CN202366346U - Double-action and double-brake rescue device used in high-rise building - Google Patents

Double-action and double-brake rescue device used in high-rise building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202366346U
CN202366346U CN2011204587153U CN201120458715U CN202366346U CN 202366346 U CN202366346 U CN 202366346U CN 2011204587153 U CN2011204587153 U CN 2011204587153U CN 201120458715 U CN201120458715 U CN 201120458715U CN 202366346 U CN202366346 U CN 202366346U
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China
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banking pin
lifter
wheel
double
fixed wheel
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN2011204587153U
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Chinese (zh)
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周卫
张朝侠
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a double-action and double-brake rescue device used in a high-rise building, relates to the field of rescue equipment for high-rise buildings, and solves the problems that most of conventional escape devices have not dual functions of saving oneself and rescue others, and are complex in structure, and poor in safety. The double-action and double-brake rescue device comprises a support frame and a steel wire rope; a fixed pulley is arranged on the support frame; the double-action and double-brake rescue device further comprises two sets of elevators, namely a first elevator and a second elevator; the first elevator is fixedly connected with the support frame through a bolt; and the second elevator passes through the fixed pulley on the support frame through the steel wire rope and is connected with the first elevator. The double-action and double-brake rescue device has a simple structure, is high in safety, and can be used for saving oneself and rescuing others.

Description

The two moving two system safety apparatus of skyscraper
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of skyscraper safety apparatus, particularly relates to the two moving two system safety apparatus of a kind of skyscraper.
Background technology
At present, along with increasing gradually of skyscraper, the building escape apparatus is as a kind of critical facility, more and more paid attention to by people and extensively adopts, and is used for urgent danger prevention when taking place in order to great dangerous situations such as fire.Existing escape device is broadly divided into three types: the first kind is a direct-type, like hanging ladder or utilize the aerostatic buoyancy principle and the parachute for preparing; Second type is autocontrol, and its method is to utilize frictional force and the interactional principle of gravity, own to lowering means control decrease speed, like cornerite hand escape apparatus, train control speed formula escape apparatus etc.; The 3rd type is electric-controlled type, utilizes motor or hydraulic means to transfer and is rescued personnel.But existing these escape apparatus are that the volume that has is excessive on the one hand; The complex structure that has; Take the space of building after the inconvenient or fixed installation of the installation that has, have need people at ordinary times to some extent training could operate, in practical application, exist such or such shortcoming; Be difficult to let the people reach satisfied, the escape apparatus that especially has can not guarantee aspect security fully; Be under the indoor situation that old the children and disabled person arranged on the other hand,, that is to say that existing escape apparatus much can not have the dual-use function of saving oneself and succouring other people concurrently in the face of such self-rescue escape device just is difficult to the due effect of performance; Particularly existing escape apparatus mostly do not have portability, promptly can not be carried to the scene of the accident and rescue by the fire-fighting rescue team member is adopted.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is in order to overcome deficiency of the prior art, provide a kind of simple in structure, easy to operate, safe, have the two moving two system safety apparatus of skyscraper that the function of saving oneself also can be succoured other people.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose; The utility model provides a kind of skyscraper two moving two system safety apparatus, comprises bracing frame and steel wire rope, and support frame as described above is provided with fixed pulley; Said two moving two system safety apparatus are provided with two cover lifters; Be lifter one and lifter two, said lifter one is fixedly connected with bracing frame through bolt, and said lifter two is connected with lifter one through the fixed pulley on the steel wire penetrating bracing frame.
Said lifter comprises fixed wheel, driving wheel, central shaft, baffle plate, crank, guide wheel and load-bearing axle; The middle part of the fixed wheel plectane of said fixed wheel is provided with cylinder; The front end of cylinder inner wall is nested with an expansion spring, and the two ends of expansion spring are provided with the breathing rod that points to the cylinder center of circle; The sleeve of said driving wheel is placed in outside the cylinder of fixed wheel, and an end of steel wire rope is fixed on the outer wall of sleeve, be provided with on the base plate of sleeve one with the twin board of shaft parallel, the base plate of sleeve is provided with a brake apparatus in the face of a side of baffle plate; Said brake apparatus comprises keep plate, tripping spring, banking pin and check band; Keep plate is connected through bolt with the sleeve end wall of driving wheel; Tripping spring places between keep plate and the banking pin; Banking pin can pass the brake hole that is provided with on sleeve wall inside brake hole and the fixed wheel plectane of driving wheel, and the two ends of check band connect crank and banking pin respectively; The axle that said central shaft is positioned at the fixed wheel cylinder chamber is provided with a semicircle projection, and projection is placed in the semicircle that the breathing rod of expansion spring and expansion spring surrounded, and the two ends of central shaft are fixedly connected with crank; Rocking handle and rocking arm flexibly connect; The lower end of the plectane of said baffle plate and fixed wheel is provided with a load-bearing axle, and the upper end with respect to the load-bearing axle on the plectane of baffle plate and fixed wheel is provided with a guide wheel respectively.
Said baffle plate evenly is provided with at least with the periphery of the plectane of fixed wheel, and six roots of sensation screw rod is connected fixing.
The banking pin of said brake apparatus comprises banking pin dish, banking pin rod and braking bolt, and a side of said banking pin dish is provided with the banking pin rod, and the opposite side of banking pin dish is provided with braking bolt; Said braking bolt is fixedly connected with check band, and said banking pin rod is provided with and is at least two.
Said banking pin rod is set to six.
The length of said banking pin rod equals or is slightly larger than the braking pin-and-hole of driving wheel and the banking pin hole length sum on the fixed wheel plectane.
The utility model beneficial effect is:
Because the safety apparatus of the utility model is simple in structure; Support and two lifters that have fixed pulley; Therefore installation and removal are all very easy, the time that need not cost a lot of money, therefore both can on high-rise, fix use; Also can select balcony, window or top of building can settle the place of support to use this safety apparatus temporarily, also be convenient to the fire-fighting rescue personnel simultaneously and carry;
The crank of the lifter of the utility model clockwise or rotate counterclockwise the up-down that can determine lifter; Driving wheel then stops driving wheel to rotate after under the effect of rope traction power, making twin board in the driving wheel to the expansion spring application of force in the fixed wheel in the lifter then if crank stops operating; Thereby realized that crank rotates the up-down of decision lifter, the motionless then lifter of crank stops to go up and down;
Because the driving wheel twin board self has braking function; And brake driving wheel through the stay cord on the crank in that a banking pin is set on the driving wheel; braking when rocking handle becomes 180 to spend with rocking arm, braking releasing when rocking handle becomes 90 to spend with rocking arm makes lifter that dual braking function arranged.If lifter is put cunning under special circumstances; Then rocking handle is got rid of straight under action of centrifugal force; Just rocking handle becomes 180 degree with rocking arm; Lifter automatic brake then that is to say if lifter puts sliding then lifter has the function of Braking mode, thereby the security of the utility model in rescue further is guaranteed;
Because the utility model has adopted two lifters simultaneously, and one of them is fixed, another is used for going up and down, and not only can save oneself, and also can realize giving first aid to other people again, through lifter one repeat put down, shaken, can realize succouring many people's purpose; In addition, after succouring other people and finishing can with the lifter that before had been fixed with the lifter that is used to hang exchange use, can succour the purpose that other people back realization personnel save oneself, because simple to operation so can practice thrift the quality time in the rescue process.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the two moving two system safety apparatus of the skyscraper of the utility model are described further.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the two moving two system safety apparatus user mode sketch mapes of the skyscraper of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the axle cut-away view of the lifter of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is that each parts of lifter of the utility model split cut-away view along central shaft;
Fig. 4 is the axle cut-away view of the driving wheel of the utility model.
Among the figure: 1, bracing frame, 2, steel wire rope, 3, fixed pulley, 4, lifter one, 5, lifter two, 6, fixed wheel, 7, driving wheel; 8, central shaft, 9, baffle plate, 10, crank, 11, guide wheel, 12, the load-bearing axle, 13, hitch, 14, safety belt; 15 check bands, 16, plectane, 17, cylinder, 18, expansion spring, 19, the breathing rod, 20, sleeve, 21, base plate; 22, twin board, 23, the banking pin dish, 24, brake apparatus, 25, keep plate, 26, tripping spring, 27, banking pin, 28, driving wheel braking pin-and-hole; 29, fixed wheel braking pin-and-hole, 30, projection, 31, braking bolt, 32, the banking pin rod, 33, rocking handle, 34, rocking arm.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the two moving two system safety apparatus of the skyscraper of the utility model comprise bracing frame 1 and steel wire rope 2; Bracing frame 1 is provided with fixed pulley 3; Present embodiment is provided with two cover lifters, i.e. lifter 1 and lifter 25, and lifter 1 is fixedly connected with bracing frame 1 through bolt; Lifter 25 is connected with lifter 1 through the fixed pulley 3 that steel wire rope 2 passes on the bracing frame 1, and safety belt 14 is connected with the load-bearing axle 12 of lifter 25 through hitch 13.Owing to adopted two lifters, can be used for saving oneself as the lifter that goes up and down, the lifter that is fixed can be used to transport other people, and the utility model not only can be saved oneself like this, also can realize giving first aid to other people; After succouring other people and finishing, can be with lifter that before had been fixed and the lifter that is used to go up and down exchange, rescue the people once more or save oneself realizing; Because the safety apparatus of the utility model is simple in structure; Installation and removal are all very easy, the time that need not cost a lot of money, are convenient to the fire-fighting rescue personnel and carry; Therefore both can on high-rise, fix use, also can select the temporary fixed use of balcony, window or top of building.
Like Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, lifter comprises fixed wheel 6, driving wheel 7, central shaft 8, baffle plate 9, crank 10, guide wheel 11 and load-bearing axle 12.The middle part of the fixed wheel plectane 16 of fixed wheel 6 is provided with cylinder 17, and the front end of cylinder 17 inwalls is nested with an expansion spring 18, and the two ends of expansion spring 18 are provided with the breathing rod 19 that points to cylinder 17 centers of circle.The axle that central shaft 8 is positioned at fixed wheel 6 cylinders 17 chambeies is provided with a semicircle projection 30, and projection 30 is placed in the semicircle that the breathing rod 19 of expansion spring 18 and expansion spring 18 surrounded, and the two ends of central shaft 8 are fixedly connected with crank 10.
As shown in Figure 4; The sleeve 20 of driving wheel 7 is placed in outside the cylinder 17 of fixed wheel; One end of steel wire rope 2 is fixed on the outer wall of sleeve 20, and a twin board 22 parallel with central shaft 8 is set on the base plate 21 of sleeve 20, and the base plate 21 of sleeve 20 is provided with a brake apparatus 24 in the face of a side of baffle plate 9.Brake apparatus 24 comprises keep plate 25, tripping spring 26, banking pin 27 and check band 15.Keep plate 25 is connected through bolt with sleeve 20 end walls of driving wheel 7.
Like Fig. 3, shown in Figure 4, the banking pin 27 of brake apparatus 24 comprises banking pin dish 23, banking pin rod 32 and braking bolt 31, and a side of banking pin dish 23 is provided with banking pin rod 32, and the opposite side of banking pin dish 23 is provided with braking bolt 31; Braking bolt 31 is fixedly connected with check band 15, and banking pin rod 32 is provided with and is at least two, and the banking pin rod of present embodiment 32 evenly is set to six at banking pin dish 23 edges.Tripping spring 26 places between keep plate 25 and the banking pin 27.The banking pin of banking pin 27 rod 32 can pass the braking pin-and-hole 29 that is provided with on sleeve 20 wall inside brake pin-and-holes 28 and fixed wheel 6 plectanes 16 of driving wheel 7, and the length of banking pin rod 32 equals or is slightly larger than driving wheel 7 braking pin-and-holes 28 and fixed wheel 6 plectanes 16 braking pin-and-holes 29 length sums.
As shown in Figure 2, the two ends of check band 15 connect crank 10 and banking pin 27 respectively.Baffle plate 9 is provided with a load-bearing axle 12 with the lower end of the plectane 16 of fixed wheel 6, and the upper end with respect to load-bearing axle 12 on the plectane 16 of baffle plate 9 and fixed wheel 6 is provided with a guide wheel 11 respectively.Baffle plate 9 is connected fixing with the periphery of the plectane 16 of fixed wheel 6 by six roots of sensation screw rod.
The lifter of the utility model drives central shaft 8 when shaking crank 10; The projection 30 of central shaft 8 acts on the breathing rod 19 of expansion spring 18, makes expansion spring 18 shrink, and this moment, expansion spring 18 broke away from cylinder 17 inwalls of fixed wheel 6; After rotating, the projection 30 of central shaft 8 make the twin board 22 of driving wheel 7 also along with rotation; Just drive driving wheel 7 and rotate, thereby realized rolling or transferring of steel wire rope 2, the i.e. up-down of lifter; But when central shaft 8 stops operating; Because lifter and people's gravity effect makes steel wire rope 2 strain driving wheels 7; Then the twin board 22 of driving wheel 7 acts on the breathing rod 19 of expansion spring 18; Make expansion spring 18 swell and block cylinder 17 inwalls of fixed wheel 6, thereby because the rotation that the frictional force of expansion spring 18 on cylinder 17 inwalls of fixed wheel 6 increases the twin board 22 that can stop driving wheel 7 gradually, realized the function that the motionless then driving wheel of crank 10 7 is motionless.
The lifter of the utility model can not only be realized braking action through 22 pairs of driving wheels of twin board 7 of driving wheel 7; But also can further brake through the 24 pairs of driving wheels 7 of brake apparatus that are provided with on the driving wheel 7; Realize two braking effects; That is: the check band 15 of brake apparatus 24 tension banking pins rod 32 when rocking handle 33 is spent for 34 one-tenth 90 with rocking arm, then the top of banking pin rod 32 breaks away from the braking pin-and-hole 29 on fixed wheel 6 plectanes 17, so driving wheel 7 just can shaking and rotate with crank 10; The rocking handle 33 of crank 10 is stretching on same straight line with rocking arm 34; Because of the tractive force of 15 pairs of banking pins 27 of check band reduces; Again because the impetus of 26 pairs of banking pins 27 of tripping spring makes the top of banking pin rod 32 of banking pin 27 get into the braking pin-and-hole 29 on fixed wheel 6 plectanes 17; Realize the fixing of driving wheel 7 and fixed wheel 6, that is to say the further locking of 24 pairs of driving wheels 7 of brake apparatus, make the security of lifter further be protected.

Claims (6)

1. two moving pair an of skyscraper is made safety apparatus; Comprise bracing frame and steel wire rope, it is characterized in that support frame as described above is provided with fixed pulley; Said two moving two system safety apparatus are provided with two cover lifters; Be lifter one and lifter two, said lifter one is fixedly connected with bracing frame through bolt, and said lifter two is connected with lifter one through the fixed pulley on the steel wire penetrating bracing frame.
2. the two moving two system safety apparatus of skyscraper according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Said lifter comprises fixed wheel, driving wheel, central shaft, baffle plate, crank, guide wheel and load-bearing axle; The middle part of the fixed wheel plectane of said fixed wheel is provided with cylinder, and the front end of cylinder inner wall is nested with an expansion spring, and the two ends of expansion spring are provided with the breathing rod that points to the cylinder center of circle; The sleeve of said driving wheel is placed in outside the cylinder of fixed wheel, and an end of steel wire rope is fixed on the outer wall of sleeve, be provided with on the base plate of sleeve one with the twin board of shaft parallel, the base plate of sleeve is provided with a brake apparatus in the face of a side of baffle plate; Said brake apparatus comprises keep plate, tripping spring, banking pin and check band; Keep plate is connected through bolt with the sleeve end wall of driving wheel; Tripping spring places between keep plate and the banking pin; Banking pin can pass the brake hole that is provided with on sleeve wall inside brake hole and the fixed wheel plectane of driving wheel, and the two ends of check band connect crank and banking pin respectively; The axle that said central shaft is positioned at the fixed wheel cylinder chamber is provided with a semicircle projection, and projection is placed in the semicircle that the breathing rod of expansion spring and expansion spring surrounded, and the two ends of central shaft are fixedly connected with crank; Rocking handle and rocking arm flexibly connect; The lower end of the plectane of said baffle plate and fixed wheel is provided with a load-bearing axle, and the upper end with respect to the load-bearing axle on the plectane of baffle plate and fixed wheel is provided with a guide wheel respectively.
3. the two moving two system of skyscraper according to claim 2 safety apparatus is characterized in that, said baffle plate and the periphery of the plectane of fixed wheel evenly are provided with at least six roots of sensation screw rod and are connected and fix.
4. the two moving two system safety apparatus of skyscraper according to claim 2; It is characterized in that; The banking pin of said brake apparatus comprises banking pin dish, banking pin rod and braking bolt, and a side of said banking pin dish is provided with the banking pin rod, and the opposite side of banking pin dish is provided with braking bolt; Said braking bolt is fixedly connected with check band, and said banking pin rod is provided with and is at least two.
5. the two moving two system safety apparatus of skyscraper according to claim 4 is characterized in that said banking pin rod is set to six.
6. the two moving two system of skyscraper according to claim 4 safety apparatus is characterized in that, the length of said banking pin rod equals or is slightly larger than the braking pin-and-hole of driving wheel and the banking pin hole length sum on the fixed wheel plectane.
CN2011204587153U 2011-11-11 2011-11-11 Double-action and double-brake rescue device used in high-rise building Expired - Lifetime CN202366346U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204587153U CN202366346U (en) 2011-11-11 2011-11-11 Double-action and double-brake rescue device used in high-rise building

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204587153U CN202366346U (en) 2011-11-11 2011-11-11 Double-action and double-brake rescue device used in high-rise building

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102389623A (en) * 2011-11-11 2012-03-28 周卫 Double-acting double-braking rescue apparatus for high-rise building
CN103172001A (en) * 2013-02-20 2013-06-26 李景海 Movable wide-angle type rescue elevator and rescue car

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102389623A (en) * 2011-11-11 2012-03-28 周卫 Double-acting double-braking rescue apparatus for high-rise building
CN103172001A (en) * 2013-02-20 2013-06-26 李景海 Movable wide-angle type rescue elevator and rescue car
CN103172001B (en) * 2013-02-20 2016-05-25 李景海 A kind of mobile wide-angle type rescue elevator and relief car

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GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20120808

Effective date of abandoning: 20130925

RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant