CN202383180U - Electricity-stealing preventing device - Google Patents

Electricity-stealing preventing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202383180U
CN202383180U CN2011205506721U CN201120550672U CN202383180U CN 202383180 U CN202383180 U CN 202383180U CN 2011205506721 U CN2011205506721 U CN 2011205506721U CN 201120550672 U CN201120550672 U CN 201120550672U CN 202383180 U CN202383180 U CN 202383180U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
electricity
stealing
theft device
metering
unit
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011205506721U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张名
张高旺
邓树斌
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Hao Tai Jieneng Electrical Equipment (fujian) Co Ltd
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Hao Tai Jieneng Electrical Equipment (fujian) Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2011205506721U priority Critical patent/CN202383180U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202383180U publication Critical patent/CN202383180U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of electricity-stealing prevention, and in particular relates to an electricity-stealing preventing device. The electricity-stealing preventing device is internally provided with an electricity-stealing preventing metering module for automatic identification, the electricity-stealing preventing metering module can report abnormality information of a metering circuit to a base station once monitoring abnormality of electricity utilization of the metering circuit or generation of an electricity-stealing suspicion situation, and the base station uniformly notifies a metering manager to immediately process. When the electricity-stealing preventing metering module monitors that the electricity-stealing action generates in the metering circuit, a power supply circuit of a user can be switched off; and when the user authorizes to unlock, the power supply circuit can be switched on through a power-failure executing unit. The electricity-stealing preventing device disclosed by the utility model has a simple structure and has important significance on evidence obtaining factors of electricity-stealing processes of exactly judging electricity-stealing time, electricity-stealing manner, stolen electricity amount and the like.

Description

Anti-electricity-theft device
Technical field
The utility model relates to the anti-theft electricity technology field, particularly a kind of anti-electricity-theft device.
Background technology
In the unprecedented prosperity of commercial production and household electrical appliance very general today, electric energy has become commercial production and the requisite part of resident living power utility.Along with increasing considerably of daily power consumption; User's stealing electricity phenomenon is also very general; And be on the rise, especially many large electricity consumers carry out stealing with various forms; The resident is the electricity filching behavior of various degrees also, even the electric system internal staff occurs and for the stealing user stealing phenomenon easily is provided.Annual therefore accurate and the effective measurement to electric energy directly has influence on electric system and national economy because of stealing is very serious to the loss that electric system and national economy cause, and stealing has become a serious social concern.Electricity filching behavior has seriously damaged the interests of electric power enterprise, has upset confession electricity consumption order.Simultaneously, because the ubiquity of stealing electricity phenomenon is managed by the loss of electric system and other management have increased difficulty, the stealing problem is to perplex power supply department always, and influences the completion of each item performance assessment criteria.
See from surface phenomena; The net result of stealing is to be reflected in always to receive electric weight and actual power consumption to produce difference, in some area and some electricity anti-theft method, has taked the method for two measurement loops to judge that difference appears in active power or electric weight to this; Judge stealing on this basis; This method is feasible to a certain extent, but accurately judges the method that stealing is adopted how, and aspects such as time that stealing takes place and the evidence obtaining of stealing process but exist problem.
At present, the anti-electricity-theft research of domestic low-pressure side has obtained certain achievement, but also has many deficiencies.Owing to can only use high-tension current inductor to measure to the measurement of high voltage side current at present; Can't realize the high-pressure side data are carried out the real-time online collection; On high-tension side electricity filching behavior is but felt simply helpless, so present anti-electricity-theft detection system only is confined to low-pressure side.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model provides a kind of anti-electricity-theft device, can effectively prevent electricity filching behavior, for when stealing, with the evidence obtaining of stealing processes such as which kind of method stealing, power-steeling quantity size foundation is provided.
The anti-electricity-theft device of the utility model adopts following scheme to realize: a kind of anti-electricity-theft device; It is characterized in that; Comprise: an anti-electricity-theft metering module; It is included as the back-up source and a microprocessor of this module for power supply; Said microprocessor is provided with switching value control output end and switching value signal feedback end, and this microprocessor also is connected with an electric energy metrical unit, a GPRS telecommunication unit, a short-distance wireless communication unit, RS485 communicating circuit, a storage unit, a real-time clock unit and a man-machine interaction unit; One hi-line live stream telegauge, it is through wireless mode and said short-distance wireless communication unit communications; One current/voltage transducer, the current and voltage signals of its detection of grid send to described electric energy metrical unit; And the break-make electricity performance element of a control user power utilization break-make, its control end is connected with described anti-electricity-theft metering module.
In the utility model one embodiment, described electric energy metrical unit adopts high precision electrical energy metering chip, and this chip comprises ATT7022 and ADE7880.
In the utility model one embodiment, described man-machine interaction unit comprises a LCDs and a plurality of operational and controlled key button.
In the utility model one embodiment, also comprise a metering electric energy meter, its data output end is connected with said microprocessor through said RS485 communicating circuit.
In the utility model one embodiment, comprise that also one is used to pin the coded lock of this anti-electricity-theft device container body of outer cover, described coded lock provides a communication loop to be connected with described microprocessor.
In the utility model one embodiment, the switching signal of said container body of outer cover door is detected by the door status switch detection module, and the signal output part of this door status switch detection module is connected with the tamper-proof signal input part that described microprocessor is provided with.
In the utility model one embodiment, comprise that also one is used to pin the common lock of this anti-electricity-theft device container body of outer cover door, described common lock comprises padlock and changes the tongue mechanical lock.
In the utility model one embodiment, comprise that also one is used to pin the seal of this anti-electricity-theft device container body of outer cover door, described seal is lead sealing line or electronic seal.
The utility model is more serious to stealing electricity phenomenon on the current social; And the batch meter that uses at present can not effectively prevent stealing from designing; The lawless person is easy to open the situation that batch meter carries out stealing; A kind of intelligent electricity anti-theft device that proposes, through the automatic identification of anti-electricity-theft metering module in installing, in a single day anti-electricity-theft metering module monitors the measurement loop multiplexing electric abnormality or has stealing suspicion phenomenon to take place; Can the measurement loop abnormal information be reported main website, can in time handle by the unified notice measuring control personnel of main website.When anti-electricity-theft metering module monitors measurement loop when having electricity filching behavior to take place, can cut off user's current supply circuit, have only through authorizing release, break-make electricity performance element could recover normal power supply.Its circuit structure is simple, is accurately judging when stealing, aspect the evidence obtaining of stealing processes such as which kind of method stealing, power-steeling quantity size, is having great importance.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the circuit theory synoptic diagram of the anti-electricity-theft metering module embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the low meter of the high confession of a utility model anti-electricity-theft device architecture principle synoptic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the architecture principle synoptic diagram of the utility model anti-electricity-theft device massive quantity power supply and measurement.
Fig. 4 is the utility model anti-electricity-theft device container body of outer cover structural representation.
Among the figure:
1, cabinet door, 2, cabinet, 3, the electric energy meter form, 4, anti-electricity-theft module form, 5, coded lock, 6, common lock, 7, door status switch detection module, 8, seal.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is further specified.
As shown in Figure 1; Present embodiment at first provides a kind of anti-electricity-theft metering module; Be included as the back-up source and a microprocessor of this module for power supply; Said microprocessor is provided with switching value control output end and switching value signal feedback end, and this microprocessor also is connected with an electric energy metrical unit, a GPRS telecommunication unit, a short-distance wireless communication unit, RS485 communicating circuit, a storage unit with, a real-time clock unit and a man-machine interaction unit.This anti-electricity-theft metering module is realized the measurement loop information acquisition; Comprise that the electric energy meter data are copied and accepted, electric parameter collection, electric energy metrical, measurement loop operation exception status monitoring; And the data of gathering are realized computing, management and remote transmission, also integrated simultaneously resident collect copy, functions such as voltage monitoring, the management of power load.In a single day this module monitors the measurement loop multiplexing electric abnormality or has stealing suspicion phenomenon to take place, and can in time initiatively report main website, and in time handles through the notice measuring control personnel of main website, and managerial personnel can look the long-range transmission or not of user power utilization situation simultaneously.In order to let those skilled in the art better understand the utility model, carry out brief account in the face of each module of this anti-electricity-theft metering module down:
Said RS485 communicating circuit; Interface connects electric energy meter; Gather, store data at interval by setting acquisition time; Image data comprises: the reactive energy indicating value is arranged, idle maximum demand and information such as time of origin, power, voltage, electric current, device parameter, equipment state and exception record are arranged, and call together in main website and to send to main website when surveying.
In the present embodiment; This anti-electricity-theft metering module also provides 2 the road or above door input interface; Can gather gate signal (containing Box for avoiding fraudulent use of electricity, common batch meter, control box etc.) location status in real time, should charge to internal memory when displacement takes place and initiatively report or when the inquiry of the last main website, send this displacement signal to it.
This anti-electricity-theft metering module employing LCD screen and upper and lower, left and right, affirmation, six operation push-buttons of cancellation are formed human-computer interaction interface.
This anti-electricity-theft metering module has one road GPRS communication port, can carry out remote radio communication with main website, and its communication protocol is followed national grid and southern electrical network predetermined data transmission protocol.
This anti-electricity-theft metering module provides a short out distance wireless communication, can flow the telegauge short-range communication with the hi-line live.Amateurish open frequency range (as: 433MHz, 325MHz, 470MHz) is adopted in this communication, and continuous service need not communication cost.
This anti-electricity-theft metering module is connected with break-make electricity performance element through switching value control and signal feedback interface, can carry out long-range in real time.
This anti-electricity-theft metering module adopts high precision electrical energy metering chip (as: ATT7022, ADE7880 etc.); Can measure metering loop voltage, electric current, power, power factor and electric flux in real time; Possess the various multiplexing electric abnormality monitoring functions of measurement loop; As: decompression, under-voltage, voltage phase sequence unusual, the electric current phase sequence unusual, electric current reversed polarity, electric energy meter electric weight are overproof, voltage/current uneven out-of-limit, stop/power on, combine hi-line live stream telegauge can monitoring and metering CT first short circuit, unusual, the overcurrent of CT of secondary bypass, no-load voltage ratio etc. unusually.Electric energy metrical, maximum demand measurement function meet regulation metering and the limits of error requirement of DL/T614, DL/T614.Include event type, time of origin and correlation circumstance, can report main website in time to handle, comparatively detailed data are provided for investigating and prosecuting electricity filching behavior.
This anti-electricity-theft metering module has the above memory space of 4M, and data-frozen stores data or the data demand of nearest 12 check meter the cycle (check meter day) at nearest 12 months 24 o'clock the end of month at least with storing to satisfy.Its memory headroom also satisfies the functional requirement of microprocessor remotely updating program far away.
Band real time execution clock in this anti-electricity-theft metering module, have long-range to the time function, its backup battery is had no progeny in power supply, lets data preserve at least one month.Rechargeable battery has the ability of module kept and main website communication three times (reporting the date constantly that has a power failure, time, meritorious, capacity of idle power) at least during power failure.
Please with reference to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3; Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 are respectively high low meter, the massive quantity power supply and measurement structural principle synoptic diagram of supplying; Present embodiment provides a kind of anti-electricity-theft device; It comprises: an anti-electricity-theft metering module; It is included as the back-up source and a microprocessor of this module for power supply, and said microprocessor is provided with switching value control output end and switching value signal feedback end, and this microprocessor also is connected with an electric energy metrical unit, a GPRS telecommunication unit, a short-distance wireless communication unit, RS485 communicating circuit, a storage unit, a real-time clock and a man-machine interaction unit; One hi-line live stream telegauge, it is through wireless mode and said short-distance wireless communication unit communications; One current/voltage transducer, the current and voltage signals of its detection of grid send to described electric energy metrical unit; And the break-make electricity performance element of a control user power utilization break-make, its control end is connected with described anti-electricity-theft metering module.This device in real time the monitoring and metering loop various unusual (overproof, power failure etc.) like decompression, under-voltage, current open and short circuit, phase sequence mistake, wiring error, electric energy meter metering and utilize the unusual device of mobile communications network report.This intelligent electricity anti-theft device can use as the intelligent electricity anti-theft batch meter separately, also can be additional to by the common batch meter side, links to each other with common batch meter through raceway, forms electricity-stealing prevention metering tank jointly, and the monitoring and metering loop is various unusual in real time; Can cooperate with the high and low pressure control box, and link to each other with negative control system and realize remote monitoring.This intelligent electricity anti-theft case apparatus is accurately being judged when stealing, aspect the evidence obtaining of stealing processes such as which kind of method stealing, power-steeling quantity size, is being had great importance.
Do brief account in the face of each unit module down: wherein; Break-make electricity performance element is the reserved function of intelligent electricity anti-theft device; Its effect is: when anti-electricity-theft metering module monitors measurement loop when having electricity filching behavior to take place; Cut off user's current supply circuit, have only through authorizing release, break-make electricity performance element could recover normal power supply.This break-make electricity performance element can be vacuum circuit breaker, combination switch, magnetic latching relay etc.
The current/voltage transducer is: voltage transformer (VT) (PT), current transformer (CT).Main effect is transformed to high voltage, high current signal satisfies monitoring, measuring requirement, can supply voltage, the current signal of Equipment Inspections such as electric energy meter and metering module.
(it can adopt patented product: ZL200420002086.3) be used for directly measuring hi-line live stream, measured value is passed to anti-electricity-theft metering module through the short-distance wireless communication mode to hi-line live stream telegauge.Adopt this equipment can effectively monitor no-load voltage ratio, the angular difference of CT, anti-electricity-theft user carries out stealing through repacking CT or with the CG open circuit.
Please with reference to Fig. 4; The utility model also has a container body of outer cover; This casing comprises cabinet door 1, cabinet 2, electric energy meter form 3, anti-electricity-theft module form 4, coded lock 5, padlock 6, door status switch detection module 7 and seal 8, and wherein (it can adopt patented product to coded lock: ZL200720009051.6) be contained on the anti-electricity-theft device cabinet door.This lock is formed for machinery and electronic integral; No working power in the lock; Its electronic section working power is supplied with during by electronic key unlocking, this coded lock only key obtain being responsible for authorize after, could unblank at official hour; Can stop illegal opening device cabinet door, can effectively prevent the internal staff is that electricity filching behavior facilitates.
This coded lock can with anti-electricity-theft module communication, can be in time with lock open/close state, open/information uploading main websites such as blocking time.
Said common lock is that power supply power system management department installs the electric power special lockset additional, the seal use is set, and described seal can be lead sealing line or electronic seal etc.In the present embodiment, this cabinet shell is the enclosed construction of metal material, and sheet metal thickness is not less than 1.2mm, and has the measure of rainwater leakage prevention, and degree of protection should be not less than the regulation of IP33 grade.Casing and mechanical component have enough physical strengths, and casing is solid, safe, thief-proof, the harmful distortion of unlikely generation when accumulating, installation, operation and maintenance.The gate signal of casing adopts door status switch to detect, and on the cabinet door seal can be set.In the casing main circuit power supply all by bottom half into and out of line, anti-electricity-theft module is installed in the casing.
The above is merely the preferred embodiment of the utility model, and all equalizations of being done according to the utility model claim change and modify, and all should belong to the covering scope of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. an anti-electricity-theft device is characterized in that, comprising:
One anti-electricity-theft metering module; It is included as the back-up source and a microprocessor of this unit power supply; Said microprocessor is provided with switching value control output end and switching value signal feedback end, and this microprocessor also is connected with an electric energy metrical unit, a GPRS telecommunication unit, a short-distance wireless communication unit, RS485 communicating circuit, a storage unit, a real-time clock unit and a man-machine interaction unit;
One hi-line live stream telegauge, it is through wireless mode and said short-distance wireless communication unit communications;
One current/voltage transducer, the current and voltage signals of its detection of grid send to described electric energy metrical unit; And
The break-make electricity performance element of one control user power utilization break-make, its control end is connected with described anti-electricity-theft metering module.
2. anti-electricity-theft device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described electric energy metrical unit adopts high precision electrical energy metering chip, and this chip comprises ATT7022 and ADE7880.
3. anti-electricity-theft device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described man-machine interaction unit comprises a LCDs and a plurality of operational and controlled key button.
4. anti-electricity-theft device according to claim 1, its characteristic exists: also comprise a metering electric energy meter, its data output end is connected with said microprocessor through said RS485 communicating circuit.
5. anti-electricity-theft device according to claim 1, its characteristic exists: comprise that also one is used to pin the coded lock of this anti-electricity-theft device container body of outer cover, described coded lock provides a communication loop to be connected with described microprocessor.
6. anti-electricity-theft device according to claim 5; Its characteristic exists: the switching signal of said container body of outer cover door is detected by the door status switch detection module, and the signal output part of this door status switch detection module is connected with the tamper-proof signal input part that described microprocessor is provided with.
7. anti-electricity-theft device according to claim 5, its characteristic exists: comprise that also one is used to pin the common lock of this anti-electricity-theft device container body of outer cover door, described common lock comprises padlock and changes the tongue mechanical lock.
8. anti-electricity-theft device according to claim 5, its characteristic exists: comprise that also one is used to pin the seal of this anti-electricity-theft device container body of outer cover door, described seal is lead sealing line or electronic seal.
CN2011205506721U 2011-12-26 2011-12-26 Electricity-stealing preventing device Expired - Fee Related CN202383180U (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102981441A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-03-20 国网电力科学研究院 Monitoring and protecting device and system and method of electrical load
CN103076478A (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-05-01 中国移动通信集团湖南有限公司湘潭分公司 Anti-electricity larceny method, device and system for communication base station
CN104835396A (en) * 2015-05-11 2015-08-12 北京新源绿网节能科技有限公司 Simulation system based on anti-electric-larceny skill training
CN106053905A (en) * 2016-05-21 2016-10-26 徐洪军 Novel electricity stealing prevention device
CN109164326A (en) * 2018-10-11 2019-01-08 国网上海市电力公司 A kind of area's line loss exception defect elimination method
CN110736888A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-01-31 国网上海市电力公司 method for monitoring abnormal electricity consumption behavior of user
CN110763885A (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-02-07 国网江苏省电力有限公司南通供电分公司 Single-phase user steals electric monitored control system
CN111537772A (en) * 2020-05-19 2020-08-14 广东电网有限责任公司东莞供电局 Electricity larceny prevention and false wiring prevention electric energy meter and electricity larceny prevention and false wiring prevention method

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102981441A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-03-20 国网电力科学研究院 Monitoring and protecting device and system and method of electrical load
CN102981441B (en) * 2012-11-13 2016-04-27 国家电网公司 A kind of power load monitoring and protecting device, system and method
CN103076478A (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-05-01 中国移动通信集团湖南有限公司湘潭分公司 Anti-electricity larceny method, device and system for communication base station
CN103076478B (en) * 2012-12-18 2015-03-25 中国移动通信集团湖南有限公司湘潭分公司 Anti-electricity larceny method, device and system for communication base station
CN104835396A (en) * 2015-05-11 2015-08-12 北京新源绿网节能科技有限公司 Simulation system based on anti-electric-larceny skill training
CN106053905A (en) * 2016-05-21 2016-10-26 徐洪军 Novel electricity stealing prevention device
CN109164326A (en) * 2018-10-11 2019-01-08 国网上海市电力公司 A kind of area's line loss exception defect elimination method
CN110736888A (en) * 2019-10-24 2020-01-31 国网上海市电力公司 method for monitoring abnormal electricity consumption behavior of user
CN110763885A (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-02-07 国网江苏省电力有限公司南通供电分公司 Single-phase user steals electric monitored control system
CN110763885B (en) * 2019-12-05 2021-11-12 国网江苏省电力有限公司南通供电分公司 Single-phase user steals electric monitored control system
CN111537772A (en) * 2020-05-19 2020-08-14 广东电网有限责任公司东莞供电局 Electricity larceny prevention and false wiring prevention electric energy meter and electricity larceny prevention and false wiring prevention method

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20120815

Termination date: 20201226