CN202415488U - Comprehensive biomass conversion device - Google Patents

Comprehensive biomass conversion device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202415488U
CN202415488U CN201120403832XU CN201120403832U CN202415488U CN 202415488 U CN202415488 U CN 202415488U CN 201120403832X U CN201120403832X U CN 201120403832XU CN 201120403832 U CN201120403832 U CN 201120403832U CN 202415488 U CN202415488 U CN 202415488U
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China
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equipment
gas
biomass
comprehensive
biological
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CN201120403832XU
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周仁福
周强
陶然
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LUOYANG JUNTENG ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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LUOYANG JUNTENG ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/20Waste processing or separation

Abstract

The utility model relates to a comprehensive biomass conversion device, in particular to the comprehensive biomass conversion device which realizes technology integration, function integration and multi-product yield on the basis of countryside. Function equipment of the comprehensive biomass conversion device consists of multifunction comprehensive biomass conversion equipment (1), gas purification separation equipment (2), liquid standing separation equipment (3), gas purification equipment (4), biogas storage equipment (5), a hot-water collection tank (6) and a reservoir (7). The utility model relates to the comprehensive biomass conversion device which realizes the technology integration, function integration and multi-product yield of biomass, and a method for comprehensively converting the biomass into five products including biogas, biological tar, charcoal, biological acetic acid and hot water by the device.

Description

The comprehensive conversion system of biomass
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of waste that utilizes agricultural, forestry, livestock industry production and product processing, changes into multiple organic chemical industry's product and energy, particularly relates to a kind of comprehensive comprehensive conversion system of biomass that transforms of waste resource of realizing.
Background technology
Along with the quick growth of global population and the fast development of the modernization of industry, the consumption of world energy sources is with the speed increment in every year about 2.7%.Because the development of human economic society is to be major impetus with the energy, so follow the increase year by year of fossil oil consumption, has just produced two outstanding problems: the one, cause environmental pollution serious day by day, the 2nd, fossil oil existing on the earth is day by day exhausted.Moreover, because the overconsumption fossil oil, thereby discharging a large amount of excess energies and carbon element, this has just broken natural energy and carbon balance, has caused catastrophic effects such as global warming, depletion of the ozone layer, acid rain.
Worldwide, the energy is the basic substance that the mankind depend on for existence, and in order to realize the Sustainable development of global economy, the development and utilization substitute energy is mentioned agenda.Biomass energy is the fourth-largest energy behind coal, oil, Sweet natural gas, in the world energy sources aggregate consumption, accounts for 14%.Biomass energy is to be fixed in tellurian sun power by photosynthesis of plants; It is that sun power is stored in the form of energy in the biomass with the chemical energy form; Can be converted into conventional solid-state, liquid state and gaseous fuel; To substitute fossil oils such as coal, oil and natural gas, it has environmental friendliness and renewable double attribute simultaneously, is 21 century one of main new forms of energy.
China is a large agricultural country, and resources such as agricultural crop straw, timber and bamboo matter residuum are very abundant.According to investigations, the utilization ratio of China's stalk is about 33% at present, and wherein major part does not add utilization.2005; Whole nation staple crops output is about 5.1 hundred million tons, presses GVG than calculating about 600,000,000 tons of stalk output, except that being used for industrial raw material such as fertilizer, feed, base-material and papermaking; There are 300,000,000 tons of agricultural crop straws to can be used as the energy approximately and use, amount to 1.5 hundred million tons of standard coal equivalents.Announced that China's staple crops stalk output will reach 7.8 hundred million tons, amount to 400,000,000 tons of standard coal equivalents in 2010 according to the Chinese energy net.Expect China's staple crops stalk output in 2015 and will reach about 900,000,000 tons, amount to 4.5 hundred million tons of standard coal equivalents.In the face of rising steadily of the in short supply day by day and oil price of the energy; Open up the frontier that stalk resource and timber resources utilize; Improve stalk resource and timber resources recovery energy rate to greatest extent,, alleviate the pressure of petroleum price rise alleviating the short supply state of the energy; Promote and ensure the Sustainable development of Chinese national economy, be of great practical significance.
At present; The gasification technology that China's Wood Adhesives from Biomass is utilized, charring process, destructive distillation pyrolytic technique, shaping fuel technology etc.; They all belong to the Wood Adhesives from Biomass utilization of monotechnics, simple function, single product, and its sub product can not be collected utilization, causes secondary environmental pollution.Utilize equipment for extensive biomass, in view of the distribution character of China's biomass material, and the existing distributed production structure form in China rural area, caused biomass in all difficulties of collecting, transporting, storing; Add that extensive Wood Adhesives from Biomass equipment input cost is high, because of the raw material supply shakiness, and transform mode is single, the technical matters imperfection, causes equipment normally not move.
This shows that above-mentioned prior biological matter obviously still has inconvenience and defective, and demands urgently further improving in processing treatment technology, device structure and use.In order to solve the problem of above-mentioned existence; Relevant manufacturer there's no one who doesn't or isn't seeks solution painstakingly; But do not see always that for a long time suitable design is developed completion; And general biomass processing treatment process and equipment do not have appropriate processing and treating method to address the above problem again, and this obviously is the problem that the anxious desire of relevant dealer solves.Therefore how to found the comprehensive transfer equipment of a kind of new biomass, develop the device of integrated, multi-functional integrated, the voluminous article output trans-utilization of many technology, real one of the current important research and development problem that belongs to, also becoming the current industry utmost point needs improved target.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is, overcomes the defective that prior biological matter converting apparatus and method for transformation thereof exist, and a kind of new comprehensive transfer equipment of biomass and the method for the comprehensive trans-utilization of biomass are provided; Technical problem to be solved is to utilize biomass under the oxygen debt state of high temperature; Through the comprehensive transfer equipment of biomass, realize to produce the method for the product such as biological flue gas, biological tar, charcoal, biological acetic acid, hot water and the energy, the Wood Adhesives from Biomass that has solved existing monotechnics, simple function, single product is simultaneously utilized problem; Make sub product can both collect utilization; But also solved the second environmental pollution problem, so very environmental protection of the utility model, add that this equipment cost is cheap; Be very suitable for the village economic state, thereby be suitable for practicality more.
The purpose of the utility model and solve its technical problem and adopt following technical scheme to realize.Proposing it according to the utility model comprises: biomass multifunctional comprehensive converting apparatus (1), gas sweetening separating device (2), liquid standing separation equipment (3), gas purifying equipment (4), biological flue gas storage facilities (5), hot water collection box (6), water reservoir (7); Wherein this biomass multifunctional comprehensive converting apparatus connects the gas sweetening separating device; The gas sweetening separating device connects liquid standing separation equipment and gas purifying equipment respectively; Gas purifying equipment connects the biological flue gas storage facilities; The hot water collection box connects biomass multifunctional comprehensive converting apparatus; Water reservoir connects hot water collection box, gas sweetening separating device and gas purifying equipment respectively, it is characterized in that: this device becomes one technology such as biomass carbonated, gasification, destructive distillation simultaneously, has realized the comprehensive trans-utilization of waste resource.
The purpose of the utility model and solve its technical problem and also can adopt following technical measures further to realize.
The comprehensive transfer equipment of aforesaid biomass; Wherein said this biomass multifunctional comprehensive converting apparatus (1); Comprise that biomass self-heating is separated equipment (1-1), spiral goes out charcoal equipment (1-2), heat collection case (6), biomass self-heating separates that equipment connects the gas sweetening separating device respectively, spiral goes out charcoal equipment and heat collection case.
The comprehensive transfer equipment of aforesaid biomass; Wherein said this gas sweetening separating device (2) comprises biofilter (2-1), condensation of gas separator (2-2); Biofilter connects biomass self-heating through pipeline respectively and separates equipment and gas condensation separator, and the condensation of gas separator connects gas purifying equipment and liquid standing separation equipment through pipeline respectively.
The comprehensive transfer equipment of aforesaid biomass; Wherein said should liquid state standing separation equipment (3); Comprise three liquid separating devices (3-1), biological acetic acid storage facilities (3-2), biological tar storage facilities (3-3), three liquid separating devices connect condensation of gas separator, biological acetic acid storage facilities and biological tar storage facilities through pipeline respectively.
The comprehensive translating eqipment of aforesaid biomass, wherein said this gas purifying equipment (4) inside comprise the dividing plate of first chamber, second chamber and interval first chamber and second chamber; Under the gas purifying equipment 1/3 be full of PH>8 Ca (OH) 2Liquid, the dividing plate lower end is under the liquid level, and this gas purifying equipment connects the biological flue gas storage facilities through pipeline.It is characterized in that gas purifying equipment 4 has functions such as flushing, drip washing, bubbling are washed, gas-liquid separation, gas counterseal, thereby realized purifying the purpose of purification biological flue gas, this equipment prevents the effect of biological flue gas countercurrent flow in addition.
The comprehensive translating eqipment of aforesaid biomass, wherein said this biological flue gas storage facilities (5) is used to store biological flue gas, and the biological flue gas storage facilities is delivered to the user through gas ductwork.
The comprehensive translating eqipment of aforesaid biomass, wherein said this hot water collection box (6) will derive from heat collection that biomass self-heating separates equipment in this equipment, and the hot water collection box is delivered to the user through hot water pipe net.
The comprehensive translating eqipment of aforesaid biomass; Wherein said this water reservoir (7) connects heat collection case, condensation of gas separator and gas purifying equipment through pipeline respectively; The power that this water reservoir utilizes malleation that the accessory press device produced and negative pressure to provide for the conveying of water; And through pipeline respectively with water deliver to biomass multifunctional comprehensive converting apparatus, the gas sweetening separating device carries out heat collection, mixed gas refrigerated separation, and combustion gas is cleaned.
The comprehensive translating eqipment of aforesaid biomass; Wherein said its needs to place biomass self-heating to separate equipment biomass; Reach 3/4 back ignition of this device height at the thickness of biomass; The stalk that on the incendiary stalk layer, adds 20-30cm thickness again, and it is air-breathing to open pneumatically operated equipment simultaneously, it is the biomass of 20-30cm that continuous charging makes incendiary biomass layer top thickness.The charcoal that produces behind the biomass combustion goes out charcoal equipment through spiral and leaves system below biomass self-heating is separated equipment.The mixed gas that produces behind the biomass combustion gets into biofilter, obtains comparatively purified mixed gas; Back mixed gas gets into the condensation of gas separator, and condensable gas gets into liquid standing separation equipment in the inwall condensation; Uncondensable gas flow is to gas purifying equipment.Phlegma leaves standstill in liquid standing separation equipment, and wood vinegar gets into sour pond through the acetic acid outlet, and biological tar gets into tar pool through the tar outlet; Uncondensable gas is in gas purifying equipment, and it is for use to get into the biological flue gas storage facilities after the steps such as process flushing, drip washing, bubbling are washed, gas-liquid separation.
The utility model compared with prior art has tangible advantage and beneficial effect.Know by above; For achieving the above object; The utility model provides a kind of biomass pyrolytic multistage comprehensive conversion new technology, and it is according to the abundant singularity of China's stalk resource, and combines the basic characteristics of China's agricultural national conditions; Realize that the charing of integrated bio matter, gasification, destructive distillation are the technology of one; With the multi-functional converting apparatus 1 of biomass process biomass, gas sweetening separating device 2, liquid standing separation equipment 3, gas purifying equipment 4, biological flue gas storage facilities 5, hot water scoop 6 and water reservoir 7, the comprehensive conversion system of biomass of composition one.This device can comprehensively convert biomass to biological flue gas, biological tar, charcoal, biological acetic acid, five kinds of products of hot water.What the utility model digested is the biomass waste of contaminate environment; Output be life in the countryside with produce in the energy capable of using and resource, be standard of living and the quality of life that improves the rural area, promote production modernization; Recover the Agro-ecology balance; Improve agricultural environment, to increasing power supply, reduce Carbon emission, purify urban and rural environment, increasing farmers' income, all have crucial meaning simultaneously.
At present; Because China's biomass material disperses, found the factory with the administrative village scale of year consumption stalk below ten thousand tons, or found the factory with the small towns scale that consumes stalk below 100,000 tons year; Promptly solve the rural area raw material and disperseed, collected the difficult problem of transportation, also satisfied the requirement of the gasifying biomass station scale of investment of building.Therefore, with the rural area renewable energy source construction that the comprehensive trans-utilization of biomass is attached most importance to, alleviated the situation of vast rural area clear energy sources short supply; Changed the pattern that traditional the lighting a fire in rural area cooked; Satisfied the demand of mass peasants, improved the life of farmers quality, promoted agricultural sustainable development and new socialist countryside construction effectively high-grade energy; So both consume a large amount of agricultural crop straws, can realize stalk treatment scaleization and agricultural sustainable development again.
By technique scheme, the comprehensive transfer equipment of the utility model biomass has advantage and beneficial effect at least:
1, device applicable raw materials wide material sources, waste is produced in various agriculturals, forestry, livestock industry, and the waste of product processing, like various stalks, branch fuel wood, leaf, weeds, wood chip, ight soil, the bacterium slag, shells etc. all can be used as the pyrolysis charring raw material.
2, device applicable raw materials requirement condition is low, and water cut gets final product below 30%, and raw material of different nature can mix use.
3, material treatment process is simple, and processing cost is low.
4, in this device production run process, isolate biological flue gas, biological tar, charcoal, biological flue gas, five kinds of products of hot water, biomass utilization ratio nearly 100%.
5, in the device production run process without any fuel with add any chemical feedstocks, externally do not discharge any obnoxious flavour, liquid and solid waste, environment is not had any impact.
6, the standard modular of translating eqipment design according to the construction scale size, with the combination of standard modular equipment, is fit to the dispersed characteristics of stalk resource.
In sum, the utility model relates to the comprehensive converting apparatus of a kind of biomass, especially a kind of with rural scale be the basis technological integrated, function is integrated, the multistage comprehensive translating eqipment of biomass of fecund article output.Its function device by: by the multi-functional converting apparatus 1 of biomass; Gas sweetening separating device 2, liquid standing separation equipment 3, gas purifying equipment 4, biological flue gas storage facilities 5, hot water scoop 6 and water reservoir 7, the comprehensive conversion system of biomass of composition one.This device can comprehensively change into biological flue gas, biological tar, charcoal, biological acetic acid, five kinds of products of hot water with biomass.The utility model has obvious improvement technically, and has tangible positively effect, really is the new design of a novelty, progress, practicality.
Above-mentioned explanation only is the general introduction of the utility model technical scheme; In order more to know the technique means of understanding the utility model; And can implement according to the content of specification sheets, and for let the above-mentioned of the utility model with other purposes, feature and advantage can be more obviously understandable, below special act preferred embodiment; And conjunction with figs., specify as follows.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the craft block-diagram of comprehensive transfer equipment of the utility model biomass and method thereof.
Fig. 2 is the fundamental diagram of comprehensive transfer equipment of the utility model biomass and method thereof.
1: biomass multifunctional comprehensive converting apparatus 1-1: biomass self-heating is separated converting apparatus
1-2: spiral goes out charcoal equipment 11: opening for feed
12: inlet mouth 13: gas outlet
14: carbon outleting port 2: the gas sweetening separating device
2-1: biofilter 2-2: condensation of gas separating device
21: filter material import 22: the filter material outlet
23: filter gas outlet 24: the condensation gas outlet
25: tar fluid 26: entrance of cooling water
27: cooling water outlet 28: feedback valve
29: try fiery valve 3: liquid standing separation equipment
3-1: three liquid separating device 3-2: biological acetic acid storage facilities
3-3: biological tar storage facilities 31: tar outlet
32: biological acetic acid storage facilities bottom goes out 33: biological tar storage facilities outlet at bottom
34: tar light oil siphon pipeline 35: tar light oil source line
36: tar vent line 37: acetate solution siphon pipeline
38: biological acetic acid storage facilities vent line 39: acetate solution source line
4: gas purifying equipment 4-1: the gas purifying equipment internal partition
4-2: the condensing surface 40 of gas purifying equipment: induced draft fan
41: examination firearm 42: gas purifying equipment venting port
43: the inlet mouth 44 of gas purifying equipment: scavenging solution mouth spray
45: the outlet line 46 of gas purifying equipment: rinse liquid outlet
47: moisturizing pipeline 48: purge gas outlet for the first time
5: biological flue gas storage facilities 51: the gas supply pipe line
6: hot water scoop 61: hot water scoop vent line
62: circulating hot water outlet line 63: the circulating water inlet line
64: delivery pipeline 7: water reservoir
71: tap water inlet 72: feed water inlet
73: hot water scoop water supply line
Embodiment
For further setting forth the utility model is to reach technique means and the effect that predetermined goal of the invention is taked; Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and preferred embodiment; To its embodiment of the comprehensive conversion system of biomass, operation method, step, structure, characteristic and the effect thereof that proposes according to the utility model, specify as after.
The said gasification of the utility model is meant with oxygen (or air) as vaporized chemical; Under higher temperature conditions; Through oxygen debt pyrolytic reaction, be combustible gas, the process that generates charcoal, condensable liquid (mixture of wood tar oil and wood vinegar), inflammable gas product with Wood Adhesives from Biomass.The combustible gas that the incomplete pyrolysis of biomass produces, its staple is CO, also has rare gas element N 2
See also shown in Figure 1; The comprehensive conversion system of the biomass of the preferred embodiment of the utility model; It mainly comprises: the multi-functional converting apparatus 1 of biomass; Gas sweetening separating device 2, liquid standing separation equipment 3, gas purifying equipment 4, biological flue gas storage facilities 5, hot water scoop 6 and water reservoir 7, each device connects through pipeline.
The technological operation flow process of biological pyrolysis plant:
1)--feed water valve--water pipe---thermal-arrest water jacket---water pipe---water outlet of heat storage can spillway---close feed water valve supplies water: close the heat storage can water drain valve, start water pump (divide two road supply water) 1 tunnel: open biological pyrolysis plant feed water valve.2 roads in addition:------water pipe--gas-liquid separator--water pipe---tank of opening ternary separating equipment for purification equipment feed water valve.
2) igniting: open blow-off valve; Start the handling equipment automatic charging in dark 3/4 from the pyrolysis chamber, light on the plane above that, treats that this plane is all after the burning; The startup pneumatically operated equipment draws air (oxygen) and goes into from the pyrolysis chamber; Start the rapid material loading of handling equipment and make the oxygen debt oxidation of firing level emit heat, form self-heating and separate environment, material adds to the full apparatus for distributing that starts from the pyrolysis chamber.Treat 5---opened the fiery valve of examination and try fire in 10 minutes.Burning normally is that system is normal.
3 combustion gas:; The startup pneumatically operated equipment draws air (oxygen) and goes into from the pyrolysis chamber, and--oxidizing reaction--give, thermal-arrest water jacket heating--pipeline---ternary separating equipment for purification--combustion gas---gas purifying equipment---gas-holder by the annular high-temperature gas mixture body passage of thermo-cracking---high-temperature gas mixture body---pyrolysis chamber., the thermal-arrest water jacket
4) hot water:, water is heated in the thermal-arrest water jacket--in thermal-arrest water jacket and the thermal-arrest jar water carry out heat power circulation ' water temperature>90 ℃----open the hot water water drain valve--draining water in the thermal-arrest jar---carrying out 1) 1 tunnel technological operation flow process:
5) go out charcoal: when the cone of body bottom, pyrolysis chamber or the bottom temp 300-400 of rib body ℃, start automatic discharger and screw conveyor (going out charcoal equipment automatically) and implement to go out automatically the variation adjustment pneumatically operated equipment variable valve of the bottom temp of charcoal, cone or rib body and its temperature is remained between 300-400 ℃ ' make carbon yield and go out the charcoal amount and be in balance.
See also shown in Figure 2ly, the multi-functional converting apparatus 1 of the biomass of the utility model comprises that biomass self-heating is separated converting apparatus 1-1, spiral goes out charcoal equipment 1-2 and hot water scoop 6.Biomass self-heating is separated converting apparatus 1-1 and is comprised opening for feed 11, inlet mouth 12, gas outlet 13 and carbon outleting port 14.Inlet mouth 12 links to each other with gas sweetening separating device 2 through pipeline.The multi-functional converting apparatus of biomass 1 bottom connects spiral and goes out charcoal equipment, at port one 4 charcoal is sent.Multi-functional converting apparatus 1 sidewall of biomass can be implemented heating to water, and cold water flows into through pipeline 63, and hot water flows out through pipeline 62, gets into the hot water collection box.
The pyrolysis chamber of biological pyrolysis plant is circle or its wall of square pyrolysis chamber's body from inside to outside, annular high-temperature gas mixture body passage, thermal-arrest water jacket, thermal insulation layer.Thermal-arrest water jacket intake-outlet connects heat storage can respectively and goes out water-in.Body bottom, pyrolysis chamber is that cone or its 1/2 equal qi-emitting hole bottom, top of rib body are connected with automatic discharger.Dumper is connected in screw conveyor (going out charcoal equipment automatically).Top, pyrolysis chamber's (stove) is connected with handling equipment (automatic charging equipment).
See also shown in Figure 2ly, the utility model gas sweetening separating device 2 of the utility model comprises biofiltration equipment 2-1 and gas condensation separation equipment 2-2.Biofiltration equipment 2-1, its body comprise that the cylindrical body of cavity reaches two centrum parts up and down, and its hypocentrum bottom air inlet links to each other with pipeline 13; Air outlet 23 is left on last centrum top, links to each other with condensation of gas separating device 22.Biofiltration equipment 2-1 also is provided with filter material import 21 and filter material outlet 22, and filter material import 21 is arranged on the centrum sidewall, and filter material outlet 22 is arranged on the hypocentrum sidewall.The air outlet 23 of biofiltration equipment 2-1 is through the inlet mouth of pipeline connection condensing surface 22 bottoms.The shape of biofiltration equipment 2-1 is not limited to above-mentioned shape, and any shape that can accomplish the utility model is all within protection domain.Condensation of gas separating device 2-2, its top is provided with air outlet 24 and gas purifying equipment 4, and the bottom is provided with inlet mouth and links to each other with pipeline 23, and tar liquid outlet 25 links to each other with liquid standing separation equipment 3.Condensation of gas separating device 2-2, sidewall place, two ends up and down are provided with water-in 26 and water outlet 27.
See also shown in Figure 2ly, the liquid standing separation equipment 3 of the utility model comprises liquid three liquid separating device 3-1, biological acetic acid storage facilities 3-2, and biological tar storage facilities 3-3.Three liquid separating device 3-1, sidewall are provided with the mixed solution import and link to each other with pipeline 25.Three liquid separating device 3-1 bottom is provided with tar outlet 31 and biological tar storage facilities 3-3, links to each other through pipeline 31.Three liquid separating device 3-1 middle part is provided with acetic acid outlet line 37, connects with biological acetic acid storage facilities 3-2.Three liquid separating device 3-1 tops are provided with outlet line 34, and this pipeline connects biological tar storage facilities 3-3.Biological acetic acid storage facilities 3-2 outlet at bottom 32 is provided with the acid discharge pump.Biological tar storage facilities 3-3 outlet at bottom 33 is provided with the tar pump.
The function of tar (light, heavy), acetic acid standing separation equipment is to utilize between fluent meterial the difference of uncompatibility and proportion to separate (layering) at container.
The composition of standing separation equipment is by housing, and the bottom tar heavy oil exports, the outlet of top tar light oil, the outlet of middle part acetic acid, internal insulation assembly and the outlet of middle part acetic acid.Principle of work: ternary separating equipment for purification is sent into tar (light, heavy), acetic acid mixed solution (tar light oil proportion<acetic acid proportion<tar heavy oil); Carry out standing demix at standing separation equipment, the tar light oil come-up, acetic acid is placed in the middle; Under the tar heavy oil, from top to bottom be divided into three layers of tar light oils, acetic acid, tar heavy oil.When acetic acid and tar heavy oil two layer heights surpass middle part acetic acid outlet; Acetic acid overflows automatically and send the acetic acid hold-up vessel; Export when acetic acid, tar heavy oil, tar light oil three layer heights surpass the top tar light oil, tar light oil overflows automatically and send the tar hold-up vessel, and tar heavy oil is regularly put into the tar hold-up vessel.
See also shown in Figure 2ly, gas purifying equipment 4 hollows of the utility model are divided into up and down two portions, and the lower section is full of water or other liquid that can play cleanup action (like Ca (OH) 2, PH>8).Top has first chamber and second chamber that dividing plate 4-1 separates, and dividing plate 4-1 lower end, top is under the liquid level.Also be provided with mouth spray 44 on first chamber, mouth spray 44 sprays into water or other can play the liquid of cleanup action, in order to realize the spray Cleaning for High Capacity first time of combustion gases.The first chamber top also is provided with pipeline 48, connects second chamber through the gas of drip washing through pipeline 48, and the mouth of pipe of pipeline 48 is positioned under the liquid level of water or other solution that can play cleanup action of second chamber.Gas after the spray Cleaning for High Capacity in pipeline 48 entering lower section scavenging solutions, is realized combustion gases are carried out the bubbling cleaning second time for the first time.Then, gas is overflowed from scavenging solution, and the set sprinkling equipment in the second chamber top of flowing through is realized combustion gases are carried out spray Cleaning for High Capacity for the third time.At last, through pipeline 45, the inflammable gas after the cleaning gets into biological flue gas storage facilities 5.The second chamber bottom is provided with pipeline 44, through recycle pump scavenging solution is delivered to the spray Cleaning for High Capacity equipment that gas purifying equipment 4 tops are provided with, thereby realizes the circulated sprinkling of inflammable gas is cleaned.Therefore, gas purifying equipment 4 has functions such as flushing, drip washing, bubbling are washed, gas-liquid separation, gas counterseal, thereby has realized purifying the purpose of purification biological flue gas, and this equipment prevents the effect of biological flue gas countercurrent flow in addition.
See also shown in Figure 2ly, the biological flue gas storage facilities 5 of the utility model is made up of the gas-holder that floats and the tank of bottom, and combustion gas gets into the gas-holder of water seals through pipeline 45, and when the fuel gas supply of production during above gas consumption, gas-holder upwards floats; When the fuel gas supply of producing during less than gas consumption, gas-holder sinks downwards.
See also shown in Figure 2; The hot water scoop 6 of the utility model is supplied water by pipeline 73; When the multi-functional converting apparatus 1 of biomass was worked, water was heated, and forms the self-circulation of water through pipeline 62, pipeline 63, pipeline 64 and hot water scoop 6; Water wherein is heated to certain temperature, and it is subsequent use to be stored in hot water scoop 6.When the user had demand, hot water can be delivered to the user through pipeline 64.
See also shown in Figure 2ly, the water reservoir 7 of the utility model is by tap water supply, and water is delivered to hot water scoop 6 through the pump pipeline 73 of flowing through, and same water is delivered to condensation of gas separating device 2-2 through the pump pipeline 26 of flowing through.
See also shown in Figure 2; The comprehensive conversion system of the biomass of the utility model; Also comprise and being arranged between gas sweetening separating device 2 and the gas purifying equipment 4; The fiery valve of pneumatically operated equipment 40 on the connecting pipeline (promptly can be roots blower, also can be induced draft fan), feedback valve 28, examination 29, examination firearm 41.Through adjustment valve 28, form the loop of control roots blower 40 gas circulation, can more effectively control air inlet (oxygen) amount of the multi-functional converting apparatus 1 of biomass, and, detect the mixed gas burning situation through examination firearm 41.
Embodiment 1
With thickness is that biomass self-heating is separated converting apparatus 1/2-3/4 height; The corn straw of water cut<20% and corn cob mixing place biomass self-heating to separate conversion pool and ignition; On incendiary biomass layer, add the biomass of 20-30cm thickness again, and open the air-breathing (400-2500m of roots blower simultaneously 3/ h) forming few oxygen atmosphere, it is the biomass of 20-30cm that continuous charging makes incendiary biomass layer top thickness.Under few oxygen atmosphere, the lower floor's biomass charcoal that generates that burnt burns away, and forms 600-800 ℃ of environment; Be upper strata biomass pyrolytic heat supply, biomass are air-breathing owing to pump by inverting biological charcoal and high-temperature gas mixture body, make the pyrolysis pond form negative pressure; The air outlet that makes mixed gas separate conversion pool through biomass self-heating gets into through the gas sweetening separating device standing separation equipment, the purification separation of gas purifying equipment; Be converted into biological fuel gas by the high-temperature gas mixture body; Biological wood vinegar, biological tar, charcoal.
Embodiment 2
With thickness is that biomass self-heating is separated converting apparatus 1/2-3/4 height; Water cut<20% wheat stalk places biomass self-heating to separate conversion pool and ignition; On incendiary biomass layer, add the biomass of 15-30cm thickness again, and open the air-breathing (400-2500m of roots blower simultaneously 3/ h) forming few oxygen atmosphere, it is the biomass of 15-30cm that continuous charging makes incendiary biomass layer top thickness.Under few oxygen atmosphere, the lower floor's biomass charcoal that generates that burnt burns away, and forms 600-800 ℃ of environment; Be upper strata biomass pyrolytic heat supply, biomass are air-breathing owing to pump by inverting biological charcoal and high-temperature gas mixture body, make the pyrolysis pond form negative pressure; The air outlet that makes mixed gas separate conversion pool through biomass self-heating gets into through the gas sweetening separating device standing separation equipment, the purification separation of gas purifying equipment; Be converted into biological fuel gas by the high-temperature gas mixture body; Biological wood vinegar, biological tar, charcoal.
Embodiment 3
With thickness is that biomass self-heating is separated converting apparatus 1/2-3/4 height; Any kind water cut<20%; Each stalk mixing to size<30CM places biomass self-heating to separate conversion pool and ignition; On incendiary biomass layer, add the biomass of 20-30cm thickness again, and open the air-breathing (400-2500m of roots blower simultaneously 3/ h) forming few oxygen atmosphere, it is the biomass of 20-30cm that continuous charging makes incendiary biomass layer top thickness.Under few oxygen atmosphere, the lower floor's biomass charcoal that generates that burnt burns away, and forms 600-800 ℃ of environment; Be upper strata biomass pyrolytic heat supply, biomass are air-breathing owing to pump by inverting biological charcoal and high-temperature gas mixture body, make the pyrolysis pond form negative pressure; The air outlet that makes mixed gas separate conversion pool through biomass self-heating gets into through the gas sweetening separating device standing separation equipment, the purification separation of gas purifying equipment; Be converted into biological fuel gas by the high-temperature gas mixture body; Biological wood vinegar, biological tar, charcoal.
The above; It only is the preferred embodiment of the utility model; Not being that the utility model is done any pro forma restriction, though the utility model with the preferred embodiment exposure as above, yet is not in order to limit the utility model; Anyly be familiar with the professional and technical personnel; In not breaking away from the utility model technical scheme scope, make a little change or be modified to the equivalent embodiment of equivalent variations when the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement capable of using, be not break away from the utility model technical scheme content in every case;, all still belong in the scope of the utility model technical scheme any simple modification, equivalent variations and modification that above embodiment did according to the technical spirit of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. comprehensive transfer equipment of biomass is characterized in that it comprises:
Biomass multifunctional comprehensive converting apparatus (1), gas sweetening separating device (2), liquid standing separation equipment (3), gas purifying equipment (4), biological flue gas storage facilities (5), hot water collection box (6), water reservoir (7); Wherein this biomass multifunctional comprehensive converting apparatus connects the gas sweetening separating device; The gas sweetening separating device connects liquid standing separation equipment and gas purifying equipment respectively; Gas purifying equipment connects the biological flue gas storage facilities; The hot water collection box connects biomass multifunctional comprehensive converting apparatus; Water reservoir connects hot water collection box, gas sweetening separating device and gas purifying equipment respectively, and this device becomes one biomass carbonated, gasification, retorting technique simultaneously, has realized the comprehensive trans-utilization of waste resource.
2. the comprehensive transfer equipment of biomass as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that this biomass multifunctional comprehensive converting apparatus (1); Comprise that biomass self-heating is separated equipment (1-1), spiral goes out charcoal equipment (1-2), heat collection case (6), biomass self-heating separates that equipment connects the gas sweetening separating device respectively, spiral goes out charcoal equipment and heat collection case.
3. the comprehensive transfer equipment of biomass as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that this gas sweetening separating device (2) comprises biofilter (2-1), condensation of gas separator (2-2); Biofilter connects biomass self-heating through pipeline respectively and separates equipment and gas condensation separator, and the condensation of gas separator connects gas purifying equipment and liquid standing separation equipment through pipeline respectively.
4. the comprehensive transfer equipment of biomass as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that this liquid state standing separation equipment (3); Comprise three liquid separating devices (3-1), biological acetic acid storage facilities (3-2), biological tar storage facilities (3-3), three liquid separating devices connect condensation of gas separator, biological acetic acid storage facilities and biological tar storage facilities through pipeline respectively.
5. the comprehensive transfer equipment of biomass as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that:
This gas purifying equipment (4) inside comprises the dividing plate of first chamber, second chamber and interval first chamber and second chamber; Under the gas purifying equipment 1/3 be full of PH>8 Ca (0H) 2 liquid; The dividing plate lower end is under the liquid level; This gas purifying equipment connects the biological flue gas storage facilities through pipeline; Gas purifying equipment (4) has that flushing, drip washing, bubbling are washed, the function of gas-liquid separation, gas counterseal, thereby has realized purifying the purpose of purification biological flue gas, and this equipment prevents the effect of biological flue gas countercurrent flow in addition.
6. the comprehensive transfer equipment of biomass as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that this biological flue gas storage facilities (5) is used to store biological flue gas, and the biological flue gas storage facilities is delivered to the user through gas ductwork.
7. the comprehensive transfer equipment of biomass as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that this hot water collection box (6) will derive from heat collection that biomass self-heating separates equipment in this equipment, and the hot water collection box is delivered to the user through hot water pipe net.
8. the comprehensive transfer equipment of biomass as claimed in claim 1; It is characterized in that this water reservoir (7) connects heat collection case, condensation of gas separator and gas purifying equipment through pipeline respectively; The power that this water reservoir utilizes malleation that the accessory press device produced and negative pressure to provide for the conveying of water; And respectively water is delivered to biomass multifunctional comprehensive converting apparatus, gas sweetening separating device through pipeline, carry out heat collection, mixed gas refrigerated separation, and combustion gas is cleaned.
CN201120403832XU 2011-10-21 2011-10-21 Comprehensive biomass conversion device Expired - Fee Related CN202415488U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102873082A (en) * 2012-09-23 2013-01-16 安徽国祯生物质发电有限责任公司 Resource recycling technology for biomass resource comprehensive utilization industrial parks
CN103060008A (en) * 2011-10-21 2013-04-24 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Biomass comprehensive transformation device and method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103060008A (en) * 2011-10-21 2013-04-24 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Biomass comprehensive transformation device and method thereof
CN102873082A (en) * 2012-09-23 2013-01-16 安徽国祯生物质发电有限责任公司 Resource recycling technology for biomass resource comprehensive utilization industrial parks

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