CN202227566U - Integrated solar building material plate - Google Patents

Integrated solar building material plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202227566U
CN202227566U CN2011202682774U CN201120268277U CN202227566U CN 202227566 U CN202227566 U CN 202227566U CN 2011202682774 U CN2011202682774 U CN 2011202682774U CN 201120268277 U CN201120268277 U CN 201120268277U CN 202227566 U CN202227566 U CN 202227566U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar
solar cell
integrative
building board
energy building
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011202682774U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙月静
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孙月静
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Priority to CN2011202682774U priority Critical patent/CN202227566U/en
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Publication of CN202227566U publication Critical patent/CN202227566U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/542Dye sensitized solar cells

Abstract

The utility model discloses an integrated solar building material plate which comprises a composite board (9), a frame (8) wrapping the edge of the composite board (9), an electrode (7) and a solar photovoltaic junction box (6). The integrated solar building material plate is characterized in that the composite board (9) sequentially comprises a photocatalyst paint layer (1), a film sprayed solar battery (2) and a base plate (3). An adhesive layer (4) and a foaming thermal insulation material (5) tightly adhered to the adhesive layer (4) are coated below the base plate (3). The integrated solar building material plate adopts the mode that the film sprayed solar battery is combined with a building component, overcomes the disadvantage of the traditional solar panel that the occupied space is large, realizes the building integrated photovoltaics, is safe and reliable, has high stability and a simple structure, and is convenient to install.

Description

Integrative solar-energy building board
Technical field
the utility model relates to the solar energy generation technology field, relates in particular to a kind of building materials plate that combines with thin film coatings solar cell one.
Background technology
along with the aggravation of environment pollution, the increase of energy consumption and the rising of traditional cost of electricity-generating, solar energy generation technology has obtained fast development and extensive use.Wherein, the generating of solar energy roof is one of main mode of present solar electrical energy generation.At present; Solar cell mainly is installed on the roof of having built up and body of wall; Need solar energy cell plate mounting bracket as auxiliary equipment, have that the attaching/detaching difficulty is big, cost is high, floor space is big, site operation personnel technology is relied on high shortcoming and drawback.
Summary of the invention
the utility model technical problem to be solved is shortcoming and the drawback that exists in the above-mentioned solar cell application in order to overcome; A kind of integrative solar-energy building board is provided; This building materials plate not only can be used as structure material, and can carry out solar electrical energy generation, does not need support; Do not need special generating floor space, convenience quick for installation.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is:
integrative solar-energy building board; The frame, electrode and the photovoltaic junction box that comprise composite board, the said composite board of coating edge; It is characterized in that described composite board comprises photo-catalytic coating layer, thin film coatings solar cell, substrate successively.
wherein, said photo-catalytic coating is used for the self-cleaning of building materials plate; Said thin film solar spraying battery directly is coated on the substrate, is electric energy with conversion of solar energy; Said photovoltaic junction box is used for the protective film solar cell, and connects adjacent building materials plate; Said adhesive layer with substrate bonding on foaming thermal-insulating; Said frame is used for fixing and protects building materials.
are further, and described thin film coatings solar cell directly is coated on the said substrate.
are further, and said thin film coatings solar cell is drawn the both positive and negative polarity lead and is connected with the photovoltaic junction box.
are further, and integrative solar-energy building board is through lead and said photovoltaic junction box and adjacent building materials plate serial or parallel connection.Thereby realize that BIPV reduces the device of solar generating floor space, low-carbon environment-friendly is convenient to install.
are further, and said substrate is the composite thermal insulation decorative board of calcium silicates mixed paper fiber, cement material.
are further, the foaming thermal-insulating that under said substrate, is coated with adhesive layer and closely bonds.On foaming thermal-insulating, said substrate and foaming thermal-insulating constitute building substrate to said adhesive layer with substrate bonding.
are further, and said foaming thermal-insulating is a polyurethane.
The utility model advantage is:
1. the utility model adopt directly the compound with the thin-film solar cells of silica-base film or other various type of skills to be sprayed on the building unit; Overcome the big shortcoming of traditional solar panels floor space; Realized BIPV; Safe and reliable, stability is good.
2. under the identical dead area of the utility model power loss less, do not have the internal circuit short circuit problem, be convenient to assembling and be connected.
3. the utility model it is few or use other compounds with the silicon amount, reduce cost more easily, the while it be a kind of high efficient energy sources product, be again a kind of New Building Materials.
4. the characteristics of the utility model thin film coatings solar cell also can be made into the on-plane surface structure except that being applied to the plane, and its range of application is bigger.
5. in the utility model the thin film coatings solar cell surface scribble photo-catalytic coating, can realize the building unit clean surfaces, overcome the cleaning difficulty, save artificial cleaning cost.
6. in the utility model substrate adopt materials processings such as calcium silicates, an amount of paper fiber, cement to form; Have advantages such as with low cost, low-carbon environment-friendly, long service life, shock resistance, good flame resistance, be fit to very much do the base material of building.
7. the utility model is simple in structure, and is easy for installation, long service life, and have excellent sealing performance and anti-shake performance.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is further described:
Fig. 1 is the integrative solar-energy building board sectional drawing of an embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the integrative solar-energy building board structural representation of an embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the integrated thin film coatings solar-energy building board front view of an embodiment of the utility model.
wherein: 1 photo-catalytic coating; 2 thin film coatings solar cells; 3 substrates; 4 adhesive layers; 5 foaming thermal-insulatings; 6 photovoltaic junction boxes; 7 electrodes; 8 frames; 9 composite boards.
The specific embodiment
embodiment: extremely shown in Figure 3 like Fig. 1; Integrative solar-energy building board; Comprise frame 8, electrode 7 and the photovoltaic junction box 6 at composite board 9, the said composite board of coating 9 edges, described composite board 9 comprises photo-catalytic coating layer 1, thin film coatings solar cell 2 and substrate 3 successively.The foaming thermal-insulating 5 that is coated with adhesive layer 43 times and closely bonds at substrate.
photo-catalytic coating 1 is used for the self-cleaning of building materials plate; Thin film coatings solar cell 2 is an electric energy with conversion of solar energy; Photovoltaic junction box 6 is used for protective film solar cell 2, and connects adjacent building materials plate, and adhesive layer 4 is bonded in substrate 3 on the foaming thermal-insulating 5; Substrate 3 constitutes building substrates with foaming thermal-insulating 5, and the section bar frame 8 of aluminum alloy frame or processing of high molecular material is used for fixing and protects building materials.
In the utility model the thin film coatings solar cell is painted on the substrate; And at thin film coatings solar cell surface coating photo-catalytic coating; Realize the self-cleaning and BIPV of building surface, do not needed special generating floor space, low-carbon environment-friendly; Physical life is long, convenience quick for installation.
The further technical scheme of the utility model be said thin film coatings solar cell can be on various constructional materialss spray-on solar power cell, on cladding glass, ceramic tile, metal and external wall of building members such as nonmetals, stone material.
The kind of the thin-film solar cells that can spray can be CIGS CIGS series film solar battery; Dye sensitization titanium dioxide DSSC dye-sensitized solar cell; Cadmium telluride/cadmium sulfide CdTe/CdS series film solar battery; GaAs GaAs series film solar battery; Selenium indium copper CIS series film solar battery; Polymer multi-layer modified electrode type solar cell; Nanocrystalline chemical solar cell; Amorphous silicon membrane; Amorphous silicon/microcrystalline silicon tandem; Translucent silicon-base thin-film battery BIPV solar cell; Multi-crystal silicon film solar battery etc.
Only be the concrete exemplary applications of the utility model more than , the protection domain of the utility model is not constituted any limitation.Except that the foregoing description, the utility model can also have other embodiment.All employings are equal to the technical scheme of replacement or equivalent transformation formation, all drop within the utility model scope required for protection.

Claims (7)

1. integrative solar-energy building board; Comprise composite board (9), coat frame (8), electrode (7) and the photovoltaic junction box (6) at said composite board (9) edge; It is characterized in that described composite board (9) comprises photo-catalytic coating layer (1), thin film coatings solar cell (2) and substrate (3) successively.
2. integrative solar-energy building board according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described thin film coatings solar cell (2) directly is coated on the said substrate (3).
3. integrative solar-energy building board according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said thin film coatings solar cell (2) is drawn the both positive and negative polarity lead and is connected with photovoltaic junction box (6).
4. integrative solar-energy building board according to claim 3 is characterized in that, said integrative solar-energy building board is through lead and said photovoltaic junction box (6) and adjacent building materials plate serial or parallel connection.
5. integrative solar-energy building board according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the foaming thermal-insulating (5) that under said substrate (3), is coated with adhesive layer (4) and closely bonds.
6. integrative solar-energy building board according to claim 5 is characterized in that, said foaming thermal-insulating (5) is a polyurethane.
7. integrative solar-energy building board according to claim 1; It is characterized in that the kind of the thin-film solar cells that can spray is CIGS CIGS series film solar battery or dye sensitization titanium dioxide DSSC dye-sensitized solar cell or cadmium telluride/cadmium sulfide CdTe/CdS series film solar battery or GaAs GaAs series film solar battery or selenium indium copper CIS series film solar battery or polymer multi-layer modified electrode type solar cell or nanocrystalline chemical solar cell or amorphous silicon thin-film solar cell or amorphous silicon/microcrystalline silicon tandem solar cell or translucent silica-base film BIPV solar cell or multi-crystal silicon film solar battery.
CN2011202682774U 2011-07-27 2011-07-27 Integrated solar building material plate Expired - Fee Related CN202227566U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011202682774U CN202227566U (en) 2011-07-27 2011-07-27 Integrated solar building material plate

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011202682774U CN202227566U (en) 2011-07-27 2011-07-27 Integrated solar building material plate

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202227566U true CN202227566U (en) 2012-05-23

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CN2011202682774U Expired - Fee Related CN202227566U (en) 2011-07-27 2011-07-27 Integrated solar building material plate

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202227566U (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103628635A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-03-12 河南天恩太阳能科技有限公司 Solar inorganic phase change insulation board
CN103887353A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-06-25 梅景华 Coating for converting optical energy into electric energy and glass assembly
CN104218117A (en) * 2013-05-29 2014-12-17 周奇迪 Solar cell and method for manufacturing the same, solar power generating system
CN105280391A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-01-27 钟林超 Solar-cell-based external-wall thermal insulation decorative board and manufacturing method thereof
CN106452329A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-02-22 戚明海 Solar photovoltaic wall
CN108551299A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-09-18 河北卓达建材研究院有限公司 A kind of solar power generation composite plate and preparation method thereof
CN110746681A (en) * 2018-07-24 2020-02-04 张伟 Photovoltaic module imitating natural stone pattern and preparation method thereof

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104218117A (en) * 2013-05-29 2014-12-17 周奇迪 Solar cell and method for manufacturing the same, solar power generating system
CN103628635A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-03-12 河南天恩太阳能科技有限公司 Solar inorganic phase change insulation board
CN103887353A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-06-25 梅景华 Coating for converting optical energy into electric energy and glass assembly
CN105280391A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-01-27 钟林超 Solar-cell-based external-wall thermal insulation decorative board and manufacturing method thereof
CN106452329A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-02-22 戚明海 Solar photovoltaic wall
CN108551299A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-09-18 河北卓达建材研究院有限公司 A kind of solar power generation composite plate and preparation method thereof
CN110746681A (en) * 2018-07-24 2020-02-04 张伟 Photovoltaic module imitating natural stone pattern and preparation method thereof

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120523

Termination date: 20150727

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model