CN202446874U - Hydraulic cyclone sand setting device - Google Patents

Hydraulic cyclone sand setting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202446874U
CN202446874U CN2012200357509U CN201220035750U CN202446874U CN 202446874 U CN202446874 U CN 202446874U CN 2012200357509 U CN2012200357509 U CN 2012200357509U CN 201220035750 U CN201220035750 U CN 201220035750U CN 202446874 U CN202446874 U CN 202446874U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
sand setting
hydraulic cyclone
mud
cyclone sand
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012200357509U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许宜平
张盘新
郑涛
许亮
姜犇
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JIANGSU ZHONGCHAO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO., LTD.
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JIANGSU ZHONGCHAO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO Ltd
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Priority to CN2012200357509U priority Critical patent/CN202446874U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202446874U publication Critical patent/CN202446874U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a hydraulic cyclone sand setting device which is characterized in that a vertical internal guide cylinder with relatively low concentric degree with a round cylinder is arranged in the round cylinder, the wall surface of the middle-lower part of the guide cylinder is provided with a plurality of through water guide holes, a lower liquid surface overflowing discharging water pipe is arranged in the guide cylinder, a lower mud discharging hopper is in an annular shape, and a plurality of valve-controlled mud discharging ports are distributed at the bottom, so that inflowing water and discharged water can be separated, the inflowing water is in an independent rotational flow separation area, needed water flowing speeds and needed water flowing states for the separation can be ensured, mud and sand can be separated relatively thorough, a phenomenon that the inflowing water is discharged in a short flow state can be completely avoided, in addition, precipitation separation can be further carried out on non-separated fine mud and sand in water flow divided by cyclone flow in the internal guide barrel, particularly, an inclined pipe or an inclined separation device is arranged in the internal guide barrel, the separation efficiency of the fine mud and sand can be improved, and the cyclone flow separation effect is relatively good. The annular-cone-shaped mud discharging hopper can discharge mud in a multiple point mode, so that not only is the volume of the mud hopper effectively increased, but also the load for mud discharging is dispersed, and blockage is not easily generated. The hydraulic cyclone sand setting device overcomes the defects which are inherent by the hydraulic cyclone flow sand setting device and are difficult to overcome in the prior art.

Description

Hydraulic cyclone sand setting device
Technical field
Utility model is the improvement to hydraulic cyclone sand setting device, relates in particular to a kind of water flow velocity and fluidised form and keeps, the hydraulic cyclone sand setting device that the sand separated form water is effective.
Background technology
Its effect of water treatment sand setting mainly is from sewage, to separate the bigger inorganic particle of relative density; The sand setting operation is generally at pretreatment stage; Main protection water pump and pipeline are avoided wearing and tearing; And prevent the obstruction of subsequent treatment structures pipeline and reducing of Treatment of Sludge structures volume, and increase the content of mud organic component, improve Treatment of Sludge efficient.Prior art sand setting device mainly is divided into three kinds of forms by principle: flat flow, aeration type and spiral-flow type.The flat flow simple structure, but treatment effect is not good; Although the aeration type desanding effect is relatively stable, need in the pond, to feed enough air, cause cost, operation and administrative expenses to increase; The hydraulic cyclone formula is that into water gets into along tangential direction in certain flow rate, produces the hydraulic cyclone effect, utilizes particle such as silt suspension different with the density of water, under the action of the centrifugal, silt particle is separated with sewage, reaches the purpose of desanding.Advantage such as have capital construction, operating cost is low and desanding effect is good is by extensively utilization.
Traditional hydraulic cyclone sand setting device (Fig. 3,4), basic structure is a hollow cylinder, and the sediment outflow bucket is arranged at the bottom, and tangential water inlet 1 is arranged at cylinder top, and periphery has delivery port 11.This structure hydraulic cyclone desanding device, intake-outlet close together and be arranged on the same side, water directly gets into round pond from the water inlet irrigation canals and ditches; Cross the water cross section and change and add that tangent line gets into, though can produce certain cyclonic action since water inlet directly with setting pot in water mix; Make that water flow velocity and fluidised form are difficult to keep in the setting pot; And eddy flow desanding fluidised form and flow velocity are the key factors of sand setting effect quality, and objectively control the bad short-circuit flow that is easy to produce, and promptly current directly flow to delivery port from water inlet; Can in the pond, not rotate, just be difficult to reach the eddy flow desanding yet.Secondly, bucket in the middle of spoil disposal directly is discharged to, single-point spoil disposal load in bottom is too high, easy blocking.
Chinese patent CN201135932 combined type hydrocyclone; The efficient hydrocyclone of Chinese patent CN2377003, the hydrocyclone of CN201823617U center band air conduit is though carried out some improvement to the eddy flow desanding; But aforesaid drawbacks is not resolved yet, still exists.
Chinese patent CN2454036 hydrocyclone spigot; Just singly on sludge bucket, improve, promptly open a plurality of mud discharging mouths, though can alleviate the spoil disposal load at traditional taper bucket limit upside; But there is the deposition problem in mud discharging mouth with the lower part, does not fundamentally solve the spoil disposal blockage problem.
Above-mentioned deficiency still has is worth improved place.
The utility model content
Utility model is to overcome the deficiency of prior art, provides a kind of water flow velocity and fluidised form to keep, the hydraulic cyclone sand setting device that the sand separated form water is effective.
The realization of utility model, mainly improving one is that less vertical inner draft tube is set in the sediment by rotational flow tube with one heart, makes that the interlayer district becomes annular eddy flow district between whirl cylinder and inner draft tube, guarantees water inlet flow velocity and fluidised form that sand setting is required; The 2nd, outlet pipe is separated with water inlet and is arranged in the inner draft tube, interferences of avoiding and intake, thus overcome the deficiency of prior art, realization utility model purpose.Specifically; Utility model hydraulic cyclone sand setting device comprises circular cylinder body, the upper tangential water inlet; And lower bank bucket; It is characterized in that having in the circular cylinder body less vertical inner draft tube with one heart, guide shell middle and lower part hoop wall has some admittance water holes of being used to, and has in the guide shell to discharge water pipe under the liquid level overflow; The lower bank bucket ringwise, the bottom is distributed with plurality of valves control mud discharging mouth.
Before detailed description, earlier do an introduction, so that those skilled in the art have one clearly to understand to this patent invention general plotting technical scheme and the basic fundamental effect that reaches through the basic function and the effect that can reach to invention.
Utility model hydraulic cyclone sand setting device because with one heart vertical guide shell is set, forms an independent annular space between vertical guide shell and device case in whirl cylinder, can effectively guarantee the stable of flow-shape and flow velocity of intaking; Make water inlet eddy flow district separate with exhalant region simultaneously, eddy flow has isolated area, avoids adjacent both interference with water outlet, and it is unstable to produce water flow velocity and fluidised form, influences sand setting.Water inlet tangentially flows into independent eddy flow district with certain flow rate like this, and under the promotion of water inlet current, pending water with certain flow rate, is made repeatedly continuous cyclone in annular eddy flow district, under the action of the centrifugal, reach sand water and fully separate.Some apopores that water is laid by guide shell middle and lower part peripheral wall surfaces behind the cyclonic separation silt particle get in the guide shell and steadily rise, and steady relatively because of current, can also further carry out sand water Gravity Separation, and clean water enters outlet pipe through the liquid level overflow and discharges.The cyclonic separation silt particle glides along the sediment by rotational flow tube wall surface, falls into the lower annular mud-removing bucket, is gone out by a plurality of valve control mud discharging mouths.
In the utility model.
Inner draft tube middle and lower part wall water-guiding hole, its major function be with in the eddy flow district in cyclonic separation water imports guide shell, discharge at last, its hole shape can be any a few lotus shape, its percent opening satisfies the eddy flow time of staying and requires to get final product.
Water pipe is discharged in the liquid level overflow down, and major function is to collect guide shell liquid level water to discharge rotational flow sand sinking device, and it discharges water pipe down can be straight down, also can be that bending is radially discharged below the liquid level overflow.It discharges water pipe down can be straight down, also can be that the bending folding is radially discharged in the bottom, wherein is preferably employing and discharges straight down.
Annular row bucket, main effect are collection mud spoil disposals, and the more former taper sludge hopper of annular sludge hopper volume is bigger.For making silt particle quick separate and subside from water, wherein a kind of better mud-removing bucket employing encircles taper, and the inside and outside two skew wall faces of ring taper more help silt particle separation downslide and sink to the bottom.Encircle the taper mud-removing bucket, consider that the precipitating sludge size ratio is less in the guide shell, proportion is low, so the inboard cone angle of sludge bucket is suitable big, promptly interior cone angle can make it more be slipped in the sludge bucket smoothly naturally greater than outside cone angle β.Proving ring taper mud-removing bucket, cone angle is preferably 50 ° ~ 60 ° in it, and outside cone angle β is preferably 45 ° ~ 55 °.Bottom valve control mud discharging mouth (for example 3 ~ 6, concrete visual water quality condition confirm), regular gravity spoil disposal a kind ofly adopts symmetry to be uniformly distributed with setting well, with abundant decomposition spoil disposal load, avoids each mud discharging mouth load different, reduces the big mud discharging mouth clogging of load and takes place.Mud valve can adopt manually, also can adopt automatically controlledly, looks actual needs.
In addition.
In order further to separate the tiny silt particle that after cyclonic separation, still exists; Reduce follow-up load; A kind of better is that inclined tube or swash plate separator are set above the water inlet in inner draft tube; Make pending water from bottom to top steadily through inclined tube or swash plate, make the tiny suspended particulate of failing to precipitate obtain sedimentation separation, remove the silt particle effect to improve eddy flow through inclined tube or swash plate through eddy flow.
For eddy flow district and quiescent setting exhalant region are better coordinated, test shows that the inner draft tube diameter is preferably the 0.6-0.8 of eddy flow circular cylinder body diameter.
Utility model hydraulic cyclone sand setting device is with respect to prior art, owing in whirl cylinder, set up concentric inner draft tube; Water separates with discharge water thereby make into, makes into that water has independent cyclonic separation district, guarantees to separate required water flow velocity and fluidised form; Handle water can be in the eddy flow district eddy flow repeatedly; Silt particle separates more thorough, has avoided the Inlet and outlet water interference, causes eddy flow flow velocity and fluidised form can not remain on good cyclonic separation state; Influence the cyclonic separation effect, and avoid the into short stream discharge of water phenomenon generation fully; Secondly; Inner draft tube is provided with, and also feasible current through cyclonic are under relative plateau; Can further make and fail to separate thin silt particle through eddy flow and obtain precipitate and separate; Inclined tube or swash plate separator particularly are set in inner draft tube, have improved tiny silt particle separative efficiency especially, make the cyclonic separation better effects if.Adopt discoid effluent weir to collect draining, weir is collected in its big water outlet, and even especially water outlet can more not help improving the precipitate and separate effect to flow rate of water flow and fluidised form generation disturbance.Ring taper mud-removing bucket multiple spot spoil disposal not only effectively increases bucket capacity, and disperses the spoil disposal load, is not easy to stop up.Overcome the intrinsic shortcoming that is difficult to overcome of prior art hydraulic cyclone sand setting device.
Below in conjunction with two exemplary embodiments; Utility model essence is further understood in exemplary illustration and help; But the embodiment detail only is in order utility model to be described, not to be represented utility model design whole technical schemes down, therefore should not be construed as the total technical scheme of utility model to be limited; Some are In the view of the technical staff; The unsubstantiality that does not depart from utility model design increases and/or changes, and simple the change or replacement of technical characterictic to have same or similar technique effect for example all truely used novel protected scope.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a utility model hydraulic cyclone sand setting apparatus structure sketch map.
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 vertical view.
Fig. 3 is a prior art hydraulic cyclone sand setting device plan structure sketch map.
Fig. 4 is Fig. 3 A-A sectional structure sketch map.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1: referring to Fig. 1,2; Utility model hydraulic cyclone sand setting device comprises the hollow cylindrical structure rotational flow grit chamber, the water inlet 1 that top has the tangential to be provided with; In have the diameter worker to be the vertical inner draft tube 3 of whirl cylinder diameter 0.6-0.8; Folder is distinguished and is annular eddy flow district 2 (water inlet is arranged on the eddy flow district) between inner draft tube 3 and circular cyclone setting pot, and circular cyclone setting pot bottom is ring taper mud-removing bucket 7, and interior cone angle is 60 ° in it; Outside cone angle β is 50 °, and the mud-removing bucket bottom is provided with the mud discharging mouth 10 of 6 band mud valves 8 symmetrically.Vertical inner draft tube 3 middle and lower part peripheral wall surfaces hoops are evenly equipped with a plurality of being used to through water hole 4; There are inclined tube 5 separators inner draft tube water hole top (middle and upper part); The top liquid level has discoid effluent weir 6, and the effluent weir bottom has the vertical center of passing inclined tube down to discharge water pipe 9 down.
The course of work: the pending water that contains suspension bed sediment; Get into the hollow cylindrical rotational flow grit chamber with certain flow rate along tangential direction; Water circulates in annular eddy flow district 2; Make that under the action of the centrifugal the bigger silt particle particle of density is thrown toward barrel and separated form water in the water, in landing to the bottom ring taper sludge bucket 7.The water of sand separated form water flow in the inner draft tube 3 through water square hole 4 through being used to; Up-flow waterborne is moving in the entering inner draft tube 3; Through inclined tube silt particle separator 5; Make and fail the tiny suspended particulate of sedimentation in eddy flow district 2, under the effect of inclined tube shallow layer settling, effectively separated, the landing of sedimentation mud is to sludge bucket 7.Liter waterborne through inclined tube 5 separates gets into discoid effluent weir 6 through outlet pipe 9 drainings by the liquid level overflow.Look the body refuse generating capacity and regularly or irregularly open mud valve 8 discharge deposition silt particles completion spoil disposals.
Embodiment 2: like embodiment 1, Whirlwind tank lower bank bucket can also be straight annular, and the bottom evenly is provided with plurality of valves control mud discharging mouth.
To those skilled in the art, under this patent design and specific embodiment enlightenment, some distortion that can directly derive or associate from this patent disclosure and general knowledge; Those of ordinary skills will recognize also can adopt additive method, or uses substituting of known technology in the prior art always, and the equivalence of characteristic changes or modification; Mutual various combination between characteristic, for example device can be the structures of built on-site, also can be the prefabrication device; Mud valve can be manually, also can be electronic, and discharge pipeline can also bend radially draining; Or the like unsubstantiality change, can be employed equally, can both realize this patent representation function and effect; Launch for example no longer one by one to describe in detail, all belong to this patent protection domain.
Be the convenience on describing, the said sand of this patent, mud are synonym.

Claims (9)

1. hydraulic cyclone sand setting device comprises circular cylinder body, the upper tangential water inlet; And lower bank bucket; It is characterized in that having in the circular cylinder body less vertical inner draft tube with one heart, guide shell middle and lower part hoop wall has some admittance water holes of being used to, and has in the guide shell to discharge water pipe under the liquid level overflow; The lower bank bucket ringwise, the bottom is distributed with plurality of valves control mud discharging mouth.
2. according to the said hydraulic cyclone sand setting of claim 1 device, it is characterized in that valve control mud discharging mouth symmetry is uniformly distributed with setting.
3. according to the said hydraulic cyclone sand setting of claim 1 device, it is characterized in that the annular row bucket is the ring taper.
4. according to the said hydraulic cyclone sand setting of claim 3 device, it is characterized in that encircling the interior cone angle of taper mud-removing bucket greater than outside cone angle β.
5. according to the said hydraulic cyclone sand setting of claim 4 device, cone angle is 50 ° ~ 60 ° in it is characterized in that, outside cone angle β is 45 ° ~ 55 °.
6. according to the said hydraulic cyclone sand setting of claim 1 device, it is characterized in that discharging water pipe straight down down.
7. according to the said hydraulic cyclone sand setting of claim 1 device, it is characterized in that the inner draft tube diameter is the 0.6-0.8 of eddy flow circular cylinder body diameter.
8. according to the said hydraulic cyclone sand setting of claim 1 device, it is characterized in that discharging under the overflow water pipe top has discoid effluent weir.
9. according to claim 1,2,3,4,5,6 or 7 said hydraulic cyclone sand setting devices, it is characterized in that there are inclined tube or swash plate in the water inlet top in the inner draft tube.
CN2012200357509U 2012-02-06 2012-02-06 Hydraulic cyclone sand setting device Expired - Fee Related CN202446874U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN2012200357509U CN202446874U (en) 2012-02-06 2012-02-06 Hydraulic cyclone sand setting device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102961903A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-03-13 北京城市排水集团有限责任公司 Rotational flow grit chamber with guide cylinder
CN104211235A (en) * 2014-09-30 2014-12-17 章明歅 Electrochemical water scale removing device and method for removing water scale
CN104623934A (en) * 2013-11-08 2015-05-20 中冶长天国际工程有限责任公司 Pre-grading thickener
CN105327531A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-02-17 江苏华达环境工程有限公司 Modular rotational flow settling device
CN105923726A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-09-07 华东交通大学 Integrated clarifier based on vortex grid coagulation and water treatment method thereof
CN110075579A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-08-02 苏州耀水源环境科技有限公司 A kind of central water outlet structure of detention tank

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102961903A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-03-13 北京城市排水集团有限责任公司 Rotational flow grit chamber with guide cylinder
CN102961903B (en) * 2012-11-26 2014-09-17 北京城市排水集团有限责任公司 Rotational flow grit chamber with guide cylinder
CN104623934A (en) * 2013-11-08 2015-05-20 中冶长天国际工程有限责任公司 Pre-grading thickener
CN104211235A (en) * 2014-09-30 2014-12-17 章明歅 Electrochemical water scale removing device and method for removing water scale
CN104211235B (en) * 2014-09-30 2016-03-16 章明歅 A kind of method of electrochemistry incrustation scale removal device and removal incrustation scale
CN105327531A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-02-17 江苏华达环境工程有限公司 Modular rotational flow settling device
CN105923726A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-09-07 华东交通大学 Integrated clarifier based on vortex grid coagulation and water treatment method thereof
CN110075579A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-08-02 苏州耀水源环境科技有限公司 A kind of central water outlet structure of detention tank

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C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 214205, Wuxi, Jiangsu province Yixing ring garden Yue East Road, South Innovation Park 9

Patentee after: JIANGSU ZHONGCHAO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO., LTD.

Address before: 214205, Wuxi, Jiangsu province Yixing ring garden Yue East Road, South Innovation Park 9

Patentee before: Jiangsu Zhongchao Environmental Protection Co., Ltd.

Address after: 214205, Wuxi, Jiangsu province Yixing ring garden Yue East Road, South Innovation Park 9

Patentee after: JIANGSU ZHONGCHAO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO., LTD.

Address before: 214205, Wuxi, Jiangsu province Yixing ring garden Yue East Road, South Innovation Park 9

Patentee before: Jiangsu Zhongchao Environmental Protection Co., Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20170531

Address after: 710054 Shaanxi province Xi'an City Road, Yanta Beilin District No. 1

Patentee after: Zhongtie No.1 Bureau Group Co., Ltd.

Address before: 214205, Wuxi, Jiangsu province Yixing ring garden Yue East Road, South Innovation Park 9

Patentee before: JIANGSU ZHONGCHAO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO., LTD.

Effective date of registration: 20170531

Address after: 710054 Shaanxi province Xi'an City Road, Yanta Beilin District No. 1

Patentee after: Zhongtie No.1 Bureau Group Co., Ltd.

Address before: 214205, Wuxi, Jiangsu province Yixing ring garden Yue East Road, South Innovation Park 9

Patentee before: JIANGSU ZHONGCHAO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO., LTD.

TR01 Transfer of patent right
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Effective date of registration: 20170802

Address after: 214200 Lily Road, Yixing District, Wuxi, Jiangsu

Patentee after: JIANGSU ZHONGCHAO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO., LTD.

Address before: 710054 Shaanxi province Xi'an City Road, Yanta Beilin District No. 1

Patentee before: Zhongtie No.1 Bureau Group Co., Ltd.

Effective date of registration: 20170802

Address after: 214200 Lily Road, Yixing District, Wuxi, Jiangsu

Patentee after: JIANGSU ZHONGCHAO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO., LTD.

Address before: 710054 Shaanxi province Xi'an City Road, Yanta Beilin District No. 1

Patentee before: Zhongtie No.1 Bureau Group Co., Ltd.

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120926

Termination date: 20190206