CN202255556U - Hydrological telemetering terminal with low power consumption - Google Patents

Hydrological telemetering terminal with low power consumption Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202255556U
CN202255556U CN2011203925400U CN201120392540U CN202255556U CN 202255556 U CN202255556 U CN 202255556U CN 2011203925400 U CN2011203925400 U CN 2011203925400U CN 201120392540 U CN201120392540 U CN 201120392540U CN 202255556 U CN202255556 U CN 202255556U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power consumption
unit
hydrological telemetering
low power
hydrological
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011203925400U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周云明
范亚非
程勇
梁菊兰
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成都交大光芒科技股份有限公司
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Priority to CN2011203925400U priority Critical patent/CN202255556U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202255556U publication Critical patent/CN202255556U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a hydrological telemetering terminal with low power consumption. The hydrological telemetering terminal with low power consumption comprises a water-proof cabinet (1), a main engine (2), a solar panel (3) and a storage battery (11), wherein the main engine (2) comprises a CPU (central processing unit) core unit (6), and an acquisition control unit (7), a data communication unit (8), a recharging control unit (10), a power management unit (12) and a human-machine interface unit (13) which are connected with the CPU core unit (6); the data communication unit (8) is connected with a remote end monitoring center through a GPRS (general packet radio service) wireless data transmission unit (9); and the human-machine interface unit (13) comprises a display and a control keyboard. The hydrological telemetering terminal with low power consumption has the benefits that: the hydrological telemetering terminal with low power consumption can send acquired data to the monitoring center automatically and can execute a control command sent from the monitoring center; the hydrological telemetering terminal with low power consumption is provided with a power management module, so that the power consumption of the whole hydrological telemetering terminal with low power consumption can be effectively reduced, the working time of the hydrological telemetering terminal with low power consumption is ensured to be longer than 45 days under the condition that no sunlight exists, and requirements on monitoring of hydrological parameters are met.

Description

Low-power consumption hydrological telemetering terminating machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of low-power consumption hydrological telemetering terminating machine.
Background technology
In the information-based industry of water conservancy, the telemetry terminal system machine of gathering hydrologic parameter needs adopt solar powered because major part is worked in the open air at present.Collection transmission manner is automatically adopted in the part developed area that is captured in of hydrologic parameter, adopts the mode of field monitoring manual record in the part economically less developed region.Existing field monitoring manual record mode; The development of incompatibility water conservancy industry, the monitoring station expense height of building a station, inefficiency; Some parameter can not be accomplished real-time round-the-clock monitoring, uses more and more widely so gather the telemetry terminal system machine of conveying type use automatically.
There is following shortcoming in the telemetry terminal system machine that existing automatic collection transmission mode is used:
(1) have only self-reporting type's mode of operation, hydrologic parameter can not be accomplished real-time monitoring;
(2) because power consumption is too high, can not long time continuous working under rainy weather, reduced the reliability of equipment and system works, can not reach the purpose of effective monitoring hydrologic parameter.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model promptly is to overcome the deficiency of present technology; A kind of low-power consumption hydrological telemetering terminating machine is provided; Not only can send image data automatically to monitoring center; Can also carry out the control command of sending, add power management module, can effectively reduce the power consumption of complete machine from monitoring center.
The utility model is realized through following technical scheme: low-power consumption hydrological telemetering terminating machine; Comprise waterproof cabinet, main frame, solar panels and accumulator; Main frame and accumulator are arranged in the waterproof cabinet; Solar panels are arranged on outside the waterproof cabinet; Solar panels and accumulator are electrically connected with main frame, it is characterized in that: described main frame comprises core cpu unit and the acquisition controlling unit, data communication units, GPRS wireless data sending unit, charging control unit, PMU and the human and machine interface unit that are connected with the core cpu unit, and charging control unit connects solar panels and accumulator respectively; Data communication units is through the monitoring center of GPRS wireless data sending unit connection far-end, and described human and machine interface unit comprises a display and a supervisory keyboard.
Described acquisition controlling is connected with rain gage on the unit, and rain gage is arranged on outside the cabinet.
Described acquisition controlling is connected with water level gauge on the unit, and water level gauge is arranged on outside the cabinet.
Described rainfall is counted the tipping-bucket rain-gauge of single contact or double-contact.
Described water level is counted the float type level meter of 13 following Gray code outputs.
The position that is right against display on the described waterproof cabinet also is provided with view window, and the staff observes the data of current collection through view window.
Be connected with a storer on the described core cpu unit.
Described data communication units can also be connected to monitoring center through standby communication facility, and standby communication facility can be communication facilitiess such as satellite communication terminal.
The mode of operation of the utility model is divided into three kinds:
(1) reporting pattern certainly, is the hydrologic parameter that arrives to monitoring center's transmitting supervisory according to the time interval of setting, and when not having acquisition parameter and sending data, then is positioned at holding state;
(2) inquiry response pattern is in holding state at ordinary times, after accepting the querying command that monitoring center assigns, gathers and upload corresponding hydrologic parameter according to order;
(3) compatibility mode; Be to have concurrently from newspaper pattern and inquiry response pattern, the hydrologic parameter that promptly can arrive to monitoring center's transmitting supervisory in the time interval of setting is not when having acquisition parameter and sending data; Then be positioned at holding state, also can accept and reply the querying command that monitoring center assigns.
The beneficial effect of the utility model is:
(1) not only can send image data automatically, can also carry out the control command of sending from monitoring center to monitoring center;
(2) add power management module, can effectively reduce the power consumption of complete machine, assurance device all the time according to situation under working time greater than 45 days, satisfied the needs of hydrologic parameter monitoring.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is main frame internal circuit configuration figure;
Fig. 3 is the communication scheme of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the workflow diagram of the utility model when reporting pattern certainly;
Fig. 5 is the workflow diagram of the utility model when the inquiry response pattern;
Among the figure, 1-waterproof cabinet, 2-main frame, 3-solar panels; The 4-rain gage, 5-water level gauge, 6-CPU core cell, 7-acquisition controlling unit; The 8-data communication units, 9-GPRS wireless data sending unit, 10-charging control unit, 11-accumulator; The 12-PMU, 13-human and machine interface unit, 14-storer.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment the utility model is done further to specify, but the structure of the utility model is not limited only to following examples:
Like Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2; Low-power consumption hydrological telemetering terminating machine; Comprise waterproof cabinet 1, main frame 2, solar panels 3 and accumulator 11, main frame 2 is arranged in the waterproof cabinet 1 with accumulator 11, and solar panels 3 are arranged on outside the waterproof cabinet 1; Solar panels 3 are electrically connected with main frame 2 with accumulator 11; It is characterized in that: described main frame 2 comprises core cpu unit 6 and the acquisition controlling unit 7, data communication units 8, charging control unit 10, PMU 12 and the human and machine interface unit 13 that are connected with core cpu unit 6, and charging control unit 10 connects solar panels 3 and accumulator 11 respectively, and data communication units 8 can connect the monitoring center of far-end through GPRS wireless data sending unit 9; Can also be connected to monitoring center through standby communication facility, standby communication facility can be communication facilitiess such as satellite communication terminal.
Described human and machine interface unit 13 comprises a display and a supervisory keyboard.
Be connected with rain gage 4 and water level gauge 5 on the acquisition controlling unit 7 of the utility model, rain gage 4 is arranged on outside the cabinet 1 with water level gauge 5, and described rain gage 4 is the tipping-bucket rain-gauge of single contact or double-contact; Water level gauge 5 is the float type level meter of 13 Gray code outputs.
Rain gage 4 is to interrupt carrying out stored counts through tipping bucket signal triggering core cpu unit 6, and core cpu unit 6 passes through cumulative data calculating real-time rainfall amount, and sends data to storer 14 and display; Water level gauge 5 is controlled at interval at setting-up time by core cpu unit 6 and is gathered, and sends data to storer 14 and display.
Also be connected with a storer 14 on the described core cpu unit 6.
The position that is right against display on the described waterproof cabinet 1 also is provided with view window, and the staff observes the data of current collection through view window.
When there was sunshine the outside, the solar panels 3 of the utility model can be worked, and charged through 10 pairs of accumulators 11 of charging control unit, simultaneously this device were supplied power; The outside all the time according to the time, 3 of solar panels can not be worked, accumulator 11 is this device power supply.
The solar panels 3 of the utility model, rain gage 4 and water level gauge 5 all are connected on the main frame 2 through cable; When connecing into waterproof cabinet 1, adopts by the cable on solar panels 3, rain gage 4 and the water level gauge 5 cable waterproof head turnover line; Classification of waterproof reaches IP66, satisfies the needs of field work.
The PMU 12 of the utility model can carry out omnibearing power supply control to acquisition controlling unit 7, data communication units 8, GPRS wireless data sending unit 9, charging control unit 10 and human and machine interface unit 13; Power supply status during the utility model work is divided into state of activation and holding state; When image data and transceive data, be in state of activation, other situation then are positioned at holding state.
The working current of the GPRS wireless data sending unit 9 of the utility model is bigger, but current sinking is less than 4mA/12V when standby for it, and the electric current during transceive data is less than 60mA/12V; Miscellaneous part is when holding state, and current sinking is less than 1mA/12V, and the working current during image data is less than 3mA/12V.Generally speaking, the average working current of this device is less than 8mA/12V, all the time according to situation under, the continuous working period of device satisfied the needs of hydrologic parameter monitoring greater than 45 days.
As shown in Figure 3, it is the main channel that the utility model generally directly connects monitoring center with GPRS wireless data sending unit 9; When GPRS wireless data sending unit 9 breaks down, then be communicated with satellite communication terminal through data communication units 8 earlier, communication terminal is connected to monitoring center via satellite again.
The staff can carry out manual work and put number through the supervisory keyboard of human and machine interface unit 13, and sends manual works through GPRS wireless data sending unit 9 and put and count to monitoring center, and the staff can also be provided with the present clock of this device through supervisory keyboard.
The mode of operation of the utility model is divided into three kinds:
(1) reporting pattern certainly, is the hydrologic parameter that arrives to monitoring center's transmitting supervisory according to the time interval of setting, and when not having acquisition parameter and sending data, then is positioned at holding state;
(2) inquiry response pattern can be accepted the querying command that monitoring center assigns, and uploads corresponding hydrologic parameter according to order.
(3) compatibility mode; Be to have concurrently from newspaper pattern and inquiry response pattern, the hydrologic parameter that promptly can arrive to monitoring center's transmitting supervisory in the time interval of setting is not when having acquisition parameter and sending data; Then be positioned at holding state, also can accept and reply the querying command that monitoring center assigns.
As shown in Figure 4; Be the job step of the utility model when reporting pattern certainly: when reaching setting-up time; Core cpu unit 6 forms acquisition automatically; And acquisition sent to acquisition controlling unit 7, acquisition controlling unit 7 be control water level meter 5 image data and with the returning data of gathering to core cpu unit 6, core cpu unit 6 instant storage data arrive storer 14; And through GPRS wireless data sending unit 9 waterlevel data of gathering and the real-time rainfall data in the storer 14 are sent to monitoring center together, core cpu unit 6 and also image data on display, show.
As shown in Figure 5; Be the job step of the utility model when the inquiry response pattern: when core cpu unit 6 receives the querying command that monitoring center sends through GPRS wireless data sending unit 9; Core cpu unit resolves querying command, querying command generally are divided into two kinds, and first kind is enquiry of historical data; Historical data promptly is the data of having gathered that exist in the storer 14, then from storer 14, directly extracts data and data are sent to monitoring center; Second kind is acquisition; Then send acquisition to acquisition controlling unit 7; Acquisition controlling unit 7 be control water level meter 5 image data and with the returning data of gathering to core cpu unit 6; Core cpu unit 6 instant storage data arrive storer 14, and through GPRS wireless data sending unit 9 waterlevel data of gathering and the real-time rainfall data in the storer 14 are sent to monitoring center together, and core cpu unit 6 also shows image data on display screen.

Claims (8)

1. low-power consumption hydrological telemetering terminating machine; Comprise waterproof cabinet (1), main frame (2), solar panels (3) and accumulator (11); Main frame (2) and accumulator (11) are arranged in the waterproof cabinet (1); Solar panels (3) are arranged on outside the waterproof cabinet (1); Solar panels (3) and accumulator (11) are electrically connected with main frame (2); It is characterized in that: described main frame (2) comprises core cpu unit (6) and the acquisition controlling unit (7), data communication units (8), charging control unit (10), PMU (12) and the human and machine interface unit (13) that are connected with core cpu unit (6); Charging control unit (10) connects solar panels (3) and accumulator (11) respectively, and data communication units (8) is through the monitoring center of GPRS wireless data sending unit (9) connection far-end, and described human and machine interface unit (13) comprises a display and a supervisory keyboard.
2. low-power consumption hydrological telemetering terminating machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be connected with rain gage (4) on the described acquisition controlling unit (7), rain gage (4) is arranged on outside the cabinet (1).
3. low-power consumption hydrological telemetering terminating machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be connected with water level gauge (5) on the described acquisition controlling unit (7), water level gauge (5) is arranged on outside the cabinet (1).
4. low-power consumption hydrological telemetering terminating machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described rain gage (4) is the tipping-bucket rain-gauge of single contact or double-contact.
5. low-power consumption hydrological telemetering terminating machine according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described water level gauge (5) is the float type level meter of 13 following Gray code outputs.
6. low-power consumption hydrological telemetering terminating machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the position that is right against display on the described waterproof cabinet (1) is provided with a view window.
7. low-power consumption hydrological telemetering terminating machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be connected with a storer (14) on the described core cpu unit (6).
8. low-power consumption hydrological telemetering terminating machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described data communication units (8) can also be connected to monitoring center through standby communication facility.
CN2011203925400U 2011-10-17 2011-10-17 Hydrological telemetering terminal with low power consumption CN202255556U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103123261A (en) * 2011-11-17 2013-05-29 四川蓝讯宝迩电子科技有限公司 Anti-destruction wireless hydrological telemetering machine
CN103257375A (en) * 2013-03-07 2013-08-21 合肥三立自动化工程有限公司 Rain condition remote-measuring system and rain condition remote-measuring method
CN103344278A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-10-09 成都汉康信息产业有限公司 Ground remote-measuring and monitoring system
CN103412478A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-11-27 成都汉康信息产业有限公司 Hydrological test terminal
CN104767974A (en) * 2015-04-09 2015-07-08 合肥三立自动化工程有限公司 Intelligent remote monitoring terminal with video monitoring function and control method thereof
CN106643966A (en) * 2017-02-08 2017-05-10 成都英孚克斯科技有限公司 Simple water level acquisition and alarm system and working mechanism thereof

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103123261A (en) * 2011-11-17 2013-05-29 四川蓝讯宝迩电子科技有限公司 Anti-destruction wireless hydrological telemetering machine
CN103257375A (en) * 2013-03-07 2013-08-21 合肥三立自动化工程有限公司 Rain condition remote-measuring system and rain condition remote-measuring method
CN103344278A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-10-09 成都汉康信息产业有限公司 Ground remote-measuring and monitoring system
CN103412478A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-11-27 成都汉康信息产业有限公司 Hydrological test terminal
CN104767974A (en) * 2015-04-09 2015-07-08 合肥三立自动化工程有限公司 Intelligent remote monitoring terminal with video monitoring function and control method thereof
CN104767974B (en) * 2015-04-09 2018-02-06 中水三立数据技术股份有限公司 A kind of intelligent telemetry terminal and its control method with video monitoring function
CN106643966A (en) * 2017-02-08 2017-05-10 成都英孚克斯科技有限公司 Simple water level acquisition and alarm system and working mechanism thereof

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120530

Termination date: 20181017