CN202344327U - Feeding and discharging tooling for machining engine crankshaft - Google Patents

Feeding and discharging tooling for machining engine crankshaft Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202344327U
CN202344327U CN2011204196357U CN201120419635U CN202344327U CN 202344327 U CN202344327 U CN 202344327U CN 2011204196357 U CN2011204196357 U CN 2011204196357U CN 201120419635 U CN201120419635 U CN 201120419635U CN 202344327 U CN202344327 U CN 202344327U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
feeding
bracket
engine crankshaft
discharging
switching mechanism
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011204196357U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵彦军
陈政弘
卢顺祥
张新志
赵松
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Great Wall Motor Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Great Wall Motor Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Great Wall Motor Co Ltd filed Critical Great Wall Motor Co Ltd
Priority to CN2011204196357U priority Critical patent/CN202344327U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202344327U publication Critical patent/CN202344327U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A feeding and discharging tooling for machining an engine crankshaft is used for solving the problems that the labor intensity of workers is high and the input cost of equipment is high. The feeding and discharging tooling comprises an execution mechanism, a driving mechanism, a control mechanism and a base, wherein the execution mechanism consists of a sliding table, a guide rail, a feeding bracket, a discharging bracket, a bracket fixing seat, a turning mechanism, a clamping jaw and a turning mechanism support frame; a sliding chute matched with the guide rail is formed in the bottom of the sliding table; the guide rail is fixedly mounted on the base; the structure of the feeding bracket is identical with that of the discharging bracket; the feeding bracket and the discharging bracket are mounted on the bracket fixing seat along a straight line; the bracket fixing seat is fixedly connected with a corresponding element of the driving mechanism; the clamping jaw is arranged at one end of the turning mechanism; the other end of the turning mechanism is movably connected with the turning mechanism support frame through a turning shaft; and the turning mechanism support frame is fixed on the sliding table. According to the feeding and discharging tooling disclosed by the utility model, the manual operation amount is reduced; the labor intensity of operators is reduced; and compared with a traditional manipulator, the feeding and discharging tooling has the advantages of low equipment cost and simpleness in maintenance and is beneficial to the increase on the production efficiency of enterprises.

Description

A kind of engine crankshaft processing loading and unloading frock
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of tooling device, is particularly useful for the loading and unloading frock of engine crankshaft on machining tool, belongs to mechanical equipment technical field.
Background technology
At present, in many engine production enterprise, the mach upper and lower material method of bent axle generally adopts the form by manual work or manipulator carrying.Because of there is the defective that automaticity is low, operator's labour intensity is big in the upper and lower material mode of manual work, become the bottleneck that restriction enterprise production capacity improves; And utilize the manipulator loading and unloading not only the equipment input cost be high, maintenance cost is high, operating personnel's technical ability requires highly, and a manipulator gives the multiple devices loading and unloading, when manipulator breaks down, can cause production line to stop production, and production can't be run well.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is the drawback that exists to present bent axle machined loading and unloading mode, provides a kind of and can reduce operator's labour intensity and equipment input cost, guarantees the engine crankshaft processing loading and unloading frock that production line runs well.
The said problem of the utility model realizes with following technical proposals:
A kind of engine crankshaft processing loading and unloading frock; It comprises executing agency, driving mechanism, controlling organization and base in constituting; Said executing agency is made up of slide unit, guide rail, material loading support, blanking support, support holder, switching mechanism, jaw and switching mechanism bracing frame, and said slide unit bottom is provided with the chute equipped with guide rail, and said guide rail is fixedly mounted on the base; Said material loading support is identical with the blanking supporting structure; Be installed on the support holder along straight line, said support holder is fixedly connected with the driving mechanism counter element, and said switching mechanism one end is provided with jaw; The other end flexibly connects through trip shaft and switching mechanism bracing frame, and said switching mechanism bracing frame is fixed on the slide unit.
Above-mentioned engine crankshaft processing loading and unloading frock; Said driving mechanism comprises that workpiece overturning drive device, jaw clamp cylinder and workpiece translational motion cylinder; Said workpiece overturning drive device is made up of servomotor and decelerator; Said servomotor is connected with reducer shaft, and said decelerator is connected with executing agency counter element axle, and each element of driving mechanism is installed on executing agency's correspondence position.
Above-mentioned engine crankshaft processing loading and unloading frock; Said controlling organization comprises inductive switch, both hands start button and PLC controller; Said inductive switch, both hands start button all are connected through lead with the PLC controller, and said PLC controller is connected through lead with drive mechanism elements.
Above-mentioned engine crankshaft processing loading and unloading frock also comprises raceway in the formation, said raceway and base rail are arranged in parallel, and end face is provided with the pallet of place work piece above that.
Above-mentioned engine crankshaft processing loading and unloading frock also comprises safty shield in the formation, said safty shield is installed in the neighboring area of executing agency's counter element.
The utility model improves present bent axle machined loading and unloading mode, accomplishes workpiece loading and unloading action through the upset of cantilever switching mechanism, and the workpiece motion s track is simple, and amount of action is few, and reliability is high; As driving force, and utilize intelligentized control system through servomotor and cylinder, guaranteed the accurate even running of mechanism, reduce because the adverse consequences that various maloperations cause.In a word, adopt the utility model, can not only reduce the manually-operated amount, reduce operator's labour intensity, and compare with conventional robot that to have equipment cost low, safeguard simple advantage, help improving enterprises production efficiency.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described further.
Fig. 1 is the utility model front view;
Fig. 2 is the utility model side view;
Fig. 3 is the artificial blanking state of a utility model vertical view;
Fig. 4 is that the material view is got in the utility model wait.
Each label is among the figure: 1, base, 2, slide unit, 3, the workpiece translational motion cylinder, 4, safty shield, 5, raceway, 6, the support holder; 7, guide rail, 8, the material loading support, 9, the blanking support, 10, inductive switch, 11, the both hands start button, 12, pallet; 13, PLC controller, 14, servomotor, 15, decelerator, 16, switching mechanism, 17, jaw clamps cylinder; 18, jaw, 19, lathe, 20, the switching mechanism bracing frame, 21, the switching mechanism movement locus, 22, workpiece.
The specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4; The utility model comprises executing agency, driving mechanism, controlling organization and base in constituting; Said executing agency is made up of slide unit 2, guide rail 7, material loading support 8, blanking support 9, support holder 6, switching mechanism 16, jaw 18 and switching mechanism bracing frame 20, and said slide unit 2 bottoms are provided with the chute that is equipped with guide rail 7, and said guide rail 7 is fixedly mounted on the base 1; Said material loading support 8 is identical with blanking support 9 structures; Be installed on the support holder 6 along straight line, said support holder 6 is fixed on workpiece translational motion cylinder telescopic arm top, and said switching mechanism 16 1 ends are provided with jaw 18; The other end flexibly connects through trip shaft and switching mechanism bracing frame 20, and said switching mechanism bracing frame 20 is fixed on the slide unit 2.
Referring to Fig. 1; Driving mechanism during the utility model constitutes comprises that workpiece overturning drive device, jaw clamp cylinder 17 and workpiece translational motion cylinder 3; Said workpiece overturning drive device is made up of servomotor 14 and decelerator 15, and said servomotor 14 is connected with 15 of decelerators, and said decelerator 15 is connected with the rotating shaft of switching mechanism 16; Said jaw clamps the crossbeam inboard that cylinder 17 is installed in switching mechanism 16, and said flat-removing air cyclinder 3 is installed on the slide unit 2 leading flank correspondence positions.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2; Controlling organization during the utility model constitutes comprises inductive switch 10, both hands start button 11, PLC controller 13; Said inductive switch 10, both hands start button 11 all are connected through lead with PLC controller 13, and said PLC controller 13 is connected through lead with drive mechanism elements.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, the utility model also comprises raceway 5 in constituting, and said raceway 5 is arranged in parallel with base rail 7, and end face is provided with the pallet 12 of place work piece 22 above that, and both hands start button 11 is arranged on the raceway upper surface.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the utility model also comprises safty shield 4 in constituting, and said safty shield 4 covers the activity space of switching mechanism 16 fully, has increased the security of this frock, and PLC controller 13 is installed on safty shield 4 outside correspondence positions.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, the operation principle and the course of work of the utility model are: lathe 19 is after to workpiece 22 completion of processing, and the lathe door is opened automatically; Lathe sends for this frock can the blanking signal, and PLC controller 13 sends instruction for servomotor 14, and servomotor 14 is just changeing and drives decelerator 15; Decelerator is given switching mechanism 16 with transmission of power, is implemented to lathe and gets the material action, and switching mechanism 16 is along movement locus 21 rotations; Sense switch signals to PLC controller 13, and PLC controller 13 control jaws clamp cylinder 17 telescopic arms and stretch out, and drive jaw 18 workpiece 22 is clamped; After treating that workpiece 22 clamps; Jaw clamps the sense switch that puts in place on the cylinder 17 and transmits signal to PLC controller 13, and 14 reverse rotations of PLC controller 13 control servomotors are taken out workpiece 22 thereby drive switching mechanism 16 from lathe 19; Be placed on the blanking support 9 that is in automatic material taking blowing position, realize automatically from lathe blanking function; At this moment; Material loading support 8 is in place next workpiece to be processed by manual work, press both hands start button 11 after, 3 actions of PLC controller 13 control workpiece translational motion cylinders; Drive is fixed on material loading support 8 and 9 translations of blanking support on the support holder 6; When material loading support 8 moved to automatic material taking blowing position, inductive switch 10 sent signal to PLC controller 13, and PLC controller 13 control switching mechanisms 16 are sent into workpiece 22 in the lathe 19; After workpiece 22 put in place, switching mechanism 16 dextrorotations went to the vertical direction holding fix.PLC controller 13 signals to lathe 19 at this moment, and lathe 19 begins processing; At this moment manual work is taken the workpiece of completion of processing away from blanking support 9; The inductive switch 10 at blanking backing positions place will not have workpiece signal and will send to PLC controller 13; The withdrawal of PLC controller 13 control workpiece translational motion cylinders 3 telescopic arms realizes that material loading support 8 is returned to artificial material loading position.After lathe 18 completion of processing, repeat above-mentioned circulation, realize the continuous running of lathe and this frock.
After the utility model breaks down, can this frock base 1 be pushed into the right side along guide rail direction 7, to keep in repair, can adopt the pattern of artificial upper and lower material this moment, can normally move thereby guarantee to produce.

Claims (5)

1. an engine crankshaft is processed the loading and unloading frock; It is characterized in that; It comprises executing agency, driving mechanism, controlling organization and base; Said executing agency is made up of slide unit (2), guide rail (7), material loading support (8), blanking support (9), support holder (6), switching mechanism (16), jaw (18) and switching mechanism bracing frame (20), and said slide unit (2) bottom is provided with the chute equipped with guide rail (7), and said guide rail (7) is fixedly mounted on the base (1); Said material loading support (8) is identical with blanking support (9) structure; Be installed on the support holder (6) along straight line, said support holder (6) is fixedly connected with the driving mechanism counter element, and said switching mechanism (16) one ends are provided with jaw (18); The other end flexibly connects through trip shaft and switching mechanism bracing frame (20), and said switching mechanism bracing frame (20) is fixed on the slide unit (2).
2. a kind of engine crankshaft processing loading and unloading frock according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Said driving mechanism comprises that workpiece overturning drive device, jaw clamp cylinder (17) and workpiece translational motion cylinder (3); Said workpiece overturning drive device is made up of servomotor (14) and decelerator (15); Said servomotor (14) and decelerator (15) axle is connected, and said decelerator (15) is connected with executing agency counter element axle, and each element of driving mechanism is installed on executing agency's correspondence position.
3. a kind of engine crankshaft processing loading and unloading frock according to claim 1 and 2; It is characterized in that; Said controlling organization comprises inductive switch (10), both hands start button (11) and PLC controller (13); Said inductive switch (10), both hands start button (11) all are connected through lead with PLC controller (13), and said PLC controller (13) is connected through lead with drive mechanism elements.
4. a kind of engine crankshaft processing loading and unloading frock according to claim 3; It is characterized in that; Also comprise raceway (5) in the formation, said raceway (5) is arranged in parallel with base rail (7), and end face is provided with the pallet (12) of place work piece (22) above that.
5. a kind of engine crankshaft processing loading and unloading frock according to claim 4 is characterized in that also comprise safty shield (4) in the formation, said safty shield (4) is installed in the neighboring area of executing agency's counter element.
CN2011204196357U 2011-10-29 2011-10-29 Feeding and discharging tooling for machining engine crankshaft Expired - Fee Related CN202344327U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204196357U CN202344327U (en) 2011-10-29 2011-10-29 Feeding and discharging tooling for machining engine crankshaft

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204196357U CN202344327U (en) 2011-10-29 2011-10-29 Feeding and discharging tooling for machining engine crankshaft

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202344327U true CN202344327U (en) 2012-07-25

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ID=46533357

Family Applications (1)

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CN2011204196357U Expired - Fee Related CN202344327U (en) 2011-10-29 2011-10-29 Feeding and discharging tooling for machining engine crankshaft

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103395063A (en) * 2013-08-07 2013-11-20 湖州和晟玻璃机械有限公司 Overturning full-automation mechanical arm suitable for glassware pressing production line
CN105173578A (en) * 2015-09-10 2015-12-23 华中科技大学 Crankshaft feeding frame
CN105364650A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-03-02 中国汽车工业工程有限公司 Automatic crank shaft grinding and cleaning machine
CN111843920A (en) * 2020-07-15 2020-10-30 山东中烟工业有限责任公司 Disassembling tool for label paper conveying roller of tobacco packaging machine and using method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103395063A (en) * 2013-08-07 2013-11-20 湖州和晟玻璃机械有限公司 Overturning full-automation mechanical arm suitable for glassware pressing production line
CN103395063B (en) * 2013-08-07 2016-01-13 湖州和晟玻璃机械有限公司 A kind of convertible full-automatic mechanical hand being applicable to Production Line for Making Pressed Glassware
CN105173578A (en) * 2015-09-10 2015-12-23 华中科技大学 Crankshaft feeding frame
CN105364650A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-03-02 中国汽车工业工程有限公司 Automatic crank shaft grinding and cleaning machine
CN105364650B (en) * 2015-12-10 2017-07-21 中国汽车工业工程有限公司 Bent axle automatically grinding descaling machine
CN111843920A (en) * 2020-07-15 2020-10-30 山东中烟工业有限责任公司 Disassembling tool for label paper conveying roller of tobacco packaging machine and using method

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120725

Termination date: 20191029

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee