CN202257285U - Two-dimensional automatic tracking device for solar cell module - Google Patents

Two-dimensional automatic tracking device for solar cell module Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202257285U
CN202257285U CN2011203575040U CN201120357504U CN202257285U CN 202257285 U CN202257285 U CN 202257285U CN 2011203575040 U CN2011203575040 U CN 2011203575040U CN 201120357504 U CN201120357504 U CN 201120357504U CN 202257285 U CN202257285 U CN 202257285U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
worm
worm gear
worm screw
autotracker
around
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011203575040U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王爱国
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Fan Jin New Energy Science & Technology Co Ltd
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Shanghai Fan Jin New Energy Science & Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai Fan Jin New Energy Science & Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shanghai Fan Jin New Energy Science & Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN2011203575040U priority Critical patent/CN202257285U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202257285U publication Critical patent/CN202257285U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a two-dimensional automatic tracking device for a solar cell module. The device comprises a bracket, a box body, a first worm and a first worm gear in matched connection with the first worm, and a second worm and a second worm gear in matched connection with the second worm, wherein a rotary shaft capable of rotating around a central axis of the rotary shaft is arranged in the box body; the rotary shaft protrudes out of the box body and is fixedly connected with the bracket; the rotary shaft is relatively fixedly inserted in a central hole of the first worm gear so as to rotate in a first direction and a second direction opposite to the first direction along with rotation of the first worm gear around the central axis; the second worm is connected with the box body; the second worm is arranged to rotate around a geometrical axis of the second worm and rotate in a third direction and a fourth direction opposite to the third direction around the second worm gear by taking an axis of the second worm gear as a rotary axis; and a central axis of the rotary shaft is vertical to the axis of the second worm gear.

Description

Two-dimensional solar energy battery component autotracker
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of gearing, relates in particular to a kind of solar module autotracker.
Background technology
Renewable Energy Development is one of the effective method the most that solves energy shortage, also can solve energy security and the reliable problem of supplying with simultaneously.Sun power is present the most popular a kind of regenerative resource.Solar electrical energy generation is directly to convert sun power into electric energy through solar cell.Characteristics such as that solar electrical energy generation has is pollution-free, low noise, long-life, working service are simple.But solar rays changes between 0~180 ° the east-west direction incident angle of solar panel in one day, also has certain angle in North and South direction within 1 year and changes.If there are certain angle in solar rays and solar panel, will cause a certain amount of cosine losses.Therefore, for fear of cosine losses, just must make solar panel can follow the sun and rotate that it is vertical each other that solar rays and solar panel are remained, thereby utilize solar electrical energy generation to greatest extent.
Publication number is CN101098111-A; Open day is on January 2nd, 2008; The Chinese patent document that name is called " photovoltaic generator bracket of two-dimensional sun-tracing " discloses a kind of photovoltaic generator bracket of two-dimensional sun-tracing; It is through surface level swinging mounting and vertical fixed shafts and support is shaken in the dip plane and transverse axis comes the angular setting on realization level respectively and the vertical direction, makes the normal of the photovoltaic cell module face of solar energy photovoltaic point to the sun all the time.
Publication number is CN1889352A; Open day is on January 3rd, 2009; The Chinese patent document that name is called " quasi-two dimensional tracking light focusing photovoltaic generator " discloses a kind of quasi-two dimensional tracking light focusing photovoltaic generator, and it realizes adjusting the angle of concentration solar cell assembly through being installed in concentration solar cell assembly array component and high and low support on the automatic sun tracking mechanism of one dimension.Wherein, the rotating shaft of the automatic sun tracking mechanism of one dimension can realize the angle control of concentration solar cell assembly east-west direction; At least one can carry out height and regulates in the high and low support, through regulating the difference in height of two supports, thereby the north and south angle that is set up in the concentration solar cell assembly on the two stands is regulated.
Publication number is CN101520242A; Open day is on September 2nd, 2009; The Chinese patent document that name is called " straight rack worm wheel driven planar solar autotracker device " disclose a kind of can be by motor-driven; Realize the spur rack worm-drive two-dimensional solar energy automatic tracing apparatus of solar light collection from motion tracking, it drives solar panel by two motors through the mechanical transmission mechanism of being made up of main shaft, worm gear, worm screw, support bar, spur rack etc. and accomplishes along the pursuit movement of level and vertical both direction.Wherein, the driven by motor main shaft is realized solar panel angular adjustment in the horizontal direction; The center of solar panel and support bar flexibly connect, and the lower end of solar panel is connected with spur rack, the motion of driven by motor spur rack, thereby the angular adjustment of realization solar panel in the vertical direction.
Publication number is CN101520243A; Open day is on September 2nd, 2009; The Chinese patent document that name is called " Worm wheel chain driven planar solar autotracker " disclose a kind of can be by motor-driven; Realize the worm gear chain drive two-dimensional solar energy automatic tracing apparatus of solar light collection from motion tracking, it drives solar panel by two motors through the mechanical transmission mechanism of being made up of main shaft, spur gear, chain, sprocket wheel, worm gear, worm screw, support bar etc. and accomplishes along the pursuit movement of level and vertical both direction.Wherein, the driven by motor main shaft is realized solar panel angular adjustment in the horizontal direction; The two ends of chain are connected with solar panel, and the chain middle part is mutually meshing with sprocket wheel, driven by motor sprocket wheel, thereby the angular adjustment of realization solar panel in the vertical direction.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model provides a kind of two-dimensional solar energy assembly autotracker; This two-dimensional solar energy assembly autotracker is realized the accurate tracking of solar module to the sun through two groups of worm and gear transmission components are set, thereby utilizes solar electrical energy generation to greatest extent.
According to the goal of the invention of above-mentioned utility model, the utility model provides a kind of two-dimensional solar energy battery component autotracker, it is connected with a solar module, and said two-dimensional solar energy battery component autotracker comprises:
One support, it is fixedly connected with said solar module, in order to support said solar module;
One casing is provided with the rotation axis that can rotate around the central shaft of himself in it, at least one end of said rotation axis stretches out in casing, is fixedly connected with said support;
First worm gear that one first worm screw and is connected with said first worm screw coupling, it all is located in the said casing; Said rotation axis be arranged in regularly in the center pit of said first worm gear so that rotation axis can along with the rotation of first worm gear around its central shaft a first direction and with a second direction opposite with first direction on rotate;
Second worm gear that one second worm screw and is connected with said second worm screw coupling; Said second worm screw is connected with casing, and it is center of rotation in a third direction and a four directions upwards rotation opposite with third direction around second worm gear with the axle center of second worm gear also when rotating around how much axle center of self that said second worm screw is set to it;
The central shaft of said rotation axis and the mutual vertical setting in the axle center of second worm gear.
The described two-dimensional solar energy assembly of the utility model autotracker is to drive solar module through two groups of worm and gears rotating on the North and South direction He on the east-west direction respectively.Wherein, First worm screw is rotated first worm gear that drives with its coupling and rotates; First worm gear drives rotation axis again and rotates around its how much axle center; Drive the support is fixedly connected with rotation axis further and perhaps rotate on the second direction first around the central shaft of rotation axis, thus the angular adjustment of realization solar module on a vertical plane; Second worm screw is also revolved round the sun around second worm gear in rotation; Because second worm screw is connected with casing; So the revolution of second worm screw is also rotated around the axle center of second worm gear with casing; And then drive relative fixed ground be arranged in the casing rotation axis around the axle center of second worm gear the 3rd or the four directions upwards rotate, thereby the angular adjustment of realization solar module on a surface level.
In above-mentioned two-dimensional solar energy battery component autotracker, said first worm screw is connected with one first drive motor, and this first drive motor rotates in order to drive first worm screw.
In above-mentioned two-dimensional solar energy battery component autotracker, said second worm screw is connected with one second drive motor, and this second drive motor rotates in order to drive second worm screw.
In above-mentioned two-dimensional solar energy battery component autotracker, also comprise a support bar, it is fixedly connected with said second worm gear, in order to supporting box.
The described two-dimensional solar energy assembly of the utility model autotracker than existing solar components autotracker, has the following advantages:
(1) the described two-dimensional solar energy assembly of the utility model autotracker has been owing to adopted two secondary worm and gears, so it is simple and compact for structure, and volume is little, makes not only low cost of manufacture of this two-dimensional solar energy assembly autotracker, and is easy to safeguard;
(2) transmission component of the described two-dimensional solar energy assembly of the utility model autotracker all is located in the casing, thereby makes that this two-dimensional solar energy assembly autotracker is sturdy and durable, and stability is high, long service life;
(2) the described two-dimensional solar energy assembly of the utility model autotracker transmission efficiency is high, and transmission is accurate, can the time to the accurate tracking of sunshine.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the described two-dimensional solar energy assembly of the utility model autotracker under a kind of embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the sectional view at A-A place among Fig. 1.
Embodiment
To combine Figure of description and concrete embodiment that the described two-dimensional solar energy assembly of the utility model autotracker is done further detailed description below.
Fig. 1 has shown the described two-dimensional solar energy assembly of the utility model autotracker structure in the present embodiment.Fig. 2 is the sectional view at A-A place among Fig. 1.Like Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, solar module 1 is that leg-of-mutton support 2 is fixedly connected with the cross section, and support 2 is fixedly connected with the two ends of the rotation axis 3 that stretches out from casing 5 two ends.First drive motor 4 is connected with first worm screw 8; Driving first worm screw 8 rotates; First worm screw 8 is mutually meshing with first worm gear 9 that is complementary with it; Rotate around its axle center thereby drive first worm gear 9, the center pit that is arranged in to rotation axis 3 relative fixed first worm gear 9 is interior so that rotation axis 3 can rotate (central shaft that is rotation axis 3 overlaps with the axle center of first worm gear 9) around its central shaft along with the rotation of first worm gear 9 on positive and negative direction.Second drive motor 6 is connected with second worm screw 10; Driving second worm screw 10 rotates around how much axle center of himself; Simultaneously the axle center with second worm gear 11 that is connected with its coupling is that center of rotation revolves round the sun around second worm gear 11; Because second worm screw 10 is connected with casing 5; Therefore the revolution of second worm screw 10 has just driven the rotation (center of rotation of casing 5 with the axle center of second worm gear 11 overlaps) of casing 5 around himself rotating shaft, again since rotation axis 3 relative fixed be arranged in the casing 5, so rotation axis 3 also along with rotation and the synchronous rotation of casing 5.The positive and negative in the horizontal direction rotation of rotation axis.The upper end of support bar 7 is fixedly connected with second worm gear 11, and the lower end of support bar 7 is supported on the ground.Can find out that from Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 the central shaft of rotation axis 3 is perpendicular to vertical plane, and the axle center of second worm gear 11 is perpendicular to surface level.
Please continue to consult Fig. 1, Fig. 2; Above-mentioned two-dimensional solar energy assembly autotracker is when work; First drive motor 4 drives first worm screw 8 and rotates; First worm screw 8 drives first worm gear 9 and rotates, and first worm gear 9 drives rotation axis 3 again and the support 2 that is fixedly connected with rotation axis 3 is done positive and negative rotation around the central shaft of rotation axis 3, thereby realizes the angular adjustment that solar module 1 makes progress in eastern, west; Second drive motor 6 drives second worm screw 10 and in rotation, revolves round the sun around second worm gear 11; Second worm screw 10 drives rotation axis 3 in casing 5 and the casing 5 again around the positive and negative rotation in the axle center of second worm gear 11; Thereby realization solar module 1 is realized the accurate tracking of 1 pair of sun of solar module thus in the angular adjustment that south, the north make progress.
It should be noted that the above specific embodiment of enumerating that is merely the utility model, obviously the utility model is not limited to above embodiment, and many similar variations are arranged thereupon.If those skilled in the art from all distortion that the disclosed content of the utility model directly derives or associates, all should belong to the protection domain of the utility model.

Claims (4)

1. two-dimensional solar energy battery component autotracker, it is connected with a solar module, it is characterized in that, and said two-dimensional solar energy battery component autotracker comprises:
One support, it is fixedly connected with said solar module;
One casing is provided with the rotation axis that can rotate around the central shaft of himself in it, at least one end of said rotation axis stretches out in casing, is fixedly connected with said support;
First worm gear that one first worm screw and is connected with said first worm screw coupling, it all is located in the said casing; Be arranged in to said rotation axis relative fixed in the center pit of said first worm gear so that rotation axis can along with the rotation of first worm gear around its central shaft a first direction and with a second direction opposite with first direction on rotate;
Second worm gear that one second worm screw and is connected with said second worm screw coupling; Said second worm screw is connected with casing, and it is center of rotation in a third direction and a four directions upwards rotation opposite with third direction around second worm gear with the axle center of second worm gear also when rotating around how much axle center of self that said second worm screw is set to it;
The central shaft of said rotation axis and the mutual vertical setting in the axle center of second worm gear.
2. two-dimensional solar energy battery component autotracker as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, said first worm screw is connected with one first drive motor.
3. two-dimensional solar energy battery component autotracker as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, said second worm screw is connected with one second drive motor.
4. two-dimensional solar energy battery component autotracker as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, also comprises a support bar, and it is fixedly connected with said second worm gear.
CN2011203575040U 2011-09-22 2011-09-22 Two-dimensional automatic tracking device for solar cell module Expired - Fee Related CN202257285U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203575040U CN202257285U (en) 2011-09-22 2011-09-22 Two-dimensional automatic tracking device for solar cell module

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203575040U CN202257285U (en) 2011-09-22 2011-09-22 Two-dimensional automatic tracking device for solar cell module

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202257285U true CN202257285U (en) 2012-05-30

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011203575040U Expired - Fee Related CN202257285U (en) 2011-09-22 2011-09-22 Two-dimensional automatic tracking device for solar cell module

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102355164A (en) * 2011-09-22 2012-02-15 上海繁锦新能源科技有限公司 Two-dimensional automatic tracking device for solar battery component

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102355164A (en) * 2011-09-22 2012-02-15 上海繁锦新能源科技有限公司 Two-dimensional automatic tracking device for solar battery component

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120530

Termination date: 20160922