CN202406722U - Planting pot for culturing self-fixing type plant by floating bed - Google Patents

Planting pot for culturing self-fixing type plant by floating bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202406722U
CN202406722U CN2012200325137U CN201220032513U CN202406722U CN 202406722 U CN202406722 U CN 202406722U CN 2012200325137 U CN2012200325137 U CN 2012200325137U CN 201220032513 U CN201220032513 U CN 201220032513U CN 202406722 U CN202406722 U CN 202406722U
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China
Prior art keywords
planting pot
plant
floating bed
culture pan
pot body
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2012200325137U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李兆华
马安宁
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Hubei University
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Hubei University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

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Abstract

The utility model provides a planting pot for culturing a self-fixing type plant by a floating bed. The planting pot is obtained by that a flexible tubular plastic plate with a certain thickness and length is subjected to mould pressing treatment after thermoplastic treatment to form a flat planting pot body of which the two ends are hollow and the middle part is adjacent; the planting pot has a certain elasticity, so that the middle part of the planting pot body can be expanded and separated when a small force is exerted to extrude from two ends of the planting pot body to the center by hands, and further the plant material can be easily placed in the planting pot body; when hands are loosened, the flat planting pot body can resume the natural shape due to the self elasticity and clamp the plant material to prevent the plants from lodging. Two sides of the planting pot body are provided with planting pot body connecting bayonets connected with a nylon connecting rope, and planting pot connecting bolts on the two sides of the planting pot body can also enable the planting pot body to be connected laterally and fixed on a floating body of the cultivated floating bed. The self-fixing type plant planting pot cultivated by the floating bed does not need any cultivation media, and the plant material can be automatically stabled by the planting pot body and further the plant root system can directly stretch into the water body to absorb nutrients in the water, and thus the self-fixing type plant planting pot has the advantages of light weight and convenience for installation and transport.

Description

Floating bed cultivation self-fixing type plant planting alms bowl
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of utensil of plant Floating bed on water cultivation, in particular for eutrophication water is carried out " biological cleaning ".
Background technology
Environmental pollution becomes the problem of World Focusing in recent years, because environmental pollution, the river of China, water body in lake pollute serious day by day, and a lot of rivers, water body in lake can't bear to drink.Even more serious is, a lot of rivers, water body in lake blackening are smelly, have a strong impact on people health, and people have adopted and a lot of physics can not deal with problems with water tackling method chemistry.In order to seek solution better; People utilize the ecological engineering science principle; Adopt " the floating bed of plant floating cultivation " technology that the water quality of eutrophication such as lake, river, irrigation canals and ditches is carried out " biological cleaning ", the content of the COD in the degradation water, nitrogen, phosphorus is as the water environment treatment technology.Through years of researches and experiment, obtained significant effect." the floating bed of plant floating cultivation " is the utensil of a kind of artificial floating cultivation plant of similar floating on water surface raft; Be placed in the water behind some hygrophytes of cultivation on the floating bed of this artificial plant cultivation waterborne, constitute a kind of can be in the biological and ecological subenvironment of " chinampa " of water float shape.This technology is exactly as carrier with the floating bed of manual work; Moisture loving plant is planted on the floating bed, it is placed to the water surface of eutrophication water, go up absorption, suction-operated and the species competition restriction or checking relation in five elements mechanism of plant root through the floating bed of manual work; Cut down nitrogen, phosphorus and organic substance in the enrichment water body; Thereby reach the effect that purifies water, create the environmental condition that suitable multiple biology lives and multiplies, rebuild and the recovery aquatic ecosystem in finite region; And it is moved away from water body, the target that make that water quality improves, water body becomes clear, creates graceful water environment through the method for results plant.The floating bed of plant floating cultivation itself also has and suitable covers, wave absorption, effect such as feed is provided, and has constituted the good condition that fish are lived, and can be used as the fish place of living, and also can be used as the place that lay eggs bed and the aquatile of fish perch.Plant on the floating bed of plant floating cultivation forms after the natural community, also can be used as the space of living of birds, insects.Therefore, the floating bed accessory of plant floating cultivation has multiple ecological functions.
In the prior art, generally be employed in the cultivation matrix of place mat lightweight on the floating bed body or the floating bed of cultivation that the placement culture pan is dosed this two major types of lightweight cultivation matrix.At present, the artificial floating island of Japan be with the inflation rubber raft as floating bed, floating bed is gone up to place and is woven the plant that the chassis that forms and peat forms by cocoanut fiber and plant the substrate culture layer; The U.S. adopts to fill in the thick stainless steel tube and adds expanded polystyrene (EPS), special expanded polystyrene (EPS) and add material such as special synthetic resin, salinization ethene synthetic resin, concrete and become floating bed, and floating bed is gone up matrix such as placing peat, vermiculite as the plant cultivation media layer.Also have some countries to be employed in floating bed and go up the floating bed of placing all kinds plant planting alms bowl and dosing the lightweight cultivation matrix.Like " the floating bed of overall plastic combined type plant floating cultivation ", " the floating bed of netting twine plant floating cultivation " etc.Though the floating bed of above-mentioned artificial bio-membrane can be fit to different waters and environment uses, defective of ubiquity all will adopt some cultivation matrixes; Fixing plants on the bed could floated; Like this, just increase the weight and the cost of the floating bed of cultivation greatly, also caused secondary pollution of water in various degree.
Along with people's is to the attention of environmental problem; To the particularly also very concern of natural landscape situation of waterside of natural environment; The floating bed of plant floating cultivation not only purifies water, creates the biological space of living, improves view, wave absorption because of having; Create waiting beyond the integrated function of the diversity ecosystem, also be difficult to recover the lakes and marhshes of bank water plants band or have a wide range of applications in closed waters such as the lake that has view to require, ponds at the big reservoir of water-level fluctuation or because of the reason of wave.Therefore, 26S Proteasome Structure and Function abundant and that improve the floating bed of plant floating cultivation has important function.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome some deficiency of the floating bed of existing plant floating cultivation, the utility model provides a kind of " floating bed cultivation self-fixing type plant planting alms bowl " of effectively fixing plants of suitable China's national situation.The utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopted: with the soft tubular plate of moulding of certain thickness and length; Behind the thermoplastic, be molded into two ends and be hollow and flat culture pan body that the middle part is pressed close to, owing to be flexible plastic; Flat culture pan body has certain elasticity; As with hand from culture pan body two ends to slightly firmly extruding of center, just in the middle of the culture pan body near part can expand and separate, facilitate the placement plant corpus this moment in the culture pan body; After extruding force disappeared, flat culture pan body was owing to the elastic force that self has, and culture pan body mid portion just can be close to again each other, relies on the elastic force of himself, with the plant corpus clamping, plant corpus is fixed in the culture pan body.Culture pan body both sides have the culture pan connection bayonet socket that the nylon connection cord connects, and are convenient to the nylon connection cord and connect each culture pan body, and nylon connection cord two ends are fixed on the buoyancy aid of the floating bed of cultivation.Also can connect and be fixed on the buoyancy aid of the floating bed of cultivation after latch makes the culture pan body become laterally connection through the culture pan of culture pan body both sides.Floating bed cultivation self-fixing type plant planting alms bowl can also be made into the train type of different sizes, different-thickness (producing different elastic force), to adapt to the plantation of different vegetation types, different plant size.The floating bed of this plant floating cultivation that is made up of self-fixing type plant planting alms bowl body has delicate structure, and is durable in use, long service life, characteristics such as cheap.Long period of soaking is pollution-free to water body in water body.Do not place any cultivation medium above the floating bed of this plant floating cultivation; Plant directly is planted in the culture pan body above the floating bed of plant floating cultivation; By the automatically firm plant corpus of culture pan body and make root system of plant directly stretch into water body to absorb nutrient in the water, therefore in light weight, be fit to install and carrying.The present invention also can be interconnected by a plurality of monomers " floating bed " and be combined into the floating bed of the very big disjunctor of area, is built into the big or small artificial article floating island of different area according to different waters, installs and discharge all very convenient.The beneficial effect of the utility model is, not only can reduce the cost of floating bed significantly, and suitable China applies in vast rural area, and to pollution control of water, preserving the ecological environment has important function.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is further described.
Fig. 1-the 1st is according to " a floating bed cultivation self-fixing type plant planting alms bowl " monomer structure sketch map of the utility model proposition.
Fig. 1-2 is " floating bed cultivation self-fixing type plant planting alms bowl " closed or expansion sketch map.
Fig. 2-the 1st, " floating bed cultivation self-fixing type plant planting alms bowl " be the young plant sketch map fixedly.
Fig. 2-the 2nd, " floating bed cultivation self-fixing type plant planting alms bowl " fixing thick plant sketch map.
Fig. 3-the 1st, " floating bed cultivation self-fixing type plant planting alms bowl " each monomer vertically connects the combination sketch map.
Fig. 3-the 2nd, " floating bed cultivation self-fixing type plant planting alms bowl " each monomer laterally connects the combination sketch map.
Among the figure: 1. the culture pan body, 2. plant insert mouthful, 3. culture pan connect bayonet socket, 4. ventilative window, 5. culture pan connects latch, 6. nylon connection cord, 7. plant corpus.8. latch is excellent.
To Fig. 1-2, utility model is flat with flexible plastic tubing through thermoplastic at Fig. 1-1, and blocks into culture pan body (1) alms bowl body upper center by certain-length and have outward extending plant to insert mouthful (2), and plant corpus (7) inserts mouthful (2) through plant and inserts in the alms bowl body; In the middle of the alms bowl body near the alms bowl body of part on, help the ventilative window (4) that root system of plant absorbs water air and nutrient; In Fig. 1-2; Flat culture pan body (1) has certain elasticity; As with hand from culture pan body (1) two ends to slightly firmly extruding of center, culture pan body (1) just in the middle of near part can expand and separate, after the extruding force disappearance; Flat culture pan body (1) is owing to the elastic force that self has, and culture pan body (1) mid portion just can be close to again each other.
To 2-2, flat culture pan body (1) has certain elasticity at Fig. 2-1, and as slightly firmly pushing from culture pan body (1) two ends to the center with hand, culture pan body (1) mid portion is expanded and separated, and plant corpus (7) is placed in the culture pan body; After openhanded the opening, flat culture pan body (1) is owing to the elastic force that self has, and culture pan body (1) mid portion just can be close to again each other, relies on the elastic force of himself, with the plant corpus clamping, plant corpus (7) is fixed in the culture pan body.Along with plant growing, the stem overstriking, culture pan body (1) also expands (Fig. 2-2) thereupon.
At Fig. 3-1 to the 3-2 illustrated embodiment; The culture pan that extend at oriented middle part, alms bowl body both sides connects bayonet socket (3); Nylon connection cord (6) can connect bayonet socket (3) top circular hole from culture pan and pass; Culture pan body (1) is interconnected in certain distance, make it in the floating bed of plant floating cultivation buoyancy aid, constitute vertical arranged distribution.After also can connecting latch (5) through the culture pan of alms bowl body both sides and latch rod (8) makes the alms bowl body become horizontal the connection, be fixed on the buoyancy aid of the floating bed of plant floating cultivation, make its formation transversely arranged distribution (Fig. 3-2) in the floating bed of other plant floating cultivation buoyancy aid.
PVC plastic pipe or other strip materials with certain buoyancy that embodiment is thicker with diameter are cut into 1-2 rice length; Two ends are connected rectangular with PVC plastic bend tube head or with other floating materials; As the buoyancy aid of the floating bed of plant floating cultivation, in order to connect and fixing " floating bed cultivation self-fixing type plant planting alms bowl ".Utility model is hollow and segment that the middle part is pressed close to flexible plastic tubing through thermoplastic mold pressing two ends; And block into culture pan body (1) by certain-length; Alms bowl body upper center has outward extending plant to insert mouthful (2); With hand slightly firmly extruding from culture pan body (1) two side direction center, in the middle of the culture pan body (1) near part just can expand and separate, be convenient to insert mouthful (2) placement plant corpuss (7) to the culture pan body from plant; After plant corpus (7) inserted in mouthful (2) insertion alms bowl body through plant, openhanded opening no longer exerted oneself, after extruding force disappears; Flat culture pan body (1) is owing to the elastic force that self has, and the intermediate portion just can be close to again each other, relies on the elastic force of himself; With the plant corpus clamping, plant corpus (7) is fixed in the culture pan body, along with the continuous growth of plant; The plant stem chap, plant grows up, and culture pan body (1) also expands thereupon.Because alms bowl body diameter can become greatly, can plant growing be affected as the culture pan of prior art because of volume fixedly restricts plant.And along with the growing up of plant, the culture pan body is more firm to the clamping meeting of plant, makes the also unlikely lodging of tall and big plant corpus; Alms bowl body middle part near the alms bowl body of part on, help the ventilative window (4) that root system of plant absorbs water air and nutrient; Alms bowl body both sides have the culture pan that extends to the middle part and connect bayonet socket (3), and nylon connection cord (6) can connect bayonet socket (3) top circular hole from the plant planting alms bowl and pass, and culture pan body (1) is interconnected in certain distance, is convenient to the culture pan body and is fixed on the floating bed of cultivation.After also can connecting latch (5) through the culture pan of culture pan body both sides and latch rod (8) makes the culture pan body become horizontal the connection, be fixed on the buoyancy aid of the floating bed of other plant floating cultivation.Floating bed cultivation self-fixing type plant planting alms bowl can also be made into the train type of different sizes, different-thickness (producing different elastic force), to adapt to the plantation of dissimilar plants, different big plantlets.

Claims (2)

1. a floating bed is cultivated self-fixing type plant planting alms bowl; It is characterized in that: be pressed into two ends and be hollow and flat culture pan body that the middle part is pressed close to have certain flexible tubular plastic hot mold; Alms bowl body mid portion expansion is separately when the center is pushed from culture pan body two ends when active force; Active force disappears, the culture pan body clamping plant corpus that resiles.
2. floating bed cultivation self-fixing type plant planting alms bowl according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: have outwards outstanding culture pan to connect latch in culture pan body both sides and be connected bayonet socket, can connect combination with similar culture pan connection or through the nylon connection cord with culture pan.
CN2012200325137U 2012-01-09 2012-01-09 Planting pot for culturing self-fixing type plant by floating bed Expired - Fee Related CN202406722U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200325137U CN202406722U (en) 2012-01-09 2012-01-09 Planting pot for culturing self-fixing type plant by floating bed

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200325137U CN202406722U (en) 2012-01-09 2012-01-09 Planting pot for culturing self-fixing type plant by floating bed

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110301345A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-10-08 浙江海洋大学 The suspended bed device of indoor submerged plant planting
CN115367887A (en) * 2022-10-25 2022-11-22 珠江水利委员会珠江水利科学研究院 Ecological river suitable for guaranteeing and improving water quality of river gushing in urban group

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110301345A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-10-08 浙江海洋大学 The suspended bed device of indoor submerged plant planting
CN110301345B (en) * 2019-08-09 2022-03-01 浙江海洋大学 Suspension bed device for indoor submerged plant planting
CN115367887A (en) * 2022-10-25 2022-11-22 珠江水利委员会珠江水利科学研究院 Ecological river suitable for guaranteeing and improving water quality of river gushing in urban group

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120905

Termination date: 20130109

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee