CN202225307U - Cutting and polishing machine for vertical type acrylic two-dimensional or three-dimensional curved surface and combination plane - Google Patents

Cutting and polishing machine for vertical type acrylic two-dimensional or three-dimensional curved surface and combination plane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202225307U
CN202225307U CN2011202998175U CN201120299817U CN202225307U CN 202225307 U CN202225307 U CN 202225307U CN 2011202998175 U CN2011202998175 U CN 2011202998175U CN 201120299817 U CN201120299817 U CN 201120299817U CN 202225307 U CN202225307 U CN 202225307U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
polishing machine
cutting
tool
work top
cutter
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011202998175U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陆海钰
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SHANGHAI DIANPAI ENTERPRISE IMAGE PLANNING CO Ltd
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SHANGHAI DIANPAI ENTERPRISE IMAGE PLANNING CO Ltd
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Publication of CN202225307U publication Critical patent/CN202225307U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a cutting and polishing machine for vertical type acrylic two-dimensional or three-dimensional curved surfaces and combination planes, which comprises a machine bed (100), a workbench surface (200), a tool changer, a tool magazine (500) and a cutting tool (600). The workbench surface (200) is arranged on the machine bed (100). The tool magazine (500) arranged over the workbench surface (200) is connected with the tool changer. The cutting tool (600) is delivered to be below a main shaft (300) through the tool changer. The main shaft (300) is connected with a servo motor (900) and the servo motor (900) is connected with an electrical control box (720) and a power supply. The electrical control box (720) is connected with a human-computer interface control panel (710) and a detection unit. A fixing unit used for fixing acrylic sheet material (1000) is arranged over the workbench surface (200). A guide groove is arranged below the machine bed (100). The cutting and polishing machine is high in machining precision, good in dimension consistency, high in time utilization rate and high in production efficiency.

Description

The cutting polishing machine of a kind of vertical acrylic two dimension or three-dimension curved surface and combined planar
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the acrylic machining technology, specifically, is the cutting polishing machine of a kind of vertical acrylic two dimension or three-dimension curved surface and combined planar.
Background technology
Acrylic also is PMMA or polymethyl methacrylate.All be the Chinese call of English acrylic, it is exactly lucite in fact that translation is come.Chemical name is a polymethyl methacrylate.Acrylic is a kind of exploitation important thermoplastic early; Have the transparency, chemical stability and weatherability preferably; Easy dyeing; Be prone to processing, outward appearance is graceful, in industries such as advertisement, IT, furniture, cosmetics showing stand, stage property, hotel, LCDs, polaroid, instrument and meter, building, has a wide range of applications.The lucite product can be divided into casting plate, extrusion board and moulding compound usually.
At present, acrylic two dimension or three-dimension curved surface and combined planar glossing are profiling processing on simple wood routing machine.The carbide alloy routing cutter is installed in to engrave on the main shaft that mills machine and clamps with collet; The routing cutter front end has a little bearing; Bearing outer ring abuts against on the acrylic workpiece underlying die (pattern); The feeding of manual promotion workpiece, cutter high speed rotary cutting, thus form processing curves along whole strokes of pattern promotion workpiece.Remove tooth marks with the rubber polishing then, add cured polishing of polishing or flame polish with the cloth wheel more at last.
The shortcoming of above-mentioned technology:
1. owing to manual profiling, production efficiency is low, crudy is poor, labor strength is big, and blade is exposed to outer very dangerous, is prone to industrial injury.
2. owing to the pattern low precision, little bearing and pattern contact precision are relatively poor again on the cutter, are difficult to assurance acrylic product size and form accuracy and process conforming requirement.
3. the manual workpiece that promotes cuts, and cutting is extremely unstable, and the surface roughness extreme difference does not reach that the acrylic surface is passed through, the requirement on light, bright high smooth surface.
4. engrave and mill the curved surface that profiling on the machine can't the machining 3 D interlock.
5. cloth is taken turns or flame polish, and workman's operation labor intensity is big, and environmental pollution is serious, and quality of finish is poor, and angle easily collapses.
6. equipment volume is bigger, and quality is heavier, is inconvenient to carry and move.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is, the cutting polishing machine of a kind of vertical acrylic two dimension or three-dimension curved surface and combined planar is provided, to overcome the above-mentioned shortcoming and defect of existing in prior technology.Utility model the utility model is mainly used in two dimension or three-dimension curved surface, the cutting polishing of combined planar or the cut of other specific (special) requirements (for example frosted finish effect) of acrylic (PMMA) sheet material in the manufacturing fields such as advertisement, exhibition booth, cosmetics showing stand, stage property, hotel's apparatus, furniture, decoration, automobile, aircraft, factory, subway, communication, medical machinery, optical instrument, LCDs.
The operation principle of the utility model:
Acrylic sheet material is carried out the mirror-finish cutting polishing processing of two dimension or three-dimension curved surface and combined planar with digital control technology and accurate diamond cutter cutting technology on the polishing machine.
At first acrylic sheet material is placed on the vacuum cup or anchor clamps of patent equipment work top; Start vavuum pump acrylic sheet material is fixed on (vacuum is by acrylic sheet material thickness scalable) on the sucker; By the two dimension or the d pattern of Auto CAD, Solidworks, UG, Pro/E drafting, with Mastercam, UG or Pro/E software programming procedure and cutter feed path; The cutter that to process usefulness in advance all inserts tool magazine by the use order, adopts manipulator or other automatic tool changer to exchange cutter automatically by procedure.Before starting patent equipment; With inductance tool setting device or ruby probe measure first cutter and finished surface apart from size; Equipment withdraws from tool setting device or ruby probe automatically then; Start main axis rotation,, accomplish the rough lumber task in the sheet material whole machining process program through manipulator or the cutting of automatic tool changer tool changing tool with one or several hard alloy cutter.Press procedure with some accurate diamond cutters of making particular design at last and accomplish two dimension or three-dimension curved surface, and the cutting of combined planar polishes, make that surface to be machined reaches, light, bright super-smooth surface.
The technical problem of the required solution of the utility model, can realize through following technical scheme:
The cutting polishing machine of a kind of vertical acrylic two dimension or three-dimension curved surface and combined planar; Comprise lathe bed, work top, tool changing device, tool magazine and cutter; On the said lathe bed work top is set, said work top top is provided with tool magazine, and said tool magazine is connected with tool changing device; Said tool changing device is delivered to the main shaft below with cutter
It is characterized in that said main shaft is connected with servomotor, said servomotor is connected with electric control box, and said servomotor also is connected with power supply;
Said electric control box is connected with the man-machine interface control panel, and said electric control box also is connected with checkout gear;
Said work top top is provided with the fixedly fixture of acrylic sheet material;
Said lathe bed below is provided with guide groove.The quantity of said guide groove is 2.
Wherein, said tool changing device is a manipulator; Said manipulator is connected with servomotor.
Wherein, said work top comprises vertical work top, horizontal work level face, and vertical work top is set on the said lathe bed, on said vertical work top the horizontal work level face is set, and the fixedly device of acrylic sheet material is set on the said horizontal work level face.
Further, vertical X axis rail and vertically on the work top horizontal Y axis rail is being set is set on the said lathe bed.
Further, Z axis rail about the said main shaft both sides setting.
Wherein, said checkout gear is inductance tool setting device or ruby probe.
Wherein, said fixture comprises vacuum cup or anchor clamps.
Further, said vacuum cup is connected with vavuum pump through exhaust tube.
Wherein, said cutter is a diamond cutter.
The beneficial effect of the utility model:
(1) the utility model adopts the cutting technology of Numeric Control Technology, servo techniques and accurate diamond cutter, and machining accuracy is high, and dimensional uniformity is good, scale error≤0.02mm, surface roughness Ra≤0.03 μ m (30nm), light transmittance>=91~92%.
(2) production efficiency is high, adopts the alternative acrylic traditional hand of patent art Cutting Process, and production efficiency can improve about 30% at least, and can reach manual be beyond one's reach the size shape precision of two dimension or three-dimension curved surface and minimum surface roughness.
(3) the utility model adopts spray cooling device, dustless no splash in the Tool in Cutting polishing process, avoided traditional handicraft particularly the buffing dust from flying workers'health safety has been protected in the pollution of surrounding environment.
(4) the diamond cutter cutting technology of the utility model; Be the advanced cutter to the acrylic material cutting, reasonably the cutting edge after geometric parameter and careful the grinding has stronger sharpness and less jaggedness; Thereby long service life; Stable processing quality, but and reconditioning reuse, practiced thrift the cutter resource.
(5) time availability of the cutting polishing machine of the utility model is high, adopts manipulator or automatic tool changer, tool change time≤1.5s; Servomotor and line slideway are all adopted in the feeding of spindle table face, and acceleration>=1.5g has shortened tool change time and idle running time.
(6) man-machine interface of the utility model: procedure available computers special purpose interface is imported or with the input of CF card insertion equipment, also can before LCDs, manual work be imported, the Chinese demonstration, and the operation ten minutes is convenient.
(7) the lathe bed below is provided with guide groove, and the convenient fork truck that uses is carried or moved.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the side view of Fig. 1.
Reference numeral:
Lathe bed 100, guide groove 160, vertically work top 210, horizontal work level face 220, main shaft 300, BT40 main shaft 310, manipulator 410, vertically X axis rail 411, laterally Y axis rail 412, Z axis rail 413, tool magazine 500, cutter 600, man-machine interface control panel 710, electric control box 720, servomotor 900, vacuum cup 910, vavuum pump 920, exhaust tube 930, acrylic sheet material 1000 up and down.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the utility model is described further.Should be understood that following examples only are used to the utility model is described but not the scope that is used to limit the utility model.
The experimental technique of unreceipted actual conditions in the following example, usually according to normal condition, or the condition that manufacturer provides is carried out.
Embodiment 1
The cutting polishing machine of a kind of vertical acrylic two dimension or three-dimension curved surface and combined planar, like Fig. 1-shown in Figure 2, Fig. 1 is the structural representation of vertical two dimension or three-dimension curved surface and combined planar diamond polishing machine, Fig. 2 is the side view of Fig. 1.The cutting polishing machine comprises: lathe bed 100, work top 200, fixture, tool changing device, tool magazine 500 and cutter 600, man-machine interface control panel 710, electric control box 720, servomotor 900, vacuum cup 910, vavuum pump 920 and checkout gear.
Work top 200 is set on the lathe bed 100, and work top 200 tops are provided with tool magazine 500, and tool magazine 500 is connected with tool changing device, and tool changing device is delivered to main shaft 300 with cutter 600, and main shaft 300 belows are BT40 main shaft 310.Tool changing device is a manipulator 410; Manipulator 410 is connected with servomotor 900.Adopt manipulator or automatic tool changer, tool change time≤1.5s; Servomotor and line slideway are all adopted in the feeding of spindle table face, and acceleration>=1.5g has shortened tool change time and idle running time.
Main shaft 300 is connected with servomotor 900, and servomotor 900 is connected with electric control box 720, and servomotor 900 also is connected with power supply; Power supply is the 380V alternating current.Electric control box 720 is connected with man-machine interface control panel 710, and special purpose interface is imported or with the input of CF card insertion equipment, also can before LCDs, manual work be imported, the Chinese demonstration, and the operation ten minutes is convenient.
Electric control box 720 also is connected with checkout gear.Checkout gear is inductance tool setting device or ruby probe.Before starting polishing machine, with inductance tool setting device or ruby probe measure first cutter and finished surface apart from size.
Work top 200 belows are provided with the fixedly fixture of acrylic sheet material 1000.Fixture comprises vacuum cup 910 or anchor clamps.Vacuum cup 910 is connected with vavuum pump 920 through exhaust tube 930, and acrylic sheet material 1000 is adsorbed on the work top 200.
Work top 200 comprises vertical work top 210, horizontal work level face 220, and vertical work top 210 is set on the lathe bed 100, vertically on the work top 210 horizontal work level face 220 is set, and acrylic sheet material 1000 is set on the horizontal work level face 220.Vertical X axis rail 411 and horizontal Y axis rail 412 are set on the horizontal work level face 220.Main shaft 300 both sides are provided with Z axis rail 413 up and down.
Lathe bed 100 belows are provided with guide groove 160.Guide groove 160 or leg are set below lathe bed 100, make things convenient for the fork truck carrying.The quantity of guide groove is 2.
Cutter 600 is a diamond cutter.The material of this cutter 600 can be selected monocrystalline or polycrystal diamond cutter for use, and its structure adopts welded type, weld strength >=450Mp.
The technical parameter of cutter 600:
(1) cutting edge is beated≤2~3 μ m.
(2) rake face roughness Ra≤0.05 μ m.
(3) back knife face roughness Ra≤0.1 μ m.
(4) blade sharpness ρ≤1~2 μ m.
(5) blade jaggedness: under 300~500 power microscopes, detect no jaggedness defective.
The important technological parameters of cutting polishing machine:
1. maximum processing work size: 1000 * 600 (mm).
2. area of work: 1200 * 700 (mm).
3. workbench X axle stroke: 2200 (mm).
4. workbench Y axle stroke: 1200 (mm).
5. main shaft Z axle stroke: 700 (mm).
6. the main shaft end face is to workbench distance: 125~625mm.
7. vacuum cup area: 1000 * 600.
8. vacuum cup vacuum :≤-0.7Kg.
9. spindle hole tapering: BT40.
10. the speed of mainshaft; Servomotor 100~160000r/min.
11. main shaft feeding rate: (x, y, z) 1~3000mm/min.
12. fast moving (x, y, z): servomotor: 10000mm/min.
13. main axle servo motor: 5.5/7.5kw.
14.x, y, z spindle motor output torque: 12Nm.
15. repetitive positioning accuracy: 0.01~0.015mm.
16.x, y, z axle positioning accuracy: 0.01mm.
17. power supply capacity: 12kw.
19. tool magazine: 8~10 the umbrella shape tool magazine.
19. main control system: the FANUC-16i-MODELB that joins.
The method for using of the cutting polishing machine of a kind of vertical acrylic two dimension or three-dimension curved surface and combined planar like Fig. 1-shown in Figure 2, may further comprise the steps:
(1) cutter 600 that will process usefulness in advance all inserts tool magazine by the use order, adopts manipulator or other automatic tool changer to exchange cutter automatically by procedure.
(2) start polishing machine before, with inductance tool setting device or ruby probe measure first cutter and finished surface apart from size.
(3) acrylic sheet material is placed on the vacuum cup 910 or anchor clamps of work top 200 of polishing machine, starts vavuum pump acrylic sheet material is fixed on 910 (vacuum is by acrylic sheet material thickness scalable) on the vacuum cup;
(4) two dimension or the d pattern drawn by Auto CAD, Solidworks, UG, Pro/E.
(5) with Mastercam, UG or Pro/E software programming procedure and cutter feed path.
Handle and adopt Mastercam, UG or Pro/E software programming procedure and cutter track Trajectory Design, tool feeding method adopts the spiral way cutting in addition.
(6) the cutting polishing machine withdraws from tool setting device or ruby probe automatically; Start main shaft 300 rotations; With one or several, accomplish the rough lumber task in the acrylic sheet material 1000 whole machining process programs through manipulator or the cutting of automatic tool changer tool changing tool hard alloy cutter.
(7) press procedure to diamond cutter and accomplish two dimension or three-dimension curved surface with some, and the cutting of combined planar polishing, make that surface to be machined reaches, light, bright super-smooth surface.
The utility model carries out the mirror-finish cutting polishing processing of two dimension or three-dimension curved surface and combined planar with digital control technology and accurate diamond cutter cutting technology to acrylic sheet material 1000 on the cutting polishing machine.The utility model adopts the cutting technology of Numeric Control Technology, servo techniques and accurate diamond cutter, and machining accuracy is high, and dimensional uniformity is good, scale error≤0.02mm, surface roughness Ra≤0.03 μ m (30nm), light transmittance>=91~92%.
More than show and described the advantage of basic principle, principal character and the utility model of the utility model.The technical staff of the industry should understand; The utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments; The principle of describing in the foregoing description and the specification that the utility model just is described; The utility model also has various changes and modifications under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model spirit and scope, and these variations and improvement all fall in the utility model scope that requires protection.The utility model requires protection domain to be defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (9)

1. the cutting polishing machine of a vertical acrylic two dimension or three-dimension curved surface and combined planar; Comprise lathe bed (100), work top (200), tool changing device, tool magazine (500) and cutter (600); Work top (200) is set on the said lathe bed (100), and said work top (200) top is provided with tool magazine (500), and said tool magazine (500) is connected with tool changing device; Said tool changing device is delivered to main shaft (300) below with cutter (600)
It is characterized in that said main shaft (300) is connected with servomotor (900), said servomotor (900) is connected with electric control box (720), and said servomotor (900) also is connected with power supply;
Said electric control box (720) is connected with man-machine interface control panel (710), and said electric control box (720) also is connected with checkout gear;
Said work top (200) top is provided with the fixedly fixture of acrylic sheet material (1000);
Said lathe bed (100) below is provided with guide groove.
2. cutting polishing machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said tool changing device is manipulator (410); Said manipulator is connected with servomotor (900).
3. cutting polishing machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Said work top (200) comprises vertical work top (210), horizontal work level face (220); Vertical work top (210) is set on the said lathe bed (100), horizontal work level face (220) is set on said vertical work top (210), the fixedly device (910) of acrylic sheet material (1000) is set on the said horizontal work level face (220).
4. cutting polishing machine according to claim 3 is characterized in that, vertical X axis rail (411) is set on the said lathe bed (100), vertically on the work top (210) horizontal Y axis rail (412) is being set.
5. cutting polishing machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said main shaft (300) both sides are provided with Z axis rail (413) up and down.
6. cutting polishing machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said checkout gear is inductance tool setting device or ruby probe.
7. cutting polishing machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said fixture comprises vacuum cup (910) or anchor clamps.
8. cutting polishing machine according to claim 7 is characterized in that, said vacuum cup (910) is connected with vavuum pump (920) through exhaust tube (930).
9. cutting polishing machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said cutter is diamond cutter (600).
CN2011202998175U 2011-08-17 2011-08-17 Cutting and polishing machine for vertical type acrylic two-dimensional or three-dimensional curved surface and combination plane Expired - Fee Related CN202225307U (en)

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CN2011202998175U CN202225307U (en) 2011-08-17 2011-08-17 Cutting and polishing machine for vertical type acrylic two-dimensional or three-dimensional curved surface and combination plane

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011202998175U CN202225307U (en) 2011-08-17 2011-08-17 Cutting and polishing machine for vertical type acrylic two-dimensional or three-dimensional curved surface and combination plane

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103507168A (en) * 2012-06-29 2014-01-15 三星钻石工业股份有限公司 Substrate processing system and mounting method of tip holder used therein
CN103838177A (en) * 2012-11-23 2014-06-04 李帅 Numerical-control machining method
CN105201210A (en) * 2015-09-14 2015-12-30 安徽省葛根生产力促进中心有限公司 Manual and automatic multifunctional building equipment for processing building boards

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103507168A (en) * 2012-06-29 2014-01-15 三星钻石工业股份有限公司 Substrate processing system and mounting method of tip holder used therein
CN103838177A (en) * 2012-11-23 2014-06-04 李帅 Numerical-control machining method
CN105201210A (en) * 2015-09-14 2015-12-30 安徽省葛根生产力促进中心有限公司 Manual and automatic multifunctional building equipment for processing building boards
CN105201210B (en) * 2015-09-14 2017-05-31 安徽省葛根生产力促进中心有限公司 A kind of manual automatic multi-function Architectural Equipment for processing building board

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120523

Termination date: 20170817

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee