CN202232579U - Aquatic product health cultivation and sewage ecological treatment and purified water recycling production system - Google Patents

Aquatic product health cultivation and sewage ecological treatment and purified water recycling production system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202232579U
CN202232579U CN2011203050894U CN201120305089U CN202232579U CN 202232579 U CN202232579 U CN 202232579U CN 2011203050894 U CN2011203050894 U CN 2011203050894U CN 201120305089 U CN201120305089 U CN 201120305089U CN 202232579 U CN202232579 U CN 202232579U
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China
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water
pond
ecological
residue
aquatic products
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CN2011203050894U
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Chinese (zh)
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郭伟
张善财
郭坤
郭强
陈宜浩
郭梓杰
郭臻
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郭伟
张善财
郭坤
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an aquatic product health cultivation and sewage ecological treatment and purified water recycling production system, which comprises an aquatic product main body ecological cultivation pond, a biological purification pond, a primary water purification pond, a secondary water purification pond, a recycled water recycling pond and a residue treatment ecological cultivation pond, and is characterized in that: the aquatic product main body ecological cultivation pond is provided with a waste water and residue discharge pipeline connected with the biological purification pond; the biological purification pond is provided with a waste residue conveyer belt connected with the waste residue treatment ecological cultivation pond, and the biological purification pond is provided with a purified water drainage pipeline connected with the primary water purification pond; and the primary water purification pond is connected with the second water purification pond by a primary water purification filtering wall, is connected with the recycled water recycling pond by the water purification filtering wall, and is connected with the main body ecological cultivation pond by a circulating purified water conveying pipeline. The aquatic product health cultivation and sewage ecological treatment and purified water recycling production system has the advantages that: the system is easy and convenient to manage, wastes are recycled, the production cost is low, the profit rate of comprehensive products is larger than that of shrimps and fish in the aquatic product main body cultivation pond, and water for cultivation can be saved by over 70 percent.

Description

Aquatic products healthy aquaculture and dirt ecological treatment and water purification recycle production system
Technical field:
The utility model belongs to agricultural environmental protection, through aquatic products healthy aquaculture and dirt ecological treatment and water purification recycle production system technology, has optimized culture environment of aquatic products; With ecological restoring method, strengthened the self-cleaning decontamination function of breeding environment, implement aquiculture sewerage " zero-emission " effectively; Realize the conserve water resource; Repeatedly utilize with circulation water purification breeding water, the compound increment of fecund article makes the healthy and safe breed of aquatic products walk out a new road.
Background technology:
Aquatic products is propagated rise artificially, the large-scale cultivation of high density, high yield particularly, and not only contaminated environment is also brought hidden danger for food security.In the aquaculture process, the protein of having more than needed in the feed, major part will be drained in water with the form of ammonia nitrogen, nitrite.Under environment such as rainfall, temperature, fishes and shrimps are easy to ill, strengthen antibiotic thereupon and use, and the food safety risk of medicament residue strengthens.Excreta of aquatic livestock and food-residue are deposited in the water, and it is spoiled to ferment, and accumulate over a long period, and body eutrophication, fish and shrimp are difficult to existence, and sewage discharge more can become environmental hazard.
Be the main body with the restoration of the ecosystem breed, carry out water resource economizing type, environmentally friendly cycle water environmental health aquaculture model.With the engineering of production system, make up breeding wastewater and purify step by step, culture the regulation and control environment that residue effectively utilizes.
Summary of the invention:
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of aquatic products healthy aquaculture and dirt ecological treatment and water purification recycle production system; To make up the environmental project of ecologic breeding; Ecology with microorganism, plant, animal is joined mutually; Clear up the pollutant of aquaculture, reach ecotope self-purification of water effect.With the recycling economy mode of production,, produce compound economic benefits to the multistage utilization of the self-purification of water.
The technical solution of the utility model is such; A kind of aquatic products healthy aquaculture and dirt ecological treatment and water purification recycle production system; Comprise aquatic products main body ecological culture pond, biological cleaning pond, one-level water purifying tank, secondary water purifying tank, middle water reuse tank, residue treatment ecologic breeding ground; It is characterized in that described aquatic products main body ecological culture pond is provided with the waste water and residue discharge conduit and connects the biological cleaning pond, described biological cleaning pond is provided with the waste residue conveyer belt and connects waste residue processing ecologic breeding ground; The biological cleaning pond is provided with the drainage pipeline of purifying waste water and connects the one-level water purifying tank; Described one-level water purifying tank connects the secondary water purifying tank by one-level water purification filter wall, water reuse tank during the secondary water purifying tank is connected by secondary water purification filter wall, and middle water reuse tank connects the main body ecological culture pond by circulation water purification conveyance conduit; Described aquatic products main body ecological culture pond by aerator, micropore oxygenation pipeline, pond at the bottom of facility such as residue cleaning hose, floated probiotics water purifier, water plant planting floating mat form, be connected in the biological cleaning pond through the waste water and residue discharge conduit; Described biological cleaning pond is made up of decline ecological water purifier, water plant planting floating mat, residue silt remover of suspension, connects residue treatment ecologic breeding ground through the residue conveyer belt, is connected in the one-level water purifying tank through the drainage pipeline of purifying waste water; Described residue treatment ecologic breeding ground is made up of snail earthworm and ecological breeding device, spiral shell earthworm and excrement pulp separator, plant sunshade growth belt, connects the biological cleaning pond through the residue conveyer belt; Described one-level water purifying tank is made up of decline ecological water purifier, water plant planting floating mat, one-level water purification filter wall of suspension, connects the biological cleaning pond at the upper reaches through the drainage pipeline of purifying waste water, and connects the secondary water purifying tank through one-level water purification filter wall; Described secondary water purifying tank is formed water reuse tank in being connected in through secondary water purification filter wall by decline ecological water purifier, water plant planting floating mat, secondary water purification filter wall of suspension; The water reuse tank is made up of decline ecological water purifier, water plant planting ground, aerator of suspension in described, is connected with aquatic products main body ecological culture pond through circulation water purification conveyance conduit.
The utility model advantage is a simple and convenient management, and refuse reclamation, production cost are very low, and the profit margin of comprehensive product is cultured the profit margin of pond shrimpfish greater than the aquatic products main body.In the breeding process, realized the aquatic products healthy aquaculture, dirt " zero-emission ", ecological self-cleaning reparation, the repeatedly water that circulates, the economic compound increment of industrial chain fecund article.The water purification reuse can be practiced thrift breeding water more than 70%.
Description of drawings:
Accompanying drawing is the overall structure diagrammatic sketch of the utility model.
In the accompanying drawing, aquatic products main body ecological culture pond (1), waste water and residue discharge conduit (2), biological cleaning pond (3), residue conveyer belt (4), residue treatment ecologic breeding ground (5), the drainage pipeline of purifying waste water (6), one-level water purifying tank (7), one-level water purification filter wall (8), secondary water purifying tank (9), secondary water purification filter wall (10), middle water reuse tank (11), circulation water purification conveyance conduit (12).
Embodiment:
The embodiment of the utility model is such; Shown in accompanying drawing; A kind of aquatic products healthy aquaculture and dirt ecological treatment and water purification recycle production system; Comprise aquatic products main body ecological culture pond, biological cleaning pond, one-level water purifying tank, secondary water purifying tank, middle water reuse tank, residue treatment ecologic breeding ground; Structure according to production system is carried out engineering construction.Residue cleaning hose, floated probiotics water purifier, water plant planting floating mat connect biological cleaning ponds 3 through waste water and residue discharge conduit 2 at the bottom of described aquatic products main body ecological culture pond 1 installation aerator, micropore oxygenation pipeline, the pond; Ecological water purifier, water plant planting floating mat, the residue silt remover of declining that suspend installed in described biological cleaning pond 3, connects residue treatment ecologic breeding ground 5 through residue conveyer belt 4, and drainage pipeline 6 connects one-level water purifying tank 7 through purifying waste water; Snail earthworm and ecological breeding device, spiral shell earthworm and excrement pulp separator are laid in described residue treatment ecologic breeding ground 5, plant sweet sorghum, high-stem plant such as field corn becomes the sunshade growth belt; Ecological water purifier, the water plant planting floating mat of declining that suspend installed in described first class purification pond 7, makes up one-level water purification filter wall 8 with rubble, coarse sand, charcoal lump in each 1/3rd ratio, connects secondary water purifying tank 9 through one-level water purification filter wall 8; Described secondary water purifying tank 9 is installed ecological water purifier, the water plant planting floating mat of declining that suspend, and builds up secondary water purification filter wall 10 with fine sand, charcoal powder in each ratio of 50% sandbag of packing into, through water reuse tank 11 in 10 connections of secondary water purification filter wall; Water reuse tank 11 is installed ecological water purifier, the aerator of declining that suspend in described, and plants such as plantation lotus rhizome form water plant planting ground, are connected with aquatic products main body ecological culture pond 1 through circulation water purification conveyance conduit 2 is installed.
After accomplishing the engineering of production system, implement to culture operation.Supporting shrimp with high density is embodiment: the suspension in each pond earlier declines ecological water purifier by water quality and breed requirement adding microecological microbial agent.Carry out water plant planting, aquatic products main body ecological culture pond 1 is placed the water plant planting floating mat with 30% the water surface, inserts aquatic vegetables such as kind of a water spinach, Chinese celery in the floating mat grid; The water plant planting floating mat is placed with 70% the water surface in biological cleaning pond 3, inserts in the floating mat grid and plants the plants such as lotus, water peanut that swim; One-level water purifying tank 7 is placed the water plant planting floating mat with secondary water purifying tank 9 with 60% the water surface, inserts kind of an aquatic vegetable in the floating mat grid; In water reuse tank 11 with 50% water plants such as water surface planting lotus rhizome.Then, start aerator and culture operation.In aquatic products main body ecological culture pond 1, throw in shrimp seedling, fry,, cooperate 100 tail spoons kiss fish, carry out high-density ecological and culture by the every mu of water surface 150,000 tail shrimp seedlings; 3 drop into catfish, Thailand open grave cowfish, spiral shell, a species of small clam living in fresh water in the biological cleaning pond; 7 drop into grass carps, silver carp, spiral shell, a species of small clam living in fresh water with secondary purification pond 9 in the first class purification pond.In breeding process, aquatic products main body ecological culture pond 1 changed the water scarfing cinder once in per 5 days, the residue desilting is all carried out in the biological cleaning pond 3 every months.Middle water reuse tank 11 is cultured water through the cleaning of biological cleanings and is transmitted back to aquatic products ecological culture pond 1 additional breeding water through circulation water purification conveyance conduit 12.
The meta-synthetic engineering of the utility model is used, the regulation and control model of innovation culture environment of aquatic products:
One, physical engineering water purification regulation and control.Utilize physical engineering, be changed to the aquaculture branch: production system engineering such as reuse tank, residue treatment ecologic breeding ground in main body ecological culture pond, biological cleaning pond, one-level water purifying tank, secondary water purifying tank, the water.Facilities such as aerator micropore oxygenation pipeline, floated probiotics water purifier, water plant planting floating mat, residue treatment silt remover, water purification filter wall are set in the pond, will culture waste water and residue branch pond, segmentation, stage purification.
Improve the oxygenation facility, traditional aerator is improved to aerator micropore pipeline.Bottom micropore bleeding technique solves bottom, fish pond dissolved oxygen problem better, has distinguishing features such as saving energy, safety are good; Can improve the dissolved oxygen level of pond bottom water body effectively; Improve the dissolved oxygen amount of whole breeding water body, eliminate thermocline, oxygen spring layer, the water density layer in pond, improve pond water quality; Promote the cultivated animals growth, increase fish loading amount.
Regulation and control are cultured and are changed the water desilting mode, keep the water body cleaning.Traditional breed, desilting are generally carried out the old especially alluvial in the fish pond that has after culturing results.Culture the pond and change the diligent desilting of water more, general 3-5 days once, and residue sewage is helped culturing the pond and implemented high density high benefit breeding scale by the biochemistry pool special disposal.
It is the method for separating organic dirt that intercepts very effectively that the water purification filter wall is set.About 1 meter of one-level water purification filter wall thickness is formed the filtration body of wall with rubble, coarse sand and charcoal lump, and both sides fold with filter screen.About 1.5 meters of secondary water purification filter wall thickness builds up body of wall with fine sand, the charcoal powder sandbag of packing into, pond water naturally osmotic, and water body is limpid.
Two, probiotics regulating and controlling water quality is settled floated probiotics water purifier in culturing the pond, it is made up of suspension adjusting device and probiotics slowly-releasing case.Can solve balanced in water body, the lasting problem that discharges of different microorganisms.Probiotics is because of being the useful bacterial strain that directly separates, screens from the occurring in nature orientation, nontoxic, noresidue, pollution-free, effectively antagonism water body pathogenic microorganisms; Degraded water body content of organics after being ingested by animal, can be multiplied in digestive tract; Generation has strong active amylase, lipase, protease etc., promotes digesting and assimilating of animal, and some flora can produce benefit materials such as vitamin, choline, lactic acid; For cultivated animals provides necessary trace element, enhancing antibody is to the absorption of iron, calcium etc., and beneficial bacterium is in the breeding of enteron aisle; Produce antibiotic, can effectively suppress the breeding of pathogenic bacteria, improve gut flora.At the main body ecological culture pond, throwing in is of value to fishes and shrimps growth ecological microbial agent, reduces fish body stress factor, turns harm into good.At biological cleaning pond, water purifying tank, throwing in elimination organic matter, humus is master's probiotics, different dirts " is eaten ", and degradation of ammonia nitrogen, nitroso-amines, decomposing hydrogen sulfide is stablized water PH value, microelement-supplementing.
Three, water plants is to the regulation and control of water quality.In culturing the pond, place the floating bed of convenient type water plant planting, around fixing with mao bamboon, use the two-sided parcel of netting again, form a mesh space, then water plants is inserted in the grid.After the transplanting, will float bed and deliver to the culturing pool face, and arrange in order, jag is fixed.Plant floating bed, fixedly water plants can not broken up, and can let it fully absorb the eutrophication materials such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and organic matter in the water again, makes the unnecessary nuisance of aquaculture, refuse be converted into the nutriment of plant growing.The excessive multiplication that has also suppressed harmful algae has simultaneously solved common body eutrophication problem.Place aquatic vegetable (like water spinach, oenanthe stolonifera etc.) at the main body ecological culture pond with 30% water surface; The stronger plants of absorption affinity such as water lettuce, water peanut are placed with 70% the water surface in the biological cleaning pond; Place aquatic vegetable at clarifier-tank with 60% the water surface, middle water reuse tank is with 50% crops such as water surface planting lotus rhizome.Need not to refertilize in the aquatic vegetable process of growth, also without weeding, water, convenient management can be produced organic vegetable.The lotus that swims that fertility is very strong can be salvaged and is sent to residue treatment ecologic breeding ground, supports the usefulness of growing snail, earthworm.
Four, breeding ecological is regulated and control naturally.Raise together with the comprehensive ecological cultivation pattern with many kinds science, ", supporting water " with fish with the clean water of fish.The main body ecological culture pond is the fish of food through science collocation silver carp, spoon kiss fish etc. with the plankton, stablizes ecological community with food chain, the balance ecosystem.Through the filtration of fish, can under the situation of the artificial feed of not throwing something and feeding in addition, produce aquatic livestock albumen on the one hand, can directly consume algae superfluous in the water body on the other hand, thereby reduce the nitrogen and phosphorus content of water body, reach the purpose of repairing water body.Catfish, spiral shell, a species of small clam living in fresh water be can raise together with in the biological cleaning pond, grass carp, spoon kiss fish, spiral shell, a species of small clam living in fresh water etc. raised together with at water purifying tank.
Five, the dirt residue recycles regulation and control.The dirty residue of excrement that is deposited on the biological cleaning pond is very good fertilizer, is transported to residue treatment ecologic breeding ground through silt remover.With dirt-absorbing ability is strong and plants such as the lotus that swims breeding rapidly, water peanut are salvaged, place snail, earthworm and ecological breeding device with residue, clear up.Breeding device is a case structure, and snail is cultured on top, and leaky formula demarcation strip also is the top board of vermiculture groove simultaneously, and the ight soil residue of snail is the grain of earthworm.The residue dirt is converted into snail, earthworm and wormcast fertilizer with the lotus that swims with production.Snail and earthworm are the high-quality protein feeds of aquaculture.
The embodiment culture benefit is analyzed: the breeding ecological regulation and control of production system, optimized breeding environment, and implement the high-density breeding of shrimp, realize high production, high benefit.Every mu of water surface is put 150,000 tail shrimp seedlings in a suitable place to breed, whenever makes foster shrimp output and can reach 3000 kilograms to 5000 kilograms, according to different region temperature situation, can put 2 to 5 every year in a suitable place to breed and make shrimp.The aquatic vegetable plantation can be gathered in the crops once in per 15 days to 20 days, and every mu of water surface can reach 300 kilograms to 500 kilograms at every turn, can gather in the crops every year about 15 times, produced per year to reach more than 5000 kilograms.Biological cleaning pond, water purifying tank, middle water reuse tank, residue treatment ecologic breeding ground produce with the recycling economy mode, its simple and convenient management, and refuse reclamation, production cost are very low, and the profit margin of comprehensive product is cultured the profit margin of pond shrimpfish greater than the aquatic products main body.In the breeding process, realized the aquatic products healthy aquaculture, dirt " zero-emission ", ecological self-cleaning reparation, the repeatedly water that circulates, the economic compound increment of industrial chain fecund article.The water purification reuse can be practiced thrift breeding water more than 70%.

Claims (7)

1. an aquatic products healthy aquaculture and dirt ecological treatment and water purification recycle production system; Comprise aquatic products main body ecological culture pond, biological cleaning pond, one-level water purifying tank, secondary water purifying tank, middle water reuse tank, residue treatment ecologic breeding ground; It is characterized in that; Described aquatic products main body ecological culture pond (1) is provided with waste water and residue discharge conduit (2) and connects biological cleaning pond (3); Described biological cleaning pond (3) is provided with waste residue conveyer belt (4) and connects waste residue processing ecologic breeding ground (5); Biological cleaning pond (3) is provided with the drainage pipeline of purifying waste water (6) and connects one-level water purifying tank (7); Described one-level water purifying tank (7) connects secondary water purifying tank (9) by one-level water purification filter wall (8), water reuse tank (11) during secondary water purifying tank (9) is connected by secondary water purification filter wall (10), and middle water reuse tank (11) connects aquatic products main body ecological culture pond (1) by circulation water purification conveyance conduit (12).
2. aquatic products healthy aquaculture according to claim 1 and dirt ecological treatment and water purification recycle production system; It is characterized in that; Described aquatic products main body ecological culture pond (1) by aerator, micropore oxygenation pipeline, pond at the bottom of residue cleaning hose, floated probiotics water purifier, water plant planting floating mat facility form, be connected in biological cleaning pond (3) through waste water and residue discharge conduit (2).
3. aquatic products healthy aquaculture according to claim 1 and dirt ecological treatment and water purification recycle production system; It is characterized in that; Described biological cleaning pond (3) is made up of decline ecological water purifier, water plant planting floating mat, residue silt remover of suspension; Connect residue treatment ecologic breeding ground (5) through residue conveyer belt (4), be connected in one-level water purifying tank (7) through the drainage pipeline of purifying waste water (6).
4. aquatic products healthy aquaculture according to claim 1 and dirt ecological treatment and water purification recycle production system; It is characterized in that; Described residue treatment ecologic breeding ground (5) is made up of snail earthworm and ecological breeding device, spiral shell earthworm and excrement pulp separator, plant sunshade growth belt, connects biological cleaning pond (3) through residue conveyer belt (4).
5. aquatic products healthy aquaculture according to claim 1 and dirt ecological treatment and water purification recycle production system; It is characterized in that; Described one-level water purifying tank (7) is made up of decline ecological water purifier, water plant planting floating mat, one-level water purification filter wall (8) of suspension; Biological cleaning pond (3) through the drainage pipeline of purifying waste water (6) the connection upper reaches connects secondary water purifying tank (9) through one-level water purification filter wall (8).
6. aquatic products according to claim 1 healthy and dirt ecological treatment and water purification recycle production system; It is characterized in that; Said secondary water purifying tank (9) is formed water reuse tank (11) in being connected in through secondary water purification filter wall (10) by decline ecological water purifier, water plant planting floating mat, secondary water purification filter wall (10) of suspension.
7. aquatic products healthy aquaculture according to claim 1 and dirt ecological treatment and water purification recycle production system; It is characterized in that; Water reuse tank (11) is made up of decline ecological water purifier, water plant planting ground, aerator of suspension in described, is connected with aquatic products main body ecological culture pond (1) through circulation water purification conveyance conduit (12).
CN2011203050894U 2011-08-19 2011-08-19 Aquatic product health cultivation and sewage ecological treatment and purified water recycling production system CN202232579U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102771436A (en) * 2012-08-21 2012-11-14 清流县清泉特种水产养殖场 Purification circulating water aquaculture system
CN102870734A (en) * 2012-10-09 2013-01-16 重庆市渝欣牧业开发有限公司 Circulating cultivation method of prawns
CN103601301A (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-02-26 河海大学常州校区 In-situ sewage treatment method and self-circulation ecological floating bed able to reduce secondary pollution
CN103964639A (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-08-06 东莞市发明家科技创新有限公司 Water circulating ecological system for aquaculture
CN104839079A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-08-19 广东海洋大学 Method and facility for cultivating parents of Sillago sihama indoors on large scale via prawn cultivation wastewater
CN104872027A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-09-02 广东海洋大学 Facility and method for indoor large-scale cultivation of larvae and juveniles of Sillago sihama using prawn cultivation wastewater
CN104872029A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-09-02 重庆百奥帝克微生态科技有限公司 Method for realizing ecological aquaculture by regulating water quality of high-yield aquaculture pond

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102771436A (en) * 2012-08-21 2012-11-14 清流县清泉特种水产养殖场 Purification circulating water aquaculture system
CN102870734A (en) * 2012-10-09 2013-01-16 重庆市渝欣牧业开发有限公司 Circulating cultivation method of prawns
CN102870734B (en) * 2012-10-09 2015-04-22 重庆市渝欣牧业开发有限公司 Circulating cultivation method of prawns
CN103601301A (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-02-26 河海大学常州校区 In-situ sewage treatment method and self-circulation ecological floating bed able to reduce secondary pollution
CN103964639A (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-08-06 东莞市发明家科技创新有限公司 Water circulating ecological system for aquaculture
CN104839079A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-08-19 广东海洋大学 Method and facility for cultivating parents of Sillago sihama indoors on large scale via prawn cultivation wastewater
CN104872027A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-09-02 广东海洋大学 Facility and method for indoor large-scale cultivation of larvae and juveniles of Sillago sihama using prawn cultivation wastewater
CN104872029A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-09-02 重庆百奥帝克微生态科技有限公司 Method for realizing ecological aquaculture by regulating water quality of high-yield aquaculture pond
CN104872029B (en) * 2015-06-12 2018-05-11 重庆百奥帝克微生态科技有限公司 By the aquatic ecological culturing method for regulating and controlling high yielding culture pond water quality

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