CN202374672U - Automatic seeder for raising tray seedlings - Google Patents

Automatic seeder for raising tray seedlings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202374672U
CN202374672U CN2011203944473U CN201120394447U CN202374672U CN 202374672 U CN202374672 U CN 202374672U CN 2011203944473 U CN2011203944473 U CN 2011203944473U CN 201120394447 U CN201120394447 U CN 201120394447U CN 202374672 U CN202374672 U CN 202374672U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seed
axle
matrix
shaft
covering
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011203944473U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
崔永军
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崔永军
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Priority to CN2011203944473U priority Critical patent/CN202374672U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202374672U publication Critical patent/CN202374672U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an automatic seeder for raising tray seedlings, which comprises a frame. A tray feeding mechanism, a matrix holding mechanism, a holing mechanism and a rotary seeding mechanism are sequentially disposed on the frame, and are powered by a same power source. The rotary seeding mechanism comprises a seed chamber, a rotary seed shaft and a seeding cover. The seeding chamber is disposed above the left of the rotary seed shaft. Nonmetallic elastic material in tight contact with the rotary seed shaft is arranged at the lower end of a seed outlet of the seed chamber. A plurality of axial circular grooves are reserved on the peripheral face of the rotary seed shaft. The groove bottom of each circular groove is provided with a plurality of seed holes. The seeding cover covers the outer peripheral face of the rotary seed shaft far away from the seed chamber. A row of seed discharging holes corresponding to the seed holes on the rotary seed shaft is reserved at the lower end of the seeding cover. By the automatic seeder, the emergence rate of seeds is increased, the problem of dropping of the seeds from the seed chamber is solved, and the seeding rate reaches 100%.

Description

The pellet type seeding plough of growing seedlings
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural mechanical field, particularly relates to a kind of pellet type seeding plough of growing seedlings.
Background technology
Reasons such as the pellet type soilless-cultivated seedling is fast owing to the speed of growing seedlings, seedling density is big, survival rate height are used widely; But mostly present pellet type soilless-cultivated seedling sowing is that hand or semi-mechanization worker operate, because the pallet kind is bored characteristics such as density is big, diameter is little, when the by artificial seeding, is easy to generate uneven sowing and spares, leaks and plant or multiple phenomenon; Influence the quality of growing seedlings; And working strength is big, and sowing efficient is low, can't satisfy the requirement of growing seedlings on a large scale.Notification number is that the Chinese utility model patent of CN201307993Y discloses a kind of floating seedlings automatic disc filling sower; Be equipped with successively on the frame of this sower and float dish conveyer, medium in tray mechanism and press cave mechanism; Press in the mechanism of cave and be provided with the rotation cavity pressing wheel; Be provided with the rotation seeding wheel in the sowing mechanism; The rotation cavity pressing wheel passes through mechanical drive mode each other with the rotation seeding wheel, makes both be coupled to each other the coordinate synchronization operation, lets and floats the pit in dish cave that press on top and the aligned in position of the seed of sowing through each.This kind sower is when work; The driving that is rotated in transmission mechanism of cavity pressing wheel is rotation down, and the matrix that the protruding nail bronze drum extruding on the cavity pressing wheel circumference is floated on the dish forms hole, seed cave, and the cave hole depth that this mode is suppressed is shallow inconsistent; Form impractical thing around the hole, cave easily, untidy; The seed cabin of this kind sower is installed in rotation seeding wheel upper right side, the seed export of rotation seeding wheel extruding seed cabin in the process of rotation, and seed falls into the groove on the rotation seeding wheel from the seed cabin outlet; Kind is got in realization; Along with the rotation of rotation seeding wheel, seed drops in the hole, cave that suppresses, and this kind got kind of mode owing to get kind through the mode of rotation seeding wheel extruding; Seed is extruded bad easily; Survival rate is affected, and seeding accuracy is poor, is easy to generate the hole and leaks multiple phenomenon in kind or the cave.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of seed and the high pellet type of seeding accuracy seeding plough of growing seedlings that do not damage, and improves the success rate of growing seedlings.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose; The technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: the pellet type seeding plough of growing seedlings; Comprise frame; Be provided with into disc mechanism, dress matrix mechanism, cavitation mechanism and rotary seeder structure on this frame successively, this advances disc mechanism, dress matrix mechanism, cavitation mechanism and rotary seeder structure by same drive power source, and described rotary seeder structure comprises seed cabin, rotation seed axle and sowing cover; Seed cabin is arranged on rotation seed axle upper left side, and seed cabin is got kind of mouth lower end and is provided with and rotates the tight non metal elastic thing matter that contacts of seed axle; Described rotation seed axle periphery is provided with some axial rings connected in stars, and this annular groove bottom land is provided with some seeds hole; Described sowing cover is coated on rotation seed axle to be departed from the outer circumference surface of seed cabin, the corresponding seed export in seed hole on this sowing cover lower end is provided with a row and rotates the seed axle.
This programme is realized the rotation seed in the process of rotation through seed cabin being arranged on rotation seed axle upper left side, and seed is fallen in the seed hole on the rotation seed axle through getting kind of mouth automatically; Get kind of mouth bottom at seed cabin the elastic material that closely contacts with rotation seed axle is set, one side has been avoided the extruding of hard thing and has been caused the seed damage, has improved seeding ratio; Solved the problem that seed is missed on the other hand from seed cabin; Depart from rotation seed axle and be coated on the bottom on the outer circumference surface of seed cabin and offer seeding outlet; Make that seed is merely able to broadcast accurately the hole, cave of pallet from the seed export of sowing cover lower end; Solve traditional seedling-culturing sowing machine and sow coarse problem, planting rates reaches 100%.
Described cavitation mechanism comprises a horizontal power transmission shaft and at least one longitudinal drive shaft; Pass through the bevel gear engaged transmission between laterally power transmission shaft and longitudinal drive shaft connect; The lower end of longitudinal drive shaft is provided with clean disk, and this clean disk is provided with some cleaning cavitation brushes near excircle.
Clean disk drives the rotation of cleaning cavitation brush in the driving of power transmission shaft, cleans the extruding on pallet of cavitation brush on the one hand and rotates hole, satisfactory seed cave, cleans the impractical thing around the hole, cave on the other hand, makes the tray surface neat and tidy.
Described dress matrix mechanism comprises the shaft and matrix filling axle that is arranged in the matrix case, and a described matrix filling periphery is provided with some pressing plates vertically.
Pressing plate on the described filling axle periphery is 4, and its interval radian along periphery is identical.
Shaft stirs the matrix in the matrix case in rotation process, has avoided matrix granule to vary in size and produces the frame blocking problem; Pressing plate on the matrix filling axle is floating uniformly with the matrix on the pallet in matrix filling axle rotating process, has guaranteed that the matrix loading density is even.
Rotary seeder structure rear end also is provided with the covering mechanism by same drive power source on the described frame, and this covering mechanism comprises the matrix case, is arranged on the shaft in the matrix case and covers axle that this covering axle is provided with the plurality of teeth bud.
Covering mechanism is used for the seed on the pallet of accomplishing sowing is covered, and the tooth bud that covers on the axle guarantees to cover matrix thickness unanimity.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1, be the grow seedlings general structure sketch map of seeding plough of the utility model pellet type;
Fig. 2, advance the disc mechanism structural representation for the utility model;
Fig. 3, be the rotary seeder structure structural representation of the utility model;
Fig. 4, be the rotation seed axle construction sketch map of the utility model;
Fig. 5, be the cavitation mechanism structure sketch map of the utility model;
Fig. 6, be the dress matrix mechanism structure sketch map of the utility model;
Fig. 7, be the covering mechanism structural representation of the utility model.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing this patent is done further explain.
Like Fig. 1-shown in Figure 4; The pellet type of the utility model seeding plough of growing seedlings comprises frame 1, is provided with into disc mechanism 9, dress matrix mechanism 2, cavitation mechanism 3 and rotary seeder structure 4 on this frame 1 successively; Advance disc mechanism 9, dress matrix mechanism 2, cavitation mechanism 3 and rotary seeder structure 4 by same drive power source; In the present embodiment, power source is a motor 6, and motor 6 drives chain through reductor and drives.Advance disc mechanism 9 and comprise pallet case 91 and advance to coil chain 94, advance to coil chain 94 and be provided with push pedal 95; At seeding time, pallet 92 is positioned in the pallet case 91 and stacks, and undermost pallet 92 places on the dish chain 94; Motor 6 drives and advances to coil chain 94 motions, and the undermost pallet of push pedal 95 promotions that advances to coil on the chain 94 moves forward.Rotary seeder structure 4 comprises seed cabin 41, rotation seed axle 42 and sowing cover 43; Seed cabin 41 is arranged on rotation seed axle 42 upper left sides, and seed cabin 41 is got kind of mouth lower end and is provided with and rotates the tight non metal elastic thing matter 44 that contacts of seed axle, and this elastic material can be sponge, rubber etc.; Rotation seed axle 42 peripheries are provided with some axial annular grooves 45, and these annular groove 45 bottom lands are provided with some seeds hole; Sowing cover 43 is coated on rotation seed axle 42 to be departed from the outer circumference surface of seed cabin 41, and these sowing cover 41 lower ends are provided with a row and rotate the corresponding seed export in seed hole on the seed axle 42.This programme is realized rotation seed axle 42 in the process of rotation through seed cabin 43 being arranged on 42 upper left sides of rotation seed, and seed is fallen in the seed hole on the rotation seed axle 42 through getting kind of mouth automatically; Getting kind of mouth bottom setting and elasticity nonmetallic substances such as rotation seed axle 42 tight sponges that contact or rubber at seed cabin 43, one side has been avoided the extruding of hard thing and has been caused the seed damage, has improved seeding ratio; Solved the problem that seed is missed on the other hand from seed cabin; Be employed on the outer circumference surface that rotation seed axle 42 departs from seed cabin 43 and coat sowing cover 43; Offer seeding outlet in these sowing cover 43 bottoms; Make that seed is merely able to broadcast accurately the hole, cave of pallet from the seed export of sowing cover 43 lower ends; Solve traditional seedling-culturing sowing machine and sow coarse problem, planting rates reaches 100%.
As shown in Figure 5, cavitation mechanism 3 comprises a horizontal power transmission shaft 31 and two longitudinal drive shafts 32, and certainly as required, longitudinal drive shaft also can be 3 or 4; Laterally pass through bevel gear 33 engaged transmission between power transmission shaft 31 and the longitudinal drive shaft 32, the lower end of longitudinal drive shaft 33 is provided with clean disk 34, and clean disk 34 is provided with some cleaning cavitation brushes 35 near excircle.
As shown in Figure 6, dress matrix mechanism comprises the shaft 22 and matrix filling axle 23 that is arranged in the matrix case 21, and matrix filling axle 23 peripheries are provided with some pressing plates 24 vertically, and this shaft and matrix filling axle are by same chain drive.In the present embodiment, pressing plate 24 is 4, and it is provided with the identical mode of interval radian along periphery.Shaft 22 stirs 21 matrix in the matrix case in rotation process, has avoided matrix granule to vary in size and produces the frame blocking problem; Pressing plate 24 on the matrix filling axle 23 is floating uniformly with the matrix on the pallet 92 in matrix filling axle rotating process, has guaranteed that the matrix loading density is even.
Like Fig. 1 and shown in Figure 7; Rotary seeder structure 4 rear ends also are provided with the covering mechanism 5 that is driven by same power source motor 6 on the frame 1; This covering mechanism 5 comprises matrix case 51, is arranged on the shaft 52 in the matrix case 51 and covers axle 53 that this covering axle 53 is provided with the plurality of teeth bud.Covering mechanism 5 is used for the seed on the pallet 92 of accomplishing sowing is covered, and the tooth bud that covers on the axle 53 guarantees to cover matrix thickness unanimity.

Claims (7)

1. pellet type seeding plough of growing seedlings; Comprise frame; Be provided with into disc mechanism, dress matrix mechanism, cavitation mechanism and rotary seeder structure on this frame successively; This advances disc mechanism, dress matrix mechanism, cavitation mechanism and rotary seeder structure by same drive power source, it is characterized in that described rotary seeder structure comprises seed cabin, rotation seed axle and sowing cover; Seed cabin is arranged on rotation seed axle upper left side, and seed cabin is got kind of mouth lower end and is provided with and rotates the tight non metal elastic thing matter that contacts of seed axle; Described rotation seed axle periphery is provided with some axial rings connected in stars, and this annular groove bottom land is provided with some seeds hole; Described sowing cover is coated on rotation seed axle to be departed from the outer circumference surface of seed cabin, the corresponding seed export in seed hole on this sowing cover lower end is provided with a row and rotates the seed axle.
2. according to the described pellet type of claim 1 seeding plough of growing seedlings; It is characterized in that; Described cavitation mechanism comprises a horizontal power transmission shaft and at least one longitudinal drive shaft; Through the bevel gear engaged transmission, the lower end of longitudinal drive shaft was provided with clean disk between laterally power transmission shaft and longitudinal drive shaft connect, and this clean disk is provided with some cleaning cavitation brushes near excircle.
3. according to claim 1 or the 2 described pellet types seeding plough of growing seedlings, it is characterized in that described dress matrix mechanism comprises the shaft and matrix filling axle that is arranged in the matrix case, a described matrix filling periphery is provided with some pressing plates vertically.
4. according to the described pellet type of claim 3 seeding plough of growing seedlings, it is characterized in that the pressing plate on the described filling axle periphery is 4, its interval radian along periphery is identical.
5. according to claim 1 or the 2 described pellet types seeding plough of growing seedlings; It is characterized in that; Rotary seeder structure rear end also is provided with the covering mechanism by same drive power source on the described frame; This covering mechanism comprises the matrix case, is arranged on the shaft in the matrix case and covers axle that this covering axle is provided with the plurality of teeth bud.
6. according to the described pellet type of claim 3 seeding plough of growing seedlings; It is characterized in that; Rotary seeder structure rear end also is provided with the covering mechanism by same drive power source on the described frame; This covering mechanism comprises the matrix case, is arranged on the shaft in the matrix case and covers axle that this covering axle is provided with the plurality of teeth bud.
7. according to the described pellet type of claim 4 seeding plough of growing seedlings; It is characterized in that; Rotary seeder structure rear end also is provided with the covering mechanism by same drive power source on the described frame; This covering mechanism comprises the matrix case, is arranged on the shaft in the matrix case and covers axle that this covering axle is provided with the plurality of teeth bud.
CN2011203944473U 2011-10-10 2011-10-10 Automatic seeder for raising tray seedlings Expired - Fee Related CN202374672U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203944473U CN202374672U (en) 2011-10-10 2011-10-10 Automatic seeder for raising tray seedlings

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203944473U CN202374672U (en) 2011-10-10 2011-10-10 Automatic seeder for raising tray seedlings

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202374672U true CN202374672U (en) 2012-08-15

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011203944473U Expired - Fee Related CN202374672U (en) 2011-10-10 2011-10-10 Automatic seeder for raising tray seedlings

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102498799A (en) * 2011-10-10 2012-06-20 崔永军 Tray type automatic seeding machine for seeding raising
CN103891507A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-07-02 台州市绿沃川农场(普通合伙) Vegetable cultivation method
CN105613098A (en) * 2016-03-15 2016-06-01 杨航 Soil filling device for pot flowers

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102498799A (en) * 2011-10-10 2012-06-20 崔永军 Tray type automatic seeding machine for seeding raising
CN103891507A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-07-02 台州市绿沃川农场(普通合伙) Vegetable cultivation method
CN103891507B (en) * 2014-03-28 2016-03-30 台州市绿沃川农场(普通合伙) Vegetable cultivation implantation methods
CN105613098A (en) * 2016-03-15 2016-06-01 杨航 Soil filling device for pot flowers

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GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120815

Termination date: 20141010