CN202460199U - Oil, water and sludge separation device for treating water - Google Patents

Oil, water and sludge separation device for treating water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202460199U
CN202460199U CN2011204800563U CN201120480056U CN202460199U CN 202460199 U CN202460199 U CN 202460199U CN 2011204800563 U CN2011204800563 U CN 2011204800563U CN 201120480056 U CN201120480056 U CN 201120480056U CN 202460199 U CN202460199 U CN 202460199U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rectangular
plate
water
clear water
screen pack
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011204800563U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王海人
曹志勇
王麒钧
屈均娥
周洋
张俊
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Hubei University
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Hubei University
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Priority to CN2011204800563U priority Critical patent/CN202460199U/en
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Publication of CN202460199U publication Critical patent/CN202460199U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model provides an oil, water and sludge separation device for treating water. Oil, water and sludge can be automatically separated through dynamic water treatment by an inclined plate intersection scheme, a middle plate partition scheme, a pan bottom sediment scheme, a three-layer filter screen separation scheme and other schemes. The device is a vertical tank-shaped sealed container which is arranged vertically; the upper part of the container is rectangular, and the lower part of the container is inversely pyramidal; a clapboard is arranged in a rectangular shell and is used for dividing the rectangular shell into two inner cavities of different sizes; an oil discharge outlet, a wastewater inlet and rectangular inclined plates arranged in a staggered mode are arranged in the large inner cavity; a clean water outlet, a rectangular dense hole filter screen plate, a rectangular intermediate hole filter screen plate and a rectangular large hole filter screen plate are arranged in the smaller inner cavity respectively; and the lower end of an inversely-pyramidal tank body at the bottom of a tank is connected with a sludge discharge outlet. The device has an advanced separation method and a simple structure, is high in treatment efficiency, and does not need electric power in the operating process.

Description

A kind of water treatment is with profit slag separator
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of water treatment with profit slag separator, is specially the separation equipment of a kind of Dynamic Separation oil-containing slag inclusion wastewater treatment or other oil-containing slag inclusion liquid, belongs to separation and filter plant technical field in the fluid machinery.
Background technology
In the industries such as metallurgical coking industry, oil field, hospital, hotel, restaurant and pharmacy, fine chemistry industry, petrochemical industry processing; Oil-containing, slag inclusion wastewater treatment, perhaps the isolation technics and the equipment of other oil-containing slag inclusion liquid are to be related to waste disposal and utilization; The important content that helps environmental protection; Existing profit slag separation method mainly contains: Gravity Separation technology and centrifugal separation method etc., Chinese utility model patent " profit slag three-phase efficient cyclone " (application number: 200320103407.4 applyings date: 2003-11-13) disclosed three phase separator, adopt gravitational separation process; Profit slag to waste water separates; Weak point is: tiny oily particulate is just discharged with water than being easier to, and same tiny sediment also is brought out easily, can not separate greatly; Utility model patent " a kind of slagging-off oil-water separator " (application number: 02244634.6 applying date: 2001-11-01) disclosed; It also is gravitational separation process; Its weak point is: complex structure, both used plate, pipe, net, cover, case, corrugated plating etc., and also need use motor; Chinese invention patent " three-leg automatic residue discharging oil-water separation filtering machine " (application number: 200610134299.5 applyings date: 2006-11-20) adopt centrifugal separation technology; Owing to need other multiple parts such as pump, ring, plate, film, filter core, damping block, cause complex structure, clean difficulty, the high deficiency of cost.In a word; Existing profit slag isolation technics with the ubiquitous shortcoming of device is: profit slag three-phase is fine can not well to be separated; Complex structure, treatment effeciency is low, processing speed is slow, processing cost is high, particularly when the needs recoil and when cleaning, and must be after shut-down; By artificial detaching device shell, carry out inner clean again.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to ask a question and the deficiency of prior art to background technology; A kind of water treatment is proposed with profit slag separator; Adopt schemes such as staggered swash plate, central baffle, the bottom of a pan sediment, three metafiltration net separation to realize that the automatic profit slag of dynamic water treatment separates, the good separating effect of said device, simple in structure, treatment effeciency is high, it is low need not add electric power, making and operating cost.
The technical scheme of the utility model is: a kind of water treatment is with profit slag separator; It is a vertical vertical tank shape airtight container of placing; Comprise a jar kerve body, swash plate, dividing plate, sieve plate, oil drain out, slag-drip opening, waterwater entrance and clear water output, it is characterized in that: said vertical tank shape airtight container is that a top is that rectangle, bottom are the metal shell of square taper; Have a vertical rectangular clapboard of placing that rectangular housing is divided into two inner chambers that vary in size in the rectangular housing from top to bottom, the volume of big inner chamber is two times of less cavity volume; In the big inner chamber, oil drain out, waterwater entrance arranged respectively from top to bottom, also have the rectangle swash plate of at least six branch left and right sides interlaced arrangement; In the less inner chamber; Clear water output is arranged respectively from top to bottom, be connected in close hole screen pack, mesopore screen pack and gross porosity screen pack between rectangular housing and the rectangular clapboard, said clear water output also is to be used to the into recoil water inlet of water when cleaning said screen pack; Square taper metal shell is a jar kerve body, and a jar kerve body lower end is connected with slag-drip opening.
Aforesaid a kind of water treatment is characterized in that with profit slag separator: described vertical tank shape airtight container also can be that a top is that cylindrical, bottom is the metal shell of inverted cone-shaped, and supersonic generator is around the cylindrical housings outside; Have a vertical rectangular clapboard of placing that cylindrical housings is divided into two inner chambers that vary in size in the cylindrical housings from top to bottom, the volume of big inner chamber is two times of less cavity volume; In the big inner chamber, oil drain out, waterwater entrance, branch left and right sides interlaced arrangement swash plate and the air supporting coil pipe between cylindrical housings and rectangular clapboard arranged respectively from top to bottom; In the said less inner chamber, be separately installed with clear water output from top to bottom and be arranged in cylindrical housings and rectangular clapboard between the three layer filtration web plate, its middle and upper part is a close hole screen pack, the centre is the mesopore screen pack, the bottom is the gross porosity screen pack; Said inverted cone-shaped metal shell is a jar kerve body, and said jar of kerve body lower end is connected with slag-drip opening.
Aforesaid a kind of water treatment is characterized in that with profit slag separator: described swash plate is the metallic plate that part has circular hole, and said perforate partly is positioned at the zone that the swash plate upper end accounts for total length 5~10%, aperture 3~6mm, percent opening >=70%.Its beneficial effect is: the swash plate upper end that has circular hole helps oil step by step to the top emersion, after the oil drain out outflow.
Aforesaid a kind of water treatment is characterized in that with profit slag separator: said rectangular clapboard also can be downward from the top, and towards the less oblique dress content to retain sovereignty over a part of the country of cavity one side of volume, angle is 3~8 degree between the rectangular clapboard plate face of said oblique dress content to retain sovereignty over a part of the country and the vertical line.Its beneficial effect is: oil content can be discharged waste oil for a long time faster in waste water.
Aforesaid a kind of water treatment is with profit slag separator; It is characterized in that: the installation site of described oil drain out, waterwater entrance and clear water output is respectively: oil drain out is the highest; The waterwater entrance position is lower than the clear water output position; Also can be that oil drain out is the highest, waterwater entrance and clear water output be sustained height.Its beneficial effect is: when waste water was squeezed into the form of pump, waterwater entrance was lower slightly than clear water output, had the part clear water to flow backwards when then being convenient to stop to take out waste water and came to clean automatically filter screen; When waste water flowed into the profit pulp separator with natural way, the waterwater entrance of same level height, clear water output can prevent the clear water waste water import of flowing backwards.
The utility model water treatment with the operation principle of profit slag separator is: after 1, waste water gets into this device from waterwater entrance, impact on central baffle and the top swash plate, reflux downwards then, most of oil reservoir floats on top, and thick slag sinks because of the gravity effect.2, current are through second to layer 6 swash plate back and forth behind the divertical motion, and thick slag basically down gathers above the swash plate, gather and fall into a jar kerve body from lowermost end automatically after a certain amount of.Thin oil droplet is separated enrichment to the bottom surface of swash plate, along with the continuous enrichment of thin oil droplet is grown up, behind the certain size can by water slug be discharged into the swash plate top, again by swash plate top circular hole row to the top oil reservoir; The oil reservoir enrichment is discharged from oil drain out after a certain amount of automatically.3, waste water is through after the above-mentioned steps; Profit and thick slag separate fully basically; Current turn round from this bottom of device and upwards get into precision processing zone, central baffle the right; Thick slag is basic because the gravity effect is separated, and current filter through from top to bottom carse, medium and small hole screen pack again, and last clear water is got rid of from clear water output.4, clear water output also is the backwashing water inlet, and this device is provided with automatic backwash according to the stopping state that how much reaches mesh on the screen pack of dregs of fat amount contained in the water, can clean up fully also to have reached simultaneously the permanent purpose of exempting to dismantle of this equipment.
The utility model beneficial effect is: 1, this profit slag separator is a kind of dynamically continuous water treatment facilities, continuously oil removing, slagging-off, draining.2, whole water treatment procedure can be provided with automatically and carry out, and lets waste water flow through the separation purpose that this device just can reach the profit slag, can not electricity consumption, and let waste water flow through the separation purpose that this device just can reach the profit slag, treatment effeciency is high, and processing cost is low.3, waste water is separated through the enrichment of multilayer swash plate, rectangular clapboard through flowing this device, current direction from top to bottom, from left to right repeatedly circulation, after operations such as smart filtration can reach the profit slag and separate purpose fully.4, the utility model is simple in structure, only is made up of plate type part (screen pack also is a plank frame), can discharge.5, that waterwater entrance can be set is lower slightly than clear water output for treating apparatus, if waste water is squeezed into the form of pump, has the part clear water to flow backwards when stopping to take out waste water and comes to accomplish the mesh purpose on the automatic cleaning and filtering web plate.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the utility model example structure sketch map;
Accompanying drawing 2 is the sketch map of swash plate in the accompanying drawing 1.
The specific embodiment
Mark in the accompanying drawing: in the accompanying drawing 1,1-slag-drip opening, 2-jar kerve body, 4-clear water output, 5-screen pack, 6-rectangular clapboard, 7-oil drain out, 8-waterwater entrance, 9-swash plate.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model embodiment is further specified:
Embodiment one: the water treatment shown in accompanying drawing 1 is a vertical vertical tank shape airtight container of placing with profit slag separator, and its top is that rectangle, bottom are the metal shell of square taper; Rectangular clapboard 6 vertically is divided into two inner chambers that vary in size with rectangular housing, and the volume of big inner chamber is two times of less cavity volume; Rectangular clapboard 6 lower end left avertences to the angle with vertical line is 5 degree; Oil drain out 7, waterwater entrance 8 are positioned at the top of big inner chamber; The swash plate 9 of six branch left and right sides interlaced arrangement also is arranged in big cavity, and an end of swash plate 9 (seeing accompanying drawing 2) has circular hole, and circular hole is positioned at the zone that the swash plate upper end accounts for swash plate length 5~10%; Aperture 3~6mm, percent opening >=70%.
In the less inner chamber in the left side, clear water output 4, three screen packs 5 are arranged respectively from top to bottom, wherein be that top is close hole screen pack that the middle part is the mesopore sieve plate, the bottom is the gross porosity sieve plate; Square taper metal shell is a jar kerve body 2, and jar kerve body 2 lower ends are connected with slag-drip opening 1.
Embodiment two: vertical tank shape airtight container also can be that a top is that cylindrical, bottom is the metal shell of inverted cone-shaped; Have a vertical rectangular clapboard of placing that cylindrical housings is divided into two inner chambers that vary in size in the cylindrical housings from top to bottom, the volume of big inner chamber is two times of less cavity volume; In the big inner chamber, oil drain out, waterwater entrance, branch left and right sides interlaced arrangement are arranged in coniform metal shell inboard and the swash plate in rectangular clapboard left side from top to bottom respectively; In the less inner chamber, clear water output, three screen packs are arranged respectively from top to bottom, wherein be that top is close hole screen pack that the middle part is the mesopore sieve plate, the bottom is the gross porosity sieve plate; Described three sieve plate left and right sides are arranged between coniform metal shell inboard and the rectangular clapboard; The inverted cone-shaped metal shell is a jar kerve body, and a jar kerve body lower end is connected with slag-drip opening.
Embodiment three: waterwater entrance 8 is installed in same level height with clear water output 4, but is lower than oil drain out 7, and other part-structure is identical with embodiment one.
The utility model water treatment is following with the profit slag separation method of profit slag separator:
After waste water is squeezed into this device from waterwater entrance 8 with the mode of pump, impact central baffle 6 with above the top swash plate 9, reflux then downwards, most of oil reservoir floats on top, thick slag sinks.Current are through second and third layer swash plate 9 back and forth behind the divertical motion, thick slag basically down gather swash plate 9 top, gather a certain amount of back falls into shelf jar kerve body 2 automatically from lowermost end bottom.Thin oil droplet is separated enrichment to the lower surface of swash plate 9, along with the continuous enrichment of thin oil droplet is grown up, behind the certain size can by water slug the top that is discharged into swash plate 9 lower surfaces, again by swash plate 9 upper end circular holes rows to the top oil reservoir; The oil reservoir enrichment is discharged from oil drain out 7 after a certain amount of automatically.Waste water is through after the above-mentioned processing; Oil, thick slag are basically thoroughly separated; Current turn round from this bottom of device and upwards get into precision processing zone, rectangular clapboard 6 the right; Thick slag is basic because the gravity effect is separated, and current filter through the mesh on the carse, medium and small three layer filtration web plate altogether from top to bottom again, and last clear water is got rid of from clear water output 4.When the waste water pump of outside stopped to pump waste water, the waterwater entrance 8 that is provided with because of present embodiment was lower slightly than clear water output 4, had the part clear water to flow backwards when stopping to smoke waste water to come to accomplish to clean automatically the three layer filtration mesh.If the utility model device is after the separating treatment of carrying out long profit slag; Residue on the screen pack is a lot; Mesh on the screen pack is blocked can't clean naturally the time; Equipment cleans through anti-, reaches clean screen pack purpose, and its operating process is: the mesh on the reverse cleaning and filtering web plate of the clear water output 4 outside clear water of introducing is until cleaning up.

Claims (5)

1. a water treatment is with profit slag separator; It is a vertical vertical tank shape airtight container of placing; Comprise a jar kerve body, swash plate, dividing plate, sieve plate, oil drain out, slag-drip opening, waterwater entrance and clear water output, it is characterized in that: said vertical tank shape airtight container is that a top is that rectangle, bottom are the metal shell of square taper; Have a vertical rectangular clapboard of placing that rectangular housing is divided into two different inner chambers of volume size in the rectangular housing from top to bottom, the volume of big inner chamber is two times of less cavity volume; In the big inner chamber, oil drain out, waterwater entrance are arranged respectively from top to bottom, also have at least six staggered, be connected in rectangle swash plate on rectangular housing and the dividing plate respectively; In the less inner chamber, clear water output arranged respectively from top to bottom, be connected in close hole screen pack, mesopore screen pack and gross porosity screen pack between rectangular housing and the rectangular clapboard; Square taper shell is a jar kerve body, and a jar kerve body lower end is connected with slag-drip opening.
2. a kind of water treatment as claimed in claim 1 is with profit slag separator; It is characterized in that: described vertical tank shape airtight container also can be that a top is that cylindrical, bottom is the metal shell of inverted cone-shaped, and supersonic generator is around the cylindrical housings outside; Have a vertical rectangular clapboard of placing that cylindrical housings is divided into two inner chambers that vary in size in the cylindrical housings from top to bottom, the volume of big inner chamber is two times of less cavity volume; In the big inner chamber, oil drain out, waterwater entrance, branch left and right sides interlaced arrangement swash plate and the air supporting coil pipe between cylindrical housings and rectangular clapboard arranged respectively from top to bottom; In the said less inner chamber, be separately installed with clear water output from top to bottom and be arranged in cylindrical housings and rectangular clapboard between the three layer filtration web plate, its middle and upper part is a close hole screen pack, the centre is the mesopore screen pack, the bottom is the gross porosity screen pack; Said inverted cone-shaped metal shell is a jar kerve body, and said jar of kerve body lower end is connected with slag-drip opening.
3. a kind of water treatment as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that with profit slag separator: described swash plate is the plate that part has circular hole, and said perforate partly is positioned at the zone that the swash plate upper end accounts for total length 5~10%, aperture 3~6mm, percent opening >=70%.
4. a kind of water treatment as claimed in claim 1 is with profit slag separator; It is characterized in that: said rectangular clapboard also can be downward from the top; Towards the less oblique dress content to retain sovereignty over a part of the country of cavity one side of volume, angle is 3~8 degree between the rectangular clapboard plate face of said oblique dress content to retain sovereignty over a part of the country and the vertical line.
5. a kind of water treatment as claimed in claim 1 is with profit slag separator; It is characterized in that: the installation site of described oil drain out, waterwater entrance and clear water output is respectively: oil drain out is the highest; The waterwater entrance position is lower than the clear water output position; Also can be that oil drain out is the highest, waterwater entrance and clear water output be sustained height.
CN2011204800563U 2011-11-28 2011-11-28 Oil, water and sludge separation device for treating water Expired - Fee Related CN202460199U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204800563U CN202460199U (en) 2011-11-28 2011-11-28 Oil, water and sludge separation device for treating water

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204800563U CN202460199U (en) 2011-11-28 2011-11-28 Oil, water and sludge separation device for treating water

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102910768A (en) * 2012-10-23 2013-02-06 王麒钧 Multi-stage runner type waste water treating device and waste water treating method
CN103043753A (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-04-17 王麒钧 Electrochemical wastewater treatment method and device capable of continuously separating oil, water and residue
CN103420518A (en) * 2013-08-19 2013-12-04 宋汶芸 Oil-water separating device
CN103752081A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-04-30 王晓伟 Horizontal dirt separator for water system
CN103785222A (en) * 2014-02-25 2014-05-14 金华职业技术学院 Settling type anti-blocking filter
CN104370334A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-02-25 中国石油大学(北京) Air-floatation oil removal experiment device
CN104524813A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-04-22 中山大学 On-line type oil-water separation apparatus
CN104984587A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-10-21 国家环境分析测试中心 Portable wild water solid-phase extraction and enrichment device
CN105413235A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-03-23 中国海洋石油总公司 Novel coalescence mechanism for three-phase separator and application method of three-phase separator adopting coalescence mechanism
CN106745891A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-31 广西芮芽科技有限公司 Kitchen waste water processing unit
CN109276217A (en) * 2018-12-05 2019-01-29 宁波敖群电器有限公司 Filter drives platform in real time
CN110314438A (en) * 2019-07-25 2019-10-11 温州林嘉建筑有限公司 A kind of municipal sewage system
CN109276217B (en) * 2018-12-05 2021-12-24 济宁市龙浩钢管制造有限公司 Real-time driving platform for filter

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102910768A (en) * 2012-10-23 2013-02-06 王麒钧 Multi-stage runner type waste water treating device and waste water treating method
CN103043753A (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-04-17 王麒钧 Electrochemical wastewater treatment method and device capable of continuously separating oil, water and residue
CN103043753B (en) * 2012-12-18 2014-04-16 王麒钧 Electrochemical wastewater treatment method and device capable of continuously separating oil, water and residue
CN103420518A (en) * 2013-08-19 2013-12-04 宋汶芸 Oil-water separating device
CN103752081A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-04-30 王晓伟 Horizontal dirt separator for water system
CN103785222A (en) * 2014-02-25 2014-05-14 金华职业技术学院 Settling type anti-blocking filter
CN104370334A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-02-25 中国石油大学(北京) Air-floatation oil removal experiment device
CN104524813A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-04-22 中山大学 On-line type oil-water separation apparatus
CN104984587A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-10-21 国家环境分析测试中心 Portable wild water solid-phase extraction and enrichment device
CN105413235A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-03-23 中国海洋石油总公司 Novel coalescence mechanism for three-phase separator and application method of three-phase separator adopting coalescence mechanism
CN106745891A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-31 广西芮芽科技有限公司 Kitchen waste water processing unit
CN106745891B (en) * 2016-12-23 2019-12-06 吴苏怀 Kitchen wastewater treatment device
CN109276217A (en) * 2018-12-05 2019-01-29 宁波敖群电器有限公司 Filter drives platform in real time
CN109276217B (en) * 2018-12-05 2021-12-24 济宁市龙浩钢管制造有限公司 Real-time driving platform for filter
CN110314438A (en) * 2019-07-25 2019-10-11 温州林嘉建筑有限公司 A kind of municipal sewage system
CN110314438B (en) * 2019-07-25 2021-04-06 温州林嘉建筑有限公司 Municipal administration sewage treatment system

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