CN202225879U - Integrated brake device of railway wagon bogie - Google Patents

Integrated brake device of railway wagon bogie Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202225879U
CN202225879U CN201120309967XU CN201120309967U CN202225879U CN 202225879 U CN202225879 U CN 202225879U CN 201120309967X U CN201120309967X U CN 201120309967XU CN 201120309967 U CN201120309967 U CN 201120309967U CN 202225879 U CN202225879 U CN 202225879U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brake
brake beam
lever
drag chain
brake lever
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201120309967XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王春山
姜强俊
刘凤伟
王宝磊
涂智文
孙明道
王高
马驰
石峰
任志望
张训琪
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CRRC Yangtze Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CSR Yangtze Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CSR Yangtze Co Ltd filed Critical CSR Yangtze Co Ltd
Priority to CN201120309967XU priority Critical patent/CN202225879U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202225879U publication Critical patent/CN202225879U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an integrated brake device of a railway wagon bogie, which comprises a front brake beam (1), a front brake lever (2), a front brake chain (3), a bi-directional self-regulating travel boosting brake cylinder (4), a rear brake chain (5), a rear brake lever (8), a rear brake beam (9) and a brake shoe (10). The integrated brake device of the railway wagon bogie provided by the utility model is simple and compact in structure, convenient and easy in assembly, effectively reduces the dead load of the railway wagon, and improves load-carrying ability of the railway wagon.

Description

The integrated brake equipment of railway goods train bogie
Technical field
The utility model relates to railway truck braking technology field, particularly a kind of integrated brake equipment of railway goods train bogie that is adapted to be mounted within on the bogie truck.
Background technology
Domestic lorry generally adopts traditional lever-type brake all the time; And, lorry guarantees for providing the failure-free deceleration and stopping performance; But along with domestic lorry technology is fast-developing; Axle is heavy, speed improves constantly, and requires increasingly high to reliability, brake efficiency, integrated degree and the repair and maintenance performance etc. of railway truck brake equipment.
Both some was installed on the car body drive disk assembly of lever-type brake, and some is installed on the bogie truck again, and its structure is comparatively complicated and loose, has following defective:
One of which includes a series of lever, push rod and pull bar in this type of brake equipment, in vehicle operating and braking procedure, very easily cause abrasion or damage, thereby significantly increased maintenance and repair expense and work capacity.
Its two, the parts of this type of brake equipment are various, the assembling complicated, cause the overall weight of vehicle to increase the also corresponding increase of energy resource consumption; And reduced the load-carrying ability of vehicle, thereby influenced the railway freight benefit.
Its three, this type of brake equipment exists more rod member, guide and friction pair, friction drag is quite big in the transmittance process of power; Cause the driving efficiency of whole device comparatively low; Restricted the lifting of car brakeing ability, simultaneously, also be prone to cause release of brake bad.
Its four, the drive disk assembly of this type of brake equipment mainly is installed on the car body, has limited vehicle design space; Cause the nervous styling design of lower space such as bathtub car, hopper car and depressed centre flat wagon more difficult; Simultaneously, take vehicle body volume morely, limited the carrying capacity of heavy axle load wagon.
In order to solve the existing defective of traditional lever-type brake, the scientific research personnel once developed the integrated brake equipment of bogie truck of two kinds of railway trucks.The integrated brake equipment of a kind of bogie truck is installed in brake cylinder on the bolster, and its shortcoming is to have welded on the bolster more installation accessories, and the stressed complicacy of bolster has influenced as the main stressed member of vehicle---the reliability of bolster, and its integrated degree is lower.The integrated brake equipment of another kind of bogie truck is installed in brake cylinder on the brake beam, and its shortcoming is that the force-bearing situation of brake beam is relatively poor, and the reliability of cause vehicles braking does not reach a standard as yet fully.
Summary of the invention
One of purpose of the utility model provides that a kind of integrated degree height, dependable performance, brake efficiency are high, maintenance cost is low and can optimize the integrated brake equipment of railway goods train bogie of body construction.
According to an aspect of the utility model, provide the integrated brake equipment of a kind of railway goods train bogie to comprise: preceding brake beam, front brake lever, preceding drag chain, two-way self-regulated stroke reinforcement brake cylinder, back drag chain, back brake lever, back brake beam, brake shoe;
Brake beam is arranged symmetrically in the truck bolster both sides with the back brake beam before said;
Brake beam is provided with pillar with the back brake beam before said;
Brake beam is provided with slide block with the right ends of back brake beam before said; Said slide block is embedded in the chute on the truck side frame;
The lower end of said front brake lever is connected on the pillar of said preceding brake beam, and the upper end is connected with an end of said preceding drag chain; The other end of said preceding drag chain is connected with the preceding fixed pivot seat on the truck bolster;
The lower end of said back brake lever is connected on the pillar of said back brake beam, and the upper end is connected with an end of said back drag chain; The other end of back drag chain is connected with back fixed pivot seat on the truck bolster;
Said two-way self-regulated stroke reinforcement brake cylinder is connected between said front brake lever and the back brake lever;
The said slide block of right ends of brake beam and back brake beam was inboard before said brake shoe was arranged on.
Further, said preceding brake beam is isosceles triangular structure with the back brake beam; Pillar before said on brake beam and the back brake beam is arranged on this isoceles triangle shape midperpendicalar position.
Further, said two-way self-regulated stroke reinforcement brake cylinder front end is connected the middle part of said front brake lever, and the rear end is connected the middle part of back brake lever.
The integrated brake equipment of railway goods train bogie according to the utility model provides has the following advantages:
One, simple and compact for structure, easy to assembly easy, effectively reduce dead weight of vehicle, improved the load-carrying ability of vehicle;
Two, planar friction pair and pivoting friction are secondary few, and driving efficiency is high, and friction drag is low, can effectively improve vehicle braked efficient and improve release of brake bad;
Three, drive disk assembly is installed concentratedly on bogie truck; For car body has been reserved big quantity space; Help the optimization of body construction; In particular for the nervous vehicle of lower space such as bathtub car, hopper car and depressed centre flat wagon the feasibility of space optimization is provided, has made heavy axle load wagon under existing gauge and handling equipment condition, effectively increase vehicle body volume, for the raising vehicle load has been created condition;
Four, it has cancelled more wear part and accessory, and the expense and the work capacity that have effectively reduced inspection, replacing or repaired these parts have reduced the maintenance cost of whole brake equipment.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the main TV structure scheme drawing of the integrated brake equipment of railway goods train bogie reinforcement that provides of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the plan structure scheme drawing of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the left TV structure scheme drawing of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a two-way self-regulated stroke reinforcement brake cylinder structural representation among Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the local structure scheme drawing of two-way self-regulated stroke reinforcement brake cylinder among Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is installed in the structural representation on the bogie truck for the integrated brake equipment of bogie truck reinforcement shown in Figure 1;
Fig. 7 is the plan structure scheme drawing of Fig. 6.
The utility model purpose, function and advantage will combine embodiment, further specify with reference to accompanying drawing.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the integrated brake equipment of railway goods train bogie reinforcement that the utility model embodiment provides comprises preceding brake beam 1, front brake lever 2, preceding drag chain 3, two-way self-regulated stroke reinforcement brake cylinder 4, back drag chain 5, back brake lever 8, back brake beam 9, brake shoe 10.
Wherein, preceding brake beam 1 is isosceles triangular structure with back brake beam 9, is arranged symmetrically in the both sides of truck bolster 21 (referring to Fig. 7).Preceding brake beam 1 is provided with pillar 6 with back brake beam 9, and this pillar 6 is positioned on the midperpendicalar position of above-mentioned equicrural triangle.The preceding brake beam 1 of design-calculated and afterwards brake beam 9 stable and reliable structure, stressed being evenly distributed like this.Preceding brake beam 1 is installed with slide block 7 (referring to Fig. 2) with the right ends of back brake beam 9.Slide block 7 is embedded in the chute 26 on the truck side frame 25 (referring to Fig. 7).Right ends slide block 7 (referring to Fig. 3) inboard of brake beam 1 and back brake beam 9 before brake shoe 10 is installed in.When current brake beam 1 moves with respect to chute 26 with slide block 7 on the brake beam 9 of back, can drive brake shoe 10 and be close to or leave wheel 20 (referring to Fig. 6).
Referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 7, on the pillar 6 of brake beam 1, an end of the upper end of front brake lever 2 and preceding drag chain 3 was hinged before the lower end of front brake lever 2 was hinged on.The other end and the preceding fixed pivot seat 22 on the truck bolster 21 of preceding drag chain 3 are hinged.
Referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 7, the lower end of back brake lever 8 is hinged on the pillar 6 of back brake beam 9, and the upper end of back brake lever 8 is hinged with an end of back drag chain 5, and the back fixed pivot seat 23 on the other end of back drag chain 5 and the truck bolster 21 is hinged.The upper end of brake lever 8 also is provided with the pin-and-hole 24 that can link to each other with hand brake device in the back.When the two-way self-regulated stroke of pneumatic type reinforcement brake cylinder 4 can't be worked, can spur back brake lever 8 through hand brake device, and then drive the braking of miscellaneous part completion wheel 20.Arrow B illustrates the application of force direction of hand brake device among Fig. 2.In addition, also can pin-and-hole 24 be arranged on the upper end of front brake lever 2.
Referring to Fig. 1, the front end of two-way self-regulated stroke reinforcement brake cylinder 4 is hinged on the middle part of front brake lever 2, and the rear end of two-way self-regulated stroke reinforcement brake cylinder 4 is hinged on the middle part of back brake lever 8.Referring to Fig. 4, two-way self-regulated stroke reinforcement brake cylinder 4 comprises brake cylinder 13, step-up system 12 and two-way self-regulated stroke apparatus 11.If step-up system 12 is not set, the brake-force transmission that brake cylinder 13 produces will be dwindled during to brake shoe 10, and the demand of braking force in the time of can not satisfying vehicle parking is the amplification of realization braking force, and the utility model is integrated 1 step-up system 12 on brake cylinder 13.Wherein, two-way self-regulated stroke apparatus 11 is that the patent of CN200920227667.X has been done detailed presentations at application number, repeats no more.As shown in Figure 4, step-up system 12 comprises piston 16, is filled with the cavity of fluid medium 17.Piston 16 areas of braking force mouth are greater than piston rod 18 areas of braking force input end, and the principle of utilizing the fluid pressure to transmit is amplified braking force, and the adjustment of braking force enlargement ratio can realize with the area ratio of piston rod 18 through changing piston 16.In addition, also can realize the amplification of braking force through mechanical booster mechanism.
When brake shoe 10 or wheel 20 abrasion, generally can cause the gap increase between brake shoe 10 and the wheel 20; When brake shoe 10 or wheel 20 renew, generally can cause the gap between brake shoe 10 and the wheel 20 to be reduced.This moment is long or shortening through the automatic accent of two-way self-regulated stroke apparatus 11, can keep the piston stroke of brake cylinder 13 to be stabilized in the dimension limit of regulation.As shown in Figure 5, the boss of control stalk 15 leaves gap A with the limiting block 14 that is installed on the cylinder cap 19, and the dosage of regulating the cavity inner fluid medium 17 of step-up system 12 can determine the size of gap A, thus the piston stroke length of control brake cylinder 13.
A kind of integrated brake equipment principle of work of railway goods train bogie that is adapted to be mounted within on the bogie truck that the utility model embodiment proposes is following:
Implement the wind glancing impact when vehicle, the piston rod 18 that brake cylinder 13 protracts is passed to piston 16 through extrusion fluid medium 17 with the braking force pressure, under the situation that pressure equates; Piston 16 areas are greater than piston rod 18 areas; Thereby the amplification braking force, this moment, piston 16 moved forward under the propelling movement of fluid medium 17, drove two-way self-regulated stroke apparatus 11 and moved; Move thereby drive control stalk 15, make itself and the limiting block 14 that is installed on the cylinder cap 19 produce relative displacement.After gap A eliminates; When piston 16 continued to move, 14 of limiting blocks can stop that control stalk 15 continues to move, and moves thereby trigger two-way self-regulated stroke apparatus 11; Two-way self-regulated stroke apparatus 11 can be transferred long or shortening automatically according to the size of taking turns watt gap; And give back brake lever 8 with force transmission, give front brake lever 2 through two-way self-regulated stroke reinforcement brake cylinder 4 with the application force back transfer simultaneously, before front brake lever 2 drives with back brake lever 8 brake beam 1 with after brake beam 9 in the chute 26 of truck side frame 25, slide; Drive brake shoe 10 and be adjacent to wheel 20, thereby realize car brakeing.
When vehicle is implemented when hand braking; With the hand brake device pulling back brake lever 8 that is connected in the brake lever 8 upper end pin-and-holes 24 of back; Give front brake lever 2 through two-way self-regulated stroke reinforcement brake cylinder 4 with force transmission simultaneously; Brake beam 1 slided in the chute 26 of truck side frame 25 with back brake beam 9 before front brake lever 2 drove with back brake lever 8, drove brake shoe 10 and was adjacent to wheel 20, thereby realize car brakeing.
The integrated brake equipment of railway goods train bogie according to the utility model provides has the following advantages:
(1), simple and compact for structure, easy to assemblyly easily effectively reduce dead weight of vehicle, improved the load-carrying ability of vehicle;
(2), planar friction pair and pivoting friction be secondary few, driving efficiency is high, friction drag is low, can effectively improve vehicle braked efficient and improve release of brake bad;
(3), drive disk assembly is all installed concentratedly on bogie truck; For car body has been reserved big quantity space; Help the optimization of body construction; In particular for the nervous vehicle of lower space such as bathtub car, hopper car and depressed centre flat wagon the feasibility of space optimization is provided, has made heavy axle load wagon under existing gauge and handling equipment condition, effectively increase vehicle body volume, for the raising vehicle load has been created condition;
(4), cancelled more wear part and accessory, the expense and the work capacity that have effectively reduced inspection, replacing or repaired these parts have reduced the maintenance cost of whole brake equipment.
(5), directly two-way self-regulated stroke reinforcement brake cylinder is fixed on the forward and backward brake lever, its inheritance and innovation combine, and integrated degree is high, and critical component force-bearing situations such as bolster and brake beam are good, and reliability is high, and maintenance property is good.
The foregoing description is the utility model preferred implementation; But the embodiment of the utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments; Other any do not deviate from change, the modification done under spirit and the principle of the utility model, substitutes, combination, simplify; All should be the substitute mode of equivalence, be included within the protection domain of the utility model.

Claims (4)

1. the integrated brake equipment of railway goods train bogie is characterized in that, comprising:
Preceding brake beam (1), front brake lever (2), preceding drag chain (3), two-way self-regulated stroke reinforcement brake cylinder (4), back drag chain (5), back brake lever (8), back brake beam (9), brake shoe (10);
Brake beam (1) and back brake beam (9) are arranged symmetrically in the truck bolster both sides before said;
Brake beam (1) and back brake beam (9) are provided with pillar (6) before said;
The right ends of brake beam (1) and back brake beam (9) is provided with slide block (7) before said; Said slide block (7) is embedded in the chute (26) on the truck side frame (25);
The lower end of said front brake lever (2) is connected on the pillar (6) of said preceding brake beam (1), and the upper end is connected with an end of said preceding drag chain (3); The other end of said preceding drag chain (3) is connected with the preceding fixed pivot seat (22) on the truck bolster (21);
The lower end of said back brake lever (8) is connected on the pillar (6) of said back brake beam (9), and the upper end is connected with an end of said back drag chain (5); The other end of back drag chain (5) is connected with back fixed pivot seat (23) on the truck bolster (21);
Said two-way self-regulated stroke reinforcement brake cylinder (4) is connected between said front brake lever (2) and the back brake lever (8);
Said brake shoe (10) is arranged on the said slide block of right ends (7) inboard of preceding brake beam (1) and back brake beam (9).
2. device according to claim 1 is characterized in that:
Brake beam (1) and back brake beam (9) are isosceles triangular structure before said; Pillar (6) before said on brake beam (1) and the back brake beam (9) is arranged on this isoceles triangle shape midperpendicalar position.
3. device according to claim 1 is characterized in that:
Said two-way self-regulated stroke reinforcement brake cylinder (4) front end is connected the middle part of said front brake lever (2), and the rear end is connected the middle part of back brake lever (8).
4. according to each described device of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that:
The upper end of said back brake lever (8) is provided with the pin-and-hole (24) that can link to each other with hand brake device.
CN201120309967XU 2011-08-24 2011-08-24 Integrated brake device of railway wagon bogie Expired - Fee Related CN202225879U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120309967XU CN202225879U (en) 2011-08-24 2011-08-24 Integrated brake device of railway wagon bogie

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120309967XU CN202225879U (en) 2011-08-24 2011-08-24 Integrated brake device of railway wagon bogie

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202225879U true CN202225879U (en) 2012-05-23

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ID=46076481

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201120309967XU Expired - Fee Related CN202225879U (en) 2011-08-24 2011-08-24 Integrated brake device of railway wagon bogie

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202225879U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102381334A (en) * 2011-08-24 2012-03-21 南车长江车辆有限公司 Integrated brake device for bogie of rail wagon
CN103786744A (en) * 2014-01-25 2014-05-14 南车眉山车辆有限公司 Lower pull rod type bogie braking fulcrum device
CN107161172A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-09-15 中车哈尔滨车辆有限公司 Adjustable brake rigging and method of adjustment

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102381334A (en) * 2011-08-24 2012-03-21 南车长江车辆有限公司 Integrated brake device for bogie of rail wagon
CN102381334B (en) * 2011-08-24 2014-07-09 南车长江车辆有限公司 Integrated brake device for bogie of rail wagon
CN103786744A (en) * 2014-01-25 2014-05-14 南车眉山车辆有限公司 Lower pull rod type bogie braking fulcrum device
CN103786744B (en) * 2014-01-25 2016-08-17 中车眉山车辆有限公司 A kind of drop-down rod-type bogie braking point device
CN107161172A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-09-15 中车哈尔滨车辆有限公司 Adjustable brake rigging and method of adjustment

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 430212 Jiangxia Economic Development Zone, Wuhan, the new bridge area of the city of Hubei

Patentee after: CRRC YANGTZE CO., LTD.

Address before: 430212 Jiangxia Economic Development Zone, Wuhan, the new bridge area of the city of Hubei

Patentee before: China South Locomotive & Rolling Stock Changjiang Vehicle Company

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120523

Termination date: 20170824

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee