CN202264067U - Production device for connecting rod - Google Patents

Production device for connecting rod Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202264067U
CN202264067U CN201120188147XU CN201120188147U CN202264067U CN 202264067 U CN202264067 U CN 202264067U CN 201120188147X U CN201120188147X U CN 201120188147XU CN 201120188147 U CN201120188147 U CN 201120188147U CN 202264067 U CN202264067 U CN 202264067U
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China
Prior art keywords
connecting rod
forging
forging press
mould
machine base
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201120188147XU
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Chinese (zh)
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杜广智
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

A production device for a connecting rod comprises the following components: a heating furnace (1), a forging and pressing device I (2), an air hammer (3), a forging and pressing device II (4), a stamping device (5) and a turnover device. The forging and pressing device I (2) is equipped for forming blanks of connecting rods, namely two sides surfaces of ends, and top ends of the ends. The air hammer (3) is equipped for forging the ends of the blank of the connecting rod for satisfying requirement for thickness between two side surfaces of the connecting rod and dimension of top end face. The forging and pressing device II (4) is equipped for performing forging and pressing forming on a hole at one end of the blank of each connecting rod for satisfying hole aperture requirement of the connecting rod. The stamping device (5) is equipped for performing shaping on an outer contour of each connecting rod. The heating furnace (1), the forging and pressing device I (2), the air hammer (3), the forging and pressing device II (4) and the stamping device (5) are successively equipped together. The turnover device is equipped among the heating furnace (1), the forging and pressing device I (2), the air hammer (3), the forging and pressing device II (4) and the stamping device (5). Therefore continuous production of the connecting rod is realized and the production efficiency is improved.

Description

The process units that is used for connecting rod
One, technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of process units that is used for connecting rod, and especially a kind of adaptation is used for the process units of the connecting rod of heavy caliber and length.
Two, background technology
In multinomial fields such as engineering machinery, hydraulic prop, connecting rod connection, use connecting rod widely, in mechanical field; Being in great demand of connecting rod; Therefore the process units that is used for connecting rod is an important link of field of machining, at the existing process units that is used for connecting rod, to the mode of production of small-bore connecting rod; The vertical board drop hammers that adopt forge technology more; Promptly vertically be positioned over the workpiece after the local heat in the shaping dies, use the board drop hammer formed by forging, Workpiece length is limited, the workpiece bore is limited; To the heavy caliber connecting rod; Then adopt model forging and pressing mode to forge out the connecting rod top, and then be connected as a single entity with the gonnecting rod body weldering, the coaxial accuracy of top, welding back, the body of rod is not high; The intensity of monolithic linkage also is affected; No matter to small-bore and bigbore connecting rod, still substep, processing in batch at present, realization is not produced continuously and is shaped.
Three, summary of the invention
In order to overcome above-mentioned technical disadvantages, the purpose of the utility model provides a kind of process units that is used for connecting rod, has therefore realized the successional production of connecting rod, has improved production efficiency.
For achieving the above object; The technical scheme that the utility model is taked is: include heating furnace, forging press I, pneumatic hammer, forging press II, decompressor and turnover device; Forging press I is set to the connecting rod blank spare device that the two sides be the end are shaped, the top of end is shaped that is shaped; Pneumatic hammer is set to the device to the dimensional requirement of thickness between the two sides that forge, reach connecting rod of the end of connecting rod blank spare and top end; Forging press II be set to the end of connecting rod blank spare the hole excellent suitability for press forming, arrive the device that the aperture of connecting rod requires; Decompressor is set to the outline of connecting rod is carried out the device of shaping; Set gradually according to the order of heating furnace, forging press I, pneumatic hammer, forging press II and decompressor and to be in the same place, the turnover device is arranged between heating furnace, forging press I, pneumatic hammer, forging press II and the decompressor.
In operation I, the end of connecting rod blank spare is heated, reach the temperature requirement of forging and pressing, arrive operation II; In operation II, use the method for forging and pressing, connecting rod blank spare is configured as: the two sides of end are shaped, the top of end is shaped, and arrive operation III; In operation III, use the method for forging and pressing, to forging of the end of connecting rod blank spare, reach thickness and the dimensional requirement of top end between the two sides of connecting rod; Arrive operation IV, in operation IV, use the method for forging and pressing, to the hole excellent suitability for press forming of the end of connecting rod blank spare; Arrive the aperture requirement of connecting rod, arrive operation V, in operation V, use the method for punching press; Outline to connecting rod carries out shaping, and connecting rod blank spare has enough to meet the need between each operation in the turnover device, successively arrives each operation; Carry out connecting rod and be shaped,, directly use mould that connecting rod is shaped, do not re-use welding method owing to designed the method for forging and pressing and the method for punching press; Make connecting rod blank spare can carry out continuous turnover, therefore realized the successional production of connecting rod, improved production efficiency.
The utility model has designed; The turnover device is set to have enough to meet the need support; Front end at the turnover support is provided with heating furnace, and forging press I, pneumatic hammer, forging press II and decompressor are separately positioned on the side of turnover support successively, and the turnover support is provided with rolling roller.
The utility model has designed; Forging press I includes machine base, vertical push action cylinder, mould I, lateral thrust oil cylinder and mould II; End in machine base is provided with vertical push action cylinder, and vertical push action cylinder is set to be fixedly connected with machine base, is provided with the mould I that is fixedly connected with it at the flexible end of vertical push action cylinder; Side at vertical push action cylinder is provided with the lateral thrust oil cylinder; Flexible end at the lateral thrust oil cylinder is provided with the mould II that is fixedly connected with it, and the lateral thrust oil cylinder is set to two and be separately positioned on the both sides of the center line of machine base, and the center line of mould I and mould II is set to coincide with the horizontal center line of machine base.
Component shaping end heating burn red after, be put among the mould II, the afterbody of workpiece is connected, startup lateral thrust oil cylinder with tailstock; Mould II is shaped the longitudinal surface of workpiece is the plane, restart vertical push action cylinder, drive mould I; The athwartship plane of the front end of workpiece is shaped promptly forges into circular arc, behind Workpiece shaping, starts the lateral thrust oil cylinder; Mould II is unclamped, take out workpiece, be set to coincide with the horizontal center line of machine base owing to designed the center line of vertical push action cylinder and mould II; The weight of mould I is no longer acted on the workpiece, and the thrust that is vertical push action cylinder is on workpiece, so the component shaping quality is good.
The utility model has designed, and mould II is set to symmetrical two parts, and wherein left part is set to connect with the lateral thrust oil cylinder in left side, right portions is set to connects with the lateral thrust oil cylinder on right side.
The utility model has designed, and also includes tailstock, is provided with tailstock at the other end with the corresponding machine base of vertical push action cylinder, and tailstock is set to connect with the machine base slidingtype.To prevent vertical push action cylinder to promote mould I connecting rod is pushed when initial, the longitudinal leap of connecting rod, the tailstock machine base is provided with diverse location, is suitable for the Machining of Connecting Rod of different length.
The utility model has designed, and also includes the location diagonal brace, and the location diagonal brace is set to connect with mould II contact, is provided with the location diagonal brace in the side of mould II, and the location diagonal brace is set to connect with machine base through screw thread.Mainly be to prevent or resist cross shear and the unnecessary horizontal looseness that vertical push action cylinder promotes to give when mould I pushes connecting rod lateral thrust oil cylinder, mould II generation.
Four, description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the sketch map of the utility model:
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of forging press I.
Five, the specific embodiment
Accompanying drawing is an embodiment of the utility model; Specify present embodiment in conjunction with accompanying drawing; Include heating furnace 1, forging press I2, pneumatic hammer 3, forging press II4, decompressor 5 and turnover support 6; Front end at turnover support 6 is provided with heating furnace 1; Forging press I2, pneumatic hammer 3, forging press II4 and decompressor 5 are separately positioned on the side of turnover support 6 successively; Turnover support 6 is provided with rolling roller 61, and forging press I2 is set to the connecting rod blank spare device that the two sides be the end are shaped, the top of end is shaped that is shaped, and pneumatic hammer 3 is set to the device to the dimensional requirement of thickness between the two sides that forge, reach connecting rod of the end of connecting rod blank spare and top end; Forging press II4 be set to the end of connecting rod blank spare the hole excellent suitability for press forming, arrive the device that the aperture of connecting rod requires, decompressor 5 is set to the outline of connecting rod is carried out the device of shaping.
In operation I, use heating furnace that the end of connecting rod blank spare is heated, reach the temperature requirement of forging and pressing, arrive operation II; In operation II, use forging press I the top shaping arc surface of the shaping plane, two sides of the end of blank, end, arrive operation III, in operation III; Use pneumatic hammer that the plane of the end of blank is forged, reach thickness and arc surface dimensional requirement between the plane of connecting rod, arrival operation IV is in operation IV; Use forging press II the hole excellent suitability for press forming on the connecting rod, arrive the aperture requirement of connecting rod, arrive operation V; In operation V, use decompressor, the outline of connecting rod is carried out shaping; During transhipment between operation, connecting rod blank spare is arranged on the turnover support, and the turnover support is provided with rolling roller; The turnover support is arranged between heating furnace, forging press I, pneumatic hammer, forging press II and the decompressor, and connecting rod blank spare is on turnover support 6, through rolling roller 61; Between each operation, have enough to meet the need, successively arrive each operation, carry out connecting rod and be shaped.
The heating in medium frequency furnaceman that is provided with of the utility model plants.Its objective is that the porous heating furnace of taking go-no-go carries out local heat to the connecting rod bar, firing rate is fast, the saving energy.The utility model be provided with horizontal digital-control horizontal forging and upsetting machine bed process.Its objective is and make that the heating connecting rod is realized being fixedly clamped, the mold pressing extrusion molding.The utility model be provided with the pneumatic hammer operation.Its objective is the connecting rod blank of extrusion modling is punched, be convenient to the location and the reaming of operation subsequently.The utility model be provided with forging equipment.Its objective is at the pier of forging equipment and depress that connecting rod is through pressing hole, mold pressing setting, make the aperture be extended to press machine punching bore, the mold pressing appearance profile meets connecting rod appearance and size.The technology of the utility model is provided with the press machine operation at last.Its objective is die formed parts is carried out the punching cycle one time, accomplish final punching and cut overlap.
In the present embodiment; Forging press I2 is set to include machine base 11, vertical push action cylinder 12, mould I13, lateral thrust oil cylinder 14, mould II15, tailstock 16 and location diagonal brace 17; End in machine base 11 is provided with vertical push action cylinder 12; The other end in machine base 11 is provided with tailstock 16, and vertical push action cylinder 12 is set to be fixedly connected with machine base 11, and tailstock 16 is set to connect with machine base 11 slidingtypes; Flexible end at vertical push action cylinder 12 is provided with the mould I13 that is fixedly connected with it; Between vertical push action cylinder 12 and tailstock 16, be provided with lateral thrust oil cylinder 14, be provided with the mould II15 that is fixedly connected with it, be provided with in the side of mould II15 and locate diagonal brace 17 at the flexible end of lateral thrust oil cylinder 14; Location diagonal brace 17 is set to connect with mould II15 contact; Location diagonal brace 17 is set to connect with machine base 11 through screw thread, and lateral thrust oil cylinder 14 is set to two and be separately positioned on the both sides of the center line of machine base 11, and the center line of mould I13 and mould II15 is set to coincide with the horizontal center line of machine base 11.
In the present embodiment, mould II15 is set to symmetrical two parts, and wherein left part is set to connect with the lateral thrust oil cylinder 14 in left side, right portions is set to connects with the lateral thrust oil cylinder 14 on right side.
Component shaping end heating burn red after, be put among the mould II15, the afterbody of workpiece is connected with tailstock 16; Start lateral thrust oil cylinder 14, mould II15 is shaped the longitudinal surface of workpiece is the plane, restart vertical push action cylinder 12; Drive mould I13, the athwartship plane of the front end of workpiece is shaped promptly forges into circular arc, behind Workpiece shaping; Start lateral thrust oil cylinder 14, mould II15 is unclamped, take out workpiece.
The connecting rod that the heating in medium frequency stove is set mainly is go-no-go carries out local heat; It mainly is that connecting rod carries out horizontal local mold pressing clamping, pier forges the connecting rod blank, can solve the difficult problem that general production process connecting rod bore is limited, length of connecting rod is limited fully to heating that horizontal digital-control horizontal forging and upsetting machine bed is set; It mainly is that connecting rod blank part is carried out the flat punching of pier that pneumatic hammer is set, for subsequently manufacturing procedure forges datum mark and plays the purpose that makes things convenient for reaming; It mainly is that the Machining of Connecting Rod end is implemented reaming and die forming that the forging equipment operation is set; In that press machine is set on the final operation mainly is to carry out shaping punching press, punching overlap on to the connecting rod manufacturing terminal that has been shaped and towards through hole; With the connecting rod of this explained hereafter, forming quality is good, shape is unified, standard, has solved the general difficult problem that Machining of Connecting Rod shaping difficulty is big, bore is limited, the handle pole length is limited.
The characteristics of the utlity model has down:
1, owing to designed the method for forging and pressing and the method for punching press, directly uses mould that connecting rod is shaped, do not re-use welding method, make connecting rod blank spare can carry out continuous turnover, therefore realized the successional production of connecting rod, improved production efficiency.
2, be provided with the heating in medium frequency eaf process in this patent, can select the porous heating furnace of certain heating gate that the connecting rod bar is carried out local heat according to the connecting rod bore, but make connecting rod bar temperature reach predefined die forging temperature.
3, be provided with horizontal digital-control horizontal forging and upsetting machine bed process in this patent.Horizontal digital-control horizontal forging and upsetting machine bed includes machine base, forging and pressing horizontal sliding system, shaping dies, clamping cylinder and clamping mold; End in machine base is provided with forging and pressing horizontal sliding system; Forging and pressing horizontal sliding system is set to be fixedly connected with machine base; Flexible end in forging and pressing horizontal sliding system is provided with the shaping dies that is fixedly connected with it, is provided with clamping cylinder in the side of forging and pressing horizontal sliding system, is provided with the clamping mold that is fixedly connected with it at the flexible end of clamping cylinder; Clamping cylinder is set to two and be separately positioned on the both sides of the center line of machine base, and the center line of forging and pressing horizontal sliding system and clamping mold is set to coincide with the horizontal center line of machine base.
4, be provided with pneumatic hammer technology in this patent.Be the connecting rod blank of horizontal digital-control horizontal forging and upsetting machine bed extrusion molding to be carried out pier forge processing, for the reaming of next procedure provides location and reaming convenient.
5, be provided with forging equipment technology in this patent.Punching press reaming through forging equipment and die cavity pier are pressed, and make the connecting rod aperture be extended to the required bore of press machine punching, the mold pressing appearance profile meets connecting rod appearance and size.
6, the finishing operation in Machining of Connecting Rod is provided with press machine technology.Mainly be the punching cycle of on forging equipment, realizing connecting rod, accomplish the final punching of connecting rod and cut overlap.
In being used for the process units technical field of connecting rod; Every forging press I2 that includes is set to the connecting rod blank spare device that the two sides be the end are shaped, the top of end is shaped that is shaped; Pneumatic hammer 3 is set to the device to the dimensional requirement of thickness between the two sides that forge, reach connecting rod of the end of connecting rod blank spare and top end; Forging press II4 be set to the end of connecting rod blank spare the hole excellent suitability for press forming, arrive the device that the aperture of connecting rod requires; Decompressor 5 is set to the outline of connecting rod is carried out the device of shaping; Set gradually according to the order of heating furnace 1, forging press I2, pneumatic hammer 3, forging press II4 and decompressor 5 and to be in the same place, the turnover device is arranged on technology contents between heating furnace 1, forging press I2, pneumatic hammer 3, forging press II4 and the decompressor 5 all in the protection domain of the utility model.

Claims (5)

1. process units that is used for connecting rod; It is characterized in that: include heating furnace (1), forging press I (2), pneumatic hammer (3), forging press II (4), decompressor (5) and turnover device; Forging press I (2) is set to the connecting rod blank spare device that the two sides be the end are shaped, the top of end is shaped that is shaped; Pneumatic hammer (3) is set to the device to the dimensional requirement of thickness between the two sides that forge, reach connecting rod of the end of connecting rod blank spare and top end; Forging press II (4) is set to the device to the aperture requirement of the hole excellent suitability for press forming of the end of connecting rod blank spare, arrival connecting rod; Decompressor (5) is set to the outline of connecting rod is carried out the device of shaping; Order according to heating furnace, (1) forging press I (2), pneumatic hammer (3), forging press II (4) and decompressor (5) sets gradually together, and the turnover device is arranged between heating furnace (1), forging press I (2), pneumatic hammer (3), forging press II (4) and the decompressor (5).
2. the process units that is used for connecting rod according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the turnover device is set to have enough to meet the need support (6), is provided with heating furnace (1), forging press I at the front end that has enough to meet the need support (6)
(2), pneumatic hammer (3), forging press II (4) and decompressor (5) be separately positioned on the side of turnover support (6) successively, turnover support (6) is provided with rolling roller (61).
3. the process units that is used for connecting rod according to claim 1 and 2; It is characterized in that: forging press I (2) includes machine base (11), vertical push action cylinder (12), mould I (13), lateral thrust oil cylinder (14) and mould II (15); End in machine base (11) is provided with vertical push action cylinder (12); Vertical push action cylinder (12) is set to be fixedly connected with machine base (11); Flexible end at vertical push action cylinder (12) is provided with the mould I (13) that is fixedly connected with it; Side at vertical push action cylinder (12) is provided with lateral thrust oil cylinder (14); Flexible end at lateral thrust oil cylinder (14) is provided with the mould II (15) that is fixedly connected with it, and lateral thrust oil cylinder (14) is set to two and be separately positioned on the both sides of the center line of machine base (11), and the center line of mould I (13) and mould II (15) is set to coincide with the horizontal center line of machine base (11).
4. the process units that is used for connecting rod according to claim 3; It is characterized in that: mould II (15) is set to symmetrical two parts, and wherein left part is set to connect with the lateral thrust oil cylinder (14) in left side, right portions is set to connects with the lateral thrust oil cylinder on right side (14).
5. the process units that is used for connecting rod according to claim 3; It is characterized in that: also include tailstock (16), be provided with tailstock (16) at the other end with the corresponding machine base of vertical push action cylinder (12) (11), tailstock (16) is set to connect with machine base (11) slidingtype.
CN201120188147XU 2011-05-29 2011-05-29 Production device for connecting rod Expired - Fee Related CN202264067U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120188147XU CN202264067U (en) 2011-05-29 2011-05-29 Production device for connecting rod

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120188147XU CN202264067U (en) 2011-05-29 2011-05-29 Production device for connecting rod

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202264067U true CN202264067U (en) 2012-06-06

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201120188147XU Expired - Fee Related CN202264067U (en) 2011-05-29 2011-05-29 Production device for connecting rod

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN202264067U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102248367A (en) * 2011-05-29 2011-11-23 杜广智 Production method and production device for connecting rod
CN108907736A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-11-30 湖北三峡职业技术学院 Machining of Connecting Rod system
CN112207219A (en) * 2019-07-12 2021-01-12 余姚市佳福车业有限公司 Production and manufacturing method for hot forging inner hole of metal part

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102248367A (en) * 2011-05-29 2011-11-23 杜广智 Production method and production device for connecting rod
CN108907736A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-11-30 湖北三峡职业技术学院 Machining of Connecting Rod system
CN108907736B (en) * 2018-07-19 2023-12-05 湖北三峡职业技术学院 Connecting rod processing system
CN112207219A (en) * 2019-07-12 2021-01-12 余姚市佳福车业有限公司 Production and manufacturing method for hot forging inner hole of metal part
CN112207219B (en) * 2019-07-12 2023-09-22 余姚市佳福车业有限公司 Production and manufacturing method for hot forging inner hole of metal piece

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120606

Termination date: 20140529