CN202238681U - Winnowing device for organic fertilizer made of domestic garbage - Google Patents

Winnowing device for organic fertilizer made of domestic garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202238681U
CN202238681U CN2011203164700U CN201120316470U CN202238681U CN 202238681 U CN202238681 U CN 202238681U CN 2011203164700 U CN2011203164700 U CN 2011203164700U CN 201120316470 U CN201120316470 U CN 201120316470U CN 202238681 U CN202238681 U CN 202238681U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drum
winnowing
screen
machine
vertical
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011203164700U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郝东生
王玉利
闫洪滨
郝文仓
付强
李飞舟
陈进岭
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HENAN AOSIDI ENVIRONMENTAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Original Assignee
HENAN AOSIDI ENVIRONMENTAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HENAN AOSIDI ENVIRONMENTAL MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical HENAN AOSIDI ENVIRONMENTAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CN2011203164700U priority Critical patent/CN202238681U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202238681U publication Critical patent/CN202238681U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a winnowing device for fertilizer prepared by fermentation of organic matters in the domestic garbage. The winnowing device comprises a feeding and drum screening part, a winnowing part, a PMED (permanent magnetic electric drum) magnetic separation part and a discharging part, wherein the feeding and drum screening part comprises a feed hopper, a belt feeder and a drum screen, the drum screen comprises a leg, a riding wheel, a driving device, drum screening machines, a screen drum and a sweeper, the riding wheel and the driving device are arranged on the leg, the drum screening machines are meshed with the riding wheel and the driving device, the screen drum is obliquely arranged, the sweeper is arranged outside the screen drum, and the two ends of the screen drum are respectively provided with a drum screening machine; the winnowing part comprises a vertical winnowing machine, the vertical winnowing machine is provided with a seal cover, the seal cover is arranged corresponding to a discharge port of the screen drum, a wind inlet pipe at the lower part of the vertical winnowing machine is communicated with a fan, and the upper part of the vertical winnowing machine is provided with a wind outlet pipe; the magnetic separation part comprises a permanent magnetic iron separator and a discharge adjusting plate; and the discharging part comprises a discharging belt machine, a light-material collecting box and a heavy-material outlet, the discharging belt machine is arranged below the screen drum, the light-material collecting box is arranged at the upper part of the vertical winnowing machine, and the heavy-material outlet is arranged at the lower part of the vertical winnowing machine.

Description

House refuse fertilizer pneumatic separation device
Technical field
The utility model relates to the structure of house refuse organic matter composting pneumatic separation device, is a kind of pneumatic separation device that the domestic waste organic matter fermentation is produced fertilizer that is used for handling.
Background technology
Produce in organic fat process at the organic matter fermentation of house refuse; The granularity of general composting material is less than 60 millimeters; Moisture is about 25%, and the house refuse of China is a composting, complicated component, moisture height; And in house refuse, also sneak into a spot of brick and tile stone, waste plastics bag, cullet, broken pottery, dregs, metal and battery etc., organic sorting is difficulty very.At present, the single mechanical grading of domestic most employing, the efficiency of separation is low, can not effectively remove the impurity in the fertilizer, influences the product quality of fertilizer.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model to the problems referred to above, provides a kind of house refuse fertilizer pneumatic separation device; Has the complicated ingredient that adapts to house refuse; Good separation effect, the mode that adopts screening, magnetic separation and gravity selection by winnowing to combine has the effect of efficiently removing less than 60 millimeters impurity (brick and tile stone, waste plastics bag, cullet, broken pottery, dregs, metal and battery etc.) in the material behind the organic matter fermentation thing composting in the house refuse; Stable equipment operation, automaticity is high.
The technical scheme that realizes above-mentioned target is:
Organic matter fermentation composting pneumatic separation device in a kind of house refuse; Comprise that charging and trommelling part, selection by winnowing part, permanent magnetic electric barrel magnetic separation part and output section constitute; Said charging and trommelling partly comprise feed hopper and belt feeder and rotary screen; Rotary screen comprises supporting leg, be arranged on rotary screen extension set, the screen drum that is obliquely installed of support roller and transmission device and support roller and transmission device engagement on the supporting leg and be arranged on the outer sweeper of screen drum, is provided with the rotary screen extension set at the two ends of screen drum, and said selection by winnowing partly comprises vertical winnowing machine; On vertical winnowing machine, seal closure is set; Seal closure is corresponding with the discharging opening of screen drum, on the blast pipe of vertical winnowing machine bottom, is linked with blower fan, is provided with discharge pipe on vertical wind first chance top; Said magnetic separation partly comprises permanent-magnetic iron expeller, discharging adjustment plate; Said output section comprises outfeed belt machine, light material collection case and heavy material discharging opening; The outfeed belt machine is arranged on below the screen drum; Light material collection case is arranged on vertical wind first chance top, and the heavy material discharging opening is arranged on the bottom of vertical winnowing machine.
The first device of above-mentioned house refuse fertilizer wind is provided with permanent-magnetic iron expeller and adjustment baffle plate on outfeed belt machine top.
Above-mentioned house refuse fertilizer pneumatic separation device, vertical wind first chance top are provided with the crooked air channel of 45 degree, and the bottom is provided with the crooked air channel of 45 degree.
Above-mentioned house refuse fertilizer pneumatic separation device, the charging aperture place of said vertical wind first chance is provided with 45 degree baffle plates.
Above-mentioned house refuse fertilizer pneumatic separation device, said rotary screen is the rotary screen of replaceable sieve plate, sweeper is a rotary screen rotary cleaning device.
This house refuse fertilizer pneumatic separation device has following advantage;
1, be combined into one trommelling, selection by winnowing, magnetic separation, reduced the diffusion of smell in conveying equipment and the course of conveying, compact conformation, it is high to remove impurity efficient.
2, adopt permanent-magnetic iron expeller, can remove tiny metal and button cell in the composting, guaranteed that content of beary metal reaches standard, improved fertilizer fertilizer product quality.
3, combine vertical winnowing machine import, process seal closure cover with separating sieve, can efficiently remove foreign material such as the brick and tile stone in the material, broken plastics, shred, leaf.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model.
The specific embodiment
Organic matter fermentation composting pneumatic separation device in a kind of house refuse as shown in Figure 1; Comprise that charging and trommelling part, selection by winnowing part, permanent magnetic electric barrel magnetic separation part and output section constitute; Said charging and trommelling partly comprise feed hopper and belt feeder 1 and rotary screen; Rotary screen comprises supporting leg 6, be arranged on rotary screen extension set 2, the screen drum 4 that is obliquely installed of support roller and transmission device 5 and support roller and transmission device engagement on the supporting leg and be arranged on the outer sweeper 3 of screen drum, is provided with rotary screen extension set 2 at the two ends of screen drum 4, and said selection by winnowing partly comprises vertical winnowing machine 8; Seal closure 15 is set on vertical winnowing machine; Seal closure 15 is corresponding with the discharging opening of screen drum 4, on vertical winnowing machine bottom blast pipe 13, is linked with blower fan 9, is provided with discharge pipe 10 on vertical wind first chance top; Said magnetic separation partly comprises permanent-magnetic iron expeller 18, discharging adjustment plate 19; Said output section comprises outfeed belt machine 17; Light material collection case 11 and heavy material discharging opening 16, outfeed belt machine 17 is arranged on below the screen drum 4, is provided with permanent-magnetic iron expeller 18 and adjustment baffle plate 19 on outfeed belt machine 17 tops; Light material collection case 11 is arranged on vertical wind first chance top, and heavy material discharging opening 16 is arranged on the bottom of vertical winnowing machine.3, by the described house refuse fertilizer of claim 2 pneumatic separation device, vertical wind first chance 8 tops are provided with the crooked air channel 14 of 45 degree, and the bottom is provided with the crooked air channel 12 of 45 degree.The charging aperture place of said vertical wind first chance is provided with 45 degree baffle plates 15.Said rotary screen is the rotary screen 2 of replaceable sieve plate, and sweeper 3 is rotary screen rotary cleaning devices 3.
Material enters in the screen drum 4 of rotary screen through hopper and belt feeder 1; By under the continuous rotation of cylinder, material being divided into the two large divisions; Screenings gets into belt feeder 17; Material is through permanent-magnetic iron expeller 18, and magnetic force is discharged tiny metal and button cell etc. in the back of adjustment baffle plate 19, and fertilizer is discharged through the direction of motion of belt feeder 17; Oversize gets into vertical winnowing machine 8 through charging aperture 15; Light material that contains in the material such as broken plastics, shred, leaf etc. are under wind; Through the crooked air channel of last 45 degree, airduct 10, entering collecting box 11, light material mainly comprises broken plastics, leaf, paper, cloth waste etc., and heavy material is along the crooked air channel 13 of following 45 degree; Discharge through the heavy material discharging opening, heavy material mainly comprises materials such as brick and tile stone dregs.
During the work of this organic matter composting pneumatic separation device, at first open each system equipment, no-load running five minutes, operation again feeds intake after each several part is in proper working order.According to the moisture and the inlet amount of material, the speed of service of adjustment belt feeder, the air quantity of adjustment blower fan 9, the rotating speed of adjustment rotary screen 2 adapts the operational factor of each several part equipment and material, reaches best sorting state.The screen drum 4 of rotary screen is circular, the circular hole of even distribution diameter 15mm around the cylinder, and the screen drum 4 of rotary screen is modular construction; Fixed by nut, can change the sieve plate in different apertures according to component of refuse, it is convenient to change; The rotary cleaning device 3 of rotary screen 2 configuration is along with the attachment and the earth of screen drum, the adjustable gaps between rotary cleaning device 3 and the rotary screen 2 are cleared up in the rotation of rotary screen 2 at any time; The timely cleaning of sieve aperture helps to improve screening efficiency.Programmable controller PLC and frequency converter are adopted in the electrical control of sorting unit, control belt feeder 1, rotary screen 4, the speed of blower fan 9; Make operating condition reach best, automation degree of equipment is high, and is easy and simple to handle; The efficiency of separation is high, and economical and practical, fault rate is low.
The utility model is made up of charging and rotary screen portions, selection by winnowing part, magnetic separation part part and output section.Each several part has independence, can make completion respectively after, assemble the all-in-one-piece manufacturing process again.

Claims (5)

1. organic matter fermentation composting pneumatic separation device in the house refuse; It is characterized in that: comprise that charging and trommelling part, selection by winnowing part, permanent magnetic electric barrel magnetic separation part and output section constitute; Said charging and trommelling partly comprise feed hopper and belt feeder (1) and rotary screen; Rotary screen comprises supporting leg (6), be arranged on rotary screen extension set (2), the screen drum (4) that is obliquely installed of support roller and transmission device (5) and support roller and transmission device engagement on the supporting leg and be arranged on screen drum sweeper (3) outward; Be provided with rotary screen extension set (2) at the two ends of screen drum (4); Said selection by winnowing partly comprises vertical winnowing machine (8), and seal closure (15) is set on vertical winnowing machine, and seal closure (15) is corresponding with the discharging opening of screen drum (4); On vertical winnowing machine bottom blast pipe (13), be linked with blower fan (9), be provided with discharge pipe (10) on vertical wind first chance top; Said magnetic separation partly comprises permanent-magnetic iron expeller (18), discharging adjustment plate (19); Said output section comprises outfeed belt machine (17), light material collection case (11) and heavy material discharging opening (16); Outfeed belt machine (17) is arranged on below the screen drum (4); Light material collection case (11) is arranged on vertical wind first chance top, and heavy material discharging opening (16) is arranged on the bottom of vertical winnowing machine.
2. the first device of house refuse fertilizer wind according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with permanent-magnetic iron expeller (18) and adjustment baffle plate (19) on outfeed belt machine (17) top.
3. by the described house refuse fertilizer of claim 2 pneumatic separation device, it is characterized in that: vertical wind first chance (8) top is provided with 45 degree crooked air channels (14), and the bottom is provided with 45 degree crooked air channels (12).
4. according to 3 described house refuse fertilizer pneumatic separation devices as requested, it is characterized in that: the charging aperture place of said vertical wind first chance is provided with 45 degree baffle plates (15).
5. by the described house refuse fertilizer of claim 4 pneumatic separation device, it is characterized in that: said rotary screen is the rotary screen (2) of replaceable sieve plate, and sweeper (3) is a rotary screen rotary cleaning device (3).
CN2011203164700U 2011-08-29 2011-08-29 Winnowing device for organic fertilizer made of domestic garbage Expired - Fee Related CN202238681U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203164700U CN202238681U (en) 2011-08-29 2011-08-29 Winnowing device for organic fertilizer made of domestic garbage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203164700U CN202238681U (en) 2011-08-29 2011-08-29 Winnowing device for organic fertilizer made of domestic garbage

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202238681U true CN202238681U (en) 2012-05-30

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011203164700U Expired - Fee Related CN202238681U (en) 2011-08-29 2011-08-29 Winnowing device for organic fertilizer made of domestic garbage

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN202238681U (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102874579A (en) * 2012-10-23 2013-01-16 杨解定 Magnetic separation metal detecting system
CN103111414A (en) * 2012-10-24 2013-05-22 应志恩 Screening machine
CN104438039A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-03-25 四川凯尔丰农业科技有限公司 Screening device for producing organic bio-fertilizers
CN104815796A (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-08-05 冯愚斌 Impurity separating device for soft sheet material
CN106622980A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-10 河池市技术开发中心 Pepper picking machine
CN108421716A (en) * 2018-04-02 2018-08-21 浙江宁围环境服务有限公司 Garbage reclamation recycles processing system
CN111940287A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-11-17 刘贤华 Screening gravel and sand equipment is used in building site construction

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102874579A (en) * 2012-10-23 2013-01-16 杨解定 Magnetic separation metal detecting system
CN103111414A (en) * 2012-10-24 2013-05-22 应志恩 Screening machine
CN104438039A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-03-25 四川凯尔丰农业科技有限公司 Screening device for producing organic bio-fertilizers
CN104815796A (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-08-05 冯愚斌 Impurity separating device for soft sheet material
CN106622980A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-10 河池市技术开发中心 Pepper picking machine
CN108421716A (en) * 2018-04-02 2018-08-21 浙江宁围环境服务有限公司 Garbage reclamation recycles processing system
CN108421716B (en) * 2018-04-02 2020-12-18 浙江宁围环境服务有限公司 Garbage recycling treatment system
CN111940287A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-11-17 刘贤华 Screening gravel and sand equipment is used in building site construction

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120530

Termination date: 20150829

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model