The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is, overcomes the above-mentioned deficiency of prior art, provide a kind of can self calibration, floor space is little, the automatic woodworking machinery platform that can be applicable to the processing of lumps of wood material.For this reason, the utility model adopts following technical scheme.
A kind of woodworking machinery processing platform; Comprise bracing frame 8 and feed zone, discharge zone above that is set and is positioned at three parts in processing district between the two; It is characterized in that; Feed zone comprises 90 ° of V-arrangement charging slideways 21 that are fixed on the bracing frame 8, is provided with material loading conveyer belt 9 in a side of slideway 21; Discharge zone comprises 90 ° of V-arrangement discharging slideways 22 that are fixed on the bracing frame 8, and the charging slideway includes mutual angle with the discharging slideway and becomes 90 ° base plate 25 to lay respectively on same with 26, two base plates of side plate and side plate.
As preferred implementation, described processing district comprises processing framework 5, upper rail 6 and lower guideway 7 fixed thereon, and upper rail 6 is used to install process arm, and lower guideway 7 is used to install down process arm, and upper rail 6 and lower guideway 7 all are parallel to each other with two base plates; Be fixed with the coding device that is used for the flitch material coding after the processing on the slideway 22 of discharge zone.
The utility model adopts the V-arrangement slideway, has utilized gravity cleverly, makes the charging of flitch material and discharging press close to slideway automatically, realizes self-calibration function.In order to cooperate this kind processing slideway; The running orbit of each processing component such as process arm also is designed to be parallel to slideway or perpendicular to the mode of slideway; Like this, can utilize existing drill bit, saw blade etc. can realize comprehensive processing of flitch material, and have the little advantage of floor space.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, the utility model is elaborated.
The woodworking machinery of the utility model; Be applicable to the used prefabricated flitch material of processing building log cabin,, the flitch material carried out the length cutting according to the requirement that software design log cabin calculates to the flitch material; Grooving and boring; And every flitch material carried out coding, the workman bores a hole the flitch material of processing and access slot according to coding and drawing, is assembled into log cabin.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the timber processing equipment of the utility model can be accomplished through multiple processing such as boring, fluting, cutting, codings.Whole machinery supports with an integrated support frame 8, comprises three parts, feed zone, processing district and discharge zones.Feed zone is owing to need hold whole flitch material; That designs is longer; Probably have about 8 meters, mainly comprise 90 ° of V-arrangement charging slideways 21 that are fixed on the bracing frame 8, material loading conveyer belt 9 is installed in a side of slideway 21; Flitch material 1 is sent into flitch material 1 in the slideway 21 by conveyer belt 9 after being served conveyer belt 9 by fork truck.Discharge zone is shorter; Reason is to continue next process distribution on the processing equipment and put can sending into after the processing down one by one through the flitch material of this machining; Need not place whole flitch material; Connect or with getting into the sort pass band, discharge zone comprises that mainly is fixed on 90 ° of V-arrangement discharging slideways 22 on the bracing frame 8 with fork truck, the charging slideway is identical with the structure of discharging slideway; Become 90 ° base plate 25 to constitute with side plate 26 by mutual angle, two base plates 25 and two side plates 26 lay respectively on same.Pony roll 27 that can roll all is installed, to reduce the resistance that flitch material 1 advances or retreats on two slideways on base plate 25 and side plate 26.When V-arrangement charging and the discharging slideway of the utility model through 90 ° makes that the flitch material slides in slideway; Because the effect of gravity remains two faces and is in contact with one another with the base plate 25 of two slideways and the upper surface of side plate 26 respectively, has guaranteed the tangential precision of processing.
The processing district mainly comprises processing framework 5, be fixed on processing upper rail 6 and 7, two process arm of lower guideway on the framework 5 one group of processing head respectively is set.Promptly the end of 90 ° of V-arrangement charging slideways 21 and 90 ° of V-arrangement discharging slideways 22 respectively is provided with hydraulic stop pincers 41,42 on the both sides of processing district, is used for the spacing clamping of flitch material part to the processing district, so that process.Hydraulic pressure slideway pincers 31,32 respectively are set on the slideway that feed zone and discharging are got.The hydraulic pressure slideway pincers 31 of feed zone, behind flitch material 1 material loading, the tail end of clamping flitch material 1; Simultaneously, hydraulic pressure slideway pincers 31 promote timber and on slideway, move to the processing district, when the position to be processed of flitch material advances to the processing district; Carry out spacing clamping by two spacing pincers 41,42.The processing district processes the flitch material according to drawing information automatically, up to machining.Hydraulic pressure slideway clamp by being arranged on the discharge zone slideway goes out.Two hydraulic pressure slideway pincers, one pushes away, and one is drawn, for flitch material advancing on slideway provides power.Referring to Fig. 2; Lower surface at the side plate of 90 ° of V-arrangement chargings and discharging slideway offers chute 23; The fixed edge 24 of two hydraulic pressure slideway pincers is provided with the seamed edge that cooperatively interacts with chute, and the fixed edge of two hydraulic pressure slideway pincers can move along side plate 26 under the driving of motor.
Referring to Fig. 3 Fig. 5, on the processing framework 5 of processing district, be fixed with the upper rail 6 and lower guideway 7 that are parallel to two slideway base plates 25.On upper rail 6, install process arm 61, last process arm 61 mainly moves horizontally axle 11, the last vertical shifting axle 12 of process arm and the rotatable processing head 13 of going up by last process arm and forms.Last process arm moves horizontally axle and has the chute 62 that matches with guide rail on 11, will go up on the guide rail that processing head 61 is installed in process arm through chute 62, and it can be moved at the driving lower edge of motor upper rail.Last process arm move horizontally axle be equipped with on 11 move along direction under can driving perpendicular to base plate at motor on the vertical shifting axle 12 of process arm; Installed on the vertical shifting axle 12 of last process arm one rotatable on processing head 13; A rotatable end of going up processing head 13 is provided with drill bit 14, and the other end is provided with the processing saw blade 15 that can be used for slotting.Drill bit can carry out 180 degree borings to timber, and can add milling cutter and mill type.Process arm 71 down is installed on lower guideway 7, on the process arm the following process arm drill bit 18 and following process arm saw blade 19 that can hole and cut from the lower end of flitch material is being installed down.
The slideway base plate 25 of discharge zone has pony roll 27 to be removed, and below base plate 25, is fixed with coding device (not drawing in the accompanying drawing), by the coding device one section flitch material having accomplished processing is sprayed coding.
The type of drive of the utility model is following: through the leading screw on the controller control driven by servomotor upper rail 6, process arm 61 moves horizontally promotions in, and last process arm 61 vertically mobile also is that the mode through the driven by servomotor leading screw realizes.The rotation of the rotatable processing head of last process arm 61 is through the driven by servomotor worm screw, the in-line gears interlock of worm screw and processing head, and the rotation driven gear rotation of worm screw realizes; Leading screw on the controller control driven by servomotor lower guideway 7 promotes down that process arm 71 moves horizontally, and it also is that mode through the driven by servomotor leading screw realizes that following process arm vertical moves; Charging slideway 21 and discharging slideway 22 be respectively by the coaxial leading screw of driven by servomotor and feeding direction, and this leading screw links with the hydraulic pressure sliding clamp of feed and discharging respectively, and driving hydraulic pressure sliding clamp moves along flitch material direction.In the accompanying drawing of the utility model, each leading screw, motor and controller do not draw.
Can in factory, utilize the woodworking machinery of the utility model according to the employed flitch material of the log cabin that has designed data, to each timber punching and fluting, and cutting length, last coding.After the timber that processes is transported to the scene, according to coding and drawing, string together the corresponding aperture of the interconnective timber of needs with iron nail and can build log cabin rapidly by the builder.