slab;
(7) assembling and the physical dimension of accomplishing rail 17 and fastener (not shown) are adjusted;
(8) utilize shear hinge 4 that contiguous prefabricated short slab is linked together, constitute railway roadbed;
(9) after the supporting facility that other continue to be installed on railway roadbed, promptly obtain the said prefabricated plate railway roadbed of floating.
This example is that example describes with the long prefabricated short slab of 1.2m as the plate of floating, and in general, the prefabricated short slab below the 2m all can only utilize plate end isolation mounting to support, and needn't be equipped with the elastic vibration isolation device in addition.The prefabricated short slab plate of this structure is long shorter, and weight is lighter, send defeated convenient with conveyance; And because the elastic vibration isolation device is not set, plate body structure is simpler, is easy to processing; Help reducing cost, in addition, owing to only utilize plate end isolation mounting to support; Only prefabricated short slab is heightened with leveling and get final product, so it is simpler to heighten the leveling process, helps further improving speed of application through adjustment height adjusting cushion plate thickness.In addition; In this routine said technical scheme, owing in plate end isolation mounting, set up four steel pipes 63 as the vertical stopping means of spring failure, when spring generation fracture waits fortuitous event; Prefabricated short slab sinks; Because the existence of the vertical stopping means of spring failure, prefabricated short slab can only sink down into the apical support of steel pipe 63 till top board 10 soffits, therefore can effectively improve the safety of operation.According to this principle; The concrete form of the vertical stopping means of spring failure can carry out diversified amplification; For example steel pipe 63 also can be weldingly fixed on the soffit of top board 10, and in addition, the vertical stopping means of spring failure is except utilizing steel pipe processes; Can also utilize rod iron, steel plate etc. to process, also can realize same function.In addition, be that 5mm is that example describes with the spacing stroke between steel pipe 63 tops and top board 10 soffits in this example, in the practical application; Can set spacing stroke according to safety requirements; According to the track traffic associated safety standard of China, in general, this spacing stroke should be less than 10mm.
Be noted that in this routine said technical scheme that the plate end level that is arranged in two plate end isolation mountings of the same end of prefabricated short slab is to stopping means and is symmetrical set, and should note when processing and putting.
Embodiment six
Know-why based on embodiment one and embodiment five; The utility model prefabricated shown in figure 30 plate railway roadbed of floating; The prefabricated short slab that adopts structure shown in Figure 25 is as floating plate, and prefabricated short slab length is 1.2m, adopts Fig. 3 and plate end isolation mounting 6 shown in Figure 4; Plate end isolation mounting 6 is supporting the plate end of adjacent two prefabricated short slabs simultaneously; Every prefabricated short slab gives resiliency supported by four plate end isolation mountings, and realizes vertically connecting through shear hinge, and then is spliced into the utility model prefabricated plate railway roadbed of floating.In this routine said technical scheme, plate end isolation mounting 6 is identical with the assembling and the description among the embodiment one of prefabricated short slab, and the description among its construction sequence and the embodiment five is basic identical, no longer is repeated in this description at this.
This routine said the utility model prefabricated is floated in the plate railway roadbed; Because plate end isolation mounting 6 is supporting the plate end of adjacent two prefabricated short slabs simultaneously; Therefore the quantity of the plate end isolation mounting 6 that adopts still less; Whole ballast bed structure is simpler, helps further reducing construction link, improves efficiency of construction.
Embodiment seven
Different according to the actual conditions of using; The form of structure of prefabricated short slab can be varied in the utility model, and the position of corresponding plate end isolation mounting is also different, for example; Under the situation of space permission, plate end isolation mounting also can be adorned from the outside of prefabricated short slab and get.The utility model prefabricated shown in figure 32 plate railway roadbed of floating is with the difference of embodiment five, adopts the prefabricated short slab of structure shown in Figure 31, and four preformed grooves 61 that are used for buck plate end isolation mounting only are set on the prefabricated short slab.The plate end isolation mounting 6 that cooperates with prefabricated short slab is like Figure 33 and shown in Figure 34.During application; Shown in figure 36; Describe with the example that is applied as of plate end isolation mounting between prefabricated short slab 1 and 2; Plate end isolation mounting 6 is supporting the plate end of adjacent two prefabricated short slabs 1 and 2 simultaneously, and the cross spacing on the plate end isolation mounting 6 protruding 14 retaining respectively leans against on the side elevation 80 of prefabricated short slab 1 and 2 ends, between cross spacing protruding 14 and the side elevation 80 cushion pad 18 that the flexible foaming material is processed is set; Longitudinal spacing in the plate end isolation mounting protruding 15 retaining respectively leans against on the side elevation 81 of prefabricated short slab 1 and 2 plate ends, between longitudinal spacing convexity and the side elevation 81 cushion pad 19 that the flexible foaming material is processed is set.Utilize shear hinge 4 that prefabricated short slab is linked together again, promptly constitute the utility model prefabricated plate railway roadbed of floating.In addition; Damping element in the plate end isolation mounting 6 is the viscous shearing type damper; The viscous shearing type damper specifically is made up of fluid damping material 66, plunger 64 and damping urceolus 65, and wherein plunger 64 fuses with top board 10 welderings, and damping urceolus 65 fuses with base plate 11 welderings.It is to be noted; This viscous shearing type damper also has the effect of the vertical stopping means of spring failure simultaneously; As shown in Figure 33, the fit clearance between damping urceolus 65 and top board 10 soffits promptly constitutes described spacing stroke, guarantees that this spacing stroke is less than 10mm; In the time of just can effectively preventing unexpected generation the such as disconnected spring, the harm that prefabricated short slab excessive convergence causes traffic safety; In addition; Utilize plunger 64 and damping urceolus 65 to cooperatively interact, also constituted inner horizontal in the plate end isolation mounting to stopping means, because plunger 64 fuses with top board 10 and base plate 11 respectively with damping urceolus 65; Base plate 11 is fixed on the basis through stone bolt 20; Top board 11 leans against on the side elevation of prefabricated short slab plate end to stopping means retaining through plate end level, therefore when prefabricated short slab occurred level displacement, can drive top board 10 and plunger 64 and base plate 11 and damping urceolus 65 and relatively move; When horizontal movement is enough big; Plunger 64 can abut in damping urceolus 65, and then the further generation of limit levels displacement, thereby the level that plays is to spacing effect.
Owing to be provided with inner horizontal that plate end level that cross spacing protruding 14 and longitudinal spacing protruding 15 constitute constitutes to stopping means and plunger 64 and damping urceolus 65 in the plate end isolation mounting 6 that is adopted simultaneously to stopping means; Therefore better to the level of prefabricated short slab to limit effect; In addition; Vertical stopping means of spring failure and inner horizontal are integrated in the damping element to stopping means simultaneously, promptly can effectively improve the safety of plate railway roadbed in using of floating of the utility model prefabricated, do not increase the structural complexity of plate end isolation mounting again; Help saving the space, very economical and practical.Certainly; Based on this routine said know-why, the concrete structure of the vertical stopping means of spring failure also can change to some extent, for example can utilize fit clearance between the base plate of plunger and plate end isolation mounting as spacing stroke; Control this spacing stroke less than 10mm, also can play identical effect.
Similar with embodiment five, this routine said technical scheme also only adopts plate end isolation mounting to support prefabricated short slab, so this routine described the utility model prefabricated is floated the job practices and the description among the embodiment five of plate railway roadbed basic identical, no longer repeat at this.
In addition; Be noted that in the utility model prefabricated is floated the layout of plate railway roadbed, in order to improve local globality; Prevent that stressed the transfiniting of individual boards end isolation mounting causes damaging under specific conditions such as brake hard; In the connection procedure of prefabricated short slab, a plurality of plate groups of floating can be set in whole floating ballast bed structure, floating is provided with the shrinkage joint between the plate group.For example; Shown in figure 35; The prefabricated short slabs of polylith such as prefabricated short slab 67a, 67b are linked to be one along the vertical gapless plate group of floating of rail through longitudinal spacing convexity 15, cushion pad 19 and shear hinge 4 as plate end longitudinal spacing device; Equally; The prefabricated short slabs of polylith such as prefabricated short slab 68a, 68b, 68c and 68d are through being linked to be another along the vertical gapless plate group of floating of rail as the longitudinal spacing of plate end longitudinal spacing device protruding 15 and cushion pad 19 and shear hinge 4; Next adjacent floating is provided with shrinkage joint 70 to the prefabricated short slabs of polylith such as prefabricated short slab 69a, 69b between the plate group along the vertical gapless plate group of floating of rail through being linked to be as the longitudinal spacing of plate end longitudinal spacing device protruding 15 and cushion pad 19 and shear hinge 4, and the adjacent plate group of floating in 70 places only links to each other and power transmissions through shear hinge 4 at the shrinkage joint.Like this, a plurality of plate groups of floating link to each other successively, and then constitute whole the utility model prefabricated plate railway roadbed of floating.This utility model prefabricated that utilizes a plurality of plate groups of floating the to combine plate railway roadbed of floating; Promptly have good continuity and globality; Has stronger local autonomy again; The whole relatively railway roadbed of each plate group of floating be again one independently individual, when special circumstances such as train generation brake hard, the train place plate end isolation mounting that plate group and even the adjacent plate group of floating comprised of floating carries jointly; Utilize the shrinkage joint to bear bigger local prefabricated short slab displacement; The setting of the plate group of therefore floating has improved local globality again conversely, makes each the plate end isolation mounting in the plate group of floating stressed roughly the same, avoids single plate end isolation mounting excessively to carry damage.In general, the length of the plate group of floating is identical with the length of a row railcar or slightly long, by present train length, generally about 25m.It is to be noted; The know-why that this utilization is floated the plate group and then constituted whole railway roadbed equally also is applicable to the described technical scheme of other embodiment in the utility model; Comprise the scheme that plate end isolation mounting and elastic vibration isolation device are set simultaneously, describe in the lump, no longer be repeated in this description at this.
Embodiment eight
Like Figure 37, Figure 42 and the utility model prefabricated shown in Figure 43 plate railway roadbed of floating,, clipped the part rail for the ease of seeing square structure down clearly; Be with the difference of embodiment seven, adopt the prefabricated short slab of Figure 38 and structure shown in Figure 39, and Figure 40 and plate end isolation mounting 6 shown in Figure 41; Prefabricated short slab one end is provided with installs gap 60; The other end is provided with bulge-structure, and the bulge-structure of a prefabricated short slab can embed in the installation gap 60 of contiguous prefabricated short slab, also is provided with four spacing gap 71 on the prefabricated short slab; Plate end isolation mounting 6 is supporting adjacent two prefabricated short slabs simultaneously, utilizes shear hinge 4 to link to each other between prefabricated short slab.Plate end level in the plate end isolation mounting 6 to stopping means still by constituting as the cross spacing of plate end cross spacing device protruding 14 and as the longitudinal spacing protruding 15 of plate end longitudinal spacing device; Wherein, Protruding 14 retainings of cross spacing lean against on the side elevation 80 of prefabricated short slab bulge-structure end, also are provided with the cushion pad 18 that rubber is processed between cross spacing protruding 14 and the side elevation 80; Protruding 15 retainings of longitudinal spacing lean against on the side elevation 81 of prefabricated short slab bulge-structure end, also are provided with the cushion pad 19 that rubber is processed between longitudinal spacing protruding 15 and the side elevation 81.In addition; The level that also is provided with between the contiguous prefabricated short slab independently is to stopping means; Be that example describes with the independently level that is provided with between prefabricated short slab 1 and 2 to stopping means below; Shown in figure 43; Described level is made up of the bolster of processing with the steel concrete limited post 73 and the elastomeric material of basic 21 integrated setting 74 to stopping means, and limited post 73 cooperates respectively with spacing gap 71 in prefabricated short slab 1 and 2, and bolster 74 is arranged between limited post 73 and prefabricated short slab 1 and 2.In addition, the damping element in the plate end isolation mounting 6 is a shearing-type macromolecular material solid damper, and shearing-type macromolecular material solid damper specifically is made up of plunger 64, damping urceolus 65 and the high-damping rubber layer 72 of sulfuration between the two.In order to prevent that play takes place plate end isolation mounting 6 in the use, base plate 11 soffits of plate end isolation mounting 6 also utilize built-up welding that a plurality of positioning convex 45 are set.It is to be noted; The function of inner horizontal that shearing-type macromolecular material solid damper in the plate end isolation mounting 6 is same integrated to stopping means and the vertical stopping means of spring failure; Show; This spacing stroke of control utilize fit clearance between plunger 64 and the base plate 11 as spacing stroke, as long as just can be realized the predetermined function of the vertical stopping means of spring failure less than 10mm; And the high-damping rubber layer 72 attainable horizontal decrement that are provided with between plunger 64 and the damping urceolus 65 are very limited; Based on knowing to the explanation of stopping means action principle inner horizontal among the embodiment seven; Plunger 64, high-damping rubber layer 72 and damping urceolus 65 can realize limiting the function of the basic relatively occurred level displacement of prefabricated short slab to a certain extent, so this shearing-type macromolecular material solid damper can also be realized the function of inner horizontal to stopping means simultaneously.
In this routine described technical scheme, independently level is to stopping means owing to be provided with, and therefore the level of prefabricated short slab is littler to displacement, and travel safety is better.Particularly when level independently when stopping means intensity is enough, even can in plate end isolation mounting, be provided with plate end level to stopping means or/and inner horizontal to stopping means, helps simplifying product structure, reduce production costs.The limit function of plate end isolation mounting because this type of technical scheme does not require emphasis; Therefore when preventing plate end isolation mounting generation play, also can only between base plate and basis, mechanical brakeman be set, at this; This type technical scheme is explained with literal, no longer in addition accompanying drawing.In addition; Utilize plunger 64 and base plate 11 to constitute the vertical stopping means of spring failure in this example; Fit clearance between the two is as spacing stroke; In the practical application, also can utilize damping urceolus 65 and top board 10 to constitute the vertical stopping means of spring failures, only need the fit clearance of the two be controlled at below the 10mm and get final product.In addition, the high-damping rubber material of in embodiment, mentioning, other solid damping materials such as high-damping polyurethane can also be adopted in the shearing-type macromolecular material solid damper, identical functions can both be realized.
Be noted that in this routine said technical scheme that the plate end level that is arranged in two plate end isolation mountings of the same end of prefabricated short slab is to stopping means and is symmetrical set, and should note when processing and putting.In addition, independently level is in stopping means, and limited post also can be provided with limited post separately except being integral with basis instrument, limited post and basis are fixed together again, and also can serve the same role.
Embodiment nine
Based on embodiment eight said technical schemes; Like Figure 46 and the utility model prefabricated shown in Figure 49 plate railway roadbed of floating, be with the difference of embodiment eight, adopt plate end isolation mounting 6 like Figure 47 and structure shown in Figure 48; Plate end level is set to stopping means on the plate end isolation mounting 6; Plate end level is specially limited post 75 to stopping means, and limited post 75 is made up of round steel pipe, and fuses with top board 10 welderings.In addition because prefabricated short slab need realize that level is to spacing by plate end isolation mounting; Therefore require plate end isolation mounting play can not take place in use; So the corresponding gap 60 of installing is provided with local junction plate on base plate 11, offers the connecting through hole 16 of strip on the local junction plate.Like Figure 44 and shown in Figure 45; The position of four spacing gap 71 is corresponding with limited post 75 in the prefabricated short slab, when prefabricated short slab cooperates with plate end isolation mounting, is example with plate end isolation mounting with cooperating of prefabricated short slab 1 and 2; Shown in figure 49; Limited post 75 is embedded on prefabricated short slab 1 and 2 in the corresponding spacing gap 71 that is provided with, and in order to realize cushioning the effect with noise reduction, also is provided with the rubber buffer 76 of shell-like between limited post 75 and prefabricated short slab 1 and 2.After the position adjustment of plate end isolation mounting finishes, utilize stone bolt 20 that plate end isolation mounting and basis are fixed together through connecting through hole 16.
In this routine described technical scheme; The level of utilizing the prefabricated short slab of limited post 75 realizations that is provided with in the plate end isolation mounting is to spacing, and at this, limited post 75 can use as plate end cross spacing device and plate end longitudinal spacing device simultaneously; Structure is very simple, horizontal good limit effect.Because limited post 75 is arranged on the plate end isolation mounting, can move with plate end isolation mounting, during therefore with prefabricated short slab assembling, can cooperatively interact and carry out the position and accurately adjust, should use very convenient.
This routine said the utility model prefabricated plate ballast bed structure of floating is simpler, and it is more quick to construct, and the description among its job practices and the embodiment five is basic identical, no longer repeats at this.
Embodiment ten
Based on embodiment nine said know-whies, this type of technical scheme can also be carried out many differentiation, and this type of technical scheme is equally applicable to other forms of prefabricated short slab.The utility model prefabricated shown in Figure 52 plate railway roadbed of floating; Be with the difference of embodiment one; The plate end isolation mounting 6 of employing shown in Figure 50 and Figure 51; Be that with the difference of Fig. 3 and plate end isolation mounting shown in Figure 4 the limited post 75 that the plate end level of plate end isolation mounting 6 is processed by square steel pipe to stopping means constitutes, and fuse with top board 10 welderings.Accordingly, prefabricated short slab shown in Figure 53 is compared with the prefabricated short slab in embodiment illustrated in fig. 2, and the two ends of the prefabricated short slab that this example adopts are corresponding with limited post to be provided with four spacing gap 77 altogether.During application; Plate end isolation mounting 6 still is arranged in the preformed groove 61 of prefabricated short slab bottom; And the end that plate end isolation mounting is supporting adjacent two prefabricated short slabs simultaneously is during assembling, shown in Figure 52 and Figure 54; Still being arranged between prefabricated short slab 1 and 2 with plate end isolation mounting is that example describes; The limited post 75 of plate end isolation mounting is embedded on prefabricated short slab 1 and 2 in the corresponding spacing gap 77 that is provided with,, also is provided with the elastic polyurethane cushion pad 76 of shell-like between limited post 75 and prefabricated short slab 1 and 2 in order to realize cushioning the effect with noise reduction.
The float job practices and the step among the embodiment one of plate railway roadbed of this routine said prefabricated is basic identical, no longer repeats at this.In this routine said technical scheme and since adopt in the plate end isolation mounting 6 limited post 75 as plate end level to stopping means, the structure of product is simpler; In addition; When using this plate end isolation mounting and constructing the utility model prefabricated and float the plate railway roadbed, compare with embodiment one, this plate end isolation mounting and the assembling process that presets between the short slab are also simpler; The overall structure of railway roadbed is able to simplify; Level to presetting short slab is fine to limit effect, and therefore, the economy and the practicality of said this type technical scheme of this example are better.
Embodiment 11
The utility model prefabricated shown in Figure 55 plate railway roadbed of floating; Be with the difference of embodiment one; In order to eliminate the gap of plate end level between stopping means and prefabricated short slab; In assembling or use, between cross spacing protruding 14 and prefabricated short slab, except cushion pad 18 is set, can also sets up and transfer crack backing plate 78.Transfer crack backing plate 78 specifically can process,, can both realize same effect as long as can reach the purpose of eliminating unnecessary gap by metal or plastic material.Certainly,, between longitudinal spacing convexity and prefabricated short slab, also can be provided with and transfer the crack backing plate, not specifically illustrate among the figure in order to realize eliminating the purpose in gap.
Based on this routine described know-why, plate end level also can transfer the crack backing plate to reach the purpose of eliminating the gap, description of drawings no longer one by one through being provided with between stopping means and prefabricated short slab among other embodiment of the utility model.
It is to be noted; The shape of cross section of prefabricated short slab is not limited to the shape described in the foregoing description in the utility model, and according to requirement of engineering, prefabricated short slab also can be arranged to other shapes; As long as based on the know-why of the utility model, also all in the protection domain of the utility model.In addition, in practical application, the concrete form of flexible member and damping element can be varied in the plate end isolation mounting, and for example flexible member can be helical steel springs, dish spring, rubber spring, polyurethane spring, metal rubber and plastic complex spring or air spring; Damping element comprises viscous type damper, orifice restriction type damper or macromolecular material solid damping element, and wherein macromolecular material solid damping element specifically can be rubber high damping element or polyurethane high damping element etc.It is to be noted that especially flexible member and damping element also can become one, for example adopt the rubber spring of high resiliency, high damping, promptly use, also use simultaneously as damping element as flexible member.As long as can satisfy the needs of vibration isolation, can be applied among the utility model.In addition; Among the embodiment only eight helical steel springs to be set in the plate end isolation mounting and a damping element is that example describes; Different according to the kind that adopts flexible member and damping element; The quantity of flexible member and damping element can change according to actual conditions, and two even more damping elements for example can be set, and four, five, six, seven, ten even more flexible members also can be set; But the enabling capabilities of contiguous prefabricated short slab is realized basis equalization in order to make plate end isolation mounting; Flexible member and damping element should that is to say as far as possible along the horizontal middle vertical plane symmetric arrangement of plate end isolation mounting, and the quantity that the elasticity that guarantees every prefabricated short slab below does not as far as possible have part and damping element is identical.
When existing pure built-in steel spring floating slab is installed, be earlier with the on-the-spot group of the plate of floating wire-tie, fluid concrete again, also want curing concrete, after concrete curing is good, place vibration isolator again, jacking leveling then, many one procedure.And in the technical scheme of the utility model record,, bring the advantage of following installation, economy and mechanical characteristic aspect owing to adopted prefabricated short slab and plate end isolation mounting:
1) prefabricated short slab has been saved concrete at the cast-in-site of circuit construction site and curing time more than 1 month;
2) pure built-in steel spring floating slab will begin jacking from ground; Every jacking 10mm that takes turns, every block of plate is wanted jacking 3~4 bouts, and prefabricated short slab can directly be placed on the plate end vibration isolator; Prefabricated short slab is positioned at working depth basically during placement, has saved top lifting height and jacking bout;
3) same reason, the utility model has been saved and has been used as the leveling steel plate of heightening pad or height adjusting cushion plate in a large number, no matter is plate end isolation mounting, or all the other elastic vibration isolation devices, and its leveling steel plate is not for jacking is equipped with, but is equipped with for leveling;
4) aspect mechanical characteristic, the plate of floating of rubber pad whole face shop or strip shop can not produce the seesaw effect, if but prefabricated short slab is all put the support pattern elastomeric bearing with built-in vibration isolator etc.; Because structural reason, want a fastener spacing at least from the plate end of floating, when only having a wheel shaft to be positioned to float the plate seam crossing; Can produce upwards moment, form seesaw effect or chain effect, cause the stability decreases of floating plate; Producing the low frequency bat shakes and noise; The utility model is placed on the seam crossing of plate end below or plate with vibration isolator, can avoid the seesaw phenomenon to take place, and guarantees the vibration isolating effect and the safety of floating plate;
5) in addition from the cost performance angle, train load is during through prefabricated short slab, and plate end and rail will produce sinking, to same rail sinking admissible value; Vibration isolator is the closer to the end, and needed vibration isolator rigidity is more little, and used number of springs is minimum, and is most economical; Therefore it is most economical to be positioned over end (below, end) to vibration isolator, and adopts shear hinge simultaneously, and the rigidity that can make a vibration isolator at plate seam place is that two adjacent prefabricated short slabs are shared; Rigidity is shared, almost multiplication, more economically;
6) owing to be provided with the installation gap, it is also all very easy for installation that plate end vibration isolator is installed maintenance;
7) for 25 meters traditional long slabs; Centrifugal force that produces during train driving and brake force are distributed on more than 30 vibration isolator in 25 meters long slabs; The spacing vibration isolator that only depends on of the vertical and horizontal of plate floated just can guarantee, and 4 meters long prefabricated short slab on average every have only 6~8 vibration isolators, centrifugal force and brake force major part are born by the prefabricated short slab of monolithic; Precast plate spacing just most important wants difficult many.And the utility model is arranged on plate end level on the plate end vibration isolator to stopping means,, utilize and respective outer side edges such as distolateral facade of prefabricated short slab and installation gap side elevation; The level that realizes prefabricated short slab is to spacing, and its space is spacious, and intensity is big; Reliable in structure; Adjustment easily, repair and maintenance is convenient, realizes relatively more easily.
The common feature that all embodiment of these characteristics the utility model possess is explained at this in the lump.In addition, be noted that especially the plate end level described in the utility model is to stopping means; Wherein the implication of " level to " is not to refer to traditional horizontal direction; But refer in particular to the residing in-plane of two one steel rail treads of same circuit, this plane does not overlap with the conventional horizontal direction under given conditions, for example; When the curved section of track, itself and conventional horizontal direction just present certain included angle.In addition; Among the utility model embodiment; Only with the plate end of every prefabricated short slab two plate end isolation mountings being set is that example describes; Based on the know-why of the utility model, the plate end of every prefabricated short slab also can be provided with and surpass two plate end isolation mountings, for example can set up a plate end isolation mounting in the middle part longitudinally at the plate end; Also can be along the both sides of the vertical midship section of plate body; Each side is placed two plate end isolation mountings respectively; Each plate end isolation mounting is supporting the plate end of adjacent two prefabricated short slabs more respectively, and these all are the simple transformation of the utility model technical scheme, no longer in addition description of drawings.The technical scheme of narrating among the embodiment of the utility model is only for understanding the know-why of the utility model better; Be not limited to the technical scheme itself that embodiment narrates; Technology among many embodiment is decided on a verdict and can also be carried out cross-utilization; Also can both realize good effect, in this explanation for example that differs, all within the protection domain that the utility model requires.

Claims (30)

1. prefabricated plate railway roadbed of floating; Comprise the plate of floating, the plate that it is characterized in that floating is for being the prefabricated short slab of 1.2~8m along the rail longitudinal length, and prefabricated short slab is provided with plate end isolation mounting in below, plate body end longitudinally along rail; Every end is provided with two at least; Plate end isolation mounting is arranged between prefabricated short slab and the basis, and plate end isolation mounting is symmetrical in vertical midship section setting of prefabricated short slab, utilizes shear hinge to link to each other between the prefabricated short slab.
2. the prefabricated according to claim 1 plate railway roadbed of floating is characterized in that plate end isolation mounting supports the end of two adjacent prefabricated short slabs simultaneously.
3. the prefabricated according to claim 1 plate railway roadbed of floating; It is characterized in that also comprising the elastic vibration isolation device; The elastic vibration isolation device is built in the prefabricated short slab or places prefabricated short slab below; Also be provided with between prefabricated short slab and the elastic vibration isolation device and heighten pad, prefabricated short slab is by plate end isolation mounting and the common elastomeric bearing of elastic vibration isolation device.
4. the prefabricated according to claim 3 plate railway roadbed of floating; It is characterized in that being provided with on the plate body of prefabricated short slab the reservation through hole that holds the elastic vibration isolation device; Reserve through-hole wall and fixedly install joint sheeve, the resettlement groove that holds the elastic vibration isolation device perhaps is set on the plate body of prefabricated short slab.
5. the prefabricated according to claim 3 plate railway roadbed of floating, the vertical stiffness that it is characterized in that a plate end vibration isolator is 1.5~5 times of an elastic vibration isolation device vertical stiffness.
6. according to claim 1, the 2 or 3 described prefabricateds plate railway roadbed of floating; It is characterized in that plate end isolation mounting comprises flexible member and damping element; Flexible member and damping element are arranged between the top board and base plate of plate end isolation mounting, plate end level are set to stopping means on the top board.
7. the prefabricated according to claim 6 plate railway roadbed of floating is characterized in that flexible member and the damping element horizontal midship section symmetric arrangement along plate end isolation mounting.
8. the prefabricated according to claim 6 plate railway roadbed of floating is characterized in that prefabricated short slab is provided with the installation gap of plate end isolation mounting in the plate body end longitudinally along rail, install opening position be provided with plate end level to the corresponding side elevation of stopping means.
9. the prefabricated according to claim 6 plate railway roadbed of floating is characterized in that plate end level comprises plate end cross spacing device to stopping means, and plate end cross spacing device retaining leans against on the side elevation of contiguous prefabricated short slab or installs on the side elevation of opening position.
10. the prefabricated according to claim 9 plate railway roadbed of floating is characterized in that plate end cross spacing device is that the cross spacing that is provided with on the plate end isolation mounting top board is protruding.
The plate railway roadbed 11. prefabricated according to claim 9 is floated is characterized in that plate end cross spacing device comprises the cross spacing plate, regulates bolt and lock nut, or cross spacing plate, adjusting bolt and accent crack pad.
The plate railway roadbed 12. prefabricated according to claim 6 is floated; It is characterized in that plate end level comprises plate end longitudinal spacing device to stopping means, plate end longitudinal spacing device keeps off on the side elevation that leans against contiguous prefabricated short slab end or installs on the side elevation of opening position.
The plate railway roadbed 13. prefabricated according to claim 12 is floated is characterized in that plate end longitudinal spacing device comprises the longitudinal spacing plate, regulates bolt and lock nut, or longitudinal spacing plate, adjusting bolt and accent crack pad.
The plate railway roadbed 14. prefabricated according to claim 12 is floated is characterized in that plate end longitudinal spacing device is the longitudinal spacing convexity that is provided with on the plate end isolation mounting top board.
The plate railway roadbed 15. prefabricated according to claim 12 is floated is characterized in that plate end longitudinal spacing device comprises longitudinal spacing spare and locking cushion block, comprises gathering sill on the longitudinal spacing spare, and the locking cushion block is arranged in the gathering sill.
The plate railway roadbed 16. prefabricated according to claim 15 is floated is characterized in that locking cushion block and is made up of at least two son locking cushion blocks.
The plate railway roadbed 17. prefabricated according to claim 6 is floated is characterized in that prefabricated short slab and plate end level are provided with cushion pad between stopping means.
The plate railway roadbed 18. prefabricated according to claim 6 is floated is characterized in that prefabricated short slab and plate end level are provided with accent crack backing plate between stopping means.
The plate railway roadbed 19. prefabricated according to claim 6 is floated; It is characterized in that the flexible member in the plate end isolation mounting comprises helical steel springs, dish spring, rubber spring, polyurethane spring, metal rubber and plastic complex spring or air spring, damping element comprises viscous type damper, orifice restriction type damper or macromolecular material solid damping element.
The plate railway roadbed 20. prefabricated according to claim 19 is floated is characterized in that the damping element in the plate end isolation mounting is viscous shearing type damper or shearing-type macromolecular material solid damper, and it is made up of damping material, plunger and damping urceolus.
The plate railway roadbed 21. prefabricated according to claim 19 is floated is characterized in that the vertical stopping means of spring failure is set in the plate end isolation mounting, and spacing stroke is less than 10mm.
The plate railway roadbed 22. prefabricated according to claim 21 is floated is characterized in that the damper of vertical stopping means of spring failure and plate end isolation mounting becomes one.
The plate railway roadbed 23. prefabricated according to claim 19 is floated is characterized in that inner horizontal being set to stopping means between top board and the base plate in the plate end isolation mounting.
The plate railway roadbed 24. prefabricated according to claim 23 is floated is characterized in that inner horizontal becomes one to the damping element of stopping means and plate end isolation mounting.
25., it is characterized in that being provided with between the prefabricated short slab independently level to stopping means according to claim 1, the 2 or 3 described prefabricateds plate railway roadbed of floating.
The plate railway roadbed 26. prefabricated according to claim 25 is floated; It is characterized in that independently level is made up of limited post and bolster to stopping means; Limited post is fixed on the basis and goes up or be integral with basis instrument, and bolster is arranged between limited post and the prefabricated short slab.
27. according to claim 1, the 2 or 3 described prefabricateds plate railway roadbed of floating; It is characterized in that between plate end isolation mounting and basis linkage being set; Linkage is specially the connecting through hole and the basis that are provided with on the plate end isolation mounting base plate and goes up the corresponding stone bolt that is provided with; The corresponding alignment pin that is provided with is gone up on connecting through hole that perhaps is provided with on the base plate and basis, the mechanical brakeman that perhaps is provided with between base plate and the basis, perhaps the base plate bottom surface be provided with to the outstanding positioning convex of basic direction.
28., it is characterized in that between plate end isolation mounting and the prefabricated short slab height adjusting cushion plate being set according to claim 1, the 2 or 3 described prefabricateds plate railway roadbed of floating.
The plate railway roadbed 29. prefabricated according to claim 1 is floated is characterized in that prefabricated short slab is provided for the preformed groove of buck plate end isolation mounting in the plate body end longitudinally along rail.
The plate railway roadbed 30. prefabricated according to claim 12 is floated is characterized in that prefabricated short slab and plate end longitudinal spacing device constitute at least two along the vertical gapless plate group of floating of rail, and floating is provided with the shrinkage joint between the plate group.
CN2012200918950U 2012-03-13 2012-03-13 Prefabricated floating slab ballast bed Withdrawn - After Issue CN202482709U (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102899996A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-01-30 北京九州一轨隔振技术有限公司 Novel construction method of precast slab assembled floating road bed
CN102899971A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-01-30 北京九州一轨隔振技术有限公司 Precast slab assembled floating road bed
CN102912693A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-02-06 北京九州一轨隔振技术有限公司 Floating track bed precast slab and construction method for precast slab assembled floating track bed
CN102926294A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-02-13 北京九州一轨隔振技术有限公司 Novel precast slab assembled floating track bed
CN103290745A (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-09-11 隔而固(青岛)振动控制有限公司 Multifunctional plate end vibration isolation device
CN103306168A (en) * 2012-03-13 2013-09-18 隔而固(青岛)振动控制有限公司 Prefabricated floating slab track bed and construction method thereof
CN103485242A (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-01-01 隔而固(青岛)振动控制有限公司 Installation and leveling method of prefabricated short floating slab in floating track bed
CN103485243A (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-01-01 隔而固(青岛)振动控制有限公司 Installation, jacking and leveling method of prefabricated floating slab in floating slab track bed
CN109898370A (en) * 2016-12-30 2019-06-18 青岛科而泰环境控制技术有限公司 Plate-type ballastless railway roadbed with backpressure device
CN110670425A (en) * 2019-09-25 2020-01-10 北京九州一轨隔振技术有限公司 Plate end connecting device and rail structure
CN111287024A (en) * 2020-02-21 2020-06-16 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Connecting device and ballastless track
CN111287024B (en) * 2020-02-21 2021-10-12 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Connecting device and ballastless track

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CN103306168B (en) * 2012-03-13 2016-01-20 隔而固(青岛)振动控制有限公司 A kind of prefabricated floating plate railway roadbed and construction method thereof
CN103306168A (en) * 2012-03-13 2013-09-18 隔而固(青岛)振动控制有限公司 Prefabricated floating slab track bed and construction method thereof
CN102912693B (en) * 2012-11-13 2015-05-27 北京九州一轨隔振技术有限公司 Floating track bed precast slab and construction method for precast slab assembled floating track bed
CN102899971A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-01-30 北京九州一轨隔振技术有限公司 Precast slab assembled floating road bed
CN102912693A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-02-06 北京九州一轨隔振技术有限公司 Floating track bed precast slab and construction method for precast slab assembled floating track bed
CN102926294A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-02-13 北京九州一轨隔振技术有限公司 Novel precast slab assembled floating track bed
CN102899996B (en) * 2012-11-13 2015-06-03 北京九州一轨隔振技术有限公司 Novel construction method of precast slab assembled floating road bed
CN102899971B (en) * 2012-11-13 2015-06-03 北京九州一轨隔振技术有限公司 Precast slab assembled floating road bed
CN102926294B (en) * 2012-11-13 2015-05-06 北京九州一轨隔振技术有限公司 Novel precast slab assembled floating track bed
CN102899996A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-01-30 北京九州一轨隔振技术有限公司 Novel construction method of precast slab assembled floating road bed
CN103290745B (en) * 2013-05-09 2015-05-20 隔而固(青岛)振动控制有限公司 Multifunctional plate end vibration isolation device
CN103290745A (en) * 2013-05-09 2013-09-11 隔而固(青岛)振动控制有限公司 Multifunctional plate end vibration isolation device
CN103485243A (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-01-01 隔而固(青岛)振动控制有限公司 Installation, jacking and leveling method of prefabricated floating slab in floating slab track bed
CN103485242A (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-01-01 隔而固(青岛)振动控制有限公司 Installation and leveling method of prefabricated short floating slab in floating track bed
CN103485243B (en) * 2013-10-11 2016-01-06 隔而固(青岛)振动控制有限公司 The installation jacking leveling method of prefabricated floating plate in floating plate railway roadbed
CN103485242B (en) * 2013-10-11 2016-01-20 隔而固(青岛)振动控制有限公司 The installation leveling method of the short floating plate of floating ballast bed middle prefabricated
CN109898370A (en) * 2016-12-30 2019-06-18 青岛科而泰环境控制技术有限公司 Plate-type ballastless railway roadbed with backpressure device
CN110670425A (en) * 2019-09-25 2020-01-10 北京九州一轨隔振技术有限公司 Plate end connecting device and rail structure
CN111287024A (en) * 2020-02-21 2020-06-16 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Connecting device and ballastless track
CN111287024B (en) * 2020-02-21 2021-10-12 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Connecting device and ballastless track

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Granted publication date: 20121010

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