CN202299092U - Self-heat-insulating brick - Google Patents

Self-heat-insulating brick Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202299092U
CN202299092U CN2011203394844U CN201120339484U CN202299092U CN 202299092 U CN202299092 U CN 202299092U CN 2011203394844 U CN2011203394844 U CN 2011203394844U CN 201120339484 U CN201120339484 U CN 201120339484U CN 202299092 U CN202299092 U CN 202299092U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
insulating
brick
insulation
self
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN2011203394844U
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Chinese (zh)
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樊杰俊
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樊杰俊
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Priority to CN2011203394844U priority Critical patent/CN202299092U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/244Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation using natural or recycled building materials, e.g. straw, wool, clay or used tires

Abstract

The utility model discloses a self-heat-insulating brick which comprises a brick body. The self-heat-insulating brick is characterized in that heat-insulating holes are formed in the brick body along the height direction; heat-insulating layers are arranged in the heat-insulating holes; the heat-insulating holes are utilized to divide a wall into an inner layer, a middle layer and an outer layer; and the heat-insulating layers are arranged between the inner layer and the middle layer as well as between the middle layer and the outer layer. Compared with the prior art, the self-heat-insulating brick has the advantages of energy-saving heat-insulating property, heat insulation, sound insulation, light volume weight, waterproof property, fireproof property, simple technology, convenience in production, environmental protection, convenience in taking raw materials, soil-saving and low-carbon property, excellent material-attaching property, lower dry shrinkage value, excellent durability of products and capability of reducing construction cost.

Description

Self-insulating brick
Technical field
The utility model relates to the self-insulating brick of a kind of energy-conservation, insulation, fire prevention, waterproof.
Background technology
At present, the enforcement of, fire code energy-conservation along with country, all there is requirement in builing industry to technical indicators such as the energy-saving heat preserving of brick, fire prevention, waterproof, walling unit weight, drying shrinkage values; The different brick of many forms appears thereupon; Requirements such as that but existing these bricks all fail to satisfy simultaneously is energy-conservation, insulation, fire prevention, waterproof, walling unit weight, drying shrinkage value exist product processes complicated, and product cost is high; Yield poorly; Speed of application slow with the big defective of difficulty, and owing to heat insulating material adopts the chemical materials manufacturing more, along with the growth heat-insulating property of service time will reduce; The durability variation; Heat insulating material and brick, construction material are poor, thereby maybe need adopt the variety of problems such as construction cost of intermediate materials and the brick of higher price to cause unit in charge of construction's direct economic loss and construction period long, fail to satisfy the requirement of existing building industry.
The utility model content
In order to solve the above problems, the utility model provides a kind of in light weight, energy-conservation, fire prevention, waterproof self-insulating brick.Improve big, the shortcoming such as intensity low poor of big, waterproof thermal-insulated difference of cement brick weight and foam concrete brick drying shrinkage value fully with the close wood property of Masonry cement mortar; Improvement back the utility model reaches that unit weight is light, intensity is high, good self-heat conserving performance, sound insulation, waterproof, fire prevention,, wall construction low with the good easy construction of masonry mortar parent's wood property, drying shrinkage value need not special process and material, and body of wall is not easy characteristics such as cracking.
The purpose of the utility model is achieved in that
Self-insulating brick, it comprises the brick body, it is characterized in that the brick body is provided with the insulation hole along short transverse, insulation is provided with insulation layer in the hole.
Aforesaid self-insulating brick is characterized in that described insulation hole is divided into internal layer, intermediate layer and skin with wall, and insulation layer is arranged between internal layer and the intermediate layer and between intermediate layer and the skin.
Aforesaid self-insulating brick, the quantity that it is characterized in that said insulation hole is two, also is provided with vertical through holes between described two insulation holes, and the quantity of vertical through holes is 1-3, and a plurality of vertical through holes are horizontally arranged between two insulation holes.
Aforesaid self-insulating brick; It is characterized in that described vertical through holes is divided into internal layer, skin with the brick body; The insulation hole is divided into first internal layer and second internal layer with internal layer, and the insulation hole is divided into second outer and first skin with skin, and the insulation hole is arranged between second internal layer and second skin.
Aforesaid self-insulating brick is characterized in that the thickness of the thickness of described vertical through holes greater than the insulation hole.
The utility model compared with prior art has the following advantages:
(1) energy-saving heat preserving, heat insulation, sound insulation: change self-insulating brick into three rounds by former two rounds; Lean on brick outside two rows to make rectangular close bottom outlet; A middle row makes two holes of rectangle (see figure 3); Pour into the compound insulating material of foam concrete then in two platoon leader holes, brick outside at present, foamed concrete thermal-insulating material and hollow concrete block are integrally formed, when external voice or heat pass to inside, must pass through metope in cement stone dust layer → foam concrete compound insulating material → cement stone dust layer → center air layer → cement stone dust layer → foam concrete compound insulating material → cement stone dust layer arrival; Because sound and heat energy are receiving weakening of multiple layers of different materials; Thereby change, the utility model conducts heat, heat conductivility, thereby increase thermal resistivity and heat transfer time reach energy-saving heat preserving, sound insulation, effect of heat insulation.
(2) unit weight is light: because the utility model is that to adopt hollow concrete block be base, in base substrate, pours into the light foam of unit weight at present and mix and doubt native compound insulating material, institute so that brick unit weight less than 1300Kg/M 3
(3) waterproof: the utility model is to adopt the cement brick base substrate to irritate the foam concrete composite material at present; Because base substrate is when irritating foam concrete at present; The foam concrete slurry that flows can fill up all holes of cement brick contact surface layer simultaneously; But make the hole of cement brick surface layer water mixing seep water, reach good waterproof effect thereby stop water to enter into brick body inside.
(4) fire prevention: well-known cement products is the fire proofing in the constructional materials, and what fill is foamed concrete thermal-insulating material and the utility model is inner, and foam concrete has excellent fireproof performance, so reach national existing fire code A grade standard.
(5) the technology simple production is convenient: the utility model is the product that a kind of cement brick and foam concrete are composited; This product is when producing hollow concrete block, to pour into the foam concrete compound insulating material to be made; Need not that secondary make to be filled and maintenance, only needing with cement brick the while maintenance to make can.
(6) environmental protection, the facility of drawing materials: the utility model main production raw material has stone flour, flyash, cement and cement give up slurry, deposed brick slag, rice husk, waste foam, waste gypsum etc., draws materials according to local conditions.
(7) joint soil, low-carbon (LC): product does not use clay, practices thrift the State owned land resource.The manufacturing process heating that need not to heat, overall process adopts natural curing.
(8) good close wood property and low drying shrinkage value: because the utility model is to adopt water
(9) durability of product: the utility model is composited with cement stone dust and foam concrete, and heat insulating material can not use thereby reach properties of product because of the aging of material reduces performance lastingly.
(10) reduce construction cost: the utility model is a kind of self-insulating brick; Under the prerequisite that satisfies national existing energy conservation criteria and local Compulsory Feature; Metope itself need not to use special thermal insulation mortar, waterproofing course and the special construction of handling; Practice thrift thermal insulation mortar and construction of waterproof layer material money and labour cost, reduce construction cost and accelerate speed of application.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the stereogram of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the another kind of structural representation of the utility model.
The specific embodiment
Self-insulating brick, it comprises brick body 1, and brick body 1 can be the same with the volume of existing brick body, is a rectangular shape, and brick body 1 is provided with insulation hole 3 along short transverse, and insulation is provided with insulation layer 4 in the hole 3.As shown in Figure 1, insulation hole 3 is divided into internal layer 100, intermediate layer 101 and outer 102 with wall, and insulation is provided with insulation layer 4 in the hole 3, insulation layer 4 be arranged between internal layer 100 and the intermediate layer 101 and intermediate layer 101 and outer 102 between.
Like Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, the quantity in insulation hole 3 can be two, also is provided with vertical through holes 2 between described two insulation holes 3, and the quantity of vertical through holes 2 is 1-3, and a plurality of vertical through holes are horizontally arranged between two insulation holes.That is to say that vertical through holes 2 is divided into internal layer 200A, outer 200B with brick body 1; Insulation hole 3 is divided into first internal layer 201 and second internal layer 202 with internal layer 200A; Insulation hole 3 is divided into second outer 203 and first skin 204 with outer 200B, and insulation hole 3 is arranged between second internal layer 202 and second outer 203.Insulation hole 3 preferably is arranged on the middle part of internal layer 200A and the middle part of outer 200B with insulation layer 4.
The thickness H1 of vertical through holes 2 is greater than the thickness H2 in insulation hole 3.
The component of brick body can be: the useless slurry of stone flour, flyash, cement or cement; Its component ratio is a stone flour: flyash: the useless slurry=1 of cement or cement: (0.15-0.25): (0.20-0.3).
The component of brick body can also be: the useless slurry of stone flour, deposed brick slag, flyash, cement or cement, its component ratio is a stone flour: deposed brick slag: flyash: the useless slurry=1 of cement or cement: (0.30-0.40): (0.15-0.25): (0.20-0.30).
The component of brick body can also be: the useless slurry of stone flour, flyash, cement or cement, rice husk; Its component ratio is: stone flour: flyash: the useless slurry of cement or cement: rice husk=1: (0.15-0.25): (0.20-0.3): (0.10-0.25).
The component of insulation layer can be: cement or cement give up slurry, waste foam, flyash, blowing agent; Its deal ratio is the useless slurry of cement or cement: waste foam: flyash: blowing agent=1: (0.10-0.35): (0.15-0.35): (0.05-0.15).
The component of insulation layer can be: cement or cement give up slurry, waste foam, waste gypsum, flyash, blowing agent, its deal is than being cement or the useless slurry of cement: waste foam: waste gypsum: flyash: blowing agent=1: (0.10-0.35): (0.05-0.20): (0.15-0.35): (0.05-0.15).
The component of insulation layer can be: the useless slurry of cement or cement: rice husk, flyash, blowing agent, its deal is than being cement or the useless slurry of cement: rice husk: flyash: blowing agent=1: (0.10-0.35): (0.15-0.35): (0.05-0.15).
The component of insulation layer can be: the useless slurry of cement or cement: perlite: flyash: blowing agent, its deal is than being cement or the useless slurry of cement: perlite: flyash: blowing agent=1: (0.10-0.40): (0.15-0.35): (0.05-0.15).
The utility model is to change hollow concrete block into three rounds by former two rounds; Lean on brick outside two rows to make rectangular close bottom outlet; A middle row makes two holes of rectangle (seeing accompanying drawing for details), pours into the compound insulating material of foam concrete then in two platoon leader holes, brick outside at present, and the compound insulating material additional proportion can be according to the each place to energy-saving heat preserving rank and the requirement of walling unit weight; The heat insulating material that in foam concrete, adds corresponding proportion respectively; The utility model conducts heat, heat conductivility thereby change, and increases the unit weight of the utility model thermal resistivity and heat transfer time, walling, thereby reaches national existing energy conservation criteria and satisfy the each place to new walling reform requirement.

Claims (5)

1. self-insulating brick, the brick body (1) that it comprises cuboid is characterized in that being provided with insulation hole (3) along short transverse in the brick body (1), is provided with insulation layer (4) in the insulation hole (3).
2. self-insulating brick according to claim 1; It is characterized in that described insulation hole (3) is divided into internal layer (100), intermediate layer (101) and outer (102) with wall, insulation layer (4) be arranged between internal layer (100) and intermediate layer (101) and intermediate layer (101) and skin (102) between.
3. self-insulating brick according to claim 1; The quantity that it is characterized in that said insulation hole (3) is two; Also be provided with vertical through holes (2) between described two insulation holes (3), the quantity of vertical through holes (2) is 1-3, and a plurality of vertical through holes (2) are horizontally arranged between two insulation holes (3).
4. self-insulating brick according to claim 3; It is characterized in that described vertical through holes (2) is divided into internal layer (200A), outer (200B) with brick body (1); Insulation hole (3) is divided into first internal layer (201) and second internal layer (202) with internal layer (200A); Insulation hole (3) is divided into second skin (203) and first skin (204) with skin (200B), and insulation hole (3) is arranged between second internal layer (202) and second skin (203).
5. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 described self-insulating bricks, it is characterized in that the thickness (H2) of the thickness (H1) of described vertical through holes (2) greater than insulation hole (3).
CN2011203394844U 2011-09-09 2011-09-09 Self-heat-insulating brick Expired - Lifetime CN202299092U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203394844U CN202299092U (en) 2011-09-09 2011-09-09 Self-heat-insulating brick

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203394844U CN202299092U (en) 2011-09-09 2011-09-09 Self-heat-insulating brick

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202299092U true CN202299092U (en) 2012-07-04

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102409798A (en) * 2011-09-09 2012-04-11 樊杰俊 Self-insulating brick
CN103696526A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-04-02 芜湖欣荣管业科技有限公司 Coal gangue insulating brick

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102409798A (en) * 2011-09-09 2012-04-11 樊杰俊 Self-insulating brick
CN103696526A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-04-02 芜湖欣荣管业科技有限公司 Coal gangue insulating brick

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Granted publication date: 20120704