CN202369132U - Operation platform deck for loading and unloading operation of bulk cargoes transported through railway and port - Google Patents

Operation platform deck for loading and unloading operation of bulk cargoes transported through railway and port Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202369132U
CN202369132U CN2011205386274U CN201120538627U CN202369132U CN 202369132 U CN202369132 U CN 202369132U CN 2011205386274 U CN2011205386274 U CN 2011205386274U CN 201120538627 U CN201120538627 U CN 201120538627U CN 202369132 U CN202369132 U CN 202369132U
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railway
platform
unloading
loading
fixed
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CN2011205386274U
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Chinese (zh)
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王天奇
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JILIN MINGPU OPTICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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JILIN MINGPU OPTICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides an operation platform deck for loading and unloading operation of bulk cargoes transported through a railway and a port, which comprises a lifting platform, a rail flat plate and a carrying automobile. The lifting platform is formed by a base, an oil cylinder, hydraulic oil, a piston, a flat gasket and a supporting table. The oil cylinder is fixed on the base, the flat gasket is fixed on the piston of the oil cylinder and fixedly connected with the bottom of the supporting table simultaneously, and the piston and the flat gasket are of a connection structure with cylindrical surfaces in rotary contact. The rail flat plate is formed by a platform, a transition connection plate, a platform surface fixing plate and a train standard gauge rail. The transition connection plate is fixed on the platform through bolts. The rail flat plate is directly connected with the rail through the lifting platform, and single section of cargo carriage can be allowed to be stably pushed onto the rail flat plate and is fixed on the rail flat plate. Therefore, loading and unloading efficiency of the bulk cargo combined transport through the railway and the port are improved, one complete flow of 'loading-unloading' or 'unloading-loading' is remarkable reduced, and loading and unloading operation efficiency of combined transport is improved.

Description

The operation of railway harbour transhipment bulk handling is with the running microscope carrier
Technical field
The utility model provides the operation of a kind of railway harbour transhipment bulk handling with the running microscope carrier, is the improvement to existing Storage of Goods apparatus structure, belongs to the goods technical field of memory.
Background technology
Traditional goods transport storage method is: at first utilize railway to transport bulk goods near the harbour, unload the bulk goods in train wagons compartment at railway goods yard; Load onto automobile to bulk goods then, utilize automobile to transport to bulk goods the bulk handling field at harbour again, outstanding characteristic be bulk goods in this flow process, be described as the process of " unloading-entrucking-unload-load onto ship ".If load onto lorry to bulk goods from ship, also be the process of " unloading a ship-entrucking-unload-freight ".Just the place-exchange of bulk handling initial sum termination lorry and freighter once.Therefore in each handling process, cause a large amount of bulk goods to run off; Form sometimes " sudden and violent native airborne dust ", cause serious environmental to pollute.What is more important: in the process of " unloading-adorn-unload-adorn ", operating efficiency is too low, has reduced harbour shipment efficient, has also reduced the port capacity, has improved logistics cost.The for example transportation of northeast soybean, railway are transported to the soybean in Heilungkiang near the Dalian harbor, along the process of continuous " unloading-adorn-unload-adorn ", go on board goods at last.Even the train of same train number because the goods ownership is different, loads and unloads and also can not obscure sometimes, diverse location loads and unloads in the goods yard, harbour, brings bigger trouble to port operation, and operating efficiency further worsens.
Railway car ferries mode between the existing straits is the permutation compartment to be divided into several sections shift onto on the railway wheel ferryboat; From first transport to second ground; Again the permutation compartment is unloaded from the railway car ferries freighter on second ground; But when bulk goods is adopted the railway car ferries operation, all need build the railway car ferries harbour, be used for bulk goods ferry transportation in first, second two places; Because the railway car ferries Wharf Construction is expensive billions of, the construction period reaches 3 ~ 5 years.In addition, because the goods in car load railway carriage or compartment does not have the process of loading or unloading, in the harbour on first, second ground, can not implement bulk handling, the logistics cost of bulk goods grouping thus, marshalling and shipping system and railway system's coordinated management strengthens.Can't not implement bulk goods ferry operation for what have a railway car ferries berth terms.
Summary of the invention
Utility model provides the operation of a kind of railway harbour transhipment bulk handling with the running microscope carrier; Be used for the operation of railway harbour transhipment bulk handling; Solved the shortcoming of existing railway harbour transhipment bulk handling work flow, realized wholely transporting to the goods yard, harbour to train single-unit wagon box, loaded and unloaded.
The railway harbour transhipment bulk handling operation that the utility model provides comprises lifting table, dull and stereotyped, the transporting cars formation of track with the running microscope carrier; Wherein, lifting table is made up of base, oil cylinder, hydraulic oil, piston, plain cushion, saddle; Oil cylinder is fixed on the base, and plain cushion is fixed on the piston of oil cylinder, simultaneously below the captive joint saddle; Piston is that the cylinder rotation contacts draw bail with plain cushion; The track flat board is made up of platform, transition connecting plate, table top adapter plate, train standard-gauge rail, and transition connecting plate is fixed by bolts on the platform; Train standard-gauge rail and table top adapter plate are fixed by bolts on the transition connecting plate; The spacing of train standard-gauge rail and train standard pitch are wide; The single-unit wagon box is loaded on the track flat board, together aims at the track for a train plane with lifting table.
The disclosed railway of the utility model harbour transhipment bulk handling operational method may further comprise the steps:
Shift the wagon box of marshaling on the iron running microscope carrier onto, utilize the Railway transportation platform to load onto transporting cars to single-unit wagon box 1, make single-unit wagon box independent stationary on transporting cars, the goods yard Railway transportation that is transported to the appointment of goods yard, harbour according to the goods ownership is reprinted platform; On goods yard Railway transportation reprinting platform, unload bulk goods automatically, accomplish shipment;
Use two Railway transportations to reprint platform Railway transportation reprinting platform in the described operation and be arranged in railway goods yard, be used for the single-unit wagon box and load onto transporting cars, perhaps organize into groups the single-unit wagon box on the transporting cars according to the train running planning chart from railroad track; Railway transportation is reprinted platform and is arranged in the goods yard, harbour, unloads automatically in the single-unit boxcar that is used on the transporting cars, perhaps is used for goods yard, the single-unit wagon box harbour loading on the transporting cars;
Reprint platform (being called for short iron running microscope carrier) at railway truck-transporting cars, load onto transporting cars to train single-unit compartment, transport to the goods yard, harbour after, utilize the Railway transportation bay-lift in goods yard directly to unload bulk goods, so can load onto ship.Process simplification is the process of " Railway transportation-Railway transportation unloads-loads onto ship ".It is different that the Railway transportation of the utility model is reprinted railway car ferrieses such as platform and Hainan: at first the utility model is to transport the single-unit boxcar, and railway car ferries is an array carriage; Secondly, the Railway transportation in the utility model is reprinted the process of bulk goods that platform makes wagon box in addition loading and unloading in the goods yard, harbour, railway car ferries a row train from first ground with transporting to second, or from second with transporting to first, the goods in car load railway carriage or compartment does not have the process of loading or unloading.The utlity model has train marshalling function once more, railway car ferries does not then have.
The difference of the bulk goods wagon box tipper at the utility model and harbour, Qinhuangdao is; Railway transportation is reprinted platform and is moved, and can move to the goods yard, harbour to single-unit bulk goods wagon box, not only can unload; Can also directly load onto the train wagons railway carriage or compartment to the bulk goods of unloading down on the ship in the goods yard, harbour; And the tipper in Qinhuangdao is fixed, and can only unload at railway goods yard.
Be transported to the loading process of railway from ship; Be an adverse current journey, be discharged to the harbour lorry to Cargo On Deck exactly, reprint on the platform at the harbour Railway transportation and directly load onto in the lorry single-unit compartment; Transport to the railway goods yard Railway transportation and reprint platform directly to go up rail just passable, process simplification is " unloading-the Railway transportation dress-last rail ".
Be organized as several different lorry bulk goods that belong to unit for a row train, can when directly transporting, directly transport to the ad-hoc location unloading of goods yard, harbour.Operating efficiency also is improved.The flow process of the utility model is very strong to the adjustment capability of operation.
The utility model has deducted perhaps " entrucking-unload " process of complete " unloading-entrucking " at original operation process, and overall efficiency provides nearly one times.Also reduce the bulk goods loss, improved the port capacity.For example: 4000 tons of a plurality of owners of cargo of row mix row, and 5 kilometers of goods yard transhipment distances, spend 18 hours at the loadingunloading time that original technology is average.Use " Railway transportation-unload-adorn " operation, practiced thrift 6 hours.And the man power and material who employs also correspondingly reduces by three/the last one.Reduced half the labour cost generally.And the port capacity has correspondingly improved 1/3rd.
The advantage that the utlity model has is following:Utilize lifting table to make track dull and stereotyped straight-through, allow the single-unit wagon box steadily to be brought to the track flat board and fixing boxcar on the track flat board with rail; The track flat board of lifting table can with the synchronous oscilaltion in single-unit boxcar, load onto transporting cars, perhaps unload from transporting cars, transport together with single-unit boxcar one.When requiring vehicular transport, the track flat board can be fixed on the transporting cars with the single-unit boxcar jointly.Railway transportation is reprinted platform and is had automatic unloading function, can unload bulk goods automatically in goods yard, harbour any given position, also can together bear the impact of tip lorry loading with transporting cars.Improved the bulk goods through transport of railway harbour handling efficiency.Obviously reduce " adorning-unload " or " unloading-adorn " flow process of one whole, improved through transport loading and unloading operation efficient.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model " Railway transportation-unload-adorn " flow diagram;
Among the figure: 1, wagon box; 2, iron running microscope carrier; 3, freighter; 4, the goods yard, harbour; 5, railway goods yard; 6, the transhipment highway between the goods yard; 7, port and pier; 8, the goods yard Railway transportation is reprinted platform.
Fig. 2, Railway transportation loading bench structure principle chart;
Among the figure: 2.1, lifting table; 2.2 track is dull and stereotyped; 2.3, transporting cars; 1, wagon box.
Fig. 3, track slab construction figure;
Among the figure: 2.2.1, platform; 2.2.2, transition connecting plate; 2.2.3, the table top adapter plate; 2.2.4, the train standard-gauge rail.
Fig. 4, the lifting table constructional drawing;
Among the figure: 2.1.1, base; 2.1.2, oil cylinder; 2.1.3, hydraulic oil; 2.1.4, piston; 2.1.5, plain cushion; 2.1.6, saddle.
The specific embodiment
According to Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, Railway transportation reprinting platform 2,8 structures are following: comprise lifting table 2.1, and track flat board 2.2, transporting cars 2.3 constitutes; Wherein, lifting table 2.1 is by base 2.1.1, oil cylinder 2.1.2, and hydraulic oil 2.1.3, piston 2.1.4, plain cushion 2.1.5, saddle 2.1.6 constitutes (referring to Fig. 4); Oil cylinder 2.1.2 is fixed on the base 2.1.1, and plain cushion 2.1.5 is fixed on the piston 2.1.4 of oil cylinder 2.1.2, simultaneously below the captive joint saddle 2.1.6; Piston 2.1.4 is that the cylinder rotation contacts draw bail with plain cushion 2.1.5.
According to shown in Figure 3, track dull and stereotyped 2.2 is by platform 2.2.1, transition connecting plate 2.2.2, and table top adapter plate 2.2.3, train standard-gauge rail 2.2.4 constitutes, and transition connecting plate 2.2.2 is fixed by bolts on the platform 2.2.1; Train standard-gauge rail 2.2.4 and table top adapter plate 2.2.3 are fixed by bolts on the transition connecting plate 2.2.2; Spacing and the train standard pitch of train standard-gauge rail 2.2.4 are wide.
As shown in Figure 1; Shift the wagon box 1 of marshaling on the iron running microscope carrier 2 onto; Utilize Railway transportation platform 2 to load onto transporting cars 2.3 to single-unit wagon box 1, make single-unit wagon box 1 independent stationary on transporting cars 2.3, the goods yard Railway transportation that is transported to 4 appointments of goods yard, harbour according to the goods ownership is reprinted platform 8; On goods yard Railway transportation reprinting platform 8, unload bulk goods automatically, accomplish shipment 3.
Use two Railway transportations to reprint platform 2,8 in the described operation; Railway transportation is reprinted platform 2 and is arranged in railway goods yard 5;, be used for single-unit wagon box 1 and load onto transporting cars 2.3 from railroad track, perhaps organize into groups the single-unit wagon box 1 on the transporting cars 2.3 according to the train running planning chart; Railway transportation is reprinted platform 8 and is arranged in goods yard, harbour 4, unloads automatically in the single-unit boxcar 1 that is used on the transporting cars 2.3, perhaps is used for goods yard, single-unit wagon box 1 harbour 4 loadings on the transporting cars 2.3.
According to shown in Figure 1, railway bulk goods compartment 1 normal loading ability is 60 tons, single-unit compartment deadweight: 20.6 tons.Track in the enforcement dull and stereotyped 2.2 adopts the frame box structure, and 3 meters are wide, and long 15 meters, 0.3 meter of thickness, 120 tons of load-carrying capacitys; Transition connecting plate 2.2.2 thickness is 50mm; The dull and stereotyped table top adapter plate of track 2.2.3 thickness is 152, and basic and height such as GB50KG rail grade is convenient to compartment 3 fixed installations and wearing and tearing and is changed.About 10 tons of dull and stereotyped 2.2 deadweights of track.
Lifting table 2.1 is made up of 0.3 meter thick lightweight frame box structure saddle 2.1.6 and hydraulic ram 2.1.2; Saddle 2.1.6 is wide 4 meters, 15 meters of length; Hydraulic ram 2.1.2 single cylinder load is 200 tons, 0.3 meter of lifting travel; 0.2 meter of base 2.1.1 thickness, 0.5 meter of diameter, the both sides hydraulic ram can form domatic, and angle is 4.3 °, two collaborative works of homonymy; 0.1 meter of plain cushion 2.1.5 thickness, 0.3 meter of diameter is used for jacking cylinder and saddle is fixedly connected.
During real work was used, the production time table of single-unit wagon box: " Railway transportation " reprinted platform 0.2 hour, transported " unloading-adorn " 0.5 hour, bicycle production time 0.9 hour 0.2 hour.Detroit automation was handled 5 single-unit compartments in one hour, 4000 tons of about 70 joint compartments, and a cover Railway transportation is reprinted 14 hours platform Detroit automation time.Consider the different owner of cargos' another arena requirement, 5 owners of cargo for example, corresponding five cover Railway transportations are reprinted platforms, amount to about 2.8 hours of Detroit automation.In conjunction with the single grab trolley work data of single game: 16 hours/car.Actual about about 10 hours of the time of accomplishing shipment.

Claims (1)

1. railway harbour transhipment bulk handling operation is characterized in that with the running microscope carrier: comprise lifting table, dull and stereotyped, the transporting cars composition of track; Wherein, lifting table is made up of base, oil cylinder, hydraulic oil, piston, plain cushion, saddle; Oil cylinder is fixed on the base, and plain cushion is fixed on the piston of oil cylinder, simultaneously below the captive joint saddle; Piston is that the cylinder rotation contacts draw bail with plain cushion; The track flat board is made up of platform, transition connecting plate, table top adapter plate, train standard-gauge rail, and transition connecting plate is fixed by bolts on the platform; Train standard-gauge rail and table top adapter plate are fixed by bolts on the transition connecting plate; The spacing of train standard-gauge rail and train standard pitch are wide.
CN2011205386274U 2011-12-21 2011-12-21 Operation platform deck for loading and unloading operation of bulk cargoes transported through railway and port Active CN202369132U (en)

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CN2011205386274U CN202369132U (en) 2011-12-21 2011-12-21 Operation platform deck for loading and unloading operation of bulk cargoes transported through railway and port

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011205386274U CN202369132U (en) 2011-12-21 2011-12-21 Operation platform deck for loading and unloading operation of bulk cargoes transported through railway and port

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108249140A (en) * 2018-01-17 2018-07-06 苏州亮磊知识产权运营有限公司 A kind of intelligent Matching transportation system based on port handling
CN109987421A (en) * 2018-05-08 2019-07-09 杨小虹 The unit cargo Unitized logistics operating system and method for highway railway combined transport

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108249140A (en) * 2018-01-17 2018-07-06 苏州亮磊知识产权运营有限公司 A kind of intelligent Matching transportation system based on port handling
CN109987421A (en) * 2018-05-08 2019-07-09 杨小虹 The unit cargo Unitized logistics operating system and method for highway railway combined transport
CN109987421B (en) * 2018-05-08 2019-12-17 杨小虹 Unit goods unitized logistics operation system and method for road-rail combined transportation

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