CN202479693U - Three-dimensional laser processing machine - Google Patents

Three-dimensional laser processing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202479693U
CN202479693U CN 201220112813 CN201220112813U CN202479693U CN 202479693 U CN202479693 U CN 202479693U CN 201220112813 CN201220112813 CN 201220112813 CN 201220112813 U CN201220112813 U CN 201220112813U CN 202479693 U CN202479693 U CN 202479693U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
working head
guide rail
seat
axis
laser processing
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201220112813
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡金龙
潘殿生
周鹏飞
Original Assignee
江苏扬力数控机床有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 江苏扬力数控机床有限公司 filed Critical 江苏扬力数控机床有限公司
Priority to CN 201220112813 priority Critical patent/CN202479693U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202479693U publication Critical patent/CN202479693U/en

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Abstract

Provided is a three-dimensional laser processing machine. The utility model relates to a three-dimensional cutting and grinding processing machine with a five-axis linkage function, and provides the three-dimensional laser processing machine which can achieve a three-dimensional five-axis linkage function and is low in cost. The three-dimensional laser processing machine comprises a machine body and a rotary worktable. The machine body comprises a base plate and a vertical plate which are mutually vertical. The rotary worktable is horizontally arranged on the base plate, and the machine body further comprises a horizontally arranged beam, a horizontal sliding plate, a Z-direction seat, a working head seat and a swinging working head. The rotary worktable can rotate relative to the base plate, namely rotating around a Z axis (alpha). The beam can move straightly relative to the vertical plate, namely moving straightly along an X axis. The horizontal sliding plate can move straightly relative to the beam, namely moving straightly along a Y axis. The Z-direction seat can move straightly relative to the horizontal sliding plate, namely moving straightly along a Z axis. The working head can carry out a rotary movement around the Y axis (swinging beta) relative to the working head seat. The three-dimensional laser processing machine is simple in manufacture, low in cost, and good in industrialization prospect.

Description

The three-dimensional laser processing equipment
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of three-dimensional cutting, grinding machinery, relates in particular to three-dimensional cutting, grinding machinery with five-axle linkage function.
Background technology
2011 year-to-date, and the applicant is devoted to once to propose the technical scheme of multinomial three-dimensional five-shaft numerical control laser cutting machine at 2011-5 ~ 2012-2 in the cut machinery R&D process.As: " numerical control laser cutter 201110125783.2 of a kind of combination flooding braking technique of 2011.5.16. and a kind of mounting type parallel connection numerical control laser cutter 201110125789.X ", " a kind of lower-mobility parallel connection five-shaft numerical control laser cutting machine, 201110234063.X and a kind of three-dimensional five-shaft numerical control laser cutting machine 201110234262.0 of 2011.8.16. " or the like.The general character of aforementioned a plurality of technical schemes is to have adopted parallelly connected design concept, for the laser cutting machine market of at present main dependence on import, can reduce users' acquisition cost significantly.But at present domestic still have the low and middle-end client, even if aforementioned parallelly connected device designed cost reduces significantly, but these low and middle-ends client still is difficult to purchase, and caused the technological transformation difficulty of a lot of medium-sized and small enterprises big.
The utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of and can realize three-dimensional five-axle linkage to above problem, and three-dimensional laser processing equipment with low cost.
The technical scheme of the utility model is: comprise fuselage, rotary table; Said fuselage comprises orthogonal base plate and riser; Said rotary table flatly is arranged on the said base plate, comprises that also horizontally disposed crossbeam, horizontal slide plate, Z are to seat, working head base and swing working head;
Upper level at said riser is provided with guide rail one, and the termination of said crossbeam is provided with the guide groove one adaptive with said guide rail one, and the guide groove one of said crossbeam flexibly connects with guide rail one;
A side of said crossbeam is provided with horizontally disposed guide rail two, and the said horizontal slide plate back side is provided with the guide groove two adaptive with said guide rail two, and the guide groove two of said horizontal slide plate flexibly connects with guide rail two;
The front of said horizontal slide plate is provided with the guide rail three perpendicular to horizontal plane, and said Z is provided with the guide groove three adaptive with said guide rail three to the back side of seat, and said Z flexibly connects with guide rail three to the guide groove three of seat;
Said working head base is fixedly connected on said Z to the positive bottom of seat;
Said swing working head is connected the bottom of said working head base through hinge, and said hinge is consistent with the direction of said crossbeam upper rail one.
Said working head is laser cutting head, milling head or grinding machine head.
The workbench of the utility model can be rotated with respect to base plate, promptly around Z axle rotation (α); Crossbeam can move with respect to the riser straight line, promptly along X axle rectilinear motion; Horizontal slide plate can move with respect to the crossbeam straight line, promptly along Y axle rectilinear motion; Z can move with respect to the horizontal slide plate straight line to seat, promptly along Z axle rectilinear motion; At last, working head can be done around Y axle rotatablely move (swing β) for working head base.Be equipped with the corresponding driving motor in each motive position, each drive motors is controlled by a controller, promptly is implemented in the five-axle linkage campaign in the three dimensions.For the corresponding machinery of parallel connection design, the utility model is made more simply, cost is cheaper, and the prospect of carrying out industrialization is better, can serve the user on a large scale, promotes the production technology level of whole society.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view one of the utility model,
Fig. 2 is the schematic perspective view two of the utility model,
Fig. 3 is the schematic perspective view three of the utility model,
Fig. 4 be the utility model user mode with reference to figure one,
Fig. 5 be the utility model user mode with reference to figure two,
Fig. 6 is that the utility model user mode is with reference to figure three;
1 is base plate among the figure, the 2nd, and riser, the 21st, guide rail one, 3rd, crossbeam, the 31st, guide rail two; The 32nd, guide groove one, 4th, Z be to seat, and the 42nd, guide groove three, 5th, horizontal slide plate, the 51st, guide rail three; The 52nd, guide groove two, 6th, working head base, the 61st, swing working head, the 62nd, laser trace, the 7th, workbench; The 8th, workpiece one, 81st, hole slot one, 82nd, hole slot two, 9th, workpiece two, 90th, cutting seam;
In Fig. 1, express the XYZ three-dimensional system of coordinate with dashed lines.
The specific embodiment
The utility model is shown in Fig. 1-3; Comprise fuselage, rotary table 7; Said fuselage comprises orthogonal base plate 1 and riser 2; Said rotary table 7 flatly is arranged on the said base plate 1, comprises that also horizontally disposed crossbeam 3, horizontal slide plate 5, Z are to seat 4, working head base 6 and swing working head 61;
Upper level at said riser 2 is provided with guide rail 1, and the termination of said crossbeam 3 is provided with the guide groove one 32 adaptive with said guide rail 1, and the guide groove 1 of said crossbeam 3 flexibly connects with guide rail 1;
A side of said crossbeam 3 is provided with horizontally disposed guide rail 2 31, and said horizontal slide plate 5 back sides are provided with the guide groove two 52 adaptive with said guide rail 2 31, and the guide groove 2 52 of said horizontal slide plate 5 flexibly connects with guide rail 2 31;
The front of said horizontal slide plate 5 is provided with the guide rail 3 51 perpendicular to horizontal plane, and said Z is provided with the guide groove three 42 adaptive with said guide rail 3 51 to the back side of seat 4, and said Z flexibly connects with guide rail 3 51 to the guide groove 3 42 of seat 4;
Said working head base 6 is fixedly connected on the bottom of said Z to seat 4 fronts;
Said swing working head 61 is connected the bottom of said working head base 6 through hinge, and said hinge is consistent with the direction of said crossbeam 3 upper rails 1.
Said swing working head 61 is a laser cutting head.Be example to load laser cutting head among Fig. 1-6, among the figure 62 shown be laser trace.Working head 61 not only can be a laser cutting head simultaneously, can also be the milling head or the grinding machine head of clamping finger-like, spherical cutter; Be used to realize the cut of different occasions.
The utility model to load laser cutting head is an example:
The utility model user mode one is as shown in Figure 4, to the processing of the hole slot 1 on workpiece 1 (horizontal clamping) inclined-plane.Workpiece 1 is placed on the rotary table 7, utilize working head 61 in the ZOY plane rotatablely move with rectilinear motion, compoundly can accomplish this processing.
The utility model user mode two is as shown in Figure 5, to the processing of the hole slot 2 82 on workpiece 1 (horizontal workpiece) curved surface.Workpiece 1 is placed on the rotary table 7, utilizes working head 61 rotatablely moving and rectilinear motion in the ZOY plane, and straight-line compoundly can accomplish this processing what Z made progress.
The utility model user mode three is as shown in Figure 6, to the processing of workpiece 29 (vertical clamping), utilizes rotatablely move compound with the rotation of rectilinear motion and workbench 7 of working head 61 in the ZOY plane, can accomplish the processing of cutting seam 90.
In addition, the equipment of the utility model can also adapt to the pre-determined bit processing of labyrinth workpiece (surface of space curved surface).First kind of situation is: utilize laser beam on the surface of workpiece space curved surface, to carry out the centering effect that similar appearance is dashed, process a plurality of small through hole, a plurality of small through hole constitute profile, adopt other cutting form again, cut along profile; Second kind of situation is: in the punching of the surface of space curved surface.
The characteristics of the utility model are following:
The location is convenient, quick when 1), cutting.
2), need not to process costliness, three-dimensional laser cutting head that manufacture difficulty is big.A swinging axle, the difficulty of realization is very little.
Need not under the prerequisite of three-dimensional rotation mechanism, realized three-dimensional five cut.Only need a simple cutting head swing mechanism.Cutting head rotating mechanism mechanism is complicated, and pipeline is a lot of on the cutting head, twines easily, and the anglec of rotation is wanted vertical axis+-360 °, and trunnion axis+-90 ° ability guarantees to cut to whole following half sphere.And pendulum angle positive and negative 90 just can be accomplished cutting when spending, and structure has been simplified significantly.
Can be expanded into compound machining center.The rotating disk of changing different model can have different functions again.
The research and development manufacturing cost of a swing mechanism is compared with the laser head rotating mechanism and is wanted simple much easier.
The driving mechanism of each joint motions all is quite simple just easy the realization.
3), servo-actuated control is extremely simple, the synthetic of two motions gets final product on the XOZ plane.And do not need complicated five-axle linkage to realize, do not need special follower yet.Simple calculations is synthetic.Uwx=Uw×sinα;Uwx=Uw×cosα。
4), existing machine reformation gets final product.
5), can carry out square tube, pipe cutting, the cutting of different in nature pipe fitting, the cutting of elliptical tube simultaneously with being more prone to.Especially the cutter to the cheek groove part that great difficulty is arranged most of petroleum pipeline has unrivaled convenience, has better flexibility.
6), install, change different turntable (chuck), frock furniture, just can expanded function, the range of work.
7), perhaps cutting head partly being changed becomes cutting tool, also can be expanded into stock-removing machine and use.These characteristics all are that the lathe of other other version is not available.
8), the axis of oscillation direction is parallel with the Y axle.

Claims (2)

1. three-dimensional laser processing equipment; Comprise fuselage, rotary table; Said fuselage comprises orthogonal base plate and riser; Said rotary table flatly is arranged on the said base plate, it is characterized in that, comprises that also horizontally disposed crossbeam, horizontal slide plate, Z are to seat, working head base and swing working head;
Upper level at said riser is provided with guide rail one, and the termination of said crossbeam is provided with the guide groove one adaptive with said guide rail one, and the guide groove one of said crossbeam flexibly connects with guide rail one;
A side of said crossbeam is provided with horizontally disposed guide rail two, and the said horizontal slide plate back side is provided with the guide groove two adaptive with said guide rail two, and the guide groove two of said horizontal slide plate flexibly connects with guide rail two;
The front of said horizontal slide plate is provided with the guide rail three perpendicular to horizontal plane, and said Z is provided with the guide groove three adaptive with said guide rail three to the back side of seat, and said Z flexibly connects with guide rail three to the guide groove three of seat;
Said working head base is fixedly connected on said Z to the positive bottom of seat;
Said swing working head is connected the bottom of said working head base through hinge, and said hinge is consistent with the direction of said crossbeam upper rail one.
2. three-dimensional laser processing equipment according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said working head is laser cutting head, milling head or grinding machine head.
CN 201220112813 2012-03-22 2012-03-22 Three-dimensional laser processing machine CN202479693U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220112813 CN202479693U (en) 2012-03-22 2012-03-22 Three-dimensional laser processing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220112813 CN202479693U (en) 2012-03-22 2012-03-22 Three-dimensional laser processing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202479693U true CN202479693U (en) 2012-10-10

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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CN (1) CN202479693U (en)

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103465260A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-25 武汉筑梦科技有限公司 Multifunctional vision testbed
CN103673909A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-03-26 苏州博众精工科技有限公司 Laser detection mechanism
CN103817368A (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-05-28 大连理工大学 Method of machining carbon-fibre composite material by combination of laser and machinery
CN103846556A (en) * 2012-12-05 2014-06-11 朱玉静 Laser cutting carrier
CN104057720A (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-09-24 兰州理工大学 Special automatic positioning mechanism for aluminum ingot laser marking
CN104325220A (en) * 2014-10-22 2015-02-04 华南理工大学 Multifunctional laser hybrid processing equipment and method
CN104400220A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-03-11 广州明珞汽车装备有限公司 Flexible general splicing system adopting laser welding for welding
CN104923922A (en) * 2014-03-18 2015-09-23 中国国际海运集装箱(集团)股份有限公司 Laser cutting equipment and laser cutting method
CN105458521A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-04-06 广东大族粤铭激光集团股份有限公司 Laser cutting machine
CN105935839A (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-09-14 南京国轩电池有限公司 Laser cutting machine for square lithium battery
CN106853556A (en) * 2015-12-09 2017-06-16 彭翔 Multi-shaft interlocked ultrafast laser machining system
CN107745213A (en) * 2017-09-21 2018-03-02 佛山市富可思自动化设备有限公司 Five axle focusing systems
CN107775700A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-03-09 山东大学齐鲁医院 A kind of servicing unit and method suitable for orthodontic retainer cutting
CN107877001A (en) * 2016-06-12 2018-04-06 湖南湘讯企业管理有限公司 A kind of light guide plate cutting mechanism
CN109262049A (en) * 2018-08-17 2019-01-25 佛山市洵腾科技有限公司 A kind of handware cutting machine of recyclable scrap
CN109365998A (en) * 2018-12-24 2019-02-22 中南大学 Laser soldering device and vision positioning method based on machine vision positioning

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103846556A (en) * 2012-12-05 2014-06-11 朱玉静 Laser cutting carrier
CN103465260B (en) * 2013-09-18 2016-08-17 武汉筑梦科技有限公司 Multifunctional visual sense testing stand
CN103465260A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-25 武汉筑梦科技有限公司 Multifunctional vision testbed
CN103673909A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-03-26 苏州博众精工科技有限公司 Laser detection mechanism
CN103673909B (en) * 2013-12-23 2016-04-06 苏州博众精工科技有限公司 A kind of laser detection mechanism
CN103817368A (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-05-28 大连理工大学 Method of machining carbon-fibre composite material by combination of laser and machinery
CN104923922A (en) * 2014-03-18 2015-09-23 中国国际海运集装箱(集团)股份有限公司 Laser cutting equipment and laser cutting method
CN104057720A (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-09-24 兰州理工大学 Special automatic positioning mechanism for aluminum ingot laser marking
CN104057720B (en) * 2014-06-30 2018-02-06 兰州理工大学 The Special Automatic detent mechanism of aluminium ingot laser marking
CN104325220A (en) * 2014-10-22 2015-02-04 华南理工大学 Multifunctional laser hybrid processing equipment and method
CN104325220B (en) * 2014-10-22 2016-10-05 华南理工大学 A kind of multifunction laser combined-machining equipment and method
CN104400220A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-03-11 广州明珞汽车装备有限公司 Flexible general splicing system adopting laser welding for welding
CN106853556A (en) * 2015-12-09 2017-06-16 彭翔 Multi-shaft interlocked ultrafast laser machining system
CN105458521A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-04-06 广东大族粤铭激光集团股份有限公司 Laser cutting machine
CN105935839A (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-09-14 南京国轩电池有限公司 Laser cutting machine for square lithium battery
CN107877001A (en) * 2016-06-12 2018-04-06 湖南湘讯企业管理有限公司 A kind of light guide plate cutting mechanism
CN107877000A (en) * 2016-06-12 2018-04-06 湖南湘讯企业管理有限公司 A kind of light guide plate cutting mechanism
CN107745213A (en) * 2017-09-21 2018-03-02 佛山市富可思自动化设备有限公司 Five axle focusing systems
CN107745213B (en) * 2017-09-21 2019-08-13 佛山市富可思自动化设备有限公司 Five axis focusing systems
CN107775700A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-03-09 山东大学齐鲁医院 A kind of servicing unit and method suitable for orthodontic retainer cutting
CN109262049A (en) * 2018-08-17 2019-01-25 佛山市洵腾科技有限公司 A kind of handware cutting machine of recyclable scrap
CN109365998A (en) * 2018-12-24 2019-02-22 中南大学 Laser soldering device and vision positioning method based on machine vision positioning

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121010

Termination date: 20190322

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee